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Title:      The Old And the Young [I VECCHI E I GIOVANI] (1928)
Author:     Luigi Pirandello [1867-1936]

            Authorized Translation from the Italian by
            C. K. Scott-Moncrieff [1889-1930]

eBook No.:  0300321.txt
Edition:    1
Language:   English
Character set encoding:     ASCII--7 bit
Date first posted:          March 2003
Date most recently updated: March 2003

Production notes: Italics in the book are indicated in this eBook by "_"

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A Project Gutenberg of Australia eBook

Title:      The Old And the Young [I VECCHI E I GIOVANI] (1928)
Author:     Luigi Pirandello [1867-1936]

            Authorized Translation from the Italian by
            C. K. Scott-Moncrieff [1889-1930]












THE rain, which had fallen in torrents during the night, had churned
into a quagmire the long highroad that wound, in a succession of
twists and turns, as though in search of some less laborious ascent,
some less abrupt slope, over the broken surface of the vast, deserted

The damage done by the storm appeared all the more depressing,
inasmuch as there were already signs, here and there, of the
disregard, not to say the contempt, shewn for the labours of those who
had planned and constructed the road in order to give their fellow-men
an easier passage over the natural obstacles of the country by means
of those bends and coils, erecting now a retaining wall, now a dyke.
The retaining walls had fallen, the dykes had been trampled down,
where short cuts had come into being. It was drizzling still
intermittently, in the pale dawn, between the icy gusts that blew over
from the west. And at every gust, over that strip of countryside that
was just beginning now to emerge from the wet blackness of a night of
storm, a long shudder seemed to run from the town, a huddled mass of
yellowish houses, standing aloft and shrouded on its height, and to
pass over hill and dale, over the plain that bristled still with
blackened stubble, to the boiling, crested sea beyond.

Rain and wind seemed a ruthless act of cruelty on the part of the sky
that overhung the desolation of those uttermost tracts of Sicily, upon
which Girgenti, amid the piteous ruins of its primeval existence, rose
a silent and awed survivor in the void of a time that would bring no
changes, in the abandonment of a misery beyond repair.

The thickset hedges of prickly pear, or of withered brambles, or of
agave, and the occasiorial crumbling walls were interrupted here and
there by a pair of tottering pillars supporting a crooked rusty gate,
or by a rude and squalid shrine which, in the motionless solitude,
watched over by the shaggy boughs of the dripping trees, instead of
comfort inspired a certain sense of terror, posted there as they were
to recall the Faith to wayfarers--for the most part field labourers
and carters--who all too often, with overt or concealed ferocity, made
it plain that they did not recall it. A wretched stray bird or two
had come, fluttering timidly with drenched wings, to perch upon them;
these kept watch and did not venture to titter so much as a note of
lamentation in the midst of such desolation.

For some time Placido Sciaralla's aged white mare had been ploughing
and splashing along this road, under the friendly encouragement of her
weary rider, who sat, his hands stiff and purple with the cold,
cowering beneath the wind and rain, in the gay uniform of a Bourbon
soldier: red breeches and a blue greatcoat.

"Courage, Titina!"

And the tassel of his fisherman's cap, his fatigue uniform, hanging
down in front, swayed from side to side, as though beating time to the
poor animal's weary trot.

Of the infrequent wayfarers who passed him by, on foot or mounted upon
sluggardly donkeys, any who did not know that Principe Don Ippolito
Laurentano, proud and unswerving in his loyalty to the late Government
of the Two Sicilies, retained on his domain of Colimbetra (to which
ever since 1860 he had banished himself in shame and disgust) a
bodyguard of five and twenty men in the Bourbon uniform, would turn
round in amazement and stop for a while to gaze at this grotesque
phantom emerging from the moist glimmer of daybreak, without knowing
what to make of him.

Meeting the stupefied gaze of these ignorant fellows, Sciaralla, the
captain of the aforementioned guard, notwithstanding the cold and rain
that chilled and drenched him, would sit erect in his saddle, assuming
an air of martial disdain; martially, were he passing one of the
shrines, would he raise his hand in salute; then lowering his eyes to
study the trained and trimmed points of the scanty black moustaches
(most inadequate!) beneath his bold aquiline nose, would alter his
friendly encouragement of the animal to an imperious "Up, there!"
followed by a tug of the rein and an inward thrust of his spurs, to
which as often as not Titina--the besom--finding herself treated with
such violence in her torpid senility--would respond with scant

But these encounters, so gratifying to the Captain, had become
extremely rare. Everybody knew now about that bodyguard at Colimbetra,
and either laughed at it or waxed indignant.

"The Pope, in the Vatican with his Switzers; Don Ippolito Laurentano,
on his estate with Sciaralla and Co.!"

And Sciaralla, who, within the marches of Colimbetra, felt himself to
be in his proper place, every inch a Captain, once he was outside the
gates did not know what air to assume to escape from jeers and

Already everybody was beginning to degrade him from his true rank,
addressing him as _caporale_. Idiots! The impertinence! When he was
in command of fully five and twenty men (yes, five and twenty!) and
yon ought to see how he drilled them in all the military exercises and
kept them on the trot. Besides.... But surely, do not all the great
gentlemen keep an escort of _campieri_ in livery on their estates?
Quite so, but to admit that he was merely a _campiere_ was something
of a wrench to poor Sciaralla, who was a "man of family" and held an
elementary teacher's and gymnastic instructor's certificate. He had,
nevertheless, reluctantly compelled himself at times to describe his
position in these terms, lest he should hear himself called by a yet
more opprobrious name. A _campiere_, yes... the chief _campiere_, the


"_Capo_, chief! Where d'you get the corporal from? You do admit, then,
that we are a military force?"

"Whose? How? And why are they dressed like that?" Sciaralla would
shrug his shoulders, screw up his eyes and heave a sigh.

"One uniform is as good as another.... One of His Excellency's
whimsies, what is a man to do?"

But with others of greater credulity he allowed himself to indulge in
mysterious confidences: to the effect that the Prince, whose views
made him be looked at askance by the Italian Government,
which--imagine such a thing--would be only too glad to hear that he
had been ruthlessly murdered or pillaged, did really stand in need, in
this lonely part of the country, of the escort of which he, Sciaralla,
was the unworthy chief. This, however, did not explain why the escort
were obliged to go about dressed in that hated uniform.

"Hangmen, that's what you are!" was the retort that had more than once
been made to poor Sciaralla, who would then think a trifle bitterly
how easy it was for the Prince to maintain with such dignity and
constancy that proud attitude of protestation, remaining always shut
up within the walls of Colimbetra, whereas he and his subordinates
were obliged to face the perils of the outer world and to answer there
for him.

In vain, in private conversation, did he swear and forswear himself
that never on any account would he, in the days of the Bourbons, have
put on that uniform, a symbol, at that time, of tyranny, a symbol of
the oppressors of the country; and he would add, throwing up his

"But nowadays, gentlemen, why not? Now that it is you who are the
masters.... You let me be! It's my daily bread, gentlemen! You don't
really mean it."

In vain. They tried to turn his blood to gall, by pretending not to
understand that he, after all, in his real self, was not simply a part
of the dress he wore; that inside the uniform was a man, a poor man
like all the rest, obliged to earn his living in some vile manner. By
his smiles, by his glances, composing his features with an air of keen
interest in other people's affairs, he sought in every possible way to
distract their attention from his coat; after which, he would feel a
fierce inward resentment of all these tricks and grimaces, because,
when he looked at the coat without thinking of what it meant, why,
good Lord, it seemed to him a very fine coat indeed, and one that
suited him down to the ground; and he almost felt remorseful at having
to pretend that it distressed him to wear it.

He had heard it said that up in town, at Girgenti, a certain
official from the mainland, a bearded, bilious creature, had publicly
declared with furious gesticulations that such an indecency, such
insolence, so open an insult to the glory of the Revolution, the
Government, the Country, Civilisation itself, would not be tolerated
in any other part of Italy, nor perhaps in any other province of
Sicily itself except this province of Girgenti, so... so... he had
preferred not to express in words what he thought of it; with his
hands he had sketched a certain gesture....

Lord, could it really be meant for him, for that Bourbon uniform of
the five and twenty men of the bodyguard, all that contempt and
ill-feeling? Why, oh why, did not these indignant folk turn their
attention rather to His Worship the Mayor, to the Aldermen, the
Municipal and Provincial Councillors, who came tumbling over one
another, strutting along in their best clothes, to pay their respects
to H. E. the Prince of Laurentano, who received them in his villa like
a king in his royal palace? Not to mention the higher ranks of the
clergy, with the Lord Bishop at their head, who, of course, might
regard a Legitimist like his Excellency as his natural ally.

Sciaralla swelled with pride and joy at the sight of all these
visitors; and nothing gave him greater pleasure than to stand to
attention whenever they called, and present arms to them. If
Monsignore came, or the Mayor, the sentry at the gate would turn out
the little picket from the adjoining guardroom, and give a first
salute then and there, in the best military style, with a fine clatter
of arms presented and brought down to the order in quick time; another
salute followed beneath the pillars of the porch outside the villa, at
a shout from the second sentry by the carriage door. As for earning
their pay, they had so little to do that he and his men deliberately
made work for themselves, seeking whatever pretext they might find;
and one of their most serious occupations was just this military
salute, which was wonderfully effective in ridding them of the
degrading sense that--for all their fine uniforms--they served no
purpose whatsoever.

When all was said, with all these powerful protectors, Sciaralla might
have laughed at the mockery he received from the lower orders, had he
not, like all vain men, felt a longing to be received and greeted by
everyone with, courtesy and goodwill. And so he was unable to laugh
at it, indeed for some time past he had been more than a little
alarmed by it, for another reason.

There was a rumour going about, which acquired greater strength every
day, that all the workmen of the larger towns on the island, and the
peasantry, and, nearer at hand, the workers in the sulphur pits were
seeking to combine in unions, or, as they called them, _fasci_, to
rebel not so much against the gentry as against all law and order,
they said, and to overturn everything.

Over and again, when he was on duty in the ante-room, he had heard the
matter discussed in the drawing-room. The Prince--of course--threw the
blame on the usurping Government, which had first of all caged up and
had then proceeded to starve the populace of the island by unjust and
infamous taxes and appropriations; the rest of the party agreed in
chorus; but the Lord Bishop seemed to Sciaralla to know better than
any of them where the evil lay.

The evil, the true evil, the greatest of all the evils committed by
the new Government consisted not so much in their usurpation, which
still, and rightly, made the heart of H. E. the Prince of Laurentano
bleed. Monarchies, civil and social institutions: these were temporary
affairs; they pass away; it would be a mistake to alter or abolish
them if they are just and holy; a mistake however which it might be
possible to remedy. But if you abolish or obscure in the sight of men
what ought to shine eternally in their spirit: their Faith, their
Religion? Well, this was what the new Government had done! And how
could the people remain quiet amid all the tribulations of life, if
they no longer had their faith to make them accept these with
resignation, or rather with jubilation as a proof and promise of
reward in another life? Is there one life only? This life on earth?
Will not your tribulations have their recompense in the world beyond,
if they are endured with resignation? If not, what reason have we left
for accepting and enduring them? Let numbers triumph then, and the
bestial instinct break loose for satisfying here below all the base
appetites of the body!

He was quite right, was Monsignore. The true reason of all the evil
was this. No less than Monsignore, who, to tell the truth, with all
the money he had could scarcely feel the tribulations of life,
Sciaralla would have liked to see all the poor folk realize this
reason. But he could not succeed in putting out of his thoughts a holy
man, an aged mendicant, who had appeared one day at the gate of the
villa, rosary in hand, and, as he stood waiting for alms and heard a
long rumbling sound in his own stomach, had drawn Sciaralla's
attention to it, with a sorrowful smile: "Did you hear? It wasn't I
that spoke; it's the voice of hunger speaking...."

Sciaralla's consternation at this grave peril which overhung all the
gentry arose more than from anything else from the calm confidence
with which the Prince, there in his drawing-room, appeared to defy it.
It was based, certainly, upon Sciaralla, and upon the valour and
devotion of his men, this confidence on the Prince's part, and it
might he good enough for him to say that he himself was not afraid,
leaving all other considerations to other people.

Fortunately, up to the present at Girgenti nobody stirred a finger nor
shewed any sign of proposing to stir a finger! A city of the dead. So
much so--said evil tongues--that the crows reigned there, in other
words the priests. An inertia, whether for good or for evil, had taken
root in the most profound distrust of destiny, in the conviction that
nothing could possibly happen, that every effort must prove futile to
shake off the utter desolation in which were engulfed not only the
souls of men but everything else as well. And Sciaralla felt that he
had a convincing proof of this in the dreary spectacle presented to
him, that morning, by the surrounding country and by that endless
road. Courage, Titina!

He had by this time covered the section of road hewn out of the
vertical face of the long brow, from which rise majestic against the
sky the remains of the old Akragantine temples, and where at one time
opened the Golden Gate of the ancient vanished city. Now he came
stumbling down the slope that declines to the valley of Sant'Anna,
through which there trickles, with an occasional obstruction, a
rivulet of undrinkable water, the ancient Hypsas, now Drago, dry in
summer and a source of malaria throughout the surrounding country,
owing to the stagnant pools that form beneath the tangled vegetation
of its banks. Swollen to a torrent by the heavy rain of the night, it
surged, this morning, against the low arch of the bridge, accustomed
in summer to bestride an empty bed of stones and gravel.

Indeed from that dreary tract of country, abominated by such peasants
as were compelled by necessity to inhabit it, wasted, yellow,
fever-ridden, there seemed to be exhaled in the murk of the frigid
dawn an agonizing oppression, by which even the trees were penetrated;
those centenarian, writhing olives, those almonds stripped bare by the
first winds of autumn.

"Wet morning, eh?" Captain Sciaralla would hasten to say, whenever, on
this part of the road, he encountered any of the peasants or carters
who knew him, to forestall jeers and insults, and would put spurs to
poor Titina.

It was not without reason, though, that he chose, this morning, as a
topic of conversation the rain of the past night. As he trotted along,
and looked up at the black and ragged mass of drifting clouds, his
thoughts turned to the rain in search of an excuse that would set his
conscience at rest, he having disobeyed an express order received the
evening before from the Prince's secretary: the order to set off at
once with a letter to Don Cosmo Laurentano, Don Ippolito's brother,
who lived in similar isolation on the other estate of Valsania, about
four miles from Colimbetra.

Sciaralla had not felt inclined to venture forth at that hour of the
night, and ride down the valley in such vile weather; it had occurred
to him that Lisi Preola, the old secretary, having a scapegrace son
who aspired to become captain of the bodyguard, would like nothing
better than to dispatch Sciaralla himself into the next world; that,
after all, the letter was probably not so urgent as to require him to
risk his neck on a villainous road, in pitch darkness, under pelting
rain, amid thunder and lightning; and that in short he might as well
wait for the dawn and slip off quietly, without having to forego his
evening game of briscola in the barrack-room on the crest of the
Sperone, to which he retired for the night with his three chief
subordinates, each of them taking his turn of three hours on guard.

Captain Sciaralla always'disliked having to leave Colimbetra, but he
felt that he was taking his life in his hands when he had to go to
Val-sania. There he was always required to endure in patience the
fury of an old fiend, the terror of all the country round, named Mauro
Mortara, who, taking advantage of the easy-going nature of Don Cosmo,
whose great tomes of philosophy had undoubtedly addled his brains,
played the master there, refusing to take orders from anyone else.

"Courage, courage, Titina!" Sciaralla kept sighing, whenever the
figure of this old man appeared to his mind's eye: of low stature,
slightly bent, jacketless, wearing a thick, rough shirt of violet
flannel checked with red, unbuttoned to expose his hairy chest, a huge
shaggy cap on his head which he had made for himself from a lambskin,
the tan of which, melted by his sweat, had stained to a deep yellow
his flowing locks and the untrimmed white whiskers on either side of
his face: comic and savage, with a brace of big pistols always in his
belt, even at night time, since he lay down to sleep fully clad on a
straw mattress for a few hours only: still more alert and stronger, at
seventy-seven, than a lad of twenty.

"And he won't ever die!" groaned Sciaralla. "I should think not! He
has everything he wants! After all these years he is looked upon as
one of the family by Don Ippolito himself, which is saying a good
deal. As for Don Cosmo, the wonder is they don't call each other

And he turned over in his mind as he rode the extraordinary adventures
of this man who, in Forty-Eight, had followed into exile in Malta the
old Prince, Don Gerlando Laurentano, who had shown a fondness for him
ever since the time when, deprived of his place as Gentleman in
Waiting, _Gold Key_, owing to some scandal at the Court of Naples, he
had retired to Valsania, where Mortara had been born and bred, the
son of poor peasants, and was a peasant boy himself, tending the
sheep, in fact, at the time.

One in particular among the man's countless adventures arrested
Placido Sciaralla's attention: the adventure that had won for Mortara
the nickname _Monk_; an adventure of his earliest days, before
Forty-Eight, when at Valsania, round the old Prince of Laurentano,
there used to assemble in secret, from Girgenti, the section leaders
of the revolutionary committee. Mauro Mortara kept guard for the
conspirators at the gate of the Villa. Well, on one occasion a
Franciscan friar was so ill-advised as to make his way there in search
of alms. Mortara at once took him for a spy: seized him, bound him,
kept him tied to a tree all day long: at nightfall he untied him and
sent him packing; but the friar was unable to get over his fright, and
shortly afterwards died.

This adventure remained more vivid than any of the rest in Sciaralla's
imagination, not only because in it Mortara showed himself, as he
liked to believe himself, a fierce man, but also because the tree to
which the Franciscan had been tied was still standing there by the
villa, and Mauro never failed to point it out to him, accompanying the
gesture with a mute, sardonic smile and a slight nod, his face
contorted with rage at the sight of that Bourbon uniform.

"Courage, Titina, courage!"

It was best to suffer in peace the insults and taunts of this old man.
A man who had, indeed, met and faced dangers and mishaps of every sort
in the course of his life, beyond counting; but how fortunate he was
now to be serving Don Cosmo, who never took any notice of anything
except those great books which kept him wandering all day in a sort of
waking dream about the avenues of Valsania!

What a difference between the Prince, his own master, and this Don
Cosmo! What a difference, too, between either of the brothers and
their sister Donna Caterina Auriti, who lived--a penniless widow--at

For years past all three had been at daggers drawn with one another.
Donna Caterina Laurentano, alone of the three, had been influenced by
their father's new ideas; in addition to which it was said that, as a
girl, she had brought shame on the family by running away with Stefano
Auriti, killed later on in Sixty, as a Garibaldino, at the battle of
Milazzo, while fighting side by side with Mortara and with his own son
Don Boberto, who now lived in Borne and had then been a boy of twelve,
the youngest soldier in the Thousand.

It may be imagined, therefore, whether the Prince could have any
dealings with such a sister! Don Cosmo was another matter--why not
he? He, to all appearances at least, had never taken sides with
anyone. And yet perhaps he did not approve of his elder brother's
protest against the new Government. Which of the two was right,
though? Their father, before turning Liberal, had been a Bourbonist, a
Gentleman of the Chamber and _Gold Key_: what wonder, then, if the
son, deeming his father disloyal, had remained faithful to the late
Government? Indeed, he was entitled to respect for showing such
constancy: respect and veneration; and was in no way to be blamed if
he chose that everybody should know what his views were, even by the
way in which he dressed his dependents. "Yes, gentlemen, I am a
Bourbonist! I have the courage of my convictions!"

"Courage, Titina!" Ohe!

At this stage a clod of earth struck Captain Sciaralla on the back,
followed by a burst of mocking laughter.

The Captain started up in his saddle and turned round, furious. There
was no one to be seen. From a hedge beyond the ditch, however, came
the following lines of verse, declaimed in a tone of derision, very

 Sciarallino, Sciarallino,
 sei scappato dalla storia?
 dove vai con tanta boria
 sul ventoso tuo ronzino?

 [Sciarallino, Sciarallino, have you just stepped out of the
history-book? Where are you off to, so proud and stiff, on your
broken-winded nag]

Captain Sciaralla recognized the voice as that of Marco Preola, the
scapegrace son of the Prince's secretary, and felt his blood boil.
But a moment later Preola made his appearance in such a state that the
Captain's frowning brows rose to the brim of his cap, and his lips,
tight pressed in anger, parted with stupefaction.

He bore no resemblance to a human being, this creature: saving the
grace of Baptism, it was a hog that he suggested, fresh from his
wallow, muddy and dishevelled. Standing with his legs apart, his body
reeling backwards from the waist in a drunkard's balance, Preola
continued to declaim from above with loose and feeble gesticulations

 Dimmi, corri, Sciarallino,
 all'assalto d'un molino?
 od a caccia di lumache
 vai cosi di buon mattino
 con codeste rosse brache
 e il guibbon chiaro turchino,
 Sciarallino, Sciarallino?

[Tell me, are you hastening, Sciarallino, to the assault of a
windmill? Or is it hunting snails that you come out like this at
cockcrow with those red breeches and that sky-blue coat, Sciarallino,

"You dear fellow!" said Sciaralla, as he felt with one hand behind his
back, where the clod had plastered his coat with mud. Marco Preola
slid down, on the seat of his breeches, from the slimy bank of the
ditch, and came up to him.

"Dear, am I?" he said. "No: I sell myself cheap! Do you like my
poetry? It's fine! And there's more of it, you know? I am going to
print it in next Sunday's _Empedocle."

Captain Sciaralla continued to gaze at him, his face now contracted in
a grimace in which pity was mingled with disgust. He knew that the
other was liable to epileptic fits, that often he would wander about
by night like a stray dog, and disappear for two or three days on end,
until he was found lying like a dead animal with his face to the
ground and froth on his lips, up at the Culmo delle Forche or on the
Serra Ferlucchia or in the fields. He saw the man's puffy face,
disfigured by a long, livid scar on the right cheek, with a thin,
irregular growth of colourless hair on lip and chin; he stared at the
old cap, faded and filthy, which did not come far enough down to hide
the deformity of a precocious baldness; he noticed that the hair of
his eyebrows had fallen out also; but he could not face the glare of
those pale, greenish, impudent eyes, in which all the vices imaginable
seemed to swarm. Expelled from the Military School at Modena, Preola
had been in Rome for about a year on the staff of a blackmailing
little paper; after serving a term of eight months' imprisonment, he
had tried to commit suicide by jumping off one of the bridges into the
Tiber; his life saved by a miracle, he had been sent back to his home
by order of the court, and was now living at his father's expense in

"What have you been doing?" Sciaralla asked him.

Preola looked at his clothes and with a frigid grin replied:

"Nothing. I've made myself a bit... mucky."

He waved his hands in such a way as to indicate that he had been
rolling on the ground, and added:

"A slight attack...."

All of a sudden, with a change of tone and manner, gripping Sciaralla
by the arm: "Give me the letter," he shouted. "I know you have it!"

"Are you mad?" exclaimed Sciaralla, recoiling from him with a jerk.

Preola uttered a nervous laugh, then said to him:

"Out with it; I'm only going to take a sniff at it. I want to see if
it smells of wedding-cake. Creature, don't you know that your master
is getting married?"

Sciaralla stared at him in amazement.

"The Prince?"

"His Excellency, yes indeed! Don't you believe me? I bet that's what
the letter is about. The Prince is announcing his marriage to his
brother. Haven't you seen Monsignor Montoro? He's the match maker!"

Certainly Monsignor Montoro had, during the last few days, shewn his
face far more often than usual at Colimbetra. Could it be true?
Sciaralla made an effort to prevent these incredible tidings, of such
an astounding event, from revealing to him in a flash a vision of
sumptuous entertainments, of a gay animation quite novel in that
austere, vast, silent retreat; the hope of reward for the brave show
that he would make with his men and the faultless service that he
would render. ... But the Prince, was it possible? So serious a
man... and at his age? Besides, how was anyone to believe what Preola
might say? Endeavouring to hide his amazement and curiosity with an
incredulous smile, he asked:

"And who is the lady?"

"If you give me the letter, I'll tell you," the other replied.

"To-morrow! Get along with you!... I see your game."

Whereupon Sciaralla leant forward in his saddle as a signal to the
mare to move.

"Wait!" exclaimed Preola, grasping Titina by the tail. "A lot I care
about the wedding, or whether you believe me or not! Perhaps... now
this is what I really should like to know ... perhaps the Prince is
writing to his brother about the election, and their nephew's
candidature. Haven't you heard about that either?  Don't you know that
Roberto Auriti, the 'twelve-year-old hero,' is standing for

"I know all I want to know, you can't take me in," said Sciaralla.
"Haven't we got a Member already, Fazello?"

"Why, you're all a hundred years hehind the times, at Colimbetra!"
sneered Preola. "We're to have a General Election, and Fazello's not
standing again, donkey, because of his son's death!"

"His son? But he's not married!"

Again Preola uttered his nervous laugh.

"And can't a bachelor, a clergyman too, have children? Idiot! We're to
have Auriti, supported by the Government, against the lawyer Capolino.
A fierce fight, tense excitement.... Give me the letter!"

Sciaralla thrust his spurs into Titina and jerked himself free from
Preola. Whereupon the latter flung a stone after him, then a second;
he was preparing to fling a third, when from round the corner came a
furious voice:

"Ohe, what the... Who's that throwing stones?"

And a second voice, addressed evidently to the escaping Sciaralla:

"For shame! For shame! You dressed-up doll! Idiot! Clown!"

And from round the corner there appeared, beneath a huge, tattered
umbrella, tired and travel-stained, the two inseparables, Luca Lizio
and Nocio Pigna, or, as everyone had now begun to call them,
_Propaganda and Co._: the former, a pale, shockheaded lamp-post of a
man, with a pair of spectacles that kept slipping to one side of his
nose, hunching his shoulders with cold, and with the collar of his
light summer jacket turned up; the other squat, deformed, with a
crooked back, one arm dangling down almost to the ground and the other
hand resting on his knee, in an attempt to establish some sort of


They were the two revolutionaries of the place.

Captain Sciaralla was wrong in thinking that there was no one stirring
at Girgenti.

They were stirring, Lizio and Pigna.

It must be admitted that the appearance of the pair, that morning, so
drenched and numbed, under their tattered umbrella, did not suggest
that there could be anything very terrible in their revolutionary

No one could be better aware of this than Marco Preola, who, having
long since abandoned to the will of destiny his own life, which he
himself was the first to belittle and despise, a life in which there
was no affection, no faith in anything left, unbound not only by any
rule but by any force of habit, and flung to the mercy of every
sudden, violent caprice, regarded everything as absurd and fatuous,
and laughed at everything, finding an outlet in that laughter for the
exceptional, if disordered, energies of his embittered spirit.

He knew that, three days earlier, the pair had gone down to the
harbour of Porto Empedocle to catechize the porters employed in
loading sulphur, the wharfingers, stevedores, lightermen, carters,
checkweighmen, with a view to combining them in a _fascio_. Seeing
them return at such an hour and in such a state, he wrinkled his nose,
stopped in the middle of the road to wait for them and accompany them
as far as Girgenti; as they drew near, he flung out his arms as though
to gather up a full-sized _fiasco_ of wine, and said to them:

"Come along; don't worry: I can carry it."

Pigna stopped and, drawing himself up as far as he could with the
support of his arm, stared contemptuously at Preola. His body was all
twisted and knotted; but he had the face of a great doll, without a
hair on it, cheeks burnished by the salt sweat that exuded from his
skin, and a pair of black eyes, glinting and darting, the eyes of a
madman, beneath a big blue bonnet, battered out of shape, which gave
him the appearance of a jack in the box.

Marco Preola hailed him by a contemptuously friendly nickname, and
said with a smile:

"_Nociare_, don't take on about it! It's a vile world we live in, full
of ungrateful wretches. Sailors, flat-feet.... Oh, yes, and put away
your umbrella, Luca! God sends us down water, and you refuse His gift?
Let us give our faces a wash, like this...."

He raised his muddy face to the sky. There still spattered down from
the clouds, which were reddening now at their ragged edges as they
moved towards the almost risen sun, an icy, stabbing drizzle.

"What are a few pins and needles?" he cried, throwing off a shower of
water like a horse, shaking his head and deliberately charging into
Pigna. Filthy as he was, from head to foot, and soaked to the skin by
the rain, he felt that he need no longer bother to keep himself dry
and clean, and had the satisfaction, as he wallowed whole-heartedly in
the mire, of being able to splash the others with impunity.

"Get away with you!" Pigna shouted at him. "Who asked you to come
here? Who wants your company? Who ever told you you could take such

Without turning a hair, Preola replied:

"I do love to see you in a rage! Mother earth, my dear fellow, mother
earth! I was trying to stick some of it on you.... Nature's seal? You
would run away from me, would you? And then you complain that other
people are ungrateful."

"Did you ever hear such impudence..." Pigna growled, as he turned to

But the latter was absorbed in his own thoughts, and walked on in
frowning indifference. He shrugged his shoulders as who should say
that he did not wish to be disturbed from his train of thought, and on
he went.

Preola followed them in silence for some way, keeping his distance,
gazing at each of them in turn.

He felt himself torn by a gnawing desire to be doing something, that
morning; what, he did not know. In another moment he would have begun
to howl like a wolf. To keep himself from howling, he opened his
mouth, gripped his lower jaw in his hand and pulled it down until he
had almost dislocated it. His only relief was to vent himself on the
pair of travellers; but what amusement was there in teasing Lizio? A
desperate fellow like that, and one moreover whose head was always in
the clouds. A twofold calamity, the suicide of his father, an
excellent lawyer but of unbalanced brain, followed by that of his
brother, had won him a certain sympathy in the place, in which horror
blended with pity, and a certain respect to boot. He studied hard and
spoke little, indeed he scarcely spoke at all. There was good reason
for this: he was able to pronounce barely half the alphabet. One thing
only brought him into derision, that he had found his barrel-organ in
Pigna, and organ and grinder invariably appeared together on
platforms. If Pigna went out of tune, he brought him back to the right
pitch, with the utmost gravity, plucking him by the sleeve. Social
Revolution... Brotherhood of Man... Stand Up for the Eights of the
Downtrodden ... big ideas, indeed! And perhaps that was why, in his
distraction, he had fastened meanwhile upon a crust of bread that
others had earned for him. He was doing well, oh rather! Only, with
this touch of cold in the air...

"A nice little pot of coffee, by God!" Preola burst out suddenly,
waving his arms in the air. "Three lumps of sugar, a jug of cream,
four slices of toast. Oh, Holy Souls in Purgatory!"

Luca Lizio turned sharply round to gaze at him. A cup of coffee was
just what was in his mind at that moment, behind those knitted brows;
he saw it and was almost intoxicated by it in imagination, as he
inhaled its steaming fragrance; and in the force of his desire
clenched the numbed fist in his pocket. Having started before dawn,
and in the bitterness of defeat, from Porto Empedocle, he was starved
with cold; he was longing to reach his destination. Abashed by this
base need, he felt himself to be wretched, deserving of comfort, of a
comfort which no one (he well knew) could provide.

A moment earlier, what with that dressed-up doll bolting off on his
white mare, and Preola standing there waiting for them, his lips
curved in a sneer, he had received a sudden strange impression of
himself, which had penetrated to the depths of his being and stirred
up a feeling that was entirely new to him, a feeling almost of
stupefaction at all his red rags, all his blazing furies, which in a
flash had revealed themselves to him, as though seen from outside, as
foolish and vain, there in the midst of that scene of utter squalor
and desolation. In the wretched emaciation of his body shivering with
cold and sticky with a viscid sweat, he felt that he resembled one of
those trees that rose from behind the crumbling walls, dead and
dripping. He too was dripping, with cold, from the tip of his nose,
and trickling from the peering, watery eyes behind his spectacles. He
had huddled himself together; and, as though that impression, after
plumbing the depths of his consciousness and vanishing in
stupefaction, had now closed round him with a crushing grip, he felt
himself a mass of aches; his narrow brows ached, and the sharp
protuberance of his back, over which the stuff of his summer jacket
had worn shiny, and the wrists exposed by the shortness of his
sleeves, and the soaked feet in his broken shoes. And everything
seemed to him now unbearable, an excess of cruelty: every fresh turn
in that road, become a torrent of mud; the crude light of dawn which,
notwithstanding the blackness of the clouds, struck a reflexion from
the mire which dazzled his eyes; but most of all the company of that
miserable scarecrow, spattered with mud from head to foot, mud without
and mud within, who kept goading Pigna to speak. He, being accustomed
for so many years now to remaining silent, felt a bewilderment that
grew more and more confused at his own silence, which, though no one
knew this, fed and waxed strong within him upon certain fantastic
impressions, such as that which he had just received, which he could
not have expressed in words to himself even, save at the cost of
forfeiting all faith in and support of his work. Marco Preola,
meanwhile, went on speaking, as though to himself:

"As for me, that's another matter; what am I? A vagabond; I deserve
all this and more. But look at the weather the Lord God sees fit to
send us, when two poor humanitarians are taking the road on a sacred
mission, after an irreverent crowd has driven them out, at night, with
a whipping!"

Pigna made as though to stop, quivering with rage; but Luca Lizio drew
him on with a clutch at his sleeve and an angry growl.

"Whipping... just you wait!" he muttered through his teeth. "I'll give
them a whipping, I will..."

"And I would take one from you, Nociare," Preola hastened to assure
him with a bow, "as sure as God's in Heaven! Why, do you know, you're
a hero! Stinking filth! Or is it I that am always smelling stinks....
The nose; something in the nose.... I ought not to smell them,
accustomed as I am to filth.... A true hero, Nociare! The common
people can't understand you. They can't understand you, because an
idea, unfortunately, has no eyes or legs or mouth. What has an idea
to say for itself? It speaks by the mouths of men. And the ignorant
masses are incapable of distinguishing between the idea and the person
who expresses it, do you follow me? You may sing like a nightingale,
and yet, my Nocio, you can have no effect. Suppose you say: 'Men and
women, humanity is on the march! I will teach you to march!' they are
quite capable of looking at the way you throw your shanks about, and
jeering: 'Just look at the fellow who wants to teach us to march!'"

"Ass!" roared Propaganda, who could contain himself no longer.
"Reasoning with the feet is what you call that."

"I? The people!" retorted Preola.

"The People, let me tell you," replied Pigna, rolling his eyes like a
madman; then suddenly he broke off. "Don't you dare to utter the word
People; you are not fit even to name the People! The People have
learned too much, my good man, let me tell you; and, first and
foremost, that your _patriots_ have deceived them...."

"Mine?" came with a laugh from Preola.

"Yours, the men who drove them into the Revolution of 1860, with
promises of a Golden Age! Not we! Not we, as you fellows go about
preaching! The patriots and the priests deceived them and are
deceiving them now! We, my good man, let me tell you, prove to them,
in so many words, with the proof in our hands, that (you follow me?)
by virtue of their own force (you follow me?)--by virtue, I repeat, of
their own force, not by any concessions from outside, they can, if
they choose, improve their condition."

"By force of their own virtue would be better," Preola observed
placidly, without thinking of what he was saying.

Pigna stared at him in astonishment. But the other at once made haste
to calm him:

"It's nothing, don't worry about it. It was only a joke!"

"By virtue... by virtue of their own force," Pigna went on in a low
tone, none too certain of himself, turning to Lizio to read in the
latter's eyes whether he had used the right words; and went on,
somewhat disconcerted: "To improve, yes, Sir, this unjust economic
system, under which men are living... that is to say, no... I mean,
yes... some men are living without working, and others, who do all the
work, cannot live! Do you follow me? We say to the People: 'You are
everything! You can do anything! Unite, and dictate your own law and
your own justice! '"

"Splendid!" exclaimed Preola. "Will you allow me to speak now?"

"Your own law and your own justice!" Pigna repeated, furious at the
interruption. "Speak, speak."

"You won't take offence?"

"I shall not take offence: speak."

"Were you or were you not, until recently, a sacristan?"

Propaganda turned round again to gaze at him in astonishment.

"What has that got to do with it?" To which Preola, calmly:

"Yon're not to take offence! Answer me."

"A sacristan, yes, Sir," Pigna courageously admitted. "Well? What do
you mean by that? That I've changed the colour of my coat?"

"Colour of your coat, indeed! That's nothing..."

"I have learned to know the priests, that is all!"

"And how to breed children," retorted Preola: "seven daughters, one
after another; can you deny that?"

Nocio Pigna stopped for the third time to gaze at him. He had promised
that he would not take offence. But what was the fellow driving at
with this string of questions? He had lost his post in the church
because one of his daughters, the eldest, and a certain Canon

"On condition that you keep off certain topics," he warned the other,
darkening and lowering his gaze.

"No, no, no," Preola broke out, placing his hand on his heart.
"Listen, Nocio, I am, 'by the universal judgment of the wise,' what is
commonly called a scoundrel. Is that clear? I have been eight months
_in quod_... think of that! And do you see this?" he added, pointing
to the scar on his cheek. "When I jumped _in river_, as they say in
Rome.... Yes, indeed!... You can imagine, then, whether certain things
can make any impression on me! Do you know, though, what has made an
impression on me? The fact that you, with that poor girl..."

"I told you, we were to keep off certain topics." "My dear sir,"
sighed Preola, shutting his eyes. "Let me go on.... You must know that
the people I fight against are the only ones for whom I feel any
respect. But these same people, naturally enough, since my... let us
say misfortunes, refuse to feel any for me, and would prevent me, if
they could, from living. I must live! In order to live I fight against
them and stand by the priests. Men do not forgive; God, on the other
hand, so the priests say, has forgiven me long ago; and on that
pretext they make use of me.... Look at this vast expanse, Nocio!" he
went on, pushing back his hat so as to expose his brow. "And there's
plenty of stuff behind it, you know! If things had gone the right way
with me.... But enough of that. I, you,... everything... just look!
Mud, mud, mud... Here we are, all three of us, up to our ankles in
the mud of this road. Let us speak plainly, openly, Holy God, for once
in a way! Let us state things nakedly and crudely, as they are,
without dressing them up in fine language. The naked truth, come; let
us give ourselves that pleasure! I am a swine, yes, but what are you,
Nociare? What do you do? What is your work, can you tell me that? Put
your hand on your heart, now, and tell the truth: you don't work at

"I?" exclaimed Pigna, astonished, stupefied, rather than offended by
the injustice of the remark, extending his arm and folding it over his
bosom with outstretched forefinger.

"You are working for the cause? Words!" Preola was ready with his
retort. "I asked you to tell me the naked truth! Instead of which you
clothe it, you cover it up, as you please, to quiet your conscience.
You did work... they turned you out of the church; then, from a
lottery office. ... Slander, yes, I know! Still, supposing you really
did pocket the half-pence of the idiots who came to bet in your shop,
do you imagine that I would call that wrong? You would have been
perfectly right! But now, what are you doing? Your daughters do the
work, and you eat and preach. And this other fellow here, this Saint
Luke the Evangelist.... What is it you call it? Free love. Very good:
words! The fact of the matter is that he has been going with another
of your daughters and..."

At this point Luca Lizio, livid, speechless, quivering with rage,
sprang forward with outstretched arms at Preola's throat. But the
other drew back with a laugh, caught hold of his arms and thrust him
away without undue violence.

"What are you doing?" he shouted at him, his eyes and teeth gleaming
with malicious joy. "What is the joke? I am telling you the truth."

"Let him rip!" Pigna here interposed, holding Luca Lizio back and
preparing to move on his way. "Don't you see that he makes it his
business to play the gadfly?"

"A gadfly, yes..." said Preola. "What part of you did I sting? Your
nakedness? Ah, we are naked and ashamed, my friends.... And in this
cold weather, too.... Let us cover it up quickly with the cloak of
charity! I was only trying to explain to you, dear Nocio, without
offending you, why you are unable to create any effect..."

"Because the people here are carrion!" cried Pigna, turing upon him
with a savage glare in his eyes.

"I quite agree!" Preola made haste to assure him. "And I myself...
carrion too, don't you mean? I agree! But you don't work; your
daughters do the work, and Luca eats and reads, and you eat and
preach. Now the people who do work, my dear fellow, and who hear you
preaching to them, 'Just look,' they say, 'who it is that wants to
save us! Nocio Pigna! _Propaganda_! That's the man!' And they burst
out laughing. You preach and you don't see yourself: you see the idea!
The people, however, don't see the idea; they see the man who is
preaching. You see them laugh, and you say: 'But why?'--puzzled,
pained, because at that moment you identify yourself entirely with
your idea, and can think of nothing else. But the audience facing you,
my dear fellow, see in you the quondam sacristan, the quondam lottery
clerk; they see a hunchback, a twisted cripple (it's God own truth);
they rememher that you are living upon your daughters, and--let us be
quite frank--how could you have any effect, my dear Nocio?"

Pigna made no reply; he shook his head several times and once again
muttered to himself:

"A lot of carrion! They ought to listen to me, if I am a hunchback or
a cripple.... And when have I ever said: 'I am saving you'? 'Your
salvation rests with yourselves,' is what I say. But go to Aragona, a
stone's throw from Girgenti; go to Favara, Grotte, Casteltermini,
Campobello, ... Who are they? Peasants and sulphur workers, poor
illiterates. Four thousand of them, at Casteltermini alone! I was
there last week; I was present at the formation of the Fascio..."

"With a lamp burning before the Madonna," inquired Preola. "Wasn't

"God is one thing, a priest is another, idiot!" Pigna replied

"And the bugles sounding the royal salute?"

"Discipline! Discipline!" exclaimed Pigna. "They're doing splendidly!
You ought to have seen them.... All ready and in earnest... four
thousand... a solid mass... they were like the earth itself, the earth
come to life, you know, moving and thinking... eight thousand eyes
conscious and looking up to you... eight thousand arms.... And my
heart turned in my bosom at the thought that only among ourselves,
here at Girgenti, the capital, at Porto Empedocle, a sea port, open to
trade: nothing! Nothing! One can do nothing! What dumb brutes they
are! Worse than brutes! But do you know how they live down at Porto
Empedocle? How the shipping of the sulphur is still being done? Do you

Marco Preola was tired: his head drooped, as he murmured:

"Porto Empedocle..."

And each of the three formed a mental image of that straggling village
by the sea which had grown in a few years at the expense of the old
town of Girgenti and had now become an independent _comune_. A score
of huts, originally, down there on the beach, with a short loading
stage of flimsy beams, known now as the Old Harbour, and a sea
fortress, foursquare and frowning, in which the convicts were kept at
hard labour, who subsequently, as the sulphur trade increased, had
thrown out the two broad reefs of the new harbour, one on either side
of the little wharf, which, by virtue of its landing stage, had
retained the honour of carrying the harbour master's office and the
white tower of the principal beacon.  Prevented from spreading inland
by the cliff of marl that overhung it, the village had extended
laterally along the narrow heach, and right up to the foot of the
cliff the houses were packed and squeezed together, almost on the top
of one another. The loads of sulphur were piled up along the beach;
and from morning to night there was a continuous rumbling of carts
which came loaded with sulphur from the railway station or even direct
from the nearest pits; an endless coming and going of barefooted men
and animals, and a din of quarrels and curses and cries blended with
the rumbling and whistling of a train which crossed the beach, making
alternately for each of the two breakwaters, constantly under repair.
Beyond the eastward arm the beach was fringed by the lighters, with
their sails furled at half mast; at the foot of the sulphur heaps were
the scales, upon which the sulphur was weighed before being loaded on
the backs of the carriers, known as _men of the sea_, who, barefoot,
in canvas trousers, each with a sack on his shoulders, pulled down
over his head in front and twisted round the back of his neck,
plunging waist-deep into the water, carried out their loads to the
lighters, which then, hoisting their sails, went out to unload the
sulphur into the holds of the trading steamers anchored in the harbour
or outside it.

"Slave labour," said Pigna; "it makes one's heart bleed, on cold days
in winter.... Bowed down under their loads, with the water up to their
bellies.... Men, do you call them? Beasts is what they are.... And if
you tell them that they could become men if they chose, they open
their mouths in a fatuous laugh and insult you. Do you know why they
are not putting landing stages on the breakwaters of the new harbour,
where the loading could be done more quickly and easily from carts or
trucks? Because the big pots of the place are the people who own the
lighters! And all the time, in spite of the fortunes they are making
out of the trade, the drains are still uncovered on the beach, and the
people die of fever; with the whole sea at their feet, there is no
supply of drinking water, and the people die of thirst! No one takes
any trouble; no one complains of the state of things. They are like a
lot of lunatics, all those men, bestialized in the war for profits,
a vile and savage war."

"But do you know, you really do speak well?" Preola expressed his
approval. "Do you know, you really have profited by all the sermons
you had to listen to as a sacristan?"

"_Bye bye_, as the English say!" Nocio Pigna went on, stretching out
his long arm with a menacing gesture. "There are three hundred
thousand of us, my boy, at this very moment. And you shall hear of us
again before long."


Having climbed to the summit of the road, from which the ground fell
away down the slope of the valley beyond, Placido Sciaralla was now
trotting along on Titina in the direction of Valsania, plunged in
fresh and even more complicated considerations after what he had heard
from Preola.

After a while he shrugged his shoulders and began to look about him.

There stretched out now, on his left, the smiling seaboard country,
covered with almond trees and olives. He was already in sight of Seta,
a hamlet of some fifty houses lining the highroad, clothes-shops and
taverns for the carters, most of them, from which exuded a keen and
acrid smell of must, a rich warm smell of dung, and the shops of
blacksmiths, locksmiths, wheelwrights, with a tumble-down house in the
centre, converted into a chapel for the Sunday services.

To avoid the gaze of these village yokels, all of whom knew him by
sight, Sciaralla turned along a bridle path that crossed the fields
and had soon gained the sanctuary of Valsania.

Apart from the vineyard, the object of Mauro Mortara's passionate
devotion and the pride of his life, and the ancient Saracen olive
grove, the almond grove and some acres of ploughland, and, in the wide
ravine farther down, the orchard, all of which formed the portion
reserved for Don Cosmo, all the rest was made over in small lots to
poor peasant portioners, not by the Prince himself, Don Ippolito, to
whom this estate belonged as well, but by subtenants of tenants, who,
not content with living a life of leisure in town on the toil of these
poor creatures, crushed and bled them with the most pitiless usury,
and with a complicated system of customary exactions. The usury arose
from the purchase of seed and various loans advanced during the year;
the exactions were even more unfair, and were levied at harvest time.
After toiling for a year, the so-called portioner saw carried away,
heap after heap, from his steading practically the whole of his crop;
the heaps for sowing, the heaps for feeding, and for the _lamp_, and
another for the _campiere_, and another for Our Lady of Sorrows, and
San Fran-cesco di Paola, and San Calogero, in fact for almost every
Saint in the Church calendar; so that as often as not he was left with
only the _solame_, that is to say the few sweepings of grain mixed
with chaff and dust which were left on the floors after threshing.

The sun had by this time risen, and Captain Sciaralla could see here
and there, over the expanse of the fields, the glittering reflexion
from some pool of rain-water or perhaps a piece of broken crockery.
The whole countryside was steaming as though a veil of mist hung and
quivered over it. Here and there, a group of those tumble-clown,
smoke-begrimed hovels which the peasants called _roba_, house, stable,
byre all in one; and the wife of one of these portioners emerging from
her door to tether the grunting little pig in the open, followed by
three or four fowls; outside the worm-eaten red door of the house
opposite, another woman was combing the head of a whimpering little
girl; while the men, with old and primitive ploughs drawn each by an
emaciated mule and a slow-moving donkey that strained every muscle in
the effort, barely scratched the surface of the soil, after the
preliminary watering it had received in the night.

All these poor folk, seeing Sciaralla approach on his white mare,
paused from their labours to salute him with reverence, as though it
were the Prince in person who was passing. Captain Sciaralla responded
with great dignity, raising his hand to his cap in a military salute,
and received these demonstrations of respect as a compensation in
advance for the humiliation that lay in store for him at the hands of
that savage old beast Mortara. A secret misgiving, however, spoiled
all the pleasure to be derived from these salutes: in a few minutes,
when he entered the other's domain, he would be assailed by the dogs,
those three mastiffs more savage than their master who had obviously
taught them to give him this greeting whenever he came. And Sciaralla
might shout himself hoarse while the creatures were bounding about
him, leaping as high as Titina's head while she, in her turn, skipped
like a sheep with terror: Mauro or the _curatelo_, Ninfa's Vanni,
would appear in his own good time to call the dogs off, after the poor
wretch had more than once seen death staring him in the face.

With these three mastiffs Mauro Mortara used to converse just as
though they had been reasonable beings. He used to say that men did
not understand dogs, but that dogs did understand men. "The trouble,"
he would say, "is that they, poor creatures, cannot express their
meaning to us; and so we imagine that they do not understand us and do
not listen."

Sciaralla however explained the phenomenon differently. These dogs
understood their master so perfectly because he was more canine than
themselves. And his theory seemed to receive fresh confirmation this

Mauro was stationed outside the villa; his three cronies on guard
round him, their noses pointing in the air. Well, on Sciaralla's
arrival, this time, they remained where they were (one of them even
yawned), as though they quite understood that their master would fill
their part to perfection.

"What do you want here, prowling about at this hour in the morning?"
was indeed all the greeting he had from Mauro, who pushed back the
hood of the rough greatcoat he was wearing and revealed his head,
hardened with its huge shaggy cap.

When vintage drew near, Mauro Mortara ceased to sleep at nights: he
kept watch over the vines, patrolling up and down the long alleys with
his three mastiffs. Perhaps he had been out there in the open all
through the night of storm that had just passed: he was quite capable
of it.

Sciaralla saluted him humbly, then, pointing to the dogs, asked:

"Can I dismount?"

"Dismount," growled Mauro. "What have you brought?"

"A letter for Don Cosmo," replied Sciaralla as he slid from the mare's

Sciaralla knew that it was forbidden for him to cross the threshold of
the villa, as though, with his uniform, he might desecrate that
tumble-down, rambling pile of a single storey: he who came from the
splendours of Colimbetra, where you could see your face reflected in
the very walls! The prohibition did not come, certainly, from Don
Cosmo, but from Mortara himself, who actually forbade him to tie the
mare to the rings fastened to the balustrade of the rustic stair. He
must hold her himself and remain standing there, outside, waiting, as
though he had come for alms.

No sooner did Mauro turn to go than the three dogs stole softly up to
Captain Sciaralla and began to sniff at him. The poor fellow, standing
there with a sinking heart, raised his eyes in supplication to
Mortara, who was climbing the stair.

"Don't you dirty your muzzles on those breeches!" said Mauro, after
calling the dogs to heel: then added, turning to Sciaralla: "I'm going
to send you out a mouthful of coffee, to keep your pecker up."

On reaching the landing, he prepared to give the recognized signal,
namely to bring the latch down three times on the pin inside; but, as
soon as he raised the latch, the door opened, and Mauro entered the
house exclaiming:

"Open? Open again? Was it you opened it?" he asked through the shut
door of the kitchen, which had opened for a moment to reveal the
nightcapped head of Donna Sara Alaimo, the housekeeper (not the
servant, oh dear no!) of Valsania.

"I?" shouted Donna Sara from inside the room. "I'm just getting up!"

And, hearing Mauro's step recede, she "made the horns," thrust out the
index and little fingers of her right hand, and brandished them after
him in a gesture of contempt.

Servant, nothing of the sort--not she: the idea of such a thing!
neither his servant, nor anyone's else, in that house. She had the
ember-fan in her hand, it was true, she was just going to light the
kitchen fire, but she was a real lady, a lady horn and bred, she was;
who could count eousinship with Stefano Auriti, the brother-in-law of
the Laurentano, and so, why, you might say, one of the family herself.

She had been at Valsania for many years looking after Don Cosmo, who
would perhaps never have felt any need of her services had not his
sister, Donna Caterina, sent her to him from Gir-genti, where, like a
perfect lady, poor thing, she was starving decorously to death.

At Valsania her days were spent in stroking the backs of two cats
(emasculated, as was proper), which followed her everywhere about the
house with tails erect; in saying rosaries of fifteen decades, and
endless mumbling of other prayers; but, to hear her talk, everything
was going well solely because she was there--but for her all would
have been at sixes and sevens! If the crops ripened, if the
fruit-trees bore, if the rain came when it was wanted.... In fact, she
behaved as though she ruled the universe.

Mauro could not abide her. And Donna Sara reciprocated his feeling
cordially; indeed, nothing gave her greater annoyance than to lay a
place for him too at table, since Don Cosmo had sunk so low as that,
as to bestow so high an honour upon a son of peasants who was little
better than a clodhopping peasant himself; yes indeed... while she,
Donna Sara, a real lady born and bred, remained in the kitchen and was
obliged to wait upon him. She went to the window and, seeing Captain
Sciaralla below, heaved a deep sigh and wailed inwardly:

"Ah, Placidino, Placidino! Let us offer it to the Lord as a penance
for our sins...."

Meanwhile Mauro had gone into Don Cosmo's bathroom.

Everything was old-fashioned and rustic in this old and neglected
villa: cracked and uneven the rough terracotta tiles of the floor; the
walls and ceilings black with smoke; the window-shutters and furniture
paintless and worm-eaten; and everything seemed to reek with an odour
of dry grain, parched straw, hay withered in the scorching heat of
those sun-baked fields.

In the bathroom Don Cosmo, in woollen drawers, his hairy chest bare,
his feet unstockinged in their old slippers, was preparing for his
regular ablutions, with a dozen sponges, great and small, laid out on
the washing stand. He sponged himself all over, every morning, even in
winter, with cold water; and this was his one pleasure in life: the
height of insanity, though, it seemed to Mauro who every morning, if
he washed at all, would wash "just the mug," as he himself put it,
meaning his face alone.

"Have you been sleeping with the front door open again?"

"Why not?" said Don Cosmo, as though surprised at such a question; and
went on, scratching his short, curling grey heard: "Come, now!"

"Will you never open your eyes?" Mauro pursued the point. "What have I
always said?  Great baby! We'll have to find a tutor, a nurse for
you.... Holy God, what sort of man are you? Didn't you read the
newspaper yesterday?  About those gallows birds who say they've
nothing to eat and are going to overthrow everything that we've shed
our blood to set up? The scoundrels!"

What with Mauro's frenzied gesticulations, Don Cosmo had not observed
that he had a letter in his hand, and had quietly begun to lather his
bald and highly polished scalp. Irritated by his calm, Mauro went on:

"And if they were all like you.... Gad, it's a lucky thing I'm here!
Old as I am, they would have me to reckon with! Me, do you understand?

"In that case," Don Cosmo said quietly, turning to face him, "I can
still sleep with the door open."

The newspapers, at Valsania, arrived only at long intervals, when
already converted to their humble and possibly more useful function of
wrapping parcels. Mauro used to straighten out the sheets with loving
care, passing his hands over them again and again to smooth out the
folds and creases; and, surmounting with monkish patience the enormous
difficulty of reading them (since it was only late in life that he had
taught himself to spell), would browse upon them for weeks at a time,
committing their contents to memory from beginning to end. Any news
was fresh to him, a distant echo of the life of the great world

In the last newspaper that had come into his hands thus by chance, he
had read, the day before, of a strike of sulphur workers in a village
of the province and of their forming themselves into a _Fascio di

"The vindication of the proletariat!"

Humph! He had made Don Cosmo explain these two long words, a Sibylline
utterance to him, and all night long, sheltering in his hut from the
pelting rain, had pondered and pondered, groaning with a holy horror
at these enemies of their country.

He did not deign to reply to this last speech of Don Cosmo, who, to
his mind, must have a screw loose also, but handed him Don Ippolito's

"One of his mountebanks brought it here: Sciaralla the Captain."

"For me?" asked Don Cosmo in surprise, scooping up the water in the
hollow of his hands. "Ippolito has written to me? Wonders will never
cease.... Open it, read it to me: my hands are wet...."

"Dry them, then!" Mauro told him curtly. "You know that I don't
choose to be mixed up in your brother's affairs. But it doesn't look
like his writing."

"Ah, Preola," observed Don Cosmo, studying the envelope.

The letter had been written by the secretary at Don Ippolito's
dictation, and was merely signed by him. As he read it, Don Cosmo
knitted his brows at the opening lines, then gradually relaxed the
tension of his forehead and eyes in a pained stupefaction; let his
eyelids droop; let the hand droop that held the letter.

"Ah, poor fellow.... So it is true...."

"What is?" growled Mauro, stung by curiosity.

"He's done for himself, done for himself," exclaimed Don Cosmo. "If he
yields that point, there's no way out of it... he's ruined...."

"Tell me what is the matter, holy devil!" repeated Mauro, growing more
and more curious.

But Don Cosmo only gazed at him for a while in silence, nodding his
head, as though he saw his brother standing before him and were
commiserating him bitterly.

"He asks me for the villa----" he answered at length, letting the
words fall from his lips one by one, "the villa, for Flaminio Salvo."

"Here?" asked Mauro, with a start, as though Don Cosmo had struck him
a blow in the face. "Here," he repeated, drawing back. "Flaminio
Salvo, in General Laurentano's villa?"

But Don Cosmo was not furious like Mauro at the imagined profanation
of the villa: what he did feel was a pained stupefaction at what was
implied by his brother's offer of hospitality to Salvo. A few days
earlier a friend of his, Leonardo Costa, who came now and then to see
him from the neighbouring seaport, had told him of the rumour that was
going round Girgenti of a forthcoming marriage between Don Ippolito
and Salvo's sister, a maiden lady of a certain age. Don Cosmo had
refused to believe it: his brother Ippolito was two years his senior,
a man of sixty-five; for the last ten years he had been a widower, and
had always seemed inconsolable, though he maintained his composure,
for the death of his wife, that dear, good woman.... Impossible! And

"You will answer no?" said Mauro menacingly, after a moment's silence.
Don Cosmo threw up his arms and sighed, his eyes shut: "It would be no
use! Besides..." "What?" Mauro interrupted him. "Salvo, that canting
money-lender, here? I shall walk out of the house, if he comes! Good
God, have you forgotten that his father went to the Te Deum when yours
was banished? And didn't he, he himself as a young man, guide the
Bourbon police to the house where Don Stefano Auriti was hiding with
your sister, when the nobles of Palermo sent the keys of the city to
Satriano in Caltanisetta? Have you forgotten all that? I remember
every word of it, as if it was in a printed book! Let him come to
Valsania, now, if you dare! But the General's room, no! Not that! The
key of the _camerone_ is in my keeping! There he shall not set foot,
or I kill him, take the word of Mauro Mortara!"

Don Cosmo did not stir, nor did he seem to awake from his pained
astonishment, at this long outburst. More than once he had been on the
point of giving Mauro to understand that the idea of a United Italy
had never entered the head of Gerlando Laurentano, his father, and
that the Sicilian Parliament of 1848, in which his father had served
for some months as Minister for War, had never suggested either an
Italian Confederation or annexation to Italy, but a self-contained
Kingdom of Sicily with a King of Sicily, that was all. This had been
the aspiration of all the good old Sicilians; an aspiration which, if
finally it had in certain respects been pushed farther, had never gone
beyond a form of Federation, in which each separate state was to
conserve its own liberty and autonomy. But he had never said anything
to him about it; nor did he think of saying anything now; but rather
allowed Mauro, snorting and quivering with rage, to turn his back on
him and go off to shut himself in the old Prince's room, a room as
sacred to him as the Country itself, the cradle of Freedom and now
almost its temple.

Down below, in the meantime, outside the villa, poor Sciaralla was
still waiting for the promised coffee: a sip of hot coffee, by Jove,
and a good blaze to warm himself at.... Waiting, waiting: until he
too forgot about them and began to worry over the delay in answering
the letter. He ought to have had the answer in his pocket overnight,
had he carried out Preola's instructions. He was thinking that by this
time the Prince, over at Colimhetra, had perhaps risen from his bed
and was asking his secretary for the answer. And here was he still
waiting for it! Did it take all this time to read the letter and jot
down a couple of lines in reply? Or could it be that Mortar a had
deliberately refrained from giving it to Don Cosmo?

And Captain Sciaralla groaned; he lost his temper, next, with Titina,
who would not remain still for an instant, tormented by the flies.

"Be quiet! Be quiet! Be quiet!"

Three tugs at the bridle. Titina closed her tearful eyes with so
sorrowful a resignation that Sciaralla at once repented of his ill

"You're right, poor girl! They haven't given you so much as a wisp of
hay either."

And he heaved a long sigh.

Finally Don Cosmo appeared at one of the windows of the villa. At the
sound of opening shutters, Sciaralla turned hurriedly to look up. But
Don Cosmo appeared surprised to see him still there. "Hallo, Placido!
What are yon waiting for?"

"Why, Excellency, the answer!" groaned the Captain, clasping his

Don Cosmo knitted his brows.

"Does it need an answer?"

"What!" Sciaralla replied in exasperation. "When I've been waiting
here for the last hour!"

There, he might have known it! That old ruffian had never said a word
about it!

"You're right, my boy, just wait a moment," said Don Cosmo, and
withdrew from the window.

He reflected that his brother attached great importance to even the
most trifling formalities (stuff and nonsense, he called them), and
would regard it as a deliberate insult, or, to say the least, a grave
discourtesy if he did not receive an answer; he therefore took up a
sheet of coarse paper yellow with age; dipped his clotted pen in a
bottle of rusty ink and, without sitting down, on the marble top of
the chest of drawers, set to work to frame an answer, which finally,
after immense pains, found expression in these terms:

Valsania, 22nd September, 1892.

My dear Ippolito,

You are perhaps not aware of the deplorable state into which this
tumble-down old shanty has fallen; I myself am the only person who
could possibly live in it, since I regard myself as already detached
from this wicked world, nor do I make any complaint! If you consider,
notwithstanding this, that there is no alternative to letting the
Salvo family come and vegetate here; be so good, please, as to warn
them that we have absolutely nothing here, and that they should bring
with them all their household gear and such other furniture as they
think they may need.

I have more to say and would say it, did I not feel that it would be
vain to hope that any argument of mine might prove effective. And so I
shall add no more, but remain

Your affectionate brother


He shut the envelope with a sigh and returned to the window. Captain
Sciaralla ran towards the house, took off his cap and caught the
letter in it.

"I kiss Your Excellency's hands!"

A spring, and he was in the saddle.

"Like the wind, Titina!"

_Bow-wow-wow_! The three mastiffs, startled from their sleep, ran
after him for a long way, to bid him farewell after their own fashion.

Don Cosmo remained at the window: his eyes followed the galloping
figure of Captain Sciaralla until it was hidden by a turn in the road;
then the growling, panting return of the three mastiffs, after their
futile pursuit and futile barking. When the three animals finally lay
down on the ground again, at the foot of the stair, stretched out
their heads over their forepaws and shut their eyes to return to their
interrupted slumbers, he, as he gazed down at them, shook his head
gently and smiled to hear, amid the surrounding silence, one of them
heave a deep sigh. In the light of this settling down again to sleep
and of this sigh, neither their barking nor their pursuit of
Scia-ralla seemed to him any longer to be futile. It was like this:
the three animals had protested against the coming of the man who had
disturbed their slumber; now that they supposed they had driven him
away, they shewed their wisdom by going to sleep again.

"For it is the wisdom of the dog," thought Don Cosmo, heaving a deep
sigh in his turn, "after he has eaten and satisfied the other needs of
the body, to let the rest of his time pass in sleep."

He looked at the trees that stood facing the villa: they too seemed to
him to be absorbed in an endless dream, from which the light of day,
the air that stirred their foliage, might try in vain to arouse them.
For some time now, the long faint rustle of their leaves in the wind
had wafted him a message, as though from an infinite distance, of the
vanity of all things and the crushing tedium of life.



AT the request of Flaminio Salvo, whose work at the bank, with all the
other business to which he had to attend, never left him a moment's
leisure, Ignazio Capolino, his former brother-in-law, and Nini De
Vincentis, a young friend of the family, came down next morning in a
carriage from Girgenti to Valsania to make the necessary arrangements
for the flitting: a duty that was highly gratifying to both, though
for different, indeed diametrically opposite reasons.

The carts, loaded up with furniture, had started some time in advance
from Girgenti and must already have arrived at Valsania. The
conversation between the pair in the carriage had turned to the
projected marriage between Donna Adelaide Salvo, Don Flaminio's
sister, and the Prince of Laurentano.

"No, no: it's too bad! It's too bad!" sneered Capolino. "Poor
Adelaide, it is too bad really, after waiting fifty years! Let us be
honest about it."

Nini De Vincentis kept on blinking, as though to confine within his
fine, almond-shaped, velvety black eyes his distaste for such mockery.
At the same time, the expression on his long sallow face was intended
to shew at least an attempt to smile, to shew that he saw the joke,
that he was making some response to Capolino's hilarity, immoderate
and unseemly as it was.

"Yes, a marriage in name!" the latter went on, implacably, since there
was no one to hear him (Nini, the good Nini, bread of angels, was less
than no one). "In name only, for, whatever we may say, be it good or
bad, the law is the law, my dear fellow. Religious and political
views, if they count at all, what figure do they cut compared with the
law? Now the Prince, as you know, makes it a _sine qua non_ that there
shall be a religious ceremony only; with his views, he cannot allow
anything more. And so, a marriage that will not be legally binding, do
you follow me? It will be a fine affair, oh! charming... it will
require courage too, that I don't deny: but what about poor Adelaide?"

And Capolino gave another sardonic laugh, as though, to his mind,
Adelaide Salvo was not the woman best fitted for this latter-day form
of heroism, which was being demanded of her, for this bold challenge
to society as lawfully constituted.

Nini De Vincentis remained silent, mumbling his lips, still stiffened
in a painful smile, in the hope that his silence might stem the
torrent of his companion's derision. The idea! Capolino only abounded
all the more.

"Why is she doing it?" he went on, as though conducting an examination
of the mature bride in question. "To get into society, with all the
privileges of a lady? I should say it was the way out of society, if
anything. She is going to shut herself up at Colimbetra! And, a
monastic enclosure in every sense of the word, don't you know? The
Prince, to say the very least, must be a man of five or six and

He broke off at a gesture of protest from De Vincentis.

"Why, my dear fellow! Oh, I know, you profess to be a perfect angel,
but this is a question of marriage; and one has to think of such
things, when a man has reached that age.... _Vis, vis, vis_--why, the
priests say as much themselves. And so, society can be ruled out. She
becomes a Princess, you say, and Princess of Laurentano: let us say,
Queen of Colimbetra! Very good: but to me, to you, to all of us who
regard a church marriage not merely as superior to the civil rite, but
as the only real and valid rite; the rite which, being sufficient in
the eyes of God, ought to be more than sufficient in the eyes of men.
The rest of humanity, however, are under no obligation to recognize
and respect her, outside the walls of Colimbetra, as Princess of
Laurentano; Landino, for instance, the son of the former marriage, is
not obliged to respect her as his mother-in-law. What else is there,
then? Money... she is not doing it for that reason, certainly, seeing
all the money there is in her own family. If she were doing it for
that, poor Adelaide, I'm greatly afraid she might end up like

Here Capolino laughed again, but his laughter was like the spluttering
of a snail in the fire.

After an endless struggle, he had succeeded in obtaining as his wife a
sister of Flaminio Salvo, almost a hunchback, younger by two years
than Donna Adelaide; and in creating an enviable position for himself
with her dowry. A dream of prosperity, alas! A sorry world, and sorry
are they that put their trust in it! Five years later, his wife having
died, and, worst of all, died childless, he had been obliged to refund
her dowry to Salvo, and had relapsed into his former state, with an
endless supply of ideas, each one finer and more daring than the last,
in his fertile brain, ideas which, in an instant, had been deprived of
the blessed support of cash. He had allowed himself six months of
profound grief, followed by six more of invincible melancholy, hoping
by one or other of these demonstrations to melt the heart of Salvo's
remaining sister, who was none other than Donna Adelaide herself.

But Donna Adelaide's heart was not so easily softened: strongly
guarded within the stout and ample fortress of her bosom, it had for
two years held out against his siege, a siege of polite attentions,
courtesies, devotion; it had finally repulsed and summarily routed a
supreme and decisive assault, and Capolino had been obliged to beat an
orderly retreat. Six months more of profound grief, of invincible
melancholy; and then, finally, armed with a second wife, young, pretty
and extremely vivacious, he had returned under better auspices to the
assault of Flaminio Salvo's household.

Malicious gossip said that it was thanks to Nicoletta Spoto, that is
to say his young, pretty and extremely vivacious wife, who had at once
become almost a regular companion to Donna Adelaide and to Don
Flaminio's only daughter, Dianella Salvo, that Capolino had dropped
into a post at the bank as its secretary and legal adviser. But if we
listened to what every little bird has to say.... For the last year he
had been living in luxury and abundance; both he and his wife made use
of Salvo's carriage as though it were their own; an accomplished
horseman, every Sunday he might be seen swaggering up and down the
Viale della Passeggiata on a magnificent chestnut out of Salvo's
stable; finally, with the latter's unqualified support, he had managed
to create himself, to have himself accepted as leader of the militant
clerical party, who, upon the retirement of the Deputy Fazello, would,
in the next few days, offer to adopt him as their candidate in the
approaching general election. To the pure soul of Nini De Vincentis it
never occurred for an instant to suspect that all this bitterness on
Capolino's part towards Donna Adelaide might have a secret,
unconfessable reason. As he did not suppose that anyone could ever
have been aware of his own timid, pure, burning love for Dianella
Salvo, Don Flaminio's now invalid daughter, so he had never been
conscious in the past of Capolino's vain, persistent siege of Donna
Adelaide, nor did he now believe one word of the malicious
tittle-tattle at the expense of that dear Signora Nicoletta,
Capolino's new wife.

Nini De Vincentis was incapable of discovering an ulterior motive in
anyone; nor would the thought of money ever have flashed across his
mind. In this respect, he was like a blind man. For years on end,
indeed, after the death of his parents, he had let himself be robbed,
himself and his elder brother Vincente, by a dishonest agent, Don Jaco
Pacia by name, who had managed to get his affairs into such a tangle
that poor Nini, having some time ago demanded a written statement of
his accounts, had felt his brain reel when he examined it. And he had
been obliged to go for the first time to Salvo's bank for an advance
upon his securities. After this he had been obliged to return again
and again to the same bank; and finally, acting upon the advice of his
agent, had suggested that Salvo should cancel the debt by taking over
the splendid property of Primoscie, an offer which Salvo had
immediately accepted, acquiring at the same time the eternal gratitude
of Nini, who naturally had not the slightest suspicion of a secret
agreement between Pacia, his agent, and the banker. He was in love
with Dianella Salvo, and could look upon Don Fla-minio in no other
light than as her father.

Now he would have given anything for the girl, who had just escaped by
a miracle from an attack of typhoid, to go and recuperate at
Primosole, in what had been his mother's old home, where everything
would have spoken to her of him, with the melancholy, tender sweetness
of maternal memories. But the doctors had advised Salvo to give his
daughter sea air. And Nini thought, with regret, that down by the sea
at Valsania he would have only the rarest opportunities of going to
see her. He took comfort for the moment in the thought that he would
be superintending the preparation of her room, the nest which was to
shelter her for the next few months.

As though Capolino had read the thoughts of his young friend, whose
ingenuous aspirations he had long since and without difficulty
discerned, he concluded his opening speech, after his outburst of
laughter, with a "That will do!" and went on, rubbing his hands:

"We shall be there in a moment. You will be looking after Dianuccia's
room, eh? I shall see to Donna Vittoriona's." Nini, plunged in
confusion at finding his thoughts read like this, shewed a keen
anxiety on behalf of the latter lady, who was Salvo's wife, and had
been for many years insane.

"Yes, yes," he said, "we must take care, Heaven help her, that this
change of scene does not upset her too much...."

"There's no fear of that!" Capolino interrupted him. "You'll see that
she doesn't even notice it. She will go calmly on with her
interminable knitting, which (_on dit_) is a mile long already. She
knits stockings for the Almighty, you know. Night and day.... And she
tries to make the two Vincentian Sisters who look after her work at
them with her...."

Nini shook his head sorrowfully.

The carriage, a little way beyond the Seta, turned into the grounds of
Valsania from the high road. The gate had collapsed: one half of it
only, covered in rust, remained standing, fastened to a pillar; the
other pillar had long since crumbled in pieces. The carriage drive
running across this other part of the estate, which also was let out
to portioners, was neglected like everything else, half-hidden by
tufts of grass, among which might be seen the fresh ruts left that
morning by the carts with the furniture.

Nini De Vincentis gazed about him upon this scene of desolation,
without saying a word, but Capolino, that devil of a talker, Capolino,
the inexhaustible windbag, went on talking for them both.

"The invalid," he said, with a grimace, "won't find life here very
cheerful, what do you say?"

"It is pretty gloomy," sighed Nini.

"I don't mean only the place," Capolino went on, "I am thinking of the
people here as well. A pair of specimens, my dear fellow! You'll see
them in a minute. Mah... This country holiday is being taken more for
Donna Adelaide, who is not coming down, than for Dianuceia, who may
perhaps suspect as much and will bear it calmly as usual, in her love
for her aunt.... Ah! He's a great man, Flaminio, whatever you may

"The air here is good, though," the young man observed, seeking to
attenuate, to some slight extent, his companion's harsh judgment of

"Excellent, excellent," agreed Capolino, and, from that moment,
withdrew into a frowning silence in which he remained absorbed until
they reached the villa.


The carts had just arrived, together with the basket chaise which had
brought a couple of Salvo's menservants, a maid and two upholsterers.
Donna Sara Alaimo, on the landing at the head of the stair, was
clapping her hands in jubilation at the sight of those four mountains
of finery on the carts below. "Be quick and unload them!" Capolino
told the servants and drivers, as he sprang from the carriage,
brandishing his cane in the air. Then, racing up the stairs, he
inquired of Donna Sara, "Don Cosmo?"

And without waiting for an answer he made his way into the old barn of
a house with Nini De Vincentis, who followed in his footsteps like a
stray dog.

"Unload!" one of the servants echoed, mimicking, to his comrades'
merriment, the tone of voice and imperious gesture of this
self-appointed master.

Don Cosmo was running frantically from one to another of the rooms
freshly scrubbed out by Donna Sara, who for the last twenty-four
hours, ever since she had heard that the Salvo family were coming, had
been making a great to-do, and had even persuaded Don Cosmo to have
the rooms cleared of their decrepit furniture, so that the millionaire
guests might not see such tokens of poverty in a princely house.

"Most honourable Don Cosmo!" exclaimed Capolino, running him to earth
at last in one of the rooms, after he too had run all over the house
in search of him. "All in disorder, eh? Perbacco!"

"No, no," Don Cosmo hastened to reply, so as to cut short any pretence
of ceremony, his nostrils wrinkling at the acrid smell of mould which
infested the house, still damp after its recent and unaccustomed
cleansing. "I was looking for some corner where I can sit without
being in anybody's way."

Capolino was about to protest; but Don Cosmo stopped him:

"Let me explain! I seek my own convenience and theirs at the same
time: is that right? Keep covered, pray, keep covered!"

He raised his hand, as he spoke, to caress the trim little black tuft
on the chin of Nini De Vincentis.

"You've grown into a fine man, my boy! And I, good Lord, have grown
into an old one! And your brother Vincente? Still at his Arabic?"

"Still!" replied Nini, with a smile.

"Ah! Those fourteen volumes of Arabic manuscripts must be pressing
like fourteen millstones, in the world beyond, on the soul of Conte
Lucchesi-Palli, who insisted on presenting them to our Library to be
the poor boy's ruin!"

"He has deciphered ten of them already," said Nini. "He has still
four left... so big!"

"He must hurry up and finish them!" Don Cosmo concluded in a fatherly
tone. "And you too, my boy, you should keep an eye on your affairs: I
know things aren't going any too well. ... Use your judgment!"

Capolino, meanwhile, at the window, was making the open pane serve him
as a looking-glass, and smoothing the short mutton-chop whiskers,
already slightly grizzled, that adorned his cheeks. He was not
handsome, but had a pair of keen and fervent eyes, which prevented one
from noticing the harsh irregularity of his features, and gave a
pleasing animation to the whole of his lean dark face.

Hearing a lull in the conversation between Laurentano and Nini, he
pretended to be engaged in trying to settle the orientation of the

"A southern exposure, this, isn't it? But you have chosen this room
for yourself, perhaps, Don Cosmo?"

"Any room will do for me," replied Laurentano. "There are plenty of
spare bedrooms, you'll find, but they're all like this, in the most
wretched condition.... It is all old, avvocato, it is all old.... Now,
if we go out by this door ... (no, you are not to stand on ceremony:
really, what point is there in saying a thing is not old when it is?
You have only to look at it!) I was saying, if we go out by this door,
we come to this long corridor, which divides the house in two: all the
bedrooms on this side face the south; those on the other side, the
north. The entrance hall bisects the corridor, and splits the villa
into two identical wings, except that at this end we have a big room,
the door of which is behind me, and at the other end we have a
terrace. It's quite simple." "Good, good, good," Capolino expressed
his approval. "Then we have a big room as well?"

Don Cosmo smiled and shook his head; then proceeded to explain what
this _camerone_ was, what state it was in and who was its guardian.

"Good God!" exclaimed Capolino.

"It would be better, therefore," Don Cosmo concluded, "if you were to
settle in the other half of the house, where you'll be undisturbed. I
had chosen this room for myself on purpose..."

Capolino once more agreed; and, as the servants had already brought
the first load upstairs, made off with Nini to the other wing. Don
Cosmo remained in the bedroom, to which, with the help of Donna Sara,
he transported all his books. The poor housekeeper, feeling the weight
of all this learning, could not for the life of her understand how Don
Cosmo, who had absorbed it all into his person, could continue to live
in the clouds as he did. Don Cosmo, his nostrils still wrinkled, could
not for his part understand why there was such a damp smell everywhere
that morning. But perhaps he did not distinguish clearly between the
smell and the annoyance he derived from the thought that from now
onwards, by the coming of his guests, all his old lazy habits would be
shattered, and for an indefinite period!

Presently Capolino returned, leaving the other wing of the house to De
Vincentis, who had shewn a far greater capacity for the work in hand:
so at least he declared. As a matter of fact, he came to put into
execution one of the objects for which he had readily undertaken to
act for Salvo: namely, that he might discover Don Cosmo's attitude
with regard to his brother's marriage, or "feel his pulse" in the
matter, to use his own expression.

There seemed no hope now that the marriage might come to nothing; but,
knowing the discrepancy, indeed the incompatible opposition between
Salvo's and Don Cosmo's thoughts and feelings, he liked to suppose
that some friction, some actual conflict might arise from the former's
stay at Valsania. Don Cosmo's was so abstract and solitary a spirit
that the life of the world could not succeed in penetrating his
consciousness with all its fictions and artifices and persuasions,
which spontaneously transfigure it for most people; and often, for
that reason, from the frozen peak of his stoical indifference, he let
fall like an avalanche the most naked of truths.

"Oh, what a lot of books!" exclaimed Capolino as he entered the room.
"But you still keep on studying... Romagnosi, Rosmini, Hegel, Kant

As he read each name on the backs of the books he opened his eyes
wider, as though punctuating the names with marks of exclamation that
grew longer and longer. "Philosophy, eh?"

"Poetry!" sighed Don Cosmo, waving his hand vaguely in the air, and
closing his eyes.

"What's that you say, Don Cosmo? I don't understand."

"Why, yes," Laurentano assured him, with a fresh sigh. "For study, my
dear sir, there is little or nothing: what there is is enjoyment of
the grandeur of the human intellect, which on a hypothesis, that is to
say on a cloud (you follow me?) builds up castles, pinnacles and
towers: all these various systems of philosophy, my dear avvocato,
which seem to me... do you know what they seem to me? churches,
chapels, shrines, temples, of different styles, poised in the air ..."

"Ah yes, I see..." Capolino tried to interrupt him, fingering the back
of his neck.

But Don Cosmo, who never spoke as a rule, his one responsive chord
having been struck, could not restrain himself:

"Breathe, and the whole structure collapses; breathe, and all these
castles which tower like mountains crumble, because there is nothing
inside them: a void, my dear sir, all the more crushing the taller and
more solemn the structure is: a void and the silence of the

Capolino had withdrawn into his shell, to collect his thoughts,
stimulated by the passion with which Don Cosmo spoke, to reply, to
bring him down to earth; and waited anxiously for an opportunity; when
it came, he broke out:

"And yet..."

"No, there's nothing to be said! Let us drop the subject!" Don Cosmo
at once cut him short, laying a hand on his shoulder. "All nonsense,
my dear avvocato!"

Fortunately, at that moment, Mauro Mortara down below, on the lawn
that flanked the villa, on the side looking towards the vineyard and
the sea, began to summon with his invariable cry of "Pe-ew, pe-ew,
pe-ew" the innumerable flock of pigeons which he was in the habit of
feeding twice daily.

Don Cosmo and Capolino went out on the balcony. Nini too leaned out
to watch from the railings of the farthest balcony at the end of the
house, while the menservants and maids and upholsterers looked down
from the terrace.

The white ferment of wings invariably ended in a tremendous scrimmage,
since the ration of peas had long remained unaltered, while the
pigeons had multiplied beyond reckoning and lived now almost in a wild
state, scattered about the estate and the surrounding fields. They
knew their dinner-hour, however, and would arrive punctually, in dense
whirring clouds, from all directions; cooing impatiently, in a great
tumult, they would invade the roofs of the villa itself, of the
peasants' houses, the straw rick, the dovecot, the barn, the mill and
the wineshed; and if Mauro was at all behind time, forgetting them or
absorbed in his own memories, a numerous deputation would flutter down
from the roofs and go in quest of him, through the door of his well
known room in the basement: the deputation would gradually swell into
a crowd, until presently the whole lawn was aswarm with fluttering
wings and cooing throats, while ever so many more remained hovering in
the air, finding no room to alight.

"Stupendous, a stupendous sight!" Capolino kept on exclaiming.

Yes, and the only sight in which Don Cosmo took any pleasure. On
hearing the clamorous whirr of all those wings he would always rise
from table and go out to the balcony to watch. Besides, it was the
signal for his own dinner as well. Having scattered the peas round him
several times and finally emptied the basket over the pigeons, Mauro
would come upstairs, and the two of them would sit down together.

Don Cosmo remembered with annoyance that on this occasion, however,
Mauro would not be coming up; he had said to him overnight:

"This is the last time that I feed with you. Because you will do me
the courtesy of believing me when I say that I will not sit down to
table with Flaminio Salvo."

Now, on the lawn beneath, he was standing among his pigeons with
lowered head. Capolino watched him from the halcony, as though he had
some rare animal hef ore his eyes.

"Do I speak to him?" he whispered to Don Cosmo.

The latter made a negative sign with his hand.

"A bear, what?" Capolino went on. "But a fine type!"

"A bear," Don Cosmo repeated, as he withdrew from the balcony.


A few minutes later, in the dining-room in the other part of the
house, which had meanwhile been richly furnished by the upholsterers,
Capolino made a fresh attempt to "feel Don Cosmo's pulse" in the matter
we know of. He certainly would not repeat the mistake of leading the
conversation to the books of philosophy.

Don Cosmo was lost in admiration of the room, which had suddenly been
made unrecognisable.

"A perfect miracle!" he exclaimed, bringing his hand down upon the
shoulder of Nini De Vincentis. "One might be at Colimbetra!"

Capolino at once caught the ball in its flight.

"You haven't been there for years and years, to Colimbetra, eh?"

Don Cosmo thought for a moment.

"About ten..." and remained lost in meditation, without saying another
word. But Capolino, baiting his question so as to force an answer:

"When your sister-in-law died there, wasn't it?"

"Yes," was Laurentano's dry response.

And Capolino sighed:

"Donna Teresa Montalto... what a lady! what a loss! A true lady of
the old school!"

And, after a pause, heavy with feigned grief, a fresh sigh, of a
different kind:

"Mah! _Cosa bella mortal passa e non dura_"

Donna Sara Alaimo, the housekeeper, who at the moment was waiting at
table, seeking to raise herself in the eyes of the guests from her
humble and unbefitting state, was tempted to interpose, and asked
timidly, with a wistful smile:

"Metastasio, isn't it?"

Nini turned round and gazed at her in bewilderment; Don Cosmo shaped
his lips to emit a special laugh of his own, consisting of a triple
"Oh, oh, oh!" loud, deep and sombre. But Capolino, seeing that there
was a risk of his breaking the eggs in his basket just at the
propitious moment, retorted crossly:

"Leopardi, Leopardi..."

"Petrarch, excuse me, dear avvocato, Petrarch!" Don Cosmo protested
with outspread hands. "I appeal to Nini!"

"Oh, of course, Petrarch, what a fool I am! _Muor giovine colui che al
ciclo e caro_..." Capolino at once continued the quotation. "I was
thinking of something else.... And so you... so you have never seen
your brother again since?"

Don Cosmo suddenly resumed his somnolent air; half shut his eyes;
nodded his head in assent.

"Always buried alive down here!" Capolino proceeded to explain to De
Vincentis, as though the latter were not aware of this. "Different
tastes, I can understand... indeed, diametrically opposed, since Don
Ippolito is fond of... of company, can't do without it.... And
perhaps, if I may say so, after his loss, he would have greatly
preferred not to be left alone, without any of his family round
him.... But, with you here; his son always in Rome... and..."

Don Cosmo, who had by this time grasped, but in his own way,
Capolino's purpose, to cut him short came out with:

"And so he does right to marry again, you mean? We are quite of one
mind as to that! But you know," he went on, turning to Nini, "my fine
fellow, haven't you made up your mind yet?"

Nini, finding himself thus suddenly drawn into the conversation,
turned crimson:


"Look how he's blushing!" exclaimed Capo-lino, and burst out laughing,
in his rage.

"Then there is some one?" Don Cosmo inquired, tapping his chest with
his finger, over the heart. "I should just think there was!"
exclaimed Capolino, laughing louder than ever.

Nini, on pins and needles, mortified, shocked by this unseemly
laughter, protested with marked emphasis:

"I assure you, there's absolutely nothing of the sort! Please don't
say such things!"

"Of course not! San Luigi Gonzaga!" Capo-lino went on, prolonging his
forced laughter. "Or rather... why, yes, where's Donna Sara? he is,
really, Metastasio, a Metastasio hero, Don Cosmo! Or, shall we say,
an angel... but not one of the angels they have at Alcamo, remember!
Do you know, Don Cosmo, that at Alcamo they call the little pigs

Nini became genuinely distressed; turned pale; and said in a firm

"You annoy me, avvocato!"

"I shan't say another word!" Capolino promised, recovering his

Don Cosmo remained uneasy, without understanding at first what had
happened; then opened his mouth to emit an "ah!" which stuck in his
throat. Could it be a question, perhaps, of Salvo's daughter? Why, of
course.... It had never occurred to him. He had never yet seen her.
But of course! Excellent! A fortune for this dear Nini! And he could
not help saying to him:

"Don't distress yourself, my boy. It's a very serious matter. You have
no time to lose, in your position."

Nini was writhing in his chair, as though trying to endure without
screaming the pricking of a hundred pins all over his body. Capolino
held his breath and waited for the avalanche to fall. Don Cosmo was
unable to account for the effect that his words had produced, and
looked in bewilderment at each of the others in turn.

"Have I said something wrong?" he asked. "Forgive me. I shan't say
another word either."

Nini was truly living in heaven, in a heaven lighted by a special sun
of his own which was waiting there ready to rise, which had not yet
risen and would perhaps never rise. He let it stay there, behind the
rugged mountains of reality, and preferred to remain in the vain,
roseate light of a perpetual dawn, since his sun, when it did rise,
was not ever to set again, and the shadows, of necessity, remained
tenuous and almost diaphanous. He had already been assailed by the
doubt that Salvo, at present, might not be disposed to listen to his
proposal of marriage, supposing that he were to force himself to make
it. But he had always shrunk from considering and weighing that doubt,
in order not to disturb the spotless dream of his whole life. And, not
because this doubt had proved an obstacle, but because he did really
lack the courage to translate into action an ideal which he had
maintained at so lofty an altitude, that he almost feared to see it
shattered by the slightest contact with reality, he had never made up
his mind, not indeed to make a formal proposal, but even to come to an
understanding with Dianella Salvo. And now, the suspicion that he
might be doing so in view of the girl's dowry, which would
re-establish his own financial position, caused him acute pain,
poisoned for him all joy in this service which he had rendered for
love, but which might however appear to have had a baser motive; and,
as though all of a sudden his sun had fallen from the sky, all at once
the world grew dark about him, and when the rooms had been put in
order, and he, his throat choking with anguish, had made a final tour
of inspection, he was unable to bestow, as he had intended, on the
pillow on Dianella's bed his kiss of welcome, that she, unawares,
might find it there, that night, when she retired to rest.


Meanwhile Don Cosmo and Capolino, a pair of tiny black dots beneath
the soaring arch of a sky that smouldered with the fire of the setting
sun, had left the house and were strolling up and down the long
straight avenue, forming a sort of hem on the left side of the crest
from which a wide and deep ravine, known as the vallone, ran abruptly

It seemed as though some convulsion of the earth's surface had rent
the tableland asunder at that point and poured it down towards the

The estate of Valsania lay on one side, its farthest olives running
down into the ravine, a gulf of ashen shadows, out of which arose
mulberries, carubs, oranges, lemons, rejoicing in a rivulet of water
which ran down from a spring that burst from the ground at the head of
the ravine, in the mysterious cave of San Calogero.

On the other side of the ravine, at a corresponding level, were the
wooded lands of Platania, which to the south towered menacingly over
the railway line, where, emerging from its tunnel beneath Valsania, it
followed the coastline as far as Porto Empedocle.

The band of flame and gold of the sunset broke up into a marvellous
fantastic patchwork seen through the intense green of the distant
trees, across the ravine. On the near side, over the almonds and
olives of Valsania, the first cool shades of evening, tender, light
and melancholy, were already hovering.

This twilight hour, when the things around him in the gathering dusk,
retaining more intensely the last light of day, seemed almost to be
enamelled in their several colours, was more sacred than any other to
Don Cosmo in his solitude. He kept constantly in mind his sense of his
own precarious existence in the place of his habitation, nor did he
let this distress him. This feeling, which melted lightly and vaguely
into the impenetrable mystery of the world around him, made every
responsibility, every thought, an intolerable burden. We may imagine,
then, how shattering he must have found Capolino's conversation, which
kept turning with fervour to the success of Salvo's undertakings, to a
great scheme which he was planning at the moment, with the manager of
his sulphur pits, the engineer Aurelio Costa, for improving the
conditions of the sulphur industry, which for many years past had been

"A new kind of conscience, his," said Capolino. "Lucid, precise and
complex, Don Cosmo, like a modern machine, of steel. He always knows
what he is doing, and never makes a mistake!"

"Lucky fellow! Lucky fellow!" Don Cosmo repeated, with half shut eyes,
and an air of resigned endurance.

"And a true believer, you know!" Capolino went on. "A religious man!"

"Lucky fellow!"

"It's a marvel how, with all his responsibilities, he manages to find
time to bother about our Party. And how zealously he has embraced our

Presently, however, Capolino changed the subject, observing that Don
Cosmo had ceased to listen to him. He drew closer to him, laid a hand
on his arm, and said quietly, with a sorrowful air: "That poor Nini!
I'm certain he's crying now, don't you know, just because we teased
him a bit at table. Desperately in love, poor boy! But the girl, eh?
No, alas, she's not for him...."

"Is she engaged to somebody else?" asked Don Cosmo, coming to a halt.

"No; not officially, no!" Capolino promptly assured him. "But... this
is between ourselves, though, please: you mustn't breathe a word of
it! My belief is, dear Don Cosmo, that the girl is really less sick
in body than in mind."

"Touched, eh?"

"Touched. That is perhaps the one thing her father has done wrong.
There Flaminio made a mistake... yes, there are no two ways about it,
he made a mistake!"

Don Cosmo stopped again, nodded his head several times and said, in
his most serious tone:

"So you see that even he can be mistaken, my dear avvocato."

"Well, when the devil, you know, had him properly caught that time!"
Capolino went on. "You know, of course, that Flaminio... it must be ten
years ago; no, what am I saying, fifteen years ago at least; anyhow,
fifteen years ago, more or less, he came within an inch of
drowning.... Didn't you know that? Why, bathing in the sea, at Porto
Empedocle. An absurd business, believe me, absurd and terrible at the
same time! All for a pair of pumpkins...."

"Pumpkins? Tell me about it," said Don Cosmo, stirred by unwonted

"Why, yes," Capolino went on. "He was bathing, at the Casotti. He
can't swim, and, to be on the safe side, was keeping within the
enclosure, where the water came more or less up to his chest. Suddenly
(the devil take them!) he saw a pair of pumpkins bobbing along towards
him, which some boy or other had presumably left in the sea. He took
hold of them. As he stood crouching down, so that the water should
come up to his neck (what a sorry figure a man cuts in the water, my
dear Don Cosmo, a man who can't swim!), he had the unlucky inspiration
to put the pair of pumpkins underneath him, as a support, with the
string that held them together; he sat down on the string, and, as the
pumpkins, naturally, floated on, and he had let go of the fence to see
whether they were strong enough to keep him afloat with his feet off
the bottom, suddenly, plump! he lost his balance and slipped over head
downwards, under the water!"

"Oh, I say!" exclaimed Don Cosmo in alarm.

"You can imagine," Capolino went on, "how he began splashing with his
feet to regain his balance. But, as ill luck would have it, his feet
became entangled in the string of the pumpkins, and, struggle as he
might under the water, he could not succeed in getting them free."

"Don't, please! oh dear, oh dear!" gasped Don Cosmo, with a convulsive
tightening of his fists and all his features.

But Capolino went on:

"You will admit that it was really absurd for a man to be on the point
of drowning in an enclosed bathing place, with crowds of people round
him, who never noticed him and never came to his rescue, not
suspecting for a moment that he was struggling there with death
staring him in the face! And he would have been drowned, as sure as
God's in heaven, had not a boy of thirteen--this Aurelio Costa, who is
now a qualified engineer and manager of Salvo's sulphur pits at
Aragona and Comitini--caught sight of a pair of feet kicking
desperately on the surface and gone over to him, greatly amused, to
set him free."

"Ah, I begin to understand," said Don Cosmo. "And now the

"The daughter... the daughter..." Capolino chewed the word.
"Flaminio, you will understand, had to discharge his debt to the boy,
and discharged it in proportion to the danger he had run and the
terror he had felt. They told him that the boy was the son of a poor
weighman on the beach where the sulphur is loaded..."

"Costa, yes, Leonardo Costa," Don Cosmo broke in. "He's a friend of
mine. He comes up here to see me sometimes, on Sundays, from Porto

"You know, then, that he works for Flaminio now?" Capolino went
on. "Flaminio took himi from the scales and gave him a job in his big
sulphur deposit on the east shore. As for his son Aurelio, he
determined to make the boy's fortune, without counting the cost; not
only that, but he took him away with him, brought him up in his own
house, with his own children, Dianuccia and the other one, the little
boy that died. That tragedy, too, must certainly have helped to
increase his affection for the boy. Affection, though, I should say,
up to a certain point only. For the same reason for which he would not
give his daughter now to Nini De Vincentis, he would never give her, I
imagine, to Aurelio Costa, his dependent, remember!"

"Mah!" Don Cosmo exclaimed, shrugging his shoulders. "With all his
money, and with an only daughter..."

"Why, no... no..." replied Capolino. "I quite admit that if anything
were to happen to him, all his fortune would be bound to pass to
somebody, to his son-in-law, whoever his son-in-law might be. But
Flaminio will take good care to choose his man first! He's not the
sort of person to indulge in rosy dreams of romance. His daughter
may.... Yes, and romance in the true sense of the word, mind! Because
the true nature of her secret malady has come to my knowledge, through
certain private channels; Flaminio knows it too, I believe, or at any
rate suspects it; but the other, the engineer Costa (an excellent
young fellow, remember! A solid young fellow, fully aware of his
position and of all that he owes to his benefactor), knows nothing
whatever about it, has not the remotest conception of it; I can be
quite certain of that, because I have proof positive, evidence of an
intimate nature. The engineer ..."

At this point Capolino broke off, having caught sight of a man at the
far end of the avenue who came running towards them, waving his arms.

"Who's that?" he asked, stopping short and knitting his brows.

It was Marco Preola, bathed in sweat, gasping for breath and covered
in dust, his stockings festooned about his broken shoes. He was dead

"Here we are! Here we are!" he began to shout, as he drew near. "He's

"Auriti?" inquired Capolino.

"Yes, sir," Preola went on. "For the election: there's no doubt about
it! I've run all the way from Girgenti to tell you."

He removed his battered hat, and with a dirty handkerchief mopped the
sweat that trickled from his matted locks.

"My nephew?" inquired Don Cosmo, rooted to the ground with

At once Capolino, with a mortified air, set to work to inform him,
first of Fazello's resignation, then of the pressure that had been put
upon himself to accept the candidature, and of the rumours that were
going about Girgenti as to this unexpected arrival of Roberto Auriti.
Rumours... rumours which he, Capolino, refused to accept for two
reasons. First of all, the respect that he felt for Auriti, a respect
which did not permit him to suppose that, without an invitation, he
would have come down to contest a seat which Fazello was resigning of
his own free will. The Party Association, which represented the
majority of the electors, as had been shewn by countless indisputable
proofs, remained solid, even after Giacinto Fazello's withdrawal. The
other reason was of a more private nature, and was this: that it would
be a grief, a very great grief to him to have as a by no means
redoubtable opponent, in an unequal contest, a man who,
notwithstanding the differences of opinion in his family, was
nevertheless related to the Laurentano brothers, whom he revered and
by whose friendship he regarded himself as honoured. No, no: he
preferred to believe that Auriti had come to Girgenti only to pay his
mother and sister a visit.

"What's that you say, avvocato?" Marco Pre-ola burst forth, throwing
off with a shrug of his shoulders the long and tedious speech in which
Capolino had been stealthily endeavouring to give a specimen of his
political views. "When a pack of rascals went to meet him at the
station, students from the Technical Institute? When the Mafia an'd
the Masons have come to town, led by Guido Veronica and Giambattista
Mattina? There's no doubt about it, I tell you! He's come for the

While Capolino and Preola were discussing the matter, Don Cosmo's
eyes, nose and mouth were acting a remarkable pantomime: winking and
wrinkling and twisting.... Living in exile as he did, his mind always
absorbed in thoughts of eternity, his eyes turned to the stars, or to
the sea at his feet, or to the deserted country round about, finding
himself suddenly assailed by all these topical trivialities, he felt
as though he were being stung by a swarm of irritating insects.

"Gesu! Gesu! It's unbelievable.... What foolishness..."

"And now, a glass of wine, Si-don Co'," exclaimed Marco Preola, to
bring the discussion to a happy ending. "Your honour must do me the
favour of a glass of wine. I'm finished! I've been all round Girgenti
looking for our dear avvocato; they told me I should find him out here
at Valsania, and off I dashed at once on foot by the Spina Santa. Look
at me! My throat's properly burning."

"Go along, go and get something to drink at the house," Don Cosmo told

"And isn't Don Mauro there?" asked Preola. "I'm afraid," he added,
with a laugh. "He fired a gun at me, last year it was.... He says I
came here, into the grounds, to shoot his pigeons. Word of honour,
Si-don Cosmo, it's not true! It was after the turtle-doves I came.
Perhaps, now and then, I don't say, I may have made a bad shot. I
fired, and, quick as lightning, I heard a shot come. ... Lucky I
turned round at once. Bang! In the seat of my breeches, a shower of
pellets. ... May I be damned to hell, Si-don Co ', I swear to you, if
it weren't for the respect I owe to the Laurentano family... I got a
dose from both barrels and, my word of honour... "

>From the other end of the avenue came a jingle of bells. The trio, who
had drawn near to the villa, talking together, turned round to look.
Capolino called out:

"Nini! Nini! Here are the carriages! They're arriving!"

Nini hurried down from the house; the menservants came down also,
with Donna Sara Alaimo and the maids, who by this time were firm

The carriages proved to be two victorias. In the first sat Don
Flaminio with his daughter; in the second the lunatic with two nurses.
Don Cosmo expected to see Donna Adelaide, the bride to be, alight from
one of the carriages also: he was disappointed. Nini De Vincentis had
not the courage to step forward and offer Dianella his arm. With a
throbbing heart and eyes misty with emotion he caught a glimpse of her
drawn white face through her thick green travelling veil, and followed
her with his gaze while, leaning on Capo-lino's arm, closely wrapped
in a heavy cloak, she climbed slowly up the stair, like an old woman,
amid the obsequious greetings of Donna Sara Alaimo.

Donna Victoria, whose enormous girth made her alight with difficulty,
stood between the two nurses, with fixed, vacant eyes in her large,
pale face, framed in the humble black woollen shawl which she wore
over her head; she gazed for a while like this at Don Cosmo; then
parted her fleshy, almost colourless lips in a mournful smile and
said, with a respectful bow:

"Signor Priore..."

One of the nurses took her by the hand, while Don Cosmo, standing by
Salvo, shut his eyes in distress at the spectacle. Nini followed the
mad woman.

"Thank you," said Flaminio Salvo, pressing Don Cosmo's hand. "I need
not say more to you."

"No, no..." Laurentano made haste to reply, still disturbed and moved
by the sad spectacle, feeling a sudden profound pity for this man who,
in his enviable position of power, had in that moment conveyed to him,
by that handclasp, the sense of his utter misery,



"THIS way, Sir, this way, follow me," the gentleman who accompanied
him was told by the old manservant with the splayed feet, which made
him walk in all directions at once, his legs bent under him so that
his knees knocked together.

They passed, on thick carpets, through three communicating rooms, in
each of which the servant, as he passed, threw open the shutters
inside the long windows. The rooms however remained in shadow, whether
because of the thickness of the curtains or because of the lowness of
the house itself, overtopped by the houses opposite which kept out the
light. Having opened the shutters, the servant looked round each room
and sighed, as much as to say: "You see how well furnished it is? And
yet it is never used!"

At length they came to the drawing-room at the end, with its panelled
walls divided by gilt mouldings.

The gentleman drew from an elegant pocket-book an armorial visiting
card, turned down one corner and handed the card to the servant, who,
pointing to a door which led out of the drawing-room, said: "One
moment, please. Cavalier Preola's in there."

"Preola the father?"

"The son."

"Is he a Cavaliere too?"

"To me," the old man protested, making a deep bow and placing his hand
on his heart, "all the gentry are Cavalieri!"

And, as he hobbled away on his splayed feet, he glanced furtively at
the card, and read: _Cav. Gian Battista Mattina_.

("So this one really is a Cavaliere, it seems.")

Mattina remained standing, lost in thought, in the middle of the room;
then shrugged his shoulders irritably; threw a careless glance round
the room; caught sight of a mirror on the opposite wall and went
across to it.

In the huge mirror, by the dim light, his own reflexion looked to him
like a ghost; and he felt a vague momentary uneasiness as he gazed at

All the furniture, the carpet, the curtains exhaled that peculiar
smell of old things that have grown stale with disuse; almost the
atmosphere of another age.

Mattina looked round the room again with a strange sense of discomfort
at the silent immobility of these old things which had stood there,
year after year, unused and lifeless. He moved nearer to the mirror to
study his reflexion more closely, turning his head slowly, screwing up
under his tired, deeply shadowed eyes the ends of his thick
moustaches, kept black with the help of some lotion, in contrast to
the prematurely grey head which gave such an air of solemnity to his
swarthy face. Suddenly a prolonged yawn made him part his lips in a
grimace, and, as he let it escape, he contracted his features in an
expression of boredom and disgust. He was just turning away from the
mirror when, lowering his gaze to the surface of the bracket that
supported it, he noticed a quantity of neat little worm-easts,
arranged there as though in a pattern, and bent down, curious to
examine them. They had done their work well, those worms! And yet
nobody seemed to give them any credit for their labour.... The fruit
of it, however, was there, plainly visible, saying: "This is done now.
Take it away!" He put out his hand to one of the little heaps, took up
a pinch of it and rubbed his fingers together. Nothing! Not even
dust.... And, examining the balls of his thumb and forefinger, he went
and sat down upon a comfortable armchair by the sofa. Having taken his
seat, he shook the chair slightly, as though to test its solidity.

"Not even dust.... Nothing!"

With a grimace he picked up from the round table in front of the sofa
an album on the first page of which was a photograph of the master of
the house, Canon Agro.

Mattina had always felt that Canon Pompeo Agro bore a strange
resemblance to some large bird, the name of which escaped him.
Certainly his nose, broad at the base and ending in a sharp point,
stuck out from his face just like a beak. It was, however, in the
keen little grey eyes, beneath a high and narrow forehead, that one
detected all the astute, subtle and persistent malice for which Agro
was notorious.

Mattina studied the face as though he were trying to discover from its
lineaments the reason for the invitation he had received overnight.
What the deuce could Agro want with him? Was the breach between this
most gentlemanly of Canons and the Clerical Party, a breach that had
created such a scandal in the town, an actual fact or was it not
rather a concerted, insidious pose, with the object of hoodwinking the
ingenuous Auriti, of penetrating into the enemy's camp and discovering
his plan of campaign? Ah, if one trusted a fox.... This secret
interview with Preola, for instance.... Was the whole thing an
elaborate plot?

He raised his eyes, looked round the room again and once more felt
himself disturbed by the silent immobility of those old things, so
useless and lifeless, as though, now that he had laid bare their
rottenness, they were watching him with greater hostility than ever.

He heard, through the chain of rooms, the old servant's voice
repeating: "This way, Sir, this way, follow me."

He laid down the album and looked towards the door.

"Hallo! Veronica..."

"My dear Titta," replied Guido Veronica, advancing into the middle of
the room.

He removed his spectacles, in order to polish them with the
handkerchief which he held in readiness in his other hand, blinked his
myopic, almond-shaped eyes, and with the thumb and forefinger of his
stumpy hand rubbed the bridge of his nose, where it was scarred by the
continual pressure of his glasses; and was making his way towards the
sofa facing Mattina; but the latter, rising, took him by the arm and

"Wait, I want you to look at something."

And led him across to the bracelet to shew him all those little heaps
of sawdust.

Veronica, not understanding what he was intended to look at, and being
extremely shortsighted, bent down until his nose was almost touching
the top of the bracket.

"Worms?" he then remarked, but without any show of interest, looking
indeed coldly at Mattina, as though to inquire why he had shewn him
them: and went and sat down on the armchair.

Whereupon, "_Tu quoque_?" Mattina queried, feeling uncomfortable and
seeking to hide his annoyance. "How are things going?"

"I don't know what it's all about," Veronica answered, with the air of
a person trying to keep a secret.

"Oh, no more do I," Mattina hastened to add, in a tone of

And he let his glance rest casually on Veronica's brow, furrowed by
three long scars running in different directions: trophies won on the
duelling ground.

"Have you come from Rome?"

"No. From Palermo."

"Shall you be staying here long?"

"I don't know."

Veronica made it evident, by these curt responses, that he intended to
keep his own counsel, so as not to give himself any importance by what
he could say if he chose.

Indeed his plan for the time being was as follows: to show irritation,
or rather boredom and distrust. Unfortunately for himself he had, as
everyone knew, an ideal: the Country, represented by, nay bodily
incarnate in the person of a famous old statesman defeated some years
since in the course of a tumultuous sitting of Parliament, after a
petty and disloyal campaign. For this Minister's sake he had let
himself be provoked into duel after duel, and had invariably been
defeated; he had hurled back, in the columns of the newspapers, in
language unprecedented in its violence, the insults offered by the
opposition. But now, this Minister having fallen, the country had
fallen as well: the pigmy rabhle were triumphant: it was not anger
that he felt; it was a disgrace to be alive, in such times. He did not
for a moment believe that Roberto Auriti could win, even with the
support of the Government; but his revered Elder--who still
entertained the most childish illusions as to the future of the
country--had ordered him to go down to Girgenti and to fight for
Auriti; lie knew that Auriti's reason for undertaking the campaign had
been not so much the pressure put upon him by the Government as the
old statesman's insistent demand; and so here he was at Girgenti.
Simply that he might not fail in his duty, he was now here in response
to an invitation from Agro, a Canon, he to whom priests were like a
red rag to a bull. Here he was; he must resign himself.
Notwithstanding, however, the misgivings with which he had allowed
himself to set out upon this electoral mission, he felt a certain
irritation, now, on finding himself placed on a level with a mere
Mattina, associated with him as a fellow-conspirator in the little
plot which Canon Agro was apparently trying to weave.

Mattina stirred in his seat, with a grunt, and assumed a different

"He's keeping us waiting," he said.

"Whom has he got in there?" asked Guido Veronica, with no trace of

Mattina leaned forward and said in a whisper: "Young Preola, Ignazio
Capolino's bottle-washer. The servant told me. What do you think? I
ask you and I ask myself, what are we two here for?"

"We shall hear presently," sighed Veronica.

"I shouldn't like----"

Mattina stopped short, seeing the door open and the long, lean,
stooping form of Canon Pompeo Agro enter the room.


Signalling with both hands to his guests to remain seated, Pompeo Agro
began in a shrill, strident little voice:

"I ask your pardon.... Do not rise, please, do not rise. My dear
Veronica; most eminent Cavaliere. Here, Cavaliere, come and sit here,
beside me: I'm not afraid, as you know, of your youthful excesses."

"Youthful, yes!" smiled Mattina, pointing to his grizzled pate.

The Canon drew an old silver watch from his pocket.

"Your hair, eh... you shed your hair, you mean, but not your spots.
Ten o'clock already, perbacco! I've wasted the whole morning....

His face clouded over; he sat for a moment undecided whether or not to
speak; then, as though giving articulate form to his suspended

"Gratitude: there's no such thing!"

He shook his head, and went on:

"Would you two gentlemen mind coming with me for a moment?"

"Where?" inquired Mattina.

"To call on Roberto Auriti... such a dear friend of mine... we have
been friends, as you know, from our schooldays. And our fathers,
before us. The dearest friends; oh! closer than brothers. Comrades
in arms, eh? Roberta's father fell at Milazzo; mine at Volturno. They
made history. People ought to hear that in mind in the town, instead
of making such a fuss about my... what do they call it, again?
Desertion, eh?... my desertion. My cassock! Yes, my friends. But
beneath the cassock beats a heart; and I too have some regard for the
sacred ties of friendship, as well as... as well as..."

The Canon meant to imply "for my country"; he let this be understood
by a wave of his hand and stemmed the torrent of his generous

He was making an effort to speak in appropriate language, with a
subtle smile on his lips, and kept on rubbing his dry, bony hands
together under his chin, as though he were washing them at the
fountain of his polished phrases, polished indeed, yet not limpid or
continuous in their flow, but issuing almost in jerks, with frequent
hesitations and odd pauses. From time to time, as he raised his
drooping eyelids, he afforded a glimpse of a sidelong, fugitive
glance, so different from his usual expression that at once the
onlooker imagined that this man must, in his private life, when alone
with himself, have more than one profoundly secret affliction, which
made him astute and crafty, and that there must he ohscure workings in
his mind.

"Before we start," he went on, with a change of tone, "just a word or
two of explanation. I may have thought out... put together, shall I
say, a little plan of campaign. I don't make it publicly known, of
course. You gentlemen will do the fighting; I shall supply the
ammunition. That is all. Weighing every consideration carefully, our
most formidable adversary is who? Capolino? No; but the man who is
behind him: Salvo, who was his brother-in-law, and is a most powerful
person. Now I know from a trustworthy source that Salvo, until a few
days ago, was absolutely determined not to permit this... this
appearance of Capolino upon the scene."

"Quite so," Mattina agreed. "Because of the arrangements for a
marriage between his sister and the Prince of Laurentano."

"Precisely!" the Canon endorsed his remark. "But Salvo went the
length of promising him his support as soon as he learned that the
Prince did not intend to consider Artriti as one of his family, and
had ordered the Party not to pay any attention to him either. Things
being so, our friend Roberto's chances become almost desperate. Let us
not make any mistake about that."

"Oh, I know that!" groaned Veronica.

The Canon at once cut him short with a wave of his hand, and went on:

"But if we, now, let us suppose that we, my friends, in spite of the
concession made by the Prince, were to succeed in binding the giant
Salvo hand and foot... what about that? Well, that is my plan."

Pompeo Agro, having held out this bait to their curiosity, remained
for a while with his hands outstretched in the air beneath his chin;
then withdrew and clenched them; he shut his eyes as well, to collect
his thoughts; emitted a second "Well!" as a hook to keep his hearers'
attention fixed, and relapsed again for a while into silence.

"You gentlemen know the conditions in which the marriage is to be
celebrated, by Laurentano's express wish. Now these conditions, as I
have planned things, should become the... what shall we say? the chink
in Salvo's armour."

"The heel of Achilles," Mattina suggested, his interest quickening.

"Precisely! Yes, Achilles!" Agro agreed. "And now let me explain. It
must certainly be an important point with Salvo, he having agreed to
these conditions, that the Prince's son, who lives in Borne (I fancy
he's called Gerlando, eh? after his grandfather: Gerlandino,
Landino), shall not be, or at least shall not shew himself openly
opposed to his father's marriage. Indeed, I know that Salvo has
definitely insisted upon the young man's being present at the marriage
ceremony, as a recognition on his side of the bond and as a pledge of
his honour as a gentleman for the future. I am not acquainted with
this Gerlandino, but I know that he is made of quite a different
stuff... of quite a different type, let us say, from his father."

"The very opposite!" exclaimed Veronica. "I know him well."

"Oh, capital!" Agro went on. "He, therefore, even admitting that he
does not see eye to eye with Roberto Auriti either, if he has to
choose between the two, I mean between him and a man like Capolino,
will naturally prefer, I imagine, that his cousin should win."

Guido Veronica, at this point, sat up and heaved a long sigh, as
though to rid himself of a momentary illusion, and said:

"Ah, no, I don't think that, you know! I don't really believe that
Lando mixes himself up in that sort of thing...."

"Allow me to speak," the Canon resumed, in a harsher tone.... "I have
no desire that he should be mixed up in it: I wish only to learn from
you, who have lived so long in Borne and know the young man, whether
the antagonism, if we may so express it, between Don Ippolito
Lauren-tano and Donna Caterina Auriti exists between their sons also."

"No, nothing of that sort!" Veronica at once rejoined. "In fact, they
are great friends."

"That is enough for me!" the Canon exclaimed, slapping the back of one
hand with the palm of the other. "It is more than enough for me! If
the father does not intend to take into consideration the fact of
Auriti's being related to himself, the son on the other hand may, or
easily might. And there we have Salvo, the giant, bound hand and

Pompeo Agro wished to exult for a moment in this initial victory, and
cast a sharp glance, with a slightly disdainful smile, first at
Veronica, then at Mattina, who were both of them now pledged to the
execution of his plan, which at least was deemed worthy of their
consideration. Then, like a general not content with winning his
battle upon the table only, by the rules of tactics, he came down to
pointing out the material difficulties of the undertaking.

"The point," he said, "will be to persuade that dear fellow Roberto to
make use of this expedient. Especially since we shall at least need a
private letter from Gerlandino, which we can shew, or communicate in
some way to Salvo (do you see?), a letter addressed either to Salvo
himself, which will be difficult, or to Roberto or to some other of
his friends: to yourself, for instance, my dear Veronica: in short, a
proof, a document."

Guido Veronica did not wish to state in so many words that he could
not expect to receive a letter from Lando, with whom he was not on any
real terms of friendship; he did indeed consider Agro's plan
ingenious, but felt it to be impracticable, perhaps, in view of the
exaggerated punctiliousness of Roberto, who... who... yes, patriotic
services, quite so.... "Spotless integrity!" Agro put in. "Yes,"
Veronica conceded, "and brains as well, if you like; but... but... as
things are at present... the Prefect irritates him, and it seems that
his friends irritate him as well. Anyhow, it will be a serious matter!
I, for my own part, would gladly let myself be flayed alive to help
him; but..."

He broke off; beat his brow with his hand, and exclaimed:

"I have it! Giulio... there's Giulio... Roberto's brother, who at this
very moment is one of D'Atri, the Minister's, private secretaries: eh,
perbacco! We can write to him... he is on the most intimate terms
with Lando. "We can easily get anything we want out of Giulio, without
letting anything out to Roberto, who would put all sorts of
difficulties in the way. There, that's settled!"

"Splendid! Splendid!" the Canon kept on exclaiming, beside himself
with joy.

Only Mattina was left like a vessel whose sail has not succeeded in
catching the wind. Seeing the other two vessels skim so smoothly
ahead, without a thought of himself left lagging in their wake, he
felt crushed; he wanted to express his own opinion, and, having
nothing else to say, tried the effect of a breath of contrary wind,
and the interposition of a few reefs and shallows.

"Very good," he said, "but won't it be too late, my friends? Let us
consider! Before the letter can be delivered in Rome, even if we act
with the utmost speed, and the answer arrive here--it will take at
least a week, at a moderate estimate. Salvo will have plenty of time
to commit himself so deeply that he will not be able to draw back

"Oh, I should like to see him!" exclaimed the Canon with a titter, and
raised his hand as though greeting the absent Salvo, "No, I say, no!
Never, ne-ver, ne-ver.... Do you mean that he is so greatly attached
to Capolino?"

"But his dignity, surely!" the Cavaliere retorted, as though his own
were at stake. "A fine figure he would cut! Why, don't you know that
this very day, in the office of the Empedocle, the selection is to be
officially announced, with the support of Salvo and all the committee
of the Party? It's no laughing matter."

"In that case," Veronica hurriedly interposed, "to speed matters up,
we can send Giulio an urgent telegram at once, in cipher."

"Excellent!" the Canon again expressed his approval, leaving Mattina

"Yes, yes," Veronica went on, "Roberto has a private code with his
brother. Don't let us lose any more time.... Or rather... wait!...
now that I think of it... Selmi... perdio!"

"Selmi?" the Canon asked, baffled by the sound of the name, which fell
thus suddenly like an insurmountable obstacle upon the path which he
had made so smooth. "The Deputy Selmi?"

"Corrado Selmi, yes," answered Veronica. "I saw him at Palermo.... He
has promised Roberto that he'll come here, and indeed that he will
make a speech..."

"Well?" came from Agro. "Surely, a Member of Parliament of such
authority, a true patriot..."

"That's all very well," Veronica interrupted, screwing up his eyes,
and waving his hand in the air. "A patriot, well and good! But he's
rotten to the core, my dear Canon. Debts... scandals ... rumours...
and God forbid poor Roberto should suffer on his account. That is not
the point, however.... It is Lando Laurentano I am thinking of..." And
Guido Veronica pulled his fingers until the joints cracked, as though
to cleanse them of the annoyance which he felt at the thought of

"I don't understand..." observed the Canon. "Do you mean that between
Laurentano and Sehni...?"

"I should just say so!" exclaimed Veronica. "A deadly enmity!"

"There's a lady in the case," put in Mattina, gravely, screwing up his
eyes, overjoyed at this obstacle.

And the Canon, his curiosity aroused:

"Ah, indeed? A lady?"

"It's an old story," Veronica replied. "It's all over now, as far as
I'm aware; but, not more than a year ago, Corrado Selmi--I tell you
this because the whole of Borne knows it already--was the lover of
Donna Giannetta d'Atri, the wife of the man who is now Minister."

The Canon held up his hand:

"Ugh, how disgraceful! And this... and this Donna Giannetta, who might
she have been?"

"Why, a Montalto!" said Veronica. "Lando's cousin.... You know that
the Prince's first wife was a Montalto."

"Ah, so that's how it is! And, I suppose, the young man..."

"As a boy, yes, in a cousinly way.... I don't really know much about
that. The fact remains that Lando Laurentano challenged Selmi twice.
... And so, you can understand, if Selmi comes here now to support
Roberto's candidature..."

"Quite so, quite so... now I understand!" exclaimed the Canon. "He
must be stopped! Yes, he must be stopped!"

"It may perhaps not be difficult," Veronica concluded. "Because
Corrado Selmi will have his own campaign to fight in his constituency.
... Anyhow, we shall see. Now let us go at once to Roberto."

The Canon rose.

"I am ready," he said. "The carriage is at the door. One moment, if
you please. I must just fetch my hat and cloak."

A minute later, Veronica and Mattina saw the old splay-footed servant
appear, in the garb of a Jehu, and took their places in the carriage
with Agro.

As they came up from the Rabato, by the Piazza San Domenico, they at
once noticed an unusual commotion along the main street. Four or five
street arabs, running along and stopping at intervals, were bawling
the name of the clerical newspaper, _Empedocle_, which they appeared
to be selling like hot cakes.

"_L'Impiducli! L'Impiducli_!"

And everywhere groups were forming, some to read, others in an excited
discussion of some article, evidently violent, that appeared in the
paper. Veronica, seeing one of these vendors pass by the carriage,
could not resist the temptation, and while the Canon--who, in the
streets of the town, at that time, felt that he was in the midst of an
enemy camp--advised: "Better wait till we get home!" he made the hoy
fling a copy of the paper into the carriage. It was seized by Mattina.

"Shall I read it to you?"

And he began to read in a low tone the leading article, which was
evidently what was arousing such a ferment among the populace.

It was headed _A patriot for family reasons_, and dealt (without
mentioning names, but the slanderous intention was unmistakable) with
the memory of Stefano Auriti, Roberto's father, distorting with the
most odious, vilest calumny the romantic story of his love for
Caterina Laurentano; the young couple's elopement shortly before the
revolution of 1848; the part played by Stefano Auriti in that
revolution "not indeed from love of his country, but for family
reasons entirely, that is to say in the hope of acquiring a dowry
together with the forgiveness of his involuntary father-in-law, a
wealthy man and a Liberal, it is true, but a man, alas, of an
inflexibility of character proof against any machination."

Gradually, as he went on reading, Mattina's voice changed to a note of
contempt, fired by the indignation of Agro, who broke out from time to
time, putting his hands over his ears and flinging himself hack in his

"Oh, the cowards! The cowards!"

At a certain stage in his reading Mattina saw the paper torn from his
hands. Guido Veronica, white as a sheet, his face distorted with
anger, flung open the door of the carriage, quivering with emotion,
sprang out and, without heeding the Canon's appeals, first of all
hurled himself into a group of people, in the midst of whom was
Capo-lino, whom he then struck in the face with the newspaper, rubbing
his nose in it.

The assault came as such a thunderbolt that everyone stood for a
moment dazed with astonishment, before falling upon the aggressor:
people ran up shouting from all sides: in the middle the fight grew
furious: sticks whirled in the air, amid shouts and imprecations.
Mattina had neither time nor opportunity to fly to Veronica's rescue;
but presently the crowd began to dissolve: the protagonists were
separated. The Canon shouted frantically from the carriage to Mattina.
He heard him at length, and turned; but at that moment caught sight of
Veronica, without hat or spectacles, his clothes torn and muddy,
panting for breath amid a crowd of young men who were evidently
defending him, and ran to join him. He returned, a moment later, to
the Canon's carriage.

"It's nothing," he said; "keep calm; let us drive on; he is with
friends; he has got well out of it."

The Canon was trembling all over.

"Oh Lord, oh Lord, what a scandal! But why? Disgusting creatures....
He ought not to have dirtied his hands with them.... And what is to
happen next?"

"Oh," remarked Mattina with a trace of contempt in his voice, "a duel;
it's quite simple ... or a prosecution, if our holy religion does not
allow the scoundrel to accept responsibility for the slanders which it
has not prevented him from uttering."

"We will leave out religion, if you don't mind, Cavaliere," Pompeo
Agro said soothingly. "It has nothing to do with this, nor, if you
will allow me to say so, has Capolino."

"How is that?"

"Let me explain. I know who wrote the article, that filthy thing.
Preola, Preola who came this morning to see me--I don't know who sent
him.... The ungrateful wretch! Dregs of humanity!"

"But Capolino," Mattina objected, "is the editor of the paper and must
have passed the article."

"I would swear, I would thrust my hand in the flames," replied the
Canon, "that he had not read it first. He is my adversary, look, yet I
know him to be incapable of any such vile conduct. ... And now, what
are we going to find at Roberto's?"


Donna Caterina Auriti-Laurentano lived with her daughter Anna, also a
widow, and her grandson, in an old and sombre house beneath the Badia

The house had belonged to Michele Del Re, Anna's husband, who had had
nothing else to bequeath to his youthful widow and to their only son,
Antonio, now about eighteen years old.

You went up to it by narrow, slippery lanes, broken up into steps,
unevenly cobbled, often heaped with filth, reeking with the medley of
foul smells that issued from the little shops, dark as caves, shops
mostly of the spinners of maccheroni, which they hung outside to dry
on poles and trestles, and from the hovels of the pauper women who
spent whole days sitting on their doorsteps, days that were all alike,
seeing the same people at the same hours, hearing the usual disputes
bandied about from door to door by two or more shrill-tongued gossips
over their brats, one of whom, as they played together, had had his
hair torn out or his scalp cut open. The sole variety, now and again,
was the passing of the Blessed Sacrament; the priest beneath the
canopy, the tinkling bell, the choir of godly women:

 Oggi e sempre sia lodato
 nostro. Dio sacramentato. ...

Her husband having died after barely three years of married life, Anna
Auriti herself was virtually dead to the world. Indeed, since the day
of her bereavement, she had never left the house again, not even to
hear mass on Sundays; she had never shewn her face in public, not even
through the panes of the windows that were never fully opened. Only
the nuns at the Badia Grande, peering through the bars of their own
windows, had caught glimpses of her from above, when she came out,
towards dusk, for a breath of air in the narrow little terraced garden
of the house, which rested against the dark, towering bulk of their
abbey, originally the baronial stronghold of the Chiaramente. Nor
indeed could those nuns have felt any envy of a woman as strictly
cloistered as themselves. Like them, if not with even greater
simplicity, she dressed in black, always; like them, she concealed
beneath a black silk kerchief, fastened under her chin, the hair
which, if it was not cropped close, was no longer tended with any
care, being merely parted in two strands and twisted in a loose knot
at the back of her head; those beautiful, abundant chestnut tresses
which at one time, carefully arranged, had given such charm to her
pale, gentle, sweet face.

Donna Caterina had scrupulously shared her daughter's seclusion, and
had worn black also, ever since 1860, the date of her husband's heroic
death at Milazzo. Of tall stature, rigid, thin, she had not however
her daughter's air of calm and sorrowful resignation. The terrible
griefs that had been her constant portion, the gnawing tooth of pride,
the firmness of character which, at the cost of incredible sacrifices,
she had unflinchingly maintained when faced with the most cruel
vicissitudes of fortune, had so altered the lineaments of her face
that it no longer preserved any trace of her former beauty. Her nose
had grown long and pointed and overhung her withered lips, hollowed
here and there where she had lost a tooth; her cheeks were sunken; her
chin thrust forwards. But it was her eyes more than anything else,
beneath her bushy black brows, that showed the ruin of her face: the
eyelids had begun to droop, one more than the other; and the eye that
was the more nearly hidden of the two, with its slow glance misty with
intense suffering, gave to her spent, waxen face the aspect of some
horrible mask of grief. Her hair, meanwhile, had remained black and
glossy, as though on purpose to bring into prominence the mutilation
of her other features and to contradict the popular belief that the
hair turns white with sorrow.

There was nothing, literally nothing that Donna Caterina Laurentano
had not endured, including the pangs of hunger, she who had been born
in luxury, brought up amid the splendours of a princely house: hunger
when, after the revolution of 1848 had been crushed, a girl of
eighteen, with her infant son Roberto, she had had to go into exile in
Piedmont with her husband, excluded with forty-three others from the
amnesty, and sentenced to the forfeiture of his modest fortune. Her
father, Don Gerlando Laurentano, who also was among the forty-three
prescripts, had invited her at the time to go with him to Malta, his
place of banishment, but on the condition that she would definitely
abandon Stefano Auriti. And she? She had refused the offer with scorn;
and more scornfully still had afterwards refused the charity of her
brother Ippolito, who with a few other unworthy representatives of the
Sicilian nobility had gone to do homage to Satriano at Palermo, and
had obtained from him the restitution of the property confiscated from
his father. And she had gone to Turin with her husband, like a pair of
blind and helpless waifs, to beg the bread of life for their child.

None of the other exiles, of the Sicilians who had migrated there,
would believe at first that she, a woman of such exalted birth, the
only daughter of the Prince of Laurentano, had brought nothing away
with her, was receiving no support from her family; and Stefano Auriti
had accordingly been hindered in every possible way by his own
companions in misfortune in his desperate search for some minor
employment that would provide him with bread, mere bread alone for his
wife and himself. And then she had fallen seriously ill, and for five
months had lain in hospital, through charitable intervention, after
endless sufferings, and by charitable intervention the little Roberto
had been brought up in another institution. At length and with due
compunction their fellow-exiles had revised their judgment, and vied
with one another in helping Stefano Auriti. On coming out of hospital
she had received the news that her father, Don Gerlando Laurentano,
had died by his own hand at Burmula, by poison.

Of the twelve years spent at Turin, ending in 1860, Donna Caterina
retained now only a vague, confused memory, as of a life that she had
not actually lived but had rather imagined in some strange and violent
dream, interspersed at the same time with bright glimpses, certain
joyous, ardent moments of patriotic enthusiasm.

Ineradicably stamped upon her heart, however, was the hour of her
awakening from that dream: when the news came to her that Stefano
Auriti, who had set sail with his twelve-year-old son from Quarto,
with Garibaldi, for the liberation of Sicily, had fallen in battle at

Even the favour of letting her go mad had God withheld from her at
that moment! And she had been obliged to feel, almost to behold her
wifely heart (stricken, dealt its deathblow out there in Sicily) crawl
bleeding in the footsteps of her young son, left now without a
father's protection to carry on the war.

They had collected a fund for her at Turin, and with the two little
orphans, Giulio and Anna, who had been born there, she had returned to
Sicily, her now liberated fatherland; but as a widow, in deep
mourning, and more wretched than when she had left home: amid the
universal rejoicing, she, with her two little ones, dressed likewise
in black. Roberto had before this entered Naples with Garibaldi, and
was now fighting beneath the walls of Caserta, side by side with Mauro

She had been taken into the house of the Alaimo, poor relatives of
Stefano Auriti. Once again her brother Ippolito, now in retreat at
Colimbetra, had offered to assist her; and once again, with
undi-minished scorn, she had refused his offer, to the amazement and
consternation of the Alaimo family, whose guest she was. Poor people,
poor in intellect and in heart as well as in purse, what bitterness of
spirit they had caused her! She had been obliged to see herself
regarded by them as by the bitterest enemies of her dignity, which
they did not understand; thoroughly capable as they were of begging
and accepting in secret the assistance that she had declined, not
content with the work which she performed in the house and what she
managed to procure from outside to enable her to earn a fair
recompense for the trifling expense that she caused them.

She had raised her head a little from that horrible degradation on the
return of Roberto, welcomed by the whole town in a frenzy of joy. Even
now, when she recalled that day, that moment, a thrill would run
through her poor flesh. Ah, with what exultation, with what a frenzy
of love and grief she had clasped to her bosom the son who returned
alone, without his father, the youthful hero of the Bed Shirt, whom
the populace had borne to her shoulder-high in triumph.

The Provisional Government had granted her a monthly allowance, and to
Roberto--since at his age nothing else could be done for him--a
scholarship at Palermo. He had forfeited this scholarship a few years
later, to follow Garibaldi to the conquest of Borne. But against the
torrent of young blood which was to have replenished the dried veins
of Rome reasons of state had set up, at Aspromonte, a dyke of
fraternal bosoms; and Roberto, with the rest, had been taken prisoner
and confined first at Spezia, then in the Forte Monteratti at Genoa.
Regaining his freedom, he had returned to his books, but not for long.
In 1866 he was once more following Garibaldi. Only in 1871 had he
succeeded in taking his degree in Law; and at once had gone to Rome to
provide, after all these tumultuous changes of fortune, for his own
needs and for those of his family. Some years later, he had been
joined by his brother Giulio. Anna, at Girgenti, had meanwhile found a
husband, and Donna Caterina--until Roberto in Borne with the flame of
his heroic spirit, with his own exceptional claims to recognition and
his exceptional talents, should have forged ahead and paved the way to
a splendid future, worthy of his past, and consoled her at length for
all the bitter hardships she had suffered and for the degradation
which had been the bitterest of all--had gone to live in the house of
her son-in-law Michele Del Re.

His death, three years later, her daughter's bereavement, the poverty
that once again fell upon them, seemed powerless to arouse her from a
deeper and more intense sorrow into which she had sunk. Her son, that
son of whom such great things were expected, her Roberto, up yonder,
amid the turmoil and confusion of the new life of the Third Capital,
amid the obscene babel of all the people who were tumbling over one
another, clamouring for rewards, picking up honours and favours, her
Roberto was lost! Regarding all that he had done for his country as
nothing more than a sacred duty, he had never sought nor would he have
known how to establish any claim to a reward; he had perhaps hoped,
perhaps waited for his friends and comrades to remember him in his
modest dignity. Perhaps also his finer feelings had conquered him and
had kept him aloof. And what utter ruin had come in Sicily to all the
illusions, all the fervid faith, by which the torch of revolt had been
kindled! Poor island, treated as conquered territory! Poor islanders,
treated as savages, who must first be civilized. And the
_Continentals_ had descended upon them to civilize them: down had come
the new soldiery, that infamous column led by a renegade, the
Hungarian Colonel Eberhardt, who had come to Sicily first with
Garibaldi and had then been one of those who fired upon him at
Aspromonte, and that other, the little Savoyard subaltern Dupuy, the
incendiary; down had come all the offscourings of the bureaucracy; and
disputes and duels and scenes of savagery; and the Prefecture of
Medici, and the courts martial, and burglaries, murders, highway
robberies, planned and carried out by the new police in the name of
the King's Government; and falsification and suppression of documents
and scandalous political trials: all through the first government by
the parliamentary Eight! And then the Left had come into power, and
they too had begun with special measures for Sicily; and usurpations
and frauds and extortions and scandalous favouritism and a scandalous
waste of public money; prefects, delegates, magistrates pledged to the
service of the ministerial Deputies, and shameless partisanships and
electoral intrigues; an unfair distribution of taxation, reckless
expenditure, degrading servilities; oppression of the conquered and of
the workers, assisted and protected by the law, with impunity
guaranteed to the oppressors....

For the last day or two--ever since Roberto's arrival at Girgenti--had
been streaming from the bitter tongue of Donna Caterina Auriti this
vehement flood of cruel memories, harsh reproaches, fierce
accusations. As she looked at her son, from beneath her drooping
eyelids, with that almost sightless eye, she emptied her heart of all
the bitterness accumulated and stored up in all those long years; of
all the grief with which she had fed and envenomed her heart.

"What do you hope for? What do you want?" she asked him. "What have
you come here to do?"

And Roberto Auriti, overpowered by this onslaught from his mother,
remained frowningly silent, with bent head and shut eyes.

He was now a man of three and forty: already bald, but vigorous, with
a herculean chest, handsome in a manly way, his face sharply defined
by his thick black eyebrows, that almost met above his nose, and by a
short beard, black also, he sat there steeped in shame and confusion,
like a feeble little boy in the presence of this mother who, albeit
crushed by age and sorrow, retained so much strength of character and
such ardent spirits.

He felt that he really was defeated, did Roberto Auriti. His strength
of character, overstrained by the heroic efforts of his boyhood, had
gradually declined when brought face to face with the new, hideous
warfare, a fight for gold, a fight for the base conquest of office.
And he had even asked for preferment himself, not for himself, for his
brother Giulio, and had secured a berth for him in the Treasury. For
himself he had relied upon the scanty, uncertain profits of the legal
profession: profits which, for all that, left him often by no means at
rest in his mind, not because he did not regard them as a fair reward
for his work, for the zeal he shewed; but because the majority of his
briefs came to him by way of his friends the Sicilian Deputies, from
Corrado Selmi especially, and in more than one instance he had
the suspicion that his case had been won not so much by his own
talents as by their improper and by no means disinterested
intervention. But he, since the death of his brother-in-law Michele
Del Re, had his mother and widowed sister and nephew to support at
Girgenti; apart from the fact that in Rome, for some years past, he
had no longer lived alone.

His mother of course was not unaware that he was living in Rome with a
woman, for whom with her old-fashioned prejudices and the puritanical
strictness of her morals she could not feel any respect; she had never
uttered a word to him about this; but he could feel the harsh
condemnation in the maternal heart, a fresh bitterness--unjustified,
to his mind--which his mother refrained from expressing to him in
order not to humiliate him, not to wound him further.

But perhaps Donna Caterina, at such moments as this, did not give the
matter a thought, wholly absorbed as she was in setting before her
son, with an inexhaustible ardour, the painful memories of their
family and the wretched condition of the place.

And it was during this fervid, black description that they were
surprised by Canon Pompeo Agro and Mattina.


The warm cordiality with which Roberto Auriti welcomed him made it
plain to Agro that the other knew nothing as yet of that vile article
in the newspaper. He introduced Mattina, and paid his respects to his

Donna Caterina waited for the preliminary exchange of greetings and
for the friends to express their joy at meeting again after so many
years; then resumed, turning to Agro:

"For goodness' sake, Monsignore, do you, who are a true friend to him,
tell him so too. We are all friends here. This gentleman too, since
you have brought him to the house, must be a friend. I am trying to
persuade my son not to undertake this campaign."

"Mamma," Roberto besought her, with a pained smile.

"Yes, yes," his mother insisted. "Do you gentlemen tell him. What has
he done, and why, in the name of what cause does he come here to-day
to ask for the votes of the people? In the name perhaps of all that he
did as a boy, in the name of his dead father, in the name of the
sacrifices and of the sacred ideals for which those sacrifices were
made and that agony endured? Why, he will make people laugh at him!"

"Oh, no, Donna Caterina, but why?" Canon Agro tried to interrupt her,
laying his hand on his heart, as though wounded. "Don't say that."

"Laugh at him! Laugh at him!" she went on with increasing warmth.
"Perhaps you will kindly tell us, then, how those ideals have been
converted to reality for the people of Sicily? What have they gained
by them? How have they been treated? Oppressed, taxed, neglected,
slandered! The ideals of Forty-eight and Sixty? Why, all the old
people here cry: _Things were better in the old days_! And I say the
same, do you hear? I, Caterina Laurentano, Stefano Auriti's widow!"

"Oh, Mamma, Mamma!" Roberto implored,' putting his hands over his

To which his mother at once rejoined:

"Yes, my son: things were better in the old days, because then at
least we had the hope and comfort of a better future, the hope that
sustained us and made us overcome all the tribulations you may or may
not remember, at Turin. ... Things were better then! You may be sure
that people do not wish to hear anything more about those ideals. They
paid too high a price for them, and now they have had enough! Away
with you, get back to Rome. Because I will not, I cannot endure your
coming here in the name of the Government that is over us. You have
not been a thief, my son; you have not lent your hand to all the
injustices, to the vilenesses of the unfair, one-sided administration
of our communes, bound hand and foot for years past to the local
cliques, which abuse them in every way under the protection of the
Prefects and Deputies; you have not supported the infamous power of
the gangs who are poisoning the air of our towns, as the malaria
poisons our countryside! Why, then, are you here? What claim have you
to be elected? Who is supporting you? Who wants you?"

At this moment Guido Veronica entered the room, clothed and in his
right mind. He had gone up to the hotel, after the scuffle, to change
his clothes, and had left word there that if anyone should come in
search of him, he would be back by three o'clock. At once Agro and
Mattina signalled to him that Roberto knew nothing of what had
happened. Donna Caterina had risen to her feet to urge lier son to
decline the support of the Government, which for that matter would be
valueless in the coming contest, and to accept the challenge rather in
the name of the oppressed populace. He would not win, of course; but
at least his defeat would not be dishonouring, and would serve as a
warning to the Government.

"For you will see," she concluded. "I make a safe prophecy: before a
year has passed, we shall witness scenes of bloodshed: the people can
endure no more and are making their preparations, and before long they
will rise in revolt."

Guido Veronica thrust out his plump hands before him, and shook his

"For heaven's sake, dear lady, for heaven's sake do not say such
things; they sound horrible on your lips! Leave them to the
instigators, to the demagogues who, without meaning it, are playing
the Clericals' game! Forgive me, Canon; but that is just what is
happening! A handful of ambitious rascals, who sow the seeds of
discord to force their way into the municipal and provincial councils
and into Parliament itself; another handful of ignoble enemies of
their country who dream of a separate Sicily under British protection,
like Malta! And then there is France, our beloved Latin sister,
blowing on the embers and sending money to-day in the hope of reaping
her reward to-morrow by some insane, hole-and-corner rebellion
inspired by the Mafia!"

"Indeed?" broke out Donna Caterina, who could no longer restrain
herself. "So you reassure yourself like that, do you? But these are
calumnies, the same old calumnies that our Ministers repeat, echoing
the Prefects and the petty tyrants of the local committees; calumnies
meant to cloak thirty years and more of bad government; calumnies not
so much odious, perhaps, as ludicrous! Here we have famine, my dear
sir, on the farms and in the sulphur pits; here we have big estates,
the feudal tyranny of the so-called _cappelli_, the so-called gentry,
municipal taxes that squeeze the last drop of blood from people who
have not so much as the price of a crust of bread; here we have all
the extortions that can be made with impunity, by taking advantage of
the appalling ignorance of these poor serfs, bestialized by their
poverty. Do you hold your peace! Hold your peace!"

Guido Veronica gave a nervous smile, bowing and extending his arms;
then turned to Roberto:

"Oh, by the way--excuse me, Signora!--I want to borrow your
cipher-book, to send an urgent telegram to Rome."

"Of course, yes, good, good!" exclaimed Canon Agro, rousing himself
from the pained attitude he had assumed during Donna Caterina's
violent harangue.

Roberto left the room to fetch the cipher-book. The conversation
between the three friends and the old lady died away; then Agro, to
break an awkward silence, groaned:

"Ah, the conditions of life in our poor country are certainly sad

And the conversation revived for a little, but without warmth. The
three men had a secret understanding among themselves, and were also
angry and appalled by the scandal of the newspaper article: they
exchanged significant glances, and would have liked to be left to
themselves for a moment to discuss the hest way of breaking the news
to Roberto. But Donna Caterina did not leave the room.

"Do you know whether Corrado Selmi," Guido Veronica asked her, "has
written to Roberto that he's coming?"

"He's coming, he's coming," she replied, shaking her head with bitter

"I have been thinking," Veronica murmured to Agro and Mattina. "All
the better if he does come. Indeed, I shall send him a telegram asking
him to come at once, _for me_, you understand. In that way, Lando....
Hush, here's Roberto."

But it was not Roberto: there entered the room instead a tall, thin
youth, to whom the glasses perched on the bridge of his nose, uniting
his bushy eyebrows, gave an air of grim and rigid tenacity. It was
Antonio Del Re, the nephew. Always extremely pale, his face at that
moment seemed to be made of wax. "Have you seen the _Empedocle_?" he
asked, with quivering lips and nostrils.

Canon Agro and Mattina quickly raised their hands to prevent him from
saying more.

"Attacking Roberto?" asked Donna Caterina.

"Attacking grandfather!" the boy replied, quivering. "A handful of
mud! And attacking you!"

"Filth! Filth!" exclaimed Agro. "For heaven's sake, don't let poor
Roberto hear about it!"

"He's reading it now," said his nephew, scornfully.

"No! No!" cried Agro, springing to his feet. "Oh, Lord in heaven, we
ought to have warned him! The scoundrels have already had the lesson
they deserved from our friend Veronica. For heaven's sake, go to him,
Donna Caterina.... Rashness, rashness, my boy!"

Donna Caterina hurried from the room; but it was too late. Roberto
Auriti, unaware of what Veronica had just done, had dashed off--pale
as death, his face contorted in a spasmodic smile, groping like a
blind man--to the office of the newspaper, by Porta Atenea. He had
there found the committee of the Party assembled, with Flaminio Salvo
at their head, to proclaim, immediately after the assault upon him,
the candidature of Ignazio Capolino. To the old porter, who stood on
guard in the waiting room, outside the glass door of the editor's
office, he had said--still with the same strange smile--that Roberto
Auriti wished to speak to the editor. Inside the office a sudden
silence had fallen; then the following excited words came to his ears:

"No, gentlemen! Let me go, it is my affair; I wrote the article, and I
will answer for it!"

He had not even seen who it was that came to meet him: he had flung
himself upon the man like a wild beast, had lifted him bodily in the
air and hurled him with such force against the door as to burst it
open, with a great crash of shattered glass.

When Veronica, Mattina, and his nephew Del Re came dashing upon the
scene, amid the crowd of people that had rushed in from all parts of
the building at the shouts that rose from the editor's room, Marco
Preola, his face streaming with blood and a knife in his hand, was
struggling frantically, shouting:

"Leave me alone, curse you, leave me alone! If you let him go now, I
shall kill him next time! Leave me alone! Leave me alone!"



INSIDE the entrance hall, among the palms and laurels, with the
coloured glass panes of the front door as a background, the precious
headless statue of Venus Urania, dug up at Colimbetra from the ground
on which the sumptuous villa now stood, seemed as though it were not
for shame at her own nakedness that she held her arm upraised to cover
the ideal face, which everyone who paused to admire her at once
imagined, bent slightly forward, as though it were actually there; but
in order that she might not see kneeling before her, outside the door
of the chapel which opened on the right, all those men so strangely
attired: Captain Sciaralla's Bourbon company.

Mass was just coming to an end. Inside the chapel, that gleamed with
marbles and stucco, were only the Prince, Don Ippolito, bowed in
prayer on his gilded and damask-covered faldstool before the altar;
behind him, Lisi Preola, Ms secretary; behind him again, the women of
the household: the housekeeper and two young maids. The male servants
must be content with hearing mass from the hall; only Liborio, the
Prince's favoured butler, in kneebreeches and silk stockings, was
allowed to take his place on the threshold of the chapel, more inside
than out; and this concession seemed to Sciaralla an act of sheer
injustice on Preola's part.

In his capacity as Captain, he felt that he deserved a seat at least
by the side of Preola himself, if not immediately next to the Prince.

Openly, no; he did not complain openly; prudence forbade; but it
caused him acute annoyance. And he had confessed this as a sin of
envy to Don Lagaipa, who came to Colimbetra every Sunday to say mass.

"In the sight of God at least we ought all to be equal, surely!"

All, except the Prince; that went without saying.

But was not he, Sciaralla, complaining because he wished to be
favoured, brought forward, distinguished from his subordinates, in the
sight of God? It wore the horns, then, the horns and hoofs of the
devil, this secret desire of his, which at first sight seemed
reasonable enough.

So Don Illuminato Lagaipa had stopped Sciaralla's mouth.

And Sciaralla heaved a deep sigh.

A real temptation of the devil, meanwhile, was that naked statue,
standing in front of the chapel there, to all the men of the bodyguard
who were obliged to remain outside. While their lips repeated the
prayers, their eyes strayed towards it, and... certain heating
passions! His Excellency the Prince, such a religious man as he was,
ought never to have left that naked figure exposed to view. Oh
dreadful! It seemed to be alive, it seemed.... The poor maidservants
lowered their eyes whenever they passed by it; even Don Illuminato
lowered his, the old hypocrite!

Meanwhile the marvellous form of the headless goddess smiled and
bloomed, emerging from a gulf in time, begotten of a Grecian chisel,
of a craftsman unconscious that his handiwork was to survive for so
long and to speak to a profane race in a diabolical tongue, there at
Colimbetra, the ornament now of an entrance hall, amid tubs of laurels
and palms.

Mass at an end, the men of the bodyguard stood at attention on either
side of the doorway, for the passage of the Prince, who made his way
to the Museum.

This was the name given to the ground-floor rooms on the other side of
the hall, where, among tall hothouse plants, was displayed the
collection, of antiquities, of priceless value: statues, sarcophagi,
vases, inscriptions, dug up at Colimbetra, which Don Ippolito had
described many years before in his _Memorie d'Akragas_, together with
the precious cabinet of medals to be seen upstairs, in the
drawing-room of the villa.

The famous Akragantine Colimbetra of antiquity was aetually much
farther down, at the lowest point of the plain, where three valleys
meet and the rocks divide and the line of the rugged brow, upon which
the Temples stand, is broken by a wide gap. At this spot, now known as
the Abbadia Bassa, the Akragantines, a century after the foundation of
their city, had formed their fishpond, a great basin of water
extending to the Hypsas, its bank combining with the river to form
part of the fortifications of the city.

Colimbetra had been the name given by Don Ippolito to his property
because he too, up above at its western extremity, had formed a basin
of water, fed in winter by the torrent that ran below Bonamorone and
in summer by a lady, the creaking wheel of which was turned from
morning to night by a blind mare. All round this basin was a delicious
grove of oranges and pomegranates.

In the Museum Don Ippolito was in the habit of spending the whole
morning intent upon his impassioned and uninterrupted study of
Akragantine antiquities. He was at present engaged in tracing, in a
fresh volume, the historical topography of the primitive city, with
the help of long and minute investigations on the spot, since his
modern Colimbetra covered the precise ground that had once been the
heart of the Greek Akragas.

Beside one of the broad windows of the inner room, hung with light
pink curtains, stood the massive inlaid writing table; but Don
Ippolito composed as a rule mentally, as he wandered through the
rooms; he would construct in the old manner two or three periods big
with _laonde_ and _conciossiache_, and would then go and commit them
to writing on the great sheets that lay ready upon the table, often
without bothering to sit down. With one hand on his chin, clasping his
lordly beard, which still preserved the last traces, a faint
suggestion of its original golden hue, the Prince, tall, vigorous,
still extremely handsome, notwithstanding his age and his baldness,
would pause before one or other of his relics, and gaze at it as
though his clear blue eyes, beneath their contracted brows, were
intent on the deciphering of some inscription or of the symbolical
figures upon some archaic vase. At times he would wave his hand, or
part his perfectly shaped lips, red with a youthful freshness, in a
faint smile of satisfaction, if he thought that he had found a
decisive, triumphant argument with which to defeat his topographical

On his desk that morning a volume of the _Histories_ of Polybius, in
the Greek text, lay open at Book IX, Chapter 27, at the page where
reference is made to the Akragantine Acropolis.

A most serious problem had been distracting Don Ippolito for some
months past, with regard to the site of this Acropolis.

"Am I disturbing you?" inquired, bowing on the threshold of this inner
room, Don Illuminato Lagaipa, who had meanwhile removed his sacred
vestments and partaken of his usual breakfast of chocolate and

He was a short, thickset priest, stunted in body but far from stunted
in mind, with a swarthy, sunburned face in which the blue eyes, too
pale for his complexion, seemed to wander helplessly. A good man, at
bottom, peace-loving and no bigot; here, in the presence of the
Prince, who made him stay to dinner every Sunday, he assumed, to
gratify his host, an air of rigid and bellicose intransigence, at
which he would afterwards laugh, discussing things philosophically
with his old and faithful Fifa, the meek ass which carried him back to
his bit of glebe by the graveyard of Bonamorone, a few acres of land
which--even if they were conscious of the rapid passage of
life--nevertheless, under this King or that, yielded their harvest
year in year out, and registered the effects of rain and sunshine,
ignorant of political and social changes.

"It is Sunday to-day, and we must abstain from work," he added,
holding up his hand with a smile.

"It is not real work, that I do," Don Ippolito told him with a modest,
graceful gesture. "No, of course not! _Otia, otia_, according to
Cicero!" Don Lagaipa corrected himself. "You are right. I looked in to
tell you that yesterday morning, before I went off to my glebe,
Monsignore did me the honour of charging me with a message to Your

"Monsignor Montoro?"

"Yes. He told me to warn Your Excellency that to-day, this afternoon,
God willing, he is coming here, to talk, I suppose, about the coming
election. Eh," he sighed, interlacing his fingers and waving his locked
hands. "It seems the old enemy feels his horns smarting.... War, war
... tempest! I hear that a couple of very queer fish have arrived from
Palermo, at the invitation, they say, of Canon Agro... yes, two who
are well-known as bottle washers to the heads of the mafia... yes, of
the infamous band of masons ... one Mattina and one Veronica...."

"Agro?" came grimly from Don Ippolito Lau-rentano, whose attention had
been caught by the name and ignored the rest of the speech. "Then Agro
does really intend to step down into the arena, with no sense of
decency, no respect even for the cloth he wears?"

"Ah!" Don Lagaipa again sighed. "He is my superior... superior... but
I am only repeating what is said... _relata refero_... he cannot get
over, they say, his not having been made Bishop instead of our Most
Excellent Monsignor Montero. He thinks he is saving his face with ..
with the plea of the old ties of friendship that bind him to

"A fine friendship to boast of!" growled Lau-rentano. "For a priest!"

"But Agro..." Don Illuminato began. He shut his eyes, shook his head,
emitted a third sigh: "Ah, it is a complicated business... yes, I
tell you... it is becoming very delicate. ..."

"For me?" cried Don Ippolito, springing to his feet (and his polished
scalp reddened). "Delicate for me? I would have Monsignor Montoro
know... he should know it already; I do not own and I have never owned
this Garibaldesco, Roberto Auriti, as my nephew. I do not even know
him by sight: he has never been here, nor would I for that matter have
allowed him to cross my threshold. And so, under orders from his
Government, with no invitation from the people, he is coming here, is
he, with the mad hope of taking Giacinto Fazello's place? Very good.
He shall have what he deserves. Without paying any consideration to my
unfortunate and in-vo-lun-ta-ry kinship, let us fight and win!"

"Ah, fight, fight, yes indeed! We shall have to fight!" said Don
Illuminato, knitting his brows fiercely over his pale, watery eyes.
"Even if we are fated not to win...."

"And why not?" asked Don Ippolito sternly. "What possible chance can
Auriti have of winning? What does Agro matter?"

"But... people say... the Prefecture..." and Don Illuminato scratched
his bristling jowl.

"It has no hold!" the Prince at once retorted. "We saw that at the
last municipal election."

"Quite so, quite so..." Don Lagaipa agreed. "Still... with the mafia
taking the field, now ... the police befriending him... all the evil
arts... they say... and now there's a man coming... I don't know his
name, a bigwig ... a Deputy... Selmi, I think I heard some one say..."

Don Ippolito remained silent for a while, an expression of disgust on
his face; then, shaking his fist, broke out:

"Filangieri! Filangieri!"

Lagaipa shook his head with a groan at this invocation, which fell
frequently from the Prince's lips and was always accompanied by this
gesture of furious rage.


He knew with what veneration Don Ippolito Laurentano still cherished
the memory of Satriano, the blessed represser of the Sicilian.
Revolution of 1848, the far-seeing, energetic restorer of law and
order after the sixteen months of the _obscene revolutionary bonfire_.
The horror of those sixteen months had remained vividly in the
Prince's mind, especially the brutal assaults of the populace upon
hereditary privileges and religious belief. Satriano had been to him
as the sun in his splendour, triumphant over that subversive storm;
and like a sun, when the clouds had passed, he had blazed in the
Sicilian sky from the Norman palace in Palermo, thrown open in a
series of brilliant entertainments to surround his authority with a
Napoleonic prestige. There, in the palace, Don Ippolito had met Donna
Teresa Montalto, then a young girl, whom Satriano had afterwards
condescended to give away in person at her marriage, taking great
pains to secure from the King, for him, the bridegroom, the Order of
San Gennaro, which his father had worn before him. The storm had
broken once more in 1860: from his retreat at Colimbetra he could hear
the distant rumble: from there he fought with all his might, within
the small circuit of his native town: the Bourbon cause was for the
moment lost; they must fight next to secure the triumph of the
ecclesiastical power; Rome once restored to the Pope, anything might
happen! In the meantime, they must at all costs prevent Giacinto
Fazello's seat in Parliament from being usurped by Roberto Auriti.

"Besides," he went on, "Auriti has lost any standing he may ever have
had in the place. He has not been here for the last twenty years."

"Still, friendship, you know..." Lagaipa gently opposed, "he may have
some friends here still..."

"Friendship counts for nothing in these days," Don Ippolito replied
curtly. "Weighed against material interests, it is nothing!"

So saying, he took from the table the volume of Polybius, which was
lying open, and instinctively raised it to his eyes. At once they
turned to the passage which he had read and worried over so often, the
_crux_ about that wretched Acropolis. He lost interest in the
conversation; read the passage through once again, his mind again
filled with the controversy that was disturbing him; sighed; shut the
book, keeping his forefinger between the pages, and, placing it behind
his back, said:

"In fact, Don Illuminato, we have got to win! I, myself, look, have
at this moment up against me an army of erudite Germans; topographers;
historians ancient and modern, of all nations; popular tradition; yet
I do not call myself beaten. The field of battle is here. Here I
await them!"

He showed him the book, tapping the page with his knuckles, and went

"How would you translate the words: kat' autas tas therhinas

Under the shock of this fourfold "ass" which fell upon him like four
sudden blows, poor Don Illuminato Lagaipa almost reeled. He felt that
he had not deserved such treatment. Don Ippolito smiled; then,
slipping his arm through the other's, went on:

"Come with me. I shall explain to you in a couple of words what I

They went out upon the vast lawn in front of the villa; walked some
way to the right of it; then, turning round, the Prince pointed out to
the priest the wide stretch of land that rose behind the villa in a
precipitous ascent, crowned at its summit by an isolated mound,
iron-red, a hillock completely escarped all round.

"That, now, is the Akrean hill," he began. "The thing on the top, our
famous Rupe Atenea. Very good. Polybius says: _The high part_ (the
citadel, the so-called Acropolis, in fact) _overhangs the city_
(observe) _in the direction of the sunrise in summer_. And will you
kindly tell me where the sun rises in summer? Perhaps from behind the
hill on which Girgenti stands? No! It rises over there, from the Rupe.
And so it was up there, if anywhere, that the Acropolis stood, and not
upon the site of the modern Girgenti, as these German Doctors try to
make out. I shall prove it... I shall prove it! Let them put Camicus
up there... Cocale's palace... Omphax... anything they like... but
not the Acropolis."

And with a wave of his hand he swept aside Girgenti, which appeared
for a moment, standing up to the left of the Rock, and lower down.
"There," he went on, pointing again to the Rupe Atenea and gathering
inspiration, "there, to yonder sublime watch-tower and sanctuary only,
not an acropolis, not an acropolis, a shrine of the patron deities,
Gellias climbed, quivering with rage and scorn, to the temple of the
Goddess Athena, dedicated also to Zeus Atabirius, and set fire to it
to save it from profanation. After a siege of eight months, reduced by
famine, the Akragantines, in terror of death, abandon the aged, the
children and the infirm and flee, protected by the Syracusan Daphneus,
by the Gela gate. The eight hundred Campanians have withdrawn from the
hill; the vile Desippus has sought a place of safety; any further
resistance is useless. Gellias alone stands firm! He hopes by
faith to preserve his life, and retires to the sanctuary of Athena.
Its walls dismantled, its marvellous buildings in ruins, the whole
city is burning here below; and he from above, gazing down at the vast
and awful holocaust which raises a funeral pall of flame and smoke
between land and sea, elects to perish in the fire of the Goddess."

"A stupendous description, stupendous!" exclaimed Lagaipa, his eyes
starting from his head.

Below them, on the second of the three broad flowering terraces that
led down to the villa like three steps of a giant staircase, Placido
Sciaralla and Lisi Preola, leaning upon the marble balustrade, had
broken off their conversation and now stood nodding their heads,
marvelling like the priest at the fire of the Prince's utterance,
albeit at that distance they had not caught a single word.

Don Ippolito Laurentano, still carried away by excitement, stood
gazing with his deep blue eyes at the magnificent panorama. Where he
had just been picturing the terrible fire and destruction, there
reigned now the unconscious peace of the countryside; where had been
the heart of the ancient city rose now a grove of almond trees and
olives, the grove which for that reason still bore the name _della
Civita_. The almond boughs had begun to shed their leaves, with the
approach of autumn, and, among the perennial boughs of the ashen-grey
olives, seemed almost ethereal, assumed a tint of roseate gold in the

Beyond the grove, on the long brow of the hill, rose the remains of
the famous temples, which seemed to have been set there on purpose, on
the skyline, to enhance the marvellous view from the princely villa.
Beyond the brow, the table-land, on which the ancient city had stood
in its splendour and might, fell in a sheer and rocky precipice to the
plain of San Gregorio, formed by the alluvial deposits of the Akragas:
a calm, luminous plain, stretching out until it ended, far away, in
the sea.

"I cannot abide these Teutons," said the Prince, as he returned with
Don Illuminato Lagaipa to the Museum, "these Teutons who, being
impotent now in the use of arms, invade us with their books and come
and talk nonsense in our country, where so much nonsense is being
talked and done already."

At this moment they heard the rumble of a carriage upon the sunken
road behind the villa, and Don Ippolito knitted his brows. A moment
later Liborio, the butler, entered the room, confused, speechless with

"Pa-pardon me, Your Excellency," he stammered. "The... the Signora
has arrived from Girgenti."

"What Signora?" inquired the Prince.

"Your sister... Donna Caterina."

Don Ippolito stood motionless for a moment as though stunned by a
sudden blow on the head. His nostrils twitched, he turned pale. Then,
all of a sudden, the blood surged to his head. He shut his eyes, again
grew pale, knitted his brows, clenched his fists, and, with his heart
hammering against his ribs, asked:

"Here? Where is she?"

"Upstairs, Excellency, in the drawing-room," Liborio replied; and,
after a pause, seeing that the Prince was still perplexed, inquired:

"Have I done wrong?"

Don Ippolito gazed at him for some time, as though he had not heard;
then said:

"No...." And he left the room, without so much as a glance at Lagaipa.
His mind in a turmoil, he was trying to think of some possible
explanation of this extraordinary visit, unwilling, incapable of
admitting the explanation that had first flashed across his mind, to
wit that his sister, she who in one misfortune after another had
invariably refused with obstinate pride, nay with contempt, every
offer of assistance, had now come to intercede on behalf of her son
Roberto. But what else could she require of him?


When he had climbed the stairs, he was so burdened by anxiety, a prey
to so stifling an agitation, that he was obliged to stop for a moment
on the threshold. Should he go in? Present himself to her in that
state? No. He must regain his composure first. And he stole off on
tiptoe to his bedroom. There, instinctively, he made for the case in
which were preserved a portrait of her in miniature, taken when she
was a girl of sixteen, and the two letters that she had written him,
letters without heading or signature, one from Turin, after the
violent death of their father, the other from Girgenti, on her return
from exile, after the death of her husband.

The first, the more faded sheet of the two, ran as follows:

The property confiscated from Gerlando Laurentano by the Bourbon
Government, was restored to his son Ippolito by Carlo Pilangieri di
Satriano. I have no further interest, therefore, in my patrimony. The
wife and son of Stefano Auriti will not eat the bread of an enemy of
their country.

The other was more laconic:

Thank you. For the widow and orphans, the poor relatives of Stefano
Auriti will provide. From you, nothing. Thank you.

He thrust the two letters aside and fixed his gaze on the miniature,
which he had removed from the drawing-room in his father's house after
his sister's elopement with Stefano Auriti.

Since then--it was now forty-five years ago--he had not set eyes on
her again!

How could he look again now, after all those years, after that endless
succession of calamities, upon this lovely young girl whom he saw
before him, blooming, in a deeply cut bodice, dressed in the quaint
old fashion, with those keen, thoughtful eyes?

He shut the case again, after casting another glance at the two
scornful notes; and sombre, frowning, made his way to the

Raising the curtain at the door, he saw, with eyes clouded by emotion,
his sister standing to receive him, tall, dressed in black. He stopped
just inside the threshold, overpowered by a crushing stupor at the
sight of that ravaged, unrecognizable face.

"Caterina," he murmured, as he stood there, and instinctively held out
his arms to her.

She did not move: she remained there, in the middle of the room,
waxen-pale in her heavy widow's weeds, with drawn face and shut eyes;
proud, exalted, hardened by the strain of waiting for him. She let him
come to her and barely touched his hand with her own cold, lifeless
hand, gazing at him now with those weary eyes of hers, clouded by
grief, half-hidden and that unequally, by her drooping eyelids.

"Sit down," said her brother, lowering his eyes, as though afraid to
look at her, and pointed to the sofa and armchairs by the wall on the

They sat down, and remained for a long time incapable of speech, in a
silence that throbbed with intense, violent emotion. Don Ippolito shut
his eyes. His sister, after making several attempts to swallow a lump
in her throat, said finally, in a hoarse voice:

"Roberto is here."

Don Ippolito started; opened his eyes again, and, instinctively, let
them range round the room, as though--bewildered amid the tumultuous
flood of intimate memories--he were afraid of an ambush.

"Not here," Donna Caterina went on with a cold, bitter, barely
perceptible smile, "on your alien ground. At Girgenti, since the day
before yesterday."

Don Ippolito, overwhelmed, nodded his head several times to indicate
that he was aware of this.

"And I know why he has come," he added in a sombre tone; then raised
his head and looked at his sister with a painful effort: "What can

"Nothing... oh, nothing," Donna Caterina made haste to reply. "I wish
you to fight against him with all your force. It would be the last
straw if you too were to support him, and he won the election by your
party's votes!"

"You know quite well..." her brother attempted to interpose.

"I know, I know," Donna Caterina promptly silenced him with a wave of
her hand. "But fight him, Ippolito, not knife in hand, not stealing
out to dig up graves, like a hyaena, to lay bare sacred tombs from
which the dead might rise and make you die of fright."

"Gently, gently," said Don Ippolito, holding out hands that trembled,
not so much in protest as to placate this tragic phantom of his sister
in her tremendous agitation. "I do not understand what you mean...."

"It is burning my hands," said Donna Caterina, flinging upon the
little table by the sofa a much crumpled copy of the _Empedocle_. Don
Ippolito picked up the sheet, opened it and began to read.

"With such dirty weapons.... Attacking a dead man..." Donna Caterina
murmured, as a commentary upon her brother's reading.

Breathless with emotion, she watched him read the article and observed
the expression of disgust on his face.

"Roberto," she continued, "went to the office of this paper. He met
there the writer of the article, who is the son, they tell me, of one
of your ... serfs here, Preola. He seized him and flung him against a
door. They tore the man from him. ... Now the man, armed with a knife
(which he brandishes!) threatens to kill him; and only this morning he
was seen lurking outside my house. But I am not afraid of him; I am
afraid that Roberto may compromise himself again and soil his
hands.... Is this how you choose to fight him?"

Don Ippolito who, as he went on reading, had listened in suspense to
her story, at this last question recoiled, indignant, as though his
sister had struck him in the face, by associating him with the abject
creature who had written the article.

He rose stiffly to his feet; but at once controlled himself and went
to ring a bell. To Liborio, who promptly appeared in the doorway, he
gave the order: "Preola!"

Presently the old secretary entered bowing, obsequious, indeed
crawling, as though he had been driven into the room by blows. He was
wearing a long and heavy frock coat. From his low collar, which was
too large for him, his huge, bald, bony, beardless head emerged like
the head of a flayed calf.

"Yes, Your Excellency?"

"Send over at once to Girgenti for your son," the Prince ordered him.
"He is to come here immediately! I wish to speak to him."

"Your Excellency, allow me," Preola ventured to say, bowing and
scraping even lower, with his hand on his heart, while the network of
veins started out on his crimson scalp, "allow me to present my most
humble duty to the most excellent lady, your sister..."

"That will do, I tell you!" the Prince shouted angrily. "I know what I
have to say to your son. Or rather, listen! He disgusts me so, that I
do not wish either to speak to him or to see him. You shall say to
him that if he dares to show his ugly face again in the streets of
Girgenti, you will be turned out of the house: I shall dismiss you
instantly! Is that clear?"

Preola extracted a handkerchief from the tail pocket of his coat and
assented, reiterated his assent, as he mopped his scalp; then pressed
the handkerchief to his eyes and sobbed until his whole body shook.

"A gallowsbird... a gallowsbird..." he moaned. "He is disgracing me,
Your Excellency. ... I am sending him away, to Tunis.... I have made
all the arrangements already.... Meanwhile, I shall have him fetched
here at once. Forgive me, have pity on me, Your Excellency."

And he left the room, bowing and scraping, with the handkerchief to
his lips.

Donna Caterina rose.

"By this," Don Ippolito told her, "I do not mean in the least to
forfeit any of my rights in the fight for my principles against your

Donna Caterina raised her eyes to a large portrait in oils of
Francesco II, and to another of King Bomba, which had pride of place
in the magnificent drawing-room, on one wall: bowed her head and said:

"That is understood. I told you so myself."

And she prepared to leave the room.

"Caterina!" Don Ippolito called after her, as she was reaching the
door. "You are not going away like that? Perhaps we may never see each
other again.... You came here..."

"Like a ghost from the tomb..." she said, shaking her head.

"And I should not have known you," her brother went on. "Because...
wait here a moment: let me show you how I remembered you, Caterina."

He hastened to fetch the miniature from the case in his bedroom, and
handed it to her: "Look.... Do you remember?"

Donna Caterina at first felt a violent shock at the sight of her own
youthful image, and drew back her head; then took the miniature from
his hands, went over to the balcony and began to study it. Those
lifeless eyes had long had no tears left to shed, and now tears welled
in them. Her brother, too, was silently crying.

"Would you like to keep it?" he asked her in broken accents.

She shook her head, wiping her eyes with her black-bordered
handkerchief, and hurriedly returned the miniature to him.

"Dead," she said. "Good-bye."

Don Ippolito escorted her to the door of the villa; helped her into
the carriage; pressed a long kiss on her hand; then followed her with
his gaze until the carriage turned from the short avenue on the left
to pass through the gate of the villa. There one of the bodyguard, in
Bourbon uniform, had thought fit to take up his post, to present arms.
Don Ippolito noticed him and stamped his foot with rage.

"These tomfooleries!" he growled, glaring at Captain Sciaralla, who
was standing in the hall.

He retired upstairs, shut himself up in his bedroom, and from there
sent his apologies to Don Illuminato for not asking him to remain to


Monsignor Montero arrived at four o'clock in his silent carriage,
drawn by a pair of active mules in blinkers.

He was accompanied by Vincente De Vincentis, the Arabic scholar, who
that day had forsaken the library of Itria for the adjoining Episcopal
Palace, and had sought relief in speech, in speaking for all the days
and months on end in which, as though he had left his tongue as a
marker between the pages of those blessed Arabic manuscripts, he had
remained as dumb as a fish.

He had talked in the carriage too, during their drive, in starts and
bursts and dashes which convulsed all his meagre, bony, quivering
little body with its lean red face always frowning, and eyes fixed and
hard behind his powerful glasses.

More than once the Bishop, with his soft womanish hands or his honeyed
voice, with its measured inflexions, suffused, one felt, with a pure,
protecting authority, had urged him to calm himself; he was now
recommending, quietly, prudence, prudence, as they passed through the
gate of the villa amid the reverent salutes of the bodyguard; and once
again, with a motion of his hand, "prudence," before alighting from
the carriage.

The visitors were at once conducted by Liborio to the drawing-room,
but passed out on to the marble terrace supported by the columns of
the porch, to enjoy the magnificent outlook over land and sea.

Looking down, they could trace the whole line of the distant coast
against the crude azure of the boundless sea, from Punta Bianca, to
the east, which stood out like a silver spur, on and on, with bays and
promontories more or less gently curving, to Monte Rossetto on the
west, the ruddy glare of whose beacon was visible only at night. For a
short space only, almost bisecting the gentle, sweeping curve, the
coast line was broken by the mouth of the Hypsas.

Don Ippolito joined them presently, in great excitement, not yet
recovered from the serious disturbance which his sister's visit had
caused him.

"I've brought our friend De Vincentis with me," Monsignor Montoro at
once began, "because there is something he wishes to see in your
Museum, my dear Prince. If you will send some one with him, we can
remain out here, in this bower of bliss: I cannot tear myself away
from it. But first of all De Vincentis has a favour to ask of you."

"Yes," the other broke out, as though he had received an electric
shock. "I meant to come out by myself, this morning. But Monsignore
said no, he said, 'better come with me.' It is a very serious matter,
very serious indeed...."

"Let us hear what it is," said the Prince, inviting him with a wave of
his hand to resume his seat on the chair of woven rushes on the

De Vincentis stooped to see where the chair was; then sitting down and
gripping the arms of it with his dry, hooked little hands, he burst

"Ruined, Don Ippolito! We are ruined!"

"No, come now... no..." Monsignore tried to correct this statement,
holding out a hand burdened with his episcopal ring.

"Ruined, Monsignore, allow me to say!" De Vincentis repeated; and his
hollow red cheeks turned livid. "And the cause of our ruin is my
brother Nini! He has been to... to..."

Once again the Bishop's hands were outstretched; De Vincentis observed
the gesture in time and caught himself up. But the Prince had already
guessed his meaning.

"To Salvo," he said soothingly. "I know that you have surrendered to

"Nini! Nini!" screamed De Vincentis. "Primosole ... Nini! It was he
that surrendered it. ... I know nothing, I tell you; nothing at all
about it; I'm in the dark, a blind man.... And he is blinder than I
am, stupid, mad, lovesick. ... What is the word? A _transfer_ of
Primosole. ... Yes! I have signed the receipt... although... only
the farm, you know, has been paid for, and that in a way that makes
one laugh..."

"No, why?" Monsignore again interrupted him, gravely.

"Cry, then!" retorted De Vincentis, who had now completely lost his
head. "Does that satisfy you? Eighty-five thousand lire, and the villa
thrown in! My mother's old home, there..."

And he pointed with his hand towards the east, over the ridge of the
Sperone, to the higher hill beyond known as _Torre che parla_, and
shaped like a couchant lion, its coat and mane supplied by a dense
growth of olives.

"Forty-two thousand," he went on, "was for bills that had fallen due:
the rest, clean vanished, blown to the winds in less than two years!
Where? How? Now I hear that he's talking of letting Salvo have the
Milione estate as well. And what have we left? Debts to Salvo... our
other debts... I know, I've heard all about it.... You are going to
marry, I'm told, his sister... Donna Adelaide..."

"And what has that got to do with it?" asked the Prince, puzzled,
vexed, looking at Monsignor Montero.

"I congratulate you, mind, I congratulate you...." went on De
Vincentis promptly, turning as red as a lobster. "We are ruined,
though, all the same!"

And he rose so that the others should not see the tears behind his
gold-rimmed glasses. Don Ippolito looked again at the Bishop, in
search of enlightenment.

"Let me explain," said the Bishop in a grave tone, a tone of regret at
the young man's disobedience, and let droop over his clear pale
prominent eyes a pair of eyelids as thin as layers of onion-skin. "Let
me explain. I know that Flaminio Salvo has already made over the
Primosole estate to his sister, and that he is prepared, when the time
comes, to make over Milione as well. But I am distressed at the way in
which our friend Vincente has expressed himself, because... because
that is not the way in which to refer to people who are held in the
highest esteem, people from whom perhaps, without knowing it, we may
have received some benefit."

De Vincentis, who was standing with his back to them while he wiped
his eyes, turned round at the Bishop's closing words.


"Yes, my son. You cannot tell, because, unfortunately, you have never
taken any interest in your affairs. You now see the disastrous state
they are in, and feel the need to inculpate somebody, wrongly; instead
of applying a remedy. Was not that why you came here?"

De Vincentis, who was still speechless with emotion, nodded his head.

"It would be better," Monsignore went on, "if you were to go
downstairs; if you will allow him, Prince. I shall explain to the
Prince what it is that you want."

Don Ippolito rose and asked De Vincentis to accompany him; then, at
the head of the stair, handed him over to Liborio, to whom he gave the
key of the Museum, and returned to the Bishop, who greeted him with a
sigh, waving his clasped hands.

"A couple of poor wretches, he and his brother! Flaminio Salvo, I
assure you, Prince, has treated them like a true friend. Without
taking any... don't for goodness' sake let us say usury, there was
never any thought of that; without asking for interest, he first of
all lent them very considerable sums; he next had an offer from
themselves of an estate with which he, a banker, wrapped up in
business, you can understand, does not know what to do: any other
creditor would have put the place up to auction, to recover his
outlay. Instead of which he has acted in a friendly spirit, and has
continued to open his purse to the brothers, who spend and spend... I
can't think how, upon what... they have no vices, poor fellows, that I
must say; the best boys in the world; but not very much brain. The
fact of the matter is that they are sailing on troubled waters."

"Do they want help from me?" Don Ippolito asked, in a tone which let
it be understood that he would be perfectly willing to afford such
help. "No, no," Monsignore replied anxiously. "To ask for something
which, I am sure, will be refused. De Vincentis believes that Nini,
his younger brother, is in love with Flaminio Salvo's daughter,

"And?" the Prince echoed.

But he had understood already; and the conversation ended, Sicilian
fashion, in an exchange of significant gestures. Don Ippolito laid
both hands on his bosom and asked with his eyes: "Am I expected to
convey the request to Salvo?" Monsignore nodded a melancholy assent;
the other first of all shook his head in refusal, then raised his
shoulders and one hand in a vague gesture, as much as to say: "I
shan't do it, but supposing I did?" Monsignore sighed, and that was

They sat for a while in silence.

Don Ippolito, for some years past, had been confusedly aware that this
Monsignor Montoro was a grave burden to him, not so much in the flesh
as in the spirit, as though with the dead weight of his pink, too well
cared for person, he were encumbering all sorts of things round about
him and dependent upon him, and preventing any development. What
things, he would, to tell the truth, have found it hard to say; but
obviously, with that figure, with that pink inert cumbersome
flabbiness, he must be allowing any number of things to slide which
another man, perhaps, in his place, more active and less effeminate,
would have set in motion, would indeed have stirred up and carried to
a conclusion.

Monsignore for his part was aware that between him and the Prince
there existed a feeling not easy to define, which often on one side or
the other shrank instinctively hack, leaving a yawning gulf between
them which gave rise in each of them to a faintly gnawing bitterness.

Perhaps this gulf was created by a subject upon which Monsignore knew
that he must not touch, and which was yet so intimate a part of the
Prince's life: to wit, his archaeological studies, his worship of the
past. He could not venture upon this subject, for fear of its
furnishing Don Ippolito with an excuse for referring again to a matter
of which he, a man of the world and absolutely free from superstition,
did not wish to hear any more. More than once the Prince had
endeavoured to persuade him to devote at least a small portion of the
considerable emoluments of his See to the restoration of the old
Cathedral, a splendid example of Norman art, ruined in the eighteenth
century by horrible incrustations of stucco and the most vulgar
gilding. He had refused, telling the Prince that, should he ever
succeed in putting aside any savings, he would prefer to establish a
fund with which he might bring back to the Convent of Sant'Alfonso,
next door to the Cathedral, the Liguorine Fathers who had been
expelled after 1860. Don Ippolito took not the slightest interest in
the improvements that had been effected in his native town by the new
administrations which had replaced the _decurie_ and _intendenti_ of
his day. Albeit he allowed himself no rest from the fray and shewed a
spirit resolute to attain the goal, he no longer believed in his heart
of hearts that he would ever set eyes again on the town from which he
had banished himself. He saw it in imagination as it had been before
that fatal year, still with its _burgi_ and _stazzoni_, that is to say
its ricks of straw and its kilns on the marshy space outside Porta di
Ponte; still with the three great crosses of the Calvary on the brow
of the hill, from which year by year, on Good Friday, sermons were
preached to the whole population assembled beneath, and still with the
old garden which one of his devoted friends, Colonel Flores, commander
of the Bourbon garrison, seeking to ingratiate the citizens, had laid
out there ten years before the Revolution. He knew that this garden
had been destroyed to enlarge the terrace on the side looking towards
the sea; he knew that on the marshy space there now rose a huge
palace, intended to house the provincial offices and to be the
headquarters of the Prefecture. But this too was in his eyes an
unworthy usurpation, since the foundation stone of the palace had been
laid in 1858 by a philanthropic Bishop, who intended to build a great
hospice there for the poor; wherefore the old people still spoke of it
as the Palazzo della Beneficenza.

He would have liked the Cathedral to be restored by Monsignor Montero,
because the churches... ah, those were not buildings which the new
people could take any pleasure in adorning; and they were the one
thing for which he felt a profound regret. There came to him, in his
banishment, the sound of the bells of the nearer churches. He knew
every one of them, and would say: "There, that's the Badia Grande
ringing now... that's San Pietro now... that's San Francesco..."

There came, this evening, too, to break the long silence into which he
and the Bishop, out there on the terrace, had drifted, the sound of
the Angelus from the chapel of San Pietro. The sky, which a moment
earlier had been an intense blue, was all suffused with violet light;
and beneath, among the already harvested fields, in the gathering
dusk, there stood out among the stripped almond trees a line of tall
nocturnal cypresses, like a vigilant picket on guard over the Temple
of Concord that soared majestic into the air from the crest of the

Monsignor Montero removed his zucchetto and bowed his head slightly,
shutting his eyes; the Prince crossed himself, and joined him in
silent prayer.

After which, "Have you heard of the scandais," the Bishop inquired
gravely, "which are bound, I fear, to disturb our peaceful diocese?"

Don Ippolito nodded his head, with half-shut eyes.

"My sister has been here."

"Here?" the Bishop asked in utter amazement.

Don Ippolito thereupon told him briefly of his sister's visit and of
the violent shock that it had given him.

"Oh, I understand! I understand!" exclaimed Monsignore, raising his
clasped, white hands and letting his own eyelids droop also.

"So altered..." Don Ippolito heaved a deep sigh.

To change the conversation, Monsignor Mon-toro, after drawing a long
breath, groaned:

"And now our paladin is determined to take the field at all costs; and
that will be a fresh scandal, which I should have liked to avoid if
possible. ..."

"Capolino?" Don Ippolito frowned. "Is he going to fight?"

"Why, yes! He has been assaulted..."

"He? It was Preola!"

"He too! You haven't heard the whole story, then? Our friend Capolino
was assaulted in the morning by one Veronica, who was then in the
company of Agro, who is giving me so much trouble...."

"She never told me...." Don Ippolito's murmur was barely audible.

"Because it appears," Monsignore explained, "at least this is what
people are saying in the town, it appears that Auriti knew nothing
about the quarrel in the morning. It may be so. We shall have to turn
a blind eye, because the insult, oh, the insult was very serious; they
flung the paper in his face, on the public highway.... You know that
our friend Capolino is a hot-tempered man, a regular knight-errant....
It was impossible to make him listen to reason, to make him observe
the Christian precept. He has sent the challenge already...."

"I know that he is a good swordsman," said Don Ippolito grimly. "When
all is said and done, it will do no harm to teach one of these fellows
a lesson, and take them all down a peg. For my own part, Monsignore, I
said as much to my own sister, a fight to a finish!"

"But of course! The victory, the victory is ours, beyond question,"
was the Bishop's conclusion.

Another spell of silence followed; then Monsignore roused himself and
inquired: "Landino?" as though it had just occurred to him to put this
question, which was as a matter of fact the true reason of his visit.

It was he who had planned this marriage between Donna Adelaide Salvo
and Don Ippolito; he had given the latter to understand that only out
of regard for him had Flaminio Salvo agreed to his sister's
contracting this invalid marriage, invalid at least in the eyes of the
State; but that he was anxious--and quite rightly--that the son of the
first marriage should acknowledge his mother-in-law, and should be
present at the religious ceremony: in dealing with a gentleman of his
quality, the mere fact of his presence would be sufficient to cover
all eventualities.

Don Ippolito's face darkened.

After a long inward struggle, he had written to his son, who had been
brought up entirely away from home; first of all at Palermo, among his
Montalto relatives, then in Rome; so that the two were not on
intimate terms. He knew that his son had ideas and sentiments
diametrically opposed to his own, although they had never had
occasion, to discuss anything together. He was far from satisfied with
the manner in which he had informed his son of his decision to make
this second marriage, and with the terms in which he had expressed his
desire to have his son with him at Colimbetra for the wedding. Too
many excuses: loneliness, old age, the need of loving attention. ...
He felt that he had degraded himself in his son's eyes. His feeling of
disgust and degradation was, however, not due merely to a badly
drafted letter: it sprang from a cause more intimate and profound, in
his own heart.

Without having originally any deliberate intention, he had let himself
be persuaded into putting into effect a plan which at first sight he
had deemed impracticable; the serious obstacle of his own scruples
overcome, the bride found, the marriage arranged, he had suddenly
found himself bound by an engagement which he had not sufficiently
weighed, and had been powerless to draw back upon any pretext. The
Salvo family, even if they had no title of nobility, were nevertheless
of ancient blood; the bride's age was suitable; no serious objection
could be made to her appearance, in the photograph they had shewn him
of Donna Adelaide; and then there was the satisfaction of the
deference paid to his political and religious principles.... Yes, yes;
but the cherished memory of Donna Teresa Montalto? and his humiliating
consciousness of his own weakness? He had been powerless to hold out
against the secret terror that had been assailing him for some time
past, in his loneliness, at the thought of his old age, especially at
night, when he shut himself up in his bedroom and, looking at his
hands, found himself thinking that... yes, death is always hovering
over all of us, children, young men and old, invisible, ready at any
moment to clutch us; but, as we see drawing gradually nearer the limit
set to man's life upon earth, and when already, year after year, for
mile after mile of our journey, we have somehow avoided the assault
of that invisible companion, then gradually, on the one hand, the
illusion of a probable escape diminishes, and there grows, on the
other hand, and overpowers us the cold, dark sense of the tremendous
necessity of meeting him, of finding ourselves of a sudden facing him
as man to man, in the narrow span of time that remains to us. And he
felt his breath fail; he felt his throat tightened by an inexpressible
anguish. His hands filled him with horror. His hands were the only
part of him, so far, that showed signs of age: their swollen knuckles,
their wrinkled skin. Yes, his hands had begun to die. Often they
became numb. And he could no longer, at night, as he lay on his back
in bed, bear to see them folded upon his belly. And yet this was his
natural posture: he must stretch himself out thus to woo sleep. But
no: he saw himself lying dead, with those hands as it were turned to
stone upon his belly; and at once he would lose patience, assume
another posture, torment himself far into the night....

For this reason he had expressed the desire for a more intimate
companionship; and now his desire was being put into effect; but
secretly it filled him with irritation and shame. He felt that this
desire had acquired the power over him of a will that was no longer
his own. An alien force indeed had assumed control over him and was
guiding him and leading him astray, powerless any longer to resist;
like a horse that has given the first impetus to a carriage upon a
downward slope, now by the carriage itself, or rather by the force
that he had given it, he felt himself thrust and driven on against his

"Has not answered?" Monsignore put in, to break the dark ring of
silence into which the Prince had withdrawn. "Very well; I only wished
to know He will answer. In the meantime... listen: we have talked to
Flaminio about the formal introduction. It can be arranged at
Valsania, I suppose? Donna Adelaide will go down to see her niece and
her poor sister-in-law; you, from this house, by the road, without
passing through the town, can go to call upon your brother and his
guests. Is that all right? In the course of the week. You shall choose
the day."

"At once," said the Prince, mastering himself with a violent effort.

"Too soon..." Monsignore observed with a smile. "We shall have to warn
them... to give them time.... The day after to-morrow perhaps,--no:
it's a Tuesday. Women, you know, attach importance to these things. It
will have to be Wednesday."

And he rose, with an effort and with due regard to his plump, pink,
effeminately cared-for person, sighing: "_Bene eveniat_! That poor
boy..." he went on, alluding to De Vincentis. "If we could find any
way of soothing him.... I should be so glad. ... Mah!"

At the foot of the stair Monsignore Montoro stopped the Prince and,
pointing to the door of the Museum, in which De Vincentis was,

"Don't let him see you. You can bid him goodbye from the terrace. Good

The Prince kissed his ring and went upstairs again. A minute later,
from the terrace, he bowed to the Bishop and waved his hand to De
Vincentis, who took off his hat, evidently without recognising him. He
remained there, sitting by the balustrade, watching, over the dead
silence of the fields, the shadows gradually deepening, the ruddy
streak of sunset, which became livid and seemed to smoke over the
distant blue sea, above which in the background, loomed the dark
olive-groves of Montelusa, to the right of the gleaming mouth of the
Hypsas. High up in the sky a sickle moon was beginning to shine.

Don Ippolito gazed at the temples where they stood grouped austere and
solemn in the dusk, and felt a vague sorrow for these survivors from
another world and another life. Among all the famous monuments of the
vanished city, to them alone had it been granted to witness this
remote age: the only living things once, amid the appalling
destruction of the city; the only dead things now amid all that life
of the trees that throbbed, in the silence, with leaves and wings.
>From the intervening hill of Tamburello there seemed to be moving up
towards the Temple of Hera Lacinia, poised there aloft, almost
vertically above the ravine of the Akragas, a long and dense
procession of ancient, hoary olives; and one there was, in advance of
the rest, bowed over its kneeling trunk, as though overpowered by the
imminent majesty of the sacred columns; and perhaps it was praying for
peace upon those deserted slopes, for peace from those temples,
phantoms of another world and of a far different life. Hot, flaming,
clamorous, the civilisation that at one time reigned upon those slopes
had melted away, being founded upon sentiment and illusion: raucous
with machinery, ice-cold, the civilisation of to-day, founded upon
reason, came sweeping down from the north, like a sheet of snow.

Suddenly, through the darkness that had now fallen, there sounded the
distant cry of a horned owl, like a sob.

Don Ippolito felt a lump gather suddenly in his throat. He looked at
the stars which were now twinkling in the sky, and fancied that their
bright tremor was being answered from the deserted fields by the
tremulous shrill song of the grasshoppers. Then he saw, beyond the
river-bed, to the east, the wavering light of four dark lanterns mount
the steep ridge of the Sperone.

It was Sciaralla, who was climbing the hill with his three companions,
to mount their ineffectual guard at the barrack-room above.



AS the first glimmer of dawn filtered down through the thick, leathery
leaves of the wild fig-tree that overshadowed the end of the vineyard,
Mauro Mortara, sitting propped against its trunk, knitted his brows,
stretched his arms, straightened his back and emitted a rumbling sound
from his throat and nose.

With the return of consciousness he blinked two or three times; he
hungered still for the warm darkness of sleep; but at that moment he
heard a cock crow from a distant farmyard, and a second cock, farther
off still, crow in answer; he heard a flutter of wings close at hand,
and roused himself.

The three mastiffs, crouching beneath the tree by his side, watched
him with moist, anxious eyes, greeting him affectionately with their
tails. But their master only stared at them, annoyed that they should
have seen him asleep; then stared at his own legs, stretching out
rigid upon the muddy soil of the vineyard; earth upon earth; shook his
woollen cloak from his shoulders; rubbed his watery eyes with the back
of his hand; last of all took from the bag that was hanging from a
branch three crusts of stale bread and tossed them to the dogs; rose,
with an effort, to his feet and, hanging his cloak on the tree, and
shouldering his gun, set off still half asleep through the vineyard.

He could no longer manage to keep awake all night: cautiously, at a
certain hour, as though someone might be watching him, he would retire
to his lair under the fig-tree; for a moment only, he told himself;
but the effort to arouse himself became greater every morning. His
legs were no longer what they had once been; neither was the strength
of his wrist.

Ah, his beautiful vineyard.... Yes, this year's vintage he might
perhaps live to taste; but the next? He shrugged his shoulders, as
much as to say: "Sufficient for the day..." and yawned at the first
light of morning which seemed to be finding a difficulty in rousing
the world to its toil; he looked out over the vast expanse of fields,
over which the last shades of night were slow in scattering; then
turned to look at the sea, down below, dark blue and vaporous between
the bristling agaves and the fat grey stumps of prickly pear, that
rose and writhed in the raw, murky air.

The setting moon, which had risen late that night, was still halfway
up the sky, surprised there by daybreak, and was already fading in the
crude morning light. Here and there in the fields, through that light
veil of whitish vapour, smoke rose from the fires on which the almond
husks were burning.

For the last two days, however, Mauro Mortara had been less worried.
He still kept a dog-like watch round the villa; but then, reflecting
that Flaminio Salvo set off every morning at that hour for either
Girgenti or Porto Empedocle, and did not return until late in the
evening, he heaved a sigh of relief, as though the aspect of the
building became more agreeable to him with the knowledge that the
other was not there. There remained, it was true, with their servants,
his wife and daughter; but the wife, a poor lunatic, quiet and
harmless; and the daughter... it seemed impossible! she, for all she
was daughter to that "bad Christian," was not bad herself, no, far
from it....

And Mauro unconsciously threw a glance over his shoulder, to see
whether Donna Dianella had come out yet to the vineyard.

In the few days that she had spent at Valsania, she had almost
completely recovered; she rose betimes every morning; waited until her
father had driven off in his carriage, and then came and joined Mauro
out here in the vineyard, and asked him endless questions about the
country: about the olives and how they were tended; the mulberries,
which in March gather fresh blood and, when they are in love, and
ready to shoot, become soft as dough; then she would stop beneath the
umbrella of the solitary pine down yonder, where the tableland dropped
to the sea, to watch the sun rise over the heights of the Crocea, far
away on the horizon, livid at first, then gradually waxing blue,
aerial, almost fragile. The first thing to be gilded by the sun, every
morning, was that pine, which stood out in majesty against the harsh,
solid azure of the sea, the tenuous, empty azure of the sky.

In a few days Dianella had wrought a miracle: the bear was tamed. The
expression on her face, the gentle and at the same time proud nobility
of her bearing, the melancholy sweetness of her gaze and smile, the
softness of her voice had wrought the miracle, quietly, naturally,
challenging and conquering the sullen rudeness of the old savage.

While she was speaking, now and again, there would come into her voice
and eyes a sudden opacity, as though her spirit vanished from time to
time behind some word or expression and strayed far away, into unknown
tracts; she would lose herself there and take a long time to return,
would ask: "What were we saying?" and smile, because she herself could
not account for what had happened to her. Often too, at the slightest
contact with any harsh reality, she would feel a sudden dismay or
rather the sense of a chill shadow closing in upon her, and would knit
her brows. Immediately, however, she would cancel with another of her
sweet smiles the involuntary, angry impulse, opening wide a pair of
sparkling eyes, her spirits quite restored.

"Why should anyone seek to injure me?" she seemed to be saying to
herself. "Am I not facing life, trustful and serene?"

Her trustfulness radiated from her every action, her every glance, and
was irresistible.

Even Mortara's three savage mastiffs--you ought to have seen the fuss
they made of her whenever she appeared. They too kept on turning, one
after another, to gaze in the direction of the villa, as though they
expected her. And Mauro, not to go too far away, hung about examining
first one cane then another, whose clusters, jealously guarded
treasures, he had already exhibited, almost grape by grape, to
Dianella, with a gruff delight in the praises that she heaped upon
them amid her exclamations of wonder:

"Oh, look at all these!"

"A good load, eh? And this cane, look..."

"A tree... it's like a fruit tree!"

"And here, this one..."

"Oh, there are more bunches than leaves! Can the vine bear the weight
of all these grapes?"

"Yes, if we don't have bad weather...."

"That would be a pity! And this one," she would ask, noticing a vine
on the ground. "Was it the wind? Oh, it has still to be tied...."

Or again, going farther afield:

"And these? Wild vines? New grafts; I see. Splendid, splendid.... Ah,
it is worth while to be alive after all!"

And her voice seemed to thrill with her joy in the pure air and the
sunshine, the same joy that quivered in the throats of the larks.

For this morning Mauro had promised her a visit to the General's
_camerone_, to the "Shrine of Liberty." But the dogs, all of a sudden,
pricked up their ears; first one then another stole across without
barldng towards the footpath beneath the vineyard, along the edge of
the ravine.

"Don Ma'! Don Ma'!" came presently in a breathless voice from below.

Mauro recognized the voice as that of Leonardo Costa, his friend from
Porto Empedocle; and called the dogs to heel.

"Here, Scampirro! Here, Neula! Come here, Turco!"

But the dogs had recognized Costa also and had stopped at the boundary
of the vineyard, wagging their tails at him from above.

Mauro appeared beside them.

"The chief? Has he gone?" Leonardo Costa panted.

He was a little man with a crisp, rusty beard and hair, a face baked
by the sun and eyes scorched by sulphur dust. He wore a pair of gold
earrings and a big white hat covered in dust and stained with sweat.
He had come hurrying from Porto Empedocle, by the coast, along the
railway; line.

"I don't know," Mauro answered crossly.

"Will you please call to him, to wait; I have something important to
tell him."

Mauro shook his head.

"But, you will still catch him.... What has been happening?"

Leonardo Costa, as he ran, shouted back at him: "Trouble! Bad trouble
in the sulphur pits!"

"Curse him and his sulphur pits!" Mauro muttered to himself.

Flaminio Salvo was coming down the steps from the villa to get into
the waiting carriage when Leonardo Costa emerged from the path to the
west, among the olives, shouting:

"Stop! Stop!"

"Who's that? What's the matter?" Salvo asked with a start of surprise.

"I kiss Your Honour's hands," said Costa, removing his hat as he
approached, dripping with sweat and gasping for breath. "I am done...
I meant to come last night... but then..."

"Then what? What has happened? What's wrong with you?" Salvo
interrupted him sharply.

"At Aragona--Comitini--all the sulphur workers--on strike!" Costa

Flaminio Salvo looked at him with cold anger, stroking the long grey
side-whiskers which, with his gold spectacles, gave him something of
the air of a diplomat, and said, contemptuously:

"I was aware of that."

"Yes, Sir. But late last night," Costa went on, "some people from
Aragona came to Porto Empedocle and told us that the place had been
like hell let loose all day...."

"The sulphur workers?"

"Yes, Sir: hewers, carriers, burners, carters, weighmen: all of them!
They even cut the telegraph wire. I'm told they attacked my son's
house, and that Aurelio stood up to them, as best he could...."

Flaminio Salvo, at this point, turned and looked narrowly into the
eyes of Dianella, who had come out to the carriage. This strange
glance, directed at the girl in the middle of their conversation,
disturbed Costa, who turned likewise to look at the "Signorinella," as
he called her. Her pallor changed to a crimson flush, then at once

"Well?" shouted Flaminio Salvo angrily

"Yes, Sir," Costa went on, disconcerted. "The worst of it is, we've no
troops handy; the whole village is in their hands. Only a couple of
carabinieri, the serjeant and corporal.... What can they do?"

"And what can I do from here, will you tell me that?" Salvo cried in a
fury of rage. "Your son Aurelio, what is he? The Managing Engineer,
from the _Ecole des Mines_ in Paris, what is he? A puppet? Does he
need me to pull the string from here, to make him act?"

"Oh no, Sir," said Leonardo Costa, drawing back a pace, as though
Salvo had lashed him across the face. "Your Honour may rest assured
that my son Aurelio knows what to do. A strong head and a stout's not for me to say... but face to face with two thousand
men, what with sulphur workers and carters, Your Honour will agree....
Besides, the real trouble is something else, outside the village.
Aurelio sent word to me last night that they had waylaid on the road
the eight carts of coal that were going to the pits on Monte Diesi."

"Indeed?" Salvo sneered.

"Your Honour knows," Costa went on, "that up there coal is as
necessary to the pumps as bread to a starving man, and more. Your
Honour is going to Girgenti? Do go at once to the Prefect and get him
to send troops to Aragona station, as many as he can, to provide an
escort for the coal to the pits. There are seven truckloads there to
replenish the store at the pit; the carters are on strike too; but the
coal can be loaded on mules and donkeys, with an armed escort: it will
take us longer, but at least we can avoid any danger of the great pit,
the Cace (Heaven forbid!), flooding...."

"Let it flood! Let it flood!" Flaminio Salvo broke out, furious,
throwing his arms in the air. "Let the whole show go to blazes! I
don't give a damn for it! I shall close down, d'you hear? And send
you all packing, you, your son, all of you, from top to bottom, all of
you! A clean sweep! Drive on!" he told the coachman.

The carriage started, and Flaminio drove off without so much as
turning to bid his daughter good-bye.

This extraordinary outburst had brought Don Cosmo to one of the
windows, while Donna Sara Alaimo had appeared at the head of the
steps. Both of them, as well as Dianella and Costa below, stood
rooted to the ground. Finally Costa stirred himself, raised his head
in the direction of the window and gave a bitter greeting:

"I kiss your hands, Si-don Cosmo! He's quite right: he's the master!
But, by Our Lord on the Cross, believe me, Si-don Cosmo dear, believe
me, Signorinella: they're not to blame! They really are starving; the
distress is terrible!"

Donna Sara from the stairhead shook her bonneted head, her eyes raised
to heaven.

"The Government takes its share," Costa continued, "and the Province
takes its share; the Comune takes its share, and the chairman and the
vice-chairman and the manager and the engineer and the foreman....
What can there be left over for the men who work underground and under
everybody, and have to carry all the rest on their hacks and are
crushed down? Oh Lord! I am only a poor wretch, an ignorant clown is
all I am, well and good: let him trample me underfoot if he likes! But
my son, Lord in heaven, no, he mustn't lay a finger on my son! We owe
everything to him, it is true; but even he himself, if he is still
where he is, my revered master, who can give me a slap in the face, if
he likes, since I get everything from him, indeed I kiss his hands; if
he is still where he is, giving orders, and enjoying his wealth and
prosperity, he owes it, all the same, to my son, he does: you know
that, Signor-inella, and you too, perhaps, Si-don Cosmo... We're

"Quite so, quite so," Laurentano sighed from the window. "That
business of the pumpkins ..."

"What pumpkins?" asked Donna Sara Alaimo, her curiosity aroused.

"Mah!" said Costa. "You must get the story another time from the
Signorinella here, who knows my son well, since they were brought up
together, with the other boy, her little brother, whom the Lord took
to Himself, which was the undoing of them all. The poor Signora, there
(whom I can remember so well, such a beauty, a ray of sunshine!), went
out of her mind over it; and he, poor gentleman... anyone with
children of his own can feel for him...."

Dianella, her heart wrung by her father's harshness, at this memory
could contain herself no longer and, to conceal her emotion, took the
path by which Costa had come and disappeared among the olives.

At once Donna Sara, and after her Don Cosmo invited Costa to come
upstairs, to rest for a moment after his journey and not to expose his
heated body to the morning breeze. Donna Sara would have liked to do
more: to offer him a cup of coffee; but, lest she should lose a word
of the voluble discourse on which Costa had at once embarked with Don
Cosmo on the subject of Salvo, now that the latter's daughter was out
of earshot, pretended that such an idea had not occurred to her.

"We know what we're saying, good Lord, we know what we're saying,
Si-don Co'! What was he, when all's said and done? I myself, yes, have
gone barefoot, and carried loads on my back, I say it and I am proud
of it; on my back I've carried sulphur and coal, from the beach to the
lighters. What is the Latin proverb? _Necessitas non abita legge_.
Yes, Sir; and I've been a dock labourer, and I'm proud of it, a
wretched weighman at the landing-stage for the customs, and I'm proud
of it. But he, what was he? Of noble family, yes, Sir; but a mere
broker, he was, who would come down on foot from Girgenti to Porto
Empedocle, all covered in dust by the Spinasanta road, because he
hadn't the money even to take a carriage or to hire a donkey, before
the railway came. And his first profits, how did he come by them? God
knows, and there's many a man that knows, alive and dead. Then he
took on the contract for the first railways, he and his brother-in-law
who lives in Rome now, the engineering gentleman, the banker, the
Commendatore, Don Francesco Velia; we know him too...."

"Ah," put in Donna Sara, "he has another sister then, has he?"

"And why not?" replied Costa, interrupting the series of inclinations
with which he had accompanied this string of titles, "Donna Rosa, the
eldest of them all, the wife of" (here he bowed again) "Commendatore
Francesco Velia, a big pot in the Railway Department now. This line
here, from Girgenti to Porto Empedocle, wasn't it he that built it?
Nothing like making hay when the sun shines! Hundreds of thousands of
lire, sister; money in hatfuls, heaped like sand on the shore.... Two
bridges and four tunnels.... Round a bend there; into a cutting here.
... Then other contracts for lines.... All his fortune came to him
from that, am I not right, Si-don Co'? We know what we're talking

"But the pumpkins? The pumpkins?" Donna Sara repeated her question.

Costa was obliged to relate to her in the minutest detail the famous
story of the pumpkins; and Donna Sara rewarded him with the most
vivacious exclamations of stupefaction, terror, amazement that the
local dialect contained, clapping her hands at intervals, to arouse
Don Cosmo, who, knowing the story already, had relapsed into his
habitual philosophical lethargy. He did rouse himself at length, but
without opening his eyes; thrust forward his hand, saying:


"Ah, yes!" Costa at once rejoined, with emphasis, beating his breast
with both hands. "In all conscience, we have but the one soul, before
God, and I must tell the truth. But my son, oh, Si-don Cosmo----" (and
Costa held up his hand with the thumb and forefinger joined, as though
holding a pair of scales) "every son is a son, but mine! He's
perfection! Straight as a die! The top of all his classes! As soon as
he had taken his degree, off he went to compete for the scholarship to
study abroad.... There were, sister, more than four hundred young
engineers from all parts of Italy: he left them all behind him, every
One of them! And he stayed abroad four years, in Paris, London,
Belgium, Austria. As soon as he got back to Rome, without his having
to breathe a word even, the Government gave him a post in the Corps of
Mining Engineers, and sent him off to Sardinia, to Iglesias, where he
did a piece of work all in colours about a mountain.... Sar-rubbas ...
I don't remember... oh, Sarrabus, yes, that's right, Sarrabus (they
speak Turkish, in Sardinia), a piece of work, sister, that would leave
you gaping open-mouthed. He didn't stay there long, not much more than
a year, because a French company, one of those that... sacks of money
... saw his map, and it fairly took their breath away. I'm not saying
it because he's my son; but you may take all the engineers in
existence, here and elsewhere, he can wipe the floor with them!
However. This French company said to him, here's the key of our safe,
my boy, help yourself to as much as you want. My son, while he was
making up his mind whether to accept or not, came down here on a
holiday--it will be six or seven months ago, now--to consult with me
and the chief, his benefactor, whom he respects as his second father,
and quite rightly! The chief himself advised him not to accept,
because he wanted him for himself, do you understand? To look after
his sulphur pits at Aragona and Comitini. Enough is as good as a
feast, we say.... He consented, but at a sacrifice, upon my word! And
after all this, now, now he's a puppet, did you hear?... Holy

Leonardo Costa held up his arm, rose, heaved a nasal sigh, shaking his
head, and took up his white hat from the seat. He ought to have left
at once, but whenever he began talking about that son of his, the
glory, the golden pillar of his house, he could never leave off.

"I kiss your hands, Si-'don Cosmo, let me be going. Donna Sara, your
most humble servant." "Oh, but wait!" that lady exclaimed, pretending
to have just thought of it, now that the conversation was at an end.
"A drop of coffee..."

"No, no thank you," Costa fenced. "I'm in a great hurry!"

"Five minutes!" said Donna Sara, lifting her hands as though to imply:
"The world won't come to an end!"

And she turned to go. But Costa, sitting down again, sighed, turning
to Don Cosmo:

"There's a wicked woman, Si-don Co ', a wicked woman, who has been
making mischief for some tune past between my son and Don Flaminio; I
know it!"

And Donna Sara was powerless to cross the threshold: she turned back,
screwed up her eyes, wrinkled her nose and asked with a little twitch
of her head: "Who is she?"

"Don't tempt me to speak evil, Donna Sara dear!" groaned Costa. "I've
said too much already!"

Donna Sara, however, had already guessed who the wicked woman was to
whom he referred, and went indoors, exclaiming with upraised hands:

"What a world! Oh, what a world!"


Dianella was in no hurry that morning to join Mauro in the vineyard.
That sharp, hard glance with which her father, in his anger, had
suddenly turned upon her, while Costa was speaking of the danger that
threatened his son at Aragona, had disturbed her profoundly; it had
recalled to her memory in a flash a similar look which he had given
her many years before, when her little brother had died and her mother
had gone mad.

She had been eleven years old at the time.

And, more than her brother's death, more than her mother's terrible
affliction, there had remained indelibly fixed in her mind the
impression of that glare of hatred cast at her--a little girl still
almost unconscious, uncertain, bewildered between play and
mourning--by her father in the frenzy of his grief.

"Couldn't you have died instead?" had been its unmistakable message.

Quite so. Precisely so. And Dianella understood perfectly now why her
father would not have hesitated for a moment to sacrifice her life in
exchange for her brother's.

All the care and affection and caresses and presents which he had
since then lavished upon her had been powerless to thaw the lump of
ice into which that glance had frozen in her innermost consciousness.
Often she felt ashamed of herself, conscious that the warmth of his
paternal affection could no longer succeed in penetrating her heart,
but was instinctively repulsed by that hard, frozen core. On what
principle did he still go on working with such desperate energy?
Piling up that vast fortune? Not for her benefit, certainly; was it
from a spontaneous, overpowering necessity of his own nature; to
acquire mastery over everyone else; to be feared and respected; or
perhaps also to blunt the sharp edge of his sufferings in business or
to take his revenge in his own way upon the fate that had struck him
such a blow? But in certain moments of anger (as just now), or of
weariness and loss of confidence, he let it be seen quite plainly that
all his undertakings and his efforts and life itself had no longer any
purpose for him, now that he had lost the heir to his name, him who
was to have carried on the tradition of his power and fortune.

For some time past, convinced of this, Dianella, albeit incapable of
even imagining her own life stripped of all the luxury by which she
was surrounded, had begun to feel a secret contempt for her father's
riches, to which one day (might that day be far distant!) she would be
left the sole heir, of necessity and without any satisfaction to
herself. How often, seeing him tired or angry, had she not felt
inclined to say to him: "Stop! Give it up! Why do you go on
increasing it, if this is to be the end of it all?" And something more
than this, something very different would she have liked to say to
him, had she been able to converse with her father heart to heart,
without words, that is to say without moving her lips or hearing with
her ears.

>From what she had been able to gather by her superfine intuition and
to penetrate with those silently watchful eyes, and from certain
utterances which she could not help overhearing, she was already aware
that her father's riches, if not altogether evilly acquired, had
nevertheless made many victims in the neighbourhood. Cruel had fate
been to him, cruel was the revenge that he took upon fate. He wanted
everything for himself; to feel everything in his own grasp: sulphur
pits and land and factories, the commerce and industry of the entire
Province. Why? Why, if he went on working without any love left,
almost without any object left to work for? Why heap upon her frail
shoulders--his daughter's... a loved, yes, but not a cherished
daughter, for all that she was now his only child--a crushing burden,
all those riches, which many people were perhaps cursing secretly and
which certainly would not bring her any happiness?

Dismay and anger too, at times, Dianella felt at the thought,
foreseeing all too plainly that her heart might well remain crushed
beneath that mountain of gold.

And yet she had nourished the illusion, until quite recently, that her
father would leave her free to choose; that indeed he had himself
helped her in her choice, by his benefaction to the man who as a boy
had saved his life.

Nimble and bold, dark-skinned, like a figure cast in bronze, with
black curling hair and eyes that darted fire, Aurelio Costa had seemed
to her when she first saw him, as a boy of thirteen; and for years
after that he had been her playmate, hers and her brother's. They were
not conscious then of the gulf that lay between them. But afterwards,
by degrees, Aurelio had become steadily more timid and circumspect.
She had been barely twelve when he, at eighteen, had gone away to
matriculate at the University of Palermo in the Faculty of
Engineering; and she had wept floods of tears--still like an
unconscious little girl--at their parting. What a joyful occasion had
been his return, at the end of his first year! So hilarious, so full
of jubilation had those holidays been that her father, as soon as
Aurelio had left, had taken her aside and quietly, in the politest
language, stroking her hair, had given her to understand that she
would have done better to restrain herself, seeing that Costa was now
a young man, and it was not proper therefore to address him any longer
as _tu_. She--without at the time understanding why--had felt her
cheeks flame. Good heavens, what next, then? Call him Lei? Was he
not still the same Aurelio? No, he was no longer the same, not even to
her; and she had been made well aware of this the year after, when he
returned again; and increasingly so after his third, and fourth, and
fifth years at the University, when finally he returned with a
splendid degree and with the intention of winning that scholarship for
study abroad. He, yes, it was he who was no longer the same; for she,
on the other hand... with her lips, yes, "Signor Aurelio," but with
her eyes she still continued to address him as _tu_. Before leaving
the Island, he had come to thank his benefactor, to swear him undying
gratitude; and to her he had scarcely known what to say, had scarcely
ventured to look at her, and certainly, certainly had not noticed how
pale her cheeks were nor how her hand trembled.

After his departure, she had many times heard her father speak of the
really exceptional worth of this young man and of the splendid future
that was in store for him, and extol himself for all that he had done
for him, for having treated him as a son. Naturally these speeches had
given ever fresh fuel to the hidden fire in her heart and had
strengthened the ever growing hope that her father, having lost his
only son, and having virtually created this other, to whom moreover he
owed his own life, would prefer that to him, rather than to some
comparative stranger, his wealth and his daughter should one day pass.

She had been greatly confirmed in this hope a few months since, when
Aurelio, on his return from Sardinia, had been appointed manager of
the sulphur pits by her father.

She had not set eyes on him since his departure for Paris. Oppressed,
amid her useless luxury, by the pettiness of life in Girgenti, an old
town, not indeed boorish but weary, listless in the uniformity of its
long silent days; each day occupied by the same round of visits from
the three or four families of her acquaintance, who vied with one
another in shewing their affection for and trust in herself, who was
like a little queen of the place, amid the invariable witticisms of
the invariable young bloods, enervated, turned silly by their narrow
and impoverished provincial life; she had felt herself quicken at the
sight of him, so manly a creature, his own master henceforward, free
to tread the path he had conquered by his strength, tenacity and hard

Her joy at seeing him again was however suddenly clouded. There
happened to be calling upon her that day Nicoletta Spoto, who for the
last year or so had been married to Capolino. She had noticed a
curious embarrassment, a keen emotion, both in her guest and in
Aurelio when the latter, on being shewn into the drawing-room, had
bowed in greeting. Then, as soon as her father had carried Aurelio off
to his study, Signora Capolino, breathing again, had related with
fiery vivacity to her and to her aunt Adelaide how that poor fellow,
without a penny to his name, had nevertheless dared to ask for her
hand in marriage, immediately upon obtaining his post as a government
engineer in Sardinia, remembering perhaps a few innocent glances that
had been exchanged between them years and years earlier, when he was
still a young student at the Institute. They could imagine the horror
that she, Lelle Spoto, had felt at such a request, and how she had
hastened to decline it, especially as the preliminary arrangements
were already under way for her marriage to Ignazio Capolino.

Dianella had felt her heart sink in her bosom at these sudden,
unexpected tidings; she had certainly turned all the colours of the
rainbow and certainly she had betrayed herself to the other woman, of
whose secret and illicit relations with her father she was already
aware. She had not said anything to her, but when Aurelio, after his
long interview with her father, had returned to the drawing-room, she,
quivering with excitement, had greeted him with an exaggerated
welcome, reminding him of the times they had spent together, their
games, their mutual confidences. And more than once she had rejoiced
to see the other bite her lip and turn pale.

Dianella hoped that Aurelio, on that occasion at least, had
understood. She had at once forgiven him in her heart for a betrayal
of which he could not have been conscious at the tune: yes, he could
have had no thought of her, must have supposed that he could not'dare
to raise his eyes to her level; but... at the same time, ah! was it
really to that other woman, a woman in every respect unworthy of him,
that his thoughts had turned? And the other woman's refusal of him
had seemed to her almost an insult directed at herself. Still, after
all, he had been in Paris; the vivacity, the capricious frivolity of
Nicoletta Spoto might therefore prove a great attraction in his eyes,
reminding him probably of some other woman that he had known there.
Being himself of the humblest origin, he had imagined perhaps that he
would be making a great stride, were he to ally himself with a family
like the Spoto, extremely wealthy at one time, now impoverished, but
still one of the leading families in the place.

And now, it was obvious, the lady in question, taking advantage of the
power she had acquired over the father, was avenging herself for the
affront she had received on that occasion. Dia-nella herself had
noticed that for some time past her father no longer seemed satisfied
with Aurelio Costa; and that for the last few evenings there, in the
villa, in conversation with Don Cosmo Laurentano, he had laid stress
upon certain demands which gave her food for thought.

She disapproved privately of this strange marriage between her aunt
and the Prince Don Ip-polito, she was almost ashamed of it, suspecting
her father of a hidden motive; namely, that he wished to make use of
this marriage, which was certainly not honourable, to force his way
into the Laurentano family and gradually absorb their fortune also.
For the last few evenings, at supper, his conversation with Don Cosmo
had dwelt, insistently, upon the Prince's son, Lando Laurentano, who
was living in Rome. Why?

Absorbed in these reflections, Dianella had sat down under an olive on
the brink of the deep ravine, and was gazing at the steep bank on the
other side, on which a herd of goats were grazing that had come down
from the estate of Platania.

The day after her arrival in the country, she had felt a new life
suddenly spring up within her. The air of wild rusticity which the
old villa had asumed in its neglected state; the profound melancholy
which that neglect seemed to have diffused all around, over the
avenues and the solitary paths, almost hidden in moss and rockrose,
where the air--cool in the shade of the olives and almond trees or of
the tall hedges of prickly pear--was steeped in fragrance, the bitter
fragrance of sloes, the strong and pungent fragrance of mint and sage;
and that wide precipitous ravine; and the bright and blithe proximity
of the sea; and those old trees, untended, shaggy with random shoots,
dreaming in the stillness of the vast solitude, were in pleasant
harmony with the state of mind in which she found herself.

Now, however, those remarks by her father ... his anger with
Aurelio... and this strike of sulphur workers at Aragona... the
threats. ... And she, alone there, with literally no one to whom she
might pour out her heart! To have a mother and not to be able to turn
to her, and to see her mother before her eyes, worse than dead--alive
and lifeless....

There wandered for some way, among the occasional clumps of reeds in
the bottom of the ravine, a rivulet which at a certain point in its
course had been dammed in the construction of the railway. She fixed
her gaze on it, and immediately it occurred to her that she herself
had been left precisely in the condition of that rivulet, like a
rivulet whose course some unknown hand by a mischievous caprice had
blocked, near its source, with huge and heavy stones; on one side the
water had spread out in a stagnant pool, and on the other the stream
had filtered underground among sand and pebbles. Oh, what an
unquenchable thirst remained in her for a mother's love! But she flew
to her mother, and that mother did not recognize her as her own
daughter. A daughter's grief so close and urgent aroused no response
whatever in that spent consciousness.

"Vittoria Vivona of Alessandria della Bocca," her mother would say of
herself in a voice that seemed to come from far away. "A beautiful
girl! A beautiful girl! She had hair that reached to the ground; it
took three women to brush it.... She sang and played. She played the
organ, too, in church, at Santa Maria dell' Udienza, and the little
angels gathered round to hear her, on their knees with their hands
clasped, so.... She was to have married a rich man in Girgenti; but
she took a headache, and died...." Dianella could no longer restrain
her tears, and began to weep silently, with a bitter delight in her
solitude. But the silence round about her was so complete, so intense
and immemorial the daydream of the earth and of everything upon it,
that suddenly she felt herself somehow absorbed in it, fascinated by
it. Burdened with an infinite, resigned sadness seemed to her now
those trees, absorbed in their perennial dream, from which the wind
sought in vain to arouse them. She perceived, in that mysterious,
disturbing intimacy with unpeopled nature, the slightest movements,
the faintest sounds, the vague rustle of the leaves, the hum of
insects; and ceased to feel that she was living only for herself; she
lived for an instant, unconscious and yet alertly wondering, with the
earth, as though her soul had been diffused among and confused with
all these country things. Ah, what a freshness of childhood in the
grass that grew round about her! And how rose-pink her hand looked
against the tender green of those leaves! Oh, look, a ladybird, a
stray venturer, out of its season, running over her hand. ... How
pretty it was! It glistened like a little jewel! Could the earth then,
among all the sad and ugly things it bore, produce things so pretty
and charming also?

It ran, as though in answer to her question, across the leaves, across
her hand, light and cool as the breath of joy. Dianella sighed and
waited with her hand on the grass for the insect to find its way back
among the leaves, then drew back with a start at the joyous,
unexpected arrival of the three mastiffs, which gathered round her, or
rather sprang upon her, impatient, thrusting one another aside, eager
to feel her hand caressing their heads. And they would not allow her
to rise. Finally Mauro Mortara overtook them.

"Have you been feeling unwell?" he inquired, grimly, without looking
at her.

"No... it's nothing..." she replied, shield-ing herself with her arms
from the paws and tongues of the dogs, and smiling sadly. "A little

"Here!" Mauro shouted to the three mastiffs to leave her in peace.

And immediately they became still, as though turned to stone by his
shout. Dianella rose to her feet and stooped to stroke their heads
once more, as an apology for the disturbance.

"Poor things... poor things..."

"If you wish to come..." Mauro suggested.

"I'm ready. To see the General's room. I'm so curious...." She was
embarrassed when speaking to him by the uncertainty whether to address
him as voi or _tu_.

"Has your father gone?"

"Yes, yes," she made haste to assure him; and at once repented of her
haste, which might betray the same sense of relief in herself that
everyone else felt in her father's absence. "At Aragona," she said,
"the sulphur workers have mutinied. We shall have to get soldiers and
carabinieri sent there."

"Powder and shot!" Mauro at once expressed his approval, nodding his
head vigorously. "I swear to you, old as I am, I'd enroll as a

"Perhaps..." Dianella attempted to put in.

But Mortara cut her short with one of his favourite ejaculations: "_Oh
Marasantissima, lasciatevi servire_!"

He would not allow any argument, this Mauro Mortara. In his perpetual
meditative wanderings through his rustic solitude, he had systematized
his world for himself after his own fashion, and walked in that world,
confident, like a god, stroking his long white beard, his eyes beaming
at the satisfactory explanations which he had managed to find for
everything. Everything that occurred to him must comply with the rules
of this world of his. If anything refused to comply, he would cut it
out, ruthlessly, or pretend not to notice it. Woe to any who
contradicted him!

"_Oh Marasantissima, lasciatevi servire_! What do they want? I should
like to know what they want! Do they reason or do they not? The
Government, what is it? The Government is the Government. And we
ought all to obey, from the highest to the lowest, all of us, each in
his own station, and think of the community! Why should these
gaolbirds, wretched ungrateful dogs that they are, come and spoil for
us old men the satisfaction of seeing that community, Italy, changed
by our efforts to a Power of the first rank? They find the table
spread, the soup ladled out for them, and they spit in it, do you
hear? But if everyone was to think only of himself, how could the ship
keep afloat? Can't a man rise or fall, in these days, by his own
deserts? What have you deserved? Bread and onions? Live on bread and
onions! I can tell you that a man can be quite happy, living on bread
and onions, I have lived on them myself. But if you honestly deserve
something more, go ahead, prove your merit, you will advance! No, my
friends, no.... The ass says to-day to his master: 'Down on all fours;
I'm going to ride now....' And all the time, look: Tunis is over

He turned towards the sea and with outstretched arm pointed, frowning,
to a spot on the far horizon. Dianella turned to look, without
understanding what Tunis had to do with it. She let him talk and did
not once interrupt, except to shew her approval of all these patriotic

"Over there!" Mauro repeated angrily. "And the French are there, who
stole it from us by fraud! And to-morrow we may have them here on our
own soil, do you understand? I swear to you, there are times when I
lie awake all night, biting my hands with rage! And instead of keeping
that in mind, those scoundrels there take it into their heads to
strike, to squabble among themselves! It's all the priests' doing, you
know. Double-dyed rascals! Scum of all the vices! Sinks of iniquity!
Quietly fanning the flames, so as to dismember Italy once again....
The Sanfedisti! The Sanfedisti! I have to keep eyes at the back of my
head, because they have sworn to destroy me, and watch every step I
take. But they've found their match in me.... Look here!"

And he shewed Dianella the brace of Neapolitan pistols that hung from
his belt.


This visit to the famous "General's room," known simply as the
Camerone, was indeed a special favour conferred upon Dianella Salvo.
Mauro Mortara, who kept the key of this room, never allowed anyone to
enter it. And not the door only, but the shutters of the two balconies
and of the other window were kept permanently closed, as though the
light and air, given free access, might put to flight the memories
gathered and hoarded there with such jealous veneration.

Certainly, after the old Prince's departure into exile, door and
windows had been flung open time and again; but Mortara, since his
return to Val-sania, had kept the shutters at least permanently
closed, and was under the illusion that they had been like that
always, and that those walls therefore still enclosed the very breath
of the General, the atmosphere of those bygone days.

This illusion was strengthened by the sight of the furniture, which
had been left untouched, except for the canopied brass bed which had
been stripped of its mattress, boards and heavy curtains.

This half-light was admirably suited for the awakening of distant

Mauro invariably began by making a short tour of the room; stopped in
front of some decrepit piece of furniture, on which the veneering had
warped and split in places; then went and sat down on the sofa covered
with a green stuff, now yellow with age, with a cylindrical bolster in
the angle of each end, and there, with half-shut eyes, stroking his
long white beard with his stunted, muscular little hand, he would give
rein to his thoughts, or more often his memories, distracted,
absorbed, like a praying worshipper in church.

He was not disturbed even by the rats which at times created an
infernal din on tho terrace above, the floor of which, to prevent the
ceiling of the camerone from collapsing, had had to be covered with
sheets of metal. This remedy had availed but little and not for long;
the strips of metal had gaped and shrunk in the sun, to the great
delight of the rats who had come scampering back, and concealed
themselves underneath; and the ceiling had already begun to bulge, and
dripped in winter from two or three cracks, while the walls even in
summer retained two large patches of damp encrusted with mould.

Don Cosmo did not trouble about it: he scarcely ever set foot in the
camerone; Mauro did not wish it to be restored: he had but a short
time to live and was determined that everything should remain as it
was; he knew that, after his death, no one would take the trouble to
look after this "Shrine of Liberty"; and the ceiling might then come
down altogether or be repaired. Every year, in the meantime, as autumn
drew round, he would go up to the terrace and would join together and
fasten down the strips of metal with big stones, and on the floor of
the camerone place buckets and basins to catch the drip. The drops
fell clanging into them, one by one; and by their rhythmical cadence
seemed to assent to being thus collected.

Dianella, as she entered the room, received a sudden shock at the
unexpected sight of a stuffed animal which, in the dim light, seemed
to be alive there against the opposite wall, in the corner, with
lowered tail and head turned to one side, catlike.

"What a fright it gave me!" she exclaimed with a nervous laugh,
covering her face with her hands. "I never expected such a thing....
What is it?"

"A leopard," said Mauro.

"What a beauty!"

And Dianella put out her hand to stroke the dappled skin; but at once
drew it back covered in dust, and noticed that the animal had lost one
of its glass eyes, the left.

"I presented another one, the companion to this," Mauro went on, "to
the Institute Museum, at Girgenti. Haven't you ever seen it? There's a
case of my stuff in the Museum. Next to the leopard, there's a hyaena,
a great big one, and above them an imperial eagle. On the case is a
label: _Shot, stuffed and presented by Mauro Mor-tara_. Yes, indeed.
But come over here, first. I want you to look at something else."

He led her across to the broken-down old sofa.

Hanging upon the wall behind it were four medals, two of silver, the
others of bronze, pinned to a frayed and faded velvet shield. Over the
shield was a framed letter, written in a minute hand upon a sheet of
paper that had once been blue.

"Ah, the medals!" Dianella exclaimed.

"No," said Mauro, with emotion, shutting his eyes. "The letter. Bead
the letter."

Dianella went nearer to the sofa and read the signature first:
"Gerlando Laurentano."

"The General?"

Mauro, his eyes still shut, nodded gravely in assent.

And Dianella read:

Burmula, December 22, 1852.

My friends,

The news from France of Louis Napoleon's _Coup d'Etat_ must certainly
present a long and serious hindrance to the movement in support of our
sacred cause, and postpone for an indefinite period our return to

At my age, I cannot any longer endure the burden of this life of

I feel that I shall no longer be fit to lend my right arm to the
Country when she, in the fulness of time, shall have need of it. All
the less reason, therefore, to drag out any longer an existence that
is painful to myself and harmful to my children.

You, who are younger than I, have still such a reason; go on living,
therefore, for the country and think sometimes with affection of



Dianella turned to look at Mortaro who, withdrawn into himself, his
eyes now wide open and staring, his features contracted and his hand
covering his mouth, was endeavouring to stifle the sobs that broke
from him in the tangle of his beard.

"It's years since I last read it," he murmured when he was able to

He stood for a long time nodding his head, then went on:

"He played me false that time. He wrote the letter and dressed himself
up in his best, as if he was going to a ball. I was in the kitchen; he
called me. 'Take this letter to Mariano Gioeni, at La Valletta.' The
other Sicilian exiles were at La Valletta, who had all been together
here, in this room, before Forty-Eight, at the time of the conspiracy.
I can see them now: Don Giovanni Ricci-Gramitto, the poet, Don Mariano
Gioeni and his brother Don Francesco, Don Francesco De Luca, Don
Gerlando Bianchini, Don Vincenzo Barresi: all here; and myself down
below, keeping guard. However! I took the letter.... How should I
know what was in it? When I got back to Burmula, I found him dead."

"Had he killed himself?" Dianella asked in alarm.

"With poison," Mauro answered. "He hadn't had time even to draw his
other leg up on the bed. What a handsome man he was! You've seen Don
Ippolito? He was handsomer. Yes, taller, straight upright, with a pair
of eyes that flashed fire: a Saint George! Even when he was an old
man, the women would all fall in love with him."

He shut his eyes again and in a low tone repeated the closing words of
the letter, which he knew by heart:

"_You, who are younger than I, have still such a reason; go on living,
therefore, for the country and think sometimes with affection of
yours, Gerlando Laurentano_. You see? And I did go on living; as he
wished. And here, under the letter, which I made Don Mariano Gioeni
give me back, I decided to hang up my medals, by way of an answer. But
I had to win them first! Sit down, sit down here; you mustn't tire

Dianella sat down on the old sofa. At that moment, Donna Sara Alaimo,
hearing the sound of voices in the camerone and seeing the unusual
spectacle of the door standing ajar, thrust in her bonneted head to

"What do you want here?" Mauro Mortara sprang upon her as the leopard,
had it been alive, might have sprung. "This is no place for you!"

"Pooh!" said Donna Sara, quickly withdrawing her head. "Who spoke to
you, pray?"

Mauro hastily barred the door.

"I could throttle that woman! I can't abide her, I can't endure the
sight of her, that old spy of the priests! So she dares to poke her
nose in here now, does she? She never did that before. It's the
priests that are keeping her here, you know? Taking advantage of Don
Cosmo's silliness. The Sanfedisti, the Sanfedisti..."

"But do they really exist still, these Sanfedisti?" Dianella inquired
with a kindly smile.

"_Oh Marasantissima, lasciatevi servire_!" Mortara once more
exclaimed. "Do they exist? They may perhaps call themselves by some
other name now; but they are still the same. An infernal sect,
scattered all over the world! They have spies everywhere: I came upon
one in Turkey, even, just fancy! At Constantinople."

"Have you travelled as far as that?" asked I Dianella.

"As far as that? A great deal farther!" Mauro replied with a smile of
satisfaction. "Where have I not been and what have I not done? Let us
count up; but ten fingers aren't enough: herd boy, farm labourer,
servant, ship's boy, dock labourer, able seaman, stoker, cook, bathing
attendant, big game hunter, then one of Garibaldi's volunteers,
orderly to Bixio; then, after the Revolution, head jailer: three
hundred prisoners I had on my hands at Santo Vito, when they tried to
escape; and here I am ending up as a peasant again. The story of my
life? It wouldn't be believed, if anybody tried to tell it."

He stroked his beard for a while in silence, while his green eyes
glowed again, at the thrill of his memories. "Cut down the trunk of a
tree," he said, "and cast it into the sea, far out from the shore.
Where will it drift to? I was like a tree-trunk, horn and bred up
here, at Valsania. The storm came and uprooted me. First the General
went with his comrades; I went off two days later, by night, in a
sailing ship, as the way was then; a big boat of the kind they call
tartans. I can laugh at it now. If you knew how frightened I was,
though, that night, on the sea!"

"The first time?"

Who had ever done such a thing before? Black, pitch black, sky and
sea. Only the spread sail showed a glimmer of white. The stars,
thousands of stars, high up above, looked like dust.

The sea was dashing and breaking against the tartan's sides, and the
mast rocked. Then the moon came out, and the brute grew calm. The crew
were smoking their pipes and chatting together in the bows; I, down in
the hold, among the bales and coils of tarred rope, could see the
light of their pipes; I was crying, with my eyes wide open, and never
noticed it. The tears fell on my hands. I was like a child of five;
and I was three and thirty! Good-bye, Sicily; good-bye, Valsania;
Girgenti, that you see from far out, standing up on the hill;
good-bye, bells of San Gerlando, whose hum used to reach me in the
silence of the fields; good-bye, trees that I knew every one apart....
You can't imagine how, when you are far out at sea, all the precious
things that you are leaving behind come back to you, and take hold of
you and tear your heart! I could see certain spots here, at Valsania,
just as if I had been there; better, in fact; I noticed certain things
that I had never noticed before; how the blades of grass quivered in
the north-easterly breeze, a stone that had dropped from the wall, a
tree that had begun to lean over a bit, and could be put straight, I
could count every leaf upon it.... However! At daybreak, I reached
Malta. First of all you touch the island of Gozzo.... Malta, you must
understand, takes in the sea, like a big bay. Every here and there is
an inlet. On one of these is Burmula, where the General had taken a
room. Great big harbours, forests of masts; and people of every race
and nation: Arabs, Turks, Bedouins, Moroccans; besides English,
French, Spaniards. A hundred tongues spoken. In Sixty there was an
outbreak of cholera, brought by the Jews from Susa, who had fine women
with them, oh, beauties! but, do you know, young girls of sixteen or
eighteen like yourself...."

"Oh, I am older than that," said Dianella.

"Older? You don't look it. They painted their faces. With no need,"
Mauro went on, "just like old women. A pity! Fine girls! They brought
the cholera, I was saying: a terrible epidemic! Just imagine that at
Burmula, a small village, in one day, there were eight hundred deaths.
They were dying like flies. But when a man is down, death has no
terror for him. I used to eat egg-fruit and tomatoes, like anything: I
did it on purpose. I had learned a Maltese song and used to sing it
night and day, sitting astride a window-sill. For I was in love...."

"Indeed? Out there?" Dianella asked, in surprise.

"Not there," replied Mauro. "I had left a peasant girl here, at
Valsania, whom I used to court: Serafina.... She married another man,
barely a year after. And I used to sing.... Would you like to hear
the song? I remember it still."

He shut his eyes, threw back his head and began to hum in falsetto,
pronouncing the words of the popular ditty after his own fashion:

 Ahi me kalbi, kentu giani...

Dianella gazed at him in wonder, with a feeling of emotion, of bitter
sweetness, which was diffused also by the plaintive rhythm of that air
drawn from a far off time and place, which awakened on the old man's
lips a faint echo of his adventurous youth. She had never for an
instant suspected beneath the rough and hairy rind of Mortara any
such store of tender memories.

"How pretty it is!" she said. "Sing it again!" Mauro, deeply moved,
shook his finger in refusal.

"I can't; I have no voice.... Do you know what the first words mean?
_Ah me, my heart, how it aches_. I don't remember what the rest means.
The General was so fond of that song. He was always making me sing it.
Eh, I had a good voice, then.... Are you looking at the leopard? Now
I'll tell you about that."

And he went on to tell her how, after the General's death, left alone
at Burmula, and not wishing to return to Sicily, where he had already
come under suspicion, he had gone to La Valletta. There, the Sicilian
exiles had wished to help him; but he, knowing in what a wretched
plight they themselves were, had refused all offers of help and had
taken up work in the harbour, as a ship's boy, a dock labourer, an
able seaman. They were short of hands, the population having been
decimated by the cholera. Then he had embarked on a British vessel as
a stoker. For more than six months he had been buried alive there, in
the massive, roaring belly of the ship, roasting himself at the fire
that had to be fed day and night, without ever knowing whither she was
bound. The English engineers would look at him and laugh--why, he
could not imagine--and one day they had taken him by force and
presented him, all grimy and tattered as he was, to the captain--a
little red-faced man with a big brown beard almost down to his
knees--and the captain had slapped him on the back several times,
praising him perhaps for his zeal. And indeed, throughout all those
months, he had never given himself a moment's rest, not even to snatch
a mouthful of food; he had lost his appetite: all he could do was to
drink, to cool the burning heat of his body which, down below there,
was tortured for want of air! His only amusement, when the ship lay in
some harbour, was an old cookery book, all dog's-eared, from which he
had learned to spell out the alphabet with the help of the ship's
cook, also an Italian, who had long ago emigrated to Malta.

An amusement and a godsend to him, that book! Because, one day, the
cook, having fallen seriously ill, had to be put ashore at Smyrna,
and, failing anyone else, he, the inheritor of the book and of its
culinary lore, had been put to the test of that other fire. He had
flung himself with all his energy into this new calling and in a short
time had managed to give the captain such satisfaction that he, seeing
his new cook about to fall ill like the other, had of his own accord
found him a place in the kitchen of an English family, of great
wealth, who lived in Constantinople.

But the illness he had contracted on board ship had not allowed him to
remain for long in this post, owing to an unfortunate accident that
befell him one day. A chemist from Alcamo, established for many years
there, in Constantinople, to whom he would repair now and again to
hear the sound of his native dialect, had tried to poison him. Yes!
Instead of a dose of the oil of sweet almonds, he had given him
apparently oil of bitter almonds. Was he a spy of the priests, of the
Sanfedisti, too? An unintentional error? The idea! He could well
remember how one day the man had dared to rebuke him sharply over the
affair of the hanged Franciscan, which he had told him, simply as a
joke. Ah, but having recovered by a miracle, after about three months,
from his poisoning, he had made the fellow pay dearly for his crime.
With his fist (here Mauro showed his fist with a smile) he had laid
him out on the floor of his shop. He had a huge iron ring on his
finger, like a twisted nail, which he had bought at Smyrna, and with
this--without meaning to, of course!--he had fractured the man's

After the first alarming shock of seeing the man fall to the ground in
a heap, before his eyes, streaming with blood, he had taken to his
heels and a few hours later had set sail on board a vessel bound for a
small port in Asia Minor. He could not remember the name of the little
seaside town in which he had landed: it was summer and he had at once
found employment as a bathing attendant.

"Have you ever heard of Grazio Antinori?" Mortara inquired at this

"The explorer? Yes," said Dianella.

"He came there, one day, to bathe," Mauro went on, "with another
Italian. I heard them talking, and went up to them. Antinori was
engaging people to go out shooting big game in the Libyan desert. He
liked the look of me, and took me on. We went out there; we sent him
the beasts we shot; he stuffed them and then sent them off to the
museums, London, Vienna.... When I came back from the expedition, as
he had taken a fancy to me, knowing I could be trusted, I helped him
to prepare his materials, and while I was doing so, quietly picked up
his secrets. So I learned how to stuff animals; and when he left, I
went on shooting game and sending home specimens on my own account.
Let me tell you about one adventure we had. One day, we had lost our
way, he and I, and were half dead with hunger and thirst. Suddenly we
caught sight of some fig-trees and made a dash for them, as you can
imagine. But the best figs were high up and we couldn't reach them.
Then I, the peasant, what did I do? I went off and came back in a
minute with a reed, a fine long one; I split it a little way at one
end and set to work to gather the ripest figs from the top, oozing
tears of milk: they were like honey, I can tell you! Antinori stood
watching me and gnashing his teeth with rage. At length he could stand
it no longer and shouted: 'What are you doing? Stop, will you? Are you
going to leave me to be killed by the Turks?' I knew the answer to
that. Without saying a word, I put out my arm and handed him the reed.
I went off and got another, and we went on calmly stealing figs. Ah,
Antinori... he liked me, and helped me a lot, even after he had gone
aw-ay. I stayed there more than six years. Then I heard that Garibaldi
had landed at Marsala; I flew back at once to Sicily. I landed at
Messina; I joined the volunteers at Milazzo. Don Stefano Auriti died
in my arms. He couldn't speak, he gave me a look begging me to take
care of his son, Don Roberto, his twelve year old lion cub.... How we
fought! At Reggio it was I that opened fire, do you know? The first
shot fired was mine! Then Bixio took me as his orderly.... What a day
that was, at Volturno! But now, after all the things I have seen and
been through, I have had enough, why not! Italy is great! Italy stands
at the head of the nations! She lays down the law to the world! And I
can say that I too, poor ignorant wretch that I am, have done
something, without making any talk about it. I can go to the King and
say to him: 'Your Majesty, in the throne you're sitting on, if it's
not a leg or a crossbar, there's a little peg somewhere that was stuck
there by me. I've done my share for you, my lad!' And I am content. I
go about Valsania here, I see the telegraph wires, I hear the pole
hum, as if there was a nest of hornets inside it, and my chest swells;
I say: 'The fruits of the Revolution!' I go over there, I see the
railway, the train burrowing underground, in the tunnel below
Valsania, which is like a dream to me; and I say 'The fruits of the
Revolution!' I go and stand under the pine, there, I look towards the
sea, I see Porto Empedocle, which at the time when I left for Malta
had nothing but the tower, the Bastiglie, the Old Harbour and a few
hovels, and has now grown to be almost a town; I see the two long
breakwaters of the new harbour, which make me think of a pair of arms
stretched out to all the ships of all the civilized nations of the
earth, as much as to say: 'Come! Come! Italy has risen again, Italy
embraces you all, offers you all the riches of her sulphur, the riches
of her gardens!' Fruit of the Revolution, this too, I think,
and--would you believe it?--I burst out crying like a child, for joy.

So saying, he took from the open bosom of his coarse flannel shirt a
big handkerchief of blue cotton, and wiped his eyes, which really were
filled with tears.

Dianella felt her own eyes too grow moist. This old man who inspired
such terror, who had killed one man, as though it were nothing, and
had caused the death of another, simply out of an insane suspicion,
who went about armed to the teeth, always within an inch of shedding
fresh blood, quick to anger as he was and savage and proud; there he
was crying like a child in front of her; he was crying from
tenderness, from satisfaction at the work that had been accomplished,
which he saw to be without fault and glorious; he cried, exalting
himself in his deeds and in the greatness of his country, for which he
had suffered so much and fought so well, without ever asking for any
reward, generous and fierce, faithful as a dog and bold as a lion. Not
his pigeons, nor the peace of the fields, nor the custody of his
vineyard, nor the song of the larks could succeed in calming his
spirit after all those years; this _camerone_ was, so to speak, his
church; and he came out of it reeling like a drunken man, and wandered
up and down the solitary paths, under the almond trees and olives,
talking to himself of battles and conspiracies, looking askance at the
sea in the direction of Tunis, from whence he imagined a surprise
attack by the French....

A jingle of bells and the sound of carriage wheels came suddenly to
distract Dianella from these reflexions and Mauro from his tears.

"Your father?" he asked, his face at once darkening, as he replaced
his handkerchief in the bosom of his shirt.

Dianella rose in alarm, and ran to the window to look out between the
slats of the shutters. She remained there. From the carriage, which
had drawn up in front of the villa, there alighted her father, home
again, and Aurelio Costa--he!--in his working clothes.

"Off with you, off with you," Mauro said to her, almost thrusting her
from the room. "I'll shut up and get away!"

Dianella went out into the corridor and saw at the far end of it Costa
and her father, on their way to the latter's room, the door of which
they shut behind them. Whereupon Mauro Mortara, like a wild animal
surprised in its lair, crept stealthily away, without another word to

She stood there in perplexity, profoundly moved, not knowing what to
make of her father's unexpected and unprecedented return. Evidently,
both his return and Aurelio Costa's visit had some connection with the
reports of the disturbances at Aragona. Something very serious indeed
must have happened. Had Aurelio run away? No: Dianella refused even
to imagine such a thing. Perhaps it was her father himself that had
sent for him. With what object?

She was tempted to retire to her own room, next door to her father's,
in the hope of hearing some of their conversation through the wall;
but she remembered the look her father had given her, that morning,
and held back; she remained, however, as though drawn in opposite
directions, in the entrance hall.

"Your Papa," Donna Sara Alaimo informed her, thrusting her head out
from behind the kitchen door.

Dianella nodded. "With the engineer," Donna Sara went on, in a

Dianella again nodded to shew that she knew this already, and went out
to the head of the outside stair. The carriage was still there,
waiting, at the foot of the steps. So her father was starting off
again immediately? Perhaps he had come back to fetch some of his

"Are you going to Porto Empedocle at once?" she asked the coachman.

"Yes, Your Excellency," was his answer.

And out came her father and Costa, in evident haste. Flaminio Salvo
did not expect to find his daughter at the head of the steps, and, on
catching sight of her, drew back a little, without stopping, smiled at
her and waved his hand in farewell. Aurelio Costa, who followed him,
stopped for a moment in confusion, and was about to take off his
travelling cap; but Salvo called out to him:

"Come along, come along...."

Dianella, pale, hardly able to breathe, saw them get into the carriage
and drive off, without turning their heads, and followed them with her
eyes until they disappeared among the trees of the avenue.

How Aurelio had altered! So agitated.... He looked ill, aged, with
his unshaven chin.... Dianella remembered the opinion that Nicoletta
Capolino had expressed of him. She would have liked to see him more
independent of her father; would have liked him, notwithstanding her
father's imperious summons, to stop at the head of the steps, if only
to bid her good day. Instead of at once obeying the call....

Perhaps the moment.... What could have been happening at the pit?


Flaminio Salvo came home late that evening, in high spirits, as he
always was when he had taken an important decision.

At supper he apologized to Don Cosmo for his outburst that morning;
explaining that his gorge rose at the endless worries that kept
pouring upon him from those sulphur pits at Aragona, and that he had
decided to close them.

"And so," he exclaimed, "those fine gentlemen can do a little striking
for my amusement, and will have more time to listen to the sermons of
their humanitarian priests. Let them live upon sermons! A fine thing,
the humanitarian gospel, Don Cosmo, if you keep to one page! If they
were to turn the page.... But you won't find them doing that! They are
quite right; but their reason is here!"

And he tapped his stomach.

"Go and explain to them that the fiscal policy pursued by the Italian
Government has been a regular gold mine to the industry and
capitalists of Northern Italy, and an utter disaster to the South and
to our poor Island; that for years past taxation and our other burdens
have been steadily increasing and our output steadily falling; that
with the price to which sulphur has now fallen not only is it
absolutely impossible to treat them more generously, but it is sheer
madness to carry on the industry at all.... I have kept the sulphur
pits open for their sake, to let them have at least a crust of bread.
They strike, do they? Most considerate of them! That means to say that
they can get along without work. A public holiday! Cakes and ale!"

"Life!" sighed Don Cosmo, his lips drooping. "When you come to think
it over.... The sulphur, of course... our industries... this
tablecloth here, damask... this cut glass... the bronze lamp... all
this nonsense on the table ... and in the house... and all over the
place ... steamers on the sea, railways, balloons in the air.... We
are mad, upon my word of honour it's mad we are.... Yes: they serve,
they serve to fill up to a certain extent that supreme nonsense which
we call life, to give it a certain form, a certain consistency....
Mah! I swear to you, there are moments when I don't know whether it is
I that am mad, I who understand nothing about it, or the people who
seriously believe that they do understand something about it, and talk
and move as if they really had some definite goal in front of them,
which, when they reached it, would not appear futile in their own
eyes. I should begin, my dear sir, by breaking this glass. Then I
should pull down the house.... To begin all over again, possibly!...
You say that those poor fellows have their reason here? They are
fortunate, my friend! And woe to them if they reach satiety. ...
Where do you keep your reason? Where is mine?"

And he rose from the table.

A little later, Flaminio Salvo and Dianella were standing by the
window. The night was dark as pitch. The profound stars, that studded
and enlarged the firmament, failed to shed any light on the earth. The
grasshoppers were chiming uninterruptedly in the distance, and, now
and then, from the depths of the valley rose the agonising note of an
owl, like a sob. The darkness, the silence round the villa was at
intervals pierced here and there and set throbbing by the swift shriek
of unseen bats. Then the moon rose, fiery red, where the cloister of
Monserrato loomed large against the sky, and the leaves stirred
faintly over the whole countryside. A dog, far away, howled.

"Have you nothing, Dianella, nothing at all to say to your father?"
Salvo asked, without looking at her, in a sorrowful tone, as though in
the spirit he were straying far afield beyond the window. "I?" said
Dianella, puzzled and almost tongue-tied. "Nothing.... What could I
have to say to you?"

"Nothing, then," her father went on. "No tiny, tiny secret... nothing,
eh? I am glad of that. Because you, my poor child, have only me, alas,
and I have so many worries.... And to-day ... what a day it has
been!... Do you know what most people lack? The sense of what is
opportune. I don't mean to imply that I should have said yes, if the
request had been put to me on some other day, in some other way; but I
should have said no, a little more politely at least, after I had
spoken to you."

Dianella was afraid, as she listened to her father's calm, slow
utterance, that he might hear the violent beating of her heart, held
in an agony of suspense, amid the impetuous boiling of all the blood
in her veins.

"They came to me... you understand what I mean," Salvo went on,
turning and gazing into her eyes. "And I, being certain that my good
daughter, who is such a sensible girl, could never, even for a moment,
have fixed her attention upon a young man--oh, a good young man, yes;
but still, for all sorts of reasons, neither suitable nor worthy--I,
caught at a really inopportune moment, refused, point blank. Let us
think now, can't you guess?"

"No...." Dianella breathed rather than uttered the word, while her
hosom heaved in a welter of mingled emotions.

"You can't guess, really?" her father insisted, with a smile, as
though conscious of the torture he was inflicting upon her. "Come,
have a try...."

"I... I couldn't..." she stammered.

"Then I shall have to tell you," her father concluded, "so that you
may know where you are. De Vincentis...."

"Ah!" exclaimed Dianella, with an irrepressible peal of laughter.
"That poor Nini!"

"That poor Nini," her father echoed, shaking his head and smiling
himself also. "Then you expected it?"

"No, I swear to you," Dianella hastily and emphatically replied. "I
had noticed, yes...."

"But you were thinking of some one else?" her father was prompt with
the question, looking more sharply at her.

Dianella remained silent for a moment, meeting her father's gaze with
a firm coldness.

"I have already said no."

The suspicion that her father had intended by this speech to set a
trap for her had turned to certainty. Perhaps it was not even true
that Nini De Vincentis had made him this proposal. And that her father
should have made use of him, a penniless youth of noble birth, only
too much of a gentleman, as though to bring him into derision,
seemed hateful to her, knowing as she did that De Vincentis was
another of her father's victims.

He said nothing more; he remained for a while at the window, looking
out, then turned away with a sigh and bade his daughter good night
before going off to bed.

"Good night," Dianella answered him, coldly.

As soon as her father had left the room, she buried her face in her
hands and cried, cried impetuously, silently, stifling her sobs. She
felt that her father had been amusing himself by lacerating her heart,
like a cat playing with a mouse. Why, oh why was he so cruel, even
with his own daughter, when it would have been so easy for him to be
kind to everyone? If he really wished her to tell him her secret, when
he reminded her that she had no one else in whom to confide but
himself, why, at the very moment in which he set before her the cruel
fate that had robbed her of a mother's counsel and love, did he lay a
trap for her? And so, no; it was now obvious: he did not wish her to
be in love with Aurelio. He had shut down the sulphur pits; perhaps he
had put into effect his threat of that morning: "I'll send you all
packing!" Aurelio too? Oh, Aurelio could get on without him now! If he
lost that post, there were plenty more, and better, that he would at
once be able to find. And this perhaps (why, surely), annoyed her
father all the more, namely that he should have put the young man in a
position to get on without him, and have done so because of an
obligation which bound him to the young man. He wanted people to be
pliable tools in his hands; instead of which, Aurelio might rise
against him, where he most dreaded rebellion, in the heart of his
daughter. Yes, yes, because he knew very well that she was in love
with him. If Aurelio had only known it too! But what was to happen
meanwhile, if her father had really shut down the pits and dismissed
him? Aurelio would go away again, might return perhaps to Sardinia,
without the slightest suspicion of her love for him, and there,
perhaps Dianella again buried her face in her hands. In the agonizing
void, fastening her attention, unconsciously, on the dense, continuous
chime of the grasshoppers, it seemed to her that it, in the silence,
became at every moment louder and more intense; she thought of the
disturbances at Aragona and Comitini; and that fervid chorus became
then to her, of a sudden, the distant, vague clamour of a populace in
revolt, to whom Aurelio, turned rebel, was going, to make himself
their leader and avenger. And she? and she?

She took her hands from her face: like a dream now appeared to her the
desolate peace of the countryside, spread out before her in the moist
pale light of the moon. And a cool, unlooked-for spring of tenderness
burst from her heart; and fresh tears dimmed her eyes.

Ah, it was beautiful all the same, how beautiful, the spectacle of
that profound moonlit night over the country, with those ancient
trees, motionless in their sad perennial dream, raising their trunks
from the earth's bosom, with those hills behind which enclosed, dark
against the sky, the mystery of the most distant ages, with that
tremulous limpid persistent song of the grasshoppers which, scattered
among the grass of the plain, seemed to be urging forgetfulness of

Between grasshoppers and trees, moon and hills, was there not perhaps
a mysterious concert, from which man remained excluded? So much beauty
was not created for men, who at that hour, weary, closed their eyes in
sleep; it would last all night long, unseen by any eye, in the silence
of the countryside, after she too had closed her window. Perhaps this
was what the invisible bat wanted, that shrieked as it flitted past
outside, hurt and attracted by the light: did it want her to cease
from disturbing by her vigil the nocturnal mysterious concert of
solitary nature?

Dianella shut the window: she left open just a chink of one of the
inside shutters, and, through this breathing space, her hands clasped
before her lips, prayed in silence for all that beauty which remained
outside, animated of a sudden in her eyes by the spirit of God, Whom
men offended with their turbulent and sordid passions. Casting a
farewell glance at the avenue leading from the villa, she observed a
shadow passing along it, a bald scalp that gleamed in the moonlight.
Don Cosmo? It was he.

Ah, immersed, out there, in the spirit of God, he perhaps was not
conscious of it! He was pacing up and down the avenue, at that hour of
the night, his hands clasped behind his back, absorbed still, she
might be certain, in his own dark and vain meditations.



NEITHER appeals to the electors printed in letters a foot high on
paper of every hue, nor any unusual animation along the tortuous
streets of the old city. And yet the day fixed for the parliamentary
election was close at hand.

But boredom had long since yawned in the face of charlatanry, which
had lost its voice. The ladder for the assault of the walls, of the
bastions, had rotted in its hands, the gluepot was broken.

Charlatanry had assumed the respectable disguise of a priest, and,
collected, cautious, hypocritical, went on its way, concealing amid
the folds of the priestly cloak the stick of the big drum, converted
into an aspergili.

The townsfolk had no difficulty in recognizing it beneath this
disguise: they let it go about as it chose; they even respected it;
provided, of course, that it did not weary them with too many sermons;
it lent them money, besides, on the quiet--at a high rate of interest,
but still it lent it; while publicly, with a large subsidy from Salvo
and others from minor investors, it had opened a Catholic People's
Bank--in the approved interest of Holy Mother Church.

The public offices, the Prefecture, the Customs and Excise, the
national schools, the law courts, still gave a little movement, though
barely more than mechanical, to the town: the tide of life was now
flowing elsewhere. The industry, the trade, all the true activity in
short, had transferred itself, some time since, to Porto Empedocle,
yellow with sulphur, white with lime, dusty and noisy, grown in a
short time into one of the busiest and most crowded marts on the

But even there, the superabundance of the sulphur in the primitive
conditions in which the industry was carried on, people's ignorance of
the uses to which the substance was applied and of the profits that
could be derived from it, the absence of capital on a large scale, the
need of or greed for a quick return, all brought it about that this
natural wealth of the soil, which should have meant the wealth of the
inhabitants, was swallowed up day by day in the holds of the British,
American, French and German trading steamers, leaving all those who
lived by the industry or the trade with their backs broken by hard
toil, their pockets empty and their minds poisoned by the savage and
insidious warfare with which they fought for the wretched sums paid as
purchase money or freight for goods which their own activity had
cheapened. At Girgenti, only the summary courts and the assize courts
were really busy, open as they were all the year round. Up at the
Culmo delle Forche the gaol of Santo Vito was always overflowing with
prisoners, who sometimes had to wait three or four years before being
tried. And it was a good thing that, in the majority of cases, there
was no danger of innocence being injured by this enforced delay.

The town was quiet on the whole; but in the country districts and
villages of the Province crimes of bloodshed, spontaneous or hired,
due to sudden quarrels or to schemes of vengeance, and highway
robberies and cattle stealing and kidnappings and extortion of ransom
were incessant and numberless, the fruit of misery, of savage
ignorance, of hard and brutalizing toil, of vast, burnt, barren tracts
of land insufficiently policed.

There, to the Piazza Sant'Anna, where the law courts were, in the
centre of the town, the litigants came flocking from all parts of the
Province, rough, stunted folk, baked by the sun, gesticulating in a
thousand vivaciously expressive ways: owners of land or sulphur at law
with their tenants or with the warehousemen of Porto Em-pedocle, and
brokers and agents and lawyers and messengers; there came crowding in
the dazed, loutish peasants from Grotte or Favara, Racalmato or
Raffadali or Montaperto, sulphur workers or farm labourers, most of
them, with grimed and sunburned faces and foxy eyes, dressed in their
thick holiday clothes of dark blue broadcloth with headgear of strange
fashion: conical caps, of velvet; cowls, of knitted cotton; or Paduan
caps; with rings or chains of gold in their ears, come to give
evidence or to visit their relatives in prison. They spoke, all of
them, in deep guttural tones or with full-throated and voluble
interjections. Sparks flew from the cobbled roadways at the heavy
tread of their iron-shod boots, made of rawhide, high, solid and
clumsy. And they brought with them their womenfolk, mothers and wives
and daughters and sisters, with eyes that shrank in terror or flashed
with a puzzled shy anxiety, in gowns of barracan; with short
broadcloth capes, white or black, and brightly coloured kerchiefs on
their heads, tied below the chin; some of them with the lobes of their
ears torn by the weight of their ornaments, rings, pendants,
teardrops; others garbed in black, their eyes and cheeks scalded by
tears, the relatives of some murdered man.

Among these, when they were Unescorted, would circulate, sharp-eyed
and slinking, an old bawd or two to tempt the younger and better
looking of them, who flushed crimson with shame but yielded
nevertheless at times and were led away, overcome by confusion and
trembling, to make a surrender of their bodies, without any pleasure
to themselves, so as not to return to the village empty-handed, to buy
for the fatherless little ones at home a pair of shoes or a little
frock. (Such bargains! A poor girl ought not to miss the opportunity.
No one would ever know.... Quick, quick.... A sin, yes, but God read
what was in the heart....)

The many idlers of the town strolled meanwhile up and down, up and
down, always at the same pace, dropping with boredom, with the
automatic gait of lunatics, up and down the principal street, the only
level road in the place, bearing a fine Greek name, Via Atenea, but as
narrow and tortuous as all the rest.

Via Atenea, Rupe Atenea, Empedocle... names: illuminating names,
which made all the more dreary the poverty and squalor of things and
places. The Akragas of the Greeks, the Agrigentum of the Romans had
ended in the Kerkent of the Musulmans, and the brand of the Arabs had
remained indelibly stamped on the minds and manners of the people. A
taciturn slothfulness, a sensitive and jealous distrust.

>From the Bosco della Civita, the heart of the vanished ancient city,
there ran up at one time to the hill on which the new town sits in
squalor a long avenue of tall, austere cypresses, as though to point
the way for death. Few of these now remained; one, the tallest and
darkest, still rose beneath the town's one public avenue, called Viale
della Passeggiata, the only beautiful thing that the town possessed,
lying open as it did to the magnificent view of the whole vast expanse
of country, undulating in hills and valleys and plains, and of the sea
beyond, contained in the boundless curve of the horizon. This cypress,
standing out blue and majestic, after the flames of the marvellous
sunsets had died down, against the lowland darkening with the blue of
night, seemed to embody in itself the infinite sadness of the silence
exhaled from places once so clamorous with life. Here, to-day, death
sat enthroned. Commanded, from the top of the hill, by the old Norman
cathedral dedicated to San Gerlando, the Bishop's palace and the
Seminary, Girgenti was the city of priests and passing bells. From
morning to night, the thirty churches exchanged, in long, slow peals,
the note of mourning and the call to prayer, diffusing over all a
horrid gloom. Not a day went by that you did not see passing in
funeral procession the grey-clad orphan girls of the Boccone del
Povero: pale and bent, their wasted little faces all eyes, with veils
on their heads, medals on their bosoms and tapers in their hands.
Anyone, for a modest fee, might secure their escort; and nothing was
sadder than the sight of all that girlhood oppressed by the spectre of
death, which they must follow thus, day after day, at a crawling pace,
taper in hand, its flame flickering invisible in the sunlight.

Who, in such a state of mind, could take any interest in a
parliamentary election? No one had any faith in institutions, nor had
ever had any such faith. Corruption was borne as a chronic,
irremediable evil; and he was deemed a simpleton or a madman, impostor
or self-seeker, who ventured to raise his voice against it.

At that moment, the idlers were talking less of the approaching
election than of the duel between the candidate Ignazio Capolino and
Guido Veronica.

The violent intrusion of Roberto Auriti had complicated the question
at issue. Guido Veronica had at once accepted Capolino's challenge; he
had asked however for a few days' grace in order to provide himself
with seconds. And there had come from Palermo the Deputy Corrado
Selmi, with another gentleman, who professed to be a famous swordsman.
Roberto Auriti, meanwhile, being debarred from fighting Preola and not
wishing that anyone else should avenge his father's memory for the
vile insult offered to it, had claimed the right to fight Capolino
first. The latter's seconds, as also Veronica himself, had opposed
this claim. In Capolino's name, his seconds had honourably declared
their regret for Preola's article, which had found its way
surreptitiously into the newspaper. The person actually responsible
for the insult being thus disowned by his own party, being moreover
admittedly unqualified to take the field and having in the meantime
been expelled from Girgenti, Auriti was no longer in a position to
demand satisfaction; and a single duel was to be fought, in order that
the affair might terminate honourably: the duel between Veronica and
Capolino, for the assault made upon the latter in the open street.
Quite right!

This greatly debated quarrel had aroused keen excitement among the
townsfolk, quite a number of whom had suddenly revealed a passionate
interest in duelling; and this excitement had been raised to the
highest pitch by the intervention of so notorious a person as Selmi
and by the provoking, Spaniard-like airs of Veronica's other second,
the swashbuckler.

But on the other side, the local champion, Ignazio Capolino, had
placed himself in good hands also: in those of a certain D'Ambrosio, a
distant relative of his wife, who knew how to handle a sword and was
not the sort of man to let himself be imposed upon either by the
reputation of Corrado Selmi or by the other gentleman's swagger. He
stood alone, though, for Capolino's other second was a joke: Nini De
Vincentis, just imagine! Poor Nini, he had positively been dragged in
by the hair of his head! Sabres, blood--he that was a regular young
lady, a lily-bearing San Luigi Gonzaga. He would be sure to faint,
when it came to the fight! What on earth was that fellow Capo-lino
thinking about, to go and choose Nini of all people, as though the
town were not full of far more suitable men! But perhaps D'Ambrosio
had chosen him deliberately, as a piece of bravado.

Nini was still unaware of the definite refusal given by Salvo to the
offer of marriage which--under pressure from his brother Vincente--he
had made Monsignor Montero convey. Capolino had forced him to accept
this position (a terrible one to him) of second supporter at the duel,
giving him to understand that Salvo would be extremely grateful to
him. Perbacco, was he or was he not going to give the lie, once and
for all, to the reputation for modest, girlish timidity which he had
won in the town? A man! A man! He must prove that he was a man!
Anyhow, paunch and presence: that was all that was required of him.
Paunch, indeed? Was Nini required to shew a paunch? Thin and straight
as a lath.... Go on, it was only an expression: "Paunch and presence."
Calm and neat as any dandy from Paris, he was certain to cut a
splendid figure.

All four seconds had assembled in the course of the morning at the
Prince of Laurentano's villa, Colimbetra, where the duel was to be
fought, to make the necessary arrangements and to choose the ground.
No one out there would dare to interrupt the proceedings. The Prince
was going, on the following morning, to Valsania, to be introduced to
his bride, as had been arranged; immediately after his departure, the
duel was to begin. The peripatetic idlers, from the Viale della
Passeggiata, watched the four seconds drive back from Colimbetra.

Ignazio Capolino, meanwhile, was waiting for his seconds to return,
strolling with the officials of the Party upon the wide marble
terrace, outside the Club which, like so many other things there, was
called Empedocle.

This duel, on the very eve of the election, had increased his
importance and had won him friends. He made a show of not being in
the least concerned, and this display of entire indifference aroused
an admiring approbation in the friends who strolled by his side. He
had already begun his tour of the constituency, and was now describing
the enthusiastic welcome he had received the day before in the
suburban district of Favara. He would have liked to go that day to
the other suburb, Siculiana, where the electors were impatiently
awaiting him; but D'Ambrosio, his master, his tyrant for the time
being, had absolutely forbidden this, for fear of his tiring himself

He was sorry, for the sake of his friends at Siculiana, that was all.
They too had prepared a great welcome for him. His victory was
assured, notwithstanding the threats and high-handedness of the
Government, and the Prefect's orders, and police persecution. Roberto
Auriti would or might have a majority of a handful of votes only in
the village of Comitini, where Pompeo Agro numbered many friends.

Capolino gave this information with genuine regret for his opponent,
and this regret was genuinely shared by all that heard him. Because it
was well known that Auriti had never reaped any reward from the
Liberal principles for which he had fought in his boyhood, nor from
his persistent loyalty to them in later life; and that it was
certainly not in the hope of reaping any reward from them that he had
come to ask for the votes of his fellow citizens, but almost as a duty
that was imposed upon him or perhaps under the ingenuous illusion that
he had a sufficient claim to those votes in the respect due to his
honesty. No one denied him that respect, indeed everybody was quite
prepared to do him some honour proportionate to his deserts. But the
honour of electing him to Parliament, no, what an idea! That honour
was not, could not be for him; and the clearest proof of this lay in
the ingenuousness of such an illusion.

When his seconds arrived, Capolino withdrew with them to a corner of
the big morning room of the Club.

Nini De Vincentis appeared dazed, his face mottled as though it had
been pinched all over, and his eyes glistening, absent and sullen.
D'Ambrosio, tall and fair, short-sighted, restless, with a horse face,
arched shoulders, an enormous chest and long, bony legs, was speaking
volubly, running all his words together. He was the most plain-spoken
of men, and people put up with his plain speech not only because they
knew him to be quarrelsome, but because he often made them laugh. His
insults became blunted and lost their sting in the laughter with which
they were received, and so he was able to insult everyone, and to
shout the vilest abuse in people's faces without anyone's feeling
offended or hurt.

"Do me a blessed favour," he began, "and tell my cousin Nicoletta to
leave you alone to-night, as you have to fight for your holy devils.
For your holy ideals, I should say. You're getting an old man, Gnazio,
do you know that? Hold out your arm: let me see whether it shakes."

Capolino with a smile held out his arm.

"Good," D'Ambrosio went on. "We'll pump the lead into them, my boy. I
mean it! First of all, pistols. Three rounds each at five-and-twenty
paces. (Nini must remember not to stop his ears when he hears the
bang.) Then the sabres. As far as the sabres are concerned, we're in
clover; but the pistols--Gnazio, my boy, you're getting old, and I
fear.... Oh, well; come along home with me. There's the courtyard. I
want to see how well you can shoot."

Capolino tried to resist; but there was no way out of it; he was
obliged to go, as also was Nini, to accustom his ears to the sound.

They went up the steep Via di Lena, where a brawl seemed to be in
progress, a mob of people gathered round some one who was singing. It
was nothing! Only the fish-hawkers who, having just arrived from the
harbour, and dismounted from their loaded mules, were crying fresh
fish amid the crowd, with a long and cheerful lilt. The trio proceeded
by the increasingly steep ascent of Bac Bac, and came out by the
highest of the city gates, that to the north, the old name of which,
likewise of Arabic origin, Bab-er-rjiah (Gate of the Winds) had been
corrupted to Biberia.

D'Ambrosio lived up there in an old house with its _baglio_ (an
immense cobbled yard) and a water tank in the middle, keeping house
with his aged mother, to whom he paid a more than religious devotion.
The poor old lady was deaf, and lived in constant anxiety, in a
continual tremor for that hotheaded son of hers. A half-knitted
stocking in her hands, she was always looking out from one of the
windows. She saw the hill, on which Girgenti stands, drop
precipitously to the Val Sellano, intersected by a network of dusty
roads. The view to the front was vast and mountainous. To the right,
rose dark and looming Monte Caltafaraci; beyond, in the background,
San Benedetto; from there extended the plain of Consolida and, still
looking westward, the plain of Clerici, beyond the mountain of
Carapezza and the nearer Montaperto. Below, and just opposite, the
chalky face of the Serra Ferlucchia shewed the cavernous mouths of the
sulphur pits and the bleak white mounds of burnt refuse. Far away, at
the boundary of the Province, rose cloud-capped and majestic Monte
Gemini, one of the highest peaks in Sicily. The grey, arid, hard
asperity of the landscape was relieved only here and there by an
occasional dark carub.

D'Ambrosio left his friends to wait in the courtyard; he went upstairs
and came down again a moment later with a big duelling revolver and a
box of cartridges; with a stick of charcoal he sketched a few lines on
the wall, by the empty stable, the form of a man, Guido Veronica; then
stepped out twenty-five paces from the wall.

"Here, Gnazio! I shall clap my hands three times; at the third, you
fire! Are you ready?"

Capolino had submitted to this test as to a joke, without enthusiasm.
Only when he saw facing him, on the wall, the human target which now
seemed with an affectation of lifelessness to be awaiting his shots,
but to-morrow would be stepping out to meet him, detaching itself from
the wall, with live arms and legs, pointing the muzzle of a similar
pistol at himself, Capolino, his lips frozen in a smile, knitted his
brows and resolutely fired.

D'Ambrosio declared himself highly satisfied with the test; then, just
for fun, tried to force Nini to fire at the mark as well.

Nini proved as obstinate as a mule. But D'Ambrosio would not rest
until he had compelled him to fire; whereupon he burst out in a wild
peal of laughter:

"Upon my word, he shut his eyes, both of them! A glass of water! A
glass of water!"

And he ran to support him, as though Nini were about to faint. But he
did not prolong the joke farther. He began to speak with great fervour
of Corrado Selmi:

"A charming fellow! He looks quite a young man, you know? And he was
out on the 4th of April, in the affair at La Gancia.... He must
be at least fifty.... He looks thirty-five, thirty-eight at the very
most.... Clever as they make 'em, broad-minded, an all round man. They
say he has more debts than there are hairs on his head. I can well
believe it! And... oh, a game-cock! Mad on the hens. His Excellency
the Minister D'Atri ought to know something about that...."

Having arranged that they should meet again on the following morning,
Capolino went away with Nini De Vincentis.

"Don't forget about Nicoletta! Keep a prudent vigil!" D'Ambrosio
called after him from the door of the courtyard, making a trumpet of
his hands; then, as though he had caught sight of a mad dog: "Look
out, Gnazio, look out, man! He's after you! He's after you!"

Capolino and Nini De Vincentis turned round to look, laughing, and saw
close behind them Nocio Pigna, _Propaganda_, who was coming down by
the same way, with his long arm dangling and the other balanced on his
knee. _Propaganda_ also turned, angrily, to face D'Ambrosio, opened
his lustrous madman's eyes and, raising his arm, hurled at him the
word which to him was the deepest brand of infamy: "_Ignorante_!"


And he had a better right, now, than ever to stamp with this brand all
his enemies, bourgeois and priests and nobles, had Propaganda: the
_Fascio_, in spite of the Prefect and Town Council, the Police and the
military authorities, had at length succeeded in establishing itself.

Yes, my friends, even at Girgenti, in the town of crows and passing
bells, the Fascio.

He looked up, swelling with pride, and with an air of patronage, at
those old hovels of the San Michele quarter, dens of misery; at those
old lanes, crooked, filthy, deep-rutted; and his eyes blazed.

More than with his fellow men, he felt himself in harmony now with the
worn, blackened stones of those hovels, the gaping cobbles of those
breakneck lanes; he talked to them in his heart; said to them "Bye and
bye!" It was for the honour of the town, first and foremost, that he
had fought and was fighting, that it might not he said that Gir-genti
alone, when the whole Island was in a ferment, remained silent and
dead. Soon those houses, soon those streets would be jubilant with a
new life.

It was a serious matter, however, that it must cost him so much labour
to persuade other people to advance their own interests; that everyone
must compel him to wear himself out, to grow so heated in that task of
persuasion that he might almost he suspected of having some isecret
motive or hope of profit!

Who was making him do it? Really, now! He had been thrust on one side,
almost expelled from society, had become superfluous in his own home.
Peaceably and forcibly people had said and proved to him that they
could get on without him; that they no longer had any need of him.
After squeezing him like a lemon, seducing one of his daughters,
befouling his grey hair with mud, after slandering and defaming him,
they proposed now to fling him away, did they? Oh, no! Things of that
sort were not done to Pigna. Not only was he not superfluous, he
intended, by Jove, to be positively indispensable; indispensable, in
spite of them all! And very soon they would realize this, the
_ignoranti_ who refused to acknowledge him. If other people worked to
support him, all that he gained was the leisure to work in his turn
for other people; with this further consideration, that the help given
to him was meagre, after all, and provided only the humblest
essentials of life; whereas the help that he gave to others, the work
that he performed was great, and provided for the higher needs. Easy,
comfortable, his work? Oh yes, a regular bed of roses, to be sure!
Dashing about from morning to night, racing up and down upon that fine
pair of shanks that God had given him, shouting himself hoarse,
wasting his breath, anybody could imagine what a pleasant life his
must be!

Like a beleagured fortress, everything in which had been used as a
missile to repel the assaults from without, so that the inside was
left empty, Nocio Pigna had posted, in front and in rear and all about
him, reasons and sentiments, all his own misfortunes, as weapons of
defence against the people who were toiling remorselessly to destroy
his reputation. The more he spoke, the more the sound of his own words
increased his conviction and his passion. But by dint of always
repeating the same things, in the same order, he had let them become
stereotyped in a form in which they lost all their efficacy; his lips,
one might say, were stopped up, like guns that emitted nothing but
noise, smoke and wads. Inside there was nothing left. He was a man who
spoke, and nothing more.

Meanwhile, he had brought the Fascio into being. That it was really
composed entirely of working men, people were inclined to doubt. Not
even Propaganda himself would have made bold, perhaps, to assert that
the non-working element in his membership was as yet very numerous.
But the great thing was to begin; and this is how things gradually are

Certainly a fine haul, a solemn enrolment with several thousand
members collected in a single day would have been possible only at
Porto Em-pedocle, among the _men of the sea_, the carters, the crews
of the lighters, the lads in the warehouses, the weighmen and porters.
But at Porto Empedocle.... Hush, for the love of God!

Nocio Pigna could not bear to hear the place mentioned: the memory of
the hot reception he had had there was like an ever open wound in his
heart, and the merest touch would set it endlessly throbbing. Breed of
dogs, offscourings of civilization! To have the sea, my friends,
constantly before their eyes; what are you laughing at? the divine
sea, the immensity of it! to have planted their own homes upon the
beach, in readiness for the ships of distant lands, to have placed
their life, in other words, at the mercy of foreigners; and, my
friends, no spirit of human brotherhood! Of all that sea they could
behold nothing more than the beach, or rather the filth only upon the
beach, their own sewage running down the open drains. That sea, oh,
that sea ought to have boiled with rage, with contempt, to have reared
up a mighty wave and submerged it, engulfed it, that town of carrion!

Here, at Girgenti, one had to work like the ants, with patience! He
had hegnn to negotiate with the presidents of sundry local guilds: but
those linked hands, the symbol of the mutual benefit societies, hands
amputated at the wrist, bloodless, that is to say with no political
colour, or hands clasping the blessed rosary and olive branch of some
Catholic club, found it hard to unlink themselves, found it hard to
extend themselves in brotherly greeting to the workers in other trades
and callings, as they had done at Catania, at Palermo, to form a wider
circle, a union of all the forces of the proletariat, in short, the
Fascio of Fasci.

Luca Lizio had already written to Rome to Don Lando Laurentano (who
was one of themselves, God be praised, a Prince and a Socialist!), so
that he might give the necessary impetus to all the doubtful and
wavering: a single word from him, a sign would be ample. They were
waiting from day to day for his reply, which was perhaps being delayed
by the displeasure which his father's absurd marriage must be causing
the young Prince.

Meanwhile he, Nocio Pigna, was losing no time and was not letting
himself be cast down by the obstacles in his way. He realized that it
would be foolish to attach too much importance to those guilds: in a
dead town like Girgenti, devoid of any industry, where for years past
they had ceased to build any fresh houses and everything was perishing
in slow and silent decay; where not only did the inhabitants never
seek any expensive amusement, but everyone was trying to restrict his
most modest requirements; masons and smiths, tailors and cobblers
depended too much on the few so-called gentry; and the secret
discontent would certainly not find in them the courage to declare
itself openly, when the occasion arose. In a day or two they would
all be voting for that rascal Capolino, at a nod from Don Flaminio
Salvo. And yet, by joining, by enrolling in the Party, the workmen
might serve as an example to the peasants; might draw them in, indeed.
Like sheep, those peasants were, poor creatures! Sheep, though, that
knew the cruelty of the rapacious hands that shore and milked them;
sheep that, if they succeeded in acquiring a consciousness of their
rights, in forming the least conception of that famous "virtue of
their force," would turn in an instant into wolves.

A section of them, meanwhile, lived scattered about the country, and
did not come up to the town, perched high on its hill, save on Sundays
and holidays. Those of them who were called _garzoni_, the least
sunken in poverty, since they drew a meagre wage throughout the year,
were too much afraid of the bailiffs, or _curatoli_ or _soprastanti_,
savage taskmasters in the service of the landlords. There remained the
day labourers, those who, after sixteen hours of toil (when they were
fortunate enough to find any work) came back to the town at night
shouldering their tools, with aching backs and each with fifteen soldi
or so in his pocket. At these Nocio Pigna marvelled; they were the
majority; but clay, clay, clay, into which God had not breathed; or
else poverty had long since quenched that breath; dried clay which
gave you a painful surprise if, in looking at you, it moved its eyes,
or in speaking, its lips.

He had taken a lease of the huge building of a derelict cereal factory
on the Piano di Gamez, next door to his own house, capable of holding
five hundred members and more: a trifle damp, perhaps, a trifle dark;
but what of that; by lighting two or three candles one could see
fairly well in the daytime. He had fitted it up as best he could,
chiefly with his own hands. Ten tablets on the walls, five a side,
with the sacramental mottoes of the Party, blazoned upon some old
hangings of imitation damask, which, had they been able to speak,
might have been heard muttering endless Paters and Aves to themselves:
once upon a time, indeed, they had served to decorate, upon festal
occasions, the church of San Pietro, where Nocio Pigna had been
employed as sacristan. The old incumbent had made him a present of
them at the time. He had exhumed them from the chest in which for
years they had been folded away with camphor and pepper, a discredited
treasure, and now there they were, and--Luca Lizio might say what he
pleased--did make a splendid show. Besides, to attract the peasants,
it did not seem a bad idea to Nocio Pigna that the Fascio should have
a somewhat churchlike air; and on the president's table he had set a
crucifix as well. Behind the table was displayed the red flag
embroidered by his daughter Rita, Luca's "companion". And Luca sat
there, from morning to night, studying Marx (Markis, Pigna called
him), writing, corresponding with the presidents of the other Fasci of
the Province and with those of the whole Island and with Milan and
Rome. A stranger, passing by the open door of the Fascio, might at
tunes have supposed that he was engaged in extracting a piece of dirt
from his nose and then flicking it away with his fingers; but what an
idea! dirt, indeed! at such moments, Luca was thinking: with that
finger in his nose, he was thinking: when he was thinking, Luca became
so absent-minded that he did not even notice the trumpet blasts of the
five "brethren" constituting the band, who, to tell the truth, were a
perfect plague. But it did not do to blow cold upon juvenile ardour.
Five of the students from the Technical Institute who had been among
the first to join the Party: Rocco Centura, who had taken his
accountant's certificate that year, Mondino Micciche, Bernardo
Raddusa, Toto Licalsi and Emanuele Garofalo, helped Luca with his
correspondence. They had found a messenger who had assumed the office
of secret police, a certain "Pispisa," who hung about all day long
gossiping with his official brethren. The forty members, who would
soon swell to four hundred, four thousand, had already elected their
decurions, each with his brave red _fascia_ on his collar-band. To
provide against the arrest of the President, that is to say of Luca
Lizio, the Council had elected a Secret President in Rocco Ventura.

For already both Pigna himself and Lizio had been summoned together
_ad audiendum verbum_ by Cavalier Franco, the Commissary of Police.

Oh, most polite, with his fair hair and rosy cheeks and his smile,
blinking his fine languid blue eyes or stroking with a white, ladylike
hand the little golden beard that forked from his chin, Cavalier
Franco had made them a little speech, which Pigna never wearied of
repeating to all and sundry, mimicking his voice and gestures.

The red, the red of flag and _fasce_ was what had most offended the
Signor Commissario. Why, yes, like bulls, the police lost their heads
at the sight of anything red....

Not that Cavalier Franco had been in the least infuriated: a polite
policemanship, his, outwardly at least. All he wished to know was, why
_red_, when after all there were so many other pretty colours to
choose among: orange yellow, pea green.... And one other thing he
wished to know: why these two gentlemen in particular, Lizio and
Pigna, had undertaken this task. What did they expect from it? What
did they hope to gain? A seat on the Town Council, or higher still
even, in Parliament? Nothing of that sort? Then why? From a
disinterested love of their neighbour? From a sense of social
justice? Fine words. Yes, he was gracious enough to admit, himself,
that the condition of the farm labourer was really unjust. But were
they so certain that they would be doing him a service in raising him
above that condition? People who live in darkness need spend nothing
on light; and light is expensive, and makes people see things that
they never saw before; and the more they see the more they require, my
friends! Now, in what does true wealth, true happiness consist? In
having few requirements. And so... and so... in short, a little
applied philosophy, and the following conclusion:

"My dear Sirs, I am not going to have you arrested, even though you
wish it yourselves. You say that the conflict is bound to come, if the
conditions in which your clients are living do not improve? Very good.
I beg you to remember the story of the pitcher that went too often to
the well.... And that is my last word!"

Cavalier Franco had been half annoyed, half irritated by Luca's
silence; during his speech it was to Luca that he had turned, and he
could scarcely conceal his irritation at hearing himself answered by
Pigna. But how was Luca to tell him the reason of his silence?

Poor Luca, what an affliction! He would have been less to be pitied,
had he been blind. A born orator, born to harangue crowds, a type of
the true public character, all for other people, no thought for
himself--and to have his lips sealed by a freak of destiny! He wrote,
he found an outlet in writing, and struck sparks from his pen, flakes
of hell fire; then raged, poor fellow, gnawed his fingers, moaned
aloud, when he heard his stuff read aloud without the right tone, the
proper emphasis, the fire that he had put into it. No one was
satisfactory, not even Celsina, the only one of Pigna's daughters who,
aflame with the new ideas, had made a religion, a regular religion of
them. Rita too, yes, a little, before her baby came.... But what was
Rita compared with Celsina?

Another thorn, another thorn this which made Nocio Pigna's heart
bleed: that he could not send to the University this daughter who had
passed out at the head of the honours list from the Technical
Institute, to the amazement of everybody there, principal, professors
and fellow students. To any imbecile whose father was a rich man, the
way lay open and smooth; to Celsina, every way was barred; Celsina was
condemned to moulder here, in this rotten town of _ignoranti_. So much
for social justice!

Meanwhile, this evening, on the eve of the election, she was to make
her first public appearance; to deliver an address at the headquarters
of the Fascio. Nocio Pigna had been running round all morning
preparing for this solemn occasion.

They were short of chairs.

If each member had brought his own chair with him, and had left it
there.... For the present, he did not even expect them to pay the
wretched weekly subscription with strict punctuality. But they might
at least have presented a chair each, great heavens, for their own
use! Nothing....

In one way and another he had managed to scrape together a score or
so. He thought of all the chairs that were in the churches; of those
that had been in his own custody at one time, at San Pietro; he
thought of the cartloads of them that were taken down every Sunday to
the semi-circle at the end of the Viale della Passeggiata, where the
military band played. Chairs in abundance, for the godly in one place,
for the worldly in the other! And in the Fascio, nothing! The fault
of the members, though, when all was said; so much the worse, then,
for them! They would have to stand.

He was making for home, when from an alley that debouched on the
Piazza he heard himself softly called by somebody who was lying in
wait for him there, muffled in a hood. "Pst, pst...."

A peasant! His heart gave a bound. He went towards the man eagerly.

"Your Exc'ency's servant. May I say a word to you?"

"What's that you say?" Nocio Pigna asked him, going nearer to him,
dismayed by the air of suspicion and mystery with which the man
approached him, speaking through his hood which left his eyes alone
barely visible. "Do you wish to speak to me?"

"Yes, Sir; the other indicated the reply more by his gesture than in

"Here I am, my son," Pigna hastened to assure him. "Come this way....
Let us go inside."

And he pointed to the door of the Fascio.

But the man shook his head and at once drew back farther into the
alley. Pigna followed him.

"Don't be frightened. There's nobody there. What do you want to say
to me?"

The man in the hood hesitated still for a little before replying;
glanced round him with sharp, suspicious eyes, then murmured, still
through his hood: "I was told a secret.... Some one who knows.... He

And he broke off again.

"Speak, my son," Pigna encouraged him. "We are alone here.... What did
they tell you?"

The sharp suspicious eyes beneath the hood revealed the painful effort
that the stranger was making to overcome his reluctance to speak.
Finally, cowering against the wall and laying his hand, still under
cover of his cloak, upon Pigna's arm, he asked in the lowest of tones:

"Is it here that they're dividing up the land?"

Nocio Pigna, half bewildered by all this mystification, stood looking
doubtfully at him for a while, his mouth gaping.

"The land?" he said. "The land, no, my son."

The other thereupon tilted his chin and shut his eyes, as a sign that
he understood. He sighed:

"I see. It seemed too good to be true! They were fooling me."

And he turned on his heel. Nocio Pigna caught hold of him.

"Why fooling you? No, my son.... Listen ..."

"Your Exc'ency must excuse me," said the other, stopping for Pigna to
make way. "It is no use. I understand. Let me go...."

"Wait, my dear fellow, you don't give me time to explain...." Pigna
made haste to add. "The land, yes, that will come too.... It is only a
matter of will! If we wish it.... It all lies in that!"

The other continued to shake his head with a dark and bitter
incredulity; then said:

"But what are we to wish for, we poor folk? What can we wish for?"

Pigna shook with anger: "Then I'm to give you the land, is that it?
First of all there must be the will for it, in you and in everyone,
without fear, you understand? There's no question of fighting, keep
that well in mind! Indeed we want to sing hymns of peace, my dear
man. The Fascio is like a church! And anyone who enters the Fascio..."

"Your Exc'ency, please let me go...."

"Wait, I wish to say one thing more to you: anyone who enters the
Fascio enters it to form part of a corporation which embraces, as you
can calculate for yourself, four-fifths of the human race, do you
understand? Four-fifths, that is all I have to say."

He waved the four fingers of one hand in front of that pair of eyes:
then went on:

"Give us union, good God, and we are everything, we can do everything!
The law will be laid down by us: they will be compelled to come to
terms with us. Who labours? Who turns the soil? Who sows? Who reaps?
Give us either everything or nothing! So much for the moment. Our
programme.... Come in, I can explain it all to you...."

"Your Ex'cency, please let me go.... It is not for me...."

"How is it not for you, you great donkey? When it is concerned
entirely with you, your life, your rights? Keep that in mind, son!
Look: the Fascio is here. You will always find me."

"Yes, Sir, I kiss your hands.... Please, will you forget I ever said a

And turning on his heel he crept furtively away, peering about him as
he went. Nocio Pigna followed him for a while with his gaze, shaking
his head.


In the house, the confusion was greater than ever. A distinct advance
was discernible, from day to day, towards the social revolution. There
were--and their presence could at once be guessed from the street--the
five students, former classmates of Celsina. There was also, but
sulking and huddled in a corner, Antonio Del Re, the grandson and
nephew of Donna Caterina Laurentano and Roberto Auriti. They were all
talking at once in loud tones. The giant, to wit Emanuele Garofalo,
and little Micciche who trembled in every limb and sprang about the
room like a jack-in-the-box, and the thickset, violent Bacalmutese,
Bernardo Baddusa, were shouting (but what, it was hard to make out)
round his daughter Mita, the eldest of the six who were still at home,
the one who worked all day long and often at night as well with
Annicchia, who was the third. Bound the latter were screaming her
sisters Tina and Lilla with Toto Licalsi and Bocco Ventura; Bita was
trying to soothe the baby, which was wailing in terror; Celsina, in a
towering passion, was quarrelling with Antonio Del Re; and, as though
all this habel were nothing, 'Nzulu, the old black poodle, whiskered
and half blind, crouching upon a chair with his head in the air, was
giving vent to long and modulated howls of protest.

Luca Lizio, in a corner by himself, was holding his head in both
hands, as though afraid that their screams might carry it off

"My dear people, what is the matter? Where are we?" Nocio Pigna
shouted, as he entered the room.

They all turned, ran towards him and, in their excitement, began to
answer him in chorus. Nocio Pigna stopped his ears.

"Gently! You're deafening me! One at a time!"

"Mita and Annicchia, as usual!" shrilled Tina.

"Putting on airs!" Lilla added.

And Emanuele Garofalo, the giant, waving his arms above his head, in a
voice of thunder:

"Downstairs, everybody! Downstairs!"

"Exercise your paternal authority!" put in Mondino Micciche, twirling
his stick in the air.

"I haven't the faintest idea what you're talking about! Hold your
tongues!" shouted Nocio Pigna.

They all stopped speaking; but immediately, in the silence that
followed, rang out a "Silly idiot!" hurled by Celsina at Antonio Del
Be in such a tone of concentrated fury that the rest broke into peals
of laughter.

Celsina stepped forward, balanced nimbly on her pert hips, her bosom
swelling, her swarthy face aflame and her eyes flashing. Amid all that
laughter, her expression of the haughtiest irritation threatened for
an instant to break down, her burning lips curved in an involuntary
smile, but at once she recovered herself and shouted imperiously and
with scorn:

"Come along! Come along! Anyone who wants to listen, can! If he does
not want to listen... I don't care two straws!"

"And now," groaned Noeio Pigna, bending his fingers and bringing the
tips together, "may I be allowed to know what the devil has been
happening?" And at once added, opening his eyes wide: "But let one of
you speak!"

Rocco Ventura spoke, short and plump, with a bullet nose above a pair
of straggling moustaches which began at the corners of his mouth and
at once ended there, like a pair of commas:

"Nothing," he said, "we were simply proposing to go downstairs, to the
room on the ground floor, to attend the dress rehearsal of Celsina's
speech; that was all."

"And Mita and Annicchia, as usual..." added Tina, who was all

"Putting on airs!" repeated Lilla. "They don't want to come down;
then let them stay here!" said Celsina, from the threshold. "We all
know, they are the ants and I am the grasshopper. Come along, let us
go down and leave them!"

Pigna looked at his daughters Mita and Annicchia, who remained
seated, dressed hoth of them in black, with pale cheeks and sorrowful
eyes; then at Antonio Del Re, who also remained seated, a worried
expression on his face, his elbows resting on his knees, biting his

"Get along, get along," he said to the others, who were preparing to
follow Celsina down to the room below. "I am just coming.... I have a
word to say to Don Nino Del Re."

"You'll do nothing of the sort," shouted Celsina, coming back up the
wooden stair and appearing in the doorway quivering with emotion. "I
forbid you, Papa! I have spoken to Nino, and that is enough! Come

"All right! All right!" said Pigna. "What a fuss! I have another
little speech to make to him. ... Gently now, gently...."

Antonio Del Re straightened himself, sprang to his feet in a sudden
access of fury; but, at once repenting of his determination to leave
the house, remained where he was, searching only with his eyes, which
went straying round the room, for his hat.

"Oh, Holy God, how quick to take offence you are too! Don't rush
away!" exclaimed Nocio Pigna.

"No, let him go, if he wants to go," put in Celsina excitedly. "I
shall he only too pleased, as I've already told him! Or rather,

She ran to the next room, which was her bedroom; took from one of the
drawers an old doll, the last survivor of her dolls in days gone by,
which had turned up again by chance a few days earlier, and to which
that beast Emanuele Garofalo, never realizing the distress it would
cause her, had taken pen and ink and secretly added a pair of
serjeant-major's moustaches; came back and laid it on Antonio Del Re's
bosom; and lifted up his arm, so as to clasp it tightly, saying:

"There; that is for you! Something you can love!"

And she ran out of the room and downstairs.

Antonio Del Re flung the doll into the big work-basket, which stood
between Mita and Annicchia. Nocio Pigna stood for a while staring at
it with knitted brows; bent down to examine it more closely; asked:

"What are they, moustaches?"

Nino's only answer was to pick up the doll again and stick it into his
pocket head downwards. Its little legs, one in shoe and stocking, the
other bare, remained protruding.

"You're sending the blood to her head!" was Nocio Pigna's comment.
"Calm yourself, Don Nini, calm yourself! Let us discuss matters.
Really, it would be better if you went away. Your position, at the
present time, with your uncle in Girgenti, standing.... We people here
have work to do. It is beginning now; there is little that we can do;
but we ought at least to raise one voice in protest. Now I can enter
into your feelings as a nephew, and I understand them. You are still a
boy, brought up in your family: I know what your thoughts are; certain
things cannot be agreeable to you. You ought however to enter a little
into my feelings as a father also, to understand my responsibility, do
you follow me? And also... Don Nini, I am a man who is exposed to
criticism, as you know; a poor man stoned with calumnies from all
sides: I laugh at them; but as for you and your family, and also out
of respect for your... what would Don Landino Lauren-tano be to you
again? Uncle? Cousin? Uncle, isn't he? Of course, yes... your mother's
first cousin--also out of respect for him, as I was saying, I would
not have anyone suspect.... Am I not right, Mitina?"

Mita barely raised her eyes from her work and, lowering them again at
once, went on sewing. Antonio Del Re had gone across to the balcony
window and was gazing out over the deserted Piano di Gamez, still
biting his nails.

"Listen," Pigna went on. "This is gospel truth: has not your
grandmother done a great injury to herself, to all her family and to
you personally ..."

At this Del Re sprang round and came towards him, brandishing his
clenched fists, and shouting:

"That will do! Stop!"

Nocio Pigna gazed at him for a minute, speechless, then said:

"But do you know that the whole lot of you seem to be mad here to-day?
I was going to add that the greatest injury of all, she did to the
town, by letting all the property that was hers by rights pass into
the hands of that brother of hers who ... But oh, Don Nini, let us
cool our passions and speak plainly! On which side are you? We get no
farther, going on like this! I am not trying to force you. But it is
time to make up your mind, my dear fellow: either you stand here with
us, I mean with the Party, openly; or you remain with your own people.
If you don't know, yourself even..."

"But she, of all people? She?" Antonio Del Re broke out, almost crying
with rage, coming towards him again and clawing the air (he alluded to
Celsina). "Why she? Wasn't there yourself? Weren't there all those
idiots, Raddusa or Garofalo?"

"What about her?" Pigna was puzzled.

"The address," Antonio explained in an undertone.

"Ah, the address? And what has that got to do with it? Oh, I see....
But forgive me, Don Nino, dear! You're in a different boat! You're
going off now to Rome with your uncle, to continue your studies, in
the great city; you are going to sit down to a spread table; fees,
books, everything provided for you.... But think, great God in heaven,
think that my daughter here too.... Can't you imagine how it must
make her blood boil, my poor child, when she thinks that all her work,
all her efforts have been in vain? That all her love of study, all her
passionate ambition to succeed is to end like this? Let her blow off
steam! She ought to be setting the whole town on fire! Would you have
her muzzled as well? And by what right, may I ask? What are you doing,
what can you do for her? If I don't leave the room, I shall

And off he went, in a fury, down the wooden Stair.

Antonio Del Re had returned to the window and was gazing out. Mita and
Annicchia went on working in silence, with bent heads. In that silence
all three were conscious of the sound of their own troubled breath,
evidence of their inward grief, exasperated by the thought that they
could do nothing to prevent or remedy a state of things which was
contrary to their nature, to their affections, to their aspirations.

The most troubled of the three was Antonio Del Re. All his
grandmother's sombre bitterness had transfused itself, from his
infancy, into his blood, which it had poisoned; the almost morbid
tenderness of his mother, all shocks and terrors, caused him distress
and annoyance, a humiliating sense of constraint; the submissive
resignation of his uncle, crushed by the sad vicissitudes of life,
left behind, after running the race in his boyhood with such dauntless
ardour, who yet was determined not to appear beaten, and smiled to
shew that he still had faith in an ideal which no amount of
wrongdoing, no amount of error could, according to him, either damage
or dim, made Antonio angry. He felt, he knew that his uncle's smile
was intended to conceal an ever open sore, in a mistaken idea of what
was proper. But why, instead of concealing it, did not uncle Roberto
expose his sore, like his grandmother, like his friends, all the young
men here at Pigna's? In one respect, however, their exposure of their
sores irritated and disgusted him. The people who had worked and
fought and suffered, it was they who ought to cry aloud against all
their afflictions and hardships and demand justice and vengeance in
the name of their work and blood and sufferings; not these boys who
had done nothing, who showed no capacity for doing anything, except
chatter to pass the time, and bind everyone together in a _fascio_,
the honest with the dishonest, his uncle with the plotters and
intriguers, with all those patriots for amusement or for reward! It
was not this sense of injustice alone, however, that gave Antonio Del
Re an aversion to his comrades. Bred up in the school of a proud and
sombre grief, which scorned to seek an outlet in speech, of an
abnegation prouder still, which scorned any base envy, if he had
thrown himself into the fray, severing every ideal link with his own
people, he would neither have uttered a single word, nor have sought
companions: with lowered head, set teeth and armed fist, he would have
sprung at once into action. The others were there merely to chatter,
to amuse themselves with Pigna's daughters.

Antonio Del Re would have refused to admit that his aversion and scorn
were largely due to a fierce jealousy.

With the same bottled ardour, with which he would have hurled himself
into violent action, he had fallen desperately in love with Celsina,
from the very first day on which she, still a little girl with her
frocks ending at the knee, had made her entry into the technical
school for boys. And Celsina, albeit courted by all his schoolfellows,
had responded to his love, at first in secret, then letting the others
see what was happening, finally making an open avowal of her feelings
and defying the jeers of the disappointed. She had not however shut
herself up in his love, she had not come and clung to him as he would
have liked; she had re-mained where she was, in the thick of them all,
her heart on her sleeve, her mind divided, prodigal of words, glances,
smiles, intoxicated with her triumphs, and with her halo of glory as a
rebel against every prejudice, conscious of her own value and a thirst
to have it noticed, admired, applauded.

The clearer this aspect of her became, the more Antonio realized that
he ought not to be in love with her, not only because she did not
appeal to him when she was like this, but because, when he thought of
his mother and grandmother, he realized that one would regard her with
horror, while the other would dismiss her as a silly little flirt.
But no: Celsina was neither bad nor silly, as he knew very well;
indeed, had he listened to the secret, innermost voice of his own
conscience, a voice stifled by respect, shyness, love, instead of
condemning Celsina's open rebellion, he would have condemned the too
exclusive pride of his grandmother, the too submissive resignation of
his mother.

"Don Nini," Mita called to him in a gentle voice. "Will you come over
here a minute?"

Antonio roused himself and went to her; but when he saw her hold up
the article of clothing upon which she was at work, as though to take
a measurement, he at once drew back shocked, writhing with discomfort.

"No!... not just at present...."

"Dear Don Nini," sighed Mita. "You must have patience! It has to he
finished quickly.... You are going away.... Lucky you!"

Mita was engaged in getting ready, with her sister, the linen that he
was to take with him to Rome.

All the hest families in the town, including Antonio's grandmother and
mother, gave out work to these two poor sisters, who would often go
and work in their houses also by the day. This was done out of
consideration, or pity rather, for themselves alone; and they were
fully aware of this, and hecame every day more humble, the het-ter to
deserve it, to shew their gratitude and not to forfeit their
employment. They realized that so many things had to be overlooked by
the people who were anxious to help them, things which their father
and sisters, instead of attenuating them, did everything in their
power to bring into prominence, as though they deliberately set out to
rouse the whole town against them and to wear out people's patience
and neighbourly charity! But would not the harm recoil on these two
also? What must people be saying? We, who are outsiders, are to shew
consideration for you, are to help you, are we, while your own flesh
and blood, those whom you maintain with our assistance, are to make
war upon us? Disorders, scandals, feuds!

To find some sort of excuse for their father, Mita and Annicchia
forced themselves to believe that he had really gone out of his mind
after Rosa, the eldest sister's disgrace. Certainly, from that time
onwards their house had been hell let loose. It was not so much of
their father that Mita and Annicchia complained, with bleeding hearts,
as of their sisters. How on earth could their sisters fail to
understand that only by keeping silence, only by the humblest, most
retiring modesty could they succeed, if not in obliterating
altogether, in making less apparent the brand of infamy, with which
their house was now marked? Rita, when the baby left her a moment to
herself, and also Tina and Lilla did indeed help them with their
sewing, basting or machining, on the all too rare days when work was
plentiful; but they worked without zest, absent-mindedly, the two last
especially, since they were not resigned, after the tragedy, to the
abandonment of all hope and all desire. When they saw these two
sisters dress up and adorn themselves every morning, they felt their
hearts wrung, realizing that they were not dressing up, were not
adorning themselves with any hope or desire that was honourable: they,
themselves must know, alas, that no man whose in--\ tentions were
honourable would care to be seen with them now. And from day to day
they waited for Tina and Lilla, with all those young fellows always
dangling round them, to end like Rita. But if they could only find a
good young man, like Luca! Rita might have fared worse.... Because,
when all was said, they were obliged to admit that Luca was good. Only
they could not forgive his obstinacy in not legalizing his union with
Rita before the law and the altar. He was so good to everyone, and was
so fond of the baby and was no trouble at all in the house. Certainly,
if he had not made so many enemies with those ideas of his, and had
not been so unfortunate, he might have been of great assistance to the
family, since, as far as work went, he worked all day long, and must
indeed be learned to judge by the number of books he had read and
still went on reading.

A little of this respect claimed by his intellect and erudition Mita
and Annicchia extended also to Celsina, whose accomplishments dazzled
everyone. They dared not criticize Celsina, because really she
appeared to them by so many standards to be above the ordinary run,
and they agreed with their father that in another place, in other
conditions, she would have been sure of a triumphant success! They saw
her full of contempt for men--and this was in one respect reassuring.
As for men, she had gone and challenged them in their own schools and
had beaten every one of them! As a matter of fact, they had not seen
their way to approve of that challenge: with greater profit, albeit
with less satisfaction to herself, she might have attended the girls'
classes and become a teacher. As it was, she was left without a
profession. But they were not afraid for the future: some outlet
Celsina was certain to find for her talents, in the town or elsewhere.
That poor Don Nini, meanwhile, who was in love with her, and was
jealous.... So good, poor fellow! But she was not for him, Celsina. If
his family should come to hear of it! They were counting the minutes
until he should leave for Rome.

Annicchia laid her hand gently upon Mita's arm to draw her attention
to the two legs of the doll, which were protruding from his pocket as
he still stood at the balcony window. Mita responded with a wistful
smile to her sister's smile; then, remembering a request which she had
made up her mind the night before to put to the young man, she rose to
her feet, laying down her work in the basket, and went timidly over to

"Don Nini," she murmured, "before you go to Rome, you must for the
last time do me that great favour, and..."

"No, for heaven's sake, no, Mita, don't speak to me of it!" Antonio
Del Re violently interrupted her, pressing his hands to his forehead
and screwing up his eyes.

"You are ashamed, isn't that it?" said Mita sorrowfully, lowering her

"No, it's not that! It's not that!" Antonio hastened to assure her.
"But now, just at the moment ... I can't hear to listen to anything,
Mita!" It was a terrible thing that the poor girl wanted of him, a
terrible memory recurred to him as he spoke. He looked at her, afraid
lest the horror that evidently underlay his refusal might have aroused
some suspicion in her. But he saw her fine eyes more sorrowful and
humble than ever, eyes which all the tears that they had shed had
veiled and dimmed for ever.

Almost every night, indeed, she wept with her whole heart for Rosa,
her ruined sister, her fallen sister, who had sunk into the lowest
depths of infamy. More than once, not being able herself to go and
visit her in the house of shame in which she was at present confined,
she had asked Antonio to go there instead of her. And Antonio, the
last time that he had gone there, finding her half tipsy... horrible!

A din of shouting, applause, mingled with the wailing of the baby and
the barking of the dog, came up at this stage from the room below; and
presently 'Nzulu, the old poodle, kicked out of the other room,
trembling all over, crouching on his hind legs as though he were
trying to sweep the floor with the tuft of his agitated tail, came in
and laid his whiskered muzzle on the knees of Mita, who had returned
to her seat.

The two sisters, when they saw the poor creature come to them
imploring their protection and shelter, began to cry. Whereupon
Antonio Del Re, unable to contain himself any longer, crushed his hat
down on his head, opened the balcony window and, bestriding the iron
railing, while Mita and Annicchia cried in terror: "Oh, gracious, Don
Nini... what are you doing? What are you doing?" lowered himself,
holding on at first to two of the upright bars of the railing, then
let himself drop on to the piazza beneath.

They could hear the thud, and then the sound of something breaking.
Mita ran to the window and saw him down below, stooping, groping with
outstretched hands, like a blind man, for his hat which had fallen at
his feet.

"Don Nini, you haven't hurt yourself, I hope?"

"It's all right..." he answered from below. "My glasses... I've lost
my glasses."

And, snatching up his hat, he made off.

"He's gone mad!" said Mita. "Can it be possible?"

And she pointed with her hand to the room below, in which Celsina was
holding forth.

As he dashed along the Via di Gamez, Antonio Del Re, who without his
glasses could not see an inch before his nose, ran into somebody at
the corner of the Via Atenea.

"Hallo, Nino!"

He recognized the voice as Corrado Selmi's.

"Let me pass!" he shouted at him, freeing himself with an angry


Corrado Selmi had left Veronica at the hotel in the company of his
other second, and was now on his way back to Roberto Auriti's house,
where he was staying.

For the last four days, whenever he shewed his face in the street, he
had seen every eye turned upon him, had noticed that a number of
curious spectators would even stop to gaze at him open-mouthed; that
others emerged from the shops and planted themselves on the doorsteps,
looking over one another's shoulder.

All this curiosity obliged him to assume--what was most unusual with
him--a certain air of stiffness. At the same time, he could not help
laughing. And he did not know where to look, so that his naturally
merry eyes, the frank and open expression of a face that was always
smiling might not earn him an unmerited reputation for petulance.

He was indeed and felt himself to be still quite young, in body and in
spirit, notwithstanding his age, the changes of fortune and fierce
struggles he had borne. He still had not a single white hair, nor had
the golden brightness of his moustaches and hair began to fade. He
dressed with a gentlemanly and entirely natural elegance, and
exhibited in his whole person, in every gesture, every glance, a
freshness and youth that were irresistible. For this persistent
youthfulness Corrado Selmi of Rosabia was indebted to his keen,
constant and intense love of life, and, at the same time, to his
having always refused to attach the slightest value to it. He had
never consented to burden himself with any excess of memories or of
studies or of scruples or of clinging aspirations, unlike so many men
who find that inevitably--under such a burden--their knees begin to
bend and their shoulders to arch.

A light traveller, such was his usual definition of himself. And he
had always embarked like this--light and free--upon long, adventurous
and difficult journeys. Nothing to lose, and so, forward march!

On the failure of the insurrection of the 4th of April, having escaped
by a miracle from the Convent of La Gancia, he had at first carried on
a guerrilla warfare with the squadrons round Palermo; he had then
served in the 1860 campaign with Garibaldi until Volturno--but in what
fashion? Without ammunition and with an old blunderbuss that would not
fire, procured from Malta for six ducats.

In the Chamber, among all his fellow-members whose brows were pregnant
with great thoughts and their portfolios bulging with reports and
notes and memoranda, he had served upon the most difficult Committees.
Yes, but without either a pencil or a notebook. Life, to him, spelt
action. And he had always managed to find something to do, of some
sort or other; though without making the slightest effort in any
direction. And in everything he had secured an easy and spontaneous
success, never drawing back, seeking out rather and braving the
gravest perils, the most difficult undertakings, the most intricate

He did not believe, he would not admit that difficulties could exist
for a man like himself, always ready for anything. He did not go out
to meet life; he faced it, and passed on. Passed on, disarming
everyone with his convinced, gay, tranquil confidence: stripping every
abstract principle, every rhetorical display from the rigid morality
of the Catos, every scruple of modesty from the women's virtue.

Was he to halt, for a moment even, in his race through life, to
criticize his own conduct and decide whether he had done well or ill?
Of course not! He must not waste time upon criticism, any more than he
must attach importance to his own actions. Wrong to-day, right
to-morrow. Useless to recall his attention to consider the wrong he
had done; he would shrug his shoulders, smile, and go on his way. He
was bound to go ahead, at all costs, in any way, without hesitating,
letting himself be purified by his incessant activity and by his love
of life, and remaining always cheerful and open, lavish with his
favours to everyone, holding everyone in the hollow of his hand.

Life was for him, in short, a succession of baited hooks, which drew
him this way and that. To arrest him at one of these, to suspend him
from it in order to criticize him, would have been a cruel injustice.

Now Corrado Selmi was afraid that such an injustice threatened him at
this moment: in other words, that people hoped to hook him by the many
debts which he had been forced to contract, by the many bills with his
signature that were held by one of the leading banks, the shaky
condition of which was already being exposed. Perhaps at the opening
of the new Session of Parliament the scandal would come out. He could
imagine the spectacle that would be offered by all the jealous,
bristling guardians of respectability, whom the fear of committing an
action that was not quite correct had always prevented from doing
anything at all, apart from their insipid rhetorical chatter; feeble,
peering egoists, diligent cultivators of the arid garden-plot of their
own moral sense, ringed round by a dense hedge of scruples, though
there was nothing for it to guard, since the garden in question had
never yielded anything but blighted fruit or useless formal flowers!

Debts! Bills! Why, certainly! But he had always been signing bills,
all his life! When he was eighteen, at Palermo, in the early part of
1860, the Revolutionary Committee were at their wits' end: they had
hopes of Garibaldi, they had hopes of Vittorio Emanuele and Piedmont,
they had hopes of Mazzini; but funds were lacking and arms and
munitions. Well, he had suggested that they should take six thousand
ducats from the safe of the Bank of Sicily on the signature of the
wealthiest gentlemen among them. And he had been the first to sign,
though he had not a carlino in his pocket, for two hundred ducats. The
Provisional Government would pay in due course. How was the Fourth of
April made possible? In this way alone!

And how had he contrived, single-handed, the reclamation of the marsh
lands which formed a great part of his constituency? Why, by signing
one bill after another! After which the constituency had been rid of
malaria, and the debts--as everyone knew--had remained on his hands,
because the cultivation of the reclaimed land, which he had entrusted
to certain inexperienced relatives of his own, had proved a failure,
and at present the fruits of his labour were being enjoyed for the
most part by other people who gave him only the rinds, as and when
they chose, but continued to do him the honour of returning him to

It was quite true: apart from the sums borrowed from the Banks for
this undertaking and for others equally advantageous to many,
disastrous only to himself; other sums and no small ones he had taken
for his own support. Live he must; he neither could nor would live a
life of poverty. As a boy he had gone straight from school to take
part in the Revolution. For eleven years, until Rome was taken, he had
not allowed himself a moment's rest. When the armistice came, left
without a profession and with no return for the expenditure of his
best years in the service of others, what was he to do? Hang himself?
Fortune had not chosen to smile upon him in business; it had granted
him other favours, but these had cost him dear, and one--the greatest
and worst of them--not in pocket alone.

Corrado Selmi forbade himself any regret for what was past. And yet,
now and again, regret for his love affair with Donna Giannetta D'Atri
Montalto would assail him with a sudden tightening of the heart. But
stronger than any sorrow for the love he had lost was his rage at the
blind abandonment of himself in the hands of that woman who for two
years had made him the talk of Rome, leading him on to do things that
were really mad. It seemed that she had taken a vow to compromise
herself and him in every possible way, gripped by a passion for
scandal. More for her sake than for his own he had tried at first to
restrain her, but had soon lost all restraint himself in the fear that
his scruples might give offence, his prudence appear to her as

His heaviest debts had been contracted at this period, albeit they did
not figure under his own name, out of consideration for the woman who
made him contract them. Roberto Auriti had stepped in, with brotherly
abnegation, to raise the money for him from the Bank, after a private
arrangement however with the Governor of that institution.

The threatened exposure of the irregularities in this Bank was
therefore less alarming to Corrado Selmi on his own account than on
Roberto Auriti's. But his alarm was to some extent modified by his
certainty that the Government had many excellent reasons for
preventing any public scandal. He well knew that such a scandal would
result in the failure not of one Bank only but of the national
confidence. The Government's support of his own re-election, in spite
of Francesco D'Atri's being in office, and their support of Roberto
Auriti's candidature, confirmed him in this certainty. Before leaving
Rome, he had promised Roberto that he would come down to Girgenti to
help him in his campaign; summoned there in haste by Veronica's
telegram, he had come at once, and had at once realized the extremely
difficult position in which Roberto found himself placed by his
opponents, a position aggravated now, still further, by this duel. He
would have done anything in the world to liberate Roberto from all the
trials by which he saw him oppressed, to draw him up where he might
breathe a different air, to raise him to the position which he knew
him to deserve by the qualities of his mind and heart, by all that he
had done in his youth; but as soon as he had set foot in his friend's
house, at Girgenti, and had met his mother and sister, he had felt his
strength fail; in a flash he had seen the reason why Auriti's life had
been a failure.

It had seemed like a prison to him, that house! Was it possible that
two human beings could have adapted themselves to drag out their
existence in that melancholy gloom of bitter and contemptuous boredom?
Could have formed so grim, so horrid a conception of life?

He had been unable to resist the temptation to broach this topic with
Roberto's mother, in the hope of rousing her from her lethargy.

"But if life is a mere feather, Donna Caterina! A breath, and away it
goes.... Would you attach any weight to a feather?"

"Would I, dear Selmi?" had been Donna Caterina's answer. "It is not my
doing.... To you, life is a feather, and flies away; for me, it has
turned to lead, my dear Sir...."

"But that is just where you make a mistake!" he had promptly retorted,
"turning a feather into lead! Surely, since we have to live, does it
not seem to you essential to keep our spirit in a state of... shall I
say, continual fusion? Why arrest this fusion and make the spirit
coagulate, fix it, stiffen it in this gloomy mould of lead?"

Donna Caterina had nodded her head, her lips curved in a bitter smile.

"Fusion... yes! But to keep the spirit, as you say, in this state of
fusion, we must have fire, my friend! And when, inside you, the
furnace is dead?"

"We must not allow it to die, perbacco!"

"My dear Sir, when the wind is too strong, when death comes, and
breathes upon us... when you look round you and cannot find so much
as a handful of twigs to feed the flame..."

"But where do you look for them? Here? Always mewed up inside these
four walls as in a prison?... But Signora Anna, surely... is it
possible that Signora Anna... I mean to say. ..."

He had stopped short, in a sudden embarrassment, observing that
Roberto's sister, finding herself drawn into the conversation when she
least expected it, had turned crimson.

Ever since he first set eyes on her, Corrado Selmi had remained lost
in admiration of her pure and delicate beauty and had suffered
instinctively at the sight of that beauty so mortified by her
persistent widow's weeds, and not so much neglected as despised.

This sudden blush made him afraid lest he had gone a little too far;
but at once, overcoming his momentary embarrassment, he had gone on:

"Haven't you a son? And you are obliged, therefore, to live for him,
to cherish life for his sake... aren't you? I mean to say... perhaps I
am a little too emphatic in shewing you what is in my mind, when I see
all this atmosphere of gloom here, which does not appear to me
reasonable. What do you say about it, Signora Anna?"

She had flushed again, had made a painful effort not to lower her
eyes, and with a dazed expression and a nervous smile on her lips,
shrugging her shoulders slightly, had replied, alluding to her son:

"He is young, still.... He can plan his life for himself...."

"But you, then... are you old?"

This almost spontaneous question had brought their first conversation
to an end.

Now Corrado Selmi was returning to Roberto's house, exhilarated by all
that he had seen at the villa of Colimbetra. All those great dolls in
Bourbon uniform who had presented arms to him! Sheer lunacy! But what
a splendid place, that villa! The Prince--no, he had not shewn his
face. Such a pity! He would so much have liked to meet him.... There
was a man, now, who had taken root, in his affections, in a past
epoch... and yet he went on living, outside time, outside life ... in
a most curious fashion (how charming!), projecting from his own period
certain images of life, which inevitably, in the reality of to-day,
must appear unsubstantial, masks, toys, all those dressed-up dolls
there... how charming!

"And yet those dolls out there, dear Selmi, which made you laugh,"
Donna Caterina told him, "to-morrow, at the election here, will defeat
you, your friend Roberto, the Prefect, your Government and
everybody.... Go on laughing, if you can. Shadows? Why, it is we that
are the shadows!"

"I am not, if you don't mind, Donna Caterina," said Selmi, laughing
and patting his chest. "Spare me this one illusion at least. Why, the
Prince, when I went to find him, melted away before me like a
shadow.... I would have given anything to see him come out to meet me,
if only to be quits.... Roberto knows all about that ... to be quits
for a certain meeting with his son in Rome, when it fell to my lot to
play the shadow. Bah! Patience.... Why yes, you are quite right,
Donna Caterina; we all persist in being mere shadows, here in
Sicily.... Inept or discouraged or servile.... But when the sun puts
the very words to sleep on our lips! I'm not just saying this for the
sake of talking, you know: I have studied the question carefully, I
assure you. Sicily entered the great Italian family with a public debt
of barely eighty-five millions of capital and a small balance of about
twenty-two millions. She brought in as well all the wealth of her
church and crown property, the accumulation of centuries. On the other
hand, badly off for public works, with no roads, no harbours, no
irrigation, of any sort. ... How was the sale of crown property and
the letting of church property carried out? It ought to have been done
with an eye to social advantage, to the relief of the agricultural
classes. To be sure! It was done with an eye to financial profit. And
we have been obliged to buy back our church and crown lands and free
the rest of our real estate with the colossal sum of something like
seven hundred millions, at the expense, naturally, of the improvement
of our other lands. And that famous fourth share of all church
property allotted to us by the Law of July 7, 1866? What a mockery! j
Why, to begin with, the value of that property was I calculated upon
the deliberate understatements f made by the Sicilian clergy when
assessed for the mortmain tax; and from this nominal value, remember,
were deducted all the percentages due to the State and the various
charges and cost of administration. And then, if you please, all these
deductions were based upon actual values, with the further subtraction
of the pensions due to the members of suppressed communities. So that,
up to the present, nothing, practically nothing has filtered through
to our Communes. Now, after all the sacrifices we have made and
accepted out of patriotism, has not our Island the right to share
equally with the other regions of Italy in all the benefits, the
improvements of every sort, which those other regions have already
secured? But if it has never proved possible, in spite of all my
efforts, to collect all the Sicilian Deputies together in an effective
group?... Oh, don't let us speak of it, Donna Caterina! I should only
lose my temper.... I do all I can. Then I shrug my shoulders and say:
'It means that we are getting what we deserve....'"

He turned to Roberto, to change the conversation, and went on:

"I say, I saw your opponent's wife yesterday, in the street. My dear
fellow, you're simply bound to lose.... Oh, what a lovely little lady!
Forgive me, ladies, for speaking like this; but I really should not
have the heart to win, not even in the sacred name of the Country and
of Freedom, if it brought tears to those charming eyes!"



NICOLETTA CAPOLINO entered her husband's study dressed to go out,
with a curious, broad-brimmed, plumed felt hat on her beautiful raven
hair. Full-blooded, lively and eminently alluring, with burning eyes
and lips, she exhaled from all her secretly, artfully tended person a
voluptuous, intoxicating perfume.

It was a dramatic moment, an interlude in the comedy which husband and
wife had been playing day after day for the last two years, even
within the privacy of their own four walls, each for the other's
benefit, mutually enjoying their own subtlety and daring.

They knew very well, however, both of them knew that they would never
succeed in deceiving one another; nor did they attempt to do so. That
they were acting from pure love of the art could not be said, seeing
that they both secretly loathed the necessity for their make-believes.
But if they wished to live together, without causing scandal to other
people, without too much disgust at themselves, they realized that
they could not do otherwise. And so there they were, eager to dress
up, or rather to mask with a polite and pretty falsehood their mutual
loathing; to treat the falsehood as a painful and costly work of
charity. It took the form, in fact, of a duty, a competition in
exquisite courtesies, by means of which husband and wife had in course
of time acquired not only an affectionate regard for each other's
merits, but actually a sincere mutual gratitude. And they were very
nearly in love with one another.

"Gnazio, I can't bear to leave you like this!" she said as she entered
the room, as though vexed at a supposed deception, which pained and
alarmed her. "Swear to me that you're not going to fight this

"Oh Lord, Lelle, haven't I told you that I'm going to Siculiana!"
Capolino replied, raising his hands and letting them rest gently on
her arms. "I was to have gone there yesterday, as you know. Don't be
alarmed, dear. The duel has been put off until after the election."

"Am I to believe that, really?" she insisted, as she attempted to
button her other glove with her already gloved hand.

Capolino would have liked to answer her importunity with a snort of
anger; as it was, he smiled; sprang towards her; took her hand, to
button her glove for her, and lingered over the task like a lover.

"I can't tell you what a bore it is having to go to Valsania!" was her
next remark, almost murmured in his ear, in faint accents.

"But you must go!" he exclaimed, looking her in the face, as though to
warn her that this note of tenderness--charming and delightful as it
was--was, to say the least, out of place at the moment.

"I swear to you!" she replied, obstinate, but smiling back at him.

Capolino laughed aloud:

"Go! Go! Go! You will enjoy yourself no end! Think of seeing that old
walrus Adelaide meet her bridegroom.... It will be a sight for the
gods! You aren't serious, Lelle?"

"If my mind were at rest..." Nicoletta repeated. "Last night you
stayed in here for ever so long.... I never heard you come to bed.

"But all this correspondence about the election, don't you see?" he
said, pointing to the writing table. "Uncle Salesio, surely to
goodness, might come and help me with this at least....

"Oh, yes, Uncle Salesio!" she exclaimed. "If they were jam tarts..."

"That will do," said Capolino. "Don't waste any more time, off with
you.... Or are you waiting for the carriage?"

Nicoletta raised her eyes with the air of one resigning herself to
accept a statement though not convinced of its truth, and sighed:

"If you really are going to Siculiana, couldn't you, on your way home
this afternoon, look in at Valsania?"

"Why of course, if I can!" he replied. "But when I'm with friends... I
shan't be coming back alone.... If I can... I mean to say, if I can
manage to leave them..."

He put out his lips to kiss her. She drew back her head,
instinctively, afraid of his disarranging her hair.

"Why?" she said.

"Because I like you like that.... Aren't you going to give me a kiss?"

"Gently, though...."

They were interrupted by the old maidservant, who came in to announce
that Salvo's carriage was at the door. Nicoletta turned at once from
her husband.

"All right, I'm coming," she said to the servant; then giving her hand
to her husband: "So long, then."

"Have a good time," Capolino told her.

This carriage, in a dead-alive town like Girgenti, was really too
much of a good thing; a senseless display of wealth and luxury for
which only a man like Salvo could be forgiven. From the suburb of
Babato, in which Capolino lived, to the Viale della Passeggiata, where
Salvo, a few years earlier, had built himself a charming villa, one
could go on foot in half an hour.

Nicoletta had not the least doubt that her husband was going to fight
that morning. But she must not be supposed to know it, if she was to
be free to enjoy herself. How many other things there were that she
must not be supposed to know, in order that she might he what she was,
gay and in love with life! She succeeded, often, by force of will, not
indeed in not knowing them, which would have been impossible, but in
behaving just as though she did not know them. Surreptitiously, when
her gorge rose at them, a deep sigh, and there!--she would raise her
spirit above all the miseries that had always oppressed her, almost
from the cradle.

She must not know, for instance, that her mother had caused the
death--if not by poison, as some slanderous tongue in the town had
suggested, certainly of a broken heart--of her father, in order to
unite herself in a second marriage with the man whom her daughter
called Uncle Salesio, a former clerk in the Spoto Bank.

She had been scarcely five years old when her father died, and yet she
remembered him quite well; so much so that her mother had never been
able to persuade her to address as "daddy" this second husband much
younger than this wife.

He was not a bad man, Uncle Salesio, no; but fatuous, fatuity and
vanity incarnate. As soon as he became the husband of Baldassare
Spoto's widow, he had seriously believed that this marriage conferred
upon him a sort of title of nobility; and the strangest fumes had
mounted to his brain; indeed, you might say that his whole soul turned
to smoke. Soon however the fuel for that smoke had begun to fail. Wild
extravagance. ... And if only it had brought him any pleasure! What a
Chinese torture must they have been to him, all the time, those patent
leather shoes, which obliged him to hop along on tiptoe, like a bird!
Evil tongues averred that beneath his waistcoat he wore stays, like a
woman. Stays, no; a woollen band he did wear, wound tightly and
several times about his waist, as a protection to his back, which
required support. He was not so old as all that: just a year or two
older than Capo-lino; but senile decay, despite all his precautions
and his most loving and assiduous attentions to his person, had begun
early in him. He now looked like an automatic figure: everything
adjusted, everything pieced together, everything a sham: his teeth,
the pink of his cheeks, the black of his waxed moustaches and his
little tuft of a beard and his exiguous eyebrows and few remaining
hairs; and he walked and moved as though upon springs, with a youthful
gait. His eyes, however, among all these chemical applications, almost
hidden behind their swollen, lymphatic lids, were eloquent of an
infinite distress. For trouble had come upon him after his wife's
death. Nicoletta, who might have washed her hands of him, had shewn
compassion; she had, however, taken over the management of what little
remained to them; she had insisted, moreover, upon keeping up
appearances, and Uncle Salesio (now almost mummified) had continued to
parade the streets like a little lord, a prodigy of smartness, always
in silk stockings and patent leather shoes, walking on tiptoe; but at
home, ah, at home the most rigid economy. So much so that, one day,
Nicoletta had been seen to arrive with a parcel containing a couple of
sham roast fowls, of pasteboard, under her arm. Yes, indeed: two roast
fowls of pasteboard to be displayed on the meagre table beneath the
flyguards of netted wire. Every day the poor old man set them before
him on the table, to deceive himself: he could not do without them!
And those two pasteboard fowls and a crust of stale bread (genuine
enough, but hard upon his teeth which were not) now formed the whole
of his daily meal for weeks on end! Because Capolino had not chosen to
take him into his own home, and Uncle Salesio Marullo, left alone in
the gloomy old house which Nicoletta had made over to him with what
little she had managed to save from the wreck, as often as not, being
incapable of limiting his expenditure, when it was a case of buying a
fine necktie or a fine cane, had to fast--unless, that is to say, he
were to call at Flaminio Salvo's, towards the luncheon hour, knowing
that his step-daughter would be there. And Nicoletta, who in her
shame and rage would gladly have torn his heard off or his eyes out,
had to welcome him with a smile.

She felt that she might have been a good woman, at heart, and that she
really had shewn herself to be good at certain moments in her life;
but that a perfidious fate had refused to allow her to be good. Wicked
she was compelled to be! Everything, every atom of her was false,
inside and outside and round about her. And a secret, continual
struggle to overcome the stifling sense of disgust, not to feel the
chafing of her mask, albeit by now it had grown to her face like a
second skin. But she had over her brow a lock of upturned, unruly
hair, and she feared at certain moments that her soul might similarly
rise up one day in her bosom, in a sudden dash for freedom after all
these years of suffocation.

And now, her husband was going to fight a duel? And she herself at a

So as not to see, not to be seen by too many people, she told the
coachman not to go by the Via Atenea but to take the Santa Lucia road,
which ran outside and below the town. She had long ceased to care what
people might think when they saw her in Salvo's carriage. It was
common knowledge now. Besides, even in this, appearances were to a
certain extent saved by Capolino's former connexion with the Salvo
family and by her own position with Don Flaminio's daughter.

Audacity had defied malice and, if it had not entirely conquered it,
had obliged it to hold its tongue and to bow down in public places;
leaving it to gossip only in private, and even then with a certain
philosophical indulgence. For philosophy has this to be said for it:
that in the end it always finds a justification for any form of


Villa Salvo was situated high up, on an airy perch, and commanded the
road carved in the hillside from the south. You went up to it by
flights of broad steps, which conquered the steep ascent by a series
of easy zigzags. At each turn, on the pillars, were four statues of a
barbaric ugliness, which certainly did not offer a friendly greeting
to visitors, nor appear to be congratulating them on having surmounted
another stage in their climb. They were rewarded, however, on reaching
the top by an enchanting view over the whole countryside undulating
beneath them, with the sea in the distance.

Before mounting to the upper floor of the villa, Nicoletta made
straight for Salvo's study on the ground floor; but stopped short on
the threshold when she saw that he was not alone.

"Come in, come in," said Flaminio Salvo, bowing, from where he stood
in front of the writing table at which a young man was seated, writing
busily: Aurelio Costa. "Forgive me, if..." Nicoletta began, looking
at Costa, who rose from his chair.

"Nothing of the sort!" Salvo cut her short, stroking his moustaches
with a cold smile, to which the slow gaze of his eyes from behind
their heavy lids gave a faint suggestion of irony. "Come in... I was
just having a chat with my engineer."

Then, observing the young man's embarrassment in the lady's presence,
he added:

"What! Don't you know one another?"

"By name, of course," Nicoletta replied in a tone of indifference. "I
don't think we have ever been properly introduced...."

"Oh, in that case," Salvo went on, "let us observe the formalities:
Ingegnere Aurelio Costa, Signora Lelle Capolino-Spoto."

Aurelio Costa, without raising his eyes, or moving from the writing
table, made a slight bow. He was well dressed, with no trace of
affectation, composed and dignified in his manly beauty, which the
unfamiliar setting of a new suit of town clothes made a trifle rough,
perhaps, by contrast.

"Is Adelaide ready?" Nicoletta asked Salvo, after examining the young
man and acknowledging his protracted bow with a faint smile.

"Just one moment," Salvo replied. "Sit down, Donna Lelle, sit down. I
shall run up and see. I think Adelaide must be ready."

And he went to the door. "But it will be better if I go up too!"
Nicoletta called after him.

"No, why?" said Salvo, turning round on the threshold. "Adelaide will
be down directly."

He left the room.

Nicoletta refused to sit down; she wandered restlessly about the large
room, furnished with a sober luxury.

Aurelio, who was still on his feet, did not know whether he ought to
sit down again or not; he was afraid of committing a breach of good
manners; but at the same time he was annoyed by the thought that,
through a caprice on her part, he was obliged to stand there like a
servant in attendance. And really she did seem to be mistress of the
house: but on what terms? And he had dreamed for years of making her
his, this woman! He himself, in that house, was in Salvo's service
too, like her, like Capolino, like everyone; but if she had been his
wife, Salvo would certainly not have dared to imagine that he could
make use of her for his senile pleasures. As it was, she found herself
now placed between two old men, with her blooming, voluptuous beauty
contaminated. Did she relish her position? Was she making a display
for his benefit of that brazen supremacy? Did she enjoy all this
luxury, all the honours that were paid to her for the loss of her own
honour? To be sure! In a few days her husband would be in Parliament
too.... And she, the wife of a Deputy! With him, on the other hand,
what would she have been, supposing her to have succeeded in
overcoming her horror--yes, horror!--at the thought of uniting herself
with a man of such humble birth? Honour, youth, a pure and sacred
love? But the waving plumes and the veil of her broad-brimmed hat
meant more to her! Weary and ashamed, he sat down.

"Oh, of course, do, please," Nicoletta exclaimed, turning round to
look at him. "Do forgive me for not telling you.... My thoughts were
wandering. ..."

She came towards him; took her stand in front of the writing table,
with a sudden, decided, provoking movement of her person.

"You will be staying here now, Ingegnere?" "Perhaps.... I don't
know...." he answered, gazing firmly at her in his turn. "At present
we are busy planning a scheme.... If it comes to anything..." "You
will remain here?" "A manager will be required...."

Nicoletta stood looking at him for a little, without any definite
thought in her mind; then, gently lifting her hair from her brow with
one hand: "You studied in Paris, didn't you?"

"Yes," he replied, curtly, breathing in the intoxicating perfume which
she exhaled from her irresistible person.

"Paris!" exclaimed Nicoletta Capolino, raising her chin and half
shutting her eyes. "I was there once, on my honeymoon....What a whirl
it is! A whirl of splendour.... Tell me though, couldn't you go back
to government service now, if you wished?"

Aurelio looked at her, puzzled by this sudden digression. He knitted
his brows; and replied:

"I don't know. I don't think so. But I should not dream of trying. I
should go back on my own account to Sardinia. I am here only to oblige
Signor Salvo. I should lose nothing by leaving."

"Oh, I know," she said quickly. "With your talents.... That is exactly
what I meant! And Signor Salvo certainly won't allow you to escape,
if, as you say, he has a scheme in his mind...."

She screwed up her eyes and laid her finger on her lips, remained for
a while in thought and continued, with a change of tone:

"But I remember you quite well, d'you know, when you were here before,
as a student... quite a boy... yes, I remember you perfectly now...."

Aurelio made a violent effort to resist the disturbance, the shock
that her speech, uttered with so calm an impudence, had given him.
What did this woman want of him? Why was she speaking to him like

Truly, it was difficult to guess; for Aurelio, indeed, impossible.
This sudden, unlooked-for meeting with him; the impression she had
received of him; the thoughts that with her furtive, feminine glance
she had read on his brow when she had taken the liberty of invading
the study and afterwards during this interval of waiting; the secret
humiliation of her own position, which she herself in her heart could
not help feeling, in the presence of this young man who once upon a
time had asked her to marry him, honourably, because he loved her; the
thought that he would now be staying on here in Salvo's house, and
that Dianella was secretly in love with him, and that before long he,
by force of contact, might become aware of this; and that very soon,
therefore--if Dianella persisted until she had overcome her father's
opposition--she might have to suffer the indignity of witnessing his
betrothal to her employer's daughter, had thrown Nicoletta Capolino
into confusion. It would be her duty, then, to watch over the engaged
couple; and that young man there, who still showed such mortification
at her scornful refusal of his offer; that young man there would be
amply revenged upon her: he would presently become her master, he too,
as the husband of that Dianella who, she could feel, despised and
loathed her. And he was good-looking too, and strong and proud! And
still (as she had not failed to observe) still fascinated by herself,
offended and indignant as he might be... Why, too, had Flaminio Salvo,
who knew the whole story, at once hurried from the room and left her
there alone with him?

She blinked her eyes again, as though to extinguish the flame of her
secret thoughts, and went on with a curious smile:

"You may remember too, perhaps..."

Aurelio, at a loss what to say, raised his eyes and stared at her with
a hard, grim expression.

"Don't think badly of me," she next said, with a melancholy sweetness,
tilting her head sideways. "Since you are going to stay here and we
shall be seeing one another constantly, let us take this opportunity
of a frank discussion and clear away a misunderstanding which would
weigh upon us both.... People say that I am a thoughtless creature; so
I am, I don't deny it; but I cannot bear pretences or concealments of
any sort or for any reason, covert thoughts.... Are we going to be

So saying, she held out to him her pretty, fragile, Vigorous,
ring-studded hand; and, after he had taken it, left it lying in his
hand for a moment while she added:

"I'm not saying this, believe me, from coquetry, nor am I fishing for
compliments: you are still a free man; nothing lost, nothing to
regret. Are we friends?"

And, hearing the breathless approach of Donna Adelaide Salvo, amid a
rustle of silken garments, she clasped his hand again, hurriedly, with
a definite purpose, as though to give the form and appearance of a
secret treaty to their conversation.

"Off to the fair! Off to the fair!" exclaimed Donna Adelaide, running
into the room waving her arms, heated and breathless. "Look, Lelle,
look, Ingegnere, my boy, how they have rigged me up.... Oh, Maria
Santissima, I feel like a fine filly in season, all bells and ribbons,
waiting to be taken to the fair.... But it's no good arguing with
Flaminio, children; you've got to play: '_Su, bubbolino, salutami il
re_'; and keep on saying yes, all the time.... You're laughing at me?
Laugh if you like...."

They were indeed laughing, Nicoletta Capolino and Aurelio Costa, while
Donna Adelaide with her arms outstretched spun about the room like a
top; they were laughing also, helplessly, with the pleasure of hearing
her express so carelessly and comically their own secret impression,
which they would never have dreamed not merely of expressing but even
of retaining, in such crude terms, in their own consciousness. This
was just what Donna Adelaide wished. She felt the absurdity of this
strange and tardy marriage, and was placing her cards on the table to
disarm the malice of others.

Endowed with common sense and with a certain spirit, she had decided
that she might as well make the most of her own privileged position
and of that of her bridegroom, which masked with an arrogant pomp all
that was illegal in their marriage. But she lent herself to the task
without enthusiasm, to please her brother almost rather than herself.
She knew however that the Prince was an extremely handsome and
well-mannered man.

She herself, already past her prime, since the coming of this charming
Nicoletta, who had acquired such a hold over Flaminio (and quite
rightly, oh yes, a dear girl, a dear girl, sacrificed, poor thing, by
that trickster of a husband!) had grown tired of her own "terrible
maiden-ladyship" as she called it, and had said yes:

"_Su bubbolino, salutami il re_!"

Without any civil ceremony; in church only. What did that matter to
her? At her age she would certainly not be having any children. The
priest's absolution was enough for her, it was enough for her family
and friends, and so away we go, off to the fair! With a light heart!

Sulkiness was a thing that Donna Adelaide could not endure. She was
troubled by one thing only: they had told her that the Prince had a
long beard. A man with a long beard must of course be intensely
serious, or at least look as though he were. She hoped to be able to
make him trim it. Bella Madre Santissima, she would never have the
patience to stroke a great long waterfall of hair! Shorter, the beard,

Short and stout, almost neckless, Donna Adelaide was not altogether
ugly; indeed she had quite a good face, but her eyes were too bright,
with a crude polish like discs of enamel, and dazzlingly bright the
teeth all of which she exposed in her frequent peals of laughter. She
was always in a state of excitement, burdened as she was and stifled
by those two enormous breasts beneath her chin, "monstrous
excrescences," as she called them. And hot, hot, hot; she was always
hot, and must have air, air, air!


The old barrack of Valsania could never have anticipated, in the
desolate abandonment in which it had existed for so many years, all
these frills and feathers, all these gorgeous trimmings, in which the
decorators had been dressing it up all the morning. And it seemed to
be looking round at them, sorrowful and slightly bewildered, from the
innumerable cracks in its walls, in the decrepit plaster that bulged
and gaped everywhere. Oh, look! They had hung up beneath the windows
a long festoon of laurel, like a necklace; another necklace higher up,
of myrtle, beneath the gutter, with paper rosettes which had terrified
the sparrows on the roof. Poor dear little creatures, whom it, their
good old hostel, loved so well! There they were, all of them, flown
away, away, hiding among the leaves of the trees round about.

... And from there they sent back to it shrill cries of dismay, as
much as to say:

"Good gracious, what are they doing to you, old friend, what are they

Bah! It had long been slumbering, their old friend, in the peace of
the fields. Remote from the life of men which had almost abandoned it,
it had gradually begun to feel itself, in its dream, a part of nature:
its stones, in the dream, had begun to feel again their native
mountain, from which they had been quarried and shaped; and the
moisture of the deep earth had risen and diffused itself through the
walls, as the sap rises to the branches of trees through their roots;
and here and there in the cracks tufts of grass had sprouted, and the
tiles on the roof were coated with moss. The old barrack, as it slept,
rejoiced to feel itself thus reabsorbed by the earth, to feel in
itself the life of mountain and plants, almost their consciousness,
whereby it was now better able to understand the voice of the winds,
the voice of its neighbour the sea, the twinkling of the distant stars
and the gentle caress of the moon.

But now, look, men were disturbing it again; were dooming it to
witness and to receive more of their strange and futile innovations.
And who could say what happenings it might yet have to witness in this
late autumn of its life!

What a grand new carpet blazing on the old rustic stair, with two
green poles for a balustrade! What an escort of potted laurels and
bamboos up the steps and along the landing above! And those damask
hangings on the window sills and on the eastern terrace to hide the
rusty railing! The fine carpet there too, on the terrace, with rush
seats and little tables and bowls of flowers.... Now they were fixing
an awning overhead. The reception and mutual introduction of bride and
bridegroom would take place there, since they had failed to wrest from
Mauro Mortara the key of the _camerone_.

Since daybreak he had been in hiding, no one knew where.

Don Cosmo, in his shirtsleeves, was tearing about amid the disorder of
his bedroom, while Donna Sara Alaimo, her hair still unkempt, bowed
over, buried in an old beechwood chest, long and narrow as a coffin,
was trying to find him a decent coat in which to make a fitting
appearance at the solemn ceremony. There rose from this chest, filled
with old garments, a strong and pungent smell of camphor.

"You might at least hold the lid up for me, good Lord!" the poor
"housekeeper" moaned in a suffocated voice, as though from the nether

Twice already the lid had fallen upon her back.

And Don Cosmo:

"Nothing of the sort! What's the use, I say, what's the use? We're in
the country here.... Don't bother me...."

"But you must let me dress you..." Donna Sara went on wailing from
inside the chest. "The Lord Bishop is coming... the bride is
coming.... Do you propose to appear in a jacket? Let me find it.... I
know it's here!"

"And I tell you that it's not there!"

"But I've seen it with my own eyes! It is here! It is here!"

She was looking for an old frock coat which Don Cosmo in days gone by
had worn once or twice, and which accordingly had remained brand new,
buried there under the camphor, of old-fashioned cut, it was true, but
a "fashionable garment," all the same....

"Here it is!" Donna Sara cried at last in triumph, raising her aching
back from the chest. ... and pulled and pulled and pulled--oh,
gracious, was it as long as all that?... and pulled....

Donna Sara's arms slackened. It was a cassock. The cassock Don Cosmo
Laurentano had worn as a seminarist.

She drew it all out at length, gently, to fold it properly and bury it
again with due reverence. She shook her head; sighed:

"A real pity! A real pity! Who knows but you might be Bishop of
Girgenti at this moment instead of Monsignor Montero...."

"It would be a lively diocese!" muttered Don Cosmo. "Put it away, bury

He had been disturbed by the sudden appearance of this cassock, a
spectre of his fervent, boyish faith. Empty and black as the cassock
itself had his soul been ever since! What anguish, what tortures it
revived in him....

With drooping lips and shut eyes, Don Cosmo let himself be immersed in
the remote but still painful memories of his youth, a youth tormented
for years on end by the bitter struggle between faith and reason. And
reason had conquered faith, but only to be engulfed, in its turn, in
that dark, profound, despairing scepticism.

"Was it there or wasn't it?" Donna Sara broke in upon his musings,
standing before him with the frock coat spread out on her arms.

Don Cosmo had barely time to put it on. One of the bodyguard (eight of
them had come over, by twos and threes, from Colimbetra, in full
review order) came clattering in to announce the Bishop's arrival.

Don Cosmo groaned again; tried to raise his arms to express the
annoyance that he felt at these tidings; but was unable: the frock

"Perfect! It fits you exactly! You look a picture!" Donna Sara assured

"A picture indeed!" shouted Don Cosmo. "It's stifling me! I can't

And off he went. He had hoped that the Bishop would be the last to
arrive, and that it would not fall to himself to receive him and to
keep him company until the other guests came. The thought of them
bored him too, the whole of this pompous tomfoolery bored him
intensely, but more than all or than any of them the sight of the Lord
Bishop, of that exalted representative of a world from which he had
severed himself after so much suffering, shocked most of all by the
hypocrisy of so many of his companions, who, albeit secretly assailed
by the very doubts that tormented him, had remained in that world. And
Monsignor Montero had been one of them. Now he held out his ring to be
kissed, and had the supreme charge of the souls of an entire diocese.
The unconscious illusions, the spontaneous and necessary fictions of
the soul, Don Cosmo could and did excuse and commiserate and felt
sympathy for them; but the deliberate fictions, no, especially in that
supreme office, in that ministry of life and death.

"Oh, beautiful! Lovely!" Monsignore was saying meanwhile, as he
alighted from the carriage and stood gazing at the scenery, between
Dianella Salvo and his secretary, a young priest, tall and thin and
pallid, with deep intelligent eyes. "With the sea so near... oh,
beautiful! Lovely!... and the valley... and the valley... and..."

He broke off, seeing Don Cosmo coming down steps from the decorated
old mansion.

"Ah, here he comes! My dear Don Cosmo..."

"Monsignore, your most humble servant," said the other, bowing

"My dear fellow, my dear fellow..." Monsignore repeated, almost
embracing him, and laying a hand on his shoulder. "How many years
can it be since we last met.... Old men now, eh! old men.... You (we
can call one another _tu_, I hope, as we did in the old days) you must,
if I am not mistaken, be a year or two my senior...."

"Possibly... yes," sighed Don Cosmo. "But who counts the years now, my
dear Montero? I know that I have many behind me, and few left to come:
and the past years are a burden, and the future years seem to me
enormously long.... That is all that I know...."

Dianella Salvo, as she looked at Don Cosmo, could not help smiling at
the sight of the old frock coat which gripped him under the arms. The
pale young priest was smiling furtively also; and the eight men of the
bodyguard, posted stiffly at the foot of the steps, stared with
distress and mortification at the figure cut by the brother of the
Prince their master at this solemn reception. Donna Sara Alaimo had
tucked away her hair as best she might under her cap, and had come
down to kiss the Bishop's hand, genuflecting to the ground; the two
maids had come down with her, also the cook and the manservant, and
the wife of the _curatolo_, Ninfa's Vanni, had come up as well with
her three half-naked bandy-legged urchins. Monsignore held out his
hand to be kissed and smiled at them all, bowing his head. Then he
introduced his secretary to Don Cosmo and, as he climbed the steps to
the villa, spoke of the visit he had just paid, in passing, to the
chapel of La Seta, and of the welcome he had received from all the
folk of that hamlet.

"Such good people... such good people..."

And he asked Dianella and Donna Sara if they went there on Sundays, to
hear mass in the chapel.

"I know that a priest comes out specially from Porto Empedocle, and
that those good villagers collect a toll from the passers-by all the
week, by the roadside...."

As he entered the villa, he turned to Dianella and inquired:

"Your mother?"

Dianella replied with a disconsolate movement of her arms, turning
pale and looking him sorrowfully in the face.

"How very sad!" sighed Monsignore, going and sitting down on the now
decorated terrace. "But at least she is calm, eh?"

"She takes in nothing!" exclaimed Donna Sara.

"And she still prays, doesn't she?" the Bishop went on.

"All the time," Dianella answered.

"A consolation for you," observed Monsignore, nodding his head and
half shutting his protuberant eyes, "that, in the darkness of her
mind, only the light of faith should remain burning.... Divine

"To lose one's reason!" Don Cosmo muttered.

Monsignore shot an angry glance at him. But Don Cosmo did not observe
it: he was lost in his own thoughts.

"I mean to keep her faith, even after she has lost her reason,"
Monsignore explained.

"Quite so!" Don Cosmo sighed, rousing himself. "It is the other thing
that is difficult, my dear Monsignore!"

"I think it would not be advisable, would it, for her to see me?" the
Bishop asked, turning again to Dianella as though he had not caught
Don Cosmo's words. "Let us leave her, let us leave her in peace....
With you, though," he added, softly and with a kindly smile at Don
Cosmo, "I should like to resume those heated discussions we used to
have long ago, but not now and not here. ... If you would care to
come and see me...."

"Discussions? I'm a perfect fool!" exclaimed Don Cosmo. "I have become
a perfect fool, my dear Montoro.... I can no longer put two and two
together! If one person tells me that two and two make six and another
tells me that they make three...."

"Here's the Prince!" broke in Donna Sara, who was keeping a watch on
the avenue from the balustrade of the terrace.

Monsignore rose with Dianella and Don Cosmo to see him arrive. The
last ran down to embrace his brother as soon as he should alight from
the carriage. There rode upon either side of it Captain Sciaralla and
another officer, in review order likewise. The blazing red of their
breeches shone out gaily against the green background of the trees and
beneath the blue canopy of the sky. It was a closed carriage. The
secretary, Lisi Preola, eat facing the Prince.

Donna Sara withdrew from the terrace, leaving only Monsignore,
Dianella Salvo and the secretary to watch from the balustrade the
exchange of greetings between the brothers.


Don Ippolito Laurentano sprang from the carriage with boyish agility.
He was in morning dress with a loose brimmed Panama hat on his head.
He kissed his brother and at once drew back to examine him.

"Cosmo, what on earth have you been putting on yourself?" he asked
with a smile. "No, my dear fellow, no! Go in at once and take off that
relic of antiquity..."

Don Cosmo looked at the frock coat; he had forgotten its existence,
although he felt it gripping him under the arms. "Why yes," he said,
"I do notice an odour...."

"An odour? why, you stink, my dear fellow!" exclaimed Don Ippolito.
"You reek of camphor a mile away!"

He smiled at Monsignore and raised his hat in greeting to Dianella
Salvo on the terrace; then began to mount the steps.

"I give you the comforting intelligence that you are a great deal more
stupid than I am! Far, far more!" Don Cosmo was saying presently to
the "housekeeper" who, ashamed and angry, was by no means convinced
that this "fashionable garment" could be out of place on an occasion
like this, with a Monsignore present. "And you've given me a
headache," Don Cosmo railed, "and you've made me drunk with all your
camphor. ... Off with it, I tell you, take it off at once.... I can't
skin myself! Give me my own coat, quickly."

When he reappeared on the terrace, Don Ippolito threw up his arms:

"Ah, heaven be praised! Now you look splendid!"

Monsignore and Dianella laughed.

"Donna Sara's ideas! What is one to do?" Don Cosmo sighed, shrugging
his shoulders. "I assure you, she's even stupider than I am."

"That I can well believe!" said the Prince with a laugh. "But tell
me--Mauro? Where is he? Isn't he to be seen?" 

"Humph!" said Don Cosmo. "He's vanished! I've heard nothing of him now
for days past, ever since we had the honour..."

"I know where he is," said Dianella, acknowledging Don Cosmo's
compliment with a graceful bow, while he tried to cut her short.
"Under one of the carubs down in the valley.... But, please, nobody is
supposed to know! We have made friends...."

"Indeed?" Don Ippolito inquired, as his radiant eyes took in the grace
and beauty of the girl. "With that bear?"

"He is mad as a hatter!" Don Cosmo announced gravely.

"No, why?" put in Dianella.

"And look who it is that says so, Monsignore!" the Prince exclaimed.
"I'd give anything in the world to be able to hide behind a curtain
and watch the scenes that must go on between them when they are alone

Don Cosmo nodded his assent and uttered his habitual laugh, the
threefold "Oh! oh! oh!"

"They must be rare fun!" Don Ippolito added.

Dianella was gazing with pleasure, with an indefinable satisfaction at
this old man, to whom his manly beauty, his firm vigour, his sure
mastery of himself, imparted a nobility at once so proud and so
serene; she could imagine how exquisite must be his manners without
the slightest effort and yet without a trace of affectation, and it
pained her to think of him in conjunction with her Aunt Adelaide, a
nature so different, so diametrically opposed to his: giggling,
impulsive, noisy. What impression was he going to form of her?

They all left the terrace and all, except Monsignore and his
secretary, who remained at the front door, went down to the foot of
the steps, when the tinkle of silver bells announced the arrival of
Flaminio Salvo's carriage from the avenue.

Don Ippolito stepped forward to help the ladies to alight, and caught
his bride in the act of exclaiming: "Here we are!" with her arms
up-stretched towards the roof of the carriage, as though she were
casting them from her. He pretended not to notice this awkward
gesture, by prolonging his bow, then kissed her hand; he next
kissed Donna Nicoletta Capolino's, and vigorously clasped that of
Flaminio Salvo, while the two ladies rapturously embraced Dianella,
and Don Cosmo stood self-consciously in the background, not knowing
whether or how to introduce himself.

Captain Sciaralla on his white mare was like an equestrian statue, at
the foot of the steps, facing his rigid platoon.

"Ah! The soldiers! Let me look at the soldiers!" exclaimed Donna
Adelaide, waddling off like a goose, without noticing that, at the
head of the steps between the potted laurels and bamboos, Monsignore
Montero, his features composed in a kindly, condescending smile, was
bowing to her for the third time in vain.

Dianella, observing at length Don Cosmo's embarrassment, cut short
Nicoletta Capolino's expansive greetings and stopped her aunt to point
out and present to her her future brother-in-law.

"Oh, of course," said Donna Adelaide, laughing and squeezing his hand
in a tight grip."Such a pleasure! The hermit of Valsania, isn't it? So
delighted! And how nicely they have done the villa up! Oh, look!
Look! Why, there's Monsignore all the time.... And nobody told me!"

She ran towards the steps; the Prince at once hastened to offer her
his arm; Don Cosmo gave his to Donna Nicoletta, and Dianella went last
with her father.

"Beautifully dressed, those soldiers!" Donna Adelaide remarked to the
Prince, lifting up her skirt in front with her disengaged hand, so as
not to trip upon the steps. "Truly charming! They look like a lot of
sugar dolls! Charming!"

Then, as she reached the head of the steps:

"Most Excellent Monsignore! I thought that Your Excellency would be
coming at your own convenience, instead of which here you are,
punctual to the minute!"

The Bishop smiled, held out his hand for Donna Adelaide to kiss his
ring, and said to her:

"To have the joy of seeing you like this, on the Prince's arm, and to
bid yon welcome, Donna Adelaide, to the house of Lamentano."

"But how very kind, thank you, thank you, truly gracious, Your
Excellency!" replied Donna Adelaide, going first into the villa at the
Prince's bidding.

Monsignore went in, and then Donna Nicoletta, then Dianella and Salvo
and the Bishop's secretary and also Don Cosmo: the Prince choosing to
enter last of all. When he emerged on the terrace, he intercepted the
gentle gaze of Dianella, anxiously awaiting his coming. Instinctively
he responded with a faint smile.

"Fine looking man, isn't he?" Nicoletta Capo-lino whispered to
Dianella. "There certainly won't be any need to clip his beard, as
Adelaide says."

"Clip his beard?" asked Dianella.

"Yes," the other replied. "She kept us in fits of laughter in the
carriage, with her terror of the Prince's long beard."

"What are you two talking about over there?" Donna Adelaide broke into
the conversation at this point. "Are you laughing at us? They are
laughing at you and me, my dear Prince. Silly girls! But we must grin
and bear it: that's what we are here for; this is our day.... Like
going to the fair! Flaminio, my boy, don't devour me with your eyes.
Give me courage, if anything! I do everything you tell me, always....
But let me enjoy myself I I say foolish things, because I'm
excited.... Come along, Nicoletta! With your permission, Prince, I am
going to pay my poor sister-in-law a visit."

And off she went, followed by her niece and by Nicoletta.

At once Salvo, to remove the unfavourable impression left on the
Prince's mind by his sister's outburst, explained with an air of
mystery that Signora Capolino was unaware that her husband, possibly
at that very moment, was fighting a duel, and that she supposed him to
be at Siculiana on a tour of his constituency.

"Let us pray to God that all may be well!" sighed Monsignore, in a
tone of deep distress, raising his globular eyes to heaven.

"Oh, there's no doubt about that!" smiled Salvo. "A ridiculous
adversary, who has been beaten by everybody, always: short, stout and
blind as a bat. Whereas our friend Capolino..."

"Just after I left the house," said Don Ippo-lito, "I could see the
two carriages in the distance coming along the road towards

"Why, yes," added Salvo, "by this time, they're certain to be..."

He stopped short. They were all silent for a moment, helpless in the
grip of terror, and their thoughts flew far away to the other villa
where at that moment the duel was being fought. There, was a very
different spectacle: two men face to face, two drawn sabres, flashing
in the air; here, amid the silence of the fields, the pompous
decorations, improvised for a festal occasion which now, strangely
enough, appeared to them all to be almost out of place, artificial,

There was indeed, from the moment of their arrival, a certain awkward
chill in the spirits of both the Prince and Salvo, which they were
each doing his best to conceal. This chill was caused by Landino's
reply, which had at last arrived, to his father's letter: the usual
congratulations, the usual wishes for the future, delicately worded
expressions of his pleasure at the kind and loving companionship that
his father would now have; but not a word as to his own coming down to
attend the wedding.

Don Ippolito, as he started from Colimbetra, had made up his mind to
send Mauro Mortara to Rome, to let Landino know how displeased, how
pained his father was with his behaviour, and to try to bring him back
to Sicily. He knew that Landino from his earliest boyhood had
entertained a deep and tender affection for old Mauro and a keen
admiration for his character, for his fanatical loyalty to the memory
and ideas of Landino's grandfather, for the almost contemptuous
attitude which he had adopted from the beginning and still maintained
towards the father, that is to say towards Don Ippolito himself, who
for all that was his master. No other envoy was likely to prove so
effective. For this savage old rustic was, so to speak, rooted in the
heart of the family, the voice of the ancient Valsania, their native

He thought he would seize the opportunity of the ladies' absence to go
out to the head of the steps and tell Sciaralla to send Ninfa's Vanni
down to the gorge to look for Mauro, as he wished to speak to him.

"When he returned to the terrace, he found there Donna Adelaide, Donna
Nicoletta and Dianella. The two former had taken off their hats.
Donna Adelaide's eyes were red with tears and Dianella was paler and
Salvo darker than before.

"I did not ask you, Don Flaminio," said the Prince, in a sympathetic
tone, "to present me to your wife, because I know, alas..."

"Oh, thank you, thank you," Salvo cut him short, shrinking into
himself and nodding his head gently, with half shut eyes, as much as
to say: "Thank you... it is just as though she were not in the house!"

Donna Adelaide had gone across to the balustrade of the terrace and,
with her back turned to the party, was wiping her eyes and loudly
blowing her nose, saying to Nicoletta Capolino, who was begging her to
calm herself:

"I am a great donkey, I know! But how am I to help it? Whenever I see
her, whenever I see those eyes of hers, they make me feel so
wretched!" Suddenly, making an effort, she threw up her arms, tossed
her head as though she were stifling, panted: "Ufff, that will do for
the present!" and turned round smiling.

Two footmen in livery appeared on the terrace with big trays loaded
with cups and cakes. After these refreshments, Monsignor Montoro took
the floor to announce in a polished little discourse (which was
intended, nevertheless, to give the impression of its having been
improvised on the spot) the formal promise of marriage that had been
exchanged, and proceeded naturally to extol the good old days in which
a contract made before God was sufficient by itself, in civilized
society, to fasten the bond of matrimony, which religion alone can
render sacred and noble, whereas the law of man, the so-called civil
law degrades it and almost makes it infamous....

All the rest listened with lowered eyes, religiously, to the Bishop's
glowing words. Only Don Cosmo sat with knitted brows and fixed gaze,
as though he hoped in one of those words to find the peg for a
philosophical discussion. Don Ippolito, seeing him adopt this
attitude, became seriously worried about him. Flaminio Salvo, for his
part, with that letter from Rome upon his mind, was thinking that it
was all very well, what the Bishop was saying, but that meanwhile the
Prince's noble son was turning a deaf ear, that the other side were
not abiding by their agreement and that his sister, without the
slightest guarantee, was allowing herself to he compromised from the
start. To Donna Adelaide, this little sermon was like any sacred
function, almost like hearing mass: a formality, nothing more. A piece
of play-acting, on the other hand, and one that was not very amusing
at the moment, it seemed to Nicoletta Capolino, and disgusting to
Dianella who was watching the other and could read on her brow all
that was passing through her mind.

A light breeze had risen from the sea, and the awning overhead kept on
swelling and rising like a balloon, while a corner of the damask
hanging slapped insolently against the railing it concealed.

This slapping noise at length distracted the never very close
attention that Donna Adelaide had been paying to the little sermon,
which had already lasted too long, and, as a cloud borne on the breeze
hid the sun for a moment, she bent down to peep out at the sky from
under the awning, and could not repress a murmur of:

"I do hope it's not going to rain...."

These few words, although barely audible, had a disastrous effect, as
though the entire party (Monsignore, of course, excepted) were
irresistibly led to discover an immediate connexion between the threat
of rain and this ponderous and interminable sermon.

Don Cosmo opened his eyes and stared; Donna Nicoletta could not
repress a titter of laughter; Don Flaminio frowned; Monsignore stopped
short, lost Ms thread, said:

"Let us hope not," and at once added: "And now to conclude."

He concluded, naturally, with good wishes and congratulations, and the
rest of the party rose with great relief.

Donna Adelaide, feeling that she would stifle beneath that awning,
suggested going down for a stroll along the avenue. The Prince gave
her his arm, Nicoletta went next with Dianella, and Monsignore, Salvo,
Don Cosmo and the secretary followed in their wake.

Don Ippolito Laurentano felt his tongue parched and tied by the
desperate struggle that was raging within him between his chivalrous
instincts, which impelled him to be courteous and attentive to the
lady, and the enormous, freezing disappointment and invincible
repulsion which her manners, her behaviour, her gestures, her voice,
her laugh had at once aroused in him; between the instinctive,
overpowering, irresistible need to free himself from her at the
earliest possible moment, dismissing without more ado a project which
now, when it came to the point, seemed to him to fall so lamentably
short of the idea that he had formed of it, and the thought of the
serious difficulty of so doing, now that he had definitely pledged
himself--with his resentment to boot, secret and bitter, against his
absent son, to whom he would appear to be owning himself beaten, after
he had so far humbled himself as almost to crave his son's consent to
this marriage. He was boiling, lastly, with the bitterest rage at
Monsignore, who had depicted his bride to him in such deceiving
colours: "Lively, a warm heart, an open nature, sincere, vivacious,
submissive...." What on earth was he to say to her now? How bring
himself to address her?

Fortunately, Captain Sciaralla appeared at this moment, and, standing
to attention, announced that Mortara had come up from the vallone.

"Where is he?" said the Prince curtly. "Tell him to come here."

"Mauro?" Don Cosmo asked. "Oh no, let him alone, poor fellow.... You
know what he's like...."

"Oh, the person they call the Monk?" exclaimed Donna Adelaide. "Let us
go and see him, let us go at once, Prince, please!"

"No, aunt!" implored Dianella, who was sorry that she had revealed his
hiding place. "It would hurt his feelings."

"Is he really such a bear, then?" said Donna Adelaide, puzzled.

"A grizzly bear!" Don Cosmo assured her.

"Just fancy," put in Flaminio Salvo; "after all this time I have never
yet succeeded in setting eyes on him...."

And Nicoletta inquired: "Is it true that he wears a goatskin on his
head and goes about armed to the teeth?"

"Let you and me go by ourselves, Prince!" was Donna Adelaide's next
suggestion. "I do so want to see him... I can't wait, come along!"

Mauro was standing outside the door of his room in the basement,
staring moodily over the vineyard to the sea. Seeing the Prince with a
lady, his face darkened, but, as Don Ippolito gave him a friendly
greeting, he advanced towards him and stooped down to kiss him on the
breast. His kiss was followed by a sort of sob.

"My old friend," said Don Ippolito, touched by this kiss over his
heart, "do you know who this lady is?"

"I can guess; may God give you happiness!" replied Mauro, gazing
solemnly at Donna Adelaide, who was staring at him with wide and
glistening eyes and a smile on her lips.

"I wish to give you happiness as well," the Prince went on. "Would you
like to go to Rome?"

"To Rome? I?" exclaimed Mauro in amazement. "To Rome? You can ask me
that? Who knows how many times I would have gone there on foot, as a
pilgrim, if my legs..."

"Good," the Prince interrupted him, "you shall go there on the steamer
and the train. I have a message for you to give to Landino. Come
tomorrow to Colimbetra... that is to say, not tomorrow ... let me
think! I shall send over for you in the course of the week. I have a
lot to say to you."

"And then... straight to Rome?" Mauro faltered.


"Because I am an old man," Mauro went on. "On my two crooked sevens.
[Footnote: The number 77, in Italy, is symbolical of the bent legs of
an old man. So the British soldier speaks of "legs-eleven," and the
Frenchman says "prendre le train onze." C. K. S. M. ] And the thought
of dying without seeing Rome has always worried me!"

"But will you go dressed like that, to Rome?" Donna Adelaide asked

"No, Signora," Mauro replied. "I have a good coat here, of broadcloth,
and a black hat, like your bridegroom's."

"And that hairy cap," Donna Adelaide asked again, "how can you wear
it? Oh Lord, the very sight of it makes me sick!"

"This cap..." Mauro was beginning to explain; but a sudden shout, from
the other end of the house, cut him short.

"Don Ippolito, come, quickly! Capolino...."

"What has happened?" screamed Donna Adelaide.

"Wounded?" asked the Prince.

"Yes; badly, it seems...." Salvo answered. "Come!"

"But who says so?"

"One of your men has ridden over from Colimbetra.... They have carried
him up to your house, wounded in the chest.... I don't know yet if it
was a sabre or a pistol.... And poor Signora Nicoletta, here with us!"

When they reached the villa, Donna Nicoletta was struggling in the
arms of the Bishop and Dianella, moaning incessantly:

"My heart told me so! My heart spoke to me! My hat... my hat.... The
carriage, quick. ... Scoundrels, murderers.... Oh, my Gnazio!"

"The carriage is at the door!" Captain Sciaralla came in to announce.

Nicoletta dashed out without saying good-bye to anyone.

"What about you, Prince?" said Salvo.

"Ought I to go too?" asked Don Ippolito.

To which Salvo:

"It would be as well. You, Adelaide, will remain here to-night. Come
along. Come along."

The carriage, with Nicoletta, the Prince and Salvo in it, set off at
full speed.

"Oh Holy Mother of God, what bad luck!" Donna Adelaide was left
exclaiming at the head of the steps, beating her hands together. "But
what were they doing with a duel to-day, of all days? Is that fair?
Leave God out of it, Monsignore! If you don't mind! What is the good
of praying? ... Your Excellency must excuse me, but is this the sort
of trick to play on a poor woman like me?"



IN the house of Donna Caterina Auriti Laurentano, on the day of the
election, were assembled round Roberto the few friends who had
remained faithful to him, notwithstanding his having ceased to
correspond with them for many years. He had found them, in the last
few days, altered like himself by time and the vicissitudes of life.

For a moment, in the eyes of each of them, as they embraced their
friend, there had kindled and flashed the old youthful expression of
those far off days, unconscious still of what fate held in store for
them; then immediately, with a slight shake of their heads, those eyes
had grown misty with emotion, with agonizing regret, while their lips
parted in a sad and bitter smile.

"Who would have said," that misty gaze and that smile seemed to ask,
"who would have told us then that one day we should have come to this?
That we should have lost so many things, which were everything in life
to us then, and which we should have thought it impossible to lose?
And yet we have lost them; and life has remained to us; but what a
life: this!" More painful still was the spectacle of one who had not
noticed, or who pretended not to have noticed his losses, and showed
his unconsciousness in the care he devoted to his middle-aged person,
which exhibited, in a compassionately enfeebled form, the airs and
graces of another generation.

Each of them had adapted himself as best he might to his own fate, had
made a niche, a position for himself. Sebastiano Ceraulo, a lawyer who
had scraped through his examinations, a fervent improviser of
patriotic poetry in the years of the Revolution, at that time a
spirited, impetuous youth, with a forest of unkempt locks, had been
appointed, by personal influence, secretary in the Provincial office,
and now trained over his scalp with pitiable industry the wisp of
long, carefully waxed hair that remained on it; he had grown
enormously stout; had taken a wife; had had by her five children, all
girls hot in pursuit of husbands. Marco Sala, sentenced to death by
the Bourbon Government, who notwithstanding had returned again and
again to Sicily from his place of exile, disguised as a friar, to
distribute Mazzini's proclamations by stealth; had gone first of all
into the sulphur business; had done very well for several years; then
had come to grief; and for some time supported his family by gambling;
finally he had been made keeper of a tobacco warehouse. Rosario
Trigona, who on the l5th of May, 1860, at Girgenti, while Garibaldi
was fighting at Calatafimi, had sallied forth alone, an act of
madness, with a handful of comrades, the tricolour in one hand and a
long sabre in the other, to face the three thousand men of the Bourbon
garrison, and who, pursued, under a rain of bullets, had escaped by a
miracle, and made his way on foot to the victorious Garibaldi, running
day and night and dodging the royal army which was scouring Sicily in
search of the Filibuster, who was by that time at Gibilrossa above
Palermo; Rosario Trigona, crippled now by nephritis, flabby, bald,
toothless and half blind, likewise burdened with a family, was
dragging out a wretched existence on the meagre salary of assistant
secretary in the Chamber of Commerce. And Mattia Gangi, who had flung
his cassock to the winds to take part in the Revolution, now,
asthmatic, irritable, his beard, hair and bushy eyebrows dyed the
colour of egg-fruit, was teaching in the elementary school _alauda est
laeta: the lark is blithe_. "Blithe? Not a bit of it!" he would add,
to the boys who stared, open-eyed. "How is she blithe? Why is she
blithe? She seems blithe to us! She sings because she is hungry, she
sings to call her mate! Blithe, indeed! Don't you believe it!" In
contrast to him was Filippo Noto, tall, thin and wasted, but still
golden-haired and neat. Before 1860 he had fought a duel with a young
officer in the Bourbon army over a woman and had been prosecuted; this
amorous adventure had served him as a patriotic precedent; but he
cared little for politics; by dint of hard reading he had succeeded in
keeping himself afloat, in moving with the times, while remaining a
lukewarm Conservative; he was regarded as one of the most experienced
members of the Sicilian bar, and was often briefed to defend the most
important civil cases even at Palermo, Messina, Catania.

These five friends and Canon Agro were endeavouring to keep the
conversation going, talking of impersonal matters, of remote events,
recalling anecdotes which provoked an occasional forced laugh; in
order simply that the weight of defeat, however clearly foreseen,
might not, with the additional burden of silence, press too heavily
upon their troubled minds. But as a matter of fact, gradually, after
the first shock of seeing their friend again and now with their
increasing emotion at renewing the old memories of their youth, the
four walls of their present consciousness were beginning to melt, and
they, with a sort of secret disturbance, which weakened their
resistance, became aware that not only were the persons that they now
were inhabiting their bodies; but that those other persons, also,
which they had been years and years before, were living still and
feeling and reasoning with the same thoughts, the same sentiments that
they had supposed to be obscured, cancelled, extinguished by a long
oblivion. There came to life at that moment in each one of them
another unsuspected self, that self which each of them had been thirty
years or so earlier; but so living, so present that, as they looked at
themselves, they received a strange impression, sad and at the same
time absurd, of their present appearance, which even to themselves
seemed scarcely to be real. There was present, actually present, alive
and active in each of them, the past; and the present had practically
ceased to exist.

>From time to time, however, there came into the room Antonio Del Re,
who saw them as the elderly men that they were, and, after listening
for a while to their conversation, felt an ineffable sadness, the
sadness that we feel when we see in old men who have forgotten for a
moment that they are old, certain passions still vigorous for things,
for people that to us are dead or obsolete: passions that have their
roots in a soil of which we know nothing, which is no longer ours,
which was the old men's, and which we have passed beyond in our
advance, dragging after us their feeble bodies, not their souls: their
souls have been left behind.

"We had been sitting up playing cards at San Gerlando," Marco Sala was
recounting, "until nearly midnight, at Giacinto Lumia's, poor fellow."

"Poor Giacinto!" Trigona sighed, shaking his head. "Vincenzo
Guarnotta was with us, from Siculiana," Sala went on.

"Ah, Vincenzo!" said Roberto Auriti. "What has become of him?"

"Dead," replied Sala. "It must be nine or ten years ago. He had come
to Girgenti on business, and was staying at the Convent of Sant' Anna,
as he used always to do. Even the Convent is gone now! It was a
terrible night: wind, thunder, lightning, rain, rain that seemed to be
bringing the roof down. So much so that in the end Giacinto Lumia
invited us all to spend the night there. We should find some sort of
shakedown. The others, being bachelors, and Guarnotta, the stranger,
accepted the invitation; I, in spite of his entreaties, insisted upon
going home so as not to keep my mother (now with God) and my wife in
suspense. Before I left the house, Guarnotta, knowing that on my way
home I must pass along the Stretto di Sant' Anna, asked me to knock at
the gate of the Convent and tell the Brother Porter that he would be
sleeping out that night. I promised to do so, and left. I assure you
that, as soon as I had started, I regretted that I had not accepted
Lumia's hospitality. What a wind! It carried you off your feet! The
rain came lashing down like bullets; and the cold and darkness, a
darkness torn to ribbons by the ghastly streaks of lightning! All the
same, as I passed along the Stretto di Sant' Anna, I remembered what
Guarnotta had said, and stopped to knock at the Convent door. I
knocked, and knocked again: nothing happened! Nobody heard me! It was
a wonder I didn't break down the door. I was just going away, in a
towering rage, when I heard a barred window open above my head and a
voice shout: 'Who's there?' 'Sala,' say I, 'Marco Sala!' 'All right!'
shouts the voice from above; and with that I hear the window being
shut and bolted. I stood there gaping. They hadn't given me time to
open my mouth, and yet it was all right? I shook with rage at the
thought that simply to oblige Guarnotta, who had remained under cover,
I, at the risk of catching my death of cold, had perhaps made them
think me mad or drunk. Who would ever wander about at that time of
night, in such weather? Well, I had gone a few yards, when I heard,
echoing down the Stretto, the slow boom of a bell, which made me jump:
'_Dong_!' And the wind made the sound spread, mournfully, through the
night. Then, again, _dong--dong_--more slow booms; there must have
been fifteen of them; I didn't stop to count. I reached my house, tore
off my clothes which were clinging to me; dried myself thoroughly;
jumped into bed, and went off to sleep. Next morning, I get up early,
as my habit is, go to answer the door, and guess what I find there.
The bearers with the bier. As soon as they catch sight of me, they
throw up their arms, start back; stand there speechless: 'Don Marco!
What's this? Your Exc'ency's not dead?' 'You dogs!' I shout, raising
my stick. 'Yes, sir,' they go on.... 'They sent up to Sant' Anna,
last night, to say that Your Exc'ency was dead!' That bell, d'you
understand, had been tolling for me. And I had called there myself to
report my own death."

Albeit this little tale was not a merry one, Sala's closing words were
drowned in his friends' laughter.

"You laugh, do you?" he said. "And yet, who knows whether I didn't
really die that night, my friends! Yes, indeed! I can honestly say
that it was the last merry evening of my youth! Perhaps, with
constantly thinking about it, the impression of that tolling bell has
become fixed in my memory, an evil omen; but it does seem to me that
just at that very time my life began to be pent in a torrent of
misfortunes, became for me what the Stretto di Sant' Anna was on that
night of storm, and that the _dang-dong_ of that passing bell has
followed me all the way."

At this point Antonio Del Re reappeared with a fresh telegram. A
number of these had already come in from the various polling stations
in the constituency. Canon Agro opened it, cast his eyes over the
contents and flung it into a corner, on the chair by the sofa. Neither
Roberto nor any of the rest took the trouble to inquire from what
district it came, what result it announced. Agro's gesture and silence
had been more than eloquent.

The defeat of the moment, which affected Auriti, made more evident the
other, far more serious, irreparable defeat which had been inflicted
upon each of them by time and life. And this defeat seemed to be
symbolized, in statuesque form, in the person of Donna Caterina Auriti
Laurentano, taciturn and brooding.

>From time to time Roberto and his friends cast a furtive glance at
her, as at a phantom of the days of which they were the futile
survivors. Other voices were there in these days, which found no echo
in their hearts; other thoughts which did not enter their minds; other
energies, other ideals, against which their spirits were sealed in
hostile aloofness.

And the proof of this was crudely obvious in that heap of telegrams,
lying there on the chair.

There had come forward unexpectedly, in the last few days, but
certainly after a long and secret preparation, a third candidate in
the shape of one Zappala of Grotte, a mining expert: whose nomination
was openly declared to be an act of protest and assertion by the
sulphur workers and farm labourers of the Province, now united in

Roberto Auriti had dropped to the third place. In almost all the
districts this Zappala had received more votes than he, putting him
thus out of the running, by a quick, contemptuous thrust, as one might
kick out of one's path a useless piece of rubbish, a nuisance rather
than an obstacle.

At one point, when the telegram arrived from Grotte, which was one of
the principal centres of the sulphur industry in the Province, with
the report that the voters there had been almost unanimous for
Zappala, it seemed that he might even prove a serious rival to
Capolino, and qualify for a second ballot, notwithstanding the
enthusiastic support which the clerical champion had received in
Girgenti, to console him for his serious injury in the duel.

Trigona, wishing to cloak the truth in a pious fraud, sought to
ascribe their defeat principally to the result of this ill-advised
duel, to the undue violence shown by Veronica, a stranger, and to the
arrogant behaviour of one of his seconds, that Signor what's-his-name,
the swashbuckler, which had genuinely shocked and outraged the
citizens of Girgenti, in spite of the fact that Selmi, who in the mean
time had returned to his own constituency, had done everything in his
power to temper their indignation.

Canon Agro nodded his head in silence. He could not forgive Veronica
for having ruined, by that disgraceful scene in public, the strategic
plan which he had pondered and constructed with such subtle guile. And
that other Cavaliere, Giovan Battista Mattina! Sent to Grotte to
support Auriti's candidature, he had played the part of Judas, going
over at the last moment to the Popular Party.

"But who is the fellow?" Mattia Gangi demanded with his habitual
savage glare. "What does he represent? What does he live on? What does
he do? What sewer has he escaped from? Sleek and overdressed, with
the airs of a sovereign prince...."

Canon Agro shook his head gently, curling his lips in a sneer, then

"Kites, my dear friends, kites! He, Veronica, and ever so many more!
They are all kites.... You see them up overhead, in the seven
heavens, you stand open-mouthed gaping at them; and all the time who
knows what hand it is that is paying out the string? It may be the
hand of some had woman; or the string may start from the police
headquarters, or from some midnight gambling den.... No one can tell!
The Idte meanwhile is there, it takes the wind, flies with it and
seems to rule it. Every now and then, a blunder, a swoop, all the
signs of a headlong crash. But the unknown hand, down below, sends it
up at once with a gentle, cunning twitch or a strong energetic tug,
and gets it into the wind again and goes on paying out more and more
string. Kites, my dear friends.... How many we see! And they all have
tails, _et in cauda venenum_...."

Six heads nodded to express their approval, silently and with intense
bitterness, of this imaginative flight by Canon Agro, who himself
seemed to remain slightly dazed by it for some moments, and heaved a
sigh of relief, as though he had thus eased his spirit of the burden
of defeat.

Roberto Auriti was more distressed by his mother's obstinate, brooding
silence. She had spoken volubly at first (which was unlike her),
seeking to dissuade him from the venture; and weighty had her words
been then; weightier still, now, was her silence. She intended that
only the facts should speak now, in plain terms, confirming all that
she had said.

With a feeling of irritation, he put in:

"Whatever they may be, my friends, kites or serpents... we need not
consider them! To hear you speak, one would think that I, in coming
here, was under some illusion.... Nothing of the sort, as you know. I
was sent here by One to Whom I could not say no: I should have felt
that I was a deserter."

"Poor Christ!" exclaimed Mattia Gangi. "You have come here to be

"Not crucified, surely," Roberto smiled. "It was that my offer, with
whatever value it might have in the present campaign, might be
rejected by my fellow-citizens; and that their answer, given in my
name to the Government, might make the Government think that something
else is wanted here now for a change!" "Zappala, Zappala is what is
wanted!" Mattia Gangi sneered. "How I should love to see Zappala

"Mamma," Roberto added softly, laying his hand on his mother's arm,
with a smile of bitter resignation, "you can't teach an old donkey..."

His mother thrust out her lip and knitted her brows, while the others
shouted in chorus, echoing Mattia Gangi's wish that Zappala might be
elected. One Zappala only? No! Five hundred and eight Zappalas, one
for every constituency in the Peninsula! What scenes there would be in
the Chamber! The first thing would be to abolish all the schools!
Abolish all taxation! Abolish the army and the police! Law and order,
soap and water! The frontiers levelled, and universal brotherhood!
Yes, yes, cut the heads off the mountains, reduce them all to hillocks
of uniform height! And Mattia Gangi, springing to his feet, began to

 Al ronzio di quella lira
  Ci uniremo, gira gira,
   Tutti in un gomitolo.
 Varieta d'usi e di clima
  Le son fisime di prima;
   E' mutata l'aria.
 I deserti, i monti, i mari,
  Son confini da lunari,
   Sogni di grografi. ...
 ... E tu pur chetati, o Musa,
  Che mi secchi con las scusa
   Dell'amor di patria.
 Son figliuol dell'universo
  E mi sembra tempo perso
   Scriver per l'Italia.

[To the thrumming of that lyre, we join our hands and round we go,
all in a ring. Differences of custom and clime are fancies of the
past; we have changed the tune. Deserts, mountains, seas, are
frontiers only in the almanacs, dreams of geographers. . . . And
do you keep silence now, O Muse, who weary me with the plea of love of
country. I am a child of the universe, and it seems to me a waste of
time to write for Italy.]

They had all risen to their feet, all except Pompeo Agro, and were
applauding enthusiastically.

"Gentlemen, gentlemen," said Filippo Noto, clawing his cuffs down from
under his sleeves, "let us be fair, gentlemen; do not let us find
fault with them, when the wrong is all on our side! Yes, on ours! With
us Christian people! When we hear them say: 'We intend that to
everyone shall be given according to his work! We intend that the
spirit of man shall be able to raise itself above material cares! We
intend that everyone shall have bread to eat and work to do! We
ignorant bourgeois, we tender-hearted Christians, are the first to
applaud. ..."

"Why, of course! Of course! Of course!" cried Ceraulo. "In the
desire for universal happiness, of course! All honest minds are
agreed as to that."

"Very good, so they are, and the Socialists (ahem!) open their mouths,
and you drop in," Filippo Noto promptly retorted. "They give us a
glimpse of an ideal humanity and justice, with which nobody can find
fault, for which everybody must feel enthusiastic; and so they make
proselytes to their cause among those who cannot distinguish between
the poetry of the ideal and the reality of social life, my dear
Ceraulo! Simpletons, simpletons who are incapable of asking themselves
even whether the new methods are not calculated to increase a
thousandfold the hardships and the sadness of our vale of tears; am I
not right, Monsignore?"

Pompeo Agro nodded his head in approval.

"The real danger, gentlemen, lies in this," Noto went on with
increasing warmth: "in the conviction at which we Christians have
arrived, that the movement of the so-called Fourth Estate is
inevitable, irresistible...."

"It is, it is, it is, alas!" Ceraulo again interrupted him.

"Nothing of the sort! Absolute nonsense!" shouted Filippo Noto. "The
Socialist theory lacks the support of science, my dear Sir, of
science, of logic, of morals, even of civilization; it cannot maintain
itself, and is bound to collapse like a crazy dream, like a drunkard's
nightmare! I should like to prove it to you, I should like to prove it
to every one, and first of all to the men in power who make us look on
at the pitiable spectacle of a State that yields, a State that goes
astray and burdens itself with things with which it ought not to
burden itself!"

He grew somewhat calmer, held up his hands and continued in a
different tone:

"Let me explain myself, briefly. The whole procedure is a mistake,
from a to z. Just consider! Making provision for the aged, for women,
for foundlings, for the sick, may be a matter that really is in the
public interest."

"In the interest of humanity," said Trigona.

"Precisely! I quite agree!" Noto assured him. "But from assisting
actual misfortune by means of orphanages, night shelters, soup
kitchens, it has been an easy, an unconscious step, my friends, to the
safeguarding of the proletariat..."

"The so-called proletariat," Gangi muttered through his teeth.

"... from potential misfortunes as well," Noto went on, "thanks to
compulsory insurance against the accidents arising out of employment
and against the worker's future incapacitation by old age or sickness.
Now does it not seem to you self-evident, my friends, given these
first steps, that others will follow which will lead us ever farther
in the direction of that Providential State so strongly condemned by
the most eminent practical writers? Because, when the public mind has
once entertained the idea that the community ought to look after those
who from bodily incapacity are unable to work, it is an easy jump
across the ditch that separates us from the true realm of socialism,
by extending the principle to those men who are able-bodied and
unemployed. And the fact must be admitted! If these men,
notwithstanding their willingness to work, cannot find work, or if
their labour is not adequately rewarded, are they, do you think, less
to be pitied than those who by some physical defect are unable to
work? The effect is the same, gentlemen, undeserved starvation! And
with the proclamation of the right to work, anyone can see where we
shall end; we have seen it already, for that matter, in France, in

At this point a sudden cry of rage from Canon Agro interrupted Filippo
Noto's speech, which was beginning to assume the proportions and tone
of a platform oration.

There had come in from Comitini, Agro's native village, a letter
reporting a fresh betrayal. Rosario Trigona's son had sold himself
there to Capolino's party, and was spreading the report that Roberto
Auriti had laid down his arms, was retiring from the fray, and begged
his supporters to vote for the Clerical candidate against the
Socialist Zappala.

Agro could not contain himself: without pity for the poor, half-blind
father, who was in the room with him, he heaped coals of fire upon the
wretch who had brought upon him so serious an affront, there in his
own stronghold.

Roberto Auriti made several attempts to stop him, then hastened to
console his friend, who at first had risen to his feet, horrified,
ready to fling himself upon the letter and upon Agro, then had let
himself sink heavily down on his chair, and burst out sobbing, burying
his face in his hands.

"But it's sure to be a slander, Rosario... a slander, you'll find that
it is! Your son must have acted in good faith, believing that he was
interpreting my wishes.... In fact, between the two, between Capolino
and this man Zappala, why, it is better that the votes should go to
Capolino. ... He has decided that I cannot keep up the struggle...

"No... no..." Rosario Trigona moaned between his sobs, inconsolable.
"The wretch! The wretch!"

Fortunately, they were joined by Mauro Mortara, who had gone from
Valsania to Colimbetra to arrange with the Prince for his expedition
to Rome. He knew nothing about the election. Welcomed with joy by
Marco Sala, Ceraulo, Gangi, who had not set eyes on him for years, he
thrust them all aside with his arms and almost fell on his knees
before Donna Caterina, seizing her hand and kissing it again and
again; he then embraced Roberto and bent down to kiss him on the
breast, over his heart.

"To Rome!" he said. "Have you heard? I'm coming to Rome!"

But his jubilation aroused no echo: they were all still disconcerted
and upset by Trigona's tears.

"Oh, Don Rosario!" exclaimed Mauro. "Why, what is the matter? Why?"

He looked round the circle and fastened his eyes on Canon Agro, who
appeared the most sombre and disturbed of them all.

"Nothing," Roberto interposed quickly. "A report which is sure to be
unfounded. Gentlemen, please! I am pained... pained by your distress
... far more than for myself. Do you wish to make me happy? Let us say
nothing more about it. Let bygones be bygones! That will do! You know
how fond I am of you all, and why. I do not thank you for what you
have done for me, on this occasion, because I know that, if the times
have changed, our hearts have not changed, and that you therefore
could not help doing for me what you have done. The mistake is ours,
really, my friends! And we all know it, and have known it for some
time, one in one way, another in another. And so... and so that will
do: why complain of things now? It has been an additional test, of
which I, for my part, did not feel any need.... That is all!"

Roberto Auriti was at the end of his patience. The sight of these
friends gathered round him and his mother's silence, Trigona's tears,
Agro's bitter resentment, Note's frigid pedantry had become
unendurable. He was in a hurry to write to Rome, to report the loss
of the election without delay to his mistress, to her who for so long
had lulled to sleep his aspirations and his dislikes, and with whom
he, submerged now in indifference to everything that was not related
directly and minutely to her person, lazy and forgetful, satisfied
only the brutal appetite of his senses.

In the presence of his mother's nobility, his sister's purity, he felt
himself almost instinctively obliged to conceal even from himself his
passionate thraldom to this woman who knew all his sorrows. And he
wrote to her at night, misrepresenting his own feelings, since to
remain at peace with her and to have her docile and prompt to his
wishes, he had not ventured to confess to her, before leaving Rome,
the true reason for which he was engaging in this contest, but had
given her to understand that it was to strengthen his position, by
bringing himself--as a Deputy--more into prominence. And in his first
letters he had allowed her to hope that victory was not improbable;
then gradually had left her in doubt; he had written to her finally
that the only thing which mattered to him now was that he should
return at once to her side. He went himself to the post with these
letters, whereas for all the rest of his correspondence he employed
his nephew. And yet he knew that this nephew, next day, would be
going with him to take up his university career in Rome and would be
living in his house, and would see, therefore, and know everything.
But he preferred, so long as he was there, to keep his secret. That
unkempt, angular youth was not formed, certainly, to attract anybody's
confidence. And Roberto resented the thought of having to take the boy
with him, of letting him know, and, through him, his mother and
sister, the nature of the life that he was leading in Rome. But how
was he to get out of it?

Donna Caterina, meanwhile, was asking Mauro for news of her brother
Cosmo, "that lunatic," and of Donna Sara Alaimo.

"Don't speak of them, for pity's sake!" exclaimed Mauro. "I am going
to Rome, I tell you, and I know nothing more, I don't wish to know
anything more at present!"

"My dear Mauro," Donna Caterina answered him, with a bitter smile, "if
that is how it is, shut your eyes, stop your ears tight and go back
this very instant to the country: take my advice!"


When, from the Badia Grande, the party came down to the Via Atenea,
they found themselves caught in a stream of people who were cheering
the announcement of Ignazio Capolino's election. Canon Agro's
carriage was obliged to halt. The old butler-coachman with the crooked
legs kept cracking his whip: "Hey, by your leave! Hey, by your leave!"
How could he ever have imagined that people would be wanting in
respect for his master, or that his master could shew fear? And, amid
the clamour and confusion, he did not hear the voice of the Canon who
was shouting to him:

"Turn back, Cola! Back! Go by the Via del Purgatorio!"

A hoot of derision, another, a third.... Sons of dogs! But Capolino
was still in bed, convalescent in the Prince of Laurentano's villa, at
Colimbetra, and the demonstration of rejoicing, for want of a direct
outlet, was sorely tempted to change there and then into a
demonstration of protest against Canon Agro. Fortunately, the section
leaders managed to quell the storm which threatened to burst upon the
rashly venturing carriage, showing respect not for Pompeo Agro, who
deserved none; but for the cloth, that was it, the cloth which he
disgraced. An occasional hoot, perhaps, as he drove past, would not
come amiss; then away, everyone, to the Passeggiata, to assemble
beneath Flaminio Salvo's villa!

"Viva Ignazio Capolinooo!"


"Three cheers for our new Deput-eee!"

"Vivaaa!" In the darkness of the night, heneath the faint glimmer of
the street lamps, there passed in a tumult along the narrow street
that torrent of people, who let themselves be swept on without the
slightest enthusiasm, like a bellowing herd, by the will of two or
three interested persons.

Flaminio Salvo's villa was illuminated from top to bottom, splendidly,
so that it might be visible, as a sign of triumph, from distant
Colimbetra. Inside were assembled the committee of the Party, who
went out in a body upon the great balcony with the balustrade of
marble, as soon as the roar of the demonstration reached them from the
avenue beneath.

"Viva Flaminio Salvooo!"


"Viva Ignazio Capolinooo!"


There came up to the villa a deputation from the crowd, who were
received by Salvo with his habitual frigid smile, to which the slow
stare of his eyes beneath their heavy lids gave a faintly ironical
expression. And indeed those fifteen or sixteen excited townsfolk,
newly emerging from the nameless multitude which down below in the
darkness of the avenue sounded so imposing, assuming in an instant
each his own name, his own appearance, standing there, timid,
embarrassed, hesitating, bewildered, obsequious, their hands
apparently sewn up in their sleeves, cut a sorry enough figure amid
the splendours of the magnificent drawing-room.

Flaminio Salvo expressed his gratitude to the townsfolk for this
solemn affirmation of the popular feeling; gave them the latest report
of the Hon. Capolino's condition and, in the presence of the
deputation, asked the engineer Aurelio Costa to go off at once to the
Prince's villa, to report there the result of the election and this
manifestation of joy by the entire population of Girgenti.

Whereupon one of the fifteen, swelling and reddening like a turkey
cock, went to the balcony and, between the lamps held up by a pair of
footmen, delivered an impassioned harangue to the crowd.

No one gave any thought to the discomfiture of the poor bats on the
avenue, which, dazzled by the glare, dropped from above to crawl over
the heads of the demonstrators, then, at the shouts, at the clapping
of hands, rose again in a panic, uttering shrill cries, as though
appealing for help and vengeance to the stars that twinkled merrily in
the sky. The extempore orator was saying that Capolino's election was
one of the most memorable events in the history of modern Italy; but
no one, certainly, could have got it out of the heads of those bats
that the whole town was banded together, that evening, to declare a
most unprovoked war upon themselves.

The speaker was still declaiming, when Aurelio Costa, mounted upon one
of Salvo's chestnuts, which had been hastily saddled, set off at a
gallop for Colimhetra.

Lost in the crowd, down there, was Pigna, who had drifted down to the
tail of the procession, expurgated, voided (so to speak) from its body
by a succession of violent efforts along the whole of the route.
Insolence! Oppression! He had been going about his own business, was
preparing to cross the Via Atenea, when the crowd surged round him. He
had not had time to escape, and then the people in front had thrust
him back so that they themselves might pass, and so the flood had
engulfed him. To escape, with those legs and that hunched back, had
been impossible; furious, shouting at the top of his voice, he had
begun to push in all directions with fists and feet and elbows, to
clear a space round him and make his way out; but the crowd, for the
fun of taking him along with them as a hostage, had fallen upon him,
with shouts of: "Here's Pigna! It's Pigna! Viva Pigna! Abbasso
Propaganda! No, Viva! Down with us!" and sticks had begun to fly, and
blows were exchanged. More infuriated than ever, like a boar at bay
among a pack of hounds, he had gone so far as to bite those nearest to
him; more than once, thrusting out feet and shoulders to disengage an
arm, and expecting the crowd to close up behind him, and finding
instead a space left by some one who was trying to avoid him, he had
been on the point of falling; but immediately some one else had
propelled him forward against the back of the man in front, and there,
packed tight, gasping like a fish out of water, more sticks and
buffets and jeers. And, pushing and pulling, they had tossed him from
side to side like a shuttle, ill-treating him in every possible way,
until, overpowered, he had let himself go with the crowd, but not on
his own feet, no, no! like that, carried away.... Oh, the savages! Oh,
the scoundrels! Bartered consciences! What a spectacle! Oh Girgenti,
disgrace to Sicily and to humanity! A name for scorn and derision!
All of them in the sacristy to-morrow, yes, yes, sticking together
with the sacred wafers the torn halves of five-lire notes.... Yes, up
with Capolino and up with Salvo! Up with Bacchus and up with Mammon!

And, exclaiming thus, and looking round with an air of menacing
contempt at the crowd assembled beneath Salvo's villa, he now
straightened out his battered hat, now rubbed a bruised shoulder, now
sighed or groaned, now gave a sniff of disgust; pooh, dregs of
humanity! Pooh, vile _ignoranti_!

"All right, Propaga', wait till to-morrow!" some of them shouted.
"To-morrow we shall all come and join the Fascio! To-night, we're
here: 'Viva Capolinooo!' (You mustn't believe us, you know? We're only
pretending.) 'Viva! Vivaaa!'" Was this the end of a day of battle,
this his reward for all his running to and fro since daybreak between
one polling station and another, alloting their duties to the
comrades, giving instructions, ordering the people in one place,
persuading, inciting, imploring them in another, according to
circumstances, that all the votes of the workers must be given to a
worker, their comrade, perdio! Angelo Zappala, who would defend their
interests, who would plead their cause in Parliament!

Yes, granted that this popular candidature was to be of value only as
a protest, he might after all have professed himself satisfied with
the result: yes; but only of the voting in the surrounding villages!
His heart bled, however, for the disgrace of Girgenti, the capital,
his native city! A name for scorn, for derision....


When, at length, Pigna, pounded and pummelled, with no voice left,
ready to drop with exhaustion, returned home, to the Piano di Gamez,
to swallow a mouthful of supper poisoned by bile, as he mounted the
first steps of the wooden staircase which led from the big room on the
ground floor to the room above, he found standing there in the
darkness, eagerly conversing, Celsina and Antonio Del Re.

"Hallo, you here?"

"Go upstairs, Papa!" said Celsina. "I'm just saying good-bye to him.
He leaves to-morrow."

"Oh, good-night, then," said Pigna. "I mean to say, a good journey to
you.... You're going off at once, then? I envy you, my dear fellow.
Oh, you are certain to see in Rome... what relation to you is Don
Laudino Laurentano? Of course, yes, your uncle, you told me: give him
my most humble regards, tell him that Girgenti needs him; Girgenti is
a disgrace to the Island...."

"We know all that, Papa," Celsina cut him short, tartly. "Let him talk
to me now! Go away!"

"A town of carrion!" muttered Pigna, dragging his crooked shanks
painfully upstairs. "Rascals ... _ohi ohi... ignoranti_...."

He turned the corner. Immediately the two young people were in each
other's arms again. Antonio had lost all self-control; drunken,
desperate, he could not tear himself away from her; he sought her
lips, as though his were parched with thirst, for another kiss, which
penetrated to the inmost depths of his being; another kiss,
passionate, burning, endless, in which to give her the whole of
himself and to take the whole of her, in the spasm of the most intense

"Stop," she groaned, exhausted, letting her head sink on his bosom.
But he clasped her again, more ardent; quivering more than ever; he
wanted her lips again.

"No, stop, Nino," said Celsina, recovering herself. "Stop... stop..."

She took his hands, pressed them tight; laid them upon her heaving
bosom, still holding them; went on:

"So!... Now, listen... you will see, won't you? you will try.... You
must do all you can..."


"Are you listening?"


"You're not listening! That will do, now, Nino! I've told you, that
will do. You're not listening to me...."

"Yes, I am.... I will try...."

"What will you try? Let me alone, for heaven's sake!"

"I don't know.... I will do all I can.... You know I will! Give me
another kiss...."

"No! Where will you try?"

"Why, everywhere, everywhere...."

"Yes, a post of any sort... even a humhle one... to begin with, you
understand? You know that I can.... I will make myself do anything! I
must, I must be in Rome, as soon as possible, are you listening?"

"Yes, love... love... my love!" he gasped; then gripping her arms, and
raving: "What am I to do? Oh, my Celsina.... I shall die...."

"Hush!" Celsina warned him. "I don't want them to hear you upstairs."

"Then I'm off.... I can't..."

"Yes, go,'s late! They're calling me. You'll write at once,


"Good-bye, good-bye."

But he still could not bring himself to let go her hand; he thrust his
face close to hers, asked her:

"What will you give me?"

"What do you want?" said she.

"You, all of you! Come with me, come with me!"

"If I could! This instant!"

"Oh, my love.... What will you give me?" he repeated. "Something of
your own...."

"I haven't anything, my Nino...."

"But I have something of yours, you know, that you gave me."


"Haven't you given me anything? Not even your heart, a little?"

"Ah, that...."

"And something else as well.... Don't you remember?"


"The doll...."

"Ah," smiled Celsina, "that one with the moustaches?"

"Don't laugh, don't laugh. I've rubbed them out, you know. I am taking
it with me."


"D'you know? I had it in bed with me all last night, in my arms. And I
shall always..."

"Goon! I'm not the doll, you know!"

"I know; but it is yours, it has been yours. ... Haven't your lips
kissed it?"

"Often, when I was little...."

"Very well, then...."

"Go, Nino, go. They're calling me. Good-bye. Don't forget, now. Write
to me! Good-bye!"

Another long, long kiss at the front door, and Antonio went away. He
stopped in the Piano di Gamez, where not a soul was stirring; and
gazed about him, in bewilderment; he gazed up at the motionless vault
of heaven, and felt a sense of stupefaction, as though he had passed
into a waking dream. How brightly the stars shone! He heard the
balcony window open. Celsina leaned out.

"Good-bye. Remember."

"Yes. Good-bye!"

Already she was remote; remote was her voice, remote her form; and
that little house, the front of which, clear and bright against the
misty blackness of the Piano, reflected the moon's rays, and the Piano
itself, the chattering voice of the fountain, and those narrow alleys,
crooked and dark, the whole town silent in the night, high on its
hill, beneath the stars--everything seemed to him to be henceforward
remote; he felt as though he from a distance, with infinite sadness,
with infinite pain, were contemplating his own life which remained
there, severed from himself.


When Aurelio Costa arrived at Colimbetra, Don Ippolito knew already of
Capolino's election; and was discussing it in the drawing-room with
Don Salesio Marullo and Nini De Vincentis.

The former had come hurrying from Girgenti on hearing of the result of
the duel, a most fortunate result for him; the latter, after the
encounter, at which he had been present as a second, had remained at
Colimbetra by the victim's bedside.

Uncle Salesio was listening to the Prince with an air of proud
condescension, as though he himself were responsible for Capolino's
election. And of course he was! Had he not given him his
stepdaughter's hand in marriage?

During the last five days uncle Salesio had taken a new lease of life
there, amid the splendours of Colimbetra, in which he took as much
pride as though they had been his own property. He trod the thick
carpets more on tiptoe than ever; pursed his lips at all the pretty
and valuable things he saw; at table he almost fainted with pleasure
at the sight of all that gleaming silver, or when Liborio, in a
swallow-tail coat and white gloves, handed him the choice dishes
which--it seemed to him almost impossible!--were not made of
pasteboard. And at sunset, notwithstanding his aching feet, he would
go down to the lawn and walk as far as the gate to enjoy the delight
of receiving a military salute from the sentry in his red breeches and
blue greatcoat. The sentry took an equal delight in saluting him; and
each of them, after the salute, would look at the other and smile.

Nini De Vincentis seemed not to have recovered yet from the terror
that had overpowered him when he saw Capolino sink to the ground,
wounded in the chest by Veronica's pistol, at the second round. It had
indeed been a terrible surprise to everybody, that shot. The pistols,
by a tacit understanding between the seconds, had been loaded in such
a way as not to inflict any injury, their intention being that the
actual duel should begin with the sabres. And it was a lucky thing
that the bullet, striking him without much force, had barely grazed
one of his ribs and swerved aside from his heart!

But it was not only this terrifying memory that kept poor Nini still
so crushed and helpless; Nicoletta Capolino had given him plainly to
understand that Dianella Salvo was not and never would be his, even if
her father had not met his suit with so curt a refusal.

After spending the first night by her husband's bedside,
notwithstanding the doctors' assurances that all danger had
fortunately been averted, Nicoletta had persuaded herself that it no
longer behoved her to play the despairing wife, as she had done at
Valsania when the news came that "her Gnazio" was wounded. And she had
begun to alternate her loving and diligent attention to her poor
wounded "paladin" with a skilful endeavour to remain there at
Colimbetra, in Don Ippolito Laurentano's memory, as a most charming

Ah, if only, instead of that walrus Adelaide Salvo, it had been
herself that was presently to become the queen of this little realm!
She felt that all the good qualities with which nature had intended to
endow her and which her destiny had chosen to suppress and stifle in
her would have revived spontaneously and in time have gained the upper
hand in her; that she would have managed to bring happiness to the
last years of that proud, magnificently handsome old man, still so
fresh and vigorous!

She guessed how bitter had been his disappointment at the sight of his
future bride; but knew also that no seductive art would prevail over
such a man, who had made a sort of religion of loyalty to his plighted
word. Not a vestige of coquetry, therefore, must she shew, but must
vie with him in compliments and courtesies, during those days, without
the least affectation. And what words in season to Uncle Salesio, who
would not understand that there was no longer any reason at all for
his remaining at Colimbetra. He knew his place, and kept it,
quite--rather too much so, indeed--did Uncle Salesio; and yet... and

And for her unrealizable dream; for her longing for a virtuous life;
for the incubus which was the sight of her step-father, so polite and
so preposterous, for the disgust she now felt at her long
and hateful pretence of affection for that husband, that worthy
companion of her own baser self, Nicoletta took her revenge in
tormenting Nini De Vincentis, especially in the evenings, on the
marble terrace, built out upon the columns of the porch, by speaking
to him of Dianella Salvo.

She took a delight in wounding him, knowing that no affliction, no
injustice, could--let alone making that uncorrupt and incorruptible
young man do anything wrong--provoke a bitter word from his lips, so
much was he the slave of his own goodness and resigned to it!

She spoke to him mysteriously, in broken sentences, as though not to
saturate him, at any one time, with his own grief.

Nini was anxious to know on what grounds she had told him that
Dianella Salvo would never be his, even if her father had given his
consent. "Why? Ah, dear Nini.... There is a reason, a reason that is
painful to others besides yourself!"

"What reason?"

"I cannot tell you."

"But to whom else is it painful?"

"To me too, Nini!"

"To you?" asked Nini in amazement.

And she, smiling:

"Certainly... certainly.... You don't see it; and yet there is, there
really is a connexion between myself and you and... her. What
connexion? What can I have in common with you? And yet there is
something, dear Nini... there is, there is.... You and I are joined by
something. It seems impossible, doesn't it? And yet, believe me, we
are joined...."

Nini was left to ponder over this mysterious reason, and felt his
heart sink within him.

When Aurelio Costa, ushered by Liborio, entered the drawing-room,
Nicoletta was with her husband; but she came in presently and felt an
exquisite pleasure in letting herself be seen by him there, in that
princely mansion, amid the deference and respect of all the household.
Don Ippolito hastened to inform her of the popular demonstration.

"He's resting just now," she said. "I'm afraid of exciting him....
But, if they want..."

"No, no," the Prince at once assured her. "We shall find an
opportunity of letting him know to-morrow...."

"On the contrary, I am sure Don Flaminio," put in Aurelio Costa, "sent
me galloping out here, at this time of night, so that he might let the
electors know then and there that the Honourable Capolino and the
Prince would at once be informed of the demonstration."

"I am sorry for your sake, Ingegnere," said Nicoletta, "that you have
had such a journey. ..."

"Not at all!" Costa at once cut her short. "Indeed, it's been a

"Especially as, I don't mind betting," put in Uncle Salesio, "this is
the first time you were ever at Colimbetra, eh? A marvellous abode, my
dear. Ingegnere, marvellous! A regular earthly paradise!"

The Prince smiled, made a slight bow, and invited Aurelio Costa to
stay to supper.

That evening, Nini De Vincentis was left in peace by Nicoletta; but he
was not in the least grateful to her. He had grown to enjoy being

But Nicoletta had Aurelio Costa to consider. And she meant to bewitch
him properly, that evening; she meant him to interpret, in his own
mind, all her coaxings and glances and smiles as a compensation for
the thankless task set him by Flaminio Salvo, to wit, that of coming
out there to tell them of her husband's triumph; and she meant that in
this compensation which she was giving him, he should detect a note of
resentment against Salvo himself who, though well aware of his
sentiments, had dispatched him there like a servant. Did he regard
everybody as his purchased slave? It might come to pass, nevertheless,
that these slaves, in the end, under such provocation, would accept
the challenge and come to a mutual understanding! Had they not some
such understanding already? Was there not already an agreement, a
secret pact between them?

And Nicoletta Capolino's eyes, fastened upon his, now blazed out
ardent and excited, now languished, misty and disturbed, as though
promising an intense, profound pleasure in store. A slave, in common
slavery with her! They would be avenged upon all the old men who
sought to keep their two young selves enslaved! For her sake, from now
onwards, he would cherish his servile state; and would think no more
of becoming his own master, even if Dianella Salvo should openly
reveal her love to him. A slave, in common slavery with her!

Aurelio Costa was really like a drunken man, his face radiant with joy
and gratitude to the lady, when, late in the evening, he left

He did not know what to think. The blood pulsed in his veins, and sang
in his ears. Was she playful like that with everyone, naturally or by
acquired hahit, or was it for him alone that she had shaped those
smiles, perfected those glances and coaxing attentions? Ought he to
wonder or to feel certain of it? And if certain, why had this woman
thus suddenly made up her mind to tempt him, to provoke him, to love
him, after receiving his honourable offer of marriage, years before,
with a curt and contemptuous refusal? Had she repented? Weary,
sickened by the infamous part that her husband had assigned to
her, had she decided to rebel and to be avenged, choosing as her
weapon of vengeance the man who honourably, once upon a time, had
wished to make her his own, and whom she had then maltreated and
perhaps laughed to scorn? Did she wish now to give him this revenge
over the man for whom she had refused him then? Or was she seeking to
lay a snare for him?

This suspicion, crude and unworthy as it might appear to him at that
moment, had nevertheless worked its way into his mind among the welter
of possible theories. He was incapable of any great respect for her.

But what sort of snare? To make him fall in love, lose his head, to
the point of arousing Flaminio Salvo's jealousy and so bringing about
his own dismissal? But had he not told her that he would be
sacrificing nothing, now, were he to leave Salvo? Besides, what
interest could she have in banishing him? How was his presence
offensive to her? Did he remind her, in her present misery, of the
past? But when it had been she herself who, by that strong, intimate
pressure of his hand, had chosen to remind him of that past, so as to
sweep away its shadow from between them? And she had seemed to him
sincere! Yes, frank and sincere! And how beautiful she was! What a
fascination radiated from her whole person! Oh, to be loved by her....

Coming to Flaminio Salvo's villa, now silent and dark, Aurelio Costa
put his horse in the stable, and went up to the study, where Salvo was
waiting for him. Salvo at once perceived the emotion, the unusual
animation on the face and in the speech of the young man, as he
apologized for his lateness on the ground that he had been kept to
supper by the Prince. As he listened to him, Salvo scrutinized him
closely; and--when Aurelio lowered his eyes--accentuated slightly his
habitual smile, letting it play over every line of his face, which a
trace of fatigue, that evening, made flabbier than usual.

"I expected it," he said, caressing his side-whiskers.

"I thought that..." Aurelio attempted to interpose.

"Why, yes, you were quite right," Salvo at once cut him short. "What a
fine colour you've brought back with, you! It must be good for one, a
ride in the country at this time of night.... A beautiful evening! In
here, it's stifling.... When you are an old man you will

"I?" asked Aurelio, tempted to smile by the affectionate tone in which
Salvo addressed him, albeit the words themselves, after his reflexions
on his homeward ride, filled him with suspicion. "Why?"

"No... I mean to say, perhaps..." Salvo went on, with a vague wave of
his hand. "Of course, you are accustomed to that sort of thing. ...
Day and night, always on the go.... A busy life, yours! But perhaps
this has been a special occasion. When we are old, there come back to
us, in flashes, memories, distant visions of ourselves as we were at
certain moments... and we don't even know why one particular moment
and not another has remained stamped on our memory, and suddenly
detaches itself and strays to the surface. There was perhaps a more
comprehensive memory, of a whole period in our life. It has faded. A
single incident is all that remains alive, a single moment, an
instant.... And you will see yourself again on horseback, on a calm,
exquisite night, with stars shining... and you will try in vain,
perhaps, to recollect what thoughts you had in your mind on that
occasion, what feelings were in your heart...."

"But that can happen without our being old," observed Aurelio.

"It is not the same thing," replied Salvo. "You will find that out for

And he sat for a while with his eyes motionless, fixed in an unseeing

There was certainly something strange about Salvo too, that evening,
and even Aurelio noticed it, as though, during his absence, the other,
left alone there in his austere study, had been plunged in thoughts
which had bred in him an unaccustomed melancholy. What thoughts? He
had evidently been sitting with his elbows on the writing table and
his head in his hands, since on his head, which was bald at the top,
the few remaining grey hairs on his brow, which he wore parted in the
middle and trimmed short, had become disarranged.

Aurelio knew that this imperious spirit was at heart profoundly
melancholy, and that Salvo's harsh manner, his violent resentments
were no more than instantaneous eruptions of that inveterate, hidden,
repressed, inconsolable melancholy. But why had he succumbed so to it
on this evening of all evenings, when he should have been rejoicing in
his victory?

"All well out there?" asked Salvo, shaking off his abstraction. "Did
you see him?"

"No," answered Aurelio, dissembling his embarrassment and confusion,
which were perhaps visible on his face, with the fear of having failed
in part of his duty; he added, however, by way of excuse, blushing as
he spoke: "Because the Signora said he was resting...."

"On his laurels, eh?" Salvo capped it, then, tilting his chin and
smiling openly, asked: "And... tell me, is she... the Signora...

Aurelio waved his hands, and, as though the point had not occurred to
him, replied: "She didn't seem to be. Why?"

"She ought to be pleased," Salvo went on. "She is going to Rome...."

"Yes, now that her husband..."

"In Parliament, in Parliament," Salvo took him up, tossing his head.
"It had to be! In Parliament."

With which he rose from his chair.

"You see, my dear fellow, what are our unpardonable faults? And then
we complain of our lot! In a moment such as this, with an enterprise
such as we have been considering, which has already cost us so much in
hard work, has already exposed me to such risks, I have made them
elect Capolino to Parliament. The very man I needed here, on the
spot, wouldn't you say? To talk big in Rome, when the time comes, at
the Ministry of Industry and Commerce.... But it had to be. You will
find that Ignazio gets on splendidly in Rome: it is the right place
for him. Here, he was in my way.... A clean sweep, a clean sweep. ...
Should the need arise, I can go myself to Rome, to talk to the
Minister. First of all, though, they must all sign an agreement here,
all the producers of sulphur, great and small, I want them all in;
with the stipulation that they consent to restrict their output, if
necessary, and to store all their sulphur in common warehouses.
Otherwise, nothing doing. I am risking my capital for the salvation of
Sicilian industry. I am entitled to insist upon the adhesion and
co-operation of all the interested parties, and upon some slight
sacrifice, if necessary. In the meantime, whereas here we are
seriously considering how to improve the present desperate state of
affairs, have you heard about Grotte? They want to enforce the will of
the majority.... Idiots! Enforce it upon whom, and why?... The people
who have, to-day, are worse ruined than those who have not! The
majority. ... What force can a majority have? Brute force; it can
deal you a blow; but the avalanche, when it reaches the ground,
crumbles into fragments at the same time. Oh, how sickening they are,
how sickening! Take them singly, they are afraid, you understand; and
so they gather a thousand strong to take a step which they could not
take each by himself; take them singly, they have not a thought among
them; and a thousand empty heads, crowded together, imagine that they
have, and fail to observe that it is the thought of the madman or
mischief-maker who is leading them. So much for them. And here? Here
we have another spectacle, more sickening still. I am perhaps growing
old, Aurelio."

"You?" the other asked, with a smile.

"I am growing old, yes," went on Salvo. "I am losing the desire to
command. What has destroyed it is the servility that I discover in
everyone. Men are what I want, men! I see round about me automata,
puppets, mannikins, which I have to pose in one attitude or another,
and which remain paralysed, as though to mock at me, in the attitudes
I have put them in, until I give them a cuff that sends them flying.
Outwardly, though, you understand; it is only outwardly that they
allow themselves to be posed! Inside... ah, inside they remain hard,
with their covert, hostile thoughts, alive only to themselves. What
can you do with them? Docile outwardly, mild, malleable, with smiling
faces, obsequious, they approve of everything you do. Oh, how
revolting it all is! I should like to know why I am losing my temper
like this; why and for whose sake I am doing it.... To-morrow I die. I
have had command of men! Yes, indeed: I have allotted his part to this
man and to that, to hundreds who can never have seen anything more in
me than the part that I represent to them. And of all that other life,
the life of affections and ideas, that stirs within me, nobody has
ever had the remotest suspicion.... With whom would you have me
discuss it? It is outside the part that I am expected to play.... Now
and again, when somebody comes here to see me, to make me angry, I
amuse myself by giving him a searching glance, a glance that
penetrates his mask, and I see him, then, for an instant, caught and
exposed before me, awkward and embarrassed; heaven knows the effort I
have to make not to burst out laughing in his face. He would think I
had gone mad, at the very least. Even you, my dear fellow, if you
could see how you are staring at me at this moment..."

"I, no!" Aurelio at once protested, starting back.

Flaminio Salvo shook his head and laughed:

"You too, you too.... It is so; it is bound to be so.... How can I
tell you what I should really like you to do? The pleasure that you
would give me, were you to act as I perhaps should act in your place?"

"Why not?" Aurelio asked, rising to his feet. "Tell me...."

"Why not?" Salvo was quick to reply, shrugging his shoulders. "Because
I cannot.... Can you tell me what you are thinking, what you are
feeling, what sort of life you have within you at this moment?... You
cannot.... You stand before me in such relations as there may be
between yourself and me: you are my engineer, my dear son, whom I
love, to whom this evening, before a score of marionettes, I gave
instructions to ride over to Colimbetra, a messenger of triumph: and
that is all! What else could I have to say to you? Only this, perhaps,
for your good..."

Flaminio Salvo laid his hand on Aurelio's shoulder:

"Never trace out paths to follow, my boy; nor habits, nor duties; go
ahead, always keep moving; shake off every fresh incrustation of
ideas; seek your own pleasure, and do not fear the judgment of other
people, or your own either, which may seem right to you to-day and
wrong to-morrow. You've met Don Cosmo Laurentano? If you only knew
how wise that madman is! Go along now, it is late; time we were in
bed. Good night."

As he walked down the Viale della Passeggiata, under the dripping
trees, in the vast stillness of the night, Aurelio Costa had the
impression of being no longer able to find himself in himself, and
stopped as though in search of what was missing.

The thoughts that had been agitating him as to his own future, in
connexion with this colossal scheme of Salvo's; the provoking smiles,
the words, the attentions of Nicoletta Capolino, out there at
Colimbetra; and here, just now, Salvo's melancholy, tortuous, puzzling
speech seemed to have divided his spirit piecemeal. Part of it had
remained out there at Colimbetra; the rest here in the villa,
bewildered, disturbed, made suspicious, stunned by Salvo's words. So
Nicoletta would be going to Rome? What then? But how was this? Had
Salvo wished to be rid of Capolino? Yes, he had said so distinctly: "A
clean sweep." Had he been alluding perhaps to her? There had been a
certain irony in the question that he put to him: "Is the Signora
pleased?" Had he wished to banish her too from his house? Or was it
perhaps she that had rebelled against him? Was this why he was so
melancholy, in so unusual a frame of mind? And what did Salvo want
with him? What meaning was he to extract from the strange things that
Salvo had said to him? "How can I tell you the pleasure that you would
give me, were you to act as I perhaps should act in your place?" What
pleasure? What had he meant by that? A secret, unconfessable desire?
Or had he been speaking generally? He had complained that he was
surrounded by automata, puppets.... And those final words of

Try as he might, he could find no solution. And then, as though
leaving outside him, to stray where they would, thoughts and doubts
and suspicions, he withdrew into the safe shell of his own
consciousness, of the opinion, modest, calm and solid, that he held of

By the mere accident of his having, once upon a time, almost without
thinking, plucked Salvo from the jaws of death, he had been brought up
to an enviable position, of which, with his exceptional natural gifts,
and his determination to succeed, he had managed to render himself
worthy. The extent of his good fortune, which everyone admitted to he
deserved, the exaggerated reports of the honours he had won in his
classes, in examinations, in his profession, had meanwhile given him
an importance which he himself admitted to be excessive, and which
proved at times embarrassing. The manner in which he found himself
received and treated, the things that people were saying about him,
were a continual proof to him that he was to others something more
than to himself, a different Aurelio Costa, whom he himself barely
recognized, of whom he could form no clear estimate; he always
remained, therefore, in the company of other people, in an agonized
state of mind, in a strange confused apprehension that he was falling
short of their expectations, failing to live up to his reputation. He
knew how to keep in his place, but would have preferred to remain in
it quiet and secure; whereas he felt that other people, he having
started to rise when a mere boy, were still pointing to a higher
position as though it were his by right, and were urging him on, and
refusing to leave him alone. It was not timidity on his part; it was
an awkward reserve, which often irritated him with other people or
with himself, a perpetual alarm, lest some shortcoming might be
discovered in him, were he to stray ever so little beyond the field of
his own knowledge, in which he felt himself to be secure; from the
corner in which he could stand firm, at which he had arrived by his
own practical merit. His irritation with himself arose also from his
seeing that so many men, whom he himself regarded as his inferiors in
every respect, managed to forge ahead without effort, and were allowed
to pass; whereas he, regarded by everyone as superior even to the
conception that he had formed of himself, he lagged behind, and, were
he thrust forward, often felt himself embarrassed in his movements, in
his speech, and blushed at times like a girl.

To-night, Aurelio Costa was more conscious than ever of that feeling
of unaccountable annoyance that was always caused him by his own
shadow, as it stretched out before him, growing longer and thinner the
farther he went from each of the lighted lamps which kept a lugubrious
watch over the sleeping town, after the clamour of the popular

Half way along the deserted Via Atenea, he caught sight of Roberto
Auriti, by himself; he turned to gaze at him with profound sorrow, and
followed him with his eyes, until he saw him turn aside into one of
the steep alleys on the left, which led up to the Badia Grande.


There was no going to bed that night at Donna Caterina Laurentano's,
since Roberto and his nephew had to set off in the dark, at four
o'clock in the morning.

Anna Del Re was busy with a labour of love, making the final
preparations for her son's departure. What an agony, for her, this

Her whole world, her whole life, for years past, had been concentrated
in love and care for this sole treasure. How was she to go on living,
now, without him? She wept silent tears.

She had brought him up, had guarded him with her heart and soul, never
heeding the reproaches of her mother, who was afraid of her spoiling
him. Spoil him, indeed! No, no! She had been so worried and
tormented, when she saw him grow up cold and sullen, always and
entirely self-absorbed, and had endeavoured by her manner towards him,
by her ever vigilant care, to thaw him (that was all!) with a mother's
love, to make him more expansive and confiding.

She did not know what it was in his nature that kept him aloof from
the companionship even of boys of his own age. A hard worker, indeed
he had worked too hard, until his health was affected; and when he was
not working, he would sit closely wrapped in certain thoughts which
made his brows more bushy, his eyes harder and more repellent behind
his powerful glasses.

"Good heavens, Ninuccio, if you could only see what a face you're

He would reply with a shrug of the shoulders.

Perhaps he was distressed, her Ninuccio, by the family's straitened
circumstances, perhaps he was thinking that his grandmother, even
without any derogation from her dignity, from her sentiments, might
have been a rich woman. Too sunless, certainly, had his childhood and
boyhood been made by the dark shadow of all those tragedies in that
huge old house, always shrouded in silence, into which the sun, when
it did penetrate, never seemed to bring either light or heat.

What a house! She noticed it herself that night, imagining the
melancholy aspect it would present to her on the morrow! The furniture
worm-eaten, the ceilings grimy, the floors crumbling, the window
frames warped and paint-less, the wall paper in all the rooms
faded.... And yet it was constantly cared for and cleaned and put to
rights; it seemed as though it too were in some dim way conscious of
the misery of life. Corrado Selmi was right; he had accurately
interpreted her own secret feeling.... Resigned long since to her own
fate, she would have wished, if not for herself at any rate for this
son of hers, that at length some smile of peace, even a sad smile,
should lighten a little the burden, the incubus of those painful
memories, that dark rancour against life, the mute, despairing
bitterness of her mother.

Calm, not peace! The soul of Donna Caterina Laurentano could know no

Perhaps because she no longer believed in anything? She herself,
Anna, did believe, she believed fervently in God, albeit without
keeping up any of the practices of religion. The women of the
neighbourhood never saw her go out to mass, like her mother; and yet
they made a distinction between the two, guessed that the "young lady"
was religious and, when they caught an occasional glimpse of her, so
beautiful and meek, always dressed in black, would point their fingers
at her as at a Saint.

Anna's thoughts turned principally upon the new life, the strange
customs among which her son would presently find himself, in her
brother's house in Rome. She had not the least doubt that her brother
would look after his nephew with the most loving care; but the woman
he had with him? Her family? All the people who came to Roberto's
house? That Corrado Selmi, who, with his strange fascination, had
succeeded in disturbing even her equanimity? Who could tell what
effect he would have upon her Ninuccio, who had spent all his life
here, cooped up with his grandmother and herself!

They had, both of them, spoken frequently and volubly, with
bitterness, of their Roberto's wasted life, of the irregular connexion
that he had formed, going by the reports that had reached them from
Giulio, the younger brother; reports that were distinctly vague, for
Giulio, who had always lived in Rome, had lost all family feeling and
tradition, had ceased even to resemble a Sicilian; and was inclined,
perhaps, to make excuses for his elder brother; certainly he attached
no weight, no importance to all manner of things, at which her mother
and she could barely repress their horror.

She was a teacher of singing, the wife of a tenor who had lost his
voice, Roberto's mistress. And Giulio had said, with a laugh, that
this tenor, a worthy fellow, sat down every day at Roberto's table and
then retired for the night to the house of his wife's brother, who
kept a sort of college, a private _conservatorio_, in which the lady
taught singing and her husband filled no less a post than that of
censor. Roberto was a sort of boarder in this house where now and
again, in their more prosperous seasons, another lodger or two were
taken in, for whom there was no room in the brother's college.

So it was with people like these that her son would shortly be coming
in contact.

More than once Anna had sought to persuade her mother to suggest to
Roberto the removal of the family to Rome. They would sell this house,
which had harboured so many tragedies, and would make shift to live as
best they might in Rome, by themselves of course to begin with, by
themselves or with Giulio only. Then possibly, by slow degrees, in
time, their mother might succeed in detaching Roberto from his
companions.... Would it not also be an economy, to combine three
households in one? And to have the whole family under one roof....

"Dreams!" her mother had said. And she had refused even to discuss the

She knew that neither would Giulio wish to forfeit his personal
freedom, nor would Roberto be able to free himself from his thraldom
to that woman. She herself, moreover, at her age, would not be able to
stand so radical a change of life and habits.

"Dreams! Dreams! When I die, and Nino is grown up, you can go with
him.... He will be responsible for giving you a new life."

"But in the meantime!" sighed Anna, looking at her son where he sat in
the other room, listening to the conversation of his grandmother and
uncle, his hand buried in his hair, his elbow resting on the table,
beneath the lamp that hung from the ceiling.

He showed no sign either of regret at the prospect of leaving her for
about a year, or of joy at that of going to Rome.

Always the same! Once only, at the beginning of the previous year,
infatuated by a discovery which he thought he had made, a special
device of his own for extracting (he said) the electrical energy from
the waves of the sea (there had come, that year, to the Technical
Institute an excellent professor of physics, who had succeeded in
arousing an enthusiasm for that science in all his pupils), he had
talked to her with genuine warmth, trying to induce her to prevail
upon her mother to ask for a loan of a few thousand lire--not from the
"Bourbon uncle," no, indeed!--but from uncle Cosmo: one thousand lire
on loan, to construct as best he might the apparatus required for the
experiments which he would make out there, at Valsania, upon the

Poor boy! She had quickly damped his ardour. His grandmother? Ask her
brothers for money? Didn't he know her?

He had at once shut himself up again in his husk of silence, and had
refused even to give her a description of his famous discovery. There
might have been something in it; who could say? Perhaps it was only a
boyish illusion! Anyhow, all that year, he had continued his
passionate study of the science, and now, when he went to Rome,
proposed to devote himself to it entirely.

Other affections--youthful as he was--other interests, other desires
he did not appear to have.

"Ninuccio," she called. She had finished packing his portmanteau, and
required his help in shutting it. He came in at once.

"Too full?" she asked. "You would have all these books in here....
Wouldn't it be better to take them out and put them with the others in
the case? We can send them after you to-morrow."

"I shall take the case with me," he said. "I don't trust it out of my
sight. Heaven knows when it would reach me...."

"But it will be too much weight for you, my boy, don't you think?
Impossible.... Don't worry about it, you shall have it in a few days.
I shall see to that...."

"In that case leave the books here, in the portmanteau. Shall I shut

"Your grandmother hasn't said anything to uncle Roberto in there?" she
asked, alluding to her proposal.

"Nothing," her son replied.

"I realize too," sighed Anna, "that it is hardly possible. I should
have liked it for your sake. ... Mah! Ninuccio dear, listen: you must
write and tell me everything, always... if there is anything you
want... how you are keeping... if you are well.... Everything! I
shall be glad of a few lines even.... But not your first letters, you
know. Your first letters must be long ones.... I want to know
everything! And remember, Ninuccio... you must be a little more tidy!
You will put away all your linen neatly in the drawers.... Don't leave
it about as you do here! Uncle Roberto is a very tidy person, you
know.... You must be tidy too! And that is all I am going to say to
you.... I know you will do your duty and please your mother and
grand-mother who will be left here... alone.... That is all.... It
will soon be time...."

They went into the dining-room, where the grandmother and Roberto were
seated side by side on the sofa.

"You will live to see it," Donna Caterina was saying. "I should like
first to close these tired eyes of mine for ever. But it may perhaps
fall to my lot too to behold this sight, if I am to make a good end.
There will be some, I don't deny it, who do evil deliberately; but the
soil has been prepared for years for an evil sowing. You live in Rome
and neither hear nor see. I wish I were mistaken! But I am not."

She lifted her head to look at her daughter and grandson, saw the
tears in Anna's eyes, and ex-claimed, raising her arm:

"Let him go, let him leave us! Air! Fresh air! He will be able to
breathe.... Break through your shell, my boy; and let us stay here, to
wait; for manna from heaven! In Sixty, dear Roberto, do you know what
we were doing here? We were melting our souls in little saucers, like
pieces of soap; the Government sent us down a straw each, as a
present; and then we, poor fools that we were, set to work to blow
into our soapy water, and oh, the bubbles, the bubbles, each one
prettier and more iridescent than the last! But then the people began
to gape with hunger, and when they gaped, pop went all those wonderful
bubbles, one after another, and ended, my son, if you will pardon the
expression, in drops of spittle. ... That is the truth!"

The maid came in to say that the carriage was at the door, and that
the driver, who was behind his time, urged them to hurry. It took
about half an hour to drive from Girgenti to the railway station in
Val Sellano.

Anna, candle in hand, on the doorstep, by her mother's side, stood as
though overcome, unsatisfied by that last hurried embrace of her son,
as he ran with his uncle down the steps of the precipitous alley, in a
darkness that was still unbroken.

"My son! My son!" she moaned to herself.

"You will see Ninuccio again," her mother said to her gently. "Shall I
see Roberto? Who knows?"

They heard in the profound silence the rumble of the departing wheels.
And Anna raised her eyes filled with tears to the sky, in which the
stars, for her, were keeping a solemn vigil.






SEATED at the large writing table, on which lay open, scattered all
round him, reports and prospectuses bristling with figures, the
secretary was waiting for H.E. the Minister to remember that he had
not finished dictating.

This was the third night in succession that Cav. Cao--not that he
minded work, oh dear no! still, after all, a whole day spent drudging
away at the Ministry; then in the evening, here, in His Excellency's
palazzo; and one, two, three--why, at this rate, they would never get
to the end of this financial statement, which, for all that, would
have to be read to the Chamber of Deputies in a few days' time.

He could stand it no longer! It was not so much his physical
exhaustion, however, that made this work an intolerable burden, as the
distress that he had felt for some time past at the sight of that
revered chief, for whom he still felt a deep and sincere affection, if
not the admiration of earlier days.

Ah, that admiration!... Cav. Cao had seen so many things in his time,
at first from a distance; others he now beheld at closer range! Still,
to give the devil his due, a man does not, cannot live for seventy
years and more, and perform none hut heroic actions. He must,
inevitably, do some foolish things, big or little. And with one one
day, another the next, they draw out in time....

So thinking, Cav. Cao drew out a stray hair from his moustache, of
unnatural length. Per-bacco! It reached to the top of his head.... A
single hair. Black.

To distract his attention from the weariness, the boredom of waiting,
he set his fancy to work. A pair of His Excellency's spectacles,
lying there on the table, were transformed into twin lakes; a brush
for wiping pens, into a dense grove of evergreen oaks; the surface of
the table, where it was cleared of litter, a boundless plain, over
which primitive, nomadic tribes might be imagined as roaming.

His Excellency was pacing the floor of the study, with bent head and
bowed shoulders, his hands clasped behind his back. And Cav. Cao,
raising his eyes to look at him, with the image of that penwiper still
imprinted on his retina, was reminded that His Excellency had hair on
his back. A hairy back and a hairy chest. He had seen him one day in
his bath. He had looked just like a bear.

Ah, how many things, how many absurd peculiarities had he not
discovered in the person of His Excellency, now that his early
admiration of him had died! The nape of his neck, for instance, so
thick and smooth and glossy, and all those little black spots that
stippled his nose, and those eyebrows, running _so_, and _so_, like a
pair of commas. Even in his eyes, those eyes that at one time had so
overawed him, he had discovered certain curious little flecks, that
seemed to puncture their green pupils.

How true it was: _minuit praesentia famam_! And Cav. Cao was
astounded and at the same time saddened by the discovery that he could
now see in this light the man who in other days had positively dazzled
him, in the heat of his enthusiasm for the heroic deeds that were
recounted of him, as a Garibaldino, and for the memorable political
contests in which he had afterwards so strenuously fought.

Mah! Nowadays Francesco D'Atri thought only of timidly staining, with
a canary yellow dye, the few hairs that still clung to his scalp and
his sweeping beard which would have looked so well, if left white.

He himself also, it must be admitted, Cav. Cao, for the last year or
so, had begun, just a little... only his moustaches. But simply so as
not to have them partly white and partly black. That annoyed him. And
besides, for him the dye he used would never produce the terrible
consequences it had produced in the case of His Excellency. Moreover,
although he was not yet fort... ah, yes, he had turned forty, three
days ago: very well, forty, then: he would never marry. Whereas
Francesco D'Atri had married, _at sixty-seven_; and a young wife, to

An. unmistakable sign of softening of the brain.

So that finished him off, eh? Time to put him on the shelf (life has
its hard and fast rules!)--on the shelf, without consideration or
pity. Pity, at the most, he, personally, might feel for him, because
he was fond of him, because he could see that he was suffering agony,
in silence, for the enormous mistake he had made; but he felt contempt
as well, aye, the bitterest contempt for the submissive attitude he
saw him adopt towards that wife who, almost from the day of their
wedding, had set to work to make a public holocaust of his honour.

All, or almost all of them had married late and ill, those fine heroes
of the Revolution. Oh, in their young days, one knew, they had
something very different to think of! They might fall in love, yes...
_la bella Gigogin_... a kiss, and:

 Farewell, dear heart, farewell,
 The Army's on the march....

After all, when you came to think of it, there was nothing that they
had managed to do at the right time and well, neither their studies
nor anything else.... In conspiracy, on the battlefield they had been
in their element; in peace time, now, they were a little like fish out
of water. In the public eye, and without any definite position;
elderly, and without a family growing up round them.... They were
bound, alas, to do late and ill all the silly things they had not had
time to do in their youth, when their years would have been some
excuse for them. And then, too...

Cav. Cao, at this stage, shook himself as though a shudder had run
along his spine. For some days past he had been positively appalled by
the gravity and tragedy of the situation.

Every night and every morning, the newsvendors were shouting through
the streets of Borne the name of one or another Deputy in the National
Parliament, coupled with the raucous announcement now of a fraud, now
of a secret commission from one or another of the Banks.

In certain crucial moments, every conscientious man, who scorns to run
with the herd, does what? He collects his thoughts; ponders the
issue; takes one side or the other according to his own convictions,
and sticks to it.

Well, this was what Cav. Cao had done. He had taken the side of the
slandered party, and was sticking to it.

He could not, all the same, deny in his own mind that he was really
enjoying the enormous scandal. He was enjoying it above all
because--carried away by the part he had to play--he found himself
endowed in these days with a mastery of words, a verbal fecundity
which so to speak inebriated him, a stock of phrases, winged and
scornful phrases, which seemed to him marvellous in their efficacy and
filled him with stupefaction and wonder.

Why yes, indeed: the skies of Italy, in these days, were raining down
mud, and people were rolling it into balls and throwing them; and the
mud was sticking everywhere, on the pale, distorted faces of assailed
and assailants, on the medals won in the past on fields of battle
(these, at least, ought surely to have been held sacred!) and on
crosses and orders and gold-laced coats and on the door-plates of
Government and newspaper offices.

It rained torrents of mud; and it seemed as though all the sewers of
the city had overflowed, and the new national existence of the third
Rome must be swamped in that turbid, fetid flood of mire, over which
hovered screaming--black birds of prey--calumny and suspicion.

Beneath the ashen sky, in the thick, smoky atmosphere, while, like
gibbous moons in the raw twilight, the electric street-lamps
spluttered into flame, and, jostling one another with their umbrellas,
amid the incessant drizzle of a slow falling rain, the crowd pressed
close about him, Cav. Cao saw in these days every street corner
become a pillory; an executioner, every mud-spattered newsvendor, who
brandished like an axe his grimy sheet, spawned in the dens of
blackmail, and spewed forth ohscenely the vilest accusations. And no
policeman thought of stopping their mouths! But, of course, the facts
themselves were shouting more obscenely still.

A man of disciplined mind, Cav. Cao would fain have defended the
Government at all costs against the charge of a shameful complicity of
Ministers with the Banks and the Stock Exchange, through the Press and
Parliament. He declined to believe that the Banks had subsidized the
Government for electoral ends, and for other, baser, secret ends; and
that, rewarding favour with favour, the Government had introduced
measures which were privileges for the Banks, and had defended the
miscreants, nominating them to Orders of Knighthood and to the Senate.
But he could not deny that credit had been given to certain favoured
politicians, who in Parliament and through the Press had fought to the
profit of the fraudulent Banks, betraying the good faith of the
country; and that these fortunate persons had tried to conceal facts
that were already known or might be guessed; and that, now that
charges were flying, they were prepared to strike, but with the hope
that the destruction of the weaker vessels might enable the stronger
to escape scot free. Certainly, the anger of the country at seeing so
bespattered with mud various public characters who in the brave days
of the heroic Liberation had given the strength of their arms to the
country was now fiercely turning upon the glory of the Eevolution
itself, was discovering mudstains even there; and Cav. Cao felt his
heart bleed. This was the bank-ruptcy of patriotism, perdio!

And he raged against certain showers of abuse which were being
concentrated, at this time, from the whole of Italy upon Rome,
represented as a putrid carcass.

In a Neapolitan paper he had read that all strength was enfeebled by
contact with the monstrous Corpse; all enthusiasm cooled; and every
virtue corrupted. Better, better far the days when it lived upon
indulgences and jubilees, letting rooms to pilgrims, selling blessed
rosaries and images to the devout!

Cav. Cao trembled, because the Clericals, naturally, were exultant.

Accompanying His Excellency, now and again, to Montecitorio, he saw in
the corridors and rooms all the Deputies, young and old, novices and
veterans, friends or opponents of the Government, enveloped in a cloud
of distrust and suspicion. It seemed to him that they all felt
themselves spied upon, watched; that some of them laughed, in
ostentation, while others, dismayed by the colour of their cheeks,
pretended to be burying their heads in some absorbing book. For some
of them, notwithstanding the cold weather outside, the furnaces were
not properly regulated: too hot! too hot! too hot! Who could tell in
how many consciences lurked the terror lest, at any moment, the eye of
an examining magistrate might penetrate, to search and probe them,
armed with the cruellest of glasses.

It had struck Cav. Cao, that afternoon, that certain Deputies, engaged
in animated discussion in one of the rooms, had suddenly broken off
their conversation when they saw His Excellency D'Atri pass. He had
stopped for a moment to stare at them, frowning, and had heard one of
these Deputies, who had at once turned his back on him, clearly
repeat, several times, in an undertone but with a ringing accent and
all the force of scorn, the name of Corrado Selmi, which at that time
was on every tongue.

Cav. Cao knew very well that no one would have dared to cast any doubt
on the integrity of Francesco D'Atri; but it might easily happen that,
through his wife, he too was involved in Selmi's downfall, which
everyone now regarded as inevitable.

However, there he was: pacing the floor of his study and evidently
quite oblivious alike of the man he was keeping waiting, and of his
financial statement. His Excellency seemed to be concerned only by the
fretful wail of an infant which, in the silence of the house,
penetrated to the study from a distant room, notwithstanding the
closed doors in between. He had left the room once already to see what
was wrong with his daughter.

Cav. Cao could not control his irritation any longer (because, good
God, the whole of Rome knew that the child... the child....), rose, as
though forced up by a spring, breathing heavily through his nostrils.

His Excellency stopped short and turned to gaze at him.

Immediately Cav. Cao screwed up his face, as though in a sudden, acute
spasm of pain, and said, smiling and rubbing his leg:

"Cramp, Your Excellency..."

"Why, yes... you have been waiting.... Please forgive me, Cavaliere.
I was thinking of something else.... That will do for to-night, eh?
You must be tired; and I don't feel in the mood for work. It must be
eleven o'clock, surely?"

"Midnight, Your Excellency! The exact time is ten minutes past

"Indeed? And... and that theatre, when does it finish?"

"What theatre, Your Excellency?"

"Oh, I don't know; the Costanzi, I think. I mean for... for that
child's sake.... You hear how she's crying. Nothing will quiet her.
Perhaps, if her mother were here...."

"Would you like me to go round to the Costanzi, and tell her?"

"No, no, thank you.... She can't be much longer, now. Wait a minute,
though: there is something I must tell Auriti."

"Cavaliere Giulio?"

"Yes. He is with my wife. He may not be coming in, after the theatre.
You would oblige me greatly by telling him."

"To come up here? I shall go at once, Your Excellency."

"Thank you. Good night, Cavaliere. I shall see you to-morrow."

Cav. Cao made a deep bow, inhaling a long, long breath of air through
his nostrils; as soon as he had shut the door behind him, he expelled
it with a snort of rage, which changed at once however into a gracious
smile at the sight of the footman in livery who came towards him.


As soon as he was alone, Francesco D'Atri clapped both his hands to
his face. His polished scalp reflected the blaze of the electric
lights that hung from the ceiling. He remained for a while in the
study, pacing the floor, his face lined with exhaustion, distorted by
the grim thoughts in which he was wrapped, stroking with his small
hand, wrinkled and hardened by the passage of years, that long,
canary-yellow beard which contrasted so painfully and preposterously
with the whole of his expression and his natural dignity. How in the
world could he fail to see that such a beard, in the present
circumstances, was a horrible disfigurement?

He failed to see it, because for some time past Francesco D'Atri had
ceased to control his own actions, nor was he any longer his own sole
master. The eyes through which he beheld himself were no longer his
own; they were the eyes of a different Francesco D'Atri, who faced him
every morning in the mirror with a sullen air of angry humiliation at
seeing his eyelids swollen and discoloured, and all those wrinkles and
white patches on his face. Nor was this the only Francesco D'Atri that
came to life in him in the senile disintegration of his consciousness,
and led him to think, feel and move as he himself could not, could not
any longer, with those limbs and brain and heart enfeebled by age.

He was now a poor old man, who would gladly have crept into a corner
never to leave it again; but all those other pitiless selves, that
survived within him, taking advantage of his bewildered state, refused
to leave him in peace; they fought for him, played with him, forbade
him to complain and to say that he was tired, to admit that he no
longer remembered anything; and compelled him to lie when there was no
need to lie, to smile when he had no wish to smile, to dress himself
up, to do all sorts of things that seemed to him superfluous. And one
of them it was that had dyed his beard in that ridiculous fashion;
another had made him take a wife, when he was well aware that it was
far too late; yet another made him hold on at all costs to his high
office, which he knew to be far beyond his powers; another persuaded
him to feel a tender affection for that baby, whom even he knew to be
not his own, adducing the most specious of reasons, to wit that, he
himself having begotten a daughter in his youth, to whom another man
had given name and love and care and maintenance, it behoved him now
to give to this child his name and love and care and maintenance, as
though she were really his own poor little baby of long ago.

Yielding, however, to this sentiment, owning the child before all the
world as his, "Ah!" he was warned by the self of the beard, armed with
brush and lotion, "if, my dear fellow, you wish to be taken for a
father, with that young wife by your side, you must give a touch of
yellow to all those white hairs!" He would fain have turned a deaf ear
to this foolish counsel, which seemed to him a profanation not only of
his venerable appearance, but also, when it came to that, of his true
feelings for the child; he was incapable, however, of offering more
than a timid resistance. And this painful and absurd timidity was
precisely reflected in the dyeing of his beard.

Caught, held fast as though in a crowd of people every one of whom
appeared to be acting for himself without thought of him, he did not
know which way to turn; nothing gave him any pleasure; but, if he were
to turn one way or the other, he was afraid of arousing the
displeasure of one or other of his cruel masters; and any decision,
however trivial, meant a fatiguing effort.

He saw only too plainly the trap in which he had fallen, by no wish of
his own; and he could think of no way out of it.

Everything was in confusion! Here in Rome, the indecent clamour of a
vast criminal fraud; in Sicily, a ferment of revolt. Amid the uproar
of the most abject passions, let loose in the decay of the national
conscience, people had barely noticed the rumble of distant musketry,
the first thunderclap of a terrible storm which was gathering with
alarming rapidity. One voice alone had been raised in Parliament to
set before the Government the bloodstained spectre of certain peasants
massacred in Sicily, at Caltavuturo; to brandish before the world the
angry threat of the peril in store, were the pernicious belief to take
root in the country that the poor and weak might be struck down with
impunity, while the swindlers found sanctuary at Montecitorio.

Yes, that Sicilian Deputy had given a true account of the facts: those
Sicilian peasants, finding in their rage at the injustice of others
the courage to assert their own rights with violence, had gone forth
to till the Crown lands usurped by the petty tyrants of their village,
dishonest trustees of the property of the Commune: alarmed by the
arrival of the troops, they had stopped their work and hurried to the
municipal offices to demand the portioning of those lands among them;
in the absence of his chief, a subordinate official had appeared on
the balcony, and, to disperse the crowd, had advised them to go back
in the mean time to their work; but on their way the crowd had found
the road blocked by reinforcements of militia; showing signs of
resistance, they had found themselves first of all attacked with
bayonets; then with rifle fire, for having brandished their tools in
the air to frighten their assailants. Twelve were dead; the wounded
numbered more than fifty: among these, several children, one of whom
had been pierced by at least seven bayonet thrusts.

This ghastly detail had made so vivid an impression upon Francesco
D'Atri that for the last three days, in spite of all his own troubles
and distracting thoughts, his mind kept on turning to it with horror.
Because the ferocity of that soldier, venting itself on the body of an
innocent child, seemed to him the most precise illustration of the
times: he could see the same ferocity in everyone, and the sight
appalled him. No longer any respect, any reverence for the most sacred
things, a blind fury, an insane hatred, a frenzy of dissolution, a
savage delight in base revenge. He was expecting to be seized at any
moment by some madman or other, and made to give an account of all his
misdeeds, past and present. Misdeeds? Was there a man alive who had
never done amiss? But this was a moment in which even the most
trivial, those which at any other time it was customary to overlook,
leaped to the public eye, borrowed from the sinister glare in the sky
a certain bold relief, a certain mysterious colour, which at once
aroused a furious desire for investigation, for the vile satisfaction
or fierce consolation of discovering such other more serious
corruptions as they might conceal. The most balanced judgment, that of
the Public Prosecutor, held in check by everyone and persuaded with
such a wealth of argument not to break the bonds of patience, now that
everyone was of one mind had broken loose, had cast off all restraint,
all social considerations; had become overbearing in its arrogance;
and no man's conscience could any longer feel at rest or safe.

That marriage of his to a young girl; the illusion that his past
reputation and the paramount distinctions he had won would make up, in
her esteem and in her heart, for all the youthful ardour that must of
necessity be lacking from his kind and deep affection; the thoughtless
profusion of their life; the scandal of his wife's intimacy with
Selmi; and now the child... might at any moment become a matter for
public derision, a pretext for accusations and spiteful insinuations,
the source of any number of damaging suspicions. Amid the phantasms
of his uncertainty, in that empty, dim reality in which he seemed to
be enveloped, Francesco D'Atri felt his secret terror grow from hour
to hour, now that a shout of rage was going up at the forcible rescue,
on the Government's part, of a number of politicians more conspicuous
and more deeply compromised than the rest. Among them was Selmi, who,
for all that, had shown a complete indifference to the scandal
throughout. His colleagues in the Cabinet had said nothing to him
about it; but he had gathered from the expression on their faces that
he was being given to understand that Selmi was escaping by his
influence. It was not true! Not by his influence, certainly; but
because he was one of them; and, at that moment, his downfall might
bring them all crashing down after him. Was not such a remedy worse
than the disease? He had been powerless to resist; how could he utter
that name? Free from any reproach, immaculate, because of a single
weakness, of that illusion he had so quickly lost, he saw himself
dragged down by his wife into the mud of the streets, where a mob
athirst for scandal were shouting his name to make a sacrifice of him,
heaping up in a bloodstained mass his body and his wife's and Selmi's.
Now, with equal vividness, he saw himself carried along the streets,
but with Selmi clinging fast to his wife and himself, and with the
whole mob clinging fast to Selmi. He pictured them bringing Selmi back
to his house, with all the crowd roaring behind, mocking and insulting
him. Everyone, yes, everyone would suppose that it was he who was
saving Selmi, and not from generosity but from fear! Perhaps Selmi
himself, as well. ... But, after all, what had he to fear? From
generosity, if anything, he might have done it, because he could
remember the time when the other was valiant and noble, setting life
at naught in the face of danger, and aflame with the sacred ideal of
the country. But no, not even in that generous impulse would he have
done it: he felt too keenly, quite apart from his hatred and contempt
for the betrayal (albeit he laid the blame for that more on his wife),
he felt too keenly the suspicion that he was afraid.

There still remained, however, after all the papers that might have
ruined Selmi had been hidden away, exposed, defenceless and
compromised, an innocent party: Roberto Auriti. A debt of about forty
thousand lire had been found standing in his name; and, what was
worse, more than one laconic and mysterious note, in which allusion
was made to a _friend_, who guaranteed the Governor of the Bank or
promised that he would act or speak or write according to the
instructions he had received. These notes were by this time in the
hands of the judicial authorities, and this was what he would shortly
have to tell Giulio Auriti, Roberto's brother.

He had grown used by now to the horror of the situation; he had come
to look upon it almost as an inevitable destiny; and his feeling at
the moment was one of growing revulsion, heavy with weariness and
pain. No comfort to be found in his memories of the past: were he to
recall them for a moment, they would serve only to increase the shame
and misery of the present. And in this feeling of revulsion, the sight
of everything, even of the ornaments in the room, became intolerably
burdensome to him. Ah, darkness, darkness, a resting place: death,
yes! All this warfare made it easy to overcome one's horror of death.
What cruelty! Here was a man who must soon die. ... Why keep these
dregs for the last days, to be drained from the stirrup-cup of life...

Francesco D'Atri stopped short, with staring, lifeless eyes. He
imagined the time after his own death: time as it would be for other
people.... Calm would be restored... for other people! The waves
smoothed, the horror of the tempest quelled; and no pity, no regret,
no memory of the man who had been where the storm broke and had
perished under it.

All of a sudden, on the bracket upon which his gaze was fixed, he
became aware of a little porcelain monkey which was grinning stupidly
at him. He was tempted for a moment to break it; he turned his back
on it; once again he caught the sound of the child's wailing cry and
made off to the distant room from which it came.


It was the nurse's room. A night light, screened by a talc shade, on
the chest of drawers, shed a feeble glimmer. The old housekeeper, a
lean, trim figure, was pacing up and down with the child in her arms,
who, in the throes of its convulsions, seemed to be trying to slip
from her hands; she managed to clasp it more tightly to her bosom, and
kept on crooning to it, "Noona, noona..." as though in response to its
agonized wails, keeping time with a rhythmical motion of her body, and
bring her hand down gently upon its back.

The wet-nurse, with an enormous breast exposed, was crying also: she
was crying in silence and swearing to the lady's maid, who was sitting
beside her, that she had partaken of no obnoxious food.

Francesco D'Atri stopped for a moment to gaze at her with unseeing
eyes: and his features expressed the effort which he almost
instinctively, with his thoughts elsewhere, was making to understand
what she was trying to say through her floods of tears. At the same
time he gazed with disgust at that indecent breast, from the purple
nipple of which a drop of milk was hanging. The maid discreetly drew
the nurse's bodice together, so as to hide her breast. Whereupon
Francesco D'Atri turned his gaze to the housekeeper; deafened by the
wretched infant's screams, he blinked his eyes; then went across to
the bed table and picked up a little bell, which he began to tinkle
gently before the child's eyes, to distract its attention, following
behind the housekeeper, who continued to pace up and down with her
swaying motion.

So he was discovered, a little later, by Donna Giannetta on her return
from the theatre, splendid, in a rustle of silken garments. She raised
her eyebrows and parted her lips in a faint mocking smile at this
nocturnal, touching, family picture, supposing that His Excellency was
amusing himself, before the servants, by making a display of his
ridiculous paternal affection after shouldering the burdens of the
State. But the maid, hastening to take the black scarf, glittering
with little discs of silver, which her mistress threw off from her
head, and to unfasten her cloak, explained to her in a whisper what
had happened.

"Really? Poor little thing..." she said, with a show of indifference,
but in a warm, melodious voice, and went across, fragrant with scent
and powder, with her expanse of bosom, a magnificent figure, to the
housekeeper. But D'Atri made a sign to her not to speak. The baby had
at last been soothed.

Donna Giannetta then with a little yawn of weariness went off to her
own room. At the door she turned and said, in a sing-song tone, to her

"By the way, Giulio Auriti is in there."

Francesco D'Atri bowed his head; went towards her and said in a low
and solemn voice, without looking at her:

"Wait for me. I have something to say to you."

"A long speech?" she inquired. "Oh Lord, can't it keep till to-morrow?
I'm so tired, I'm afraid I should fall asleep. I've had such a horing

"You will oblige me by waiting," he insisted.

And he returned to the study, where Auriti was expecting him.

Oh, how gladly now would he have avoided the sight of that young man,
for whom he had terrible news! He had forgotten all about him.... He
moved, in these days, gave orders, instructions, forced himself into
actions, words, decisions, for which a moment later he could no longer
see any reason, occasion, object. He shut his eyes and heaved a deep
sigh, his brow darkened by a black oppression. He had just told his
wife to wait for him, as he wished to speak to her. But about what?
With what object? And he himself, not an hour ago, had asked his
secretary to tell Auriti, as he left the theatre, to come round to the
house, as he needed urgently to see him. But it was necessary, of
course, that the poor young man should be informed immediately of the
terrible disaster that threatened him. And nobody but himself could
inform him of it.

As he drew back the curtain from the door and caught sight of the
other inside, he felt a certain rancour at the pity and emotion that
he was arousing in him already.

Giulio Auriti was not in the least like his brother: tall, slender,
dressed in the height of fashion, he revealed by the tempered agility
of his movements a vigorous energy, softened by a certain air of
unconscious pride in his fine steely eyes. The hair of his head was
prematurely grizzled, in contrast to the tawny hue of his thick,
curling beard.

His face changed all of a sudden at the sight of the old Minister
coming towards him with so disconcerted an air.

One of his gloves, which he was holding in his hand, dropped on the

"Well?" he inquired.

Francesco D'Atri lowered his eyelids to shut out the painful spectacle
of the desperate anxiety which he could read on the other's face. He
spread out his hands and murmured, shaking his head:

"They haven't found..."

"Oh no!" Auriti broke out, with a second instantaneons change of
countenance, expressive of scorn, anger, and at the same time a firm
resolve to rebel against an act of injustice without any further
regard for anyone. "No, excuse me, Your Excellency, no: the document
exists, and it must he found! You know that my brother Roberto..."

"I know, I know..." D'Atri attempted, coldly, to cut him short.

"Well, then!" Auriti pressed the matter. "That statement is the only
thing that can save him, and it must not be allowed to vanish! Or
else, everything else must vanish with it that can compromise

D'Atri sat down, clapped his hands again to his face and let fall from
his hidden lips:

"The trouble is this: the judicial authorities ..."

"No, Your Excellency!" Auriti again protested. "The judicial
authorities are in possession of only such material as the Government
have chosen to let them have. Everybody knows that!"

D'Atri gazed at the speaker as though he himself, at least, did not
know it; drew himself up in his chair and, setting his features,
seemed to be warning him that he could not allow so scandalous a
rumour to be repeated in his hearing.

But Auriti continued to rave, wringing his hands as he spoke:

"And I... I who was perfectly calm.... Why, Your Excellency! I was
perfectly calm... it was you!"

D'Atri's head sank; but immediately, as though some force within him
had given an impetus to his spirit, he drew himself up again and
shouted angrily, with a glare of hatred at the young man:

"Where do I come in? What can I do?"

"Why!" Auriti repeated. "Selmi..."

"Selmi..." Francesco D'Atri roared, clenching his fists, as though he
would have liked to hold the man in his clutch.

"Why, yes, let them save him, if they choose!" exclaimed Giulio
Auriti. "In order to save him, though..."

"Of course! You imagine too that it is I who am saving him..." said
D'Atri solemnly, shaking his head with the bitterest scorn.

"But Selmi himself, Your Excellency," Auriti promptly took him up,
with a different kind of scorn, "you will find that Selmi himself will
not allow them to save him at the price of the moral assassination of
my brother. Besides, Your Excellency, if he does not speak, if Roberto
keeps silence, I shall cry aloud! There's my mother to be considered,
Your Excellency! Roberto arrested? It would kill my mother! And our

At this cry, Francesco D'Atri's face lost its composure.

"Your mother... yes... your mother..." he murmured; and, bowing his
head, buried his face once more in his hands; he remained for a while
in this attitude, then his body began to heave as though with stifled
sobs. As a young man he had known, at Turin, Donna Caterina Laurentano
and Stefano Auriti, of whom this son now reminded him so vividly; he
saw himself as he was then; saw Roberto as a boy; thought of a certain
night at sea, with that boy asleep on his knee, an hour after they
sailed from Quarto... ah, between that night and this, what a gulf!

Giulio Auriti, seeing the old Minister's massive shoulders shake, felt

At length he uncovered his face and, still stooping, with his eyes on
the ground, his hands fluttering in accompaniment to his words:

"What will you cry?... what will you cry?" he asked him. "The disgrace
of us all? We are all tarred with the same brush! You mean to tell me
that you know why Selmi took this money in your brother's name? And
you will cry aloud my disgrace as well!"

"No, Your Excellency!" Auriti at once protested, horrified at the

"Yes indeed!" went on Francesco D'Atri, rising to his feet. "All
tarred with the same brush, I tell you! All... all.... The shame of it
is killing me.... Mud, up to here!"

He clutched his throat in both hands.

"It is stifling me! This... I have had to think of this! Our greatest
names.... You think only of your brother! Nothing, it is true, nothing
ever stayed in his hand; but he passed the money on to the other
man.... And is not that a disgrace? How do you excuse it? What is it
you cry aloud? Your brother promises, your most worthy brother
guarantees, in those bills, the filthy traffickings of his friend..."

"Without naming him!" said Giulio Auriti through his clenched teeth,
laughing with anger, shame, scorn. "That is why they have not been
spirited away!"

"But when panic has seized hold of them all!" Francesco D'Atri shouted
in his face, in a voice stifled by rage. "A quarrel among thieves, who
steal by night, with trembling fingers, blindly; they shuffle things
up, take some away, stick others in; and all the time, from their bag,
from their pockets, the booty is tumbling out; and in the scuffle,
crawling among their feet, there are those who rob the robbers, who
fasten upon some paper or other that has dropped, and run off to do a
deal in shame: 'Here you are, gentlemen, the greatest names in Italy!
Here you have honour! Here you have the glories of the country!'
Don't make me speak of it... I know to whom I am speaking! But now...
I have had more than enough... it sticks in my teeth. It is not in
human nature, I quite realize, it is not in human nature to expect
Roberto to keep silence: for his own sake, for his mother's, for
yours, for the name you bear..."

"Roberto?" said Auriti. "Why, Your Excellency knows Roberto, he'll be
quite capable of silence. Selmi himself..."

"If Roberto keeps silence?" asked D'Atri, as though he were still in

"But I shan't, Your Excellency!" Auriti hastened to repeat. "I tell
you beforehand: I shall not, for my mother's sake!"

"Wait!" D'Atri went on, as though commanding silence. "If I am
speaking to you like this, it means that I have something to say to

Giulio Auriti gazed anxiously in his face. But D'Atri did not meet his
gaze; it troubled, not to say annoyed him; he saw lying on the ground
the glove that had dropped from the young man's hand at the beginning
of their interview, and felt more strongly than ever the sense of
intolerable oppression which the sight of any object caused him at
this time. He took his eyes from it, and said darkly:

"You understand that in all this... in all this business... I cannot
shew my hand...."

He looked at his hands, and drew them back with a gesture of disgust.

"Still," he went on, "for Roberto's sake I have spoken.... Only this
evening; I said... I... recalled... his deserts.... Perhaps--listen
to what I am saying--these compromising papers, on the strength of
which a warrant has already been issued... yes! But--listen--these

He could not utter the word; with a swift, expressive wave of his hand
he implied it: "gone!" "However," he at once continued, "since his
name has already come out, to remove all suspicion of his being
implicated, to leave no trace behind..."

"We must pay?" Auriti asked, faintly. "And where? How?"

D'Atri shrugged his shoulders crossly.

"Forty thousand lire, Your Excellency..."

"I cannot provide you with them.... You must find them.... And
quickly! You realize, it is the only way...."

"Money taken from some one else..." groaned Auriti.

"How do you mean, taken?" asked D'Atri angrily. "You must admit...."

"For some one else!" protested Giulio.

"Are you a child?"

"No, Your Excellency: the difficulty is... Where am I to find it? How
am I to find it?"

"Look for it... you have rich relatives... your cousin..."


"Or your uncles..."

Giulio Auriti remained lost in thought, weighing the probability of
success that this way offered, amid the obstacles that already blocked
the path: in Lando's case, the hated shadow of Selmi; in his uncles',
the unshakable pride of his mother. How was her will ever to be bent
to ask for financial help to meet this indefinite liability of her
son, from that brother? In the process of bending, she would
undoubtedly be broken! He thereupon decided that he himself would
apply to Lando: he himself, at all costs, to spare his mother that
supreme sacrifice.

"How long?" he asked.

"Soon..." D'Atri repeated. "Let me see ... in five days, or six at the

Giulio Auriti, at once losing all sense of time, carried away already
by the part that he had to play, took his leave and departed in haste,
frowning, as though he had to go off at once to his cousin's house.

Francesco D'Atri watched him leave the room; then sat for a while
perplexed, frowning, one hand rubbing the back of the other, as though
he were racking his brains to remember what he still had to do. All of
a sudden, he again saw lying on the ground, on the red carpet, the
white glove that had dropped from Auriti's hand.

That glove left lying there seemed to him a sign that he could not,
henceforward, isolate himself altogether from the things, people,
thoughts, by which he felt himself stifled: always a trace, a
footprint, some vestige would remain, resurgent or ineradicable, like
the recurring phantom of a dream. And as though that glove might be
interpreted as a proof that he himself was compromised. Francesco
D'Atri hent down cautiously to pick it up with a shudder of disgust
and slipped it into his pocket, furtively.


Donna Giannetta, wearing a loose wrapper, with a becoming cap of lace
and ribbons on her head, was waiting meanwhile in her bedroom,
reclining in a deep and massive armchair of grey leather, with her
legs crossed, teasing her lower lip with restless fingers. She kept
her eyes sharply fixed on the toe of her red velvet slipper as it
peeped out and disappeared beneath the hem of her skirt with the
gentle rocking motion of her tilted leg.

It was the first time that her husband had informed her with that air
and in that tone that he wished to speak to her. He had never said
anything to her before, when he might have had a reason for speaking.
What could he have to say to her, now?

She had noticed that, for some months past, he had seemed gloomier and
more worried than usual: but not on her account, surely; perhaps
because of some parliamentary trouble. She had never taken the least
interest in politics; she had always flatly forbidden her friends to
discuss politics with her or in her presence; she never read the
newspapers, and gloried in her ignorance, enjoyed the laughter that
had greeted certain of her confessions, such as that she did not know
the names of her husband's colleagues in the Ministry. Did he now
wish to inform her, as he had informed her once before, after the
first year of their married life, that he was thinking of resigning
his office? Oh, that would leave her neither hot nor cold, now...

But here he came.... At once Donna Giannetta relaxed her muscles, sank
back with shut eyes in her armchair, pretending to be asleep; but, as
D'Atri opened the door, she opened her eyes again wearily, as though
she had really been asleep.

"Won't to-morrow do?" she asked him again, with a languid grace. "I'm
so sleepy, Francesco! I shan't be able to follow you."

"You will follow me," he said in a broken voice, stroking his beard
with a trembling hand. "However, if you wish it, I can say what I
have to say briefly...."

"You are resigning?" she inquired, placidly.

Francesco D'Atri gazed at her in astonishment.

"No," he said. "Why?"

"I thought..." yawned Donna Giannetta, placing her hand over her

"No, here, it is here, of our own affairs, about the household that I
have to speak to you," he went on. "Be patient for a minute. I am
extremely tired myself! If, however, you wish me to be brief, you must
not take offence."

Donna Giannetta opened her eyes wide.

"Offence? Why?"

"Why, because, if I must be brief, I must also be very clear, and not
mince matters," he replied. "You will allow me to speak; then you
will do, I hope, as I bid you, and that will be all. Listen, then."

"I'm listening," she sighed, shutting her eyes again.

Francesco held up two fingers and brandished them stiffly in the air:

"Two... two misfortunes have come to you," he began.

Donna Giannetta sat up:

"Two? To me?"

"One, of your own choosing," he went on. "An old misfortune. Myself."

"Oh," she exclaimed, sinking back again in her chair. "You frightened

Smiling and clasping her hands behind her head, she continued:

"No... why?"

The loose sleeves of her wrapper slipped down, revealing her shapely

"Up to the present, no," he resumed. "You have not been properly
conscious of it, because, for the annoyance which I may have caused
you from time to time..."

"Francesco, I'm so sleepy," she groaned.

"Please... please... please..." he said crossly. "What I mean is, that
you have found a very considerable compensation for that annoyance in
my... in my... shall I say, my philosophy ..."

"Tell me at once what the other misfortune is, please!" sighed Donna
Giannetta, as though she were talking in her sleep.

Francesco D'Atri sat down. He was now coming to the difficult part of
his speech, and was anxious to express himself with as little crudity
as possible. He rested his elbows on his knees, took his head in his
hands, the better to concentrate, and spoke, gazing at the floor.

"I am coming to that. Listen. I have been obliged.... obliged to make
certain allowances. ... But you, I must add, are not in the least to
blame. It was natural that, having to choose between your rights as a
young woman and your duties as a wife, you should have preferred the
former. I might have pointed out to you, long before this, that you
yourself, on the day when you accepted, of your own free will, indeed
with ... with enthusiasm, these duties towards an old man, had
implicitly (am I not correct?) renounced those rights; but I do not
blame you for this either, because perhaps you too, at the time, were
under the illusion that..."

At this point Francesco D'Atri raised his head and stopped speaking.

Donna Giannetta was asleep, with one arm still folded over her head,
and the other stretched out towards him, as though to implore his

"Gianna!" he called, but not too loud, controlling his anger and
disgust, as though it would hurt his self-esteem were she, by rousing
herself at his call, to admit that she had yielded so soon to slumber,
while he was speaking to her of so grave a matter. He bowed his head
again and continued his speech aloud from the point at which he had
broken off:

"You were under the illusion that... yes, that you would find it easy
to perform your duties."

Donna Giannetta did not stir; on the contrary, her raised arm slipped
slowly down from her head, and fell heavily on her lap. Whereupon,
Francesco D'Atri sprang to his feet in fury; in another moment he
would have seized that bare, outstretched arm and shaken it with the
utmost violence, shouting the most brutal insults in her face. But the
unconscious calm of her slumber, shameless as it appeared to him and
almost a defiance, restrained him. It seemed as though she, lying
there asleep, were saying to him: "Look how young and beautiful I am!
What claim can you, an old man, have on me?"

Ah, what claim indeed! But that beauty of hers, what had she done with
it? And what was she doing now with her youth? A shameful sacrifice!
Yes, after giving herself to him, an old man, first of all! But he, at
least, would have worshipped those treasures with a heart trembling
and overflowing with gratitude, as a heaven-sent prize! Whereas she,
with an opprobrious disdain, with unconscious cruelty, had outraged
them! And nothing now could reconsecrate that beauty and that youth so
basely profaned!

Shaking his head, he stole quietly from the room.

At once Donna Giannetta sprang to her feet, with a yawn.

"O-o-oh!" Seriously, at that tune of night, an explanation? And why?
When he ought to have spoken, mum! Now, now that she was merely bored,
bored to death, did he call upon her for an explanation? The idea! Too
late... too late.... When he himself, for that matter, with his cold
reserve, amid the inevitable relations of the new life into which he
had introduced her, in the face of the temptations to which that life
exposed her, of the examples which it was continually setting before
her eyes, had helped to make her dismiss as too ingenuous, too
childish, and liable to provoke the derision of her neighbours the
golden dream that she had cherished when she married him?

Oh yes, with absolute sincerity she had dreamed of gladdening with her
radiant youth the last years of the heroic life of Francesco D'Atri,
her father's old friend and comrade in arms.

Had he felt, perhaps, that she had been too precipitous, too impulsive
in making up her mind to marry him, on that evening, now remote, when,
the conversation in her father's house turning upon women, old men,
marriage, on her asking a question he had answered, jestingly, with a
melancholy smile: "Ah, if you were to marry me...."?

But perhaps too he had suspected her of the ambition to become a
Minister's wife! For her family, for the position to which her birth
entitled her, she was almost penniless.

Francesco D'Atri might have known, however, that, in her family,
decisions were always made like that, precipitately, but that such
precipitation had never impaired the firmness with which the family
adhered to them.

Her father, in his youth, in the gay and heedless company of all those
other young men of the aristocracy of Palermo, had all of a sudden, as
though in a moment of pique, rebelled against the rest of his family,
who were fervently devoted to the Bourbons; and had suffered not only
persecution, imprisonment, exile at the hands of the tyrannical
government, but also the most cruel revenge on the part of his own
father: he had been disinherited in favour of his elder brother and
his sister Teresa, the wife of Don Ippolito Laurentano and mother of

And had not she herself, once upon a time, simply out of pique, on the
spur of the moment, fallen out with her cousin Lando, who, being
resident at the time in Palermo, in the house of his uncle the Prince
of Montalto, used to come by stealth to make love to her, his
_heretical_ cousin, the daughter of his _heretical_ uncle, to whom his
other uncle (the Prince!), as though it were an act of charity of
which he ought to feel ashamed, was surreptitiously conveying an
allowance that was barely enough to keep him alive?

And she had refused to have anything more to do with him! She had
persuaded her father to leave Palermo for Rome, in the hope that, if
she got him away from the island, amid a larger circle of friends less
hidebound by prejudice, he would at length condescend to let her take
the line to which her mother's blood was calling her. Her mother had
been a Piedmontese actress, whom her father had met at Turin, during
his banishment, and had married there. Her blood, it was her blood and
not her example that called to her, for she had never known her
mother, who had died in giving her birth; and everyone at Palermo, and
most of all her father, had always taken pains not to let her discover
what her mother had been. A Montalto on the stage! Appalling! And she
herself even, yes, she was bound to admit it, felt in her heart of
hearts a secret repulsion at the idea. All the same, to hurl
defiance, to bring disgrace upon that uncle of hers, who was ashamed
even to support them in secret, she would easily have managed to
overcome not merely that repulsion, but any other!

Lando, shortly afterwards, had himself come to settle in Rome, and had
joined with her father in trying to tame, to reform her. No, no, no!
Already she had become enamoured of her dream of life with Francesco
D'Atri, who, ever since their first meeting, had been dazzled by her

But why then had he not deemed her capable of remaining faithful to
that dream. How had he failed to understand that such a doubt, such a
fear, revealed by certain piteous glances, certain wistful smiles,
must bitterly offend her, as must also the liberty he conceded, nay
almost enforced upon her, notwithstanding that doubt and that fear? So
to him her fall was inevitable and he resigned himself to it? And if
he did not trust her, what merit, what reward was there in her not
falling? For her own sake? Ah yes, for her own sake! Her father had
recently died. Profoundly grieved and embittered, and at the same time
obliged to present a smiling face to everyone, she had seen herself,
even in those days of mourning, watched by Lando with coldly
contemptuous eyes. In a moment of anguish, of exasperation, in a
moment of real madness, so that the contempt in those eyes might
recoil upon himself as well, she had offered herself to him. Upright,
magnanimous, heroic, Lando had repulsed her. Oh, and then, to avenge
herself rather upon him than upon the sad and silent distrust of her
old husband, she had flung herself into the arms of Corrado Selmi, and
down, down, down... horribly, yes... like a drunkard, like a

But enough! Had not the old man just told her that he had no fault to
find with her for that? Why then should she feel remorse for it? Oh,
she had never really enjoyed it! What did he want with her now?

Donna Giannetta shrugged her shoulders, and at once was aware of the
movement, as though another woman had made it before her eyes. She had
in a marked degree the strange faculty of observing herself like this,
from without, even in moments of tense excitement, of seeing herself
move, of hearing herself speak or laugh; and it almost terrified her
at times, and often annoyed her; she was afraid lest her attitudes,
her gestures, the sound of her voice, her sudden peals of laughter,
might appear studied; it hurt her, this sudden freezing of the most
spontaneous, least premeditated impulses of her nature, surprised at
their birth by and in herself.

She passed her hand several times over her brow and tried to absorb
herself in some thought which would efface that vision of herself so
distraught. Why, of course. The other misfortune.

... What could that other misfortune be of which her husband wished to
speak to her?

Her face darkened. Before her eyes rose the image of Selmi who, either
in desperation, to check her passion for creating scandal, or from
fear of losing her, now that she was beginning to tire of him, or
perhaps even in revenge, had failed to prevent her from becoming a
mother. Yes, there was no doubt about it: the other misfortune to
which the old man had referred was her daughter, that baby....

"Two misfortunes have come to you.... One, of your own choosing..."

The other, therefore, was not. And he was right: this second
misfortune had not been of her choosing.

But if he knew all, and knew that she could not feel any affection for
the child, who reminded her of her hated lover, why, not an hour ago,
had he let her come upon him in the room with the crying child,
tinkling a bell? Why such a display of affection for the infant? Why
had he sought to identify it with himself, as though to range himself
by its side against her, when he said that the pair of them--he and
the child--represented two misfortunes for her? What was his object?

Donna Giannetta was sorry she had pretended to be asleep. She sat for
a while longer thinking, reflecting; then stole from the room on
tiptoe and, in the darkness, holding her breath, cautiously, feeling
her way, crept to the door of her husband's room. She listened, then
stooped down and peeped in through the keyhole.

Francesco D'Atri, sitting there in his own room, as he had just been
sitting in hers, with his elbows on his knees and his head in his
hands, was crying!

Donna Giannetta felt a long shudder run down her spine, and drew back
in confusion, overcome by a stupefaction mingled with dismay.

He was crying!

She stood there, trembling, her spirit in a tumult, incapable of
framing a thought. Then, suddenly, afraid of his opening the door and
catching her eavesdropping, she turned back towards her own room. But,
as she passed like a thief in the night by the door of the room in
which the child slept, she stopped.

The child, too, was crying! Both of them....

Without thinking, as though trying to find a place of refuge that
would conceal her from herself at that moment, she opened the door and
went in.

The nurse, sitting upright in bed, was in despair. The child, after a
short spell of restless sleep, had begun to writhe again in
convulsions and was wailing as before.

Donna Giannetta could not make out, at first, what the nurse was
saying; she put out her hand to touch the agonized child, and at once
drew it back with a start. How cold the child was! But she must be
hushed.... This crying was unendurable. ... Didn't she want the
breast? Perhaps she was bound too tightly? She began to unwind the
wrappings with her own hands. Oh what poor little purple legs... and
how they trembled, in the jerking spasms.... She tried to hold them
still; but they were freezing! She was freezing all over, poor little
creature.... How, in what could she cover her? There, the tester of
the cradle.... Quick, quick.

Donna Giannetta took the child in her arms, pressed it to her bosom,
firmly and gently, and began to walk up and down the room, rocking her
daughter with the swaying motion of her body, a thing she had never
done before. And she was amazed to find that she knew how to do it.
She felt against her bosom the contractions of the aching little
stomach, she could almost feel the gurgling flow of tears in that cold
and tender little body. Almost unconsciously, then, she began to cry
too, not out of pity for the little one, no... or rather perhaps yes,
at the sight of its sufferings ... but she cried also because... she
did not herself know why.

Gradually the infant, as though it felt the warmth of the mother's
love which for the first time in its life was comforting it, grew
quiet again. Donna Giannetta was by this time tired, dead tired, yet
she continued for a while longer to pace the floor, bringing her hand
down gently, at each step, on the child's back. Then she stopped; with
the utmost precaution, so as not to awaken the child, she lifted it
from her bosom; sat down and laid it on her lap; made a sign to the
nurse to remain in bed, and, by the faint glimmer of the nightlight,
began to study her daughter. She saw the little creature, quiet now by
her intervention, lying there on her lap, as she had never seen it
before. Perhaps because she had never done anything for it before.
Poor little thing, growing up all this time without affection, without
care.... As though it were to blame!

She screwed up her eyes, as though to banish a hateful feeling.... But
no! How was the child to blame for having been born?

And then in an instant, as she gazed at her daughter, she realized
what her husband had wished to say to her. He was and felt himself to
be an old man, and knew that he could not fill her life; but she had a
daughter, now; and a daughter can and must fill the life of her
mother. He might have created a scandal, and had not done so; not only
that, he had even given this child, which was not his own, the
prestige of his name, of his position, and... yes, his love as well.
Very well, she, the mother, would do well to give her own daughter
affection, care, an example of blameless conduct.

This, yes, no doubt about it, this was what he had wished to say to
her. And she had pretended to be asleep....

Hour after hour Donna Giannetta remained there, that night, with the
child on her lap. She thought with the bitterest regret of her own
sweet girlish dream; and, with disgust, of what men had offered her in
exchange for that dream.... Stupid pretences, horrid vulgarities....
Then, gradually, she was overpowered by sleep.

Before daybreak, Francesco D'Atri, passing along the corridor on the
way to his study, saw the door of the nurse's room standing ajar and
put in his head. He was amazed to find his wife inside, asleep in an
armchair, with the child in her arms. He stole softly into the room to
look at her, and felt his amazement dissolve, as a tremor ran through
his veins, in an unspeakable emotion. He stooped down and brushed her
forehead with a kiss.

Donna Giannetta stirred; she too was amazed, at first, at finding
herself there, with the child on her lap; then smiled--saw herself
smile--and, holding out her hand to her husband and gazing at him with
eyes full of a new joy, asked him:

"Is this what you wanted?"



FOR the last three weeks, everybody, even those who were hurrying
about their business with their thoughts elsewhere, had been turning
round and stopping to gaze at a gnarled and weather-beaten old man,
with a little knapsack on his back, four medals on his breast and a
big black hat, from beneath the brim of which escaped a cataract of
hair, his yellow locks tumbling over the tangled fleece of his beard.
This old man walked as in a dream, his eyes glistening with tears of
joy, without for a moment suspecting the extraordinary figure that he
was cutting in the streets and piazze of Rome, in his comical attitude
and with his awkward air of being in strange surroundings, like a
tamed savage.

But, now that he had left at Valsania his shaggy cap, his hobnailed
shoes and gun, and had put on the new suit of blue broadcloth and,
beneath his coarse shirt of violet flannel, a second shirt of linen,
which flowed out, white and soft, at his neck and wrists; with that
big black hat and his polished shoes, Mauro Mortara was confident of
being as smartly dressed as any of them. His jacket did, indeed, bulge
a little over the hips ... but his pistols, ah, he had made a vow that
he would never part company with them. The four medals, lastly, which
might be seen pinned to his flannel shirt, on his breast, he had
brought with him (asking the General's leave, first) simply to prove
that he was a person worthy to walk the streets of Rome, that he was
entitled to the privilege, had won the honour of beholding her. All
his papers were in his knapsack.

How was he to suppose that those medals, in a Rome steeped in
opprobium and mud in these days of party strife, could only raise a
contemptuous smile on people's lips, now that the label "old patriot"
had become almost a brand of infamy?

And he laughed back at all the people whom he saw laughing, without
the remotest suspicion that they were laughing at him, believing
indeed that they were sharing in his joy, in that joy watered with
tears which, radiating round him like a beacon light, dazzled his
vision of everything.

He saw nothing more of Rome than this joy in being there; and
everything, in that blaze of hallucination, presented itself to him in
a magical, vaporous guise; nor was he conscious of the ground beneath
his feet. Three or four times, as he lengthened his pace, he had
overstepped the pavement and had almost fallen.

He went about like a drunken man, without a goal, lost, drowned in his
own bliss; and whenever there shimmered before him some magnificent
sight, a fountain, a palace, a monument, down streamed a fresh flow of
tears from eyes swollen with emotion.

Lando Laurentano would have given him a guide; a guide, indeed! He did
not want to know; did not want anything explained to him; he was
instinctively afraid that any information, any direction, any
knowledge must diminish that vast, fluctuating image of greatness
which his sentiment created for him.

Rome must remain for him, like the sea, unbounded.

And on his return at nightfall, tired but insaliate, to the villino on
the Via Sommacampagna, where Lando lived, if he was asked whether he
had seen the Colosseum, the Forum, the Capitol:

"I've seen, I've seen!" he would hasten to reply. "Don't tell me
anything.... I've seen!"

"Saint Peter's too?"

"Oh Marasantissima! I tell you, I've seen. I don't want to know
anything. One thing or another, what do I care? It's all Rome!"

What did he care to know who the horseman was with bare legs and a
crown on his head, sitting on the great bronze horse, in that lofty
square guarded by statues at the head of the steps, surmounted by a
tower, with a portico on either side? It was in Rome? Then it must be
some great one, surely, a hero of antiquity, a triumphant victor, a
ruler of the world. And that statue over there, the red one, sitting
over the fountain, with a ball in her hand? Rome: that was Rome, with
the world in her grasp, which was enough for him.

Had there not been such a crowd of people continually passing through
the square, he would have stooped down and kissed the rim of the
fountain, would have gone up and kissed the pedestal of the
bare-legged horseman. And why were all those people bustling about up
there? They were worldng, working to make Rome greater still. They
were all toiling to that end. And Rome, Rome, there she was: once
again, before long, she would be holding the whole world, like that,
in the hollow of her hand!

Was he really--he, Mauro Mortara--in Rome? Was it actually he that
was breathing the air of Rome? Was it he whose feet were treading the
pavements of Rome? Was he beholding all these grandeurs? Or was it a
dream? Ah, his eyes might close now, after this crowning mercy! Having
seen Rome, they had seen all that there was to see. Having set his
signature there, in the Pantheon register, by the tomb of Vittorio, he
might now die: he had recorded his presence in this life, had answered
the roll call of history.

How astounding! They seemed to have sprung up before his eyes, those
dark, towering columns. Doubtful whether it might not be a church, he
had refrained at first from entering by the half-open gate in the
railings, as he saw other people do. ... In coming to Rome, he had
made the stipulation that he was going to give the churches a wide
berth! hWorship God, yes, but in heaven. ... And indeed he had not
set foot in Saint Peter's even. He put himself in the priests' hands?
Marameo! With suspicion in his eyes, he had glared at the Vatican,
pressing the butts of his pistols against his hips with his elbows.

Was this a church then also? He was just going to inquire when a man
came up to him, selling photographs of Rome: "The Pantheon... tomb of
the King...."

"In there?"

And immediately he had gone in. That round, staring eye in the cupola,
through which you could see the sky, the altar opposite had somewhat
disconcerted him. Where was the King's tomb?

There it was, to the right, towering up, in bronze. ... And he had
gone towards it, timidly; he had seen beneath the tomb the two
veterans on guard, with medals on their breasts, the register for the
signature of visitors, and, with a smile in eyes glazed by tears, had
opened his jacket a little way to let them see that he had the right
to sign.

The two veterans had not quite understood, perhaps, what he meant,
and, seeing him laugh and cry simultaneously, had perhaps taken him
for a lunatic. One of them, indeed, as though to reassure himself, had
inquired of him with a wave of the hand: "Sign?"

Yes, he had replied, with a nod: presently, after the rest had
finished; for, what with his unpractised hand, his swimming eyes, and
above all his emotion, it might take him a long time to write his

Finally, left alone with the veterans, after he had scrawled, as best
he could, in the register, letter by letter, his name, surname and

"Ah, from Girgenti... a Sicilian?" he had heard one of them ask, who
had been following the movement of the pen with his eyes. "Did you
serve in the Sixty campaign?"

"There they are!" he had answered, swelling with pride, pointing to
his medals. "And this one, for Forty-Eight!"

"Ah, you're a veteran of Forty-Eight.... And are you a _sufferer_?"

"A sufferer? What do you mean?"

"Have you the pension for political sufferers?"

A pension! He? Why should he draw a pension? He had nothing.... He
didn't even know that it existed, this pension; even if he had known,
he would never have applied for it. Take money for what he had done?
He would let his hands drop off first!

The other two, who were Piedmontese, had begun to laugh, exchanging a
glance of merriment. They were applauding him--he supposed--of course
they were. Just as he was applauded, in the villino, every evening, by
Baffaele the footman and the boy Torello, after a stern rebuke from
their master, who had caught them at a moment when they were fooling
him to the top of his bent.

To Mauro's exclamations of joy, astonishment, enthusiasm,
satisfaction, to his ingenuous reflexions as to the greatness of the
country, Lando Laurentano, albeit filled in these days with anger and
disgust, had made no reply; he had suppressed a smile even when his
dear old man, one evening, had come in to announce to him, still
exulting in the experience:

"I have seen the King! I have seen the King! Oh, my boy, my dear
boy,... how could I ever have believed such a thing? Quite white... as
white as I am....What it must cost him to sit there! What he must
have to think of! Ay, he's the axle! And that's saying little: the
axle on which the whole thing turns.... And do you know? He bowed to
me! If the carriage hadn't been going so fast, I should have gone down
on my knees, as sure as God's in heaven!"

Oh, to feel that heart beat in his own breast for a moment!--Lando
Laurentano had thought with emotion and envy. Oh, to be able with that
faith, with that purity of intention, to nourish a dream, a vaster
dream; to face sterner conflicts for its sake and to win, thereby
tasting a purer and greater joy than his!

As though to retemper his metal, to wash his spirit clean of all the
filth that was spouting at this time from the life of the nation, he
had plunged with a sense of relief, revival, refreshment into this old
man's talk; strange talk, it was true, but a perfect fount of purity
and faith.

The sight of him, his presence in Rome at this time, gave a filthier,
a viler appearance to all those who, having had the good fortune to be
born at a supreme and glorious moment, had put it to their personal
profit, like covetous tradesmen and dishonest speculators.

What did he know of them, what could he know, this old man, who, after
giving the best of his strong and simple nature to his country, had
withdrawn into solitude to draw fantastic pictures of the fruit that
his work must certainly have borne, confident that all the others had
acted like himself? He did not think: he merely felt: a burning
flame, that rejoiced in its own light and heat, and gave life to all
around it with that light.

And, certainly, just as now he did not notice the shower of mud
through which he was passing, radiant with joy and enthusiasm, so for
thirty years past in Sicily he had never noticed the horrors of all
sorts of injustice, the desolation of neglect, the shattering of
illusions, the cries and threats of the oppressed.

Preoccupied, alarmed by the daily increasing gravity of the news that
reached him from the Island, Lando would have been glad of some
information from him, if only about the Province of Girgenti; but he
had never so much as hinted this to him, knowing well that it would at
once have spoiled all the old man's holiday to let him know that he,
the General's grandson, was on the side of those whom Mauro was bound,
in good faith, to regard as enemies of the country, and was
accordingly an enemy of the country himself.

Instead, he had inquired after his father.

"You've got to come down there with me!" had been Mauro's curt
response. "You are the thief; I'm the policeman. And you can thank God
he sent me after you! He might have sent a squad of those terrible
great dolls of his, with their Captain Sciaralla."

Lando's lips had parted in a pained smile. Whereupon Mauro had
clapped his hand to his forehead, with:

"There I go! But how can I help it? He even sends them to me, to
Valsania, dressed up like that, to his Father's house! My heart
revolts within me and I see red at times, I swear to you! However,
what were we saying? Oh yes... what do you think of this new freak of
his? Going and marrying again, at his age, and one of that clan, too!
Why, by all the saints in heaven, the man's father, I tell you, the
man's father went to church for the Te Deum when your grandfather was
sent into exile! And he, he, this Don Flaminio Salvo.... Corpo di
Dio, do you know that I have had to put up with him for a whole month
at Valsania? Oh, he's a feckless creature, your uncle Don Cosmo! He
ought to have looked him straight in the face and said no. 'What!' he
ought to have said. 'Flaminio Salvo at Valsania?' No, Sir! Nothing of
the sort! Only too delighted! And do you know how I have been living
for the last month? Like an animal that goes about everywhere
searching for a hole or cranny to hide in. If I set eyes on him,
sangue di... I 'Id catch him here, I tell you, by the throat, and
then, mark my words, I'Id squeeze the life out of him. You know what
I'm like when the fit takes me, what a wild beast I become....
However! This Don Flaminio Salvo, in Forty-Eight, what did he do? I
can tell you what he did, he went straight off and reported to the
Bourbon police where Don Stefano Auriti was hiding with your aunt
Donna Caterina. It's a fact! And now, at Girgenti, he holds all the
priests in the hollow of his hand! But God, oh, yes, God has
chastised him! His wife is mad! A pity his daughter... no, she's not
like him: she's good, his daughter is; and as pretty as she's good....
But don't you ever take it into your head to marry her! You, my dear
boy, bear your grandfather's name, remember that! And the name
Gerlando Laurentano ought to be ... what shall I say? No, my dear hoy,
you mustn't laugh... these things are not to be laughed at in my

"I am laughing," Lando had informed him, "because my father has chosen
a good ambassador to persuade me to come to his wedding!"

And Mauro, throwing out his hands:

"Oh, what of that? I tell him the same to his face. Besides, if I
don't say things, you can read them just the same on mine.... A man
must act as he feels. But you have got to come back with me, my boy,
because your father's word is law. You are not going of your own
accord. He has made his bed, and he must lie on it. If he has chosen
to go that way, what is to be done? You will come for a few days to
Valsania for a rest; you will lose your temper a bit with that fool
your uncle Don Cosmo; but after all I'm there, there's the General's
room, untouched, just as it was. ... Go in there, and your breast...
oh, it swells, and your heart thumps.... I don't know about you, but I
should think... Excuse me, let me listen to the clock."

He had come close to him, had placed his ear against his chest, over
the heart, and, with a roguish laugh, had concluded:

"I see! Ladies' time."


Perfectly calm and cool to the outward eye, Lando Laurentano nourished
within him a dark and bitter hatred of the times in which he was fated
to live; a hatred which never sought relief in invective or
reproaches, for he knew that, even if his complaints had found an
echo, as did those of so many genuine or pretended malcontents, there
was nothing to be gained by them.

His anger was like the fermentation of must that has gone sour in a
dirty barrel.

The vintage had been gathered. All the vine leaves were now yellow;
they curled and shrivelled on their stems; began to fall; the bare
canes writhed in the autumnal mist, like a man stretching his limbs in
a long yawn of boredom; over the grey expanse of the fields, in the
damp fog, nothing now remained save a slight, slow, silent, rustle of
drifting leaves.

Yes, the season had yielded its fruit. He had come when the vintage
was already over. The rich and generous juice, gathered in Sicily with
impetuous joy, blended with the dry, sharp juice of Piedmont, then
with the rough, stinging juice of Tuscany, and now with the medicinal
juice, gathered late in season and half by stealth in the Lord's
vineyard, carelessly stored in three vats and in barrels, carelessly
treated, now with bark and now with alum, had gone irremediably sour.
A sterile age, of necessity, was his, like every age that follows a
period of exceptional exuberance. Nothing to do hut look on, sad and
idle, at the spectacle of all those who had lent a hand to the task,
and preferred now to put the finishing touches unaided; some of them,
however, overexcited and almost raving, others already tired and
basking with a senile smile of self-sufficiency in the satisfaction of
an arduous labour that has somehow been finished, the defects in which
they did not choose either to behold themselves or to let others

A miserable fate, indeed, that of the hero who does not die, the hero
who outlives his own fame!

For in truth the hero always dies with the heroic moment: the man
survives, and fares ill. Alas for him if his soul does not explode
with the force of that driving wind which inflates it, strains it and
makes it assume in an instant a forbidding mask of greatness!... After
that strain, when the wind has fallen, the outraged soul cannot settle
again within its normal dimensions, does not recover its equilibrium:
swollen still and distended in one place, flabby and battered in
another, it collapses altogether and, like a balloon when its valve
has begun to leak, stumbles and is torn by every stump on the roadside
over which it had flown before.

Lando Laurentano sought no outlet for his anger, because, having been
too young at first to do anything, and finding nothing now left for
him to do, he scorned the too obvious course of saying that the others
had done wrong. To do things ... yes, to be able to do things, without
talking! The others had done things. Now it was time for talk. The
others talked so much and to so little purpose, that he might as well
spare his breath.

He saw that the men to whose lot it had fallen to do things, had long
been hesitating between two conceptions, one vacuous, the other
servile: the conceptions of a classic and of a romantic Italy: a
toga-clad phantom, and a puppet to be dressed up in the livery or at
the bidding of foreigners: a rhetorical Italy, composed of schoolroom
memories, the same perhaps for which Petrarch had longed, which had
inspired Cola di Rienzo, a Republican State; and a foreign Italy, or
one wholly foreignized in soul and customs. Unfortunately, the trend
of history pointed to the realization of the latter conception. And,
after all, it was no more than the substitution of one form of
rhetoric for another; for the pedantic imitation of the ancients, the
absurd imitation of foreigners. Always imitation. "Oh Italians,"
Guerrazzi had cried from his cell in the Murate of Florence, "monkeys,
not men!"

Its most generous impulses stifled by so-called reasons of State, the
nation had been brought to being by concession and compromise,
accident and coincidence. A single fire, a single flame ought to have
coursed from end to end of Italy to melt and forge her several members
into one living hody. That the fusion had failed was the fault of
those who had reckoned the open flame dangerous, and had preferred the
cold light of their own limited, calculating intellects. But if the
flame had let itself be quenched, was not this a sign that it had not
in itself the force and heat that were required? What a blaze of
bright and devouring fire from Sicily, up north as far as Naples!
>From there again, in later years, the flame had shot forth to reach
the walls of Rome.... Wherever it had been obliged to halt, at
Aspromonte, or on the heights of the Trentino, it had left an empty
gap, a severed member.

Could not Italy fashion herself in any other way? A sign that events
were not yet ripe, or that someone had lacked the energy and daring to
bring things to a head. Too many calculations and dark thoughts and
vacillations and restraints and timidities had sterilized the creation
of the country.

What was to be done now? Where there is a will, yes, there is always
time to do good. But a modest, humble, patient good, Lando Laurentano
felt that such was not for him. They had offered him, at the last
general election, a seat in one of the divisions of Palermo: neither
prayers nor pressure, nor the call of party discipline had availed to
make him reconsider his refusal. He, at Montecitorio, at such a
moment? Better to drown himself in a sewer!

>From his boyhood he had trained himself to a strict and strenuous
course of reading, not so much from the necessity or a passion for
culture, as to be able to think and judge on his own initiative, and
so to retain, in conversation with other people, his own spiritual

He had here, in his lonely villino on the Via Sommacampagna, a well
stocked library, in which he was in the habit of spending several
hours every day. But, as he read, he was irresistibly led on to
translate all that he read into action, into living reality; and, if
he had a volume of history in his hands, he would feel an
indescribable sense of discomfort at seeing, reduced to words, what
had once upon a time been life; reduced to ten or twenty lines of
print, uniformly arranged one after another, in precise order, what
had been a disordered movement, stir and turmoil. He would fling the
book from him, in a fit of disgust, and begin to pace up and down the

What a strange impression they made upon him then, all those books in
the prison of their tall, wide shelves, which covered the four walls
of the room from end to end! From the two low windows that overlooked
the garden, came in the shrill, incessant, deafening twitter of the
countless little birds that made their daily rendezvous there on the
pine, aquiver with more wings than foliage. He compared that
continuous, unwearying chorus, that frenzied tumult of living voices,
with the words shut up in those dumb books, and his contempt for them
increased. Artificial compositions, a fixed life, stereotyped in
unalterable forms, logical constructions, mental architecture,
inductions, deductions--away with them all!

Movement, life, not thoughts!

What anguish, what torture at times, did he let himself be absorbed in
the thought that he too, inevitably, with the conceptions, the
opinions that he sought to form of men and things, with the fictions
that he created, with the affections, the desires that arose in him,
was arresting, was fixing in and all around himself in definite forms
the continual flow of life! But if he himself, with his body, was a
definite form, a form that had motion, that could follow, up to a
certain point, the flow of life, until, his body stiffening ever more
and more, its motion, already slackened, should altogether cease!
Well, on certain days, he would feel a strange antipathy to that body
of his, so tall and slim, for his sallow brown face with its too wide
forehead, its black, square-cut beard, its imperious nose in contrast
to those eyes, the eyes of a drowsy, voluptuous Arab. He would gaze at
them in the glass as though they did not belong to him. Within that
body of his, meanwhile, in what he called his soul, the flow continued
obscurely, creeping beneath the dykes, flooding beyond the limits he
had set himself when forming a consciousness, constructing a
personality. But it was possible also that all those artificial forms,
assailed by the current in a moment of tempest, might crumble; while
that part of the current which did not trickle away beneath the dykes
and beyond the limits, but revealed itself plainly to him, and which
he had carefully canalized in his affections, in the duties that he
had set himself, in the habits that he had developed, might in a
moment of flood burst its banks and sweep everything away.

Yes: and it was for such a moment of flood that he longed! It was for
this that he had immersed himself in the study of the new social
questions, in the criticism of those men who, armed with imposing
arguments, were trying to raze to its foundations a constituted order
of things convenient for some, unfair to the majority of mankind, and
to arouse at the same time in that majority a will and a sentiment
which spurred them on to strip, destroy, scatter all those forms, the
accumulation of centuries, in which life had become ponderously set.
Would that will, would that sentiment arise in the majority in
sufficient strength to bring about an immediate upheaval? They still
lacked the necessary consciousness and education. To make them
conscious, to educate, to prepare them: there was an ideal! But when
was it to be realized? A slow, long and patient task this too, alas!

On his vast estates in Sicily, in the Province of Palermo, which had
come to him from his mother, he had already granted his peasants the
fairest co-operative terms, expressly forbidding his chamberlain to
burden with even a nominal interest the advances liberally made them
for seed and for all the various outlay entailed in agriculture; he
had founded, and maintained out of his own pocket a number of village
schools; time and again, whenever he was asked, he had contributed
largely to the reserve funds raised for the support of the peasants
and sulphur workers in their resistance to the landlords and pit
owners; he paid for the printing of a party newspaper: _La Nuova Eta_,
which was issued every Sunday in Palermo.

His chamberlain, Rosario Piro, sent up protests, month after month, in
interminable letters full of commonsense and malapropisms: protested
and washed his hands of the whole affair. Poor Piro! What a state
those hands of his must be in, after all that washing!

Lando, perhaps without noticing it, or even in the belief that he was
leading a sober existence, was spending a great deal on himself. His
experience of the emptiness and silliness of the life of people who
made a profession of cutting a figure in the so-called world of
fashion, in clubs, smart hotels and restaurants, gaming-rooms, on race
courses, in the hunting field, he had bought not from any wish to
acquire it, but so that he might not appear to be different from other
people in a matter of so little importance to himself, and one that
after all entailed no sacrifice, in view of his gentlemanly upbringing
and social connexions; he continued to buy this experience, in
instalments, and at a high price, whenever he felt an overpowering
need to attach himself to the solid foundations of human beastliness
so as to escape from or to resist certain strange impulses, certain
caprices of the imagination, the maddening uncertainties of the brain.
He would devote himself then to violent exercise with a coolness which
at times repelled himself even, or to sensual pleasures, the scented
and dazzling outward refinement of which was powerless to conceal
their grim vulgarity.

But in his inertia he felt the gnawing tooth; amid the cravings of his
enforced inactivity, he felt himself stifled, all the more in that he
compelled himself to repress those cravings, rather than let himself
be conspicuous, ever. And while he smiled, as he listened at the club
or elsewhere to the silly chatter of his friends, dangling his foot or
stroking his beard, he would coldly imagine some sudden outburst which
would throw into a confusion at once ridiculous and alarming all this
fatuous, artificial world, in which it seemed incredible to him that
other people could seriously live and find contentment. Other people?
What about himself? In what world did he live? He was not contented,
it was true; but what did he gain by being discontented? Why, these
cravings. No ephemeral desires, no satisfying of appetites did his
senses find there: to withdraw would not have cost him any effort of
will; indeed, he had to make an effort to remain there, as though to
him it were the performance of an irksome duty, the payment of a

On the other hand, would it not drive him mad if he were to remain
entirely by himself? So great was his discontent with his own arid
existence, with no germ in it of warm, living desires. At night,
sometimes, as he returned home with the blackest of black dogs on his
back, he felt so strongly the impression that he was going to find, in
the solitude of his villino, his own spirit, which had not stirred
from the house, and would greet him presently from the mirror with a
sneer on its face, and ask him if it was a fine night outside, if
there was a moon, if one of the electric lamps had not spluttered at
him as he passed, or if Saint Paul, tired of standing, had not sat
down upon the Antonine column; so strongly did he feel this
impression, that he would turn back, to keep his body out of doors,
and not expose it to such derision. There it was, his fine body, sleek
and well-tended, smartly dressed... who was going to quarrel with it
at that time of night? He would stop for a moment to listen to the
nocturnal silence round him; it seemed to him that this silence was
burrowing backward into time, into the past history of Rome, and was
becoming terrible. A shudder ran down his back. The night lay heavy
upon a city thousands of years old, through which he was passing, an
empty, pigmy shadow, which a breath of air would have swept away.

>From these not infrequent lapses he was invariably recalled to himself
by the arrival from Palermo, uninvited and always ready for anything,
of a friend, perhaps the only true friend that he had: Lino Apes,
editor of the Nuova Eta: Socrates, Lando called him. And indeed, Lino
Apes did remind one of Socrates, in his ugliness and in his humour:
tall, all neck and no shoulders, with arms that dangled down to his
knees, a receding forehead, a pug nose, and a pair of keen, darting
eyes, which began to laugh before his mouth, both eyes and mouth half
hidden by his thick overhanging eyebrows and bristling moustaches

Without a penny to his name, amid incredible hardships cheerfully
borne, he had supported himself during his student days, and graduated
in Literature and Philosophy; devoid of ambition, he had turned to
teaching on lines of his own in an elementary school, greatly to the
delight of his pupils and the annoyance of the headmaster, who dared
not rebuke him officially. He spent the rest of the day squandering in
conversation the inexhaustible treasure of his ideas, which, after a
long circulation, returned to him barely recognizable, each of them
stamped by the foolishness or vanity of whoever had appropriated it.
His talk was a perennial fount of the most specious arguments, from
which would suddenly flash a new and strange light that made
everything unexpectedly simple and clear.

Lino Apes had many times proved to Lando Laurentano that, in calling
himself a Socialist, he was lying with the most innocent sincerity; he
saw himself not as he was, but as he would have liked to be. Which, he
maintained, is what happens to all of us, and makes us ridiculous.

Socialist, a man without discipline? Socialist, an enemy, not of this
or that order, but of order as a whole, of every definite form? A
Socialist he was for the moment: for that great moment of flood for
which he longed. But the majority of Socialists, for that matter, were
just the same, and he might console himself with the thought, or
rather feel contempt for them. In any event, he would always have one
distinguishing feature: that of being the one rich man among a crowd
of poor and of having his blood sucked by them all, including himself,
Lino Apes, editor of the _Nuova Eta_ and private inspector of the
village schools endowed by H.E. the young Prince of Laurentano. Lando
enjoyed listening to him. Anything that other people might say to him
left him discontented and unsatisfied, as did anything that he might
say himself, albeit he quite recognised that it was often to the
point. He recognised also that ever so many people spoke better than
himself; but what after all was the value of all those words, all
those arguments, all those sound ideas, all those sensible
observations? Inwardly, he uttered an exasperated cry of protest: "No,
no, it is not that!" though he could not for the life of him have told
what else it could be. But all the rest, the sparks, the lightning
flashes that blazed in his spirit, were not to be expressed in words:
he would have been thought mad, had he expressed them. Well, Lino
Apes, Socrates, had this faculty: he could express them, yet he was
reckoned wise.

He had received from him, of late, letter after letter, each of them
urging him in the strongest language to return to Sicily. Never had
the cocks in the scorched farmyards held their crests so fiery and
erect, never had they hurled their clarion more defiantly across the
fields to salute the rising sun, which for the first time, after an
agelong night, was stirring the consciousness of the workers.
Consciousness? For want of a better word. For the Church they had
substituted the Fascio; and looked to it for all the miracles demanded
in vain of its predecessor. But fanaticism was at its height: and so
miracles were possible and the task of the spellbinders mere child's
play. The floodgates were strained to bursting point, and in another
moment the torrent might sweep away "the tainted seats of the
bourgeois domination" unprotected now by a military garrison. He must
hasten to the spot and take action before Sicily was invaded by troops
and the reaction began.

Lando was stirred by the call to action, but could not tear himself
from Rome at the moment. The bank scandal was like a fiery crater
yawning before the steps of the national Parliament: one after
another, as they emerged from its doors, the putrid carcasses of the
"old patriotism" would be hurled into it; and that fire, by devouring
them, would purge the country. The spectacle was quite enlivening in
its obscene terror. But it might not have been so, perhaps, to Lando,
had he not been waiting with fierce anxiety to see engulfed in that
crater one man: Corrado Selmi.

Ah, at last!... Already he could see him like a tree half stripped by
the heat of the approaching lava: perhaps even before being touched by
the devouring tide of fire, he would vanish in a roaring blaze. And
Lando hoped that his spirit would be illuminated by that blaze. Ah, if
only for a moment! The harm that man had done him was past remedy: it
had permanently clouded his life, had destroyed for ever all hope of
turning back, of again approaching her who in his first manhood had
made him realize eternity in a flash of light: a light that sparkled
from a pair of dark eyes and a fleeting smile, one evening in May,
upon the lighted sea front at Palermo, amid the rattle of carriage
wheels, the odour of seaweed that rose from the water, the scent of
orange-blossom that was wafted from the gardens. For the divine,
ineradicable memory of that instant he would certainly have returned
to his cousin; almost without remorse, at least without profanation on
his part, once her old husband was dead, he could once more have made
her his own. And it was for this reason that he had repulsed her, when
she, in a moment of madness, had sought with a frenzied desperation to
cling to him. And that other had then taken a scoundrelly advantage of

No, he could not leave Rome at that moment.

Now, when he was summoned so urgently, for very different reasons, to
Sicily, the reason for which Mauro Mortara had come could not fail to
strike him as a grotesque tomfoolery. He felt that it was certainly
not for the pleasure of seeing him that his father wished him to be
present at this marriage ceremony, but owing to a want of confidence
on Salvo's part, which he found offensive. And, as the easiest way out
of the difficulty, he decided to write him a letter, giving him full
reassurance, after which the marriage might be celebrated without his
having to put in an appearance.

To Lino Apes he wrote that, before moving, he would like to consult
all the comrades who would be passing through Rome in the course of
the next few days on their way to the Congress at Reggio Emilia. A
meeting would be held in his house, at which Socrates must be present
with the rest. Lando would pay the cost of the journey, as well for
him as for the representatives of the principal Fasci, from whom he
desired a precise statement of the circumstances in which the battle
was to be engaged; and if these were really favourable, he would not
hesitate for a moment to dash into the fray, to risk all, and damn the

Two days after he had posted this letter, there came to his ear the
report of the Government's scandalous attempt to whitewash Selmi. This
fairly turned his stomach, and in a boiling rage he decided to go off
at once and set a match to the trains of powder that had been laid in
Sicily. Next morning, while he was discussing his immediate departure
with Mauro Mortara, he was informed that his cousin, Giulio Auriti,
was at the door.

Mauro had gone twice to Roberto's house in Via delle Colonnette, but
had not found him at home. Before leaving Rome, he would have liked
at least to have paid him his respects. He did not know Giulio, having
seen him two or three tunes only as a boy; as soon as he saw him enter
the room he gave a violent start:

"Don Stefano!" he exclaimed. "Oh, my son! Don Stefano to the life....
Every inch of him! The same face... the same figure...."

Then, observing that the young man, in his acute agitation, stood
gazing at him with a cold, frowning perplexity:

"Don't you know who I am?" he went on. "I am Mauro Mortara. Your
father died here, in these arms, with a bullet in his breast, here,
below the throat. He had a muffler round his neck, and a corner of it
had been driven into the wound: he could not speak; with those eyes of
yours, in his agony, while I held him up, he entrusted his son to my
care, your brother, whom I was thrusting away with my elbow, screening
your father's body with my own, so that he should not see it...."

Giulio Auriti clapped both his hands to his face and burst into sobs.

Lando, knowing his cousin's rigid fibre, his icy self-control, turned
and gazed at him in wonder and dismay. He went up to him; laid a hand
on his shoulder:


"You would have done better, had you let him see it!" said his cousin,
turning to Mauro, recovering himself instantly at the sound of his own
name. "He would have retained a more vivid impression. He was too
young! And he has remained young. Young and blind. I have something to
say to you," he then added, turning again to Lando, and rubbed his
eyes with the back of his hand, as though to remove any trace of

Mauro did not understand a word of this: his eyes fixed on the distant
vision of the battlefield, he shook his head slowly, and sighed:

"A fine death! A fine death! A son may weep for it; but, when you
think it over, it's a thing to rejoice at. It was a joy for us to
die! What sort of death shall we have now? Old men, soiling the beds
we lie on.... Enough; I am going. Is Don Roberto at home? I want to
bid him goodbye. I have seen Rome, though, and even huddled away in a
corner, devoured by flies, I can die content. ..."

With a careless wave of his hand he left the room.


All through the night after his talk with Francesco D'Atri, Giulio
Auriti, instead of thinking of what he ought to say to his cousin in
order to obtain the help that he was driven to ask of him,
anticipating a hostile reception, had, to screw up his courage for the
task, summoned up, amid incessant bursts of incoherent anger, thoughts
and arguments which he would not be able to express to the other; had
found comfort in saying to himself what he would not be able to say to
him; had tried to convince himself that he was really entitled to such

And it had struck him that only in appearances had his relations with
his cousin, hitherto, been cordial. What a store of undisclosed envy
and rancour had necessity brought up that night from the secret depths
of his being!

Until then he had been of the opinion that the lowliness of his
position as a clerk in a government office, concealed, at the cost of
so many sacrifices, beneath the garments of a gentleman, could not
degrade him in the eyes of his rich and titled cousin, because Lando
must know it was the result of his mother's proud, contemptuous act of
renunciation; and that so far as nobility went, his birth was in no
way inferior, in view of his father's career. But now? With Roberto
unworthily compromised in this bank scandal, and himself obliged to
sue for help, the foundations of his pride crumbled miserably, and
with them, in an instant, those of his cordiality towards his cousin.
And he had prepared himself for this talk with him as for an assault
upon an enemy. An enemy, yes, for Lando would certainly refuse to
help, knowing that the money in question had been taken by Selmi. He
himself would be obliged to confess everything. But Lando ought to
bear in mind, perdio, that neither would Roberto have been reduced to
the position of blindly doing these favours for Selmi, in return for
other favours; nor would he himself now be obliged to ask for help,
had their mother not renounced her inheritance! The money for which he
would ask him represented only a fractional part, after all, of the
fortune which his mother had contemptuously resigned to her elder
brother; and he might even claim it as an act of restitution, given
this horrible necessity. His own sacrifice in asking for it would be
just as great as Lando's in giving it.

Now, Mauro Mortara having left the room, after arousing that sudden
emotion in him by recalling the heroic death of his father, he, face
to face with his cousin who was looking at him with some dismay,
waiting, anxious and friendly, for him to begin, remained for a while
speechless, torn by his painful excitement. He screwed up his face in
a paroxysm of grief and, wringing his clasped hands until the joints

"I need your help, Lando," he said. "This is a terrible moment for me,
from which only you can deliver me, but... I warn you, by a
considerable sacrifice on your part also, moral and material."

Lando, confused, perplexed, pained by the sight of his cousin in such
agitation and distress, gathering moreover from his words the
seriousness of what he was going to ask, murmured, throwing out his

"Speak.... Anything I can do..."

"Ah, no!" Giulio at once interrupted him, stung by the commonplace
expression. "It is difficult, difficult, for me as well as for you,
don't you know. But you must remember that my life, Lando, my mother's
life, our honour, are... are in your hands, there you have it!
Bemember this, and then perhaps... I hope... you will find the
strength to make the sacrifice that I ask of you."

"You alarm me!" exclaimed Lando. "Speak; what has happened to you?"

Giulio again wrung his hands, convulsively, struck his lips with them,
still clasped, several times, keeping his eyes tightly shut. The
swollen veins on his contracted forehead showed what a tremendous
effort he was making to control himself.

"If I tell you the whole story," he broke out, wildly, "will you help

"Why not?" asked Lando, in a tone of distress. "What is it? I can't
until I know what it is all about."

"Myself," Giulio promptly replied. "Think that it concerns me alone,
or rather my mother. Keep before your mind my mother and all, all the
sorrows of our family. You do feel some regard and affection for my
mother, don't you?"

"Why of course, you know I do!" Lando assured him, shewing a genuine
interest. "Don't keep me in suspense, for heaven's sake!"

"Wait... wait..." Auriti begged him, as though he could not bear to
strike out from this stream of tenderness into the bitter waters in
which he must drown. "To us, to myself, it is everything; her pride,
her sentiment... by reason of which, without a word of complaint at
any time, we have been brought down to... this ... I don't know, I
really don't know how to tell you; but we have nothing else, we have
never had anything else except our pride... and now ... now..."

"Calm yourself, Giulio!" Lando again exhorted him, with a stir of
impatience. "I don't understand. ... You need me. Speak, tell me....
Your mother..."

"I have to prevent her from dying!" cried Giulio. "At any cost! And
you have got to help me, Lando; and to help me you must make the
sacrifice of overcoming all resentment, every reason for hatred of a
man who is the cause of all this ruin, and whom I detest and curse as
heartily as you do and would like to see lying dead, by the same
torture, with the same infamy that he is inflicting upon us!"

Lando at once stiffened, and knitted his brows.

"You mean Selmi?" he asked. "Roberto... with Selmi?"

Giulio nodded his head; then, briefly, concisely, explained his
brother's position and the steps that must be taken to save him,
omitting any reference to his conversation overnight with H.E. the
Minister D'Atri.

But Lando, already forewarned, his thoughts concentrated on a single
point, gathered nothing more at first from his cousin's breathless
appeal than that saving Roberto from his predicament meant saving
Selmi as well, and that Selmi's safety might still be dependent upon
that of his cousin. He looked Giulio in the face, as though he were
only now conscious of his presence in the room:

"What?" he exclaimed, in amazement. "You come to me, Giulio, and ask
this? To me, of all people?"

Crushed by this question, uttered in such a tone of amazement, Giulio
lost his head for a moment, and, as though his passion had melted into
an envenomed bitterness:

"To whom... to whom else?" he stammered. "You know what my family....
And besides ... remember, I asked you, when I came in, to make a

"A sacrifice, indeed! No!" Lando shouted. "It is not in human nature!
You come to me and ask this? Why, don't you know what that man means
to me?"

"That is why I told you..." Giulio attempted to interpose.

"What did you tell me? No!" Lando again broke out. "You come to me,
Giulio, and say: 'Here is the weapon, the one weapon with which you
can slay the enemy who still escapes your vengeance; but no! This
weapon you must not use; you must rather help me to conceal it, to
destroy it, so as to save him!' That is what you come and tell me!"

"Because you are thinking of Selmi, that is why, you are thinking of
Selmi and are incapable of thinking of anyone else!" Auriti moaned. "I
knew it! When I have told you all, will you give me your help?"

"Help?" Lando again retorted. "You call this help? On my part, it
would be complicity! Do you wish me to be your accomplice in saving

"There you go!" cried Giulio. "Roberto! I want to save Roberto! My
mother! What do I care about Selmi? I hate him, I tell you, I detest
him as much as you do! But I must save Roberto...."

Lando, with a violent effort, succeeded in forcing himself to keep
calm in the face of his cousin's blind, despairing obstinacy. He
decided to try and reason with him.

"Excuse me," he began. "Look here, Giulio, answer me one thing. Is
Roberto guilty? Do you believe him guilty?"

"Guilty or innocent," replied Giulio, quivering with rage, "that is
not the point! He is compromised!"

"But he can defend himself, good God!" Lando at once retorted.

"Thank you! I know he can. But I have got to prevent his being
charged, his being arrested, don't you understand?" Auriti explained.
"1 know that he can defend himself! And if he should refuse to defend

"Oh, in that case... why, of course!" Lando assented. "You and I

"No, thank you!" Giulio declined the offer, in a burst of scorn. "Help
in words, thank you! I can manage that. I had no need to come to you."

"Pardon me," said Lando, with a note of irritation in his voice. "The
only honest form of help ... the only true, the only honourable
defence, must be this. Payment would be complicity. Roberto ought to
speak; not to make himself Sehni's accomplice, by keeping silence and
paying up for him."

"And you propose, then," demanded Giulio, "that he should submit to
the ignominy of arrest and imprisonment, when I can still save him
from it?"

"With money?"

"With money, with money," Giulio repeated. "Honesty, dishonesty, what
are you getting at now? It is enough for me to know that he is honest,
in my own conscience! Who would believe in his honesty to-morrow, if
he were arrested today? Who ever believes in the defence, in the
words of a man who has been in prison? Lando, for pity's sake, let us
make the experiment... think only of Roberto! You, mark my words, you
refuse me your help just now, simply and solely because you wish to
make Roberto the instrument of your vengeance!"

"No, that is not true!" Lando emphatically denied the suggestion. "But
I cannot make myself, don't you see, the instrument of Selmi's
salvation? You are inflicting an inhuman torture on me! I cannot, I
must not submit to it! For Roberto, I would do anything! But if
Roberto is hopelessly involved with Selmi, and my help to one may be
of service to the other, no, I cannot give it, nor can you ask it of

Giulio Auriti remained silent for a while, brooding darkly.

"Then the answer is no?" he said at length, raising his head and
looking his cousin in the face.

To this categorical question, Lando, filled with a profound pity, was
incapable of replying with another curt refusal. He clasped his hands
together, went up to Auriti, and said:

"But quite apart from, any personal reason, Giulio, think... think of
my associations, of my views, the ideas for which I am fighting.... I
could not, after this, take my place among my comrades in this work of
purifying the country which we have undertaken..."

He realized at once that he ought not to be speaking thus, and at the
same time was unable to stop, albeit he noticed with dismay how his
cousin's face darkened at every word that he spoke. Finally he saw him
spring to his feet, convulsed with rage.

"Purifying, oh yes!" exclaimed Giulio Auriti, with a horrible sneer.
"You are in a position to purify! You are the pure in heart, you
people! We, I, Roberto, my father, too, if he were alive..."

"Giulio! Giulio!" Lando tried to stop him, genuinely pained.

But Auriti, beside himself, went on shouting:

"Tainted, all of us! And I would coin false money, yes, and rob a
bank, to have these forty thousand lire, which you have got and I
haven't. And because I haven't got them, I am tainted! You have
them, and are pure! But just bear in mind that my mother, after all,
could have had the money, and refused to take it, because she regarded
it as tainted!"

Lando drew himself up to his full height and, standing in the middle
of the room, looked his cousin up and down with a frigid dignity: "My
money," he said, "is, as you know, only what came to me from _my_

But, having uttered this retort, he at once regretted it, and his face
clouded with disgust at the trivial crudity of the turn the discussion
was taking. It flashed across his mind that, by an unfair arrangement,
in his mother's family, too, one member had paid with a life of
poverty for a warm-hearted act of rebellion; it occurred to him that
among all the reasons for which, in his youthful fervour, he had
wished to make Giannetta Montalto his, he had included this, namely
the restoration to her of a part at least of all that had been taken
from her disinherited father. He guessed that his cousin would reply
to his arrogant, ill-considered assertion and would drag down the
sordid squabble to lower depths still.

And indeed Giulio Auriti, contorting his worried features, striking
his clenched fists together and then spreading out his hands before
his eyes that were flashing with a blaze of scorn, sneered:

"Your mother's money too, for that matter!"

And Lando, under this provocation, once again could not restrain

"My mother's money?" he demanded, planting himself in front of the

Giulio Auriti passed his hand over a brow cold with sweat, covered his
eyes, collapsed miserably:

"Don't make me say any more!"

Lando stood gazing at him, or rather into him; then remarked, crudely
and coldly, in a subdued tone, through his teeth, isolating each

"And even if I admitted what you think, would you have me pay a debt
contracted by Selmi to pay for the whims of a woman who is in a
position to object to my mother's money? Go, go, go... for goodness'
sake, go away!" he broke out, screening his own eyes also. "I can
never look you in the face again!"

He heard his cousin leave the room, but still remained for a long time
with his hands over his face, in the horror that he felt at having
touched the lurid depths of a reality to which he could never have
expected to descend, and the horrible impression of which would always
remain in his mind. Now, rising again from those depths, into which he
had slithered for a moment, would not everything round about him seem
false and vacuous and foul? In all his feelings, ideas, actions,
words, would not some mark remain, the imprint of the mud he had

With tight shut eyes, set teeth and lips parted, dry and bitter, he
rubbed his hands vigorously. Then he opened his eyes, looked round
the room; he felt himself stifling, and went across to a window that
overlooked the garden.

Everything, ah, everything was the same!... Everything was disgusting
at that moment! The pestilence was in the air. The whole social
carcass was rotting, and with it his soul, all his thoughts, all his
feelings... everything in decay, everything filthy.....


Three days later, in the big library, were assembled the comrades who
were on their way to the Socialist Congress at Reggio Emilia; the
representatives of the more numerous Fasci of the Island, invited by
Lando; a few Deputies, his friends, some Milanese of the Italian
Labour Party, and Lino Apes.

Conspicuous among this crowd of men was a girl in a red jacket and
black sailor hat, with a cock's feather boldly erect at one side:
Celsina Pigna, who had come in place of Luca Lizio to represent the
Fascio of Girgenti.

Everyone was determined not to shew surprise at her presence; but she
did not fail to observe the rapid, furtive glances that all of them
cast at her, especially the less youthful; and remarked, laughing
quietly to herself, that the few who obstinately refrained from
looking at her assumed for her benefit languid or haughty poses, and
for her benefit, when they spoke, gave certain modulations to their
voices, some plangent, others bold, all of which alike betrayed that
animal excitement which a woman's presence is wont to arouse in men.
She remarked further in more than one of them a different form of
ostentation: namely, an almost contemptuous indifference, which
betrayed their secret discomfort at finding themselves in a rich and
well-appointed house.

Lando Laurentano had not yet arrived. Lino Apes, in his name, had
begged the company to excuse him, promising that he would join them
immediately. While they waited, several groups had formed: two by the
windows overlooking the garden, one by the table set at the end of the
room for the chairman of the meeting. Some were pacing the floor,
wrapped in thought, others were reading the titles on the backs of the
books in the shelves, straining their ears to catch what was being
said in one or other of the groups. A few were keeping a stealthy
watch on one of the Deputies, who, striding up and down the room with
his fingers thrust into the pockets of his waistcoat, kept shrugging
his shoulders from time to time, thrusting his head forward and, to
indicate his surprise and sympathy, stiffening the line of his mouth
beneath the shaggy red moustaches that were already turning grey.

This was the Republican Deputy Spiridione Covazza, who had recently
published a disparaging criticism, in a French review, of the
organization of the proletariat forces in Sicily. Seeing himself
avoided by everyone, he seemed by his gesture to be saying:
"Incredible!" And yet he must have known that his crime was that of
seeing all manner of things which other people did not see, and of
giving to them an importance which other people did not yet feel,
because in the heat of passion everything seems to rise up to the
level of our own feelings. Illusions: soap bubbles, which may at any
moment turn into leaden bullets. As those poor peasants knew only too
well who had been shot down at Caltavuturo.

He had written for that French review what he conscientiously believed
to be the truth; in his usual style, rudely and crudely. But they
implied that he took a savage delight in setting forth like that, at
the wrong time and in the wrong place, the most unpalatable truths, in
killing with the frost of his arguments all enthusiasm, every flame of
the ideal, to which, notwithstanding, he was irresistibly drawn.

A beetle with the wings of a moth, so Lino Apes had defined him in the
_Nuova Eta_; when he touched the flame, the moth's wings vanished, the
beetle remained.

Calumny and ingratitude! The fact of the matter was that he felt it
his duty to remain frigid among all these youthful flames, for, if
these were not fires of straw, he himself would be kindled by them in
time; and if they were, he was acting in the common interest in
quenching them.

Doubtless his personal appearance, at once sleek and unkempt, the
pale, glassy eyes, that peered sharply through his spectacles, his
beak of a nose, the sound of his voice, combined to give people that
impression of him, to arouse in everyone a repulsion all the more
irritating, in that afterwards they were all bound to admit that
events had almost invariably proved him to be in the right, to admit
his vast and profound learning, the rectitude of his mind and
conscience, the honesty of his intentions, and to respect and indeed
admire his brutal and contemptuous frankness and the courage with
which he challenged unpopularity.

For this hostile reception, meanwhile, Spiridi-one Covazza knew that
he was indebted principally to three young Sicilians, who were
surrounded at that moment by a fervent crowd of admirers: Bixio Bruno,
Cataldo Sclafani and Nicasio Ingrao, who had felt themselves to be
especially injured by his criticism.

Each of them formed the centre of one of the three groups that had
collected in the room. Bixio Bruno, tall and slim, with his bold
olive-hued face and thick, curling, negroid hair, was explaining with
fluent, highly coloured eloquence, curving his full, red lips in a
faint smile of self-satisfaction, how in a short time he had succeeded
in uniting in a single Fascio the six-and-twenty workmen's
corporations, the discordant guilds, whose discarded banners now hung
side by side in the hall as trophies of victory. He appeared to be
full of confidence and sure of a triumph. People were expecting at any
moment a reaction on the part of the Government, dissolution of the
Fasci, arrests, military occupation. But the good seed had been sown!
Any suppression, any persecution would only enhance the greatness of
the victory. How could anyone arrest three hundred thousand men? No.
The leaders alone, a few dozen members, at the most; very well, the
secret leaders had been appointed, their names still unknown to the
police, and their propaganda would continue and he more effective than

Cataldo Sclafani, big and sturdy, with a beard like a quickset hedge,
was discoursing to the second group, with prophetic inspiration; he
was saying with smiling emphasis that down yonder, where the dayspring
of national unity had first risen, it was fated that there should now
break the redder, more fiery dawn of the deliverance of the oppressed.
Yes, everyone knew, of course, that already in the Romagna, in the
Modenese, in the Provinces of Reggio Emilia and Parma, in the
Cremonese, the Mantuan country, the Polesine, Italian Socialism had
emerged to fight its first battle; but it was a very different state
of affairs to-day in Sicily! A revelation, astounding, prodigious!

Lino Apes, as he listened to him, was almost tugging out his
moustaches by the roots, in his efforts to repress a smile. He, in his
letters to Lando, called Cataldo Sclafani the Messiah of the Fasci.

In the third group Nicasio Ingrao, rough and stunted, with a black,
warty birthmark covering half his face, was talking to the Deputies,
putting such polish as he could on his native dialect, and alternating
with strange gesticulations between the foulest imprecations and an
innocent, childlike appeal; he was speaking of the crisis in the
Sicilian sulphur industry, and of the appalling distress among the
sulphur workers, who had now been locked out for some months.

One of the comrades, the head of the Fascio of Comitini, was trying to
convey to the Deputies all that Ingrao, who owned land and houses at
Aragona, had done and was doing for these sulphur workers, to prevent
their being led on to acts of sabotage, incendiarism and bloodshed;
but Ingrao flew at him and silenced him, threatening to fell him to
the ground with his fist, if he said another word.

Celsina Pigna, from the corner to which she had withdrawn, burst out
laughing at this comic display of violence, and Ingrao asked her,
laughing himself as well:

"Shall I slay him, Signorina?"

In the three groups all the rest of the islanders, young men between
twenty and thirty, as they listened to the words of these three
leaders, men who were in the public eye, were swelling with pride, and
almost moved to tears. They were confident, in their sincere youthful
fatuity, that they were playing a part without precedent in history,
even there in Rome. They had seen, at the feet of these three leaders
of the Central Committee, thousands of women, thousands of peasants,
whole populations of islanders, delirious, throwing flowers, falling
on their faces on the ground, weeping and shouting, as in the old days
before the images of their Saints.

The whole party turned as one man and moved towards Lando Laurentano
as he hurried into the room. With apologies for his lateness, he shook
hands with those of his guests who reached him first, asked them all
to take their seats, and, as soon as silence was restored, began:

"I have kept you waiting, gentlemen, for a reason which is perhaps not
unconnected with our interests, with the interests especially of so
many of our comrades who, more than any of us, in my opinion, need our
help at this moment, down in Sicily."

"The sulphur workers!" cried Ingrao, springing to his feet, as though
he himself were their natural protector. "I understand!" he added.
"You mean that the engineer, Aurelio Costa, is here? I understand. Ah,
he travelled up with me, that gentleman! We had a long talk, and..."

Lando raised his hand in an appeal for silence.

"The engineer Aurelio Costa, precisely," he went on, "manager of the
sulphur pits of Salvo, who, I understand, is one of the wealthiest
mine-owners in the Province of Girgenti, has come to Rome to interest
the Sicilian Deputies in a scheme..."

"Allow me!" Ingrao again interrupted. "Don't let us waste time,
gentlemen! Let me explain to you how matters stand. Signor Salvo is
shortly to be connected, through a sister of his, with the Prince of

A murmur of protest rose at Ingrao's rudeness to Lando, to whom every
eye now turned in apology for the discourtesy. But Lando, with a
smile, hastened to interpose:

"Not with me, please! Not with me!"

Whereupon Ingrao, with an angry shrug, shouted:

"Holy Mother of God, what do you take me for? Didn't I say the
Prince? Would I call our revered friend, our beloved host and comrade,
Prince? Not that it makes any difference, but he knows that it adds
nothing to his dignity if we call him Prince, and he knows that we do
not wish to degrade him by calling him simply Laurentano. I allude to
the Prince his father; and Lando Laurentano cannot take offence at my
words. If he does, he's a silly idiot; I rise to speak, instead of
him, because he lives in Rome, I live among the sulphur pits, and I
know that the sole object of Signor Salvo's scheme is to curry favour
with the Prince's son, by letting him see that he has the welfare of
the sulphur workers at heart. Stuff and nonsense! Dust in our eyes!
Signor Salvo knows as well as I do that his scheme is all damned rot.
Yes, gentlemen, I call a spade a spade. If he really wants to do
something, let Signor Salvo clear out of the sulphur pits that he owns
the so-called _botteghe_, the truck-shops where the workers are forced
to provide themselves with the hare necessities of life, at a hundred
per cent profit to him: wine, that is nothing but vinegar; bread, that
is made of stones!"

Spiridione Covazza thereupon asked leave to speak, the whole company
turning to face him with a hostile expression.

"Are you going to defend the truck-shops next?" Ingrao jeered.

Covazza did not turn a hair.

"I should like to know," he said quietly, "the general outlines of
this scheme."

"I tell you it is all damned rot!" Ingrao again shouted.

Covazza held up his hand, still quite calm and composed.

"Really," he said, "shouting is not argument. I too have lived in the
sulphur country; I have carefully studied the conditions of the
industry, the complicated reasons for the crisis; and I can tell you
frankly that if in present conditions the people who have least to
hope for are the miners and carters, the prospects of the exploiters
of the pits and the landowners are no less dismal; and if this

He was unable to proceed. All the representatives of the Fasci sprang
to their feet protesting. Lando interposed, tried to calm them, urged
them to respect one another's opinions and suggested that one of their
number should be appointed forthwith to preside over the discussion.

"Bruno! Bruno! Bixio Bruno!" the cry rose from different parts of the

And Bixio Bruno, accustomed by this time to see himself chosen in this
capacity, in two strides had reached the table that stood in readiness
at the end of the room.

"Gentlemen," he began. "We find ourselves, by indirect channels,
carried into the heart of our discussion. The Hon. Covazza, in one of
his recent articles..."

"Published abroad!" came a voice from the other end of the room.

"Abroad or in Italy, what does it matter!" retorted Bruno. "Our ideas,
our party know nothing of national frontiers. In this article the Hon.
Covazza has found fault with my work and with the work of my

Spiridione Covazza, his arms folded on his breast, shook his head in

"No?" Bruno queried. "How do you mean? Didn't you say that our
propaganda was all a tissue of moonshine?"

"I said," Covazza replied, rising to his feet, "that your honest
definitions of a liberty that shall confer, really and fully, the
right to satisfy the needs of life; the explanations that you give of
class warfare, the spoiled versus the spoilers, and of the programme
of the Marxist school in general, with the minor programme that you
have framed for yourselves must turn, inevitably and most regrettably,
to moonshine, owing to the ignorance of the people to whom they are
addressed. So much I did say! And I went on..."

Confused sounds of protest again rose from the meeting. Bruno thumped
the table with his fist to command silence.

"Let him speak!"

"I went on to say," Covazza repeated, "that you, blinded by the
fervour of your sincere and youthful faith, imagine that your
definitions and explanations are really understood."

"So they are! So they are!" his listeners shouted in chorus.

"They are not! They cannot be!" Covazza was emphatic in his
denial. "How do you expect them to be, if you don't understand them
properly yourselves?"

A storm of shouts broke out at this assertion. Bruno, Lando
Laurentano, Lino Apes, the Deputies tried for a while to subdue it.
Spiridione Covazza waited with bowed head and shut eyes until they
should succeed; at one point he put his hands together and, raising
them to his face, bent his head lower still to hide his face in them,
bowing his obese person with an effort; then spreading them out in a
sweeping gesture and straightening himself again, he pleaded almost
tearfully: "Do not compel me, gentlemen, by any false regard for your
misconceived self-esteem, do not compel me to modify one iota of the
truth by concessions which would make you and myself alike blush for
shame, and might at a time like this be pernicious! How many of you
really know Marx? Four, five, not more! Be honest! None of the rest
of you has any real knowledge of what is required; yes, yes, I assure
you!--nor of the best means of securing it, being all of you
infatuated by a sentimental Socialism, which wreathes its brows with
magic promises of justice and equality. But do you know what the word
justice means to the peasants and sulphur workers of Sicily? It means
violence! Bloodshed, that's what it means! Massacre! Because in legal
justice, in the justice based upon right and reason they have never
believed, seeing it invariably trampled underfoot to their hurt! I
know them, a great deal better than you do, the peasants and sulphur
workers of Sicily... yes, alas, a great deal better than you do! You
deceive yourselves! You say to them: collectivism--they understand you
to mean division of land, share and share alike! You say to them:
abolition of wages--they interpret it as: we are all masters now, out
with your purses, count up the money, and share and share alike."

"It is not true! It is not true!" some of his listeners shouted.

"Allow me to finish!" Covazza exclaimed, momentarily out of breath.
"The other illusion that you create for yourselves concerns the
numbers enrolled in your Fasci: three thousand in one place, four
thousand in another, eight hundred, a thousand, ten thousand....
Where, how do you count them? They are empty shadows, gentlemen, mere
names and nothing more! Yes, I know from experience; as soon as the
lists are opened, they flock in like sheep: one gives the lead, all
the rest follow! But do you seriously propose to attach any
importance, to base anything upon this, which is the fruit of an
inevitable spiritual contagion? How many, once the first enthusiasm
has cooled, remain active members of your Fasci? The majority of them
drop out at the first call for the paltry weekly subscription! And how
many Fasci that have arisen to-day will be dissolved to-morrow?
Listen to a man who is not deceived, and who is not deceiving you,
gentlemen! I know that you are met here to-day to decide whether or
not yon ought to support the tendency of the masses towards immediate
action. I know that a number of you are opposed to the suggestion, and
I think them wise, and give them my vote. A serious movement, such as
you have in mind, is not yet possible in Sicily! If you think that it
has already begun, and by your doing, you deceive yourselves! To my
mind it is nothing more than a passing fever, a delirium of

Spiridione Covazza sat down, mopping the sweat from his congested
face, while ten, fifteen of his audience rose simultaneously to demand
the floor of the house.

Cataldo Sclafani spoke in a voice of thunder and apparently more in
sorrow than in anger, since it was not the accusation itself that
could offend him, but the thought that anyone was capable of accusing
him, and with him his comrades.

"I rise, not to defend myself," he said, "but to explain!"

What was the strength of the Fasci? The heads of the more important of
them were present, and each of them could inform the Hon. Covazza how
his members were counted and how many there were. The Fasci, according
to the latest statistics issued by the Central Committee, numbered one
hundred and sixty-three firmly established, with thirty-five in course
of formation. There did really exist, therefore, a great army of
workers in Italy, in which one did not know whether most to admire the
fervour, the intelligence or the discipline with which they acted upon
a signal from the Central Committee. The head of each Fascio passed
the word of command to the various section leaders, and they in their
turn to the heads of districts and streets; in the twinkling of an
eye, by day or night, all the members of the Fasci could receive a
message. And if to-morrow the workers were to rise, the whole
population of Sicily would be swept as by a tide of fire. Because for
years past the fire had been smouldering in Sicily, ever since she had
been seen to be lying in the sea like a stone at which the bogt of
Italy was aiming a kick in return for all she had done for the
so-called Unity and Independence of the country.

Why say that only in the last year had there been talk of Socialism in
Sicily? Had there not been, as many as eighteen years ago, a section
of the International there? And ever since then, party organs had
continued to appear; and clubs, groups, centres had been formed here
and there, so that, as soon as the idea of the Fasci first arose,
there had been an immediate rallying and re-enlistment of old comrades
in the faith.

It was not true therefore that the rapid formation of the Fasci was
due solely to the persistent and vigorous propaganda carried on by the
younger generation: the soil had long since been prepared; all that
was lacking was unity, direction; and all that the young people had
needed to do was to utter a call and point out the way, the same way
that the proletariat of other countries had been treading for years
past. The peasants and workers of Sicily had rallied to the young men
with outstretched arms, crying: "You, you are our true friends!" and
were prepared to follow them with joy in their hearts, fully conscious
of what was required of them.

And, in proof of this consciousness, Cataldo Sclafani referred, with
emotion, to the speeches delivered at the last congress at Palermo by
certain women from Piana dei Greci and Corleone; speeches which proved
in the clearest manner that it was not the artificial light of an
academic culture, nor any lecture-room theory that was required to
arouse the said consciousness, but the daily experience of hardship
and injustice, and the simplest and most spontaneous indication of the
remedy for all these evils: unity!

Sentimental Socialism? But the creative force is nothing more nor less
than sentiment, not cold reason, armed with doctrine! What mattered
the abstract notion of a right, when there was the immediate and
overpowering sentiment of a need? That a man should feel his own
right with the same force with which he feels the pangs of hunger was
worth a thousand times more than any precise theoretical demonstration
of that right. Not to mention that this sentiment had now become a
firm and clear consciousness, and displayed itself in every possible
way. A true spirit of brotherhood had diffused itself among the
peasants and workers, whereby, in the frequent arrests of recent days,
they had seen the comrades who remained at liberty supporting the
prisoners and their families; when anyone was in distress, prompt
succour from all the rest, and personal attention and loving care.
Take for instance the nightly patrol by the decurions of the highways
and taverns in town and country, in case the brethren be led to acts
of violence, when heated with wine.

"These are your demagogues, Hon. Covazza!" Cataldo Sclaf ani exclaimed
in conclusion, his eyes ablaze with excitement and with the emotion
his own words aroused in him. "You should be ashamed of your
accusations! There are here to-day, in Rome, two generations, face to
face. Look at the spectacle that the old men present, and then look
at us young men. To-morrow, from here, the Government, which protects
all those who for years past have made of their love of their country,
rolled up, and worn on the arm, a shield against the stones flung by a
censorious populace, will send an armed force to Sicily to stifle by
violence this great stirring of a new life which we young men have set
in motion there! Hitherto the majority of the Central Committee, of
which I am a member, have been opposed to immediate action. But the
day will soon come, I foresee, when the impatience so long held in
check will break loose, and we leaders will not be able to control the
people without immolating ourselves."

Lando Laurentano, sitting beside Lino Apes, listened to Sclafani's
long speech with bowed head, pulling his beard with nervous fingers,
and glancing to right and left of him in turn.

This meeting in his house reminded him of the dress rehearsal of a
play. All these young men had their parts assigned to them, and he
felt that, by dint of constant rehearsing, they had learned them by
heart, and were repeating them with an artificial fervour. The vast
chorus was lacking, being in Sicily. Oh yes, he spoke well, with a
fine apostolic emphasis, that Cataldo Sclafani; he deserved in some
respects the deafening roars of applause, the praise of the chorus,
had it been present. In love with his part, he would play it with
perfect coherence even when facing the muskets of a firing party, on
the barrack square; or, were he arrested, before his judges, in a
court of justice.

Why was it that only he himself had not yet succeeded in finding a
part to play? Why still, still within him, did the despairing cry of
protest sound: "No, this is not it!"

What did all these comrades really want? Little enough, for the
moment, in Sicily. They wanted, by the unity and resistance of the
workers, to induce the landlords and mineowners to agree to more
humane terms, to abolish the starvation wage, usury, sweating, the
burden of unfair municipal taxation, so that the workers should be
assured not indeed of comfort, but at least of enough to provide for
the primary necessities of life. They wanted, modestly adapting
themselves to local conditions, to establish a co-operative system of
production and consumption and to control the public services; after a
few years, to triumph in the municipal and provincial elections of the
Island; to head the poll in a few parliamentary divisions, so as to
have preachers and prophets of the most crying needs of the poor in
the municipal and provincial councils and in the Chamber of Deputies.

So much they wanted. And rightly. Admirable were the faith and
constancy with which they were carrying on this task of protection and
defence. What more did he want? There was nothing more to want or to
do, for the time being. Why all this excitement, then, and all this
ferment to secure what nobody, perhaps, outside the Island, would ever
have imagined not to exist there already: that in every isolated
little cottage in the fields the flickering oil lamp should no longer
shew to the father, returning home spent with toil, the sleeping forms
of his supperless children by a fireless hearth? That creatures should
be put in the way of becoming and of feeling themselves to be men,
whom a life of hardship had brought lower than the beasts that perish?
But a sound agrarian law, a moderate reform of the conditions of
tenure, a slight increase in the meagre rate of wages, partnership
(_mezzadria_) upon honest terms, such as obtained in Tuscany and
Lombardy, such as he himself had granted on his own estate, would be
sufficient to satisfy and appease those poor wretches without all this
clamour of threats, without any need to assume these airs of apostles,
prophets, paladins.

Honest and modest aspirations, controlled by a sort of evangelical
discipline, to be attained by degrees, in course of time and with a
clear consciousness of the right that was being withheld! Could he
feed his mind upon these and not think of something more? No, no: this
was not enough for him! Had it been enough, then, by thunder, he would
give away all his fortune, and then, perhaps, as a poor man, would
find in these aspirations food for his restless spirit. But as things
were, no, they could not suffice him!

All of a sudden, as he turned to look at Lino Apes, he heard ringing
in his ears, like a peal of sardonic laughter, the lines from
Leopardi's _Hymn to Italy_:

 To arms, to arms, and I alone Will fight, and I will fall alone!

And he sprang to his feet at the applause which at that moment broke
out from all parts of the room to crown the eloquent ispeech of
Cataldo Sclafani, nor could he help going forward with all the rest to
clasp the orator's hand.

But Lino Apes, from his seat, with his Socratic smile on his lips and
in his eyes, inquired in loud tones:

"Well, gentlemen, and what is our conclusion?"

The discussion appeared to be finished; the account settled; and
everyone was feeling a sense of relief, as though rid of a heavy
burden. At this challenge from Apes they looked one another in the
face, surprised, pained, and drifted hack quietly to their places.

"Nature, gentlemen," Lino Apes went on, as soon as he saw them all
seated, "nature, in its eternity, may fail to come to a conclusion, or
rather it cannot and does not ever come to a conclusion. Man has to
come to a conclusion, he must come to a conclusion; or at least must
imagine that he has come to some conclusion; man! Well then,
gentlemen, what is to be our conclusion? We are men, and we are met
here for the purpose. But I can read the answer in your eyes. You
have no desire for a conclusion, albeit you are not eternal! You have
made a journey. Many among you will be continuing your journey, to
Reggio Emilia. Here in Rome, those of you who are here for the first
time have much to see; and time presses. Forgive me for speaking like
this: you know that I see things on a minute scale, and I speak as I
see. I have little faith in the conclusions of men, all of whom, at a
certain point, looking hack upon the past, considering their works and
their days, shake their heads sorrowfully and admit: 'Yes, we have
grown rich,' or 'Yes, we have done this, that, or the other--but what
conclusion have we reached in the end?' Nothing, strictly speaking,
ever comes to a conclusion, because we are all part of eternal nature.
But that does not alter the fact that we people here to-day, given the
moment, ought to come to some sort of conclusion, if it be only
illusory. I tell you that this is essential, because otherwise the
workers from town and country, from the sulphur pits, will come here
on their own account, without your enlightened guidance and your
approval. And there will be a blind confusion, a savage tumult, when
there might be an ordered movement, premeditated, sure. The
consequences? Gentlemen, the man who is not born to act has to foresee
them. Do you believe that we have cause for action? Let us consider
the ways and means. The whole of Sicily is now ungarrisoned. Three or
four companies of soldiers are stationed there to support the
Offenbachian police, here to-day, gone to-morrow, wherever they may be
needed. And against them, as you have said, an entire, compact army of
workers. There is no need to arm them; we have only to disarm that
handful of soldiers, and we remain masters of the field. No? You say
no? Wait! Let me speak... God in heaven, let me conclude!"

But he could not say another word. As with frogs squatting by the edge
of a swamp, if one jumps in with a splash, all the rest, by twos and
threes, diving in, make an ever increasing din; the audience,
spellbound at first by Apes's clear reasoning, began finally, after a
first interruption, to interrupt two or three at a time; and' almost
in an instant, what with supporters and critics, a violent dispute
broke out in every part of the room.

At one end, Lando Laurentano almost implored them:

"Yes, that is right, there is something to be done, my friends..."

Elsewhere Bixio Bruno and Cataldo Sclafani were shouting:

"No! No! It would be madness! The idea! Ruination!"

And challenges, invective, suggestions rang for a while through the
room. Some of the party, Covazza among them, left the meeting in
disgust. At a certain point, one of them, quaking with terror,
dashed, calling for silence and with upraised arms, into the group in
which the dispute was raging most fiercely and exclaimed:

"Gentlemen, we are being watched!"

All eyes were turned to the two windows.

Beyond the garden railings a couple of men were indeed watching,
trying to hide behind the bushes. Celsina Pigna looked out of the
window, and, as soon as she saw them, her face turned crimson.

"No!" she could not help breaking out. "I know them.... They are
waiting for me."

Before her blushing smile and sparkling eyes the dispute subsided as
though no one thought it possible to continue it, when this flower of
girlhood, whose presence they had pretended not to notice, suddenly
sprang up before them, as though to warn them: "I am here, stop it:
there are people waiting for me!"

A little later, when everyone, except Lino Apes, had left the room,
Celsina went up to Lando Laurentano and asked him, alluding to one of
the two men who stood waiting for her beyond the railings:

"Don't you know him? He's your nephew...."

"My nephew?" said Lando in amazement, having no idea that he possessed
such a thing.

"Why, yes, Antonio Del Re," Celsina assured him. "The son of your
cousin Anna, the sister of Signor Roberto Auriti."

"Ah!" Lando exclaimed. "And why doesn'the come in?"

Celsina noticed a sudden wave of emotion passing over Laurentano's
face immediately after this question, and interpreted it in her own
way, to wit that he, suspecting some intrigue between her and his
relative, had regretted the inopportune question, and made haste to

"He is not one of us, you know! He is staying here in Rome with Signor
Roberto. He is studying at the University.... But I am afraid..."

She broke off, seeing that Laurentano, absorbed in his own thoughts,
was not listening to her; and at once went on:

"I bring you greetings from Lizio, the President of the Grirgenti
Fascio, and from my father. I, too, believe, if I may express my
opinion, that it is not time to act. We have in the Fascio of Girgenti
about eight hundred members enrolled. ... But they are mere names:
few of them attend, few of them pay..."

"Why, yes, of course..." broke in Lino Apes, a charming smile
spreading over his hideous face, as though to convey to her that he
had spoken as he did with the sole object of emptying the room. "Act?
Why it would be madness! Are they joking?"

Celsina's eyes darted flames. She could have slapped him. She smiled
at him. She held out her hand to Lando Laurentano and said:

"Excuse me. I shall leave you to yourselves."


The ex-tenor Olindo Passalacqua, honorary husband of the singing
mistress Signora Lalla Passalacqua-Bonome, not to mention reigning
censor of the _Privato Conservatorio Bonome_, had been doing
everything in his power for the last two hours to bridle the silent,
raging impatience of Antonio. He kept on talking, muttering in an
undertone, and every now and then, stealthily, if the sighing Antonio
was looking the other way, would slip his wife's watch out of his
pocket and begin: "Yes, poor fellow, you're right!" with a pantomimic
gesture of eyes, brows and lips, and a moment later, with a fresh
pantomime: "Here they are: let us follow them; come on!" And he went
on talking, talking apparently to order; but in a special, highly
comic and almost incomprehensible manner of his own, being all in fits
and starts and sidelong references to weird, remote vicissitudes in
his haphazard existence. And each digression was accompanied by a
sudden alteration of face and voice, exclamations, grimaces, gestures
of rage or joy or menace or commiseration or contempt, which left any
stranger gaping speechless who, knowing nothing of these vicissitudes,
had succeeded for any length of time in listening to him without
laughing. Such displays of astonishment gave Olindo Passalacqua great
satisfaction; they were to him a measure of the effect he produced;
and with his hands spread open fanwise he pulled up, and up, and up,
the long grey hair waved so as to conceal the bald patch on his crown,
and then with his forefingers touched the waxed needlepoints of his
dyed moustaches, either to put the finishing touch to this habitual
gesture or to make certain that they had not melted away in the heat
of his discourse.

"A pittance, a mere pittance would be enough!" he was saying. "Listen,
what does it amount to? What do two paltry lire a day amount to? And
I would be content with less! A pittance.... The wretch! Think of all
the money he flings away upon those rascals in there, who are staining
his what do you call it, again? Oh, yes, his ancestral scutcheon! The
swine! And my father-in-law, for the sake of Italy, letting the
Carolino at Palermo go all to pot.... A gold mine! _Ione_ by
itself... poor Petrella!... My battle charger.... Everything there
ruined... for these swine here! Do you hear how they're squealing? And
he a Prince, yes sir.... They ought to be ashamed of themselves....
What I say is, two lire a day for a deserving cause.... God in
heaven, a fortune like that! All got without working.... And what do
you. know about it? Infernal contracts... lifelong slavery... I,
myself, for ten years and more, a star and a slave.... Whereas here,
he has only to say yes ... I would undertake, Nino, I would undertake
personally to produce her within a year in the first theatres in
Italy. You know me; I may break, I don't... I don't..._ frangar_...
what is the expression? I could say it in Latin, damn it! My word...
if I give my word! What else have I left? My sole possession. We shall
have to feed her a little bit better at first: that I admit! But if
she comes off... if she comes off... oh, if she comes off.... And that
bastard modern music..."

Olindo Passalacqua had discovered a portentous soprano voice in the
throat of Celsino Pigna, immediately, the moment he heard her speak.

"And with her appearance, what more do you want? A furore, take my
word for it: she'll create a furore! My brother-in-law would be quite
satisfied, out of consideration for Roberto and yourself, with a mere
nothing, one lira fifty a day, even, for the cost of her board. Feed
her well ... and within a year... you don't agree?"

Antonio Del Re shook with rage whenever any of Passalacqua's remarks
succeeded in forcing its way through the turmoil of conflicting
thoughts to which he was a prey.

The day before, Celsina had suddenly called at Uncle Roberto's house,
during luncheon. Bewildered, stunned by the clamorous life of the
great city, by the unfamiliar sights, by the novel and strange
customs, he had been wholly unable to keep the promise he had made her
before leaving home, namely to find at once an opening for her in
Rome. He had written, nevertheless, to tell her that presently, as
soon as he began to settle down, he would begin to look for one; with
the private conviction, however, that not only would he not be
successful, but that he would have neither the will nor the means to
try, caught as he felt, and must for some time continue to feel
himself in a state of bewilderment which almost took his breath away
and made everything round him appear vacillating and unreal.

This bewilderment, indeed, had not only persisted, it had steadily
gone on growing, amid that precarious, eccentric, haphazard existence
in his uncle's house. How on earth had his uncle ever trained himself
to live like that, to arrange his life in a certain meticulous order
of his own, in the midst of such disorder, to find a patch of soil in
which to put down his roots?

He could place Olindo Passalacqua, Signora Lalla (Nanna, they called
her) and her brother, Pilade Bonome: gipsies; the first-named, sprung
from heaven knew where; the other two, children of a theatrical
manager, established before 1860 at Palermo, and swept away on the
Liberal tide by the young gentlemen of the Palermitan aristocracy,
assiduous frequenters of the wings of the Teatro Carolino. The
theatrical venture having failed a few years later, penniless,
"victims of the Revolution," as Olindo Passalacqua still described
them (who, immediately after his marriage to the manager's daughter,
had lost his voice); they had come to Rome, soon after '70, and had
settled upon Uncle Roberto, on the strength of an intro-duction from a
friend in Palermo.

Setting sail upon the dark sea of fate, dashing into the most
preposterous adventures, making without a moment's thought the
queerest decisions, were as simple to them as drinking a glass of
water. Here to-day, gone to-morrow; to-day abundance, to-morrow
starvation: it was enough for them every day to arrive at hedtime,
somehow, without turning back in the face of every conceivable
obstacle, of the hardest sacrifices, flinging overboard all that they
held dearest and most sacred, if only they could lighten the ship, a
ship without compass or anchor or rudder, buffeted by incessant waves
in that perpetual storm which had been their life. Nevertheless there
was this about them that was wonderful and pitiful and at the same
time comic, that albeit they had jettisoned everything without any
reserve, they had remained pure in heart, had retained a living
innocence that throbbed with finer feelings, had remained
affectionate, generous, always ready to spend themselves upon other
people, to comfort, to succour, to glow with enthusiasm for every
noble action. Anything that was improper, bad, shameful in their lives
they perhaps sincerely believed was not to be imputed to them. A
necessity to which one must turn a blind eye, or, if one eye was not
sufficient, both. With what dignity, for instance, Olindo
Passalacqua--after dining at Uncle Roberto's table, and reminding him
not to forget to make Nanna take the drops for her weak heart, or to
have the centrepiece of fruit removed at once from the table, in case,
if she were to touch, without thinking, the skin of one of the
peaches, it might make her nose bleed, poor woman, as so often
happened to her--would leave him in possession of his marriage-bed
and, bidding his wife good night, wishing them all pleasant dreams,
including the canaries and the blackbird in their cages, the parrot
Coco, on his perch; Titi, the consumptive monkey, on her chain;
Ragnetta, the cat with her collar and tie; the two old dogs, Bobbi and
Piccini, both bedridden in the same basket, one blind, the other with
his rump coated with tar; off he would go with his forefingers pressed
to the points of his moustaches, stiffened already in the rigid
severity of an unbending censor, to sleep in the private Conservatorio
of his brother-in-law Bonome in the Via dei Pontefici!

And what a crazy vessel was that table, at which four or five
strangers sat down every day, invited on the spur of the moment, or
coming in uninvited. Parliamentary friends of Uncle Roberto and
Corrado Selmi, long haired music teachers, singers of either sex! The
talk that went on there, passing often to such boisterous laughter and
fun! And how sad to see Uncle Roberto there among them all, Uncle
Roberto whom he, in the old days at home, had imagined as holding the
same ideas, the same sentiments as his grandmother and mother (nor had
he been mistaken, for every day his uncle shewed him what he thought
and felt by the most exquisite attentions, by a fatherly care of him),
how sad to see him there among them all, joining in the talk, in the
fun, and every now and then to surprise a look on his face, a pained
smile, of mortification, if he caught his nephew's eye gazing at him
with astonishment and grief!

What guidance could such an uncle give him? He might allow himself
any licence, certain of meeting with neither prohibition nor reproof
from him. He had matriculated in the Faculty of Science; but how was
he to work in that house, which rang and gurgled and echoed from
morning to night with trills and shakes and scales and exercises?
Besides, the University, so far away, the crowds of giddy and
thoughtless students, had inspired him from the first day with an
insuperable aversion, gloom, discouragement, contempt, rage; and,
taking any excuse that offered, he had not gone near the place again.
He had imagined, and the thought at once became a certainty, that any
one of those louts might take it into his head to make fun of him, so
serious and different from themselves: and what would happen then? At
the mere thought of it, his fingers became claws. The slightest
incentive, at that stage, a spark, and his fury, which it cost him
such an effort to repress, would have burst out in a terrific blaze.
He had the impression that life was somehow bottled up inside him, and
was boiling over, fomented by remorse at his idleness and by his
overpowering need to find some sort of outlet. But how was he to
escape from that idleness, if he was now quite certain that he would
never be able to do anything, since everything had become tangled and
confused in his brain? And where was he to find an outlet. He had run
about Rome from end to end, like a madman, hardly noticing anything,
wrapped up in himself, in that brooding discontent with everyone and
everything and everybody, in that continual boiling over of impetuous
thoughts which, before they acquired precision, evaporated in his
brain, leaving him empty and dazed, his features altered, distorted,
his fists clenched, his nails driven into the palms of his hands.

At length, from the dull rage that was devouring him, from that
gloomy, sour inertia, a murderous, monstrous idea had begun to
germinate in his spirit, and had at once begun to batten voraciously
upon all the rancour against life that he had gathered and brooded
over from his infancy.

The idea had flashed across his mind as he listened one evening to a
discussion at table of the pattern of the bombs smuggled into Sicily
by Francesco Crispi during the preparations for the Revolution of 1860
and of how they were made. Corrado Selmi had said that he had made
some of them himself, by night, in the storehouse that Francesco Eiso
had leased in the convent of La Gancia. Proud of his knowledge of
modern chemistry, he had burst out laughing, and had explained to them
how childish the type in question was, and how nowadays one could
secure a far more deadly effect with a mechanism of considerably less

"There, now!" Corrado Selmi had exclaimed. "Just to liven things up a
little, you ought to throw one of these pretty little toys down from
the gallery into the Chamber!"

All of a sudden he had felt himself gripped and completely dominated
by the idea.

The shouts of indignation in the streets at the discovery of the
fraudulent conduct of the banks, and the suspicion, growing into
certainty, that Uncle Roberto too, with Selmi, was implicated in the
scandal of these frauds, the news, more serious every day, that kept
coming from Sicily, had made him decide to seek out the ways and means
of putting this idea into practice as soon as possible. So much of
life, now, was finished for him!

If Uncle Giulio, who had set off hotfoot for Gir-genti, did not
succeed in obtaining the money from grandmother's brother, Uncle
Roberto would be arrested; and then the crash, the abyss.... Ah, but
first of all! Yes, yes, that would be the proper revenge, the outlet
for all the bitterness that had poisoned his own life and the lives of
his relatives; and he would show his companions down in Sicily, the
chatter-boxes, that he was able to do single-handed what all of them
put together could never have done.

And then, just at that moment, Celsina had turned up in Rome. When he
saw her standing before him with a fiery face, laughing to conceal her
embarrassment, a fierce anger had swept over him. He had the feeling
now that nothing more could happen, nothing move from its place unless
propelled by him; that people ought to remain at their posts,
motionless; as though held in suspense and waiting for the great and
terrible act that he was to accomplish. Whence, how had Celsina come,
when he had done nothing to make her come? Lando's money... of course!
That money he had refused to Uncle Roberto.... The Fascio of
Girgenti.... What a pantomime! And how furious he had been to see
Celsina receive so cordial a welcome from those Passalacqua, to whom
it was the most natural thing in the world that a girl should come by
herself to Rome, upon such a pretext, and should call at the house in
search of her lover, firmly resolved to return no more to Sicily. He
had turned all the colours of the rainbow when he saw them all staring
at him with eyes that sparkled with a malicious tolerance, which
seemed to say to him in so many words: "Why, what harm is there? We
understand! Don't be ashamed!" And Uncle Roberto too had remained in
the room, with his familiar wistful smile, beneath which he tried to
conceal the annoyance that any novelty caused him: annoyance only. To
him too there was nothing wrong in a girl's coming to call upon his
nephew in his house, at a time like this, with the gulf yawning at
their feet, into which they might all be plunged at any moment. To
these Passa-lacqua the gulf was nothing: one of the many difficulties
of life that had to be surmounted; and for surmounting it, they
trusted blindly in Corrado Selmi. Quite sufficient, moreover, to set
their minds at rest was the calm that Uncle Roberto forced himself to
preserve in order not to agitate his Nanna, with her weak heart.

Enough of that "Signor Antonio" and that third person feminine, in
which Celsina had begun by addressing him! Whom did she suppose she
was taking in? Let them call one another "tu"! Oh, my dear child....
Yes, that's right, laugh. ... If she didn't laugh from her heart at
her age, and with those eyes and that sweet little face. ... Oh, what
a voice! Did you hear?... Clear as a bell. Had she never had her voice
tested? Had she never sung, never even hummed a tune, like this?
Never at all? But she must be tested, at once.... Impossible that
there shouldn't be a voice there, with those inflexions, with those
modulations.... Come along, quick, any old song would do, in the
sitting-room, quick.... She'd drawn a lucky number! No better
expedient could be imagined for not going back to Sicily! The means to
study? Why, wasn't there Signora Lalla, and the _Privato Conservatorio
Bonome_. Lessons free, music and piano free: only a trifling charge
for her board. And Olindo Pas-salacqua, on learning that Celsina was
one of Lando Laurentano's comrades in the Socialist faith, had at once
suggested her applying to him for this allowance. No? Why not? A
deserving cause! A plague on those scruples, that modesty, which
restrain the conscience from doing good! She could always offer to
repay the allowance to Lando out of her first earnings, but no, my
friends, that is how sharpers, and money-lenders behave, all the more
reason why a gentleman should refrain from following their example....
The mean stupidity of it all!

Antonio had writhed in his chair as he listened to this talk. He
longed to seize Celsina by the arm and to shout in her face: "Off with
you, back to the place you came from. These people are niad, dancing
over the abyss. Go! Go! It is I that, am going to open the abyss!
Nothing exists any longer; I myself no longer exist: all is finished!"

And yet, here he was, he had, with Passalacqua, escorted Celsina to
the door of Lando's house, and was now waiting for the meeting to
break up, and for her to reappear from the house. Celsina had promised
him, privately, that she would not breathe a word to Laurentano of
that ridiculous allowance; she would merely ask him to interest
himself in her in some way, to enable her, by using his wide
influence, to find some modest employment in Rome.

The allowance Celsina had privately intended to demand for him, for
Antonio, instead. He had confided to her, the evening before, the
terrible position in which his uncle found himself placed.

"And you?" she had asked him.

His sole reply to this question had been a furious gesture, of
desperation. The suspicion had crossed her mind that he was meditating
some act of violence, but against himself; and she had tried to rouse
him, to give him fresh courage. She had come to Rome, her spirit
ablaze with dreams and hopes, full of self-confidence, eager and
prepared to overcome every obstacle. And so there would be two of them
henceforward, to share and face those obstacles; she would sweep him
along in her ardour. "Was it possible that he, with his family
connexions, could perish? And was there not still his other uncle?
Why, of course! The difficulties would lie in her path. But there, she
laughed at them!

She came out of the villino, in a towering rage.

"Nothing! The idiots.... Come away! Come away!" she said, thrusting
her companions forward.

"Didn't you say anything?" askedPassalaequa, in wondering dismay.

"Say anything!" Celsina shook. "They are a lot of madmen, halfwits,
idiots, imbeciles.... Chatter, chatter, chatter, speeches, or silly
tittle-tattle that tries to appear clever.... Come along, come along!
But I have scored one point at least, I am here, in Rome! Nino, for
goodness' sake, Nino, don't look like that! Go away... yes, yes... it
is just as well, go away! Go away!"

Olindo Passalacqua hurried after Antonio who, swelling with rage, his
hair standing on end, had lengthened his pace; he caught hold of him,
beckoned to Celsina to join them at once, with mute appeals for calm
and prudence. But Celsina, smiling as she stole softly up behind them,
shook her head, as much as to bid him let Antonio go.

"But this is madness, really... calm yourselves, children! You'll only
blind yourselves ... and the remedy? How can you ever see the remedy,
if you blind yourselves with rage? There is always a remedy, my
friends; for everything there is a remedy; more or less hard, more or
less bitter, more or less radical... but there is one! There is no
need to be frightened.... First of all, what, you say, this? Not
this! Never this! Then... oh, my friends, don't I know! It's another
matter altogether!... And yet, and yet, and yet.... I mean to say, let
us be quite clear about it, always respecting the laws of... of... of
good.... Let us be gentlemen! You know, Nino, I may break but I do
not... I do not..."

"What are you doing? What do you want?"

"What are you hanging about like that for?" Celsina asked Nino, who was
still breathing heavily, with a murderous expression on his face. "Stop
it! You're wasting your breath! I feel so calm and contented! Come
along, which way do we go, Signor Olindo? You, now... look at me...
no, no, look me fairly and squarely in the face... here, look in my
eyes.... Before you left home, do you remember?"

Nino contracted his face in a tremendous spasm of rage, and sobbed
through his nose, clapping his fist to his mouth.

"Come, that will do for the present! Let us go!" Celsina went on.
"You, Signor Olindo, must tell me one thing only, but you must tell me
the truth, on your conscience: Have I a voice?"

Olindo Passalacqua drew back a pace, his hands clasped to his breast:

"But I have sung with Pasta, do you know that? With Lucca I have
sung; I have sung with the sisters Brambilla..."

"All right, all right," Celsina cut him short. "Then you are certain
that I have a voice?"

"A voice of gold!" exclaimed Passalacqua. "Gold, pure gold, I tell
you! And in less than a year you..."

"All right," Celsina again interrupted him. "And now listen, one more
favour! Finding the money you mentioned will be my affair. I am quite
capable of marching into every shop I pass, into all the hotels,
offices, banks, caf es, and asking them if they need a cashier,
saleswoman, interpreter, anything in the world! I have a diploma in
book-keeping, with honours; I speak two languages, English and
French.... But I would even go out as a dressmaker, a seamstress. I
havo never had a needle in my hand; I can learn.... Schoolmistress,
companion, governess.... Just leave it to me! You can go home now.
Leave mo alone with this fine specimen! Good-bye."

And, taking Antonio by the arm, she made off.

"Take me to see Rome!"

See Rome, indeed! She could see nothing, with her brain in a ferment.
She talked and talked, and her eyes sparkled and blazed beneath her
little hat with its bold feather; her burning lips quivered, and she
laughed without a trace of malevolence at all the people who turned
round to stare at her.

After a while: "Listen, Nino," she murmured in his ear. "Take me right
away... to some lonely spot... far away... I must sing! ... I want to
hear how I sing.... If it should be true! Do you believe it? Ah, if it
should be true, Nino dear! Come along, come along.... Is it far to
the Tiber? Take me to see the Tiber, and I can sing there."

She continued to prattle all the way. She told him that of course,
before she became a famous soprano or contralto, she simply must find
a husband, to get rid of her ugly surname which distressed her so.

"Celsina is all right; but Pigna! Think of it! Impossible! Let us see
now, suppose we try.... Celsina... what? Celsina Del Re? Oh, good
gracious! My political views.... Del Re--the King's? I am a Socialist!
Impossible, Nino! I can never be your wife, fate is against it! But
anyhow, you don't want me.... Oh, oh, don't. You'll make my arm black
and blue.... You do want me? Then it shall be Celsina Del Re, and we
needn't say another word on the subject! Celsina of His Majesty...
silly, isn't it... of His Majesty Antonio I."

They arrived, just as the sun was setting, at a spot outside the
fortifications, close to the Polygon, on the right bank of the Tiber.
Monte Mario reared its cypress crest against the purple, vaporous sky,
and the vast plain on one side, which serves as a training ground for
the garrison, and on the other the grassy banks of the river, seemed,
in the twilight suffused with violet and gold, like a painted canvas.
In the awestruck silence, they could hear not so much the sound as the
motion of the turgid stream, of a dead green, tinted here and there
with roseate reflexions of the sky, stained here and there by some
black flotsam.

"Beautiful!" sighed Celsina, looking round her, with the feeling that
it was all a dream. "How beautiful it is here...."

Then, turning to Antonio, who had sat down on a stone and was gazing
at the ground, stooping, his hands pressed tightly between his thighs:

"Nino, what are you doing?" she asked him. "You don't see, you don't
hear anything? Lift up your head, look, listen... this silence here
... the river... and over there Rome... and I am here with you!"

She went up to him, laid her hand on his shoulder, stooped down to
gaze in his face, and:

"You are not twenty yet!" she said to him. "And I am eighteen...."

Antonio shook himself free, crossly, at which she, piqued, shrugged
one shoulder and moved away.

A moment later, from some way off, the sound of her singing reached

The birds make love while leaves are on the trees....

Her voice welled up in the silence, limpid and fervid, like the light
of the first star in the evening sky. And while she, from where she
stood, went on singing:

  Each calls his mate and waits for her to answer.... 
  The time has come to build our nests anew....

he, where he sat, in desperation, clenching his fists in the frenzy of
his jealousy, was seeing her attired as an actress, in a vast theatre,
in the glare of the footlights, in the arms of a tenor.... He rose,
shuddering, and went to find her.

"Come away! Come away! Come away!"

"What do you think of it?" she asked him, with a charming smile of

Antonio gripped her arm, and, glaring at her with a look of hatred:

"You will be ruined!" he growled at her between his set teeth.

Celsina broke into a laugh.

"I?" she said. "But if you don't want me, it is the people who come
near me that will be ruined, my dear boy! I have wings... wings.... I
shall fly!"



THE Hon. Ignazio Capolino was beside himself with joy. Thousands of
workmen, in his constituency, driven wild by famine owing to the
closing of Salvo's sulphur pits, were threatening violence and
pillage, fire and bloodshed; Aurelio Costa, who had exposed himself to
their wrath by the promises he had made in Salvo's name, was writhing
with indignation at the sprightly chatter of H.E. the Under Secretary
of State for Agriculture; he, meanwhile, was bursting with pride at
the undreamed-of affability, the confidential manner, as of an old
friend, with which the said Under-Excellency had received him.

When he secured this audience for Costa he had been afraid that his
far-famed influence, his boasted personal friendship with the members
of the Government would, when put to the test, suffer the most painful
mortification; instead of which. ... Why, yes, of course, mad as
March hares, quite so! enemies of all law and order, those sulphur
workers! a criminal gang, to be sure! stirred up by a handful of
impostors who deserved hanging! Extreme measures? The utmost rigour
of the law? "Why certainly! Of course! That was all that was
required.... A stern eye, to be sure! a strong hand! Humanity... why,
of course... so far as was possible.... Yes, yes, my dear Sir...but
why not? Precisely!"

And he appeared, with ill concealed timidity, to be stretching out his
hand to pat the Under Secretary of State on the back or on the knee,
as a dog, after crawling on the ground to flatter the master whose
severity it fears, ventures to raise a paw to see whether it has
appeased him.

As for that scheme for the compulsory co-operation of all the
producers of sulphur in Sicily, worked out by his friend the engineer
whom he had the honour of introducing... oh, a most remarkable man,
and so modest, formerly in government service as a mining engineer,
yes, and a graduate of the Ecole des Mines in Paris--as for his
scheme, well, if His Excellency the Minister would only condescend to
run his eye over it.... No? Impossible, was it? Not the right moment
... quite! quite! that was just what he had remarked, himself!... this
was not the right moment! Adding fresh fuel to the fire, quite so!
something more was required... why, of course! Excellent! Oh, my dear
Sir. L.. why not? Precisely!

He came out of the Ministry swelling like a turkey-cock, radiant.
Aurelio Costa, to escape from the temptation to hit him, to spit in
his face, silent, pale, quivering, lengthened his pace and let the
other drop behind.


Costa, without looking round, replied with an angry wave of his hand.

"Ingegnere!" Capolino called to him as he overtook him, frowning
fiercely. "I say, are you mad? What more did you want?"

"Leave me alone! For heaven's sake, leave me alone!" replied Aurelio
Costa, seething with rage. "I am off to the telegraph office. Don
Flaminio must come here himself! I am going straight home to-morrow."

"Calm yourself, man! Think what you're saying," Capolino went on, his
tone a blend of arrogance and derision. "What more did you want of an
Under Secretary of State? What did you expect? That he would throw his
arms round your neck? He couldn't have been better. I myself never
dreamed of such a reception...."

"I dare say!" sneered Costa. "If you..."

"If I what?" Capolino promptly retorted. "You wanted vague promises,
did you? Moonshine? He treated me, he talked to me, like a true
friend! And remember that I am an Opposition Deputy; that I was
opposed by the Government, tooth and nail, at the election. As you
know quite well!"

"I know nothing!" Costa groaned: "All that I know is: I had orders,
definite orders, that the scheme must be taken into consideration at
once by the Government. And you never said a word; you did nothing but

Capolino interrupted him, looking him up and down as he spoke.

"Am I talking to a man or to a child? Where have you been living? Can
you seriously believe that, at a time like this, in the thick of all
this pandemonium, people can find time to examine your scheme? Orders,
indeed! When? Wait one moment! When did you receive these orders from
Flaminio Salvo? Before you started, wasn't it? But now, excuse me...
look at this!"

And Capolino with a furious gesture of disdain pulled out from the
bundle of papers under his arm the formal announcement of the
ceremonial marriage of H.E. Prince Don Ippolito Laurentano with Donna
Adelaide Salvo.

"You must have had one too!" he said. "So just keep your mouth shut,
and don't think any more about orders or schemes!"

"Oh, then it's all a game, is it?" exclaimed Aurelio Costa. "With the
lives of other people at stake?"

"Lives!" Capolino shrugged his shoulders.

"With my life! Mine!" Costa repeated, ablaze with anger and scorn.
"With my life! I shall have to go back there, to Aragona, among the
sulphur workers! And do you know the state I shall find them in, after
being locked out for seven months? They'll he a pack of hyaenas! But
why then did he make me promise everybody.-..up here even, tip here,
just now, to Nicasio Ingrao, to the Prince's son? And all the plans I
have drafted?"

"My dear Ingegnere, forgive my saying so," said Capolino soothingly,
half shutting his eyes, keeping hack a smile, "you have been working
all these years with Salvo, and have not yet discovered that he is not
merely a business man but a politician as well. Now politics, don't
you know--one has to live in a political atmosphere to
understand--politics, my dear Sir, what are they chiefly? A game of
promises, that is all! And you, allow me to tell you, are dashing
headlong into it at this moment...."

"I?" Aurelio Costa burst out, clapping both hands to his breast. "I,
headlong into it?"

"Why, yes, of course," Capolino was emphatic. "Blindfold, let me say!
And I'm not referring only to this business, of the scheme. You don't
see anything, you don't understand... there are so many things you
don't understand! Listen to me, Ingegnere: don't have anything more to
do with it! If you go back to your post.... I am grieved, believe me,
sincerely grieved to see a man like yourself, whom I esteem so highly,
cut a figure that is... not a pretty one, not at all a pretty one...."

This speech left Aurelio Costa at first open-mouthed, with amazement;
then his face flushed crimson and he lowered his eyes for a moment;
finally, unable to repress his impulse of annoyance:

"To me," he stammered, "you say these things to me? To me?... Why,
I.... When did I ever.... Into what did I ever dash headlong, of my
own accord? I have always been dragged in, by the hair of my head, and
I'm sick of it, d'you hear? Sick of these schemes and intrigues and
moods and scandals...."

"It is scandals now, is it?" put in Capolino.

"Yes, Sir, scandals!" Aurelio went on, casting restraint to the winds.
"Scandals up here, and down there... and if you don't see them, I do!
It is too much! I never wanted anything! I never aspired to anything,
let me tell you, except to live in peace with my own conscience, and
to lead a quiet life, doing the things I know how to do. And I have
had enough! Let him come here himself, now, and see, after all the
promises he has made, that he makes a proper settlement, for down
there, I repeat, I must return, and I have no wish to lose my life at
the game. Good day to you, Sir."

Ignazio Capolino followed him for some distance with his eyes; then
turned up his nose in derision and stood shaking his head.

If he had only known that the true reason for which Aurelio Costa
wished Flaminio Salvo to come to Rome, was precisely that for which he
wished him not to come: his wife!

The heat with which he defended the scheme, which had indeed been
worked out with all the scrupulous care that he put into everything he
did, and his annoyance at seeing it scrapped, tossed aside without a
moment's consideration and almost in derision, were generated actually
by the heat of another passion, by his annoyance at another rebuff,
which he, in order not to mortify his self-esteem in his own eyes,
declined to admit. Sent away from Girgenti by Salvo on the pretext of
this scheme, just at the moment when Salvo's daughter knew that
Nicoletta Capolino was in Rome with her husband, he had hastened there
like a thirsty man to a spring. He had expected to find Nicoletta as
he had last seen her at Colimbetra, full of flattery for himself,
ardent and provoking. Instead of which... it was only by a miracle
that she had not burst out laughing when she read in his profound gaze
the memory of that unforgettable evening!

Capolino, who had so much fault to find with his wife's conduct at
this time, might have noticed it; but ever since, at Colimbetra, still
swathed in bandages after his wound, he had felt the need of a pair of
spectacles, he had been unable to see anything with his former
clearness of vision, either in himself or round about him.

The trick played on him by that bullet, projected with unexpected
force from Veronica's pistol, had profoundly disturbed his conception
of life. Until that moment, he had supposed that it was he who played
tricks upon other people, tricks that had always come off; now, all of
a sudden, he had discovered that, in spite of every precaution,
against all anticipation, laughing at every artifice and protection,
fate, in its blindness, can and does play tricks also, inspiring
intentions in other people. And Capolino had become extremely solemn.

Already, quite suddenly, whether from violent emotion or from loss of
blood, his sight had weakened. The Prince, Don Ippolito, had been
graciously pleased to present him with spectacles, a fine pair of
solemn spectacles, with stems, rims and bridge of tortoiseshell. And
life, as seen through these spectacles, and through the eyes of a
Deputy, had given him a strange, unexpected impression: his hands,
everything round him, his wife, his past, his future, presented
themselves to his gaze in new shapes, lights and colours, in looking
at which he had found himself almost compelled to assume at once a
sort of frown, half grave, half frigid, which had made his wife, when
she first saw it, burst out laughing:

"Oh, my poor Gnazio!"

There again, he simply could not see the last of this wife of his: his
wife who kept looking for his eyes hehind his new spectacles, and
could not he persuaded to take him seriously.

Having come to Rome with him for a fortnight or three weeks, for a
month at the most, Lelle had stayed on there for more than three
months, and shewed not the slightest intention of returning home.
Could she he out of her senses? Lelle was exultant. At last she was in
her element. With the Velia family, relatives of Flaminio Salvo, and
connected also with her hushand through his first wife, she had at
once made herself completely at home. Francesco Velia went in for
display, Donna Rosa Velia was much the same as her younger sister
Donna Adelaide, always exclaiming and giggling, and as for their son
and daughter, Ciccino and Lillina, had Nico-letta gone and ordered
them to a pattern, she could not have found them more to her liking.
What a darling Lillina was! Still unmarried, running to seed in her
attractive, spicy plainness, she was the inseparable companion of her
brother Ciccino: sharper, more daring, more vivacious than he, she
helped him, defended him, led him, apart from all their more intimate
secrets. Brother and sister had never thought of anything hut giving
themselves a good time; and Nicoletta, in their company, had in a few
days become a perfect horsewoman; she had already ridden to hounds
three times; not to mention theatres, parties, excursions: a perfect
paradise! Lillina always knew exactly when to invent a slight headache
or some other trifling malady, so as to leave Ciccino and their new
friend Lelle alone together.

Now Capolino, large as Rome was, as a Deputy and looking through those
solemn spectacles, saw himself a by no means unimportant figure, and
was afraid lest his wife's unrestrained behaviour should make him
conspicuous. Anyhow, he could not allow it, not so much because of
what other people might think, as for his own sake. As a Deputy and
with his spectacles, he wished his wife, too, to be more serious in
future. In Rome and with those Velia hanging round her, and with the
freedom he was obliged to allow her, it did not seem to him possible.
Flaminio Salvo, now that Donna Adelaide had got married, would
certainly be needing her at Girgenti. For his daughter, that was to
say; for that dear motherless Dia-nella. If not to-day, to-morrow a
letter would come from him begging her to return. The Hon. Ignazio
Capolino longed for that letter to arrive! And now this imbecile
Costa had come, to smash all the eggs in his basket!

His life.... He was afraid of risking his life. Great donkey! But of
course, if he had not had sufficient intelligence in all these years
even to notice that Dianella was in love with him, that he had a
fortune within his reach, and such a fortune too!--how could he have
realized just now that an Opposition Deputy could not have been more
cordially received by an Under Secretary of State? And he had dared to
find fault with him for his approval.... Why, of course, to satisfy
him one ought to stand up for the sulphur workers, just as though, in
the last election, it was their votes that had carried him to the head
of the poll! Placed between the Government and the Socialists, could
a Conservative Deputy, a member of the Opposition, hesitate in his
choice? But what was the use of trying to reason about such matters
with a man to whom fortune gave bread because it knew that he had no
teeth to chew it with?

Meanwhile Flaminio Salvo, hoping on the one hand to carry on the farce
of his scheme and on the other to get into touch with Lando
Lauren-tano, who had refused to attend his father's wedding, would
doubtless hasten to obey the summons; and would be certain to bring
with him Dia-nella, who could not be left alone at Girgenti. And
Dianella would perhaps remain for a while in Rome, with her uncle and
aunt, to amuse herself and--one never knew! Flaminio Salvo's eyes
looked far ahead--Lando Laurentano called now and then at the Vella's,
and... one never knew!

If Dianella remained in Rome, good-bye to any thought of Lelle's
returning to Sicily.

So thinking, Capolino heaved a sigh, and his solemn spectacles with
their stems, rims and bridge of tortoiseshell, grew misty.


Before a week had passed, Flaminio Salvo was in Rome with Dianella, as
Capolino had anticipated.

Dianella arrived there more dead than alive; Flaminio Salvo, as usual,
sure of himself, with that cold smile on his lips, to which the slow
gaze of his eyes from between their heavy lids gave an expression of
faint irony.

They were to stay with the Velia family, who, with Capolino, his wife
and Costa, went to meet them at the station. Donna Rosa, Ciccino and
Lillina had never seen Dianella.

"Why, my child, what have you been living on? Lizards?" her Aunt Rosa
began by asking her, at the sight of her waxen cheeks and pained,
bewildered eyes. "But I know what it is, my dear, with a stupid man
like your father in the house, you can never get what you want. Oh, I
tell him straight out what I think, you know. I'm not like your Aunt
Adelaide, who always gives way in everything. I am older than he is,
and he's got to respect me."

"I kiss your hand, now as always," said Don Flaminio, with a bow.

"To be sure you do! Here it is: kiss it, kiss it!" replied Donna Rosa,
holding out her plump little hand. "Of course you've got to kiss it!
You just stay a while with us here in Rome, child, and you shall see
that I shall send you back to Sicily as fine and fat and frolicsome as
a lady ahbess. D'you see this lady?" she added, with a glance at
Nicoletta Capolino. "What do you think of her? Nothing much to look at,
one must admit; but now that Ciccino and Lillino have made her take
riding exercise, d'you see her eye? It has come to life! Put yourself
in your cousins' hands, my dear. Come along, now, come along! Laugh,
laugh.... It's a great joke, life, I can tell you."

In the house, Don Flaminio told a marvellous tale to his sister and
brother-in-law, nephew and niece, and their friends, of the marriage
ceremony of the Prince and Donna Adelaide, celebrated by Monsignor
Montoro in the chapel of Colimbetra, before the finest flower of
Agrigentine society. H.E.H. the Count of Caserta had been graciously
pleased to send an autograph letter of good wishes and congratulations
to the happy couple.

"And who may he be?" asked Donna Rosa, looking all round the room;
then, tapping her forehead: "Oh, of course, yes; I remember: Cecco
Bomba.... I have a Bourbon brother-in-law, with soldiers.... Adelaide
wrote and told me! How on earth could this poor child here be happy
with a whole tribe of Royal Highnesses writing autograph letters about
her aunt's wedding? Go on, man, go on!... Oh, if I had been there! You
and your Prince of Laurentano...."

Continuing his narrative, Don Flaminio professed himself particularly
gratified by the presence of Don Cosmo, the bridegroom's brother, at
the illustrious gathering, and by the valuable present sent by Lando
to his step-mother.

"I've seen it!" said Ciccino.

"We helped him to choose it!" added Lillina.

"Ah, so you know him quite well, then?" Don Flaminio asked in a tone
of satisfaction.

And he plied his nephew and niece with questions, to find out how
intimate they were with the young Prince, what he looked like and what
sort of person he was, calling his daughter to listen, with loud
exclamations of amazement and delight at the answers they gave him.

But Dianella's face shewed such evident consternation and her eyes so
strange a bewilderment that he suddenly changed his tone and manner
altogether, and pretended to be surprised, because the gravity of
recent events in Sicily, in which the young Prince must, by all
accounts, be more than a little implicated, did not appear to him to
go with the gay humour which his nephew and niece described. And he
started to relate, with an expression of grave consternation on his
features, all that had been happening of late in Sicily, at
Serradifalco, Catenanuova, Alcamo, Casale Fio-resta, which proved that
throughout the Island a great fire was smouldering, which would
presently blaze out, and compared Sicily to a huge pile of timber, of
trees that had died from want of moisture and for years past had been
mercilessly felled, now that the rain of benefits was entirely
confined to Northern Italy, and never a drop fell on the parched soil
of the Island. Now the young folk had amused themselves by kindling
beneath the pile the wisps of straw of their socialistic preachings,
and behold, the old logs were beginning to catch fire. They were for
the present little noisy flares, a crackling here and there; there
shot forth now at one point, now at another, a threatening tongue of
flame; but these had already condensed in the air into a suffocating
smoke. And the worst of it was this: that the Government, instead of
hastening to throw water, sent soldiers down to raise another kind of
fire with the fire of their rifles. But if at least they had had
enough soldiers to face the onslaught of the enraged populace! The
scattered garrisons, stupidly incited to fire upon the unarmed crowds,
found themselves at once compelled to barricade themselves in their
barracks; and then the mob, maddened by slaughter, remained in command
of the field and furiously assailed the municipal offices and set fire
to them. Terror meanwhile was spreading through the island; mayors and
prefects and chief constables were losing their heads; and where was
it all going to end?

This he said for the special benefit of his brother-in-law Francesco
Velia, Capolino and Aurelio Costa; he reserved for the ladies an
account of a recent act of prowess performed by five hundred women in
a village in the interior of Sicily, named Milocca. On the specious
charge that a heap of manure had been spread, not outside but on the
actual property of a landowner who had declined to agree to the new
system of tenure introduced by the peasants of the Fascio, the public
authorities had unjustly arrested, and committed for trial on a charge
of criminal conspiracy the President and the four members of council
of the Fascio itself. Whereupon the women of the village, to the
number of five hundred, indignant at this injustice and tyranny, had
burst upon the barracks of the carabinieri like so many furies, broken
in the door and carried off the five men under arrest; then, wild with
joy at the liberation of the prisoners, had borne in triumph,
shoulder-high, through the streets of the village, one of the
carabinieri and the weapons they had torn from their hands.

Donna Rosa, Nicoletta Capolino and Lillina loudly applauded the
victory of these gallant women; but Don Flaminio held up his hands and

"Gently, gently! Wait a moment! The rejoicing was brief.... The
Milocchesi, I mean the men, who had not been in any way concerned in
this revolt of their womenfolk, hearing that the Prefect of the
Province was sending a reinforcement of troops and police and
magistrates to Milocca, mounted their mules and, armed with shotguns,
took to the fields. They are still scattered about the countryside,
determined to sell their freedom dear. But the worthy magistrates, at
Milocca, have arrested thirty-two women, including some who are
expectant mothers, and others with infants at the breast, and have
marched them off in handcuffs to the prison of Mussomeli."

"Brave men! Brave men!" Donna Rosa exclaimed. "But how in the world?
And you, Gnazio, a Sicilian deputy, haven't raised your voice in
Parliament, even to denounce the arrest of pregnant women and nursing

Don Flaminio smiled and, stroking his moustaches, said:

"It wouldn't suit his book. They are Socialist wives and mothers. He
is a Conservative. Although down there, you know, Don Ippolito
Laurentano would like the Clerical Party to support the proletariat
movement and make capital out of it, coming to some secret agreement
with the leaders. But Monsignor Montero, you will be glad to hear, is
against this; perhaps because Canon Pompeo Agro has been for the last
month at Comi tini carrying on propaganda, I don't know how far on
Gospel principles, against myself, among the sulphur workers. However.
We shall see a coolness between father and son. To-morrow I shall
leave a card upon the young Socialist Prince."

Capolino accompanied Flaminio Salvo on this visit to the villino on
Via Sommacampagna, and on his return. The strange impression, almost
amounting to terror, that the sight of Dianella, on her arrival, had
made upon him, was strengthened by what Salvo said to him on the way.

It was one of his usual winding discourses, full of hints and veiled
allusions, from which Capolino thought that he could make out this:
that he was in truth greatly worried not by the political state of
Sicily but by the state of his daughter's mind, which gave him all the
more food for thought inasmuch as her mother was insane; that he
intended therefore to meet her wishes, if this visit to Rome did not
produce the effect that he promised himself from it; to meet her
wishes also, because, now that his sister had left his house, he, no
longer having anyone to leave with his daughter, who needed attention,
affectionate companionship, distraction, would be obliged to sacrifice
too much of his working time, and could not (here Capolino felt he was
expected to note a severe rebuke of his wife, who had dared to leave
Donna Adelaide alone as well, on the occasion of her marriage); to
meet her wishes, lastly, and at the same time bestow upon Aurelio
Costa (who presently, in two or three days, would be returning to
Sicily) a fitting reward, if he succeeded in bringing the sulphur
workers to their right minds.

These quite obvious deductions from Salvo's long, hinting speech, cost
Capolino so intense an effort that one of the glasses of his
spectacles, which were continually being clouded by his breath, broke
between his nervous fingers, under the strain of polishing.
Fortunately the fragments of glass only tore his handkerchief, without
cutting his fingers. But that evening he would have to speak to his
wife, and to speak seriously, without spectacles.

Nicoletta knew that the unexpected arrival in Rome of Flaminio Salvo
and Dianella was due to Costa; more perspicacious than her husband,
she had at once foreseen that their coming would mark the end of her
life of pleasure, and she was accordingly so inflamed with hatred of
the responsible party that she would have killed him without
hesitation, had she been able to do so with impunity. Already she had
seen the first result of their coming: Ciccino and Lillina had gone
off on a tour of Rome with their pale, mystified cousin, leaving her
out of their plans from the first morning.

So it was an ill-chosen moment for a serious talk!

"I am to go, am I?" she at once asked, to cut the discussion short. "I
can go to-morrow, if you like. Without any talk about it. But not
alone, no!"

"With whom?" put in Capolino. "I..."

"You have the destiny of Italy on your hands, I know!" exclaimed
Nicoletta. "How could the Chamber sit to-morrow, if you weren't

"I beg of you," said Capolino, with a movement of his hands which
signified restraint, prudence, on the one hand, and on the other that
he disdained to roll the ball of conversation down a slope that was
easy, however slippery. "I am here to do my duty!"

"So am I!" Nicoletta promptly retorted. "You don't agree? You, as a
Deputy, I as a wife. The Mayor said when he married us: the wife must
follow her husband. Oh, my dear man, if you're going to fly into a
rage about it!... Leave your duties out of it; don't make me laugh!
I've told you before: you, my dear, seem to have lost your sense of
proportion! Let us talk as we used to, or rather, let us understand
one another as we used to, without talking at all, for your good and
mine. Bear in mind, Gnazio, you may be bored, but I am bored to
death, and capable of... oh, I don't know, capable at this moment of
doing the maddest things. I warn you!"

"God in heaven, but why?" Capolino groaned, clasping his hands

"Why?" shouted Nicoletta, advancing upon him, ablaze with anger and
scorn. "You ask me why? You tell me to go, to return home, and you ask
me why?"

"Please, please..." Capolino tried to interrupt her, and thrust his
hands forward, as though to arrest her onslaught physically as well.
"In our... in your own interest, surely! If you won't allow me to

"But what do you want to say! Let well alone!" exclaimed Nicoletta.

"I know what I have to say, don't worry," Capolino went on with
intense gravity, lowering his eyes. "You don't know what Flaminio told
me this morning. I have said nothing to you, up to the present, about
your protracted stay in Rome? Nothing.... And you were blaming
yourself for not having gone down to look after Donna Adelaide on her
wedding day. Now, do you know what has been the effect of your absence
from Girgenti? Simply this: Flaminio Salvo, left alone and
overburdened, has decided to meet his daughter's wishes at last."

Nicoletta was taken aback by this news.

"Indeed?" she said; and bit her lip, a blind glare of hatred in her

"Do you understand?" Capolino went on. "He is afraid of her brain
going, like her mother's. And it seems to me that his fear is not
unfounded. Did you see her? She's a pitiful..."

"Sickening! Disgusting!" broke from Nicoletta. "She ought to be
ashamed of herself!"

"Love!" sighed Capolino, raising his shoulders, half shutting his
eyes. "And Flaminio thinks perhaps also that, with the shadow of her
mother's insanity, a suitable match for her daughter not be easily
found. Besides, he has put Costa in a most embarrassing position with
the sulphur workers there, and is thinking of rewarding his devotion,
his abnegation...."

"How thoughtful!... How sweet!" said Nicoletta. "And I am to go and
wallow in it, am I, like a bee gathering honey?"

"You? Why?" asked Capolino.

"And who looks after his daughter, if it is not I?" Nicoletta
inveighed. "Will it not fall to me to keep my eye on the loving
couple? To watch their caresses, listen to their talk? To store in my
bosom the confidences of the timid dove, restored to health and

Capolino shrugged his shoulders, as much as to say: "After all, why

"Oh no, my dear!" his wife went on emphatically. "It would not matter
in the least to me, if--in my own interest, as you say--I did not see
myself obliged to play this part.... And you forget another thing!
That this engineering gentleman once asked for my hand, and that I
refused him, because I did not think him good enough for me! A fine
revenge, now, for him, to become engaged before my eyes to Flaminio
Salvo's daughter!"

"But such an encounter with you, who have already refused him,"
Capolino pointed out, "will be embarrassing for Flaminio Salvo's
daughter, if anyone...."

"Indeed!" exclaimed Nicoletta, rising to her feet. "Because I am now
the wife of the Honourable Deputy Ignazio Capolino!"

"Which is a great deal better, I would have you know!" cried he,
thumping the table with his fist, and rising to his feet also,

Nicoletta measured him, calmly, from head to foot; then said:

"Oh, as far as merit goes, I should never dare to question it!
Still... still, I am to go, that is all, purely in my own interest, as
you say.... What would you have? Merit, my dear, is not always

"It infuriates me too," said Capolino, "that a fool, an idiot of that
sort should rise like that, hoisted up by a lucky accident, shoved
along like a stubborn animal in harness.... Because he, you know (he
told me so himself), has no ambition whatsoever.... That is the beauty
of it! He observes nothing, understands nothing, and fortune helps him
on! In a day or two, he'll be Flaminio Salvo's son-in-law!"

"Ah, no!" Nicoletta broke out.... "That marriage shall not happen! I
give you my word: _it shall not happen_!"

Capolino again shrugged his shoulders and screwed up his eyes:

"If Flaminio wishes it... how are you going to stop it?"

"How?" replied Nicoletta. "How... I don't know how! But at all costs...
oh, at all costs! You may he quite sure of that!"

Capolino insisted:

"But really, do you suppose that Costa is capable of feeling
revengeful, like that, for your refusal of him? No, I assure you! He
is not capable even of that! I have studied him; with you he is
respectful, obsequious... in fact, he is quite tongue-tied in your
presence.... It will never occur to him! And if you... if you can
manage to overcome your dislike of him, and to treat him... I mean to
say, treat him with a sort of... polite indifference..."

Under the gaze of Nicoletta's eyes, which were fixed upon him with a
cold and calm contempt, the smile that had accompanied these last
words faded from his lips.

"As, for that matter, you have always treated him," he added with
dignity. Then, changing the subject: "Oh, I was going to suggest that
we might go out.... We might dine somewhere. ... Does that appeal to

On their return home late at night, Nicoletta, as she got into bed,
asked her husband:

"Hasn't Ingegnere Costa to go back to Sicily in a day or two?"

"Yes," replied Capolino. "Flaminio told me so this morning."

"And you might tell Flaminio," Nicoletta went on, curling up under the
blankets, "that I too am ready to go; but not by myself. Since the
engineer is going..."

"Why, of course!" exclaimed Capolino. "Excellent! You might travel
down together...."

"Good-night, dear!"



Being firmly convinced that fate had always been against him, from the
day of his birth, Flaminio Salvo believed that it was only by
steadfastly maintaining an ever alert and unshakable resolution, and
by opposing with actions which he himself considered harsh all those
people who had made or were making themselves the blind instruments of
fate that he had been able, up to the present, to defeat it.

But the aversion of fate, powerless to injure him, had turned with
ferocity against his family, his wife, his son: now also, with that
unconquerable passion, against his daughter. In these calamities he
felt that there really was something akin to a vile and cruel revenge;
and this feeling not only set him free from any remorse for all the
harm that he knew himself to have done, it even made him ashamed of
certain momentary weaknesses, and seemed almost to make it easy for
him to do further harm, whether to be avenged upon fate in his turn or
to save himself from being crushed by it.

He never for a moment let himself entertain the suspicion that there
might after all be nothing wrong in his daughter's passion for Aurelio
Costa. It was to him unquestionably wrong; and not on account of any
difference in birth or social position (all moonshine!) but because it
had its origin in a weakness of his own, in the gratitude he had shewn
for all these years to his young rescuer. Out of good nothing could
come to him but harm. This was an article of his belief. And no
philosopher could have persuaded him to recognize that his reasoning,
founded upon a prejudice, was at fault. Logic? What was logic compared
with the experience of a lifetime? Besides, if, in a single instance,
he was persuaded to recognize the flaw in his reasoning, what excuse
had he left for all the harm that he had deliberately done in so many
other instances?

Whenever a business deal, a transaction of any sort, seemed from the
outset to be turning to his advantage, he, instead of rejoicing, would
grow despondent, would at once suspect a trap set for him by fate and
would prepare to defend himself.

He was none too well pleased, therefore, either by the information
brought him and the suggestion made by Capolino, to wit, that
Nicoletta was ready to start the next day, and that she would like to
travel down with Costa; or by the message delivered by Ciccino and
Lillina, that Lando Laurentano, who had been going about all that
morning with Dianella and themselves, would look in that evening to
see him. They had met him by accident, and although he had begun by
telling them that he was greatly annoyed by something that had
appeared in one of the morning papers, he had afterwards grown quite
merry in their company and had been most grateful for the distraction
it afforded.

Flanainio Salvo was in Francesco Vella's study, and was giving Aurelio
Costa his final instructions with regard to his return to Sicily,
which was fixed for the morning following, when his nephew and niece
brought him this message, bursting noisily into the room and bringing
Dianella with them. He at once noticed a very different change in
Dianella's face from her usual expression on catching sight of
Aurelio, and seemed almost stunned for a moment when, after her
cousins had spoken of Laurentano's gracious affability to them, she,
in a ringing voice that did not sound like her own, and with an air
almost of defiance, corroborated them:

"Yes, most polite! Really most polite!"

"I am glad..." he replied coldly, looking at her over his spectacles.
"But, if you don't mind, I am engaged just now...."

And he glanced at Costa, as much as to say: "I have something far more
important to think about at the moment...."

This was true, as it happened. It was a question of exposing to the
risk of death this worthy young man, in entire ignorance of the part
he was cast to play; it was a question of flinging him as a prey to
the fury of an entire populace, famished and disillusioned.

Salvo's soul was at that moment the scene of a strange play of
conscious fictions. His pleasure at this announcement must be
transformed into displeasure, his hopes into misgivings; and
therefore, not only must he not build upon the fortunate accident of
their meeting with Laurentano, or upon the good impression which his
daughter appeared to have formed of him, he must actually regard it as
a positive misfortune, coming at a moment when he, simply in order to
meet his daughter's wishes, was giving this good young fellow Costa a
glimpse of his reward for the highly perilous undertaking into which
he was flinging him. And he continued in this conscious
self-deception, fired with anger at his daughter, who, after
compelling him to yield so far, came into the room now to let him
know, with a quite novel expression on her face, that the young Prince
of Laurentano had by no means failed to attract her!

Nor did the play of fictions in Salvo's soul stop there. He pretended
that he did not yet understand his daughter's strange expression,
which he had understood perfectly from the first; he was positive, in
fact, that Dianella, in paying that tribute to Laurentano in Aurelio's
hearing, had intended to avenge herself on the latter, and was now
certain to be in her own room, crying and tormenting herself in
secret. His feigned annoyance at the prize which he was to dangle
before Costa's eyes was therefore a genuine annoyance after all; so
much so that, in order not to feel any remorse at this anguish he was
causing to his daughter, he went on pretending to believe in earnest
that really, yes, really, if Costa should be successful in bringing
the sulphur workers in Sicily to their right minds, he would give him
Dianella as a reward. In the meantime, he was sending him off next
day, with Nicoletta Capolino.

That evening, he made himself polite, but with a certain amount of
reserve, to Lando Laurentano, who received a warm welcome from the
Velia family, especially from Ciccino and Lillina.

Dianella was as white as a sheet, and kept going by continuous
spasmodic efforts, which pained and alarmed her relatives. Her gentle
eyes now glowed with strange piercing sparks, now darkened as though
in a confused terror, now faded into a clouded opacity. Nicoletta
Capolino, invited to dine by the Velia on this last evening, had let
her know that she would be leaving Rome with Costa in the morning; and
now, there she was, speaking, without any coy affectations, but with
her habitual vivacious ease, to the young Prince of Laurentano of the
exquisite courtesy shewn to her by Don Ippolito, down at Colimbetra,
on the unfortunate occasion of her husband's duel.

Her husband himself appeared, a moment later, in the richly furnished
drawing-room, with the engineer Aurelio Costa, who had come to say
goodbye to the Velia family.

This was for Dianella and Nicoletta a moment of agonizing suspense.

Just as the Honourable Ignazio Capolino appeared composed and grave
and troubled in those funereal tortoiseshell spectacles, so Aurelio
Costa appeared light-headed, excited, dazzled. Plainly visible on his
face was the profound emotion which the news of his immediate
departure with Nicoletta had aroused in him. He no longer felt the
ground under his feet; he was incapable of articulating a single word.

On seeing him enter the room, Nicoletta felt a sense of alarm: she
could tell, without looking at him, that he was searching for her with
his eyes, without a thought for anyone else. She breathed again, when,
a moment later, she heard him engaged in animated discussion with
Laurentano of the Fascist movement in Sicily.

All his consternation had vanished, vanished all consideration for the
starving sulphur workers at Aragona, vanished his disgust at the
destruction of his plan for compulsory co-operation: he would now have
gone out, cudgel in hand, to face all those rebels down there.

Flaminio Salvo, with a prudent regard for Laurentano's presence,
recalled him with a smile to milder language.

"So that they may set fire to the sulphur?" Costa asked him, in a
white heat of rage. "I know them, the brutes! Never let them see
you're afraid of them! You need a big stick to bring them to reason!
Leave it to me.... Deserted by everyone, without even the satisfaction
of seeing my plan considered worthy of a glance, I shall go down
there, alone... and we shall meet face to face...."

In his excitement he did not perceive the astonishment with which this
bellicose utterance was received; nor was he at all put out when at
length he became aware that no one was paying any attention to him; he
allowed Capolino to lead him out upon the wide balcony outside the
room, while Flaminio Salvo, Francesco Velia and Lando Laur-entano went
on talking quietly among themselves, and Ciccino promised Nicoletta
that he would come down to Girgenti soon to pay her a visit, and Donna
Rosa and Lillina showered advice on Dia-nella, that she should do
this, that and the other, if she wished to recover her health and
spirits quickly. Called by Salvo, Capolino returned to the room a
moment later, and Aurelio Costa was left alone upon the balcony.

How long did he remain there? He gazed at the stars, gazed, as in a
dream, at the gleam of the moonlight reflected from the distant
windows opposite, across the piazza; gripped by a maddening, sweet
desire; without any idea of where he happened to be; with a single
image before his eyes, hers who now, in another moment, would surely
be coming out in quest of him, to say to him: "To-morrow! For
ever!"--"To-morrow, for ever," he repeated, clenching his fists, his
eyes closed in voluptuous longing.

He had spoken to her already that morning. They had come to an
understanding. Everything, she would leave everything, to follow him!
Yes, even down there, amid the peril, from which he could not at that
moment draw back. Anyhow, he was obliged to go back there; his home
was there, and his work, which he would now place at the disposal of
other employers, forsaking Salvo. What did that matter? What was the
reward that she had mentioned to him? A great reward, which he would
forfeit if he parted from Salvo.... What did it matter? What reward
could be greater than the happiness that she would bring him, by
loving him?

So Aurelio raved to himself on the balcony, as he waited, repeating
from time to time, with ecstasy: "To-morrow! For ever!"

In the drawing-room, meanwhile, Ignazio Capo-lino was speaking in a
tone of distress of the hubbub with which the publication of a
criminal charge in one of the morning papers had filled the lobbies of
the Chamber all that day. It was a matter of the forty thousand lire
for which appeared as debtor to the Banca Romana Roberto Auriti,
"notoriously the cloak," said the paper, "for a well-known Southern
Deputy, who until quite recently, was in the good graces, if not
actually of the Government, of several of its members." And the paper
went on to speak of the documents that had been abstracted, in order
to save this Southern Deputy. But, in the heat of excitement, at the
last moment, a certain letter had been overlooked and had fallen into
the hands of the judicial authorities, a letter signed by Auriti
himself, now anxiously in search of those forty thousand lire, to save
himself and his friend.

Capolino said that several Deputies of the Extreme Left were going to
raise the question in the Chamber, and foretold the imminent arrest of

Lando Laurentano was on tenterhooks. All that afternoon he had been
trying to discover from what source the information had reached the
paper. It appeared to have been brought by somebody who had been
listening at the door of the room in which Giulio Auriti was imploring
his help; and he was afraid that Giulio might now suspect him of being
responsible for the betrayal.

Salvo, Velia and Capolino, noticing the young Prince's emotion, began
to commiserate Roberto Auriti, as an innocent victim, and Salvo let it
be clearly understood that he would be quite willing to advance the
money to save him; but Capolino said that it was now too late. There
was nothing to be done except to take a cup of tea, which Lillina had

The first two cups, carried by Ciccino, had gone to Donna Kosa and
Dianella. Nicoletta now handed a third to Lando Laurentano.


"Yes, please. A little."

And Dianella, as she sipped hers, waited for Nicoletta to go out on
the balcony with the last cup for Aurelio. But Nicoletta, seeing that
she was being watched, pretended at first to have forgotten about him,
and kept the cup for herself.

"Oh, what about my escort?" she then exclaimed, as though suddenly
remembering his existence.

And she went out on the balcony.

As soon as Aurelio saw her appear, he drew back instinctively as far
as he could into the darkness, to make her follow him. But she stood
with one foot on the sill, and, holding out the cup to him, said
quietly, stiffly:

"Come in, for goodness' sake: you are attracting attention. Don't be
so childish."

"Only tell me..." he implored.

"Yes, I will tell you one thing: and get it firmly fixed in your
mind," she added quickly, "that I have done everything to prevent your
ruin and mine. Don't accuse me, to-morrow; because it has been your
doing. That is all!" And she returned to the drawing-room.



CORRADO SELMI came out of the Chamber of Deputies livid, contorted, a
convulsive tremor running through his whole body.

As soon as he reached the sunlight of the piazza, he made a desperate
effort to recover himself, to seize within himself and restore to his
own control the life that was ebbing from him in a tremendous turmoil;
but abandoned the attempt, discovering that he had not even the
strength to draw breath, as though his lungs, his stomach had been
drawn and quartered.

A new feeling then arose in him suddenly: fear. Fear, not of other
people, but of himself.

A moment ago he had challenged and assailed the others, there, in the
Hall of Parliament, with extreme violence. It still made him tremble
all over. No one, in there, had dared to breathe. But that silence...
ah, that silence had been worse for him than any invective, than any
tumultuous rising of the entire assembly.

That silence had overwhelmed him.

He still heard ringing in his ears the sound of his footsteps as he
walked out of the hall. In the formidable silence, those footsteps had
sounded like hammer-blows upon a coffin.

He felt a burning thirst; and a numbness in his legs, as though... as
though they had been amputated.

Crushed by the accusation, he had attempted to rise again with all the
impetus of the vital energies that were still potent in him; and had
killed himself. There could be no doubt that the assembly, immediately
upon his leaving the hall, had voted the necessary authority for
proceedings to be taken against him.

And yet everybody knew that he was a poor man; knew that the money
taken from the banks could not burden his conscience with shame or
remorse, as in so many other cases.

After he had so often stared death in the face, at an age when to
every man life is most dear, had he not earned the right to live? In
the stupid complication of all those shady proceedings, the simplicity
of this right seemed almost childish, and such that everyone must
laughingly deny it to him.

Dead; not only that, but they wished him to die disgraced! He must
die, then, and he might have been a hero to all these living men, who
flung in his face now, as a crime, his having lived.

But it was not so much the accusation, after all, that seemed to him
unjust, as his accusers; and, more than unjust, ungrateful and vile:
vile because, after having for all these years understood that he had
the right to live, they now rose to prove to him, scoffing, the
childishness of his claim; after having for all these years understood
his need, they now rose to fling it in his face as a reproach.

Nor would they stop at that! Next, the trial, conviction, prison.

Corrado Selmi laughed, and again remarked the effort that it cost him
to relax the murderous expression on his face in that horrible laugh.
The frank, light smile, that had always accompanied all the activities
of his life, even the most serious and hazardous, was it transformed
into this melancholy grimace, hard and bitter? Once again he felt
afraid of himself: afraid of acquiring a precise consciousness of
something obscure and horrible that had suddenly crept into his
innermost being and was plunging him in confusion, giving him that
impression of having been drawn and quartered, irremediably.

And, to recover as best he might his material solidity, to overcome
his repulsion and horror at this impression, he looked round about
him, as though imploring support and comfort from the familiar aspect
of things. They too seemed to him changed and somehow evanescent. He
felt, with terror, that it was no longer possible for him to
re-establish a relation of any sort between himself and the things
around him. Yes, he might look; but what did he see? He might speak;
but what was he to say? He might move, but where was he to go?

He spoke, simply to hear the sound of his own voice; and it too seemed
to him to have altered. He said:

"What am I doing?"

He knew very well what remained for him to do. But, as he squeezed
from his palate with his tongue the double c of the word faccio, he
was conscious of nothing but the dryness of his tongue and the bitter
taste in his mouth; and stood there with a frown of disgust on his

"No," he went on. "First of all... what else?"

Anything else appeared to him futile, vain. He could only, for a
little while longer, to relieve his feelings and thus find some
outlet, some way of escape from himself, say and do foolish things.
Think seriously, act seriously he could not, save at the cost of
yielding to the obscure, violent purpose which threatened to destroy
all the elements of life within him. He could amuse himself with the
fragments of that life, which, from the internal tumult, kept
springing to the surface of his shattered consciousness: amuse himself
for a little.... Yes, at Roberto Auriti's! He must see him, tell him
that for his sake, to shield him, he had voluntarily surrendered to
the charge. Yes, he still had somewhere to go. He hailed a cab, so
that the trembling weakness of his limbs might pass unnoticed, and
gave the driver the address: Via delle Colonnette.

As soon as he was seated, he changed his mind, anticipating, in return
for all that he had done, a violent scene. But no: at all costs he
would manage to prevent that. His action appeared to him more than
dutiful, positively generous to Roberto Auriti. And, at that moment,
he could feel nothing but anger at his own generosity. He had stripped
himself of all his prestige, of every privilege, to share the fate of
a defeated wretch, who had not known how to make use of his talents,
his deserts, to make a position for himself, to force himself, as he
might have done, upon the consideration of his fellows. Roberto Auriti
could inspire no pity, only anger and contempt. Even if he, steering
blindly, had flung his friend with himself among these breakers, that
castaway did not, surely, deserve that Corrado Selmi, when he had
almost reached the shore, should dash back into the sea to perish with
him: he did not deserve it, because he had never known how to live,
that fellow, how to surmount even the most trifling obstacles: he was
already in his own eyes a drowning man, to whom again and again Selmi
had thrown a rope to help him to swim to the shore. When, once and
once only, Selmi had tried to help him, why, by the very hand that he
held out to him, he had dragged him down after him into the gulf,
down, down, obliging him to abandon any chance of being rescued by
other people. And that brother of his who had dashed off to Sicily to
save them both: yes indeed! they must all wait in patience until he
came back with the money! At his leisure! Without hurrying! And after
he had disclosed everything to Lando Laurentano. The idiot! Yes, for
this reason alone, he might have refrained from exposing himself to
shield an incompetent. But now...

On reaching the Via delle Colonnette, as he climbed the dark stair, he
ran into Olindo Passalacqua, who was hurrying down four steps at a

"Ah! The very man, Onorevole! I was coming to look for you.... Tell
me, what has happened? What is in the air?"

"Wind," replied Corrado Selmi, placidly.

Olindo Passalacqua stood rooted to the ground.

"Wind? What do you mean? That infamous accusation? But how? Who was
it? I should like to spit in his face! To go and create an Italy for
swine like that!"

Corrado Selmi took the other's chin between his fingers:

"Bravo, Olindo! _Nobili sensi, invero_.... Come along upstairs!"

"Wait, Onorevole," Passalacqua pleaded, holding him back. "I must warn
you! My Nanna knows nothing about it. We didn't know about it
ourselves. Quite by chance, my brother-in-law Pilade happened to pick
up a newspaper of the day before yesterday... opened it and saw...
sent it up to us, marked.... Roberto was watering the flowers on the
terrace... he read it, it fairly knocked him down.... But can you
believe it? A man, a man in his position, not to read the paper, at a
time like this! He's like that bird, don't you know... what do they
call it? ... that buries its head in the sand.... And I take in
three, if you please, every day: three papers! If he read one even!
The moment he opens it he begins to nod; and then he says that he has
read all three of them and can never sleep a wink!"

"The ostrich," said Corrado Selmi. "Allow me!"

And he raised his hands to Olindo Passa-lacqua's throat to put
straight the flowing red necktie, knotted in a butterfly bow.

"The ostrich," he repeated. "That bird you mentioned.... Now you're
all right!"

Again Olindo Passalacqua stared at him open-mouthed.

"Thank you," he said. "But then... is there no need for us to worry,

Corrado Selmi gazed into his eyes, earnestly; laid his hands upon his
shoulders, and:

"Aren't you a censor?" he asked him.

"Censor... yes," Passalacqua replied, with an air of perplexity, as
though he were not quite sure of the fact.

"Very well, then, let the sky fall!" exclaimed Selmi with a gesture of
contemptuous indifference. "Censor, put it in your pipe and smoke it.
Come along, upstairs, now, with me."

They found Roberto prostrate in an armchair, his face turned to the
ceiling, his arms drooping, the watering can by his side. As soon as
he saw Selmi, he started to his feet and, sobbing convulsively, flung
himself upon his breast.

"For pity's sake! For pity's sake!" Olindo Passalaequa entreated him,
hastening to shut the door, and signalling to him with his hands not
to make a noise, that Nanna would hear him in the other room.

Through the shut door, the sobbing of Roberto on Corrado Selmi's
breast was answered by the caterwauling voice of a singing pupil.

Corrado Selmi, tottering under the weight of Roberto, stood for a
while watching the signals of Passalacqua, who continued to implore
pity on the delicate heart of his poor wife, pity on the ruined
Roberto, pity on the household, which would be turned upside down;
finally, his shoulders began to shake with an insane laugh:

"Give it here!" he said, seizing the watering can and dashing out upon
the terrace. "Why are we all so solemn? You were watering, weren't
you? Let us go on watering! Here... here ... so! Like this! Bain,
Olindo! Kain! Rain!"

And a regular torrent of rain came showering from the rose of the
watering can upon Olindo Passalacqua, who tried to escape by the
terrace, screaming and shielding his head with his hands, followed by
Selmi roaring with laughter, saying:

"I take the water, thou takest the water, he takes the water, we all
take the water!" [Footnote: A play upon the name Passalacqua.

"Oh Lord! For pity's sake... no, my dear Sir... nooo... what are you
doing?... Stop, for pity's sake... it's no joke, I tell you! Stopl
Oooh! Stop!..."

His cries brought Nanna, her singing pupil, Antonio Del Be and Celsina
upon the scene.

At once Corrado Selmi, breathless, ran to shake hands with Signora
Lalla, who laughed as she looked at her husband shaking himself like a
drenched chicken. The two girls laughed also.

"What, my dear Nanna," cried Selmi, "is the most useful of plants? The
riso! [Footnote: Riso in Italian means both rice and laughter.
C.K.S.M.] Let us cultivate the riso! Let us water Olindo, who makes us

"But I'm not laughing, I'm crying..." groaned Passalacqua.

"Precisely; because you're crying, you make us laugh!" retorted Selmi.

"Laughter often ends..." muttered Antonio Del Be, clenching his fists.

"In tears, you mean?" Selmi completed the saw. "Bravo, young man!
Always serious! All the silly things you do will always be firm and
solid, with sharp claws and plenty of snout. We do ours... here,
censor, dancing, dancing.... Come, Nanna, into the other room, to the
piano! You play and we dance! Roberto shall put his trousers on back
to front, with the tail of his shirt sticking out; he shall take his
toy sword and his wooden horse, the ones he played at soldiers with,
in Sixty; we shall make him a paper helmet, and he can career round
the room, gee-up, gee-up, while Olindo and I dance to the tune of
Garibaldi's hymn....

 _Va' fuori d'Italia... va' fuori d'Italia Va'
 fuori d'Italia... va' fuori, o stranieri_"

He was still singing the refrain when there appeared in the doorway of
the terrace, with tears of joy in his eyes, radiating blissful
emotion, Mauro Mortara with his medals on his breast and his knapsack
on his back.

As soon as he saw him, Corrado Selmi, with a horrified gesture, dashed
through the other window that opened on the terrace, shouting:

"Ah, perdio, no! This is too much!"

Roberto Auriti ran after him to stop him:

"Corrado! Corrado!" Mauro Mortara, at this sudden flight, stood in
bewilderment facing the stupefaction of Signora Lalla, Passalacqua and
the singing pupil, the smiling wonder of Celsina and the scowling
wonder of Antonio Del Be.

"I have come, no offence meant," he said, "to say good-bye to Don
Roberto. I am leaving to-morrow."

"And who may you be?" Signora Lalla inquired, as though she saw before
her a denizen of the moon, rained down from the sky.

"I am..." Mauro Mortara was beginning to explain; but he broke off
abruptly on catching sight of Antonio Del Re. "Aren't you Donna
Caterina's grandson?"

As he uttered her name he raised his hat.

"Do you tell them," he went on, "who I am. I have been here twice
before; they would not allow me upstairs, because Don Roberto was not
at home."

Passalacqua, dripping from head to foot, went up to him, began
fingering the medals on his breast and inquired:

"A Sicilian Patriot? The Sicilian Patriots, perdio, deserve statues of
gold! Sta... stat ... statues..."

A sneeze, slow in exploding, kept him for a while open-mouthed, with
quivering nostrils and hands held out as though to ward it off;
finally it exploded, and:

"Of gold!" Passalacqua repeated. "Curse that Selmi, he has made me
catch cold! But why has he run away? He must be mad! Just look how
he... has... but where has he gone?"

He was interrupted by a scream of "Roberto!" from Signora Lalla as she
dashed from the terrace into the room through which Selmi had just
made his escape.

They all crowded into the room after her, in terror.

A stranger, with his hat in his hand and his eyes lowered, was
standing rigid upon the threshold of the room, while Roberto, his
chalky face mottled in patches, looked round the room, staggered,
unable to make up his mind. At her cry, he put out his hands, but as
though to check the outburst of his own emotion rather than anyone's

"Please, please," he said, "no fuss.... It's nothing.... A... a
summons from the police."

"They're arresting him!" Antonio Del Be hissed through his set teeth,
his face changing as he trembled all over.

Nanna gave a shriek, and fell in hysterics in her husband's arms.

"They're arresting him?" asked Mauro Mor-tara, stepping forward, while
Roberto looked about the room for the clothes he would require,
signalling to them all not to shout, not to make a fuss.

"How is this?" Mauro went on, gazing at Antonio Del Re.

Receiving no answer from anyone, he went up to the stranger and, with
upraised arm, apostrophised him:

"You! You have come here to arrest Don Roberto Auriti?"

"Mauro!" the last-named interrupted him. "For pity's sake, Mauro...
don't interfere!"

"But how?" repeated Mauro Mortara, turning to Roberto. "They are
arresting you? Why?"

Roberto hastened to lend a hand to Passalaequa, the singing pupil and
Celsina, who were unable to support Signora Lalla, who struggled and
twisted amid screams, sobs, groans and hysterical laughter.

"Into the other room, for goodness' sake; take her out of here!" he
appealed to them.

But it was not possible. Passalacqua, instead of availing himself of
Roberto's help, thought fit to fling his arms round his neck, bursting
into sobs and exclaiming:

"Scapegoat! Scapegoat!"

Roberto freed himself, with a shudder of disgust, and stopped his
ears, while Passalacqua, turning again to Mauro, went on:

"You see, Patriot? This is how Italy rewards her heroes! Like this!"

"The son of Stefano Auriti!" Mauro Mortara was muttering to himself,
his eyes starting from their sockets, beating his breast as he spoke.
"The son of Donna Caterina Laurentano!... And I came to Rome to see
this! But what have you been doing?" he demanded of Roberto, gripping
both his arms and shaking him. "Tell me that you are still the same
man! Yes? You are? Very well, then..."

He snatched at his medals; tore them from his breast; flung them on
the ground; stepped on them and trampled them underfoot; then, turning
to the police inspector:

"Tell that to your Government!" he shouted. "Tell them that an old
campaigner, come on a visit to Rome, with his Garibaldi medals, when
he saw them arrest the son of a hero who died in his arms at the
battle of Milazzo, tore the medals from his breast and trampled on
them! So!"

He turned to Roberto, took him in his arms, and, hearing him sob upon
his shoulder began trying to soothe him with murmurs of "My boy! My
boy!" patting him on the back.

At this stage Antonio Del Re rushed from the room, with a moan of
rage, knocking a chair over in his flight. Celsina, who was keeping an
eye upon him, ran after him, in alarm, calling to him by name. Mauro
Mortara turned with feline stealth, as though, at this headlong exit,
it had flashed across his mind that they were determined at all costs
to prevent Roberto's arrest; and shewed himself prepared for any deed
of violence. Freed from his embrace, Roberto stepped in front of the

"Here I am."

"No!" cried Mauro, seizing him again by the arm. "Don Roberto! Do you
surrender like this?"

"Kindly let me go...." said Roberto Auriti; then, turning to the
inspector: "You must excuse ..."

He beckoned to Nanna, who was now gasping for breath, with both hands
pressed to her heart, and kissed her on the brow, saying:


"And what shall I say to your mother?" exclaimed Mauro Mortara, waving
his hands in the air.

Roberto's bosom heaved, he covered his face with his hands to dam the
torrent of his emotion, and left the room, escorted by the inspector,
while Signora Lalla, supported by her husband and the pupil, started
moaning rather than shouting:

"Roberto! Roberto! Roberto!"

Mauro Mortara was left staring, crushed and senseless. When
Passalacqua informed him of all that had happened, and, fresh from his
recent perusal of the newspaper, set before him all the misery and
shame of the moment:

"This," he said, "this is Italy?"

And, seeing his great dream shattered, he thought no more of Roberto
Auriti, of his arrest; heard, saw nothing any more. He saw only his
medals lying there on the ground, trampled underfoot.


As he was going down the stair from Koberto's, Corrado Selmi ran into
the police inspector and his escort, on their way up to arrest the
innocent man. He stopped for a moment, undecided; but at once felt his
brain filled by a dense mist, and in that darkness of wrath and
anguish heard a voice warning him from the depths of his consciousness
that he could not by any precipitate action prevent this atrocious
injustice. He went on his way down the stair; got into his cab again
and felt a sense of stupor upon the driver's inquiring where he was to
take him. Why, home of course; no need to tell him that. Where else
could he go? What was there left for him to do?

"Via San Nicolo da Tolentino."

And, as though he were already there, he saw himself going up the
stair of his own house: now, he was going into his bedroom; he crossed
to the corner, where there was a hanging cabinet of green lacquer:
opened it; took out a little bottle, and.... Instinctively, he had
thrust his hand into his waistcoat pocket, where he kept the key of
that cabinet. A strange thing: he was thinking now of the mirror, of a
little oval mirror that hung beside the cabinet, from which he ought
to have been keeping his eyes averted, so as not to see his own
reflexion. And yet he could, he did see himself: yes, in that mirror,
with the bottle in his hand: he saw the expression in his eyes, which
smiled hack at him, as though they did not believe that he would do
the deed. No! First of all he must write out and seal a statement for
Auriti; just a few lines, stating the facts explicitly. His accusers
did not deserve a final outburst on his part. A couple of lines, only,
to save his friend, who by this time must be in prison.

His enemies.... But who were they? How many? The whole world! Was it
possible? All his friends of yesterday. Everybody, and yet nobody, if
he took them one by one. For he had never done anything to any of them
that could transform the hearty welcome of yesterday into such
aloofness of spirit, such hostility. It was the moment, the blind fury
of the moment that was falling upon him, that was finding its prey in
him, and seizing him and tearing him to pieces.

Oh, how the cab was crawling! It seemed to Corrado Selmi to be
prolonging his agony with contemptuous cruelty.

"I am not at home to anybody," he said to Pietro, the old servant who
had been with him for so many years.

And his first impulse, on entering his bedroom, was towards the
cabinet. He checked it. He remembered the statement that he had to
write. He decided, however, to secure the hottle first, and, without
looking at it, took it with him to the writing table in his study. He
stood there for a while, as though trying to remember something which
he had intended to do, and which had passed out of his mind.
Instinctively, gently, he tiptoed back to his bedroom; his eyes found
their way to the little oval mirror, hanging on the wall by the
cabinet. He had forgotten to look at himself in it. He shrugged his
shoulders and turned back to the writing table; sat down; took from
the blotting book a sheet of paper and an envelope; looked to see
whether the stick of wax and his seal were on the table; rose again
and returned to his bedroom to fetch the candle from his bed-table.

The statement turned out less brief than he had planned, since, as an
additional safeguard to Auriti's innocence, he decided to cite as a
witness the governor of the bank himself, who also was now under
arrest, and with whom, before incurring the debt under another name,
he had come to a secret agreement.

When he had finished writing, he looked at the bottle on the table and
at once felt all desire to read over again what he had written vanish.
They seemed to him enormous, all the little things that still remained
to be done: folding and refolding the sheet; slipping it into the
envelope; lighting the candle; melting the stick of wax in the flame;
applying the seal.... He went through the whole process with
irritation. He gasped for breath; his fingers slipped and fumbled,
losing all sense of touch. He was just preparing to shut the envelope
when from the street beneath rang out the strident, jerky strains of a
barrel organ.

It seemed to Selmi that this sound, coming after all that had
happened, must split his head: he stopped his ears, sprang to his
feet, screwed up his face as though he were suffering unspeakable
torments, was going to the window to hurl down abuse at the itinerant

Ah no, perdio! Not that! At the sound of a trumpery little Neapolitan
street song, no, no, no.

He felt humiliated by this outburst of rage. Or was it that he was
really a scoundrel? No: quietly, at his ease, with a steady hand,
without that dry feeling in his mouth; quietly, after he had soothed
his nerves, and with a smile, he must kill himself, as was his duty.

He took the sealed envelope with the statement and slipped it into the
blotting book; put the bottle of poison in his pocket. He wished to go
out again, for a last drive, to bid farewell to life, released now
from every care, rid of every burden, free from all passion, with
clear eyes and a serene spirit; to bid farewell to life, to smile at
it with his habitual gentle smile; to enjoy for the last time the
things that remained to him, things that were rejoicing in this day of
sunshine, unconscious amid the turbid flow of all these misfortunes,
which presently time would have swept away. Yes, a last farewell to
life, to the heautiful things which remained to him and which he had
loved so well.

And he made the driver take him to the Janiculum. At first, confused
by the dull roaring sound that was caused by a momentary stoppage in
his ears, he was incapable of noticing, or seeing, or thinking
anything; only when the carriage turned into the Via della Lungara,
and passed the Regina Coeli prison, he reflected that possibly at that
moment Roberto Auriti was confined there; but he refused to let the
thought worry him any more. Soon enough, with the help of that
statement, he would be released from prison, to carry on his
precarious, tiresome, detrimental existence with that Signora Lalla of
his and Passalacqua and Bonome, whereas he himself, on the other
hand--ah, he would have been delivered!

When he reached the summit of the hill, it seemed to him a real
deliverance, that altitude, from which he could gaze upon Rome the
divine, luminous in the sunlight, beneath the intense azure of the
sky; a deliverance from all the bitter little miseries that had hurt
and stifled him down below; from the shock of all the petty
vulgarities of every day; from the tiresome quarrels of little men,
who sought to dispute his right to move and to breathe. He felt
himself, up there, free and alone, free and serene, raised above all
hatred, above all passion, above and beyond time, exalted, assumed to
that altitude by his great love of life, alone with and in that love,
in defence of which he was going to take his life. And in it and with
it he felt himself made pure, in an instant, for all time. In the
eternity of that instant were cancelled, were absolved and vanished
his weaknesses, his transgressions, his faults, since he had been
after all a man, and subject to the law of necessity. Now, with death,
he would surmount them all. There remained only, at this stage,
luminous, indefeasible, immortal, his love of life, his love of the
country, the fatherland for which he had fought and conquered. Yes,
like all those who, down yonder, in defence of Rome had made a good
death, cut off in the frenzied ardour of youth and rendered immune to
all the frailties, free of all the obstacles which might, in time,
have deformed and degraded them. Now, at this moment, he likewise,
stripping himself of all his frailties, freeing himself from every
obstacle, aflame and quivering with the old ardour, with the golden
light in his eyes of the setting sun upon the houses of the great
four-square city, he was preparing for himself, like them, a good
death, a death that exalted him in his own eyes, without envy of those
others who stood in effigy up there, handed down to posterity in a
marble bust. He remembered that he had with him the bottle of poison;
but no! At home! In the house! Quietly, on his bed: he must not make
a scene!

He went down again to the city.

At the foot of the hill, he felt that he had left his soul up above,
in the sunlight. Here, in the shadow, was his body, still alive, for a
little while longer. He looked at his hands, his legs, and at once
felt a thrill of horror. But, as though a voice from above were
recalling him sternly to his duty, he controlled himself and in answer
to the voice said yes, he would in a short time destroy that body,
without hesitation.

After crossing the iron bridge, he heard several newsvendors crying a
special edition of the most widely read sheet in Rome. Thinking that
this must be for him, he stopped the carriage and bought a paper. Sure
enough, on the front page was a report of the Parliamentary sitting
and at the head of the sixth column his own name stood out in a


as the title of the principal feature of the paper. He began to read
it; but soon felt a curious disgust for it: he noticed that to him all
this stuff was already a vain and vacuous language, which had no
longer any power to arouse any sentiment in him, as though it were
composed of words that had no meaning. It seemed to him that the
writer of the article had had no other object than to prove that he
was alive, quite alive, and that, being so, he could and was going to
play tricks with his words, so that the other living men, his readers,
might say: "Isn't he a smart fellow? Isn't he clever?"

The sheet, flimsy as it was, seemed to him suddenly, with his name
printed there at the top of the page, a tombstone, his own, which he
himself, for some unaccountable reason, was taking with him in the
carriage, straight to his grave; a strange stone, upon which, instead
of the customary lying tributes, were carved accusations and insults.
But what did they matter now to him? He lay beneath.

And indeed, as though to see where he did lie, he turned the page.

At once his eye was caught by a headline in huge type, spread across
five columns of the second page:


and beneath, in smaller type: _Revolt of sulphur workers--Attack on
mining engineer Costa's carriage--Scenes of savagery--Mob kill him and
wife of Deputy Capolino and set fire to their bodies_.

Corrado Selmi sat there, crushed by horror and disgust, his eyes fixed
upon the account. He realized that it was for this and not for himself
that the special edition had been published. The wife of the Deputy
Capolino? He had seen her at Gir-genti, when he went down there to
support Roberto Auriti's candidature and to assist Veronica in his
duel with her husband. Such a beautiful woman!... Murdered? And how
did she come to be driving in a carriage, at Aragona, with this
engineer? Ah, she had travelled from Rome with him.... An
elopement?... He was Salvo's engineer.... The sulphur workers had
marched in a body from the village to the station, determined not to
let him pass, unless he brought them an assurance from Rome that the
promises would be fulfilled.... What was this?... That Preda ... Marco
Preola, that wretch whom Roberto Auriti had flung through the glass
door in the office of that clerical rag... he was now in command of
this savage horde of assassins... he had incited them to the attack on
the carriage, the butchery. Oh, the cowards! To attack a woman. ...
Costa fired... and then...

Selmi could read no more; he sat back in disgust with the paper lying
open in his hands, stifled, poisoned by the foulness of the massacre;
and seemed to feel himself assailed by the fierce breath of a whole
populace turned to savages, drunken with blood. In a fit of loathing
he rolled up the paper in a ball and flung it from the carriage.
To-morrow, if not that very evening, in another special edition, it
would be employing that huge type to announce his suicide.

As he let himself into the house, he was informed by Pietro, his old
servant, that Auriti's nephew, Antonio Del Re, was in the sitting

"All right," he said. "Shew him into the study when I ring."

Pietro was perhaps expecting a reprimand for having admitted the young
man, and had his answer ready, to wit, that the young man had forced
his way into the house, notwithstanding his having definitely assured
him that the master was not at home, and then done everything in his
power to keep him out. He spread out his arms and bowed at Selmi's
curt order; but, as his master made off in the direction of his
bedroom, stood perplexed, wondering whether he ought not to warn him
of the young man's threatening manner and distracted air. He shut his
eyes, shrugged his shoulders, as much as to say: "An order's an
order!" and withdrew to the sitting-room to keep the insolent visitor
under observation.

"There," he said to him, with a glance at the door opposite. "In a
minute, as soon as he rings...."

Antonio Del Re could contain himself no longer; he was fuming with
rage. His face, under the terrible strain of waiting, was
unrecognizable. His hand strayed restlessly in his pocket. And the
old servant kept his eye on that hand which, through the cloth of his
coat, seemed to be clutching a weapon.

And still the bell did not ring; and the longer the delay, the more
the young man's ill-concealed impatience and the restless movement of
his hand increased. The old servant, in the utmost consternation, went
across to the door, took his stand in front of it, only just in time,
for, at the peal of the bell, Antonio Del Re rushed at the door like a
wild beast, brandishing a dagger, dragging in his wake the old man who
had thrown his arms round him.

Corrado Selmi, pale as death, seated at the writing-table, with the
glass still in his hand from which he had just drunk the poison, out
of the bottle that lay overturned by the blotter, turned round and at
once arrested, with a frigid stare and a faintly contemptuous smile
that quivered on his lips, the young man's violent inrush.

"Don't bother!" he said to him. "You see? I have done it all,
myself.... Let him go!" he ordered the servant. "And I forbid you to
shout or to go for help."

He took the sealed envelope from the table and showed it to the young
man, who stood gazing at him speechless and gasping.

"You are going the wrong way, my boy," he said to him. "You have a
nasty look on your face.... But don't distress yourself: this letter
is for your uncle. He will be released. Let it lie here."

He put the envelope back on the table; blinked his eyes, set his
teeth; his body grew rigid, while the deathly pallor of his face
became mottled with livid spots. He tried to rise; the servant hurried
to his assistance.

"Help me... to bed..."

He turned to Del Re, his eyes already beginning to wander. The ghost
of a smile seemed to flicker in his lifeless face. And he said in a
strange voice:

"Learn to laugh, young fellow.... Go out into the air: it is a perfect

And he passed through the door, supported by his servant.


As from the Via delle Colonnette, upon the arrest of Roberto Aurati,
Antonio Del Re had escaped to Selmi's, so, but in a different mood,
Mauro Mortara, picking up his trampled medals from the floor, had
hastened in search of Lando Laurentano. At the villino on the Via
Somma-campagna, Raffaele, the butler, had told him that his master,
upon reading in the newspaper the account of the massacre there had
been in Sicily, Girgenti way, had jumped into a cab and driven off to

"And where is that? How am I going to find the way?"

"If you like, I can take a cab and go there with you."

In the cab, seeing Mauro's breathless anxiety to reach his
destination, the other asked him whether he knew the lady and the

"What lady? What engineer?"

"What! Haven't you heard? Don't you know? They have murdered them at

"At Aragona?"

"The sulphurmen."

"Why, then..." And he had stopped short,, swinging round, to look
first of all straight into the butler's face, with eyes that seemed to
be; starting from their sockets, then out of the carriage at the
passers-by in the street as though all of a sudden assailed by the
suspicion that a great catastrophe had occurred without his knowing
anything about it.

"Why, what is coming over us? Has everything gone wrong? Murder there!
Arrests here! Do you know that they have arrested Don Roberto Auriti?"

"The master's cousin?"

"His cousin! His own flesh and blood! And he goes off to the Velia!
They arrest his cousin, Don Roberto Auriti, one of the Thousand, who
was out in Sixty, when he was only twelve years old! And his father
died here, in my arms, at Milazzo.... Arrested! Before my eyes! That I
should have lived to see the day!"

He had begun to raise his voice in the carriage, and to gesticulate
and to weep aloud; and people were turning round, and stopping, and
making remarks, seeing a man so strangely attired, with that knapsack
on his back, driving along the street and shouting.

"Be quiet! Be quiet!"

Be quiet, indeed! Mauro Mortara was out for justice, and revenge for
this arrest; and when Raffaele, to silence him, referred to the visit
that, a few days earlier, possibly in this connexion, Don Giulio, Don
Roberto's brother, had paid to his master:

"Of course!" he cried, remembering the occasion. "I was there! I was
there! And I saw him weep! So this was why that poor boy was weeping?
He was seeking help.... Then... then Don Landino must have refused to
help him? Is it possible?"

"Perhaps because the amount was too large...."

"What do you mean, too large! When the honour of a patriot is at
stake! And he a rich man! And his aunt never touched a penny of her
father's fortune, every penny of it went to her elder brother.... Oh
God! God! Donna Caterina ... the only one of them that is a worthy
child of their father.... Now Donna Caterina will die of a broken
heart.... But if this is true, by the Madonna, that he has refused to
help, I will never look him in the face again, so help me God! I don't
believe it! I won't believe it!"

On reaching Velia's house, however, he found such a turmoil raging
there that he could no longer think of calling Lando to account for
the arrest of Roberto Auriti.

Dianella Salvo, his little friend Donna Dianella, his dove, who in
that month spent at Valsania had contrived to conquer and melt him
with the tender charm of her eyes and voice, on seeing him enter the
drawing-room frowning and bewildered, immediately sprang towards him
with the neigh of a frightened filly, and clung to his bosom,
trembling all over, burying her dishevelled head in his flannel shirt,
as though seeking sanctuary in his heart, and shouting, with a hand
stretched out behind her, towards her father:

"Wolf! Wolf!"

Mauro Mortara, thus overpowered, assailed, his breast buffeted by this
girl in such a state, lifted his head in astonishment, seeking an
explanation in the eyes of the onlookers: he saw terrified, pained,
weeping faces, hands raised in gestures of fear, self-defence, sorrow
and wonder. He did not realise that the girl had gone mad. He took her
head in his hands and tried to detach it from his breast, so as to
look her in the face:

"My child!" he said. "What have they done to you? What have they done
to you? Tell me! Murderers.... Your heart.... They have torn the
heart out of my bosom too!"

But, when he was able to see her eyes and her strange, altered face,
her lips parted, now, in a mournful laugh, while a thread of blood
trickled between her teeth, he was horrified: he looked again at the
rest of the company and, laying her head back on his breast and
keeping his hand on her dishevelled locks as a sign of protection and

"Like her mother?" he said with a shudder, and stepped back, driven by
the girl who, repeating against his breast that horrible neighing
laugh, kept urging him in a frenzy of excitement:

"To Aurelio... to Aurelio..."

Her cousin Lillina, her face bathed in tears, hastened to the rescue,
while at the other end of the room Lando Laurentano and Don Francesco
Velia tried to comfort Flaminio Salvo who, at this outbreak, had
buried his face in his hands, imploring her:

"Yes, Dianella, there's a good girl! He shall take you at once... he
shall take you wherever you want to go... there's a good girl, dear!"

But Dianella, hearing her father's voice, overcome once more by
terror, had again buried her head in Macro's breast and clung to him
more frantically than ever, wailing:

"Wolf! Wolf!"

"You have me here! where is the wolf?" Mauro called to her, encircling
her again in his arms. "Don't he afraid! I am with you, here!"

"You see? You have him, here, now! You have him!" Lillina repeated.

And Ciccino and Aunt Rosa gathered round her, repeating:

"He's here! Don't you see, he's come here for you? To defend you,

The poor girl lifted her face, happy and tremulous, a few inches, to
shew a smile of gratitude, and continued to thrust Mauro towards the

"Yes... yes... to Aurelio... to Aurelio..."

Choked by his emotion, Mauro, driven hack like this, among these
people whom he did not know and who were pressing round him, asked

"But tell me, what is the matter? How did it happen? What is she
saying? She says Aurelio? Who is he? The son of Don Leonardo Costa?
Ah, it is he... the man they have murdered?"

With their eyes, with their hands, they all bec-koned to him to he
silent, and somebody answered him with a nod of assent.

"She was in love with him? Oh, my child..."

Lando Laurentano and Don Francesco Velia led Flaminio Salvo from the

"Tell me, tell me what they have been doing to you," Mauro went on,
turning to Dianella, with an almost savage tenderness. "We are going
now to Aurelio.... But tell me what they have been doing to you? Who
is the wolf, tell me, and I will kill him! Who is the wolf?" he
inquired of the others with a set countenance, which made it plain
that if there really was a wolf, who had done any injury to this poor
little lamb, he was ready to spring upon him.

But nobody knew with certainty what had happened, to whom actually
Dianella was alluding by her cry. To her father, apparently; still, no
one could say positively. Perhaps she mistook him for some one else.
During their absence, Ignazio Capolino had been in the house. Dianella
had stayed at home, by herself, because she was not feeling well; and
upon her, unquestionably, Capolino, without mercy, maddened by the
appalling tragedy, must have poured out the vials of his wrath.
Ciccino and Lillina, who had been the first to return, had heard him

"Your father! Tour own father, do you hear me?"

But, upon their entering the room, he had made off, in a fury, leaving
the poor child half unconscious, as though stunned by all these
pitiless blows upon her head; and, a moment later, she, showing signs
of terror, had begun to wail: "Wolf! Wolf!"

What had Capolino said to her?

One person only could tell, as surely as though he had been a witness
of the scene: Flaminio Salvo, who in the next room, with Lando
Laurentano and his brother-in-law Francesco Velia, was feeling an
overpowering need to confess his remorse, but nevertheless,
unavoidably, in accusing himself, excused himself also.

Francesco Velia had asked him, whether he had ever noticed that his
daughter was in love with Costa.

"If you were not aware of it!"

"I was aware of it. But could I, a father, bestow my daughter upon one
of my own dependents? He, poor fellow, had never noticed it, my
daughter was too modest, and also such a thought could never have
entered his head; especially as for some time past he was head over
ears in love with that other poor creature.... But the fault is mine,
the fault is mine: I have no excuse! No one can know better than I
that the fault is mine! I had been kind to that poor young man, as I
had been kind to all those others who have murdered him down there!
What other fruit can kindness yield? Costa had grown up in my house,
like my own son; and that poor girl of mine.... Why yes, of course!
And I, I saw clearly that the mistake that I had made at the start, in
being kind to him, must end in their marrying; and yet, I confess, the
idea repelled me, and I tried to put it off as long as possible. But,
you see; in the meantime, I had called the boy back from Sardinia, and
had put him in charge of the sulphur pits at Aragona; and just now,
here in Rome, I had told Capolino that if Costa should succeed in
taming those brutes down there, I would give him my daughter as a
reward. Mark this: Capolino therefore knew, and consequently his wife
must have known also that this was my intention. Yes, it is true, I
had other, private, intentions, or rather, a hope.... Gentlemen, I
might well have aspired to something very different for my daughter
..." (so saying, he looked Lando Laurentano in the face). "I had
therefore brought her to Rome and proposed to leave her here in my
sister's house, in the hope that she might be distracted from her
childish obstinacy. Very well, Signora Capolino decided to take
advantage of this hope and bring my plan to nothing: she decided to go
off with Costa, to part him from my daughter for ever. And Signor
Capolino perhaps hoped that, with Aurelio married presently to my
daughter and already his wife's lover, he himself might continue to
occupy a place in my household. And now, now that all his castles in
the air have collapsed, he has denounced all his own machinations to
my daughter as being mine! But I, I swear to you, gentlemen, I will
crush him.... Crush him. ... If... ever again..."

He shrugged his shoulders, waved the threat aside with his hands, as
though any definite proposal, now, filled him with overpowering
nausea, choked him with disgust. And he flung himself down in an
armchair, brooding darkly; he sat there, as though more and more
terrified by the arid, horrid void which, after this long flow of
words, he had created within himself.

Nothing: he no longer felt anything: no pity, no affection for anyone.
A vast disgust, indeed physical sickness was what he felt now at
everything, and especially at the part that he would have to play, of
a father inconsolable at this calamity to his daughter, which as a
matter of fact aroused no feeling in him hut irritation, that was it,
and scorn, almost shame, yes, shame. This mad craving of his daughter
for her lover revolted him as something shameful. And he asked himself
with savage crudity, whether he had ever really loved his daughter,
from his heart. No. From a sense of duty he had loved her. And now
that this duty had become so serious and painful, he could feel
nothing else for it but disgust and nausea. Yes, because his daughter
too was doomed by fate! Was not her mother mad? And now, everything
that could happen to him had happened. The cup was full, and
overflowing! The destruction of his existence by fate was
accomplished; and he, in that arid, horrid void, remained master, with
nothing left to fear. Death he did not fear. Henceforward, he was
raised above everyone and everything.

And he looked at the flash of the big stone in the ring upon the
stunted little finger of his hairy hand, resting upon his leg. That
flash, for some unaccountable reason, made him think of the white body
of Nicoletta Capolino, which those brutes down there had burned. He
raised his head, wrinkling his nostrils. Oh, how he longed for a
cigar! But he remembered that he must not smoke, because at such a
moment it would be thought improper. He heard Francesco Velia say to
Lando Laurentano:

"Why, yes, it is obvious: they had eloped! They left here four days
earlier, and had only just reached Aragona....Where were they during
those four days?"

And he interposed, in a changed voice, with a changed face, as though
he were no longer the game man:

"There can be no doubt about it," he said. "The day before yesterday
a letter reached me from Naples, from Costa, in which he resigned from
my service. And so he went down there to die on his own account: and
for this too, therefore, I need feel no remorse."

At this moment Ciccino Velia entered the room, tongue-tied by the
awkwardness of the message he brought and would have preferred not to

"Lando," he said, hesitating, "I have something to tell you.... That
old man..."


"Yes, that's right... came here with your servant to find you, to...
he says... he says that they have arrested Roberto Auriti."

Lando turned pale, then coloured, knitting his brows as though
perplexed by a thought which was forcing itself upon him against his
will; he shewed signs of embarrassment at finding himself among people
who had a far more serious trouble of their own.

"Go, go," Flaminio Salvo hastened to reassure him, holding out one
hand and laying the other on his shoulder to escort him from the room.

"I trust," Lando said to him, "that this illness of your daughter's
will be merely a passing disturbance."

Flaminio Salvo shut his eyes and shook his head:

"I am under no illusion."

And they returned to the drawing-room, so, Land in hand.

Mauro Mortara, already out of temper, choking, apart from the poor mad
girl who clung to his breast, could not control himself at this
spectacle: he shook himself free, with a roar in his throat, and
shouted to the two women who were standing by him:

"Take her... catch hold of her.... He gives him his hand.... I cannot
look on at such a thing.... Do you know what his name is? He bears his
grandfather's name: Gerlando Laurentano!"

And, tearing himself from Dianella's arms, he fled from the room.

Flaminio Salvo's lips parted in a bitter smile, more of derisive pity
than of anger; and, to the apologies offered him by Lando Laurentano,
he replied:

"Infection.... It is nothing, Prince.... Insanity is, alas, as we
know, infectious...."



AT Girgenti, the entire population were thronging upon the wide
expanse of ground outside Porta di Ponte, where the road enters the
town, waiting for the carriages to bring up from the station, down in
Val Sellano, the remains, which were understood to have been collected
in a single coffin, of Nicoletta Capolino and Aurelia Costa.

Amazement, grief, horror were depicted upon every face at this bestial
crime, which for the past two days had kept the town and the whole of
the Province in a ferment. In every eye was a close and painful
attention, a cautious anxiety to gather fresh news of more precise
details and not to let anything escape; for no one was satisfied with
what he already knew, and everyone wished to see and, so to speak,
touch with his eyes, in that coffin for which they were waiting, the
proof that what had happened outside the town, and seemed, in its
ferocity, to be incredible, was really true. Not having been able to
witness the spectacle of that ferocity, they were determined at least
to behold, so far as might presently be possible, its pitiable result.

Old considerations, in the case of one at least of the victims;
others, more novel, which were now being divulged and increasing, amid
stupefaction and pity, the tragedy of the event, if they restrained
actual tears, could not prevent commiseration at the atrocity of these
people's death, indignation at the reproach which it cast upon the
Province as a whole.

Living still in the eyes of them all was the image of the beautiful
lady, when, haughty and aloof, exquisitely attired, she used to drive
past in Salvo's carriage, barely bowing her head in acknowledgment of
their greetings with a smile of wistful gratification. Everyone saw in
his mind's eye, with a strange sharpness of perception, some living
detail of her person or expression, the whiteness of her teeth just
discernible between her scarlet lips, when they parted in that smile;
the sparkle of her eyes between their dark lashes; and they asked
themselves with a vague misgiving, who could ever have imagined, then,
that this was to be her end.

To resign like that, in an instant, the life of ease and honour, to
which, with Salvo for a friend and her husband in Parliament, she had
risen, and to elope with a man with whom, once already, she had
refused to be joined in matrimony, why, to be sure, she must have been
out of her mind. But perhaps it was done from spite, that was it, from
spite against Dianella Salvo, who was secretly in love with Costa....
Perhaps? And was it not common knowledge already that she, poor girl,
as soon as she heard of the elopement and massacre, had gone mad, like
her mother?

And so, from an act of treachery, this pair, from an adventure which
for one of them alone perhaps was an amorous adventure, and which had
already by itself created such a scandal in the neighbourhood, had
leaped into the jaws of such a death. But how, why had they made for
Aragona, where he must have known that all those hyaenas were in wait
for him, famished for months past by the shutting down of Salvo's
sulphur pits? Because, having eloped together thus, they could not
shew their faces in Girgenti. Their elopement was an insult not so
much to the husband as to Salvo, and therefore they had turned to the
one spot where everyone was against Salvo. Possibly he, Costa,
believed, or at any rate hoped that, if he were to announce
immediately upon his arrival that he too had rebelled against Salvo,
they would welcome him as one of themselves and no longer hold him
responsible for the broken promises. Besides, it was there, at
Aragona, that his home was; perhaps he was going there merely to
collect his belongings, the instruments of his profession, his books,
with the intention of leaving again at once, of returning to his
former employment in Sardinia. Yes; but with the lady? Ought he to
have gone there, into the midst of his enemies, with the lady? He
might at least have left her, first, in some place of safety! Ah, but
perhaps she, she herself had insisted upon facing the danger with him.
She had a proud spirit, that lady, and had known how to shew it in
front of that horde of savages, rising to her feet in the carriage, to
shield Aurelio Costa's body with her own, and crying out that he had
left Salvo's employ for their sake, because of the unfulfilled
promises! But that rascal Marco Preola had raised his voice:

"Death to the whore!"

And the horde of savages, rendered powerless at first by the superb
temerity of the lady, had been stirred to action. Perhaps even then
Nico-letta Capolino might have succeeded in controlling them, in
making them listen, had not Aurelio Costa instinctively, at that call
for blood, at the vulgar insult, sprung up in her defence, pistol in
hand. Then the carriage had been attacked from all sides, and both he
and she, under a shower of knife-thrusts and hammer-blows, had been
first stunned, then literally torn to pieces, as though by a pack of
savage dogs; the carriage too, even the carriage had been shattered,
broken in pieces; and when upon the pyre formed of the spokes of the
wheels, the doors, the seats, had been flung the wretched,
unrecognizable remains of their two bodies, a man had been seen to
pour over them, from a big brass reflector lamp, purloined from the
railway station near by, a stream of paraffin, and a crowd of others,
with eager, breathless haste, set fire to the pile, as though to
remove at once from their sight the appalling spectacle of carnage.

So, the incidents of the slaughter were in detail and with a sort of
ecstasy of horror described and re-enacted, as though everyone had
been present at the scene and saw it still before his eyes. They all
saw that bloodstained brute pouring the oil from that brass lamp upon
the limbs obscenely mutilated and heaped upon the pyre, and the others
stooping eagerly to kindle the flames.

It was known that a large number, more than sixty, had been arrested,
as well as Marco Freda, that abortion of nature; originally the
forlorn hope of the Clerical Party, then President of that Fascio of
sulphur workers at Aragona. Before long, therefore, perhaps that very
day, another spectacular event: the convoy of all these miscreants, in
chains, two by two, from the railway station to the prison of Santo
Vito, amid a solemn escort of police, mounted carabinieri and

Here, here at last came the carriages! There, look! Where was the
coffin? Oh, what a little one! There it was! On the third carriage,
there, the one with a serjeant on the box! Why, it all went on the
back seat! That one, that box there! That little tin box! That one?
With the chief constable on the seat facing it? Yes, yes! And who was
the other man by his side? Ah, Leonardo Costa! The father! The father!
Oh, poor father, with that box there, facing him!

A cry of pity, of horror, rose from the whole crowd at the sight of
that father, who seemed petrified in an expression of rage, but at the
same time stupefied in horror; with his eyes fixed on that box, as
though he were asking how it could contain his son, the pillar of his
house! But what could there be left then, of his son, if there were
two bodies there, two? The heads only? Perhaps, torn off, yes, and a
limb or two, charred. Oh God! Oh God!

And almost all of them wept, and many sobbed aloud.

Hearing their cries, their sobs, Leonardo Costa, as he drove past,
uttered a cry also, gave vent to the ferocity of his grief in a howl,
in which there was nothing human; then fell back, writhing, in the
arms of the chief constable.

The carriage stopped at the corner of the piazza where the Prefecture
stands, which is also the police headquarters. Two policemen took
charge of the coffin; Cavalier Franco helped Leonardo Costa to alight.
The poor old man, solidly built as he was, could not stand on his
feet; one of his ears was bleeding, because at the station, in a
paroxysm of rage, he had torn out one of his golden earrings. Other
policemen formed a line in front of the gate, to prevent the crowd
from breaking into the courtyard of the building. And the crowd
remained there outside, irritated, cheated, unsatisfied. What was
going to happen next? Was this the end of it all? Was the coffin to
remain there, in the police station? Was there not to be a funeral
procession to the cemetery of Bonamorone? That was where the ancestral
vault of the Spoto family was. Now, there was no one left of that
family. Aurelio Costa had still his father; for Nicoletta Capolino, no
one: her hushand could not be there; there might have been her
stepfather, Don Salesio Ma-rullo; but it was common knowledge that the
poor man, abandoned by everyone, had gone to seek a charitable asylum
at Colimbetra, and had been living there for some months, sick.
Perhaps Leonardo Costa was claiming his son's remains for himself, to
take them to the cemetery at Porto Empedocle; and judicial objections
were being raised to his desire.

The crowd, by degrees, began to melt away, amid endless comments.

Leonardo Costa was demanding exactly what the crowd had imagined. The
chief constable, Cav. Franco, tried to persuade him to have a little
patience, since first of all the judicial procedure must, as he
explained, be gone through, there in the office.... Why yes, in the
course of the day; after the examining magistrate's visit. Costa, as
though he did not understand, insisted, obstinately repeating, in
identical words, his piteous request. And Cavalier Franco, albeit
filled with pity for this poor father, groaned, he could stand it no
longer. This was a terrible time for him, and he did not know where to
turn, now that from all parts of the Province, from all over Sicily,
reports kept coming in that grew daily more alarming; it seemed that
at any moment a general insurrection must break out, and the military
garrison was scattered, and more scattered still the police.

But what did he want, what more did this good man want now? He
wanted... he wanted that the remains of his son--such as they
were--should not remain there mixed up with those of the woman, that
execrable woman! Why, why had they been gathered up like that

Cavalier Franco lost his patience.

"Why?" he shouted. "What do you suppose there is inside there?"

And he pointed to the box, which had been laid on a table.

"Oh, my son!"

"Everything that could be collected, out of the flames. Nothing!
Practically nothing!"

"Oh, my son!"

"What do you propose to put aside, to identify? They came too late.
At the station, there were no police. Before the inspector could
arrive from Aragona, the fire.... Nothing, I tell you... a few scraps
of bone...."

"Oh, my son!"

"You can't recognize anything.... Yes, yes, poor man, yes, cry, cry,
it's the best thing you can do.... Poor Costa, yes... yes.... It is a
thing that... oh God, oh God, what a thing to happen... yes, it makes
one deny humanity! But get into your mind, so as to pluck this arrow
at least from your heart, get into your mind that there is not... your
son is not in there: there is nothing there at all.... And besides,
poor man, think that the woman, even if you hate her, he loved her;
and perhaps he is not sorry now that whatever there may be in there of
him should be together, mingled with her remains.... Poor woman! She
may have had her faults, but there, what a fate hers has been too!"

"No... no... she... I can't... I can't speak... she... to perdition...
my son... she! Don't you know, Signor Commissario, that my son was
loved by his master's daughter? We know for certain... a fact, this
is... the poor child has gone mad, like her mother! It has been...
it has all been a plot.... That woman and that murderer of a father
... they had arranged it all between them ... to ruin this son of
mine... to destroy that blessed creature's love for him.... Oh, Signor
Commissario, bind me, bind my arms; Signor Commissario, lock me up,
lock me up in prison, for, if I set eyes on him, that murderer who has
made me lose my son like this, I shall kill him, Signor Commissario, I
shan't answer for myself, I shall kill him! I shall kill him!"

Cavalier Franco clasped his hands together, wrung them and waved them
in the air:

"But do you suppose," he then shouted, his eyes starting from their
sockets, "do you really suppose that I can listen to such talk? I feel
for you, you are mad with grief and do not know what you are saying.
But, perdio, your son, your son ... at a time like this, when any
trifle is enough ... a mere spark, to set the whole of Sicily in a
blaze... is not content with running away, like a schoolboy, with the
wife of a Deputy... but goes of his own accord, there, as much as to
say: 'Here we are, tear us in pieces! Are you looking for fuel? Here
it is! Take us!'--Perdio, they must have been mad, blind.... I don't
know what to say! Of whom are you complaining? And we are here, and
have to be responsible for everything ... even for an act of madness
like that! And in addition to everything, I have to listen to you too
saying: 'I shall kill him, kill him, kill him!' Whom are you going to
kill? Do you suppose that Salvo, even if all your fantastic ideas are
true, has any need of your punishment? His daughter's madness is
sufficient punishment for him!"

Costa, after this outburst, no longer dared to raise his voice; he
looked at the other, with eyes that were glazed with tears; gnawed his
finger; murmured:

"If he were capable of remorse, Signor Commissario! But he is not!"

Cavalier Franco rose from his seat, and left the room.

"Go, go...." said Costa, behind his hack; then, cautiously, stole
across to where the hox was lying upon the table, and tried to lift

A torrent of quick, silent sobs, in his throat and nose, made his head
shake convulsively.

It weighed nothing, nothing at all, that box!

He fell on his knees before the table, resting his brow upon the chill
surface of the metal, and began to moan:

"My son!... My son!... My son!..."


Two days later, there arrived at Girgenti, unexpected, in mourning
attire, the Hon. Ignazio Capolino.

The position in which he had been placed, not so much perhaps by the
sudden calamity as by his own violent outburst, which had deprived
Dianella Salvo of her reason, was so difficult and uncertain, that he
was obliged to collect all his faculties, there on the spot, to find a
way out of it of some sort, as quickly as possible.

The scandal of his wife's elopement had been suppressed by the horror
of her death; the tragic circumstances of that death made him immune
from the ridicule which her elopement might have brought upon him. It
was sufficient therefore for him to present himself to his fellow
citizens, like this, funereal in aspect, but at the same time
austerely reserved, to derive advantage from the general commotion,
without however sharing in it, since his wife had done him an injury.
And they must all see that he was suffering, shattered, crushed by the
atrocious crime, and that he more than anyone deserved compassion,
since by the two so greatly pitied victims themselves he had been
injured, so that he could not mourn, could not even now mourn his own

And yet... how was this? Entering the house again, that house which
his wife's exquisitely skilful management had made so perfect a
setting for the comedy of polite and graceful falsehood, the rivalry
in charming courtesies, in which they had both of them so
whole-heartedly engaged, so that their life might not cause too great
a scandal among their neighbours, be too distasteful to themselves;
and feeling in the brooding silence of the rooms, which remained with
all their furniture as though waiting, the void, the void in which
from the first moment of his calamity he had seen himself as
lost...--how was this?--as he opened the door of her bedroom and
detected, faint but still present, the sweet, voluptuous perfume of
_herself_, why, with an irresistible impulse, which stunned him by its
incoherence, but at the same time pleased him as an unhoped-for
consolation of melancholy, heart-broken tenderness--he wept, yes, wept
at the thought of her, wept for the first time since the news of her
death reached him, wept as he had never wept in his life, conscious in
his tears almost of a grief that was not his own, but was that of the
tears themselves, which welled from his eyes against his will; but,
precisely because he had not willed them, with so sweet, so refreshing
a savour!

But he must not, no, no, he must not... because. ... Why? Why must he
not weep? Oh, was she not, then, his necessary and irreplaceable
companion? The precious sharer in his subtle and complicated devices,
who, hurrying--more on her own account, perhaps, that time than on
his--to a place of safety, to which he, nevertheless, had driven
her--had fallen? Yes, and with so horrible, so horrible a fall!

No... outwardly, that was it, outwardly at least he must not weep for
her.... Like this, in private like this; especially as these tears
were good for him, now. He had been left alone; and alone now, by his
own efforts, he must provide for himself, defend himself; and he did
not yet know, did not see how.

Not by crying like this, though, certainly!

And Capolino rose to his feet; wiped away, first of all with his
knuckles, then slowly, carefully, with his handkerchief, the tears
from his eyes, nose and cheeks; put on his tortoise-shell glasses, and
planted himself, grim, severe, frowning, before the wardrobe mirror.

Heavens, how his face had worn, aged, in a few days!

Grief? What grief? He could not admit that he had felt any grief...
unless at that moment, perhaps, a little. But perhaps, ah, perhaps in
his heart he had felt it, a very real grief, since at Rome, upon
hearing of the tragedy, he had been blinded by the rage which had
driven him to attack Dianella Salvo.

Ought he to repent of that outburst?

He had, by it, drawn upon himself for ever the hatred, the mortal
enmity of Salvo.

But even if he had managed to control himself in that first moment, to
deny himself the fierce satisfaction of that revenge, what would he
have gained? To him, left alone, without his wife by his side, would
Flaminio have gone on giving help and support, impelled by his remorse
at and secret complicity in her sacrifice? Possibly his daughter,
already an invalid, would have gone mad even without that outburst,
simply upon hearing of Costa's death. And then? Flaminio Salvo would
have considered that he had already paid an ample penalty in his
daughter's madness; and would have ceased to shew any consideration
for him; would indeed have dismissed him from the house, as the
embodiment of his remorse. So much was evident. Suppose, then, that
Dianella had not gone mad, that her mind had been gradually set at
rest, was Flaminio Salvo the man, once he had attained his object, to
remain grateful to the memory of the person who had enabled him to
attain it, at the cost of her own life; and, for her sake, to her
husband, left a widower? When already, immediately, to unburden
himself of all responsibility, he had proclaimed to the four winds of
heaven that Nicoletta Capolino and Aurelio Costa had run away together
and that Costa had resigned his post and had therefore gone down to
die on his own account, there at Aragona, with his mistress!

Yes: she had run away with Costa, had his wife; but who had driven her
to commit that act of madness? Who had sent Costa to Rome on the
subterfuge of a plan that had to be submitted to the Ministry? Who had
provoked her jealousy, or rather challenged her self-esteem, by
letting her see his daughter's marriage to Costa as an immediate
possibility? And he, Capolino, he, her husband, had been obliged to
lend himself to all these perfidious manoeuvres, which were to end in
so dire a tragedy; and then to be left like this, in the lurch, with
no further claim to assistance, now that the fruit of all this
treachery and crime had been gathered!

Ah no, perdio! He must not repent of that outburst. If he had lost
his wife, the other had lost his daughter! They were quits now, and
stood face to face. Salvo would at once withdraw all financial
support. It rested with himself, therefore, to make immediate
provision for even the harest necessities of life. And all his credit
elsewhere must decline with Salvo's friendship.

How was he to manage? What was he to do?

As these thoughts passed through his mind, his restless fingers were
playing with the Deputy's badge that hung from his watch chain. He
still retained the prestige that this badge conferred. For the
moment, Salvo could not wrest it from him. And with it in his
possession, in the eyes of one who counted, if not for more, certainly
not for less than Salvo in the district, he was still a Deputy. Don
Ippolito Laurentano would never allow the man who sat in the Chamber
as the paladin of his faith to be beset by paltry material

That was the thing to do: at once, before Flaminio Salvo could reach
Girgenti and go out to Colimbetra to poison the Prince's mind against
him, he would hasten there himself and tell the Prince openly of the
other's perfidy. After living for all these months with Donna
Adelaide, the Prince would no longer he inclined to side with his
brother-in-law; not to mention that Capolino would have in his favour
the emotion aroused by his tragedy. Against this, it was true, Salvo
might set that of his own daughter; but upon this very point he would
go and forewarn the Prince, proving to him. that not he, with his
natural and legitimate outburst, had been the cause of her madness;
but her father, her father himself, who had taken these violent
measures to prevent his daughter from marrying Costa, sacrificing the
latter and destroying him together with Capolino's wife. Now, to free
himself of all remorse, he was seeking to cast the blame upon him, and
to be rid of him, as he had already rid himself of Costa and the wife.

There was his plan! But neither on that day nor on the day that
followed had Capolino time to go to Colimbetra and put it into effect.
An unbroken stream of visitors kept him at home, to his own intense
satisfaction, albeit he knew and saw clearly that it was curiosity
rather than pity for himself that had moved all these people, who
undoubtedly, on the morrow, at a sign from Salvo, would be turning
their backs on him. In any event, when he did go to see the Prince, he
would be able to speak of this solemn expression of the sympathy and
condolence of the entire town; not only that, in many minds which,
stirred by the tragic event, were like a soil well ploughed and
prepared, he could in the meantime sow the seeds of hatred of Salvo,
without appearing to do so.

"Don't speak to me of it, please!" he protested, his face cnanging at
the slightest indication. "I should have to say things, things that...
no, I say nothing; please, don't make me speak...."

And if some one, hesitating, persisted:

"That poor girl..."

"The girl?" he exclaimed. "Ah, yes, poor thing, she is another poor
victim! Not more than the others, though, surely!... Please, don't
force me to speak...."

When, at an opportune moment, the room being packed with people, there
entered D'Ambrosio, the same who had been his second in the duel with
Veronica, and was distantly related to Nicoletta Spoto, a scene
occurred which, even if Capolino had deliberately arranged it, could
not have turned out more effective or favourable to his cause.

D'Ambrosio entered, stifled by emotion, and with his arms
outstretched. Standing in the middle of the room, they embraced one
another, clasped one another tightly for a moment, both sobbing
audibly. In a loud voice, with his habitual impetuosity, D'Ambrosio
began, freeing himself from the other's embrace:

"Everybody in the town is saying that Nicoletta, my cousin, was that
idiot Costa's mistress: is it true? You must know better than anyone:
is it true?"

Speechless with horror, the onlookers turned to watch Capolino.

He sank down, as though he had been stabbed, in the armchair, his arms
drooping limply upon his knees, and shook his head bitterly. Then with
a barely perceptible gesture of his hands, he spoke:

"There are many... too many things that I ought to say, but I
cannot.... Even your pity, you must understand... yes, yes... even
these tears, my friends... are burning me I Because from those two,
who deserve them by reason of their fate, but from you, my dear
people, from you; not from me... from those two also I have suffered
wrong; but most of all from him who led them on to their ruin; who
held them in the hollow of his hand, and..."

"Salvo!" D'Ambrosio ejaculated. "They have arrested Marco Preola at
Aragona; but he, Salvo, by the Madonna, is the man they should arrest!
It was he who starved the whole village! He is the real murderer! And
Grod has punished him rightly, with his daughter's madness! He will
have to spend the rest of his life now with two madwomen, in spite of
all his money!"

At this Capolino sprang to his feet, sublime.

"For pity's sake! No! No! I cannot allow such things to be said in my
presence! Do you mean to defend the murderers? For shame! We all know
that Salvo was acting within his rights in shutting down the sulphur
pits there! Everyone has to provide, as he thinks fit, and as he
chooses, for his own interests. Besides, has he not taken all sorts of
trouble here for the revival of the industry? No, no! Don't you see,
my friends? It is I who am speaking now, I, and I go so far as to say
to you that he, on his part, as a father, believed that he was acting
for his daughter's good! You people have no excuse for not admitting
it; I might refuse to admit it, I alone, because the methods he chose
to adopt have destroyed my home, shattered my existence! But he was
aiming, there, at the good of all those brutes, and here, at his
daughter's good!"

Ten, fifteen, a score of hands were held out to Capolino, in an
outburst of admiration for such magnanimous generosity; and Capolino
felt a cubit added to his stature.

"I may perhaps feel myself obliged," he went on, with melancholy
gravity, "to hand back to you the mandate with which you have chosen
to honour me."

"No! No! What has that got to do with it? Why?" some of his hearers

Capolino, with a wistful smile, raised his hands to check this
affectionate protest.

"My position," he said. "Just consider. Could I have any further
relations, I do not say family ties or ties of friendship, but simply
any common interest with Flaminio Salvo? Of course not. Well, then? I
must provide for myself, gentlemen, whereas the mandate which I hold
from you requires complete independence, the independence I derived
from my post in Salvo's bank. Now ... now I shall have to begin to
think seriously of my future. It is not a matter to be decided like
this, on the spur of the moment...."

"Yes! Yes!" his comforters replied in chorus. "These are personal
matters! Political representation ..."

"Ah, ah..."

"Why! That's got nothing to do with it...."

"Another matter altogether...."

"Besides, for the present..."

"For the present," he said, "it is enough for me, my dear friends, to
have explained this to you: that I am ready for anything, and that I
look upon things in general and upon my own tragedy with an equal and,
so far as is possible, a serene mind. And now, I thank you all, my

Later in the day, having gone to the Bishop's Palace to pay Monsignore
a visit, he received from him information of such a kind with regard
to Don Ippolito Laurentano and Donna Adelaide, that he decided to
abandon there and then the plan he had originally prepared, feeling
that it would be advisable, rather, to wait for Flaminio Salvo's
return from Rome, before going to Colimbetra to try another plan,
which had flashed across his mind, a plan of supreme audacity.


Flaminio Salvo did not wish to leave Dianella in Rome in some nursing
home, as the doctors and his sister and brother-in-law advised; he
said that, if anything, he might install her in some such place at
Palermo, to have her nearer to himself and to be able to visit her
more frequently; but his own house might now--he added--be converted
into one of these private asylums, under the control of one or more
doctors with the assistance of trained nurses: he was the only member
of the household who still retained his reason; but he hoped that very
soon, with the example of his wife and daughter and a little effort on
his own part, he might manage to lose that also.

When he was upon the point of starting, however, he found himself
obliged to appeal to Lando Laurentano, to let him have as a travelling
companion Mauro Mortara, from whom Dianella refused to be separated,
and who was perhaps the one person capable of inducing her to emerge
from a dark closet, the sanctuary to which she had fled, and to start
for home.

Lando Laurentano was making hasty preparations for his own departure,
having been summoned to Palermo by his comrades of the Central
Committee of the Party; he therefore replied to Salvo that they might
all four travel together, and that he would come in the morning with
Mauro and call for him at Velia's.

Flaminio Salvo detected in the face, voice and gestures of the young
Prince a strange feverish agitation, and was more than once on the
point of asking him the reason; but refrained.

Lando Laurentano was in this state for a reason that would never have
dawned upon Salvo's mind at that moment: namely, the tremendous
impression created in Rome by the suicide of Corrado Selmi.

The news had been made public that same evening, as he was on his way
home from Velia's with Mauro. The cry of a newsvendor had informed him
of what had happened. He had stopped his cab and bought a copy of the
paper. But, instead of rejoicing him, the first effect of the sudden
announcement had been to stun him. He had told the driver to stop
beside a street lamp, so that he might read the paper, notwithstanding
Mauro's impatience; had skipped the long obituary notice prefixed to
the report of the suicide, and had let his eye run down the column.
>From the statement supplied by Selmi's servant he had learned, first
of all of the armed assault by Roberto Auriti's nephew, after Selmi
had already swallowed the poison; then--ah then!--of a visit, which
the reporter termed "intensely dramatic," as Selmi was drawing his
last breath, from "a veiled lady" whose name, for obvious reasons, was
suppressed, "who had come," the report went on, "unaware of the
suicide, perhaps to offer help and comfort to her friend, after the
challenge launched by him, earlier in the day, at the assembled

Lando Laurentano had felt not the least doubt that this veiled lady
was Donna Giannetta D'Atri, his cousin; and had torn up the paper, in
rage and disgust, shouting to the driver to take him home at once.
There he had found, in an agony of distress, Celsina Pigna and Olindo
Passalacqua, desperately searching for Antonio Del Be, who had been
missing since midday. So inopportune at that moment had Lando felt the
ridiculous appearance of the man, the girl's ravings, all this anxious
appeal to himself to look for a young man whom he had never seen and
who was so far from his thoughts, that he had given way (which was
quite unlike him) to a violent outburst of rage. He had summoned
Raffaele, his butler, to tell him to place himself at the disposal of
the two visitors, and had remained alone with Mauro. The latter,
interpreting this outburst as a sign of his contemptuous indifference
to his cousin's arrest, had been unable to contain himself any longer;
had stood before him, ablaze and trembling with fury, and shouted:

"I wish to go away, at once! This very moment! I never wish to look
you in the face again!"

"Mauro! Mauro! Mauro!" Lando had exclaimed, waving his clasped hands
in the air.

Mauro had thereupon plunged his hand in his pocket, and brought out
his medals:

"Do you see? From my breast I tore them, before the inspector, when I
saw your cousin arrested! What sort of blood have you in your veins?
Is this the youth of to-day? This?"

"The youth..." Lando had begun to answer with vehemence; but had at
once stopped short, pressing his clenched fists to his lips, and
sinking down on a chair, his elbows resting upon his knees and his
head in his hands.

The youth? What youth? How? When the niggardly, timid, bullying
jealousy of the old men was crushing it like this, under the monstrous
weight of the meanest prudence and of such endless hardship,
humiliation, shame? What youth? When it was held responsible for the
passionate expiation, in silence, of all the mistakes that had been
made, all the disgraceful transactions,--the mortifying of all pride
and the spectacle of all this filth? Look, how the work of the old
men, here and now, in the very centre of Italy, in Rome, was falling
like sewage into a drain; while up in the North it was being entangled
in a shameless coalition of sordid interests; and down in Lower Italy,
in the Islands, had deliberately dwindled into vain babblings, so that
the inertia of ignorance, the strain of poverty might continue there,
and the pack of Deputies come up to Parliament to form the nameless,
supine majority! There, there alone, perhaps, at the present time, the
new youth, the youth that had been stifled, poisoned, sacrificed,
might deal a blow to that vile, insolent oppression by the old men,
and find at last an outlet and assert itself victorious!

Lando had sprung to his feet to proclaim this hope aloud to Mauro
Mortara; but had stopped in compassion, seeing the old man weeping
with those pathetic medals in his hand.

By morning, Antonio Del Re had been found. Olindo Passalacqua came to
show Lando a couple of telegrams and a money order, dispatched at
urgent rates from Girgenti to procure the young man's immediate
return; but went on to say that Del Re obstinately refused to go back
to Sicily. Lando had thereupon begged Mauro to go and find the young
man and invite him to travel with them next day; and this Mauro had
readily agreed to do.

But how was he to propose next to Mauro that they should travel with
Flaminio Salvo?

On the following morning Ciccino Velia arrived betimes at the villino
on the Via Somma-campagna to discuss the best way of getting Dia-nella
Salvo out of her hiding place and inducing her to start. It would be
fatal if she caught sight of her father! She must not set eyes on him
throughout the journey. Uncle Flaminio and Lando would have to travel
in a separate compartment of the carriage, without letting themselves
be seen. There was also the young man, Del Re? Very well: all three of
them must remain apart, in concealment. Mauro and Dianella would be by
themselves, in the next compartment: a whole carriage would be
reserved for the party.

It was less difficult, upon these conditions, to persuade Mauro to
render this service to Salvo. When he understood that neither that
morning, at Velia's, nor afterwards, during the whole of the journey,
would he see him, and that it was a question of performing not so much
a service to him as a work of charity to that poor demented girl, he
frowningly consented, and went on ahead with Raffaele to Velia's

There was no necessity there for either entreaty or exhortation: as
soon as Dianella saw Mauro again, she sprang from her hiding place,
and clung to him, imploring him to let her escape with him. He was
obliged, on the contrary, to make an effort to detain her, until they
had made her as tidy as possible, brushed her dishevelled hair, pat a
hat on her head, so that at least she might not attract undue
attention driving through the streets with this old man who was
himself so strangely attired.

When the pair of them, hand in hand, he with his air of a strayed
savage and that knapsack upon his back, she with her eyes and lips
agitated by a mournful, meaningless mirth, with her hair loosely
bundled beneath the hat that sat askew on her head, passed through the
drawing-room on their way out, those who beheld them saw clearly that,
the two of them having come to Rome, at that time, one with her love,
the other with his country in his heart, they could not go away again,
save like this.

What was their conversation, during the journey?

Through the communicating door of their compartment, Salvo and
Laurentano, listening by turns, heard them conversing together, at
length, and imagined at first that the old man and the girl understood
one another. Yes, indeed, they understood one another perfectly,
because both of them, each on his own account, spoke only in the terms
of his own mania. And the two manias sat there side by side and hand
in hand.

"A woman... shocking! I mustn't say Aurelio. ... Signor Aurelio....
Signor Aurelio! But how can he possibly have forgotten?... Such a
great big cut on your finger.... Come, come away, here, in the dark...
in the passage. ... Let me suck the blood from your finger.... A
woman? Shocking.... Signor Aurelio...."

"These are the young men... these! The new generation.... To behold
this, oh murderers, we fought so many battles... sacrificed our
lives... to behold this, Donna Dianella! And what am I going to hang
up, now, beneath the General's letter in the earner one? What am I
ever to hang up there again, after all that I have seen?"

"Ah, but who knows what the year will hring? The mulberry tree, in
March, gathers fresh wood. ... And then, when it is in love, and
ready to shoot, it is soft, as soft as dough, and you can bend it as
you please.... Who knows what the year will bring?"

"The good is doubtful, but the evil is sure, my child! The good is
doubtful, but the evil is sure!"

So they conversed between themselves, in the other compartment.

Neither Lando nor Flaminio Salvo paid any attention, meanwhile, to
another person, in their own compartment, who said nothing, and yet,
no less than the two next door, was out of his mind.

Antonio Del Re could see nothing, feel nothing, think of nothing any
more. The desperate fury with which he had flung himself upon Selmi
had riven his spirit like a flash of lightning. Upon leaving Selmi's
house, he had remained void, suspended in a stupefying, terrifying
blackness; and remembered nothing more, where he had gone, what he had
done, how and where he had passed the night, if indeed the night, a
night, had passed. He did not reply to any question; perhaps he did
not hear. See, he could and did; at least he sat staring in front of
him; but a reason he no longer saw, the reason of the appearance of
things and of the actions of men....

He had objected, not indeed to returning to Sicily, but to moving of
his own accord from the spot to which his feet had led him and where
he had dropped in exhaustion. He had moved, when Mauro seized him
round the chest; but without hearing a word of what Mauro was telling
him about his grandmother and mother. Passalacqua and Celsina had gone
with him, in the morning, to Lando's villino; before he left, he had
seen Celsina smile at Ciccino Velia, take his arm, get into a cab with
him and Passalacqua: all this he had seen, and more still, in
imagination; and nothing, nothing at all had stirred within him.

When, after crossing the Straits of Messina, Lando Laurentano left the
train, to take another train for Palermo, Flaminio Salvo felt a
certain dismay at the thought of being left alone in the compartment,
for a whole day, until the train reached Girgenti, with this young man
whom he did not know, who two days earlier had drawn a dagger to kill
Selmi, and who was now fastening his eyes upon him with so fixed a
stare, grim and at the same time meaningless.

Yes, he had three lunatics for his travelling companions; and perhaps
no less mad than these three was the fourth who had just left the
train with the intention of turning the whole Island upside down! Was
he alone, therefore, by a terrible judgment, to preserve intact the
privilege of not having in the slightest degree veiled, or clouded,
whether by remorse, or by pity, or by any further affection, or by any
further hope, or by any further desire, that lucid cruel limpidity of
mind? He alone.

And, as though to savour the mockery of his fate, he stole once again
to the communicating door between the compartments, and pressed his
ear to the ventilator, to listen to the meaningless babble of the old
man and the girl.


As soon as Mauro Mortara, upon their arrival at Girgenti, was able to
tear himself from the arms of Dianella Salvo, he dashed off to the
house of Donna Caterina Laurentano. There he found Antonio Del Re
still in the arms of his mother who, hugging and shaking him, was
endeavouring frantically, but in vain, to melt him.

When Anna saw Mauro enter the room, she left her son and ran to meet

"What is wrong with him? Tell me, you, what is wrong with him?"

But Mortara shook off her aims and drowned her cry with:

"Your mother? Where is your mother?"

Giulio appeared, grown ten years older in a few days. In his eyes, in
his outstretched arms lurked the hope of receiving from Mauro some
definite information as to Roberto's arrest, Selmi's suicide, whether
Selmi had indeed left any statement exonerating his brother, as the
newspapers alleged. From his nephew he had been able to find out
nothing, even though, when he was in his mother's arms, he had shaken
him furiously to make him speak.

But Mortara shook him off too, repeating, with stubborn rudeness:

"Your mother? I know nothing! I know they arrested him before my eyes!
I won't see anyone! I only want to see her!"

Giulio stood perplexed, wondering whether to admit him to his mother's
bedroom, suddenly like this.

>From the day on which he, driven by the urgency of the situation,
overcoming all his reluctance, at first with circumspection, then
resolutely, in so many words, had told her that she must appeal to her
brother Ippolito to save her son, she had sunk into a sort of apathy,
as though life and the things around her had suddenly been deprived of
all meaning. Not a gesture, not a word. Nothing. And in this
immobility and this silence there had been from the very beginning
something so absolute and invincible, that it had been impossible for
the others to make any gesture, to utter any word, to rouse or
stimulate her.

Giulio had known that he would kill his mother, if he spoke. And so
indeed it was; at once, with the almost mechanical precision of a
decree of fate, he had spoken, and he had killed her. She could not
have gone to her brother, to save her son: it would have been her
death. And behold, she was dead.

Both he and Anna had hoped, at first, that she merely did not wish
either to move or to speak; not that she was actually unable. But very
soon they had discovered that she was unable. However, a faint
contraction that lingered on her forehead, between the eyebrows, said
plainly that, even if she had been able, she would not have wished it.

They had lifted her bodily from her chair and laid her on her bed. Her
immobility, her silence were corpselike; only, as yet, she was not
cold. And to prevent that coldness also from coming upon her, they
had hastened to cover her well with bedclothes, with loving hands,
weeping as they did so.

The last act of cruelty had thus to be wrought upon her, and, to make
it more unjust, by the hands of her own children. Now, by their
watching and weeping, her children were proving to her, or rather were
proving to themselves, that it had not been they who wrought it. If
she, by all that she had done, could not pay the penalty for her son,
she must pay it in this coin, now. Giulio knew this; and, knowing it,
had been unable to prevent it. He was obliged to speak, to drive her
to her death, to deal the finishing blow. He had then gathered her in
his arms, and was now heaping the blankets upon her, and folding the
black woollen shawl about her shoulders, to shelter her from the final
chill, and going about the room on tiptoe, so that no sound more
should disturb her silence. Even the buzz of a fly would be too much,
now, coming on the top of what he had done, because he must.

The thought that possibly even his own life was too much, his own
breath, after what he had done, had even entered his mind.

Apart from this mother, away from Sicily, he had led his life from his
boyhood. He had lived without memories or affections or aspirations,
as it were from day to day: cold, detached, ironical, contemptuous.

Suddenly, when he least expected it, the destiny of his family had put
out a tendril to involve, to envelop him, and had drawn him back to
itself and planted him there, grafting him, re-attaching him to the
root from which he had been torn; making him feel all that he had
always refused to feel, remember all that he had always refused to

The end of this mother, who had always felt everything, had always
remembered everything, stricken down now by the blow which he had come
home to plunge into her vitals, must it not now be his end also?

The trunk once felled, the branches must fall also.

In the melancholy gloom of the house, he had been horrified by the
apparition of himself to himself imbued with all the sentiments and
memories of this mother. But there had appeared to him also Anna, his
sister: the branch that had never been severed from the trunk; that
miserably, once only, for a short time, had blossomed, to yield the
sour and poisoned fruit of that son whose husk not even a mother's
love could succeed in penetrating. And brother and sister had clung
to one another then, fused together in an embrace of infinite
tenderness, of infinite anguish, in the shadows of the dark house,
tasting the sweetness of the tears that were uniting them for the
first time and yet were breaking their hearts.

He would have to live for this sister and for the boy.

The news of Roberto's arrest, now inevitable, expected at every
moment, had finally arrived, together with the news of Corrado Selmi's
suicide, but in vague terms, restricted to a few lines in the Sicilian
papers, as a matter to which their readers would attach no importance,
taken up as they all were, at the moment, by a morbid curiosity to
learn even the minutest details of the massacre at Aragona.

Anna's trepidation for her son, alone in Rome, the thought of the help
that might be given to Roberto, had prompted Giulio at first to return
at once to the Capital. But how was he to leave his mother in her
condition, alone there with Anna, who kept roaming about the house,
calling her son, as though she were out of her mind? And what help
could he give Roberto? The only help possible would have been the
money, the repayment to the Bank of those forty thousand lire, so that
everyone might suppose that the money had been taken by him, for his
own requirements. Selmi's suicide, now, might perhaps unlock the
prison door for Roberto, but he would remain indelibly branded, after
the accusation and the arrest, with the mark of a crooked complicity.
How many people would believe, to-morrow, that he had come forward
disinterestedly to take on the debt, in his own name, on behalf of
another man? Selmi's statement, if, as the newspapers asserted, it
really existed, would not be sufficient to efface that mark.

Next door, in his mother's bedroom, was Canon Pompeo Agro, who for
days past, and for hours on end daily, had never stirred from his
armchair at the foot of the bed, his eyes fixed upon the spent face of
the sufferer, perhaps in the hope of discovering on it some indication
that she--having nothing more to say to men--desired by his means to
communicate with God. More than once, in a deep voice, he had called
her by name, repeatedly, but had elicited no answer.

Giulio told Mauro to wait a moment: he wished to consult Agro, to
obtain a casting vote between his hope and his fear, whether the sight
of Mortara, or the sound of his voice, by rousing his mother from that
death-like torpor, would do her good or harm.

"I think," was Agro's reply, "that there is nothing left now either to
hope or to fear. She will notice nothing. Try. It is all the same; if
she keeps on like this, death is inevitable."

Mauro came stumbling like a blind man into the almost dark room,
crying aloud, in a voice hoarse with emotion:

"Donna Caterina.... Donna Caterina...."

He stopped short, at the foot of the bed, at the sight of that face
turned to the ceiling, on the heaped-up pillows, cadaverous, with eyes
that the imagination could picture as clouded and thick with
despairing anguish beneath the perpetual seal of their heavy, darkened
lids, with an obstinate, absolute determination to die in the
protruding cheekbones, the hollowed temples, the stiffened nostrils of
the sharply pointed nose, the thin, livid lips, not only tight set,
but in places even gummed together by dried saliva.

"Oh, child... child...." he exclaimed. "Donna Caterina... it is I...
Mauro... your father's watchdog.... Look at me... open your eyes....
I wish you to look at me. ... Open your eyes, Donna Caterina; look at
me and behold your own punishment.... Listen to me: I have something
to tell you.... I have come back from Rome...."

Striking against the rigid, funereal impassibility of the dying woman,
Mauro Mortara's emotion was abruptly shattered into a series of
strident sobs, that were very like a peal of laughter.

Agro and Giulio, with tears in their eyes also, took hold of him and,
supporting him by the arms, led him from the room.

The dying woman, left alone, in the dim light, motionless upon her
mountain of pillows, heard his voice after an interval, as though it
had had to make a long journey to overtake her in the profound,
mysterious remoteness to which her spirit had already flown. And from
those far tracts, in answer to that voice, came slowly to her closed
eyelids a tear, her last tear, which no one saw. It welled from one of
her eyes; ran down her cheek, fell and was lost among the wrinkles of
her throat.

When Pompeo Agro resumed his seat in the armchair at the foot of the
bed, neither in her eye nor upon her cheek was there any trace of it.

Donna Caterina was dead.



FOR Donna Adelaide and Don Ippolito Laurentano, there had begun, from
the first evening when they were left by themselves in the villa of
Colimbetra, a period of torture, which as they could both see would be
most difficult to endure, however readily both he and she might apply
themselves to the task.

As soon as the wedding guests had departed, Don Ippolito, with great
courtesy, taking her hand in his, but without looking at it, so that
he might not see how different it was from the hand he had once been
used to hold between his own (a long, pale hand, that other, soft and
tender and light!), tried to make her understand the benefit that he
promised himself from her society in the loneliness of his exile, his
reasons for which must, he supposed, be known to her, in part at any

The speech that he made her upon the terrace, overlooking the silent
countryside, already invaded by the darkness of night, had in truth
been a little too long and a trifle tedious as well.

Poor Donna Adelaide, crushed by the violent shock of so many novel
sensations, in the course of that day, and now by all the darkness and
silence that brooded round her and rendered more suffocating than ever
the suspense of what mysteriously lay in store still for her "terrible
maiden-ladyship," after a certain point had been incapable, however
earnestly she tried, of listening to another word of the quiet,
interminable speech. She had received the impression that it, most
inopportunely for her, was intended to drag her by force to the summit
of a high and cloud-girt mountain, from which it would be difficult
for her, if not actually impossible, to come down again in a fit state
to endure further surprises, fresh emotions, which this night must
certainly be holding in store for her.

Not from ill-will, but from want of air, that air which at a certain
stage she felt to be lacking, she had never been able to listen to
long speeches. Oh, good Lord, why did people keep on circling round a
subject when in the end they must always come down to doing the same
things, those which nature ordains? What a beastly habit, good Lord!
And productive of no effect but exhaustion and irritation. Yes,
irritation as well. Because the things that had to be done were
simple, and could all be numbered upon the fingers of one hand; so
that, in the end, everybody must admit that all this beating about the
bush was not only useless but actually foolish and harmful, inasmuch
as, afterwards, what with people's exhaustion, and their irritation at
this admission, they were done late and done amiss.

She had begun by gazing, with imploring, startled eyes, at the Prince,
or rather at his long, interminable beard. Then, in her stunned
condition, she had felt an overpowering impulse to withdraw her hand
and to breathe, to draw breath at least, since she could not groan,
could not cry aloud to give some relief to her suffocation and rage.
Finally, she had succeeded in conquering her stupor: her ears had come
to life again for an instant, but only to escape far away, to seize
hold of a thread of sound, in the obscurity of the night, that offered
her some relief, a slight distraction.

There rose from the shore, far below, invisible, a dull continuous
murmur. And all of a sudden, just at the point when the Prince's
speech had become most pathetic, Donna Adelaide had come out with the

"What is it, the sea? Do you hear it like that, every night?"

Don Ippolito, puzzled at first ("The sea? What sea?") had felt his
spirit quail:

"Oh, yes... it is the sea, the sea...."

And releasing her hand he had moved away from her.

Donna Adelaide, embarrassed, not knowing how to soothe the Prince's
evident mortification at this inopportune question, could think of no
other way than to persist:

"Does it roar like that every night?"

She had had to wait some time for an answer; when it came, it arrived
from a distance, gravely:

"Not every night; when scirocco blows...."

That far-away voice of the sea was at once precious to him and sad.
How often, in the profound peace of the night, had it brought him
anguish and companionship. Leaning back in his long chair, he had let
himself be lulled by that sombre incessant roar of the waters, which
spoke to him of distant lands, of a different, a tumultuous life,
which he would never know. He had felt himself plunged back of a
sudden by that call into the deep recesses of his former solitude.

How could he go on with his speech, after this? And how, on the other
hand, could he remain as he was, in silence, leave by herself, apart,
there, on the terrace, this woman, who now belonged to him for all
time and had entrusted herself to his chivalry, in this solitude which
was novel to her and could not, certainly, be pleasing? He must make
an effort, overcome his repugnance, and return to the charge. But,
certain now that he could never enter into any intimacy with her, save
that of the body, Don Ippolito had asked himself bitterly, what other
effect this intimacy could have than an irreparable destruction of her
respect for him.

And indeed, that night....

Ah, poor Donna Adelaide could never have imagined the possibility of
such a spectacle, at once so pitiable and so alarming! The thought of
it still made her cross herself with both hands. Ah, Bella Madre
Santissima! A man with all that beard... a serious-minded man.... Dio!
Dio! She had seen him, at a certain stage, dash from the room, like
something less than human. Perhaps he had sought a nocturnal lair, in
his. Museum rooms, on the ground floor. And she had spent the rest of
the night, sitting up, half-dressed, by a window, listening to the
sobs of a lovelorn owl, perhaps in the wood called Civita, perhaps in
the other wood, beyond, the Torre-che-parla.

Fortunately, when morning came, the sight of the surrounding country,
and of the exquisite appointments of the villa had to some extent
consoled her and restored her to her normal spirits, in which she
would willingly, were it not for the fear of making matters worse,
have gone to the Prince and told him, in so many words, without
stopping to weigh them, that he was not to worry or distress himself
about anything, seeing that she ... she was satisfied, perfectly
satisfied with things as they were....

His scowling face had genuinely distressed her! Poor man, he had not
managed even to raise his eyes to look her in the face when, over the
breakfast table, he began to address her again. Yes, yes, of course:
theirs was an unusual situation; to find themselves placed like this,
to be husband and wife, almost without knowing one another. In the
course of time, to be sure, a mutual confidence would spring up
between them, and... but yes, why, of course!

She had noticed however that, as he made this speech, the Prince's
excitement had increased, had indeed become more and more exacerbated;
and with real terror she had seen the night draw round again.

For several days in succession this terror had been renewed; at length
she had secured the concession of being left in peace, to sleep alone,
in a separate room.

All very well; but, the day after, there came down to Colimbetra
Monsignor Montoro, to preach her a little homily in private. Whereupon
she had broken out again: Oh Bella Madre Santissima! What was
that?... No.... How on earth?... What?... What ought she to do? ...
Gesu! Gesu!... At her time of life, airs and graces? Oh, not that! No
no! No no! Not that! It was not in her nature. And besides, why should
she? Could they not remain as they were? For her part, she could ask
for nothing better.

The face Monsignore had made!

And poor Donna Adelaide, from that moment onwards, had not known in
what world she was living, or, as she herself put it, had begun to
feel herself "captured by the Turks."... But how? Was the fault on her

The Prince, closeted all day long in his Museum, never shewed his
face, except at dinner and supper, rigid, frowning, taciturn. Air!
Air! Air! Yes, there was plenty, there; but it was not air that Donna
Adelaide could breathe. And the absurd thing was this: the
suffocation, that she herself felt, must, it seemed to her, be
affecting everything, the trees especially!

On the first of the three flowering terraces in front of the villa,
there had stood for more than a century a saracen olive, the sturdy
trunk of which, all gnarled and knotted by its struggles against the
winds or an unfriendly soil, growing aslant, at barely a handsbreadth
from the ground, seemed to be supporting with infinite pain the many
branches that rose, tall and luxuriant, along it. Nobody could get the
idea out of Donna Adelaide's head that this tree, bowed so low and
burdened with all those branches, was suffering.

"Oh Dio, can't you see? It is suffering! I tell you, that tree is

And she had made them cut it down. When it had gone, looking at the
spot where it had stood:

"Ah!" she had breathed again. "Poor thing, now it is all right! I have
set it free."

Nor had she stopped there. Further proofs of her kindness of heart she
had given, on moonless evenings, at supper, to the various winged
insects, which the light of the hanging lamp attracted into the

A certain Pertichino, a boy of about thirteen, the son of the serjeant
of the guard, was instructed to stand behind Donna Adelaide's chair
and at once drive away these insects, as soon as they came into the
room. Unfortunately, Pertichino was often lost in contemplation of the
huge white cotton gloves, in which they had imprisoned his hands; and
Donna Adelaide had invariably to tear him from this contemplation by
her screams and starts at the jump of a grasshopper or the buzz of a
flying beetle.

"It's only a moth.... Don't be alarmed! Here it is, a moth, look...."

"Poor creature, don't let it suffer: nip off its head, quickly; if
not, it will come in again.... Done it?"

"Done, Excellency. Here it is...."

"No, no, what are you doing? Don't shew it to me: I can't bear to look
at it! A moth, was it? Really a moth? Poor little creature.... But
who told it to come into the room? With all that lovely country
outside.... Ah, if I had wings, if I had wings!"

As much as to say that, without thinking twice about it, she would
have flown away.

Don Ippolito, shocked and disgusted as he was, had allowed her to
continue. But at length an evening came when he could contain himself
no longer.

They were both sitting, some way apart, upon the terrace. He was
waiting until, from the dense foliage of the olives that covered the
face of the hill behind the villa, the full moon should rise, to renew
in him a cherished, immemorial impression. It seemed to him, every
time, that the full moon, peering from the boughs of those olives at
the spectacle of the vast expanse of country beneath and of the
distant sea, still, after all these centuries, halted, filled with awe
and wonder, finding herself gazing down upon silent and deserted
plains, where at one time rose one of the most splendid and luxurious
cities in the world. The moon was just about to rise, was already
visible through the tangle of silvery olive-boughs, and Don Ippolito
was attuning his awed and eager melancholy to receive the familiar
impression, in common with the whole countryside, from which rose a
subdued, mysterious chime of grasshoppers, with from time to time the
cry of a screech-owl, when, all of a sudden, from the barrack-room on
the crest of the Sperone, there rang out, breaking, shattering the
spell, the harsh and tuneless sound of Captain Sciaralla's reed pipe.
Donna Adelaide clapped her hands, in jubilation.

"Oh, pretty! How nice of the Captain to give us a serenade!"

Don Ippolito sprang to his feet, quivering with anger and disgust, and
stopped his ears, shouting in exasperation:

"Damn them! Damn them! Damn them!"

And, gripping Pertichino by the shoulders and shaking him furiously,
he told him to run out and shout to the rascals from the edge of the
ravine opposite, to stop their noise at once.

"And then, get out of here! Get out of my way! I never want to set
eyes on you again! If people are annoyed by the flies, they can catch
them for themselves! Without all this racket! I am tired, I am sick of
all this vulgarity; I can't breathe for it! I've had enough, enough,

And he fled from the terrace, his eyes tight shut, his hands pressed
to his temples.


It was fortunate that, a few days later, Don Salesio Marullo had
appeared at the villa, with a meagre, wasted expression, timid and
troubled, to crave succour and hospitality. He had appointed himself,
from the day of his arrival, gentleman in waiting to Donna Adelaide,
who was convinced that God had sent him to her.

"Don Salesio, for goodness' sake, eat something! For goodness' sake,
Don Salesio, you must keep up your appetite! Quick, Pertichino,
another couple of eggs to Don Salesio!"

She had set to work to fatten him up like a turkey before Christmas.
The poor old gentleman, wasted to a skeleton, had been powerless to
resist; he had gobbled, gobbled, gobbled everything that was set
before him, not to say shoved into his mouth, in handfuls; then... ah,
then he had paid the penalty in tremendous colics and internal
disturbances of all kinds, whereby, right in the middle of some
entertainment which he had arranged with Captain Sciaralla as a
distraction for the Princess, his face would turn all the colours of
the rainbow and finally he would have to escape from the room, with
what injury to his dignity need not be said, battered as that was

But Donna Adelaide rejoiced in his discomfiture. Powerless to assail
the dignity of the Prince her husband, in revenge she had set herself
to make havoc of every male dignity that came her way: including that
of Sciaralla, the Captain. She had found by chance among the papers
in the desk, in the secretary, Lisi Preola's room, some old verses in
manuscript at the Captain's expense, in which occurred the lines:

 Dimmi, corri, Sciarallino,
 all'assalto d'un molino?
 od a caccia di lumache
 vai cosi di buon mattino,
 con cedeste rosse brache
 e il giubbon chiaro turchino,
 Sciarallino, Sciarallino?

And one day, when it had been raining in torrents, as soon as the rain
ceased, she had gone down to the level ground below the guard-room,
where "the troops" were engaged in drilling, and, calling Captain
Sciaralla mysteriously aside, had ordered him to send out his men with
trowels in one hand and baskets in the other to collect the
_babbaluceddi_, in other words the snails, which after such a downpour
must be literally oozing from the soil.

The poor Captain had remained speechless at this order.

How was he to convey it, in a military word of command, to his men?
For Donna Adelaide, to put him to the test, had insisted that this
snail hunt should have all the appearance of a military expedition.

"But what am I to do, Your Excellency?"


"If we lose our prestige, Your Excellency...."

"What prestige?"

"Why... you must understand, I have to command... and at a time like

"I want the _babbaluceddi_."

"Yes, Your Excellency... in a minute, when I break off the parade...."

"When you break off... what did you say?"

"The parade, Your Excellency."

"No no! Then the whole point would be gone! I want military

And there had been no way of making her go back upon this capricious
tyranny. With what effect upon discipline, Sciaralla confided bitterly
next day to Don Salesio Marnilo, who had for some time past been
allowed to share his consternation at the news that kept coming in
from all parts of Sicily, of the great ferment of the Fasci, against
which it appeared as though neither the police nor the military, the
"real" military, could make any headway.

"If only they realized that we are against the Government here too....
But now, my dear Si-don Salesio: because they are in league, not so
much against the Government, as against private property, don't you

"I see, I see...."

"They want the land! And what if, driven out of the towns, they
descend upon the country? We are a mere handful.... And we are all the
more conspicuous, because we appear armed for battle, don't you see?"

"I see, I see."

"And being here, armed to the teeth like this, we as good as admit the
danger; we challenge an attack; we are like a small country upon which
they can quite well make a separate war, do you follow me? And, if we
were attacked to-morrow, do you know how the Prefect would regard it?
As a just retribution. He will look after the others, and will say of
us: 'Ah, H.E. the Prince of Laurentano likes to play the King, does
he, with his garrison? Very good, now he can defend himself!' But with
what are we to defend ourselves?

Can you tell me that.... What is all this stuff?"

"Gently.... Why, with your arms...."

"Arms? Don't make me laugh! You call these arms? But when a person
chooses to keep people round him like this... and dressed up, I mean
to say, just look at me... it requires courage, he-lieve me, at a time
like this to put on a coat that simply shouts aloud... and I feel
myself turn pale when I look down at these red breeches... I tell
you, Si-don Salesio, it's no joke! I mean to say, when a person makes
it a point of honour not to give way to anybody..."

"Perhaps," Don Salesio suggested hesitatingly, "it would be prudent to

"More men? And whom, pray? That would be my plan! But whom? The
peasants? And if they are in the league too? The enemy inside our

"True... true..."

"Of course it is! Do you know what is the only thing to be done?"

He did not express it in words: he took the lapel of his coat between
his fingers; gave it a cautious twitch, made two other gestures which
signified folding it up and putting it away; and followed them up at
once with the query:

"What? No? You say no?"

Don Salesio shrugged his shoulders: "I say that the Prince...

"Of course, because he doesn't have to wear it himself! Si-don
Salesio, the clouds are gathering, thicker and thicker, on all sides;
and we shall be the first to attract the lightning, with all this iron
in our hands; you shall see whether I'm wrong!"

The lightning did indeed strike, and with terrific force, a few days
later, with the news of the massacre at Aragona. The bolt seemed to
fall actually upon Colimbetra, since there, as it happened, beneath
the same roof, were the father of the principal author of the crime,
namely the secretary Lisi Preola, and the stepfather of the victim,
poor Don Salesio. And the dismay and horror increased still further,
when from Rome, like an echo of the crash overhead, came the later
news that Dianella had gone mad.

Donna Adelaide, now directly affected by the tragedy, abandoned her
attempt to kill Don Salesio with her eager, clamorous kindness, and
began to cry aloud on her own account that, with Dianella driven mad
by the murder, it was no longer possible for the murderer's father to
remain in the house, there, at Colimbetra! And the Prince, to silence
her, unfair as he thought it to punish further the poor old man,
already stricken to the ground by his son's infamous deed, found
himself compelled to send him away from the villa, with a pension.
Before leaving, Preola, dragging himself painfully into the room, with
the veins standing out upon his great skull-like head, which drooped
over his chest, insisted upon kissing the Signora Principessa's hand
also, and told her that he gladly offered to his employers, for his
son's offences, the penance of leaving the house after thirty-three
years of service, performed with so much love and devotion. Donna
Adelaide, moved and repentant, flew into hysterics and called heaven
to witness that the Prince was responsible for her remorse at the
unjust punishment of this poor old man; yes, the Prince, yes, because
of the continual state of excitement in which he kept her, so that she
never knew what she really wanted and, simply to find some vent for
her feelings, said and did things that were contrary to her nature.

Her ravings became more frenzied than ever, when she learned that her
brother Flaminio and Dianella had returned from Rome. When Monsignor
Montoro came down to Colimbetra to offer his condolences after the
death of Donna Caterina, she asked him, her eyes red and swollen with!
weeping, whether it seemed to him human to forbid her to go to visit
and help her niece, to whom she had been a second mother!

Don Ippolito, at that moment, was not in the villa. He had gone to the
cemetery of Bonamorone, within a short distance of Colimbetra, to pray
by his sister's grave. When he entered the drawing-room, frowning
darkly, he pretended not to see his wife's tears, and to the Bishop
who came to meet him, with a mournful expression and outstretched
hands, said:

"She died broken-hearted, Monsignore. Broken-hearted. Her son in
prison, disgracefully compromised, with a lot more of these
_patriots_, in the bank frauds. And that fellow Selmi, who came here
as a second in the duel with Capolino, have you heard, he has killed
himself. They are all paying now for their fine doings! There is a
blight on them, Monsignore! May God have pity on the dead. I feel such
a burning rage in my heart, that I find it impossible to pray. A
smarting, a trembling in my knees made me rise from the grave of my
poor sister, and I asked myself, was this the moment for prayer and
weeping, and not rather for action, Monsignore, action, action! Ought
we really to be remaining inert like this, while everything is
breaking up and the people are rising? The crowds are having a fine
time, incited by anarchist spoutings, they are turning out in the
streets to protest against the burden of taxation, still carrying the
Crucifix and the images of the Saints at the head of their

"Also those, though, of the King and Queen, Don Ippolito," Monsignore
observed tartly.

"That is to disarm the troops!" Don Ippolito promptly retorted. "The
proof that the heart of the people is still on our side lies in the
others! Clearly! Do you know that my son is in Sicily?"

Monsignore nodded his head with melancholy gravity, supposing the
Prince to have asked this question to head him off an unpleasant

"He travelled down with Don Flaminio," he added with a sigh, "and with
the poor girl."

Donna Adelaide broke out in further and louder sobs. Don Ippolito
stamped his foot angrily.

"We must learn to subdue our own griefs," he said haughtily, "and to
take a wider outlook! Know how to live for something that exists
above our every-day troubles and all the afflictions that life showers
upon us! I have written to my son, Monsignore, and have also sent for
Capolino to suggest that he should go and discuss the situation with
him, and see whether it is possible to come to some understanding...."

"What, Don Ippolito?" Monsignore exclaimed, pained and shocked. "With
the people who have just foully murdered his wife?"

Don Ippolito again stamped his foot upon the carpet, clenched and
shook his fists, and with an expression of disgust on his upturned
face, fumed:

"Slavery! Slavery! Slavery! Oh, if I were not walled up here!"

Upon which, "But are we banished? Really banished?" Donna Adelaide
inquired through her tears, turning to the Bishop. "Who is it prevents
us from leaving here, from going where we choose, Monsignore?"

"Who?" shouted Don Ippolito, swinging round upon her, his face white
with anger. "Do not you yet know? Monsignore, did not you make clear
to her the terms of my recent unfortunate marriage? How is it that
this woman does not yet know who prevents us from leaving here?"

"But in a case like this!" wailed Donna Adelaide. "Let me go by
myself! He can stay here! Holy God, one has a heart in one's hosom,
after all!"

Monsignor Montero implored her with his hands to be silent, to use
some prudence. Don Ippolito raised his hands, pressed them to his face
and held them there for a long time; then, disclosing a completely
altered expression, of intense bitterness, profound abasement, said:

"See, Monsignore, try to persuade my brother-in-law to bring his
daughter here, to her aunt. Possibly the quiet, the change of scene,
may do her good."

"What, here? Really here? Oh, if she comes here..." Donna Adelaide
broke out in a frenzy of joy, almost leaping up and down on her chair.
"Yes, yes, yes, Monsignore dear. Do you hear? It was he said it! Make
her come here, Monsignore, at once, here, my precious child!"

Glad of the concession, Monsignore held out his plump, white hands to
arrest her onset: "Wait a moment... if you don't mind. I must tell
you.... oh, a thing that has touched me so, so deeply.... Here, yes...
but wait a moment ... you will see that it is better to leave the poor
girl at Girgenti for the present.... Wait: perhaps we have a way of
curing her. Yes, why, the night before last, do you know who came to
see me at the Palace? De Vincentis, that poor Nini De Vincentis, who
has been in love with the girl for years, as you know. Such a dear
boy! Oh, if you had seen him! In a state, I assure you, that made
one's heart bleed. He began to cry, to cry heartbrokenly, and begged
me, implored me to tell Don Flaminio to trust in him and let him stay
beside the girl, because he with his love, with his warm, insistent
pity hoped to arouse her, to call her back to reason and life. Well,
what have you to say to that?"

"Magari!" exclaimed Donna Adelaide. "And Flaminio? Flaminio?"

"I carried out the mission at once, yesterday morning," Monsignore
replied. "And Don Flaminio, who knows the young man's warm heart, his
gentle nature and his stainless honour, accepted the offer, promising
De Vincentis that the girl shall be his if he performs the miracle of
curing her. And now the young man is there in the house with the poor
girl. Let us leave them together, Donna Adelaide, and join in prayer
to God that the miracle may be accomplished!"

With this exhortation, Monsignor Montoro took his leave. On the stair
he told Don Ippolito that he had in mind the idea of issuing a
Pastoral to the faithful of the diocese, and that in a few days' time
he would come again and read it to him, before sending it out. Don
Ippolito spread out his arms and, as soon as the Bishop had driven
away in his carriage, went and shut himself up again in his Museum.

Donna Adelaide continued to cry, first from emotion at this action on
poor dear Nini's part, then in despair, because she knew only too well
the opinion that her niece had held of the young man in the past.
Perhaps, if she could have been by the girl's side as well, to
persuade her... you never could tell!

And she flew into a rage again, torn between her conflicting emotions,
and felt herself devoured by fury at this barbarity on the part of the
Prince, who compelled her to remain there. And, after all, why should
she? What did she represent, what part was she supposed to be playing
there? No, no, no; she must get away, escape, flee, or she would go
mad also!

She decided to write to her brother, imploring him to come over at
once and rescue her, set her free from this prison, by fair means or
foul. Two black shawls.

Delighted at being summoned by the Prince of Laurentano, Capolino was
preparing to go down to Colimbetra when, in the entrance hall of his
house, he heard his old servant gruffly turning away some one who was
asking for him.

He went to the door, looked out, saw two women dressed in black, each
with a shawl, likewise black, on her head, drawn close round her pale,
weary face.

They were Pigna's two daughters, Mita and Annicchia.

Capolino, when he heard their name, invited them into the
sitting-room, and after making them sit down inquired how he could be
of service to them.

For shame at their own poverty, to support their affliction with
dignity, they were both striving to repress their overflowing emotion.
The effort that they were making not to cry, meanwhile, combined with
their shyness, deprived them of speech. And each of them pressed
tightly, beneath her black shawl, the thumb of her left hand against
the top joint of the forefinger, blunted, hardened, soiled and
punctured by the constant plying of needle and thread, as though only
in the lost sensibility of that finger could she find the strength and
courage to speak.

Finally Mita, barely raising her dark-rimmed eyes, managed to say:

"Signor Deputato, we have come to beg you...."

And the other at once prompted, corrected her:

"We are disturbing you... when you have such a great sorrow at

"Go on, go on please," Capolino encouraged her. "I am here to listen
to you."

"Yes Sir, I shall.,.. Your Honour will know," Mita went on, her cheeks
colouring swiftly, "that our father and Lizio, who is..."

"The husband of one of our sisters," Annicchia again prompted her.

Mita east a piteous glance of reproach at her sister.

"Have been arrested, Signor Deputato!"

"They are innocent, Signor Deputato, innocent!"

"We can bear witness that they knew nothing, nothing at all about the

Capolino, confused by the breathless, eager excitement with which the
sisters were now speaking, asked:

"What deed?"

"Why!..." said Mita. "The deed that Your Honour, alas..."

"Oh Lord!" exclaimed Annicchia. "It makes my heart tremble to think of

And Mita continued:

"They have been arrested as well, here in the town, as innocent as
Christ Himself.... We can bear witness that they were left speechless,
it took their breath away, when the news came... they felt the earth
gape beneath their feet...."

"And Your Honour may be sure," added Anniechia, "that we should not
have had the courage to come here, to speak about it to Your Honour,
if we were not more than certain, that they are innocent...."

And Mita, with downcast eyes, put in, trembling:

"Your lady; we have worked for her, and we know how good she was...
such a friendly lady ... and beautiful, oh, how beautiful she was...
it is dreadful!"

Capolino blinked his eyes, wriggled a little on his chair, and asked
in a thick voice:

"Have they been to search the house?"

"Yes, Sir," both sisters replied simultaneously. Mita went on:
"Police, detectives, magistrates ... like a band of devils... they
turned everything upside down...."

"And what did they find?"


"Oh Maria, absolutely nothing.... A few letters ... newspapers... the
list of members."

"Members in name only.... Nobody ever came to the meetings...."

"Books... papers.... They carried off everything... even a piece of
linen, Signor Deputato, that had a drop of blood on it, which I had
spilt myself, when I pricked my finger, here, with the needle...."

Capolino clutched his jaw in his hand, and sat for a while frowning,
trying to think; then said:

"If nothing comes out that can compromise them..."

"Oh no, Sir!" Mita at once protested. "Nothing that has to do with
the deed for which they have been arrested; absolutely nothing! Your
Honour may be quite sure...."

"We should not have come to Your Honour ..." Annicchia repeated.

Capolino held up his hands to silence them; and collected his thoughts

"Do you know," he asked, after a pause, "that I am not in the good
graces of the authorities? Do you know that, to excuse thirty years
and more of misgovernment, they want it to be believed that all these
riots in Sicily have been secretly engineered by the Clerical Party,
to which I belong?"

"Oh, Your Honour... what an ideal" said Annicchia, clasping her hands.
"When Your Honour has had... after Your Honour..."

"All the more! All the more!" Capolino cut her short. "They will say:
'There, can't you see it's all a plot? The heart is one thing,
politics another! Here he comes in person to plead for the
accused....' That is what they will say!" The sisters remained
bewildered, crushed.

"And how can anyone believe such a thing?" asked Mita.

"Why, they don't believe a word of it!" Capolino replied with a
contemptuous smile. "They pretend to believe it. It is their excuse.
And I, if I appeared in court, you can understand, should be playing
into their hands, without obtaining anything for you. That is just how
things stand! It was the same in 1866, before you were born or thought
of, the popular rising, due to political and administrative
injustices, was put down to this scapegoat of a Clerical Party. It is
the most convenient excuse, for the people in power, and one that is
certain to be effective!"

The sisters sat for a while in silence, lost in thought, as though
they saw the hope, that had brought them there, creep back into a
wilderness of suffering, banished by an unsuspected argument, which
they could not clearly understand.

"We had supposed," said Mita at length, "that if Your Honour were to
say a word... not only before the authorities... but in the town as
well.... We live by the work which we two do, my sister here and
myself.... No one will give us any more work, now, because everyone,
after this arrest, believes that our father and our brother-in-law
were accomplices in the crime which has quite rightly infuriated the
whole town. ... Now, if Tour Honour, who has been more wronged than
anyone else, were to say a word ... their innocence..."

"And there is also this, Signor Deputato!" broke in Annicchia, unable
any longer to restrain her tears, "that our sister, Signor Deputato,
when the police came to arrest her husband and our father, had her
baby at her breast. It poisoned her milk, Signor Deputato; and now the
baby is dying, and we don't know what to do for it; and our sister
seems to have gone out of her mind, what with her little boy dying,
and his father in prison! There are five of us sisters left at home;
try as we may, we can't do anything to help her.... That is why we
have come here, to appeal to you, Signor Deputato!"

Capolino rose, as though propelled from his chair by his emotion.

"I shall see..." he said, "I shall see that something is done.... Give
me a little time. ... I must think first, because of my... I mean to
say, my political responsibility.... The heart, as I said just now, is
one thing; politics another. ... But I shall see.... I don't bind
myself. ... I shall see that something is done for you, never
fear.... Calm yourselves, calm yourselves ... and courage, my dear
girls, courage! This is a terrible time for everybody, believe me ...
and nobody has yet managed to see a way out... nobody!"

So saying, he escorted them to the front door; refused to listen to
any apologies or thanks; shut the door gently after them.

Without putting any faith in this vague promise of assistance, the
sisters, as soon as they were in the street, felt a certain relief at
the step they had taken, a certain excitement, a certain joy at having
managed to speak, by which they felt their courage somewhat restored.
But presently, when they thought of the quarter to which they had
turned, they relapsed into their somhre grief, into the abasement of a
burning sense of shame.

They called at the Post Office, to collect a small sum of money, which
Celsina had sent them from Rome, and of which they did not know what
to think.... And other money, at this time, little, oh so little, the
piteous and repellent fruit of another notorious disgrace, came from
their elder sister, from Rosa, to those hands worn with toil and now
forced to remain idle, forced to gather up the sad burden of this
unsought assistance.


The thought that in the eyes of the world he figured as going to
Colimbetra not of his own accord, but by invitation, was highly
pleasing to Capolino.

There was there, at that moment, hanging from the bough, a pear, which
at one time had remained unripened by the heat of his desire; but now,
by all that he could conjecture from recent information, must be more
than ripe, ready to drop, at a cautious but daring twitch from his

This, ah this, would be the perfect consummation of his revenge! And
everything appeared to have been marvellously preordained, so that
with the greatest possible facility his revenge might be consummated
in this way! Adelaide Salvo was still an unmarried woman in the eyes
of the law.

Had he not felt an unreasonable secret jealousy at the time of the
arrangements for her marriage to the Prince of Laurentano? What
reason, indeed, could there be for this jealousy, since Adelaide Salvo
could not any longer have become his wife, he being already married to
Nicoletta Spoto? And yet... and yet he had felt this jealousy, which
was now revealing itself to him as unreasonable not in the original
sense, but in another that was just the opposite. Because, if he could
have foreseen at the time, that it was only as a result of that
specious wedding that Adelaide Salvo would be able one day to become
his wife, it was not jealousy that he must have felt, but pleasure.
But he had not foreseen it then, as he saw it now; and had accounted
for his unreasonable jealousy by the fact that he could not look upon
Nicoletta Spoto as a real and proper wife, but rather as a partner, a
companion in adventure; the true wife for him, even though he was no
longer a free man, was still Adelaide Salvo.

Now.... Oh, it would be another colossal scandal! Which,
however--unlike the previous scandal, which had ended in tears--might
perhaps end in laughter.... And by it he would be relieved from
playing the part of victim, which had been cast for him by the former
scandal, namely the scandal of poor Nicoletta's elopement with the
unfortunate Costa. And Flaminio Salvo, who had plotted the other
scandal of his wife's elopement, as previously he had plotted his
sister's half-and-half marriage, would now be left doubly ridiculous
and doubly punished: punished by the instrument of his own misdeeds,
of the crime, that was to say, which had set him, Capolino, free from
Nicoletta, and of the illegal marriage, which, by making life
unendurable to his sister, delivered her into Capolino's hand, free to
contract a perfectly regular marriage with him. Once he was Adelaide
Salvo's husband, what would it matter to him if he forfeited his
Deputy's badge? There was still a long time before the next
dissolution.... He would persuade Adelaide to fly with him to Rome, to
take refuge in the house of her sister Rosa. As a measure of prudence,
to establish his rights as her deliverer, he would first put in a few
days at Naples with her who, poor thing, must be so sorely in need of
those diversions which only a big town like Naples could offer her. In
Rome, they could without causing any stir contract the civil marriage.
Francesco Velia would manage to find a place for him as counsel to the
Railway Department; and it went without saying that Velia would he
delighted that Capolino, become his brother-in-law once again, should
keep that badge dangling from his waistcoat. In time, even Flaminio
Salvo himself, by the intercession of Don Francesco and Donna Rosa,
would perhaps be appeased and would refrain from putting obstacles in
his way.

The important point, now, was to persuade Adelaide to brave the
scandal of an elopement, at this unfortunate moment of her niece's
insanity. But Monsignor Montoro had told him that the Prince
absolutely forbade his wife to go to Girgenti, even if only to visit
her brother's house. Another marvellously propitious circumstance was
the compassionate offer of service to the poor girl made by that dear
fellow, Nini De Vincentis. For if Dianella had been taken to
Colimbetra, to be with her aunt, as the Prince had suggested, so far
from thinking of an elopement, he would not have been able so much as
to set foot in the house again! But could Adelaide be satisfied with
this vague hope, this meagre consolation in absence, of knowing that
poor San Luigi to be on his knees before her demented niece? If the
truth were known, all that ardent longing, however sincere it might
be, to visit her niece, must be merely a pretext for getting away from
Colimbetra. The reasons for her discontent all persisted, exacerbated
if anything by this prohibition. Nor would Flaminio Salvo ever be
prevailed upon to persuade the Prince to grant this exeat to his
sister. He must dwell upon this point, make it plain to Adelaide that
her brother was not the man to fall short of the terms he had
stipulated with the Prince, upon any consideration; so that she,
losing all hope of assistance from her brother and seeing herself
condemned to languish there in boredom and disgust, might see no other
way of escape but in himself, and find in her desperation the courage
necessary for flight.

These thoughts and memories and suggestions Capolino turned over in
his mind as he drove down from Girgenti to Colimbetra. But they
aroused in him neither eagerness nor warmth. He was conscious rather
of a nauseating frigidity, as though his life had become congealed; he
felt that this revenge of his was for things that were left behind in
the past, irrevocable, and already dead in his heart, and that
accordingly he would derive no pleasure from it, nor any promise of
future happiness. He was avenging a man who, once upon a tune, had
been rejected by Adelaide Salvo; but was he any longer that man? Too
many things that ought not to have happened had (alas!) happened,
things the dead weight of which he could feel in his heart, for him to
take any pleasure now in his revenge. And it was just all these dead
things that made it so easy for him. This was why he felt that
nauseating frigidity. In Nicoletta Spoto he had been able to find a
certain compensation, a solace in the nausea of his abject state; life
for her and with her was almost worth the discomfort of being vile....
But to create a fresh scandal now, to insult such a man as Don
Ippolito Laurentano, for Adelaide Salvo. ... Perhaps, however, taking
it all in all, it would be a relief to Don Ippolito to have his wife
stolen from him! At the moment, his self-esteem would be slightly
injured; but it was not a bad thing that at him, who had been able to
enjoy the personal satisfaction of always holding his head erect, with
so much dignity and pride, fate itself should now, at the eleventh
hour, by the hand of Capolino, deal a blow, like this, in passing. Ah,
Most Noble Prince, you must bow to the spirit of the age! We can
allow you a bodyguard dressed in the Bourbon uniform; but you will do
well to learn that, in the present year of grace, there is a certain
risk in marrying a woman before God's altar alone....

Yet another providential coincidence, and this one really unhoped-for,
and such as almost took the wind out of his sails, he found as soon as
he arrived at the villa.

Don Ippolito, indignant on the one hand at the Bishop's want of faith;
completely disillusioned, on the other hand, by Lando's reply, which
had reached him overnight from Palermo, as to the possibility of
coming to an arrangement with the Clerical Party, had taken refuge, as
upon so many other occasions, when in need of comfort, in the study of
ancient records, in his long interrupted work upon Akragantine

As in the case of the acropolis, so in that of the emporium of
Akragas, he had set himself against all the topographers, ancient and
modern, who placed it at the mouth of the Hypsas. Here, he maintained,
there had been merely a landing-place, whereas its emporium, its true
emporium, Akragas, like other cities of ancient Greece, which were not
situated actually upon the sea, had established at a distance, in some
bay or inlet that would offer a safe anchorage to ships: Athens, at
Piraeus; the Attic Megara, at Nisaea; the Sicilian Megara, at
Xiphonium. Now, what was the bay or inlet nearest to Akragas? It was
the so-called Cala della Junca, between Punta Bianca and Punta del
Filiere. Very well then, there, in the Cala della Junca must have been
the Akragantine emporium.

He had arrived at this conclusion with the help of an ancient
Legendary of Saint Agrippina. And he was hugely delighted with a page,
which he had contrived to insert in the dry topographical discussion,
describing the voyage of the three Virgins, Bassa, Paula and
Agathonica, who had brought the Saint's body by sea from Rome after
her martyrdom under the Emperor Valerian. There was no doubt that the
three Virgins had landed with the body of the Saint on the Akragantine
shore, at a spot named Lithos in Greek and Petra in Latin, the spot
that to this very day is known as Petra Patella, or Punta Bianca. Very
well, in the text of the ancient hagiographer one read that, at the
moment when the three Virgins landed, a monk who was leaving the
monastery of Saint Stephen in the village of Tyrus, hard by the
emporium, bound for Agrigentum, had stopped, attracted by the sweet
savour that issued from the Saint's body, and had then hastened to the
city to announce the portent to the Bishop, Saint Gregory. If, as the
topographers, ancient and modern, asserted, the emporium was at the
mouth of the Hypsas, and accordingly the _vicus_ of Tyrus and the
monastery of Saint Stephen were there also, how in the world could
this monk, on his way to Agrigentum, encounter at Punta Bianca the
three Virgins as they landed with the body of the Blessed Martyr? It
was wholly inadmissible. The monastery of Saint Stephen at Tyrus must
have been there, by Punta Bianca, and therefore the emporium must have
been there also. And the most convincing proof lay in the name of
this village, identical with that of the great Phoenician city: Tyrus.
This name had been given it, in all probability, by the Carthaginians
at the time of their thriving trade with the Akra-gantines, and came
from some hill, which must have risen close to the village: _tur_, in
Phoenician, signifying a hill. Was there, perhaps, a hill to be found
by the mouth of the Hypsas? No; the hill, which, indeed, bears the
generic title of Monte Grande, rises precisely there, by Punta Bianca
and commands the Cala della Junca.

Don Ippolito had risen betimes that morning and had ridden out,
escorted by Sciaralla and by four of his men, to make a careful
examination of these sites, and especially the side of that Monte
Grande, in the district called Litrasi, where there are certain
remains, believed by some topographers to be Phoenician tombs, but, in
his opinion, of far more recent origin and grouped and excavated in a
style common in Sicily in the days of the Later Empire, so that they
might date back to the episcopacy of Saint Gregory, in other words to
the time of the landing at that spot of the three faithful Virgins
Bassa, Paula and Agathonica with the fragrant corpse of the Holy
Martyr Agrippina.

On his homeward journey, albeit on every side there lay spread out to
enchant the eye, in the almost springlike warmth, vast carpets of
velvety green, here gilded by the sun, there vaporous with deep violet
shadows beneath the intense and ardent azure of the sky, Don Ippolito,
as he gazed at his hands, resting upon his saddle-bow, had had but one
thought in his mind, that of death, of his own departure from these
scenes, which could not be much longer postponed. But, contemplated
thus, beneath that sun, in the midst of all that verdure, while his
body swayed rhythmically with the gentle motion of his horse, death
had inspired in him no horror, but rather a lofty serenity, tinged
with regret and at the same time with satisfaction, at the refinement
and nobility of the thoughts and interests with which he had always
interwoven his life amid these cherished scenes, to which presently he
must bid a last farewell. And he had taken a long plunge into this
novel sense of serenity, as though to wash himself clean of the
agonizing terror which death had always given him until then, which
had been responsible for this degrading second marriage, a marriage
that had profaned the dignity of his old age, the austerity of his

Shortly after midday, arriving at Colimbetra, tired after his long
ride, he entered the drawing-room and found Capolino and Donna
Adelaide engaged in earnest conversation; she, excited and in tears;
he, pale and in a fervour of agitation. The Prince stopped short on
the threshold, revolted rather than annoyed.

"Oh, Prince..." Capolino at once began, rising to his feet, at a loss
for words.

"Don't move, don't move..." said Don Ippolito,. holding out his hand,
more to prevent the other from approaching him than as an invitation
to him to remain seated. "I make no apology for being late, because
the Signora, I can see... has been describing me to you as such a
barbarian, that you cannot have regretted the want of my company...."

"No... the... the Princess... really ..." stammered Capolino.

Don Ippolito assumed a haughty attitude and said, with a firm,
frowning coldness:

"She may go, if she wishes. But with the knowledge that what prevents
her to-day from going beyond the gate of my villa will prevent her
to-morrow from returning. And now, will you please to continue your

He turned to leave the room. Capolino made an effort to maintain his
manly dignity in front of the lady, and addressed his retreating back,
with an air almost of defiance, but one that might also be taken for
an apology:

"You sent for me, Prince...."

Don Ippolito, who had by this time reached the door, barely turned
round, thrusting aside the curtain with his hand:

"Oh, for a matter of no importance," he said. "Now.... Fads!

And he passed out, letting the curtain drop behind him.

"The answer... the answer..." Donna Adalaide at once broke out, rising
to her feet; choking, her eyes swollen and bloodshot with Weeping, "I
shall wait until to-morrow for his answer, or for him to come here in
person, and tell me that I must stay here till I die, and let myself
be trampled underfoot like this...."

"Why of course! Of course! Of course!" Capolino retorted, going
towards her. "What do you expect Flaminio to say?"

"He must say it!" she interrupted him, in a frenzy, baring her teeth
and clenching her fists. "He must say those words to me, with his own
lips; and then yes, then yes, at once! I will do the worst! I am
ready! I will do the worst!"

At this moment Liborio, the Prince's favourite servant, entered the
room, alarmed and excited, and halted for a moment in perplexity,
seeing the tears and agitation of his mistress.

"Your Excellency.... Your Excellency..." he said, "Signor Don

"What is the matter?" Donna Adelaide inquired angrily. "What does he

"Nothing, Your Excellency... he appears to be..."

And Liborio raised his hand in a vague gesture of benediction.

"Ah," said Donna Adelaide at this, fixing Capolino with a hard stare,
and continuing to gaze at him frowning and open-mouthed, as though to
discover from him whether it was a good or a bad thing that the poor
man should choose this particular moment at which to die. "It is
better ... better so!" she then exclaimed, "better so, poor man....
Come, Gnazio, let us go and look at him...."

And she hurried in the wake of Liborio, followed by Capolino,
disturbed and worried.

"I have kept him here with me..." she said to him as they went, "I
have nursed him... looked after him.... Fine friends you have all
been, to desert him like this... poor old man. ... It is the best
thing that could happen... a merciful relief.... Even I have neglected
him for the last few days.... Murderers! They have dealt him the final
blow.... He himself though, I must say, did eat too much... too many
sweet things...."

"Ah, yes, Your Excellency," sighed Liborio, "I told him so myself...
too many..."

"Pick it up, Gnazio, pick it up.... I've dropped my handkerchief. Oh
Bella Madre Santissima, what a horrible smell!"

And she stopped her nose with her fingers, coming to a standstill at
the door of the room in which the poor old man lay dying, supported on
his bed by the cook, who had come running in at Liborio's summons.

Spellbound by an instinctive horror of death, but perhaps even more by
repulsion at the extreme thinness of the cartilaginous face, by the
colourless hair, the eyeballs already stiffened beneath the half-shut
lids, Donna Adelaide and Capolino were standing gazing in, still from
the threshold, when they saw the dying man's mouth open, wider and
wider, in a cavernous gape, as though his jaws were being forced apart
with cruel violence by an internal spring.

"Oh Lord!" groaned Donna Adelaide. "Why is he doing that?"

She had not finished speaking when something shot out of that open
mouth, something horrible.

Donna Adelaide uttered a cry of disgust and raised her hands to
shelter her face.

Liborio went over to the bed, and there discovered a grinning set of
false teeth.

"It is nothing, Your Excellency!" he said with a pitying smils. "He
has taken his last bite..."

The cook meanwhile was arranging on the pillow the lifeless head of
the poor old man.



IN the great echoing hall of the former chancery of the Episcopal
Palace, with the fresco on its grimy ceiling covered in dust, its high
walls with their yellowing whitewash, loaded with old portraits of
prelates, covered also with dust and mildew, scattered about with no
regard for symmetry above the blistered, worm-eaten cupboards and
bookcases, a buzz of approval rose as soon as Monsignor Montoro, in
his beautiful voice, with its measured inflexions, as though suffused
with a pure, protecting authority, finished reading to the Cathedral
Chapter and a number of other Canons and dignitaries assembled there
for the purpose, his pastoral epistle to the reverend fathers of the
diocese upon the lamentable events which had plunged Sicily in grief
and were distressing every Christian heart.

A verse from Saint Matthew had given Monsignore the text for his
pastoral: "_Ye have the poor always with you_...."

It was a freezing, blustering day in January; and more than once, as
he read, the Bishop, in irritation, and his audience as well, had
looked anxiously at the tall windows which seemed on the point of
yielding, with a crash, to the screaming fury of the southwesterly
gale. His calm reading of this gentle homily had had throughout the
sinister accompaniment of sharp, shrill hisses, long sorrowful moans,
which had often distracted the attention of more than one of his
hearers, diffusing throughout the vast hall, watched over by those old
portraits, dusty and mildewed, an intense feeling of regret for the
vanity of time and life, a vague sense of terror.

Several of them had been looking out, through one of those windows, at
the terrace of an old house opposite, upon which a poor lunatic seemed
to be tasting some secret joy, that of flight perhaps, exposed to the
fury of the wind which sent fluttering round his body the yellow
woollen blanket that had been draped over his shoulders: he was
laughing with the whole of his wretched face, while his keen, demoniac
eyes glistened with a film of tears, and the long locks of his reddish
hair floated out on either side of him like flames. The poor fellow
was the younger brother of Canon Bata, who was present in the room,
apparently paying the closest attention to what the Bishop was
reading, but inwardly absorbed, beyond question, in wholly different
thoughts, which had several times found expression in comical
gesticulations. The reading at an end, those of the older Canons who
were most familiar with their most excellent Bishop's weakness
hastened to surround the table, at which he was seated, to make him
repeat, one one, another another, among the many passages with which
Monsignore, from the way in which he pronounced them, had seemed to
them to be most satisfied and pleased.

"That sentence about Satan's Host, My Lord, how does it go?"

"Your Lordship was alluding to masonry, wasn't he? What was the

And Monsignore, inwardly overjoyed, but preserving an outward air of
weary condescension, letting droop over his clear, oval eyes those
eyelids of his as fine as layers of onion-skin, and nodding his head
in assent, and raising his hand to bid them wait, looked for the
passage and repeated:

"Evil and accursed sect... evil and accursed sect, which for its
architect has chosen the devil, for its hierophant the Jew...."

"Ah, that was it! For its hierophant the Jew!" they exclaimed. "A
stupendous expression, My Lord. Stupendous!..."

"Bold... daring..."

"Great heavens, what a gale!" the Bishop began to complain,
distressed, as though it were not the reward that he merited for his

Meanwhile the younger Canons, who had listened more attentively than
any to the reading, were exchanging glances of disgust at these silly
old flatterers, or of pained resignation to the reception that the
people would give to this windy eloquence, which kept harping upon a
question no less cruel than it was fatuous, which the reverend fathers
were to transmit to the poor of the diocese: why it was that poverty,
which had always existed and would always continue to exist, should
only now be disturbing people's minds like this, upsetting social
order, and leading to such deplorable excesses.

One or two of these young dignitaries felt that Monsignore might at
least have paraphrased, with application to the occurrences in the
Island, the recent Encyclical of H.H. Leo XIII, _De conditione
opificum_, in which it was laid down that employers of labour must
cease from usury, overt or covert, and from treating their workmen as
slaves, and from trading upon the need of the poor, instead of shewing
such hostility to those who "dared to question the ancient rigour of
the Civil Law."

They were all the more distressed by the tone of their Bishop's
Pastoral, in that, only the day before, in defence of the poor, Pompeo
Agro had published a fierce pamphlet, in which, after comparing
conditions in Sicily to those in Ireland, and drawing attention to the
language used and attitude adopted by eminent Catholic prelates,
British and American, towards the economic and social questions of the
hour, he had--by way of a challenge--quoted the insolent reply of Fr.
MacGrlynn, a Catholic priest in New York, to his Bishop's request that
he would moderate his revolutionary propaganda: "I have always taught,
My Lord, and shall continue to teach, so long as there is breath in my
body, that the earth is by right the common property of the people,
and that the right of individual property in land is opposed to
natural justice, however it be sanctified by civil and religious

The whole of Agro's pamphlet was a bitter indictment of the ignorance
and sloth of the Sicilian clergy. And here, within twenty-four hours,
was their Bishop's pastoral, furnishing the most clear and convincing
proof of the charge.

Another group was discussing whether it would not be as well to send,
later on, privately, one of the more favoured of the seniors to
Monsignore, to point out to him in so many words how inopportune this
pastoral was, now that the report was going about that, with the storm
raging everywhere, the proclamation of a state of siege throughout
Sicily was imminent if not already decreed. A certain general had
even been mentioned by name, as appointed Commissioner Extraordinary,
with full powers; the same general who, a few days earlier, had landed
at Palermo with a whole army corps. It was said that he had begun by
arresting the members of the Central Committee of the Fasci, who, the
night before, had issued a revolutionary proclamation to the workers
of the Island.

"Yes, here it is... I have it in my pocket ... it is quite true!" said
one of them, mysteriously. "We can read it in a moment, when we get

But, to baffle and enhance the eager curiosity of this group, there
appeared in the hall at that moment, paler than usual and panting for
breath, the Bishop's young secretary, who evidently brought the
confirmation of this most serious news.

They all crowded round the table.

"Is it proclaimed?"

"Yes, yes, the state of siege is proclaimed; with orders to disarm the

"To disarm them as well? Good... good...."

"And they have arrested the members of the Central Committee of the
Fasci, in Palermo."

"All of them?"

"No, not all; some of them managed to escape. Including, it is said,
the Prince of Laurentano's son."

"Heavens, what do I hear?" the Bishop groaned. "Yes... he was in it
too!... Escaped? Escaped?"

The report was not confirmed: many people asserted that Laurentano had
been arrested as well. Anyhow, the whole of Sicily would at once be
placed under military occupation, down to the smallest villages, so
that the fugitives too would be caught and imprisoned.

"Heavens, what do I hear? What do I hear?" Monsignore continued to
exclaim. "But... have we really come to this?"

Furtively, from the young cleric's pocket, appeared the Committee's
proclamation, which had been distributed broadcast on handbills
through all the towns of the Island; it passed from hand to hand round
the table; but many of those present did not know what it was, and
every one, when he discovered its nature, refused to open it and
handed it on to his neighbour, as though the folded, crumpled sheet
might burn or soil his hands, until it ended in those of the young
secretary, who unfolded it and began to read it aloud in the Bishop's
presence, to the speechless dismay of some and amid a running
commentary of derision or indignation from, the rest.

Treating with the Government on terms of equality, the Committee, in
solemn tones, demanded in the name of the workers of Sicily:_ the
abolition of the local duties on flour_ ("Ah! They go as far as that,
do they?"); _an inquiry into the administrative services, in which,
the Fasci should "be represented_ ("Good for them! That's a clever
stroke... to be sure!"); _The legal sanction of_ _the agrarian and
mineral agreements drafted at the congresses of the Socialist Party_
("What's that? Legal sanction? Yes, legal! The government stamp!");
_the establishment of agricultural and industrial centres, to manage
the undeveloped property of private owners and such public prop, erty
of the State and ecclesiastical tithes as had not yet been alienated_
(at this a storm of protest hroke out, a confused din, over which
predominated: "Spoliation!"... "Brigands"... "They have no right!"
while the young secretary held up his hand to appeal for silence,
implying that there was more, there was better still to come, and
repeated, reading from the sheet: "_including ... including...")
including the compulsory expropriation of large proprietors, with a
temporary concession to the said proprietors of a small annuity_ ("Oh,
they are too kind!" "How considerate!" "What generosity!" "What
condescension!"); _social legislation for the economic and moral
improvement of the proletariat_, and then the final bombshell: _the
inclusion in the national budget of a sum of twenty million lire to
provide for the necessary outlay upon the execution of these demands,
for the acquisition of the instruments of labour for both the
agricultural and the industrial centres, and for the maintenance of
their members and the establishment of the centres upon a sound and
efficient basis_,

"But they are mad! They must be mad!" Monsignore broke out amid the
general hubbub, as he rose from his chair. "Great God! What impudence!
But is it confirmed, eh? Is it con-firmed that this army corps has
arrived? Is it confirmed, eh? This is no laughing matter! Oh, Lord!
Oh, Lord!"

The young secretary hastened to reassure him, then finished reading
the proclamation which, in conclusion, recommended calm, _because from
isolated and convulsive movements no lasting benefits would accrue_,
and warned its readers that the _procedure to be adopted would depend
upon the. Government's decision_.

But Monsignore, waving aside with both hands, as superfluous, these
recommendations and warnings, told his secretary to send the pastoral
immediately to the printer, as it would certainly gratify the General
in command of the army corps; and dismissed the assembly in order that
he might hasten to Colimbetra to comfort the Prince of Laurentano.

With a long and loud flapping of cassocks and cloaks the throng of
Canons, buffeted by the wind, stepped down from the high ground of San
Gerlando to mix in the hubbub of the town. The madman, on his terrace,
was shouting, joyfully, waving his yellow blanket, as though in
response to the fluttering of all those black cloaks.


As he hastened out to Colimhetra, Monsignor Montoro could certainly
never have guessed that sentiments very similar to those which he
himself had expressed with so much literary unction in his pastoral
were agitating the mind of one of those men whom he had just described
as mad.

At his first direct contact with those so-called comrades, at the
repercussion, closer at hand and more frequent, of the bloodstained
episodes of that popular rising which, even if widespread poverty,
intolerable burdens, cruelties and tyrannies of every sort gave it
ample justification, could not by any chance take shape and grow and
predominate, lacking as it did a soul really conscious of its own
strength and of its own rights, Lando Laurentano had found himself
called upon by his friends in Sicily to answer, if not for a
deliberate crime, since he could not but believe in their sincerity,
certainly for a colossal piece of folly. Always arising from that
external infatuation, due perhaps in great measure to the temperature
of the soil: an infatuation which gave so theatrical an air, in voice
and gesture, to the life of his fellow-islanders, and for which he--in
his deliberate stiffness--had always felt such bitter contempt!

How could his friends have deceived themselves into thinking that they
would succeed in a months, by their preaching, in breaking that hard,
agelong shell of stupidity fortified by distrust and bestial cunning,
which encrusted the minds of the peasants and sulphur workers of
Sicily? How could they have believed in the possibility of class
warfare, when all connexion and solidarity of principles, sentiments
and intentions, nay, even the most rudimentary culture, any kind of
consciousness were lacking?

The whole of their tactics, from beginning to end, were mistaken. It
was not class warfare, impossible in the prevailing conditions, but
rather a coalition of classes that was the object to be secured, since
in every grade of society in Sicily there survived a deep-rooted
resentment of the Italian Government, for its contemptuous
indifference to the Island ever since 1860.

True that on the one hand feudal customs, the habit of treating the
peasants as beasts of burden, and avarice and usury, and on the other
the peasants' fierce and inveterate hatred of the gentry and absolute
want of faith in the administration of justice, stood out as
insuperable obstacles to the formation of any such coalition. But
desperate as the attempt might appear, was that other revealed now as
any less desperate which his friends had chosea to make, acting upon
the principle, unconsciously and disastrously, of the inertia of the
Government, which encouraged people to take risks?

The Government, plunged neck-deep at that moment, up in Rome, in the
morass of the bank scandal, relying, down in Sicily, upon a policy
either inept or arrogant and overbearing, without a thought for the
evils that for so many years had afflicted the Island, without respect
either for the law or for the liberty of the subject, had, by inertia
or by provocation, favoured or stimulated the formation of those
proletarian associations which, if they had promptly secured some
improvement, however slight, of the conditions of labour on the land
and in the pits, or if they had not been incited by bloodshed, would
soon, without any doubt, have dissolved of their own accord, lacking
as they did any unifying sentiment, any leaven of conscience, any
trace of an ideal.

So much Lando Laurentano had realized now, when it was too late, on
the spot; and the embittered spirit in which he had come in response
to their invitation had remained crushed by a stupefaction filled with
dark misgivings, as though his friends had stuffed his mouth with tow
when it was burning with thirst.

Roused to action by the urgent necessity of finding some place of
refuge under the lowering menace of a violent, crushing repression on
the part of the Government, he had indignantly opposed the counsels of
prudence advanced by his friends, who were bewildered and terrified by
the extreme gravity of the situation. Prudence? Now that, every few
days, in the small villages of the interior, at Giardinello, for
instance, with barely eight hundred inhabitants, and at Lercara,
Pietraperzia, Gibellina, Marineo, the people were leaving their homes
and herding together on the village greens, with no common plan, under
no banner save the portraits of the King and Queen, with no weapon
save a cross borne by some tattered, frenzied woman at the head of the
procession, and marching blindly upon the rifles of a score of
soldiers, who were impelled principally by the fear of being trampled
underfoot to open fire spontaneously, without waiting for the word of
command? True, no one had suggested to them these processions that
ended in massacres; but for these and for all the other rash actions,
and for the blood of the butchered victims, somebody must now answer,
if only because these blind herds had been considered fit and ripe to
welcome the demonstration of their rights. How could anyone draw back
now, and counsel prudence? No, there was no other way of escape left
now save in the final outbreak of that madness: the promoters must
immolate themselves with their victims!

And Lando Laurentano had scornfully declined to append his signature
to that manifesto of the Central Committee to the workers of the
Island, which in the solemnity of its peremptory tone had struck him
as positively ridiculous, because not so much of the terms and
conditions it offered to the Government as of the entire absence of
any real consciousness and strength in the people in whose name it
offered them. The only real factor was the desperation of all those
unfortunate creatures, condemned by their ignorance to a life of
perpetual hardship; and the blood, the blood, the blood of the

When the state of siege was proclaimed, Lino Apes had had to drag him
off by main force into hiding. He had fled, not for the reasons which
Apes in the excitement of the moment had shouted at him, but owing to
his invincible repugnance to the idea of figuring as an apostle or a
hero or a martyr, exposed in the dock of a military court to the
wondering curiosity of the ladies of the Palermitan aristocracy who
were known to him personally.

As companions in flight, in addition to Apes, he had had Bruno, Ingrao
and Cataldo Selafani, all three in disguise.

How he had laughed, a laugh in which contempt mingled with pity, how
degraded he had felt at the same time, and how disgusted, at the
unrecognizable appearance of the last named, shorn of that quickset
hedge which used to cover his cheeks and chin! It seemed as though his
eyes and voice did not yet know of the loss, and they created a
ridiculous effect of helplessness in their expressions, in which the
beard that was now lacking had played so great a part. But this
disguise did not, as a matter of fact, indicate any fear in any of the
three; it was so to speak imposed on them by the part which the
necessity of flight assigned to them at that moment; while there
entered into it also, and to no small extent, the fatuous pride of the
Islander in his racial cunning in escaping from the tyranny of
constituted authority.

They had retired into the interior of the Island, fleeing before the
troops who were preparing to invade the other Provinces from Palermo.
If they should succeed in crossing it from end to end, they would take
shelter at Valsania, and from there would take ship for Malta or
Tunis. Lando would be glad to seek a haven in Malta, the scene of his
grandfather's exile, not because he ventured to compare his own lot
with his grandfather's but because he had intended for some time past
to visit Burmula and trace, if possible, the spot where his
grandfather was buried, with the help of Mauro Mortara's description,
which, it must be admitted, was none too definite, since the burial
had occurred amid the confusion of the great pestilence in Malta in

In vain had Lino Apes, taking as his text the incidents and
discomforts of their headlong flight, now on foot, now in springless
carts, now in broken-down carriages, up hill and down dale, in search
of food and shelter, tried to prove to his friends that, after all,
what they were doing was such a serious matter that a man could not
laugh at it if he chose. Was the rending of their illusions, for
instance, a sufficient reason for him to attach no importance to the
rent he had made in his trousers, in climbing down from a cart? They
were older than Tiberius Gracchus, those illusions; whereas his
trousers were new! Where had Cataldo Sclafani left the clippings of
his magnificent beard? A hair of that beard--he reflected
philosophically--would have been the ideal thing for darning his
trousers! The dreary aspect of the scenery, in its wintry desolation,
the depressing effect of a laborious journey over a doubtful track,
their eagerness to obtain news wherever they might of all that had
happened since their flight began, made the subtleties of Lino Apes
fall flat, arousing no echoing laugh.

The impressions that he managed to gather piecemeal, as they went
farther and farther inland, of these exceptional measures that the
Government had suddenly adopted, strengthened Lando's conviction that
his friends had made a mistake. The old, profound discontent of the
Sicilian people had in a moment changed everywhere to the most fiery
indignation: even although the higher ranks of society had been
alarmed at first by the popular agitation, now, in the face of this
military aggression, of these armed forces with their air of an
invading enemy, abolishing all law for everybody and suppressing every
constitutional guarantee, they felt inclined, if not actually to
fraternize with the lower orders, if not to make excuses for them, at
any rate to admit that when all was said, they, up till then, had
invariably had the worst of every encounter, nor had there ever yet
been an armed rising, and that if they had been carried away to
occasional excesses, these had been cruelly and stupidly provoked by
the massacres. The native pride, common to all the Islanders, rebelled
against this fresh insult which the Italian Government was inflicting
upon Sicily, instead of making belated reparation for ancient wrongs;
and everywhere there was a shudder of loathing at the reports that
kept coming in, of towns surrounded by regiments of infantry,
squadrons of cavalry, to arrest and carry off by hundreds, without any
discrimination, rich and poor, students and workmen, town councillors
here, schoolmasters and town clerks there, and women and old men and
even little children; the suppression of newspapers; the subjection of
private correspondence even to censors; the whole Island cut adrift
from the rest of the community and handed over, bound and disarmed, to
the mercies of a military dictatorship.

As a stubborn horse, driven against his will away from the obstacles
that he was ready to jump, of a sudden, in a frenzied panic, takes
fright and rears and backs, quivering in every muscle, so Lando
Laurentano, swept by the vehemence of this general indignation, at a
certain point had stopped, feeling himself suffocated by shame at his
flight. Was this the time to flee? To desert the field of battle? The
ground was burning under his feet; the air was all aflame. Was it
possible that the Island, astir from end to end, would allow itself to
be crushed, to be trampled underfoot like this, without rising in the
exasperation of the hatred so long repressed and now so brutally
provoked? A single rallying cry perhaps was enough! Enough perhaps
that one man should step forward!

When he reached Imera, and heard that in a village close at hand,
Santa Caterina Villarmosa, the populace had risen, Lando could contain
himself no longer; and, notwithstanding that his friends did
everything in their power to restrain him, shouting to him that there
was nothing more that could be attempted, or hoped, and that he would
simply be thrusting his head into the jaws of authority, he determined
to go there.

Only Lino Apes accompanied him, and that in the hope of chilling his
ardour and arresting him half way, assuming for the occasion, as best
he might, the part of Sancho Panza, so that his friend, whom he knew
to be sensitive to ridicule, might see himself as Don Quixote. And
sure enough, very soon, the giants whom Lando in his excitement had
imagined he saw embodied in those villagers of Santa Caterina
Villarmosa, rising in defiance of the state of siege that had been
proclaimed, revealed themselves to be merely windmills.

As they drew near to the village, they found that nobody there knew
anything yet about the proclamation: a bill had been posted on the
walls, but the ignorant folk had made nothing of it; and, in their
ignorance, as usual, as elsewhere, with the portraits of the King and
Queen, with a crucifix at the head of their procession, shouting:
"Long live the King! Down with the taxes!" had proceeded to parade the
village streets, until, turning out of the market place and into a
narrow lane that debouched upon it, they had come upon eight soldiers
and four carabinieri lying in wait for them. The officer in command
(it was not for nothing that he was named Colleoni) had chosen this
position with masterly strategy, so that the unarmed crowd, packed
into this trap, should, when ordered to disband, find themselves
unable to move; and there not once, but repeatedly, had given the
command to fire upon them. There were eleven killed, and any number
wounded, including women, old men and infants. Now, everything was
quiet, quiet as the grave. Only, here and there, the cries of
relatives, mourning for their dead, and the groans of the wounded.

"Have you had enough?" Lino Apes asked Lando.

The other turned to the old peasant who ha'd given them these details
and who, in comparing the village to a graveyard, had pointed to a
hill close by, crowned by a few cypresses; and inquired:

"Are they there?"

The old peasant, his eyes keen with hatred and big with pity, nodded
his head several times, then held out the fingers of his
earth-stained, misshapen hands, to indicate first ten and then one
more; and, by the look in his eyes and the silence that followed this
mute statement, made it clear that he had seen them.

Lando turned towards the hill.

"I see!" sighed Lino Apes. "Now I change to Horatio.... Scene two:
Hamlet in the graveyard."

In the dreary little hilltop cemetery, save for its shivering sexton,
who wore a light woollen shawl over his shoulders, there was no one to
be seen. Seated upon a stool, to the left of the gate, he was gazing
apathetically, in the desolate silence, at the coffins drawn up on the
ground in front of him, like a shepherd watching his flock. He was
expecting a visit from the judicial authorities, and orders for the
burial. Seeing two strangers enter, he turned, then quickly rose and
took off his cap, supposing them to be the magistrate and chief
constable. Lino Apes described himself and his companion as
journalists, and Lando asked him to let them see one or two of the

The custodian thereupon bent down over one of the coffins, which was
bigger than the rest, old, painted grey, with two bands of crape
crossed over it, and removed a heavy stone that was holding down the

Two bodies, in this coffin, one upon the other: one with its face
beneath the other's feet.

The one above was that of a boy. His legs were stretched apart; his
head sunk between his companion's feet. In this inverted posture, he
seemed to be protesting: "No! No!" with the whole of his lifeless
little face, in which the eyes had not quite shut, still contracted in
the agony of death. No, to such a death; no, to such horror; no, to
that coffin for two, tainted by that crude and acrid stench of the

But more appalling still was the face of the other, between the worn
boots of the boy, with its great black eyes staring wide and a tawny
shadow of beard beneath its chin. It was the body of a peasant in the
prime of life. With those terrible eyes staring at the sky, from the
supine body, it cried for vengeance for this final atrocity, the
heaping of that other body upon itself.

"See, Lord," it seemed to be saying, "see what they have done!"

Neither Lando nor Apes was capable of uttering a word; and the sexton
replaced the lid of the coffin and laid the heavy stone upon it.

After various other coffins, wretched things of unstained firwood,
they came to one covered in a bright sky-blue cloth, a tiny coffin, so
tiny that Lando in his uncertainty felt the hope rise that this at
least was not connected with the massacre. He glanced at the sexton,
who had stopped in front of it, and from the way in which he was
gazing at it knew that, yes, this one too... this one too. ... He put
the question, and the sexton, after nodding his head for a moment,

"_Una 'nnucenti_...." (A little girl.)

"Can we see her?"

Lino Apes, revolted and horrified, protested:

"No, let it be, Lando! Don't you see? The Coffin has been nailed

"Oh, if that's all..." said the sexton, producing an iron wedge from
his pocket. "I shall have to open it for the magistrate. It's--quite

And he bent down to unfasten the flimsy lid, taking care not to damage
the blue cloth. The nails slipped gently out of the soft wood, at each
thrust of the wedge.

When the little coffin lay open, they saw inside it the child not yet
rigid in death, her cheeks still blooming, her curly little head
turned slightly to one side and her arms stretched out by her sides.
But her rosy lips were wet with slaver, and from her nose trickled a
bloody froth, still bubbling, at what seemed to be the regular
intervals of respiration. "But she is alive!" exclaimed Lando, with a

The sexton smiled hitterly:

"Alive?" and he replaced the lid.

"Would that mother have allowed her to set out alive on her last
journey, who had combed and dressed her like that, who had so lovingly
adorned the little coffin in that bright blue cloth?

"This is what they have done..." Lando murmured.

And Lino Apes and the sexton supposed that he was referring to the
soldiers, who had killed the poor little girl.

Lando Laurentano was, however, referring to his own comrades, and saw
in his mind's eye no longer the image of the little one, who had at
least had the benefit of a mother's pitying care, but the terrible
image of that other, adult victim, with the boots of another corpse
over his face, and his eyes wide open, filled with a measureless
anguish, staring at the sky.


In the old De Vincentis palazzo, its outer walls blackened by time and
scarred everywhere like a ruin, its balconies and broad terrace
carpeted with moss, behind their rusty railings, but inside, in the
huge reception-rooms, full of light and peace, with those waxen saints
and flowers beneath bells of crystal, which seemed to diffuse a
monastic odour throughout, the silence, stamped upon the tiled floors
by the rectangular patches of sunlight from the windows, which grew
slowly longer and longer as the sun declined, followed by the slow,
light swarming of motes in the sunbeams, was broken by a heavy,
rhythmical sound of footsteps.

For the last week Vincente De Vincentis, oblivious of the Arabic
manuscripts in the Itria library, had confined himself to one room,
wrapped in an old and faded shepherd's cloak, with its collar turned
up, pacing the floor from morning to night, his clawlike hands
gripping each other behind his back, his head drooping and his eyes
heavy with want of sleep, almost sightless, for in the house he never
wore his glasses.

In the next room, by the glass door of the balcony, sat knitting, with
a grey woollen shawl over her shoulders, and a black muffler, of wool
also, round her head, tied beneath her chin, herself as soft and
fleecy as a bale of wool, Donna Fana, the old housekeeper. Sitting
half within the rectangle of sunshine, she seemed to be evaporating in
the light, and the fluff of her woollen shawl, catching the sun,
sparkled with the hovering motes in the beam.

Donna Fana had laid in their coffins with her own hands, first of all
her master, who had died young, then her mistress, to whom she had
been less a servant than a friend and counsellor, and had seen come
into the world and cradled in her arms her two young masters,
entrusted now to her sole charge. As a girl, she had been a lay sister
in the convent of San Vincenzo, and had remained "without the world,"
as she put it, a sort of domestic nun. From time to time she would
heave, as in the convent, a burning sigh, followed by the inevitable

"If I were there!"

But there was no one now to ask her, as was the custom among the nuns:
"Where, sister?" so that she might answer with a second sigh:

"Sister, among the blessed angels!"

But, truly, in the peace of the angels she had always dwelt, in that
house. The mistress: a true saint, innocent as a child even when she
was a grown woman, incapable of thinking evil, and entirely devoted to
religion and good works; those two boys: they too, each of them more
virtuous than the other, well brought up in the fear of God.

Now, could the Lord ever abandon such a house, and let it go to ruin?

Donna Fana seemed to have an intimate knowledge of all God's wishes;
and used to speak of Paradise as though she were already there, and
were going on with her knitting beneath the eyes of the Eternal
Father, as to Whom she could say where and how He was seated, with
Jesus, Our Saviour, and Our Dear Lady. Years back, she had made ready
the hody linen and the robe and the cloth slippers and the silken
kerchief in which to appear at the Last Judgment, confident that the
Supreme Judge would number her among the elect, coming there so clean
and neat; and every night she offered a special prayer to Saint
Brigid, who was to announce to her in a vision, three days beforehand,
the precise hour of her death, so that she might be ready and have
received the sacraments.

And so there was nothing now that could distress her; and to her all
this consternation shown by Vincente (whom she called Don Tinuzzo) was
merely childish. She was confirmed in this opinion, not merely by her
faith in God, but by her unassailable belief that the prosperity of
the house could never come to an end. And she continued to manage the
house with the time-honoured abundance, so that all the old pauper
women of the neighbourhood came in after dinner to divide what was
unused and the broken meats from the table, as had been their custom
for so many years; and to lay in a store of all God's bounties, and to
prepare with her own hands for her young masters the traditional
cordials and sweetmeats, which she had learned to make at the convent,
the _cuscusu_ of rice and pistacchi, the sweet fish of almond paste,
the pine-kernel cakes, and all the preserves and quince jellies and
fruits in syrup.

Perhaps it was true that Don Jaco Pacia, the agent, pocketed a little
on the sly.

"But what of that?" she would inquire of Nini, after a furious
outburst from his elder brother. "Crumbs, my son, crumbs!"

He a son of the Church too, Don Jaco Pacia, was it possible that he
could be such a persistent robber as Don Tinuzzo made out? Did not Don
Jaco continue to give her the same regular allowance for the
housekeeping that he had always given her, without ever making the
slightest comment? The entire control of the money was in his hands;
why! the only thing was to turn a blind eye, if a trifle of it did
stick to his fingers.

Donna Fana defended him, with a clear conscience, because she believed
that she had a proof of the honesty of Pacia's thoughts and actions in
the fact that, in the year when Don Jaco had gone to Rome, he had
brought her back a blessed rosary and a snuff-box with the Holy
Father's portrait.

Had she only known that, on this very day, Don Jaco, in order to raise
money, in addition to the surrender of the lands of Milione to Don
Flaminio Salvo, was coming to suggest a mortgage upon the palazzo
itself, in which she sat so peacefully over her knitting.

This last bombshell, as a matter of fact, not even Vincente expected.
Apart from the transfer of the land, he was preoccupied by another
serious matter, which had given him no rest for two days, but one of a
very different nature.

He had discovered in the corner of a room in which all the lumber was
stowed away, an old gun, a flint-lock, smothered in rust and dust. Now
that a state of siege and a disarming order had been proclaimed
throughout Sicily, was it not his bounden duty to hand over this

Nini and Donna Fana said no; Nini even maintained that it would be
regarded not merely as an impertinence but as an outrageous contempt
of authority to surrender such a firearm as that. But what did they
know about it? On what grounds did they say so? Like that, out of
their heads! The order to hand over all arms, without exception, was
positive and peremptory. Was this an arm, or was it not? Old it might
be, indeed it was old and devoured by rust, but it was still an arm!
Perhaps, too, it was loaded, and might go off at any moment.... You
could see the flint; and the steel, there it was, hanging by a

"Very well, then, take it and hand it over!"

Nini had shouted at him, with a shrug of his shoulders, the day
before, Nini who had something far more important on his mind at the
moment, in his rare appearances in the house, completely upset and
impatient to return to his torment, by the side of Dianella.

He, Vincente, had proposed that Nini should waste half the day, in the
state of mind in which he was, in seeking information about the
weapon. It was easy to say, take it! What if it went off? Hand it
over, then, to whom, where? At the Prefecture? At the Town Hall? At
the Police Station? He knew nothing about it, and if he were to go
and inquire... like that, with a pretence of curiosity, there was the
risk of his giving rise to suspicion and matters ending in a search of
the house.

The state of siege had thrown, and was keeping Vincente De Vincentis
in such a state of terror that he saw the most terrible threats and
dangers everywhere. He had decided not to stir from the house, for as
long as the ban should last. But what if, with Donna Fana's cursed
habit of proclaiming aloud to the whole neighbourhood every trifling
incident that occurred in the family, the police should come to hear
about this weapon?

Suddenly, the old housekeeper saw him dash in frantic haste from the
room in which he had shut himself up, waving his arms in the air and

"Let it go off! Let it kill me! I don't care a damn! I am going to
take it, I am going to take it myself!"

"For heaven's sake, leave it alone, Don Tinuzzo!" exclaimed Donna
Fana, running after him. "Don't let him, God, in that state.... You
see how he's trembling all over? Leave it alone! I shall call somebody
from the balcony. ..."

"Call whom? Don't you dare..." Vincente had begun to shout at her, his
face purple, when from the front door, which always stood open in the
daytime, there appeared Don Jaco Pacia, with his habitual air of a
saint who had dropped from heaven into a world of sorrow and
confusion, to which presently, quietly, with the help of God, he would
restore order and peace.

He was long and dry, like a figure carved in wood, with a sad face,
marked with the hard mourning band of his black eyebrows, a pair of
circumflex accents, in contrast to the broad, foolish, blissful smile
beneath his bushy white moustaches. His eyelids, straight like those
of a Japanese, did not reveal the whites of his eyes, which remained
opaque, as though indifferent to the hardness of those two circumflex
accents and the foolish blissfulness of his eternal smile. With his
arms always folded upon his breast and his big, unwashen, bony hands
he would assume an attitude of resigned humility.

Having heard what the trouble was, he took into his own hands the
affair of the gun, and said that Don Tinuzzo had not one but a hundred
reasons for his alarm. Certainly, it was an arm! And, Heaven help us
all, at a time like this.... A terrible time for the whole of Sicily!
But he was here, he was here, on the spot, to look after his two dear
boys, and, with the help of God, there was nothing to fear, in that
direction! The trouble, the serious trouble, lay in another.

And he began to describe all the trouble he had had in tracing the
title-deeds of the estate of Milione, first of all at the Record
Office, then in the Chancery of the Law-courts and in the Diocesan
Chancery, to find out all the dues, great and small, with which the
said estate was burdened. Now the deeds were ready and in order at
the lawyer's; but Don Flaminio Salvo was declining to pay the costs of
the sale, and perhaps, from his own point of view, he was right,
since, after all, he was doing a great favour... a banker like him...

"Oh indeed, a great favour? A great favour?" Vincente broke out in a
fury. "Like Primosole, I suppose? A great favour!"

Don Jaco allowed him to finish, in one of his typical attitudes of
holy martyrdom; then said:

"But you must have patience, my dear Don Tinuzzo! Has Don Flaminio
other children, then, besides the daughter who is already promised to
your brother Don Nini? Holy God, don't you see it is a pure formality?
In a day or two they will be married, and it will all come back here
in the end!"

"All, eh? Beautiful... easy... smooth as oil..." Vincente ejaculated,
with furious jerks of his head. "The marriage of two lunatics! But if
that is so, why does Don Flaminio refuse to pay the cost of the
transfer? A proof that he doesn't believe it! Who says that this
marriage is going to come off? Who says..."

"Don Tinuzzo!" the other interrupted him. "Has your brother Don Nini
been received, or has he not, into Salvo's household? Or am I
inventing it? Holy Name of God! He has been there for days on end,
hasn't he? Well, what does that mean? It means that the girl is there!
And you say that if the straw is kept by the fire ... Anyhow, here
comes Don Nini himself.... He can tell you better than anyone."

Vincente hastened towards his brother as he entered the room; went
close up to him, trembling with excitement; gripped both his arms in
his clawlike hands, and tilted his crimson face sideways to make a
close scrutiny of his brother's face, with his peering eyes. Then:

"Yes! Just look at him!" he sneered, stepping back and pointing to his
brother. "Do you see his face! He looks like a corpse, your

Nini, taken thus by assault, stood there in the middle of the room
staring at his brother and Don Jaco and Donna Fana, as though he had
lost his senses.

There was indeed depicted on his face, which as a rule expressed the
gentle, courteous goodness of his nature, a troubled anguish, and his
beautiful, dark, velvety eyes were tense with a black grief,
unconscious though they seemed.

When he learned what was required of him and with what object, he drew
himself up stiffly, waving his arms, with an expression of disgust.
Don Jaco on one side of him, Donna Fana on the other, tried to calm
him, to question him politely; but in vain: he wriggled from their
grasp, shaking his head, a stifled cry in his throat.

"But do at least tell us if there is any hope, to set your brother's
mind at rest!" Don Jaco cried to him finally, with clasped hands.

Nini gazed at him with a strange glare in his eyes. If there was no
longer any hope of calling Dianella back to sanity, to life, what
would he care about the ruin of his house, poverty, anything? Was it
really possible that anyone could hope for Dianella's recovery, only
for this, to save the house from ruin? That all his labour, his
torment should, to these people, be serving this purpose? Yes, they
were forcing him to fling his hope at them as a sop to placate their
fear of poverty! Very well, then, yes, there was still hope, there
was, there was....

And Nini, burying his face in his hands, burst out crying in shrill
convulsive sobs.


Flaminio Salvo had with great difficulty deciphered the letter he had
received from his sister Adelaide, whose handwriting, apart from the
vagaries of her spelling, almost always illegible, this time suggested
more than ever the furious scratchings of a hen.

It was all one long cry for help and threat of disaster, this letter,
punctuated with imprecations and exclamations of despair. He had
replied briefly and soothingly, telling her that he would soon be
coming to pay her a visit at Colimbetra, and that in the meantime she
must keep calm, as befitted a lady of her age and station.

A cold smile had hovered on his lips as he glanced, after perusing it,
at this sheet of paper, which was still seeking to annoy him. Gently
folding it up again he had begun to tear it slowly, along and across,
into smaller and smaller fragments, without thinking of what he was
doing, fallen into a profound abstraction of frowning gloom; finally,
he had looked down at the result of his handiwork on the writing
table: all that heap of tiny scraps of paper.

Who could say whether the sheet of paper had not been suffering, at
being torn up like that, reduced to all those little scraps....

He had been left with a burning sensation in the balls of his
forefinger and thumb, which had grown heated in this work of
destruction, without his knowing it; of their own accord, from a lust
for destruction.

Ah, to be able to tear to shreds, like that, without thinking, life as
a whole: to fold it in four, like a sheet of paper soiled with stupid
writing, and tear it along and across, ten, twenty, thirty times,
piece by piece, slowly.

With a groan he had scattered over the writing table and floor all
those scraps of paper, and had risen from his chair.

Looking out from the balcony window at the familiar, unchanging
expanse of country; at the two breakwaters of Porto Empedocle in the
distance, stretching out to sea, down there, like a pair of arms; at
the dark blots made by steamers at anchor, and picturing to himself
the industry of all those people down there in his service, loading
the sulphur from his pits, heaped up on the beach, he had felt himself
stifled by all the worries, all the thought that for years past had
been inflicted upon him by that industry, which now was superfluous to
him, necessary to so many, who derived from it the means of providing
for their wretched daily needs, and of facing the hardships, the
griefs that were interwoven with their lives and the life of every
man. And it had occurred to him that he, a satiated and exhausted man,
with the nausea of satiety and the helplessness of exhaustion,
remained there, as though pinned to the ground, to let himself be
devoured by all those restless, hungry creatures, none of whom
mattered to him in the least degree. But could he possibly have
prevented this? His work, the work of his whole lifetime, had assumed
a bodily form outside himself, and lay there for the benefit of
others. Could that expanse of country prevent a multitude of men from
breaking its surface with hoe and plough, planting trees in it and
gathering their fruit? So it was now with him. And, like the earth, he
felt no joy in the work that other people were doing upon him to
gather his fruit; nor could they, however much they walked over him,
bear him company, penetrate, break his solitude, which had acquired
the insensibility of stone.

He felt only an immense boredom with everything, which crushed in him
the will to liberate himself, and was now capable only of moving his
fingers, unconsciously, as they had moved just now, to do harm to a
sheet of paper. But everything, now, for him, had the value of that
sheet of paper; and he must allow his fingers, his fingers at least to
do something, of their own accord, since his boredom set them in
motion. Had they turned savagely upon himself, he would have allowed
them to tear him, in the same way....

Was that really so? And was he not pretending the unconsciousness of
his fingers when they tore up his sister's letter, so as to be able to
assure himself that it was _in the same way_ that he had torn up,
after his return to Girgenti, certain other letters, as soon as he
caught sight of them in the drawers of the writing table, or in the
pigeonholes in front of him? Certain letters that bore the signature
of Nicoletta Capolino?

Actually, no: the images of Aurelio Costa and Nicoletta Capolino had
never come and planted themselves in front of him, so that he might
repel them with a _logical_ smile, furnishing his reasons and pointing
out to them the reasons that they required, if they wished to
persecute him with remorse. Their persecution was more irritating than
any other, because it was not apparent. It was not apparent, for this
reason, as plain and solid and weighty as a tombstone: that they
themselves, he in his own blindness, she from a personal motive of her
own, had deliberately sought their death.

And yet.... And yet, beneath this reason, which buried them, which
rendered them invisible to him, they, in a manner which he found
himself unable to define, were... not present, no, never that; rather
continuously absent: but by their very absence, yes, that was it, they
were persecuting him. They were both of them there, with Dianella, in
the absence of her reason. He did not see them, but yet he could feel
them in the meaningless words, in the vacuous gaze and smile of his
daughter. And then, to him. too, irresistibly, as though from his
bowels wrung with exasperation, there came to his lips words devoid of
meaning, unprompted by anything; strange vague words, which altered
his face to suit each of the various expressions that they contained
in themselves, on their own account, absolutely detached from his
consciousness and hearing no relation to his actual state.

And so, to-day, to carry on the fiction of his unconsciousness, after
tearing up his sister's letter, he had gone on to utter, in the same
way, inconsequent words:

"What will serve... what will serve..." Except that, after a while, he
had given a rational cloak to the fiction, which struck even him as
too obvious:

"What will serve... yes. I have to light a cigar? I am served by a
match. Here is the cigar ... there is the match: in themselves, two
separate things; but made to satisfy my desire to smoke. First one,
then the other, I light them and destroy them.... To think of all the
matches I have struck in my life! Too many.... And all my work has
gone up in smoke! A pity, because I have not attained my object... but
I wanted a good marriage for my daughter, so as at least to set a
crown... yes! a princely crown ... upon all my labours and struggles.
'A princely crown!... Smoke? Vanity? Ah, but that compensation at
least for the death of my little boy! Vanity, of course it was, if
fate chose to deprive me of all reason for thinking of more serious
matters, and left me with one poor girl, with the shadow of her
mother's madness brooding over her. And now... now... I suppose I am
serving to satisfy somebody's desire to smoke...."

Why, of course, yes: had he not opened the door of his house to that
stupid, harmless fellow De Vincentis? And had left his daughter alone
with him: like that, to try the experiment! And if he should cure her,
with those handsome, almond-shaped, velvety eyes, with his gentle,
ladylike ways, why, Don Jaco Pacia, sitting at this very writing
table, as lord and master, would in a few years have consumed in smoke
all his bank notes, and his securities, and sulphur pits and land and
houses and factories.

"What will serve... what will serve..."

This complaint from his sister Adelaide, however, no, it really was
too much. What did she want from him? Was she not well enough off
where she was? There were thorns? Oh, my dear woman! And she expected
him to produce the roses? With all those "troops" providing an escort
for her; with those portraits of the Bourbon Kings there to protect
her, why, she ought to be happy and contented.... If only he had been
in her place!

Now that he had failed in everything, the mere thought of seeing Don
Ippolito again, and of talking to him, had become insufferably
oppressive. How was he to endure, in the stark nakedness of his
desolate spirit, without a shred of illusion left to cover it, the
sight of that man so carefully composed and dressed up and adorned
with the trappings of nobility? It seemed to him now incredible that
he could have given a moment's serious thought to such a way of
attaining his object. ... Poor Adelaide! She had been the one to
suffer.... Still, after all! The villa was most comfortable, and the
surroundings were charming; with a little patience and good will, she
would be able to put up with the boredom of a man who was not
precisely her natural affinity....

It was in this frame of mind that he went down, two days later, to

The smile that rose to his lips as he passed through the gate, at the
salute from the men on guard, still in military attire, though no
longer armed, did not fade from them once during the whole of his

With a smile he listened, beneath the columns of the porch, to the
reply vouchsafed by Captain Sciaralla, that the fire-arms, no Sir, had
not been handed over to the authorities, but had been put away for
safety; with a smile he received Liborio's invitation to take a seat
in the drawing-room, and, a moment later, the whirlwind inrush of his
sister Adelaide and her first breathless questions, broken by sobs, as
to Dianella.

"Mah... she is taking a love-cure," was his answer.

And he smiled at his sister's almost ferocious astonishment at this
calm reply.

"You laugh?... Then she may be cured?"

"Cured.... Let us hope so! She is having good treatment...."

He smiled even more at the reproaches which Donna Adelaide heaped upon
him in an aggressive outburst, and then at her description of all her
troubles, all her sufferings and ill treatment, which she called
"having her face trampled upon," on the part of her husband.

"Beware, Flaminio!" his sister adjured him at one point, seeing him
still smile like that. "Beware! I am going to do something mad!"

He looked at her for a moment, and then spread out his arms.

"But why? If you don't mind my saying so, you look the picture of

At this retort, his sister fled from the room, as though to put her
threat into effect without a moment's delay.

And then, as he waited for the Prince to enter, for the second scene,
he smiled at the portraits of the two Kings of Naples and Sicily, who
were gazing down at him with the most serious expressions from the
wall of the room.

Don Ippolito, with a clouded countenance, and inwardly in great
anxiety as to the fate of his son, of whom he had heard nothing more,
entered the room, equally disinclined for this encounter, from which
the only good result that he could promise himself would certainly he
obtained at the cost of a scandal, after the nauseating unpleasantness
of vulgar explanations. But his face cleared at the sight of the smile
upon his brother-in-law's lips. He interpreted it as meaning that two
men, like themselves, could not and should not attach any importance
to the ready tears, to the momentary impulses of a woman, whom their
manly generosity could and should instinctively pity.

And so Don Ippolito smiled too, but a melancholy smile, as he shook
his brother-in-law's hand; and, continuing to smile, spoke to him
soothingly, and in that tone of masculine superiority, of his regret
at the differences that had arisen between his wife and himself,
because it was taking a long time... oh, a long time, alas, to bring
their respective sentiments and thoughts into harmony, since she
refused to understand the reasons for which...

"But really, Prince!" Salvo tried to interrupt him.

"No, no," Don Ippolito insisted. "Because I highly appreciate the
sentiment that has moved her to ask me for what I cannot allow her. I
sympathize, believe me, with all my heart, in your tragedy, and..."

"But, I tell you, it would be useless, everything else apart, for her
to be there!" said Salvo, to make an end of the matter.

And greatly to the relief of each, they began to discuss another
subject, namely the serious events of the day. Except that, then, the
Prince was disconcerted by seeing that the smile still remained upon
his brother-in-law's lips, while he was so heatedly expressing his
indignation, whether at the outrageous measures adopted by the
Government, or at the arrogance of the populace. What would have been
his stupefaction if, suddenly breaking off the conversation and asking
Flaminio Salvo why he went on smiling in that way, he had received the

"Why?... Ah.... Because at this moment I am thinking that Colimbetra
enjoys, among others, the great convenience of being close to the
cemetery, so that you, presently, when you die, will have the signal
advantage of being buried a few yards away, without having to go
through the town, even in your coffin."

But he remembered that the Prince had built, in his own grounds, and
actually in the grove of oranges and pomegranates from which the
estate took its name, a mausoleum comparable to that of Theron, and he
felt a keen curiosity to go out and see it. As soon as he had a
chance, he cut short this conversation also and suggested to his
brother-in-law that they should take a stroll in the grove.

Donna Adelaide took advantage of this opportunity to send Pertichino
post haste to Girgenti to deliver a note to the Honourable Deputy
Ignazio Capolino: _8.P.M. (sue pregiatissime mani_).

When, as night was falling, Flaminio Salvo returned home, upon his
opening the door of'the room in which Dianella spent most of her time,
watched by her old housekeeper and by a trained nurse, he had the
surprise of finding his daughter with her arms round the neck of Nini
De Vincen-tis, her eyes, which were just visible over the young man's
shoulder, sparkling with happiness, beneath her unkempt hair-, and her
hands clasped tightly in the embrace.

"Dianella... Dianella..." he called to her, with a note of anxiety in
his voice, hoping to learn that she was cured.

But Nini De Vincentis, turning his head with an effort and revealing a
face convulsed with bitter anguish, answered him despairingly:

"She calls me Aurelio...."



ON his return from that pilgrimage to Rome from which he had promised
himself that he would bring back to Valsania so joyous an illumination
of glorious dreams for his declining days, Mauro Mortara, after his
visit to Donna Caterina Laurentano on her deathbed, moving with
lowered head, without even venturing to glance to right or left, as
though he were afraid of being laughed at by the trees, to which for
years past he had talked of his adventures, of the greatness and power
that had accrued to the country from the work of his old comrades in
conspiracy, in exile, in battle, had taken refuge in his own room in
the basement, as a wild beast, mortally wounded, slinks to its lair.

In vain had Don Cosmo, for about a week, tried to arouse him, to make
him speak, moved by his own disconsolate pity for all those who
deliberately shunned the remedy which he himself had found to cure
every ill. To his insistent requests that Mauro should at least come
upstairs to the villa for dinner and supper, the other had replied,
with a shrug:

"Corpo di Dio, can't you leave me alone?"

"What will you eat?"

"My hands, I can gnaw them! Go away!"

In a swifter and more abrupt fashion, on the day after his return, he
had replied to the pigeons, which during his absence had been
assembled twice daily, at the appointed hours, by the curatolo,
Ninfa's Vanni: "Bang! Bang!" a couple of shots in the air; and had
dispersed them in fluttering confusion. Nor had he given any better
reception to the welcome offered him by the three mastiffs, almost mad
with joy at seeing him again.

The placid immobility of the old things in the room, which, steeped
all of them in a sort of animal odour, seemed to be waiting for him to
resume his normal existence among them, had aroused in him a fierce
irritation: he would have liked to seize in both hands the straw
mattress, which was rolled up in a corner, and fling it out of doors,
with the boards and trestles that supported it, and out with that
broken olive-press, and out with the chairs and boxes and halters and
saddles and paniers. The only things that he had been glad to see
again were the marks on the wallof the spittle, yellow with chewed
tobacco, which, as he lay on his bed, he was in the habit of
ejaculating in the faces of the enemies of his country, Sanfedisti and

Again and again, the lure of old memories had tried to recapture him;
again and again, seen through the open door, the long rows of vines,
interspersed with the now budding poplars, in the awed silence of
certain hours full of immemorial abandonment, had for a moment
reconstructed the remote vision of that world, through which, until a
short time ago, he used to wander on cloudless days, bursting with
pride, like a god, stroking his beard. Suddenly, every time, the
spirit that was already on its way, fascinated, towards that vision,
had been drawn back by the harsh, angry buzz of a hornet which, coming
into the room, recalled him forcibly to the present and broke the
charm and shattered the vision.

What was he to do? How could he picture himself any longer in these
spots that bore witness to his past exaltation? How could he hope any
more for the healing peace of the country, when he knew that the whole
of Sicily was turned upside down and all those vile renegades were
rising to overthrow and destroy the work of their elders?

For years past, all his thoughts, all his sentiments, all his dreams
had consisted in memories of that work and in satisfaction at its
accomplishment. How could he find any rest, with the knowledge that
it was threatened and on the point of destruction? In spite of the
consideration due to his age, in spite of the seductive charm of his
old, peaceful habits, he saw himself obliged by his ingenuous logic to
admit that it was a debt of honour binding upon all those who like
himself wore the medals on their breasts, as a reward for that work,
to rally now in its defence.

"The old National Guard! The Old Guard! Fall in, all the veterans!"

And finally, in a moment of more intense excitement, he had tottered
like a blind man, for shelter and for counsel, to the General's
camerone, in which, hitherto, he had not had the heart to set foot.

As soon as he was inside, he had burst out sobbing, and without
venturing to open the shutters of the windows and the balcony doors,
which he had barred with loving care before setting out for Rome, had
remained for a long time in the darkness, his face buried in his
hands, weeping upon the dusty and dilapidated sofa. Gradually, the
roar, the zest of the band of lions, the conspirators of Forty-Eight,
who used to assemble there, in that room, round the old General, came
back to him and made him ashamed of his tears; the ghosts of those
lions, terribly indignant, had risen up round him and called to him to
go in haste, yes, yes, to go in haste, old as he was, and prevent with
the other old men who still survived the destruction of their country.

In the darkness, from a corner of that room, the melancholy stuffed
leopard, minus an eye, had been unable to make him see all the cobwebs
that fastened it to the wall, all the dust that had fallen upon its
skin, spotted now, in addition to its natural markings, with many
patches of mould! And Mauro Mortara had emerged with a terrible glare
in his eyes, red and swollen with weeping, and had all but sprung upon
Don Cosmo, who, happening to pass along the corridor, had stopped
first of all in astonishment, seeing him in this state, and stared at
him, and had then tried to restrain and calm him.

"If I didn't know that your mother was a saint, I should call you a
bastard!" Mauro had shouted at him, almost clawing his face with his

Don Cosmo had not moved a muscle, except to smile sadly, shaking his
head, in token of commiseration; and had asked him where he proposed
to go, against whom he proposed to fight at his age.

Mauro had made off without answering. And, downstairs, in his room in
the basement, had actually begun to make preparations for departure.
At his age? Sangue della Madonna, what had age to do with it? Who dare
speak of age, to him! Where did he propose to go? He did not know.
Armed to the teeth, ready for any provocation, he would go up to
Girgenti, to discuss and arrange some plan of campaign with the other
veterans, Marco Sala, Celauro, Trigona, Mattia Gangi, who surely, if
the blood still flowed in their veins, must feel, as he did, the need
to arm themselves and rally in defence of their common handiwork. If
their enemies were united, banded in Fasci, why could not they unite,
band themselves in a Fascio of their own, of the Old Guard? The troops
were not sufficient; civilians must give them solid support, forcibly
disband these Fasci, scatter all these dogs with powder and shot, if
need be. The priests were certainly behind them, secretly fomenting
them; and France too, France too, it was said, was sending money, on
the sly, to dismember Italy and set the Pope back on his throne in
Rome. And, for all one knew, once the revolution had broken out, she
would try to land a force from Tunis in Sicily. How could he stay
there with folded hands, without even attempting to defend the
country, without even shewing his face to his old comrades and saying
to them: "Here I am!" He must be off, be off at once!

Only, little by little, his zeal had become entangled, as in a
spider's web, by all the relics of his adventurous life, exhumed from
old boxes and drawers and threadbare, patched sacks, and parcels
wrapped in faded paper, tightly tied with string. His plan was to make
a selection, and to carry away with him as many as he could of the
more precious. Confused, stunned, baffled by the memories that each
one of them called to life, after a time his head had begun to swim
and he had been obliged to stop. No, it was not possible to free
himself so precipitately from all these bonds. And he had put off his
departure until the following day.

All that night he had remained out of doors, wandering about, a prey
to hallucinations. The voice of the sea was that of the General; the
shadowy trees were the ghosts of the old conspirators of Valsania; and
all alike kept on urging him to start. Yes, to-morrow, to-morrow; he
would go out and face those cut-throats; they would overpower him and
kill him; but yes, such was his desire, if the work of destruction was
to be completed! What further value would his medals have, otherwise?
He must die for them and with them! And he would pin them to his
breast, to-morrow, before setting out to confront the new enemies of
his country. For Sicily must not be dishonoured, no, no, she must not
be dishonoured in the eyes of the other regions of Italy, which had
united to make her great and glorious!

On the following day, with his huge shaggy cap on his head, staggering
under his load of papers and relics, his four medals on his breast,
the knapsack on his back and armed to the teeth, he had appeared
before Don Cosmo to take leave of him. And he would doubtless have
gone, had not Don Cosmo been supported in his efforts to detain him by
Don Leonardo Costa, who had arrived from Porto Empedocle.

Having left Salvo's employ, after his son's death, and having relapsed
to the ill paid and uncertain position of a foreman at the weighhouse,
Leonardo Costa had accepted, chiefly in the hope of escaping from his
own society, Don Cosmo's compassionate invitation to him to come over
every evening from Porto Empedocle to feed and sleep at Valsania. The
way was neither short nor easy, in the dark, on moonless evenings,
along the railway line with its uneven ballast of rocks. Since his
bereavement, a mortal weariness had made his legs as heavy as bars of
lead. More than once he had seen the train bear down upon him; more
than once he had been tempted to throw himself under the wheels and
make an end of things. When there was no work to be found down on the
shore, he would go up to the villa early, and through this channel,
for some time past, news had been reaching Valsania without delay.

Had he not, that day, brought the tidings that the army corps had
landed at Palermo, and would be certain, in the twinkling of an eye,
to crush and scatter the revolt, neither he nor Don Cosmo would have
been able to restrain Mauro from going.

To calm him still further, there had next come the news of the
proclamation of the state of siege and of the order to disarm. Never
for an instant had it entered his mind that this order to hand over
arms could possibly refer to himself, or that he could run the risk of
being arrested, if he went up to the town armed. His arms were on the
same footing as the soldiers'; the permission to bear them was
conferred on him by his medals. The effect upon his spirit of the
latest news brought by Costa had been like the effect upon a forest
already swept by a tempest of a rapid alternation of sunshine and
clouds. It had cleared slightly, when he learned that in Rome Roberto
Auriti had been released from prison, although only upon bail, and
that his brother Giulio had returned to Rome taking with him his
sister and her son; and had darkened again at the unexpected
revelation, that Laudino, the General's grandson, the inheritor of his
name, was among the ring-leaders of the rising, and had fled from
Palermo, after the proclamation of the state of siege, to escape

After this information, he had taken to eyeing Leonardo Costa with a
savage frown, as soon as he saw him arrive tired and breathless from
Porto Empedocle.

His thirst for knowledge had to contend with the angry fear that the
man was coming, light-heartedly, to make some announcement that would
once more oblige him to arm himself and set forth from Valsania. Since
he had been on the point of doing so, he had known by experience what
it would cost him to sever himself from the place, to tear himself
away from all the memories that bound him to it, to relinquish the
custody of the camerone, his vineyard, his pigeons, the trees that for
so many years had listened to his discourses.

But Leonardo Costa, warned by his fury on the former occasion, knew
now what news was for him, what for Don Cosmo and Donna Sara Alaimo.
He had allowed the report ahont the Prince's son to escape him,
because he supposed that Manro already knew him to be a Socialist and
would naturally be pleased to hear that he had managed to escape.

The last piece of news that Costa was to bring, and brought piping
hot, arrived amid the lightning, wind and rain of an infernal night.

Mauro had prepared the supper, in the place of Donna Sara, who had
been in bed for the last two days with a severe chill; and he was
waiting in the dining-room with Don Cosmo for their guest who, perhaps
because of the bad weather, was late in coining. This delay irritated
him, not so much because he was hungry as because he was afraid that
the supper might be spoiled. He had always put his heart into
everything that he did, and among all the many memories that gave him
satisfaction was that of how he had made the English "lick their
fingers," when he was cook, first on board ship and then at
Constantinople. One of the reasons for his hatred of Donna Sara was
precisely the malicious joy that she had displayed upon several
occasions at the utter failure of sundry lessons in cookery which he
had tried to teach her. Out of practice, and with a mind confused and
distracted by all his worries, he had been venturing for the last two
days with imperturbable courage upon the concoction of the most
complicated dishes, and had been poisoning their guest and poor Don

"What do you think of it?"

"Oh, it's delicious," was Don Cosmo's invariable answer. "Perhaps,
though, I haven't much appetite."

"To my mind," Costa hazarded, "I feel that it might be better with a
touch of salt."

"O Marasantissima," Mauro broke out, "here's the salt-cellar!"

Donna Sara had eaten nothing for two days.

Through the scream of the wind, the terrifying roar of the sea, the
lashing of the rain, they could hear her fits of coughing, her
lamentations and the prayers she repeated aloud. Evidently overcome by
a furious attack of religious mania, she had locked herself up in her
own little room and refused all offers of attention.

Now and again Don Cosmo, hearing her cough rather louder and longer
than usual, would go in haste to call to her through the door of her
room and to ask her if there was nothing she wished. Donna Sara's sole
reply was to shout back at him, as soon as she was able, in a choking

"Repent, you wicked devils!"

And she would go on shouting out Aves and Paternosters.

At length Leonardo Costa arrived, in a pitiable state, all blown about
by the wind, with the water running in streams from his cloak and
three inches of mud on his boots. He was completely out of breath, and
could not hold his head up, he was so tired. Mauro, by way of
medicine, made him gulp down a tumbler of wine immediately, meeting
his resistance with the usual exclamation:

"Oh Marasantissima, lasciatevi servire!"

Don Cosmo hurried him off to his bedroom and helped him to change his
coat, making him put on one of his own, which was extremely tight for
him, but at any rate was not wet. Meanwhile Mauro had brought in the
supper, and was calling from the dining-room:

"Holy devil, are you coming or aren't you?"

"When he saw them appear with their eyes starting out of their heads,
he became apprehensive and asked with a frown:

"What's the matter now?"

Neither of them answered him. Don Cosmo, instead, asked Costa:

"And Ippolito? Ippolito?"

"He was asleep," was the answer. "At three o 'clock in the morning! He
was asleep. But the story goes that when the sentry, who had been made
to open the gate, ran up to the villa to report. ..."

"Are you speaking of Don Landino?" Mauro interrupted him at this
point, thrusting himself furiously between them. "Tell me what has

"Don Landino, no!" replied Costa, a look of melancholy gaiety
appearing on his face. "They have dealt a finishing blow to that
gallant gentleman, who was down here for a month trampling on your
face! I know that you love him as dearly as I do!"


"The same!"

And Costa raised his foot as though to stamp on the neck of the fallen
man. He went on:

"His sister, the Prince's wife, ran away, last night, with the Deputy

"Ban away? How do you mean, ran away?"

"How, eh? It's quite simple.... He came to fetch her in a carriage,
and they went off in the middle of the night, by the three o'clock
train, to Palermo. Of course they had arranged it all beforehand...."

Don Cosmo, still staring in amazement, murmured quietly to himself:

"Poor Ippolito... poor Ippolito..."

"He's all right!" Mauro shouted in his face.

"What comes of mixing himself with people of that class," added Costa
with a grimace of disgust. "After all, you know, Si-don Cosmo, it is
mortifying, perhaps, I don't say it isn't.... It's a terrible scandal:
they are talking of nothing else at Girgenti and in the port.... But,
after all ... he wasn't even treating her as a wife... people say
they slept in different rooms and... if one's to listen to gossip...
the rascal is getting her as she was before her marriage....

"When the sentry went up to the villa to report their escape and the
servant went in to wake the Prince, they say he didn't even lift his
head from the pillow, and said to the servant: 'Indeed? A pleasant
journey to them! I shall remember to be annoyed about it in the
morning, when I get up....'"

Don Cosmo shook his head and his raised forefinger emphatically
several times, and put in:

"Ippolito never said that!"

"If you ask my opinion," Costa went on, sitting down to table with the
others, and beginning his supper, "what else could you expect him to
say? I am sorry for the Prince; but I am delighted, greatly delighted
at the scandal to her brother. ... Ah, Si-don Cosmo, I don't know
really why I go on living! I should like to save my soul, I swear to
you; I should like to give it time to forget its pain, so that, at
least in the hour of death, it might forgive him and rise to the
throne of God.... But no, Si-don Cosmo: the pain is too strong, and it
devours my soul; my hatred of him grows and becomes more furious from
day to day; and then I say to myself: Why not? Would it not be better
to kill first him and then myself, and to make an end?"

"Perhaps," Don Cosmo murmured, "you would be doing him a service...."

"That is just what keeps me from doing it!" exclaimed Costa. "Because I
should be doing myself a service as well!"

"Eat and stop crying!" Mauro shouted at him.

"Have patience, Don Mauro," Costa turned to him, forcing himself to
smile. "Your dishes, to my palate, always want just a touch of salt. A
few tears give a savour to them."

Don Cosmo, meanwhile, lost in thought, gazing attentively at a morsel
of meat speared on his suspended fork, was saying to himself:

"Like a pair of children...."

And amid her fits of coughing Donna Sara continued to shout from the
room beyond:

"Repent, you wicked devils! Repent!"

It will pass!

Suddenly, while the three at the table were finishing their supper,
from outside the house, where the wind and rain were still raging,
above the continuous roar of trees and sea, they heard the furious
barking of the mastiffs, which waited every evening on the steps for
their master to emerge after supper.

Mauro, knitting his brows, sat upright on his chair and listened
intently. The barks were a warning that there was somebody outside the
villa. And who could it be at that hour, and in such vile weather?
Confused shouts were heard. Mauro sprang to his feet, snatched up his
gun, which was standing in a corner of the room, and went to the front
door. Before opening it, he put his ear to the chink, and immediately,
hearing that down below, in front of the villa, the dogs were trying
to prevent several people from passing, who were shouting as they
defended themselves, blew out the light, flung the door open, and
through the violent hiss of the rain, in the pitch darkness, levelling
his gun, bellowed from the top of the steps:

"Who's there?"

A throb of sinister light illuminated the scene, vaguely, for an
instant. Mauro thought he could make out four or five men who, in
spite of a desperate resistance, were retreating before the assault of
the mastiffs.

"Mauro, perdio! These dogs! I shall kill one of them! I've been
shouting to you for the last three hours!"

"Don Landino?"

And Mauro, trembling with excitement, dashed down the steps, into the
gale, under the pelting rain.

"Where are you? Where are you?"

At the sound of their master's voice the dogs abandoned the assault,
without however ceasing to bark.


"You, here?" the old man cried, taking the dogs' place now in harring
the other's way. "Here? You, here? You have the audacity to seek
refuge here with your companions in infamy? I shan't let you in! Away
with you! This is four Grandfather's house! I shan't let you in!"

"Mauro, are you mad?"

"In the name of Gerlando Laurentano, begone! Away with you! Over
there, with your father, is the hiding-place for you and your
companions, not here! I shan't let you in!"

"Are you mad? Let me pass!" cried Lando, wrenching himself from the
grip of Mauro, who had seized him by the arm.

A light shone out at the head of the steps, to be extinguished at once
by the wind. And Don Cosmo, who had come hurrying to the door with
Costa, called from above:

"Landino! Landino!"

His nephew answered:

"Uncle Cosmo!" and, turning to his companions, "Come along up!"

Whereupon, "Don Landino!" Mauro warned him in a voice broken by
exasperation. "Do not set foot in your Grandfather's villa! If you do,
I go away for ever! Give thanks to God, that your name is Gerlando
Laurentano! It is only your name that keeps me from making a bonfire
of you and these carrion, sacks of dung, that you have brought with
you! Oh, indeed? So you're going in? God, for a thunderbolt, to
shatter the house and destroy the lot of you! Wait, here you are, take
this, complete your bold assault! I surrender the key to you!"

And the huge key of the camerone came clattering against the front
door as it closed again.

"He's mad! He's mad!" repeated, in the darkness, Lando, Don Cosmo,
Costa, searching in their pockets for matches with which to relight
the lamp, while Lando's companions, astounded at such a reception in
the sanctuary for which they had so yearned and which now at last they
had reached, inquired, breathless and puzzled:

"But who is he?"

"Really mad?"

"But why?"

When the lamp had been lighted, the five fugitives, Lando, Lino Apes,
Bixio Bruno, Cataldo Sclafani and Ingrao, appeared as though they had
been fished out of a torrent of mud. Cataldo Sclafani, with his
panic-stricken face, bristling already upon cheeks, lip and chin with
the beard that was beginning to sprout afresh, was the most pitiable
of them all: he looked like a terrified patient who had escaped by
night from a hospital that had been blown away by the storm.

For a moment there was a fusillade of curt questions and hurried
answers, interspersed with exclamations, sighs, and weary groans; and
one shook himself, another stamped his feet, another looked round for
a chair on which to fling himself down.

"Followed?" "No, no...." "Becognized?" "Perhaps!" "What's that?
No...." "Yes. ..." "Lando, perhaps...." "On foot! How on earth?" "For
three days!" "Torrents of rain!" "But how, I mean to say, you never
attracted attention?"

This last exclamation came--need it be said?--from Don Cosmo. He went
about repeating it to each of them in turn, struggling to concentrate
his thoughts in the general confusion, which made him scratch the hair
on his cheeks, with both hands.

"I mean to say... I mean to say.... How in the world? You never
attracted attention?"

And he might have gone on repeating the question all night, had not
the idea finally occurred to him that he ought to be offering some
sort of help to these young men. What sort of help?

"I know, come along next door!" he began to invite them, seizing first
one, then another by the arm. "Take your clothes off at once.... I
have things... things for all of you... in here, in my bedroom...
they're in the chest, come with me!"

Bixio Bruno and Ingrao, less bewildered and less tired than the
others, stoutly opposed this strange insistence.

"No, no! Let us stay as we are!" cried the former. "There's no time to
waste.... Is Porto Empedocle far from here?"

"Why, yes," exclaimed Lando, turning to his uncle. "Some one, a
trustworthy peasant, to send to Porto Empedocle at once, to hire a
boat... one of those big fishing boats..."

"Before the light comes, for heaven's sake!" pleaded Sclafani, coming
forward with his panic-stricken air. "We onght to be out at sea before
daybreak! We may have been recognized...."

"Go on! I tell you, no," Ingrao shouted at him.

"And I tell you, yes!" retorted Sclafani. "At Girgenti station, Lando,
I could swear, was recognized. ..."

Leonardo Costa observed that the hiring of a boat, in so ticklish a
situation, was not a task to be entrusted to a peasant.

"I can go myself, if you like! In fact, I will go this instant!"

"In this weather?" Don Cosmo asked, in a tone of distress. "Gentlemen,
do not be in such a hurry.... Take my advice, and get your clothes
off: you will catch your death.... D'you see ... here... this friend
of mine... d'you see? I made him change, just now.... There are
clothes... enough for everybody... in the chest, come and look!"

Costa, with a shrug of impatience, asked the young men:

"Would you like the boat to put in here, below! Valsania?"

"Yes, yes, here!" replied Lando. "No, uncle, for goodness sake, leave
me alone!"

"Take your things off, I tell you...."

"It is not prudent," Lando went on, turning to Costa, while his uncle
forcibly stripped him of his greatcoat, "it is not prudent to shew
ourselves at Porto Empedocle. By this time all the seaports are
certain to have received orders from Palermo for our arrest."

"But it will be difficult," Costa pointed out, "for a tartan to put in
below here, at night, in this heavy sea.... However; I am not backing
out.... We can try...."

And he went to fetch from the hall his big hooded cloak, still soaked
with the rain.

"Friends!" shouted Ingrao, "would it not be better to go with this
gentleman, while it is still night and no one can see us? We can
remain in hiding just outside the town, until he has hired the boat!"

This suggestion was overruled by a wise observation from Lino Apes:

"What do you mean? Do you suppose that a tartan can be hired in five
minutes, in the middle of the night and on a night like this? He will
have to find the skipper...."

"I know him!" Costa interrupted. "I know one who is a friend of mine,
absolutely to be trusted."

"And the crew?" asked Apes. "The skipper by himself is no use."

"Certainly! I shall have to find the crew as well," Costa admitted,
"and get the boat ready. ... It can't be done before daybreak."

"In that case, no!" Sclafani at once shouted, again stepping
impetuously forward. "At Porto Empedocle, by daylight, no! We shall
have to embark here!"

"In the meantime, I'm off!" said Leonardo Costa, who was already in
his cloak.

"My poor friend!" groaned Don Cosmo. "Must you really?"

Costa refused to listen to a word of either commiseration or thanks,
and ventured forth into the tempestuous darkness.

When Lando heard that he was the father of Aurelio Costa, who had been
barbarously murdered with the wife of the Deputy Capolino by the
sulphur workers of the Aragona Fascio, he looked darkly at Ingrao and
the rest. Misinterpreting this look, Bruno expressed, albeit
hesitatingly, the suspicion that he might be going to Porto Empedocle
to avenge himself, by denouncing them. Whereupon Don Cosmo, shaping
his lips, emitted his habitual laugh, a triple "Oh! Oh! Oh!"

"He?" he said; and explained the attitude and devotion of his poor
friend, who, laying the blame for his son's death entirely upon
Flaminio Salvo, had never given a moment's thought to the members of
the Aragona Fascio.

"Oh, by the way!" he went on, reminded by the name Salvo which had
come thus by chance to his lips. And he drew Lando aside to inform him
of Donna Adelaide's elopement.

"Like a schoolgirl, don't you know? At three o'clock in the morning!"

In the general hubbub, no one had paid any attention to the voice of
Donna Sara Alaimo who, imagining perhaps a genuine invasion by devils
on this night of tempest, kept repeating more furiously than ever,
from her little room far away at the end of the corridor:

"Repe-e-ent, you wicked devils!"

The strange cry rang out with a most startling effect in this
momentary silence, and everyone, except Don Cosmo, was staggered by
it; including Lando, staggered already on his own account by what his
uncle had just told him.

"Who is it?"

"Oh, nothing, Donna Sara!" was the answer, as though Lando and his
companions had known the old housekeeper of Valsania for years. "She's
driving me out of my wits, upon my word.... She has shut herself up
in her room for the last two days, shouting like that.... She is ill,
poor woman. Here, too...."

And he tapped his forehead.

Lando's four companions looked one another in the face. In what sort
of place had they landed after three days of desperate flight? The old
man had been declared mad, who had given them that warm welcome to
begin with; now this other old woman had been declared mad too; and
that the third was completely in his right mind who so confidently
declared the other two to be mad did not, in truth, appear to them any
too evident. Up to that moment, this uncle of Lando's, except for
their wet and muddy clothes, had shewn no anxiety.

Sure enough, "Haven't you changed yet?" Don Cosmo exclaimed in
surprise, after giving them this explanation of Donna Sara's cry; and
he hastened to open the chest in which his cast-off garments were
stored. "Here, here... take what you want.... I tell you, there's
enough for you all!"

The four young men could control their laughter no longer, and set to
work to help one another out of their rain-soaked garments.

"The only thing that matters just now, I assure you," said Don Cosmo,
"is, that you should not catch a chill. Laugh at me if you like, but
change your clothes."

That there was enough for them all proved, however, to be an
over-estimate. Lino Apes, not finding any garment left in the chest
for himself, came forward with the seminarist's cassock spread out on
his arms, as though he were carrying a child to the font:

"May I take this?"

"Why not? Ah, what is it, the cassock? Yes ... if it fits you...."

And he smiled at the laughter of the other four, who were awkwardly
struggling into the other garments, all of which emitted a pungent
smell of camphor. Cataldo Sclafani had arrayed himself in the frock
coat, and, as his head was aching, had tied round it, carter fashion,
a fine big yellow cotton handkerchief, with a red check.

Gradually youth took the upper hand. None of them thought any longer
of their defeat, of the uncertainty of the future. Jostled and chaffed
by his companions, Lino Apes, strait-jacketed in the seminarist's
cassock, hobbled to the kitchen to light the fire. They were hungry!
thirsty! But here Don Cosmo found himself at a nonplus: he barely knew
where the larder was; and as for the key, Mauro probably had it on

"The key?" cried Ingrao. "I know where it is!"

And he ran to pick up from the top of the steps outside the key that
Mauro had flung against the door, which had been left lying there.

Don Cosmo studied it thoughtfully.

"This?" he said. "No.... Why, what has happened? This is the key of
the camerone! Where did you find it?"

In the confusion he had not heard Mauro's final cry; and, when he
learned that the key had been hurled at Lando, he at once grew
pensive, and turning to his nephew:

"But in that case you will find... oh per Dio!" he exclaimed, "if he
threw the key at you, you will find that he really is going....
Perhaps he has gone already!"

"Gone? Where?" asked Lando, echoing the alarm and regret of his uncle.

"Who can tell?" sighed Don Cosmo. And he recounted briefly the
difficulty he had in keeping Mauro at home; then, as the other four
young men were laughing at the crazy ideas and sentiment of this
strange old man, he was obliged to tell them who Mauro was, what he
had done; what the camerone meant to him and what it contained.

"Indeed? A stuffed leopard too?"

And, stirred by curiosity, Lino Apes, Ingrao, Bruno, Sclafani, as soon
as Don Cosmo and Lando had gone in search of Mauro, retrieved the key
and went into the camerone.

Immediately below it was Mauro Mortara's room.

Don Cosmo and Lando, candle in hand, had gone into a secret chamber,
in the floor of which was a trap door communicating with the basement
of the villa; taking care to make no noise they had lifted the trap,
and gone down by the steep wooden stair, none too sound underfoot, to
the cellar; from it they had passed into the flour store; they had
next crossed two large, empty store-rooms, a dark closet heaped with
piles of old farming implements, and had arrived at an inner door
leading to Mauro's room.

As he bent down to look in, Lando saw a gleam of light beneath the

"Mauro!" Don Cosmo called, "Mauro!"

There was no reply.

Lando stooped again, to look through the keyhole.

There reached them from above the noise made by the other four, who
were chasing Lino Apes about the camerone in his seminarist's cassock,
and shouting and laughing.

Mauro Mortara, seated in front of a chest, which he had pulled out
from under his bed, was resting his arms upon the rim of the raised
lid, his face being hidden between them.

"What is happening? What is he doing?" Don Cosmo asked.

Lando shook his fist angrily at the ceiling, which rang with the din
that his friends were making. He felt, together with a bitter
resentment at them and at himself, a keen remorse for the wounding
insult to the sentiments of his dear old man, and a heartrending grief
at not being able at that moment to add his own affectionate appeal to
his uncle's.

"What is he doing?" the latter again inquired, lowering his voice.

What it was that Mauro was doing, with his face hidden thus between
his arms, was indicated unmistakably by the medals which, pinned to
his breast and left dangling by the position in which he was sitting,
could be heard shaking every now and then. He was crying... yes...
that was it... he was crying... and he had on his shoulders that
absurd knapsack, which Lando had seen him wearing in Rome.

"Mauro!" Don Cosmo called to him again.

At this repeated summons, Lando, his eye still pressed to the keyhole,
saw him raise his head and remain for a while listening, without
however turning to face the door; he then saw him rise and dash across
to the table.

"He has put out the light," he told his uncle, as he rose from his
stooping posture.

They both stood there for a while listening, wondering when they would
hear Mauro open the door. They realized then that they were so to
speak prisoners: they had not the keys either of the store-rooms, or
of the flour store or of the cellar, and would therefore be obliged to
return upstairs, if they were to prevent him from going; they must act
quickly, so as not to give him time to get out of reach. But not a
sound came from his room.

Don Cosmo made a sign to his nephew to go upstairs again, in silence.
When they were in the nearer of the two store-rooms, he stopped and
said in a whisper:

"In any case, if he is determined to go, neither you nor I can prevent
him by force. Perhaps he will come back, when you people are gone, and
his anger has cooled."

Lando looked at his old uncle, whom he barely knew, in that huge
store, over which the light of the candle projected, monstrously
enlarged, the shadows of their bodies, and received the impression
that a strange, unimagined reality was suddenly presenting itself to
his gaze, with the queer inconsequence of a dream. For some time past
he had ceased to perceive any reason for his actions, all of which
left behind them a train of discomfort, a bitter taste of humiliation;
but now more than ever, face to face with the reality, so strangely
distinct, of this uncle of his, detached from life, in this lonely old
house in the country, standing before him, in this empty store-room,
with that candle in his hand. He was tempted to blow it out, as Mauro,
a moment ago, had blown out the light in his own room, on the other
side of the closed door. He heard the sound of the wind, the roar of
the sea: outside was tempestuous darkness; including that of the fate
which lay in store for him. It was essential that he should, in that
darkness, at all costs, absolutely, find a reason for action, in which
all his uneasiness should be set at rest, all the uncertainties of his
intellect should cease to torment him. But what? When? Where?

"It will pass," said Don Cosmo a little later, the corners of his
mouth drooping, his brow furrowed as though by waves of thought driven
inwards by the ebb tide of his disconsolate wisdom, and with that look
in his eyes which seemed to banish and scatter in the void of time all
the bitter and irritating contingencies of life. "It will pass, my
dear people... it will pass...."

The four young men had discovered the larder by themselves, and, since
the door was open, had brought to the table all that they required;
now, after they had eaten and quenched their thirst, they were making
desperate efforts to struggle against the longing for sleep that had
suddenly descended upon their eyelids.

Don Cosmo's exclamation was a reply to the account they had given,
some with brooding bitterness, others with angry resentment and Lino
Apes with his customary wit, of the recent tumultuous happenings.
Looking upon them as already far remote in time, Don Cosmo was unable
to discern either their meaning or their object. His aspect, to
Lando's eyes, suggested the same feeling that we derive from the
inanimate objects that look on, impassive, at the transience of human

"Did you see the leopard?"

"Yes, a beauty... a beauty..." growled Ingrao, burying his face, with
the deformity of his dark birthmark, between his arms, which were
resting upon the table.

"That was a live leopard once!"

Lino Apes opened his eyes and inquired, with a show of terror:

"A man-eater?"

"I tell you," Don Cosmo went on, "because now, my dear friends, it is
stuffed with wadding. And that letter from my father? Did you read
it? A faded sheet of paper.... And a living hand wrote it, like this
hand of mine, like yours. ... What is it now? That poor madman has
put it in a frame.... Louis Napoleon... the _Coup d'Etat_... events in

He pressed his finger-tips together and waved his hands in the air, as
much as to say: "What is left of them now? What meaning have they?"

"Realities of a moment... nonsense..."

He rose; went across to the balcony window, which for some time now
had been making no noise, and turned to his nephew:

"Do you hear how still it is?" he said. "I give you the comforting
intelligence that the wind has ceased...."

"Ceased?" asked Cataldo Sclafani, raising with a jerk from his arms,
for he too had been sprawling over the table, his panic-stricken face,
like a sick man's in convalescence, with the yellow handkerchief
pulled down over his forehead. "That's good.... We shall embark
here.... Good night!"

And he settled down again to sleep.

"So it is with everything..." sighed Don Cosmo, beginning to pace up
and down the room; and went on, coming to a standstill at intervals:
"One thing only is sad, my friends: to have understood the game! I
mean the game played by that frolicsome devil whom each of us has
inside him, and who diverts himself by representing to us outside
ourselves, as reality, what, a moment later, he himself reveals to us
as our own illusion, laughing at us for the efforts we have made to
secure it, and laughing at us also, as has been my case, for not
having had the sense to delude ourselves, since outside these
illusions there is no other reality.... And so, do not complain! Wear
yourselves out and torment yourselves, without thinking that all this
never comes to any conclusion. If it does not come to a conclusion,
that is a sign that it ought not to come to a conclusion, and that it
is idle therefore to seek a conclusion. We must live, that is to say
delude ourselves; allow the frolicsome devil to play his game in us,
until he grows tired of playing it; and remember that all this will
pass... will pass...."

He looked round the table and drew Lando's attention to his sleeping

"In fact, you see? It has passed already...."

And he left him there by himself, at the table. Lando gazed at the
awkward uncomfortable attitudes of his friends, their ludicrous
attire, their tired and worn faces, and envied them their ability to
sleep and at the same time despised it. They had been able to joke;
now they were able to sleep, forgetting that the disorders provoked by
their preaching to a people oppressed by so many acts of injustice,
but still deaf and blind, were now furnishing the Government with an
excuse to trample once again upon this land, which alone, without
making terms, with a generous impulse had given itself to Italy and in
reward had received nothing but poverty and neglect. They were able to
sleep, these friends of his, forgetful of the blood of all their
victims, forgetful of their comrades who had fallen into the hands of
the police, who undoubtedly, in the course of the next few days, would
be sentenced by the military courts.

He rose from the table also; went out to the entrance hall, meaning to
emerge into the open, to breathe a mouthful of fresh air, to free
himself from his painful oppression, now that the wind and rain had
ceased. But with his hand on the door he stopped, overcome by the
odour of immemorial life that brooded over this villa, in which his
grandfather had lived, in which with that desolate sense of
precariousness this uncle of his allowed his joyless days to pass to
no profit, in which Mauro Mortara.... Suddenly, at the thought of his
old friend, whom he had cruelly uprooted, in his declining days, from
this dwelling, which the cult of so many memories rendered sacred to
him, he started: nothing else made him feel such contempt and shame
for his own work and the work of his comrades as this latest effect of
it: the driving away from Valsania of its old guardian, he who for
some time past had impressed him as the purest incarnation of the old
Island spirit; and he ran down the steps to try to placate him, to cry
aloud to him that he was sorry, and to force him to remain.

The door of Mauro's room stood open; the room itself was in darkness
and empty.

On the threshold the three mastiffs stood hesitating and bewildered.
They did not bark. In fact, they gathered anxiously round him,
pricking their pointed ears, wagging their stumpy tails, as though
they were asking him why their master, whom they had followed as they
followed him every night, after a certain distance had turned and
driven them back, had rudely dismissed them: why?

>From a balcony at the end of the house came Don Cosmo's voice:

"Has he gone?"

"Yes," said Lando.

Don Cosmo said nothing more. In the black darkness, solemn and
portentous, of the still troubled night, he stood listening to the
crashing of the sea against the cliffs of Valsania and the barking of
dogs, near and far; then, placing his hand on his bald head, he fixed
his gaze upon a few stars, nailheads of the mystery, as he called
them, that appeared in a clear patch of sky, among the ragged clouds.


Without heeding the mud on the road, in which his iron-shod boots
floundered and splashed; his eyes overshadowed by his beetling brows
and almost closed; his whole face contorted with anger; a burning pain
in his heart and his mind possessed by a darkness blacker than that of
the night through which he was trudging, Mauro Mortara was, by this
time, more than a mile from Valsania.

He was walking through a night still troubled by the last mutterings
of the storm, buffeted now and again by an icy squall, which splashed
in his face the drops that fell from the trees overhanging the walls
on either side of the road. He stooped as he went, walking with bowed
head, his-gun slung over his shoulder, the brace of pistols at his
hips, a dagger with a leather sheath in his belt, his knapsack on his
back, his fleecy cap on. his head and his medals on his breast.

He was going up in the direction of Girgenti; but he meant to go
farther, to leave the road at a certain point and take to the railway
line; to pass through a short tunnel, come out in Val Sollano, and
there, just before he reached the station, turn off along another road
to Favara, where, on a small farm beyond the village, lived a peasant
nephew of his, the son of his sister who had died years before, who
had more than once offered him a home in the event of his being
obliged by ill-health to retire from Valsania,

He was going there, to this nephew,--but he preferred not to think
about it.

His head, his heart were still battered, crushed and torn by the
trampling feet of those young men who, as a supreme outrage, had gone
in to profane the General's camerone, while he, in his own room below,
was preparing for his departure. He refused to think or to feel
anything more; to form any picture in his mind of the days that
remained to him.

Gradually, however, his battered heart, stung by the gadfly thought
that perhaps this nephew had offered him a home because he expected to
inherit untold wealth from him, began to stir within him and to swell
with injured pride.

Only in his young days, and from the hands of the General, before his
departure into exile at Malta, had he received a Avage. Since his
return to Valsania, after the storm-tossed vicissitudes of his roving
life, at sea, in Turkey, in Asia Minor, in Africa, and after the
campaign of 1860, he had always given his services there,

And now, at seventy-eight, he was leaving the place as poor as a
church mouse, without a penny in his pocket, his sole wealth those
medals on his breast.

But just because this was all the wealth that he had amassed by the
work of a lifetime,--"Fool," he could say to this nephew, "you are the
owner of three rods of land; and if you take one step beyond them you
are no longer upon your own ground; I, on the other hand, stand here,
always on my own ground, wherever I set my foot, throughout the length
and breadth of Sicily! Because I have scoured the Island from end to
end to liberate her from the tyrant who was keeping her enslaved!"

Given this start, his exaltation increased every moment, fomented on
the one hand by his grief at having severed himself for ever from
Valsania, and on the other by the need to fill up, by recalling all
the memories that could bring him comfort, the void that he saw before

He laughed and talked to himself aloud and waved his arms, without
heeding where he was going: he laughed at the metals of the railway
line, at the telegraph poles, fruits of the Revolution, and beat his
breast and said:

"What do I care? I... I... Sicily... Oh Marasantissima... I tell you
Sicily.... If it had not been for Sicily.... If Sicily had not
chosen... Sicily moved and said to Italy: 'Here I am! I am coming to
join yon! Do you move down from Piedmont with your King, I shall come
up from here with Garibaldi, and we shall join forces in Rome! Let us
see who can get there first!' And who would have got there first? Oh
Marasantissima, I know; Aspromonte, reasons of State, I know! But
Sicily wished to be the first, from here... always Sicily.... And now
a handful of scoundrels have tried to dishonour her. ... But Sicily
is here, here, here with me.... Sicily, who does not let herself be
dishonoured, is here with me!"

He found himself, of a sudden, at the mouth of the short tunnel that
comes out in Val Sellano, and was amazed that he had reached it so
quickly, without knowing how; before entering the tunnel, he looked up
at the sky to see by the stars what o 'clock it was. It appeared to be
about three. By daybreak perhaps he would be at Favara.

Having passed through the tunnel and come within sight of Girgenti
station, at the point where the road turns off to the big village
among the sulphur pits, he was obliged to halt, to wait for the
passing of two companies of soldiers who, silent, breathless, at a
forced pace, were making a night march in that direction. From the
railwayman on duty he learned that, notwithstanding the proclamation
of the state of siege, at Favara all the members of the disbanded
Fascio, earlier in the evening, had arranged a meeting in the market
place and had attacked and set fire to the Municipio, the nobles'
club, the toll houses, that the fires and rioting still continued, and
that already several people had been killed and many injured.

"Indeed? Indeed?" Mauro muttered. "Still?"

And he tore himself from the arms of the railwayman, who was trying to
hold him back, seeing him thus armed, to save him from the risk to
which he was exposing himself of being arrested by the soldiers.

"I, by the soldiers of Italy?"

And he ran on to overtake them.

An impetuous, frantic joy restored his strength, which was beginning
to flag; gave back their youthful vigour to his old legs that had
marched with Garibaldi; his excitement turned to delirium; he actually
felt at that moment that he was Sicily, the old Sicily that was
uniting herself with the soldiers of Italy, in the common defence,
against her new enemies.

His feet ate up the road, keeping a few paces in rear of the two
companies, who at a certain point, at a word from certain messengers
whom they encountered on their way, had broken into a run.

When, in the first glimmer of daylight, plastered with mud from head
to foot, breathless, roused to a frenzy by the march, his brain
fogged; by exhaustion, he burst into the village with the soldiers, he
had no time to see anything, to think of anything; hurled, amid a
dense volley of stones, into a furious street fight, he received a
medley of impressions so rapid and violent, that he could take in
nothing, except the terrified flight of a compact mass of people, who
ran away screaming; a tremendous roar; a stunning blow and...

The market place, as though it too were shattered and put to flight in
the wake of the screaming populace who were deserting it, as soon as
the smoke from their rifles melted in the livid glimmer of the dawn,
seemed to the eyes of the soldiers to be held down by the weight of
five lifeless bodies, scattered here and there.

A strange, unconquerable impulse obliged the captain to give an order
at once, of any sort, to his men. Those five bodies that lay there,
sprawling awkwardly on their faces, in a horrible immobility, in the
mud of the market place, furrowed by the flight of the mob, formed a
spectacle unendurably grim. And a serjeant and corporal, at their
captain's order, advanced with hesitating steps across the market
place until they came to the first of these bodies.

The serjeant bent down and saw that the body, which had fallen with
its face on the ground, was armed like a brigand. He took the gun from
its shoulder, and displayed it at arm's length to the captain; then
handed the gun to the corporal, and bent down again over the body to
take from its belt first one then a second pistol, which likewise he
shewed to his captain. Upon which the captain, stirred by curiosity,
although he still felt one of his legs trembling violently and was
afraid that the soldiers might notice this weakness, went up to the
corpse himself, and ordered them to turn it over so that he might see
its face. When moved, the corpse revealed on its bloodstained breast
four medals.

The three soldiers stood gazing at one another, stupefied and awed.

Who was this that they had killed?


I am indebted to Professor Cesare Foligno, of Oxford, and to Professor
Walter Starkie, of Trinity College, Dublin, the author of an important
critical study of Pirandello, for the following corrections and
amplifications of the Bibliography appended to Shoot!


This novel was first published in 1904, in Rome, by
the Nuova Antologia.


Published 1910.


Published 1912.

Published 1920.

Published 1913.


Published 1916.



Mundart Ton Girgenti. / Inaugural-Dissertation /
znr Erlangung der Doktorwiirde / bei der / philo-sophischen
Fakultat / der / Rheinischen Friedrich-"Wilhelms-Universitat
201 Bonn / eingereicht und

mit den beigefiigten Thesen verteidigt / am 21
Marz 1891, Mittags 12 Uhr / von / Luigi Pirandello
/ aus Girgenti. / Opponenten: / Jean

Etienne Lork, Dr.phil. / Franz Piitz, cand.phil. /
Halle a.S. / Druck der Buchdruckerei des Waisen-hauses
/ 1891.

Pp. iv--f 52.

Dedication: Herrn Prof. Dr. "Wendelin Foerster in
dankbarer Verehrung gewidmet.

The thesis is written in German, but concludes with
the following autobiographical note in Latin:

Natus sum Aloysius Pirandello Agrigenti anno huius
saeculi sexagesimo septimo e patre Stephano ICto,
matre Catherina. Fidem profiteer catholicam. Litte-rarum
primordiis imbutus, Panormitanum gymnasium
per octo annos frequentaui. Maturitatis
testimonio praeditus, Panormitanam litterarum
uniuersitatem petii anno h.s. octogesimo sexto, ut
philologicis studiis operam nauarem, ubi scholis
interfui Cortesi, Fraccaroli, Pennesi, Mestica, Pais.
Anno transacto me contuli Rr mam, ubi audiui pro-docentes
Nannarelli, Monaci, Occioni, Guidi, Be-loch,
Dalla Vedova, Labriola, Piccolomini, Cug-noni,
t Lignana, Bonghi, De Ruggiero. Duobus
annis post me contuli Bonnam, ubi per ter sex
menses me docuerunt Buechler et Foerster. Insigni
Foersteri comitate factus est, ut in semi-narium
eius philologicum reciperer, cuius per duo
semestria fui sodalis ordinarius.

Luigi Pirandello / Arte e Scienza / Saggi / Roma /
W.Modes, Libraio Editore / Corso Umberto I.,
146 / 1908.

Contents: 1. Arte e Scienza.

2. Un Critico Fantastico.

3. Illustratori, Attori e Traduttori.

4. Per uno studio sul verso di Dante.

5. Poscritta.

6. Soggettivismo e oggettivismo nell'arte

7. Per l'ordinanza d'un sindaco.

8. I sonetti di Cecco Angiolieri.


First published in 1908 (Lanciano, Carabba).


Professor Starkie, in a skeleton bibliography attached
to his Luigi Pirandello ( J. M. Dent & Sons, Ltd.,
1926) gives the following dates of production of
certain of the plays:



5. COSI E' (SE VI PARE) 1916

9. L'INNESTO 1917





13. ENRICO IV 1922

(original version) 1920

F. 1. ALL'USCITA 1924

The following volumes have been published by Messrs.
Bemporad since the compilation of the Bibliography attached
to Shoot!



Luigi Pirandello / L'esclusa / romanzo / Nuova
ristampa riveduta e corretta / firenze / R. Bemporad
e f

l927--Prato, Tip. Giachetti, F e C. Propr. R. Bemporad
& F.o

Pp. iv--f--244. Price L.l3. This edition appears in
a white wrapper of imitation parchment, uniform
with _Uno nessuno e centomila_. The dedication is
omitted, but at the end of the text, above the word
_Fine_, is the date: "Monte Cave, 1893."


Luigi Pirandello / H fu / Mattia Pascal / Terza

ristampa / firenze / R. Bemporad e f

Reprinted in 1927 in a wrapper uniform with those

of _Uno, nessuno e centomfla_, etc. Price L. 14.


This also Is now issued in a uniform, wrapper with
the other novels.


Luigi Pirandello / Uno, nessuno e centomila / firenze
/ E. Bemporad e f / 1926,

l92e--Prato, Tip. Giachetti, F e C.--Propr. K.
Bemporad & F.

Pp. iv--f 232. Price L.lo.

This volume is issued in a white wrapper of imitation
parchment with the author's and publisher's names
in black cursive script and the title of the book in
red. The other volumes mentioned above are issued
in uniform wrappers.


The following stories are included in Volume XI of
_Novelle per un anno_:

G. La paura del sonno
15. Un'altra allodola
20. Pallottoline!

70. La giara

71. La morta e la viva

72. La lega disciolta

76. Non e una cosa seria (XI.lo).

77. Pensaci, Giacomino! (XI. 9).

78. Richiamo all'obbligo (XI. 8).

82. L'illustre estinto (XI.l2J.

83. Due letti a due (XI.l5).
168. La cattura (XI. 2).

(XI. 4).
(XI. 7).
(XI. 1).
(XI. 6).
(XI. 5).

(See Play s'E. 8).
(SeePZaysE. 3).

204. Guardando una stampa (XI. 3).

205. Tirocinio (XI.ll).

206. Il Guardaroba dell' eloquenza ( XI.l3).
Another story was published in the _Corriere della
Sera_ in April, 1926:

207. Puberta.


Volume XI. La giara.

Luigi Pirandello / Novelle / per un anno / Volume
XI. / La giara / 1928 / R. Bemporad & F.--Editori

l927--Prato, Tip. Giachetti, F & C. Propr. R. Bemporad
& FO.

Published, November, 1927. Pp. vi-2e2 (including
2 pages of advertisements. Price L.l2.

Contains: 70, 168, 204, 6, 72, 71, 15, 78, 77, 76,
205, 82, 206, 20, 83.


1. (Vol. XVIII).

La ragione degli altri / commedia in tre atti / nuova

edizione riveduta e corretta, etc., etc. (Printed


Pp. 164 (including two pages of advertisements)

price L.ll (in Florence L.lo).

8. (Vol. XVI)

Ma non e / una cosa seria / commedia in tre atti /

nuova edizione riveduta e corretta / (mask) / R.

Bemporad, etc., etc. (Printed 1925.)
Pp. 182. Price L.ll (in Florence L.lo).

9. (Vol. XVII)

L'innesto / commedia in tre atti / nuova edizione
riveduta e corretta / etc., etc. (Printed 1925.)
Pp. l22--two blank pages at end. Price L.ll (in
Florence L.lo).

22. (Vol. XXI)

DIANA E LA TUBA / tragedia in tre atti / 1927.

Firenze Stabilimento Pisa e Lampronti.

Pp. 168. Price L.ll (in Florence L.lo). Second

edition 1927.

Dedication: a Marta Abba.

(This play was produced at Zurich, in German, in

November, 1926, and in Italian at the Teatro Eden,

Milan, in January, 1927.)

21. (Vol. XXII).

L'amica / delle mogli / commedia in tre atti (mask)
/ R. Bemporad & F--Editori--Firenze.

71-1927 Tip. Scolastica condotta da F. Cium, Via
Tripoli 28, Firenze

Pp. 164 (including three pages of advertisements).
Price L.ll (in Florence L.lo).

Dedication: a Marta Abba.

This volume appears in a special wrapper designed
by Dino Tofani. The title is in a panel upon a
background of masks with floral decoration in indigo
and buff. The play was produced in the
spring of 1927.


(Vol. XIX)

Maschere nude / Teatro di Luigi Pirandello / Lumie

di Sicilia / Cece / La patente / commedie in un

atto / (mask) / etc., etc.

Printed in 1926. Pp. 176 (including one page of

advertisements). Price L.ll (in Florence L.lo).
7. L'imbecille: pages 5-46.
2. Lumie di Sicilia: pages 47-92.
8. Cece: pages 93-144.
3. La patente: pages 145-174.
(Vol. XX)

Maschere nude / Teatro di Luigi Pirandello / All'
uscita / mistero profano / II dovere del medico /
un atto / La morsa / epilogo in un atto / L'uomo
/ dal fiore in bocca / dialogo / (mask) / etc., etc.
Printed in 1926. Pp. 132. Price L.ll (in Florence

1. All'uscita: pages 5-26.

9. Il dovere del medico: pages 27-64.

This play was produced by the Teatro Arcimboldi in
January, 1926.

10. La morsa: pages 65-110.

11. L'uomo dal fiore in bocca-, pages 111-130.

12. A new play in one act, Bellavita, was produced in

the spring of 1927.

The _Almanacco Italiano_ for 1928 gives the dates of the

most recent productions as follows:

II dovere del medico, produced by Vitti at the Teatro
Arcimboldi, Milan, Jan. 27, 1926.

L'imbecille, produced at the Teatro Meravigli, Milan,
Oct. 30, 1926.

Diana e la Tuda, produced (in German) at the Schau-spielhaus,
Zurich, Nov. 20, 1926. It was next produced
(in Catalan) at--Barcelona, and finally by
Pirandello himself at the Teatro Eden, Milan, on

Jan. 14, 1927.

L'amica delle mogli, produced by Pirandello at the

Teatro Argentina, Rome, April 27, 1927.

Bellavita, produced by the Almirante-Rissone-Tofano

Company at the Teatro Eden, Milan, May 27, 1927.

SCAMANDRO, a fantasy in five episodes by Luigi
Pirandello, with a musical and choral accompaniment
by Ferdinando Liuzzi, was produced at Florence 'on
February 17, 1928 at the first meeting of the revived
Accademia dei Fidenti.

LA NUOVA COLONIA, a myth, was produced by
Pirandello at the Teatro Argentina, Rome, in March,

C. K. S. M.

Rome, April, 1928.


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